All else being equal, the return you'll earn on any investment comes down to two main things: the length of time you hold it and the price you pay. Of course, every Fool knows that when it comes to investing, all else isn't equal. Nonetheless, those two points are well worth bearing in mind as you go about the business of stock shopping for fun and profit.
They're particularly true, I'd argue, when it comes to the question of price.
Most of us, after all, at least intend to be buy-to-hold types when we stake out a position in a stock we like. Alas, our "like" sometimes becomes a full-blown romance, and we fall in love with a stock's story and let emotion cloud our judgment when it comes to assessing valuations and growth prospects.
Google is a classic example. Don't get me wrong: I love it like everyone else, and I use the search service a gazillion times a day. I also love the bells and whistles it rolls out on a constant basis.
Still, fan though I am, I can't bring myself to buy the stock at its current valuation -- for starters, I don't think its declining growth justifies a price-to-earnings ratio of 39.
When it comes to investing in individual stocks, I'm a big fan of companies whose intrinsic value clocks in considerably greater than their stock prices. Beyond that, I also like companies with lengthy track records of generating plenty of free cash flow (FCF) -- cash from operations minus capital expenditures.
On that front, Google's FCF track record is too short -- particularly when the market boasts the likes of Marathon Oil
Sure, those names don't have quite as much sex appeal as Google. But if that's the profile you're after, you could always consider the likes of Texas Instruments
Why are you waiting?
Just because a company makes it through a set of quantitative screens, that doesn't mean it's a slam-dunk investment. There's more to ferreting out value than just number crunching. That's why I'm a big fan of my colleague Philip Durell's Inside Value newsletter service.
Each month, Philip whittles down the investment universe to just those companies that meet his stringent quantitative requirements and measure up when it comes to more qualitative factors (such as managerial acumen and a laser-like focus on creating value for shareholders).
Shall we dance?
If that sounds like a compelling strategic two-step, I encourage you to take Inside Value for a test drive. It won't cost a thing for a full 30 days, a stretch of time you can use to read through Philip's complete list of recommendations, every inch of financial advice he's offered subscribers, and the service's members-only discussion boards, too.
Whether you take me up on the offer or not, your portfolio will be much better off if you learn how to pick great investments from the ranks of the market's great companies.
This is adapted from a Shannon Zimmerman article originally published on Aug. 5, 2006. It has been updated.
Rex Moore is an analyst for Stock Advisor, and at the time of publication he owned shares of Microsoft. Microsoft is an Inside Value recommendation. You can check out the Fool's strict disclosure policy by clicking right here.