Will Replacing High Fructose Corn Syrup with Real Sugar Help Pepsi?

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Soda sales have steadily declined in the United States and PepsiCo  (NYSE: PEP  ) is turning to an old friend to attempt to reverse the decline (or at least increase its market share). 

No, the company won't be resurrecting Michael Jackson for a new series of commercials or bringing back its 1950s slogan "More bounce for the ounce." Instead Pepsi will be bringing out a line of colas made with real sugar instead of high fructose corn syrup.

The beverages will be marketed in packaging using a classic version of the Pepsi logo and sold under the not-very-clever names "Pepsi Made With Real Sugar," "Pepsi Vanilla Made With Real Sugar," and "Pepsi Wild Cherry Made With Real Sugar," Beverage Digest reported. 

How far have U.S. soda sales fallen?

Blame it on a rise in coffee consumption, an increase in beverage choices overall, or the idea that Americans may have started to accept the idea that there is a clear link between caloric intake and obesity. But whatever the reason, sales of carbonated beverages in the United States have fallen for nearly a decade. In 2013 total sales volume fell 3% to 8.9 billion cases, the ninth straight year of falling sales and the lowest total volume since 1995, according to Beverage Digest. Soda sales fell 1.2% in 2012 and 1% in 2011.

While overall sales have fallen there is still an intense battle between Pepsi and rival Coca-Cola (NYSE: KO  ) for market share. In 2013 Coke gained .4% share in the overall soft drink market in the United States while Pepsi's share slipped by the same amount. The soda ship may be sinking but there's still a lot of bottles to be sold on the way to the bottom. Marketing real sugar sodas may not bring new customers to the figurative soda fountain, but it may lure a few from Coke to Pepsi.  

Sugar versus high fructose corn syrup

High fructose corn syrup pretty much replaced traditional sugar in sodas in the 1980s because it's cheaper. In the '80s and for some of the '90s sugar was also poorly perceived by the public as it became clear that consuming too much of it led to obesity and diabetes.

In recent years, however, the pendulum has swung back and the public perception of sugar -- which sounds more natural than high fructose corn syrup -- has improved. Numerous beverage companies have gotten rid of corn syrup, including the Snapple brand, part of Dr Pepper Snapple (NYSE: DPS  ) , which ditched high fructose corn syrup in 2009 in an attempt to live up to its "best stuff on Earth" slogan in the face of increased iced tea competition.

The medical community largely sees sugar as sugar.  

"Human studies, though short-term and small, consistently show no different impact on measures of health [for high fructose corn syrup] compared with other sugars. Though it'd be nice to have more research, we can confidently say people's health will benefit most from limiting all sources of calorie-containing sweeteners," says Cindy Fitch, a nutrition professor at West Virginia University and co-author of an Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics position paper on the topic.

The public -- misguided as it may be -- disagrees.

According to a survey done by NPD Food Safety Monitor in 2008, high fructose corn syrup was a top food safety concern for 58% of Americans. Only Salmonella, E. Coli, trans fatty acids, mercury in fish, and Mad Cow disease scared more people.

Reality hardly matters on the subject, as anyone looking to make an actual healthy choice has learned by now that avoiding sugar in general -- no matter how it's labeled -- is a good idea. Swapping out high fructose corn syrup for sugar is a marketing ploy based on the perceived villainy of corn syrup, not its actual effect on your health.

Replacing high fructose corn syrup with another type of sugar will have little effect on obesity and diabetes, consumer activist and creator of the blog Vani Hari told USA Today. "It's like replacing a cigarette with a cigar."

Still marketing is all about perception and if people believe sugar is better than high fructose corn syrup then Pepsi could grab market share when a customer has to choose between a sugar-based Pepsi and a high fructose corn syrup-based Coke.

Hasn't this been tried before?

Coke makes a version of its trademark cola sweetened with sugar in its Arca Continental bottling plants in Mexico. The product, while not officially marketed in the U.S., has made it north of the border. The real-sugar Coke also has enough fans that a bit of a brouhaha was raised in 2013 when the plants's CEO Francisco Garza Egloff suggested it might switch to high fructose corn syrup. The outcry at that time was loud enough that Arca reversed the decision and announced that all Coke made for export to the U.S. would continue to be made with cane sugar, Bloomberg BusinessWeek reported.  

Pepsi has been more directly in the real sugar business with its "Throwback" line of retro sodas marketed with old-looking labels and the tag line "Real sugar...Real good!" that were introduced in 2009 and still appear on various Pepsi websites. The Throwback line includes real sugar Pepsi and real sugar Mountain Dew. Both can still be found for sale on Amazon and at (though only for in-store purchase).

The "Real Sugar" new line seems like a change in marketing of products it essentially already has.

Can Pepsi reverse its sale slide?

The soda business is declining and it's not likely to bounce back. Consumers simply know too much about health and no amount of rejiggering recipes will convince the public that grabbing a can of soda is a better choice than the countless others that are readily available. Still 8.9 billion cases sold in the United States in 2013 is a huge business and Pepsi could grab a bigger piece of that pie even as it shrinks.

Pepsi would be foolish to think that marketing real sugar sodas will persuade water drinkers to jump back to soda, but as long as certain audiences consider sugar a better choice than high fructose corn syrup an audience exists that may be swayed. There is no reason for Pepsi to leave the real sugar market to people finding ways to buy Mexican Coke and niche players like Jones Soda, which has made the fact that it only uses pure cane sugar a key part of its marketing.

Real sugar soda may be the current version of low tar cigarettes, but there is an audience that's not looking for actually healthy products just ones that sort of appear so. For those deluded folks Pepsi Made With Real Sugar should hit the spot.

