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How You're Going to Beat the Market This Year

How will you outperform the market this year?

You might think that's a silly question. One year, as a period of time (or in this case, the seven or so months left in the year), is too arbitrary to take seriously. Solid investment theses aren't proven over short periods of time.

But there are no guarantees for how a single strategy will play out over a specific timeframe. You can still put yourself in a better position to beat the market's returns this year by remembering two important details.

What usually beats the market
The best type of stock to have owned over time is a small-cap value stock. Here are the results for the 50 years from 1956 to 2005, calculated by Eugene Fama and Kenneth French:



Large caps



Small caps



Total stock market


*Not adjusted for inflation.

And here's what $10,000 compounds to over that 50 years in each category:

Small-cap value:


Large-cap value:


The total market:


Large-cap growth:


Small-cap growth:


What makes small-cap value
Small-cap stocks are easy enough to define. At our Motley Fool Hidden Gems service, we define them as companies with a market capitalization of less than $2 billion. Studies show that the lower the market cap, the higher the rewards to investors. Targeting your search to companies capitalized at $1 billion or less, or even to $500 million, will further improve your results.

Defining a value stock is a little trickier. You'll find many opinions on what makes a stock a value stock, but here are some traits to look for:

  • Low (less than 2.5) price-to-book ratios
  • Low (less than 20) price-to-free cash flow ratios
  • Companies with hated products (such as cigarettes).

Why growth lags
Historically, investors have paid too much for growth, and as a group, the fastest-growing companies have failed to match the returns of slower-growing businesses. The most spectacular example of this might be Dell, whose stock priced in more than 20% annual revenue growth for nearly a decade ahead back in 1998. That's right, Dell trades at the same price today it did in 1998, despite growing sales very profitably at a compounded 19.9% rate over the past nine years.

Of late, Whole Foods Market (Nasdaq: WFMI  ) and JetBlue Airways (Nasdaq: JBLU  ) are among high-profile companies that have combined lightning-fast sales growth with poor profitability, high P/B ratios, and recent poor returns to shareholders.

To be sure, there are exceptions. Plenty of individual large-cap growth stocks have produced great results over time. Even those with high P/B ratios that are dependent on prolonged and significant growth can achieve market-beating results -- if they have what is referred to as a "franchise value." Think of Comcast (Nasdaq: CMCSA  ) , Altria (NYSE: MO  ) , Hershey (NYSE: HSY  ) , and Paychex (Nasdaq: PAYX  ) , or click here to read an explanation of how companies such as these have been successful as growth investments when others have failed.

The Foolish bottom line
Although we're aware of these exceptions, at Hidden Gems we're leading the market's returns by more than 23 percentage points since 2003 by focusing on the small, hidden, discarded, and ignored values of the world. As phenomenal as the small-cap value historical returns reported above are, we've managed to improve on them over the past four years we've been in service.

If you'd like some help to start off the search for small-cap values, try Hidden Gems. You'll see our full lineup of picks and additional recommendations for new money now. You can take a look at all of them with a free 30-day guest pass to our service. But regardless of whether you take us up on that offer, we hope you find small-cap value stocks for your portfolio. We think you'll do very well with them -- next year and the many years that follow.

This article was first published on March 22, 2007. It has been updated.

Bill Barker does not own shares of any company mentioned in this article. Whole Foods is a Motley Fool Stock Advisor recommendation; Dell is a former Stock Advisor pick. Dell is an Inside Value pick. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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