Warren Buffett's 3 Lessons for Growth Investors

Who says Warren Buffett isn't a rule breaker? Berkshire Hathaway's (NYSE: BRK-A  ) (NYSE: BRK-B  ) iconic chairman, widely regarded as the best investor of all time, spent precious little time talking up the virtue of value investing during this month's annual meeting of shareholders in Omaha.

"I would never spend a lot of time valuing declining businesses," Buffett said during a multihour question-and-answer session. "The same amount of energy and intelligence brought to other businesses is just going to work out better."

Sound like anyone else you know? How about Motley Fool co-founder David Gardner? How about the entire Motley Fool Rule Breakers team? We'd much rather pay $2 for the chance at $10, $20, or even $100 than the dyed-in-the-wool value hound who aims to buy $1 for $0.50.

And yet, as portable as Buffett's wisdom may be, I met exactly zero rule breakers during a post-meeting event for Foolish members. Most were connected to Motley Fool Inside Value or Motley Fool Income Investor or Million Dollar Portfolio, whose approaches most often appeal to bargain-hunting Fools. I was, you might say, a rule breaker in Graham and Doddsville.

The intrinsic value of shifting perspectives
So why go to the Berkshire meeting? Why spend time with the value crowd when my stated strategy is to pay a premium for misunderstood multibaggers in the making? Because hanging with others whose perspectives differ from mine has made me a better investor over the course of years.

This time, conversations with my colleagues Joe Magyer of Inside Value and Mike Olsen of Special Ops forced me to think harder about not only the stocks I own personally, but also active Rule Breakers recommendations HomeAway (Nasdaq: AWAY  ) and Riverbed Technology (Nasdaq: RVBD  ) . Each company has fallen far from our original buy-in price.

Talking with Joe and Mike was oddly confirming. I found myself defending these stocks not because they're picks I've made for Rule Breakers, but because each has a compelling story to tell. In HomeAway's case, invoice-based products should substantially juice margins while new services for helping travelers book and pay directly from a HomeAway page make the company an even more alluring partner for property managers while at the same time boosting the company's healthy free cash flow, which came in at a little more than $65 million over the past 12 months, according to data supplied by S&P Capital IQ.

In Riverbed's case, a falling stock price obscures hard data that show the company still controls the majority of the market for WAN optimization technology -- algorithmically driven software that improves the speed with which networks operate. It's important technology. New research from Aberdeen Group shows that a one-second delay in page-load time equals 11% fewer page views, a 16% decrease in customer satisfaction, and a 7% loss in conversions.

Old-school value investors may not be convinced. But they're right that every thesis needs periodic reality checks. That's one test that separates a rule-breaking opportunity from mere hype.

3 big ideas from Buffett
As is his prerogative, Buffett wasn't in much of a sharing mood when it came to specific stock ideas during the annual meeting. But he also wasn't short on wisdom. Here are three pieces of advice worth heeding:

1. Buy what you know, or can learn. Just as Buffett and Charlie Munger counseled against spending too much time evaluating declining businesses, they also advised sticking with industries and companies you know best. Two that came up during the Q&A: Apple (Nasdaq: AAPL  ) and Google. "They're both huge companies. They look very tough to dislodge," Buffett said. "I would not be at all surprised to see them worth a lot more money in 10 years."

Will we see Berkshire buy shares of Apple or Google anytime soon? Munger said no, and for exactly the right reason. "The only fair thing we can say is that there are a lot more people who know these companies [better]. We have the reverse of an edge. What do we know about computer science?"

2. Price also matters. While we breakers don't obsess over price in the same way our value-driven peers do, Buffett's advice on buying well rings as timeless: "If you buy businesses for less than they are worth, you're going to make money. If you know which businesses you can and cannot value, you're going to make money."

3. Mr. Market will never stop being crazy. Finally, Buffett debunked the idea that Mr. Market is in any way rational. "The beauty of stocks is they do sell at silly prices sometimes," Buffett said. "That's how Charlie and I got rich." Rich? That's too polite a word for Buffett's Scrooge McDuck-like $44 billion fortune.

Avoid declining businesses, buy what you know, spend time studying where you have an edge, and never forget that the market offers silly discounts on a regular basis. Wonderful ideas, all, and just as applicable to us rebel investors -- principles I'd dare say we live by -- as to any other. Maybe that's why Buffett avoids calling himself a "value" investor. He knows, rightly, the term is too limiting.

I've got a better name for him: rule breaker.

Fool contributor Tim Beyers is a member of the Motley Fool Rule Breakers stock-picking team and the Motley Fool Supernova Odyssey I mission. He owned shares of Apple, Berkshire Hathaway, and Google at the time of publication. Check out Tim's web home, portfolio holdings and Foolish writings, or connect with him on Google+ or Twitter, where he goes by @milehighfool. You can also get his insights delivered directly to your RSS reader.

The Motley Fool owns shares of Berkshire Hathaway, Apple, Google, and Riverbed Technology. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of Riverbed Technology, Berkshire Hathaway, Apple, Google, and HomeAway. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended creating a stock position in Riverbed Technology. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended creating a bull call spread position in Apple. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days.


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