Track the companies that matter to you. It's FREE! Click one of these fan favorites to get started: Apple; Google; Ford.



The Safer Strategy to Bet on a Bounce

Watch stocks you care about

The single, easiest way to keep track of all the stocks that matter...

Your own personalized stock watchlist!

It's a 100% FREE Motley Fool service...

Click Here Now

This article is part of our series on options investing, in which The Motley Fool is sharing a number of strategies you can use to get better results from your investment portfolio.

After seeing a big rally that started last summer, investors have gotten another reminder of how the stock market involves both risk and reward. As Europe continues to have problems with sovereign debt worries and the U.S. treads closer to a potential double-dip recession, the stock market has given up a big chunk of its gains from the rally, and some bearish investors see it on the precipice of a much bigger decline.

Even those who believe investing for the long run is the best strategy to follow can find it hard to add new money to the market in situations like this. After all, as downward moves continue, traders using short-term technical and momentum indicators often end up making the declines worse as they add short positions to the overall selling. But you don't want to miss out on what could turn out to be a big bargain. A strategy involving options could be exactly what you're looking for.

When big losses aren't an option
If you're like many people, the whole idea of using options sounds dangerous. Whereas stocks tend to retain at least some of their value no matter how big a downturn ends up becoming, options often produce total losses. And because some options strategies require you to take high-risk bets in the hopes of highly levered gains, the amounts involved can make options seem more like gambling than investing.

But once you get to know options, you'll understand that like many tools, options are only as risky as you make them. By following the ideas below, you can actually invest in stocks while reducing the risk of future losses.

Make the call
This particular strategy involves call options, which allow their holders to buy shares at a certain price any time before the options expire. With calls, you have complete exposure to share-price gains but limit your potential loss to whatever amount you pay for the call.

One place you might want to look for a recovery in is the materials sector, which is the worst-hit sector of the S&P 500 in September. The drop in precious metals has thrown miners like Goldcorp (NYSE: GG  ) , Silver Wheaton (NYSE: SLW  ) , and platinum/palladium producer Stillwater Mining (NYSE: SWC  ) for a loop. But the declines have gone much further than precious metals, as concerns about a global slowdown have led to big drops in prices for copper and other base metals, pushing down shares of Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold (NYSE: FCX  ) and BHP Billiton (NYSE: BHP  ) in sympathy.

Risk-averse investors should consider a strategy known as a bull call spread. By buying one call to purchase shares at a fixed price and then selling another with a higher purchase price, you can firmly set both your maximum potential profit and your biggest possible loss. The following table shows how the strategy could work right now:


Buy This Call

Sell This Call

Maximum Loss

Maximum Profit

Goldcorp January $45 January $55 $3.00 $7.00
Newmont Mining (NYSE: NEM  ) December $65 December $75 $2.77 $7.23
Silver Wheaton December $30 December $45 $3.47 $11.53
Hecla Mining (NYSE: HL  ) January $5 January $7.50 $0.77 $1.73
Stillwater Mining January $10 January $17.50 $0.80 $6.90
Freeport-McMoRan January $32 January $45 $3.18 $9.82
BHP Billiton January $70 January $90 $5.20 $14.80

Source: Yahoo! Finance. Based on prices as of Sep. 29. Profit and loss figures are per share.

As you can see, it's easy to set up a bull call spread that has a lot more upside potential than downside risk. The trade-off is that if the stock stays flat or fails to rise above the exercise price of the option you buy, you'll suffer a total loss even as shareholders see no change or a slight gain. In addition, if share prices rise above the exercise price of the option you sell, then your gains are limited and you would've been better off buying the shares.

But still, the bull call spread lets you tailor your risk however you want. That can help you win from a potential rebound without worrying about how low this bearish move could go.

Stay tuned throughout our options investing series and get the strategies you need to earn more from your investments. Click back to the series intro for links to the entire series.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger knows risk is a four-letter word. You can follow him on Twitter here. He doesn't own shares of the companies mentioned in this article. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Fool's disclosure policy helps you keep all your options open.

Read/Post Comments (0) | Recommend This Article (4)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Compare Brokers

Fool Disclosure

Sponsored Links

Leaked: Apple's Next Smart Device
(Warning, it may shock you)
The secret is out... experts are predicting 458 million of these types of devices will be sold per year. 1 hyper-growth company stands to rake in maximum profit - and it's NOT Apple. Show me Apple's new smart gizmo!

DocumentId: 1562214, ~/Articles/ArticleHandler.aspx, 5/26/2016 8:38:44 PM

Report This Comment

Use this area to report a comment that you believe is in violation of the community guidelines. Our team will review the entry and take any appropriate action.

Sending report...

Today's Market

updated Moments ago Sponsored by:
DOW 17,828.29 -23.22 -0.13%
S&P 500 2,090.10 -0.44 -0.02%
NASD 4,901.77 6.88 0.14%

Create My Watchlist

Go to My Watchlist

You don't seem to be following any stocks yet!

Better investing starts with a watchlist. Now you can create a personalized watchlist and get immediate access to the personalized information you need to make successful investing decisions.

Data delayed up to 5 minutes

Related Tickers

5/26/2016 4:02 PM
BHP $27.97 Down -0.29 -1.03%
BHP Billiton Limit… CAPS Rating: ***
FCX $11.34 Down -0.31 -2.66%
Freeport-McMoRan C… CAPS Rating: ***
GG $16.90 Up +0.12 +0.72%
Goldcorp, Inc. (US… CAPS Rating: ***
HL $4.06 Down -0.03 -0.73%
Hecla Mining Compa… CAPS Rating: **
NEM $32.45 Up +0.07 +0.22%
Newmont Mining Cor… CAPS Rating: ***
SLW $18.84 Up +0.06 +0.32%
Silver Wheaton Cor… CAPS Rating: ****
SWC $10.06 Up +0.06 +0.60%
Stillwater Mining… CAPS Rating: ***