These Companies Will Get Better In a Recession

No company enjoys a recession. Sales, profits, and bonuses fall, and companies lay off employees.

But for some companies, a recession may end up being one of the best things that could happen to them.

The headlines are dire, and for good reason. But even amid all the bad news, there's a simple fact that keeps being overlooked: Certain companies will increase the value of their franchises considerably in a recession.

But it's not every company that can turn a recession to its advantage. The ones that can are leaders in their industries -- companies with strong brands, higher margins, and prudent levels of debt.

How? Three ways:

  • Competitors go out of business.
  • Companies increase their earnings per share through share repurchases or acquisitions at bargain prices.
  • Continued internal investment leads to increased market share and productivity gains.

1) Becoming king of the world
The most direct way a company can benefit from a recession is pretty simple: Competitors go bust. Best Buy will probably benefit from Circuit City's liquidation, and Bed Bath & Beyond (Nasdaq: BBBY  ) will benefit from not having Linens 'n Things as a pesky competitor.

Likewise, if any of the big three automakers go under, removal of that supply from the market should increase demand for competitors' cars. 

2) Buying up value
Share repurchases and acquisitions are another way value can be created. In a recession, asset values typically fall to historically low levels. A company with a strong cash position can scoop up its own shares or make acquisitions for very low prices.

This is beneficial because buying shares at low prices reduces shares outstanding. The same earnings over fewer shares equal higher earnings per share -- and, theoretically, a higher stock price.

For example, The Washington Post (NYSE: WPO  ) generated a mind-boggling amount of value for its shareholders in the 1970s when it (at Warren Buffett's suggestion) repurchased vast quantities of its shares at prices well below what it was worth.  

Similarly, buying a business at a depressed price can add to a company's earnings per share, and the lower prices means there is more cash for shareholders -- and all of that means benefits down the road.

That's what Berkshire Hathaway's (NYSE: BRK-B  ) MidAmerican Energy was trying to do when it agreed to buy Constellation Energy (NYSE: CEG  ) when the latter was having liquidity issues. MidAmerican agreed to buy the whole company for the bargain price of $4.7 billion, but the deal fell through when Constellation found someone willing to pay $4.5 billion for half of its nuclear power business.

Even though it didn't end up acquiring a quality asset on the cheap, Berkshire shareholders should be quite happy: MidAmerican stands to earn over $1 billion on the $1 billion it initially lent to Constellation.

Having the flexibility to invest in one's own shares and those of distressed companies can give a company quite an edge.

3) Internal investment
All businesses need to continually invest in themselves in order to improve. This is because investments in areas like research & development and productivity initiatives lead to higher sales and lower costs.

Yet, in a downturn, less-well-off companies are forced to put off these expenditures because the more pressing need is to keep the business profitable. But companies with high operating margins and strong cash flows can continue to invest in themselves when times are bad and, therefore, have opportunities to gain on their weaker competitors.

You can see this in the automotive industry. From 2002 to 2006, Toyota's (NYSE: TM  ) operating margin ranged from 7% to 10%, whereas both Ford's (NYSE: F  ) and General Motors' (NYSE: GM  ) ranged from negative 5% to 3%. Toyota's margins were higher because it invested heavily in automated production systems and lean manufacturing initiatives over many years and, as a result, was much better positioned to weather the current crisis than its American competitors.

Investing in yourself -- especially when your competitors can't -- usually leads to a payoff down the road.

Stick with the best
Even recessions can be blessings in disguise for strong, well-run businesses -- but it takes some time for these blessings to become apparent. And that's why it's important to identify now the companies that will likely enjoy these advantages going forward.

At Motley Fool Inside Value, we're on the hunt for companies that are increasing their value even in the midst of this recession. If you'd like to see what we're finding, take a free, 30-day guest pass to get all of our recommendations, including our five best ideas for new money now, as well as a discounted cash flow calculator you can use to evaluate companies on your own. Just click here to get started -- there's no obligation to subscribe.

Fool analyst Andrew Sullivan does not own any of the shares mentioned. Berkshire Hathaway, Best Buy, and Bed Bath & Beyond are Motley Fool Inside Value and Stock Advisor picks. The Motley Fool owns shares of Berkshire Hathaway, Best Buy, and Bed Bath & Beyond. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On February 15, 2009, at 2:25 PM, prginww wrote:

    FORD will get the lions share of investors when GM fails, I can't wait!

    After Chpater 11 for GM, we will write some new chapters in the US Automotive world, ones where Big Blue is dominant!

    I believe Tuesday morning will be the best price we ever see for Ford.

    May your Dow never Jones!

  • Report this Comment On February 22, 2009, at 3:44 AM, prginww wrote:

    This said nothing-zip.

  • Report this Comment On February 28, 2009, at 2:41 AM, prginww wrote:

    Based on the past weeks, the stock market has been a place for the guys to rally & show their frustration towards "Robin Hood".So, no matter what stocks u thinking of..forget it....

    Ultimately, do you know who's the real fools? Ha..Ha..

    Real fools are the one who plunge their own economy to zero together with the $787 billion stimulus plan. Why?

    They'll be slapping their own face caused it opens up the opportunities & competition to the "third" world to buy all the "CHEAP" US Companies..Arabi, China, Kuwait & maybe Iran, Iraq etc...

    Based on the recent news, US companies are selling off thier valuable assets (technologies, bank etc) in order to pull through the crisis & who are they selling to? Make a guess....AIG went to China, Singapore etc selling off their stakes..Another is selling their US technologies or commodities caused they're ridden by billions of dollars debt....At the end of the crisis, what will the US companies who once holds the supremacy in technologies, banking etc become? "Zero" is my answer...

    Who the losers? The real losers are the next generation facing the real US....

    There's a old chinese teaching:

    "To break one chopstick is easy..

    To break a bunch of chopstick, is difficult"

    To the real fools, WATCH OUT!!! Ha..Ha...

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