Although we don't believe in timing the market or panicking over market movements, we do like to keep an eye on big changes -- just in case they're material to our investing thesis.

What: Shares of Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ:AGIO) began the morning with a strong move higher, and have continued to surge throughout the day -- as of this writing, shares were 34% higher than last night's close. The big pop is clearly the result of Agios' final earnings report of 2013, which showed a steeper-than-expected quarterly loss, but was otherwise was full of positive news.

So what: Agios' fourth-quarter revenue came in at $6.7 million, with $25.5 million reported for the full year, both of which bested analyst expectations for $6.2 million for the quarter and $25.1 million for the full year. A quarterly loss of $0.40 per share, while worse than the $0.34-per-share loss analysts had modeled, could be explained primarily by larger R&D expenses.

Agios is currently moving toward clinical trials for IDH1 mutant-inhibitor cancer treatment AG-120, which should begin anytime now, and is also pursuing two investigational new drug applications, including one for AG-348, an inborn errors-of-metabolism drug that should begin trials around midyear. The company will also present data from its phase 1 study of AG-221, an IDH2 mutant-inhibitor cancer drug at the American Association for Cancer Research meeting in April, which is sooner than expected and which appears to bode well for the quality of study results. These studies appear set to burn roughly $64 million of Agios' cash, as the company projects a year-end balance of roughly $130 million, as compared to 2013's year-end balance of $194 million.

Now what: Agios was largely flat since its IPO last until today's trade, because there really wasn't much information to go on for investors. While the company's updated the public somewhat on the progress of its drug candidates -- and the accelerated presentation timetable indicates some optimism for AG-221 -- there's really nothing much tangible to go on just yet.

Alex Planes has no position in any stocks mentioned, and neither does The Motley Fool. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.