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Read/Post Comments (14) | Recommend This Article (0)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On April 10, 2014, at 1:12 PM, damilkman wrote:

    Its funny. What is left unsaid is that all of those coffee drinkers in order to drink their coffee add sugar.

  • Report this Comment On April 10, 2014, at 11:43 PM, RxPro wrote:

    @ damilkman: not sure what that has to do with this article. We are talking about a lot more sugar in sodas; there is 10x more sugar in a 20oz coke than in a sugar packet.

    I think switching to real sugar is simply a marketing strategy and it might get a few people to at least TRY the new version. I regularly drink Coke Mexican and it is noticeably more tolerable than standard US coke.

    Most of the US public is aware that drinking sugary drinks simply adds to their daily calorie count without giving them a lot of good in return. If coke/pepsi starts marketing a more acceptable drink nutritional-wise, it could be a big hit.

  • Report this Comment On April 11, 2014, at 12:50 AM, LazyCapitalist wrote:


    The author of the article mentions coffee consumption and/or concerns about caloric intake as possible reasons for declining soft drink sales. That's what damilkman is referencing.

  • Report this Comment On April 11, 2014, at 1:58 AM, sliderw wrote:

    Bring back Coke made with real coke!

  • Report this Comment On April 11, 2014, at 8:15 AM, fhpage wrote:

    Surprised their is no mention that some consumers believe they can taste the difference between cane sugar and corn syrup--and prefer the retro taste.

  • Report this Comment On May 07, 2014, at 10:49 AM, pineypl wrote:

    @fhpage, this consumer can taste the difference between "pure cane sugar" and HFCS in aftertaste. That is why I no longer enjoy a Coca-Cola; the aftertaste. While there may be small, although I can tell it, taste of the drink, the aftertaste is the give away for me.

  • Report this Comment On May 22, 2014, at 12:23 AM, cnoll12003 wrote:

    I can tell the difference, theres no comparison, It taste nasty. And I don't like coke AT ALL. So I guess I'll have to try dr. pepper, hope they haven't changed that.

  • Report this Comment On September 25, 2014, at 9:56 AM, OldCrow wrote:

    All of this makes sense from marketing and finance perspectives.

    However, there is no mention of the way the body processes either substance, and they are quite different.

    The reason I now suffer my bourbon with water instead of coke is the manner if which the liver is made to process these artificial sugars.

    If you visit, there is an article called sweet confusion that will break it down.

    Suffice to say what I took from it is one alcoholic drink paired with a corn syrup laden beverage processes and affects the liver like the equivalent of two alcoholic beverages because of the way the artificial sugars are broken down and processed.

    This also has a significant effect on "fatty liver" formation and why many of us can work out 5 days a week and still have belly specific fat that just won't go away no matter how much diet or exercise.

    Jack and Coke, Rum and Coke, imagine drinking 15 at the next wedding is really 30 on you liver...

  • Report this Comment On October 15, 2014, at 5:04 AM, DanColasanti wrote:

    Pepsi just launched a new product - Pepsi True, which is sweetened with reduced sugar and stevia extract - no corn-syrup or artificial sweeteners! It just became available exclusively on - see:

  • Report this Comment On November 01, 2014, at 5:09 PM, mwara244 wrote:

    Another big concern over HFCS is that it is made with GMO's, that have had NO long term studies, ZERO. Monsanto will sue anyone who t\even tries to study any of their patented seeds even for Saftey concerns to the human body. Their are some studies that also show that HFCS could lead to varying types of Cancer as well. Some people have eaten GMO's and feel nauseous or bloated. GMO's when eaten by insects literally blow out their stomachs after consuming the GMO plants. So I'd say that is a hell of a correlation.

    Just say no to GMO's, HFCS & other chemicals and dyes in our food.

  • Report this Comment On January 08, 2015, at 1:22 AM, JohnATX wrote:

    I don't know if this is true but I read that HFCS has trace amounts of Mercury. If that's true, then maybe it is healthier than HFCS

  • Report this Comment On April 12, 2015, at 3:13 PM, fiftymike8 wrote:

    I drink the new Pepsi Cola, ( the cola sweeten with hfcs is labeled Pepsi.) I can taste the difference. No mung mouth with throwback, and not as sickening sweet. My wife who was a hard core diet pepsi drinker, has switched to vanilla pepsi cola, and would rather drink it than the diet. I have a service related job that requires home service I comment if I see pepsi cola in customers house. You would be surprised how many times customer would say," my teenager likes,drinks it.

  • Report this Comment On April 27, 2015, at 12:06 PM, avisd wrote:

    HFCS is deadly to the body. Sugar is at least a natural subsance but HFCS will eventually klll you. Or at least cause a lot of problems like heart disease, liver damage and a bunch of other things. I never liked the taste of Coke and used to drink Pepsi occasionally when it was made with sugar. Now I avoid any soda. Thank goodness the public has started to be aware of the dangers of HFCS. I see lots of products now labeled "no high fructose corn syrup" because it is used in more than just soda...even bread!

  • Report this Comment On July 22, 2015, at 10:20 AM, hihni wrote:

    Sugar was and remains a treat to be had once a week. Corn is what we feed cows and pigs. The manufacturing costs for a bottle of Coke with sugar would be a few cents higher than current costs with corn, despite huge subsidies on corn against high tariffs on beet sugar. Food processors insistence on corn syrup smacks of cheapness. There are millions who like to be fed cheap corn, and there are millions who would still see sugar-based foods as a rare treat. Guess who are poorer, guess whose lives are ending sooner because of gluttony and heart disease.

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Daniel B. Kline

Daniel B. Kline is an accomplished writer and editor who has worked for the Microsoft's Finance app and The Boston Globe, where he wrote for the paper and ran the business desk. His latest book "Worst Ideas Ever" (Skyhorse) can be purchased at bookstores everywhere.

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