Samsung (NASDAQOTH:SSNLF) is under attack. It's facing intensifying competition on both the low end and the high end of the smartphone market from the likes of Lenovo (NASDAQOTH:LNVGY) and Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL). Lenovo is making big strides in improving the quality of its smartphones, which are becoming increasingly popular with consumers. That's making life difficult for Samsung on its home turf.

Globally, Samsung continues to be pressured by Apple on the high end of the market. The pressure stands to heat up even further, since Apple is on the cusp of releasing its next-generation iPhone. Making matters worse is that Apple's iPhone 6 will likely include a new product feature that threatens what was once a key advantage for Samsung.

Add it all up, and there are plenty of reasons to be skeptical about what the future holds for Samsung.

Samsung has reason to worry
Samsung recently unveiled extremely weak earnings guidance, stating that its current quarter could produce the worst results in two years. This is especially problematic since smartphones accounted for approximately three-quarters of Samsung's profits last quarter. The key contributing factor to this is weakened demand caused by intensified price competition and the looming threat of the next iPhone.

Essentially, Samsung's fundamental strategy is being challenged. It took for granted the consumer willingness to pay premium prices for its devices, even though the Galaxy S5 didn't offer enough innovations to command high prices.

In turn, rivals in China, such as Lenovo, are competing with their own devices that offer many of the same features at a much lower prices. One such device is the Lenovo Vibe Z, which is Lenovo's first LTE smartphone and includes gesture controls and photo-enhancement software.

For evidence of this, look no further than Lenovo's results over the past few months. Its smartphone shipments soared 59% last quarter. Its mobile Internet and digital home-operating segment, which includes smartphones, tablets, and televisions, soared 71% last quarter. Much of this is due to the company's success with smartphones. For four consecutive quarters, Lenovo has sold more smartphones and tablets than personal computers.

Will Samsung lose its competitive advantage?
There are rumors all over the financial media that Apple's iPhone 6 will threaten what had been Samsung's key competitive advantage: a larger phone screen. Several outlets, including Forbes and CNet, have speculated that Apple is preparing to increase the size of the iPhone screen. In the past, Apple was reluctant to build larger phones because it believed that smaller screens held an edge for consumers who didn't want an overly cumbersome phone to carry.

But now, Apple may be reconsidering its position. The size of the iPhone 5 screen was bigger than the iPhone 4, and another increase is likely. Reportedly, Apple will release two separate iterations of the iPhone 6, with 4.7-inch and 5.5-inch screens. It seems Apple is coalescing around the idea that buyers want a larger screen to better enjoy content and enhance the user experience.

This means trouble for Samsung, as it instantly wipes away Samsung's key competitive advantage. While Apple previously held steady on smaller screen sizes for the iPhone 4 and iPhone 5, Samsung carved out a sizable chunk of the market for itself by appealing to those who wanted a bigger phone. Now Apple understands that it should also offer large screens to consumers who want one.

The bottom line
Samsung is getting squeezed on both sides. On the lower end, it's under assault from Lenovo, which is making huge gains. That's because Lenovo found a way to increase the attractiveness of its smartphones while still offering lower prices than Samsung.

Looking ahead, smartphone titan Apple will be releasing the iPhone 6, presumably later this year. When it does, it's likely to include a larger-screen option, which spells even more trouble for Samsung. The big screen was a key advantage Samsung was holding onto that it will no longer enjoy.

The bottom line is that Samsung is truly between a rock and a hard place, and could see its dominant market position fade.

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Bob Ciura owns shares of Apple. The Motley Fool recommends Apple. The Motley Fool owns shares of Apple. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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