Recs

8

The Case for Insurance-Based Investments

"Buy term and invest the rest." That's the mantra among many experts who see term insurance as the only smart way to protect yourself and your family.

The unfortunate thing, however, is that insurance-based investments have a lot of untapped potential. Tax laws favor them, and if you need life insurance anyway, attaching investments to a policy can have some real benefits. But just as it took discount brokers like Charles Schwab (Nasdaq: SCHW  ) and TD Ameritrade (Nasdaq: AMTD  ) to take advantage of deregulation in the financial industry and challenge the expensive commission structures of big-ticket brokers like Morgan Stanley (NYSE: MS  ) and Citigroup's (NYSE: C  ) Smith Barney, it will take a new generation of "discount" insurance companies to wrest control of the profitable insurance market away from the big players, such as Prudential (NYSE: PRU  ) and MetLife (NYSE: MET  ) .

The perfect insurance investment
Insurance policies enjoy benefits that many standard investments lack. Earnings within a policy grow tax-deferred, and death benefits paid to beneficiaries aren't subject to income tax at all. Some states provide limited protection from creditors' claims for insurance policies, meaning that they can be used for asset protection strategies. In addition, the federal student aid form excludes the value of life insurance policies from your assets when determining financial aid eligibility.

With these benefits in mind, we can create the perfect insurance investment. It would have the following characteristics:

  • Life insurance coverage at the same cost as equivalent term policies;
  • Access to low-cost investment options across the full range of asset classes and subclasses, with depth of choices similar to those offered by mutual funds;
  • Loan options that give policyholders access to their money at no cost, since it's the policyholder's own money that's being used for the loan;
  • Minimal administrative fees and associated costs; and
  • Cash values that rise in proportion to the premiums you put in, without holdbacks for sales commissions or surrender charges.

In theory, there's nothing difficult about creating a life insurance investment vehicle like this. In reality, though, nothing currently available comes close to this ideal.

Falling short
Unfortunately, you just can't find insurance-based investments at a reasonable cost. The closest you'll get is in the variable annuity realm, where traditional discounters like Vanguard and Fidelity have offerings that cost around 0.25% more than comparable mutual funds. That's well below the average charge for mortality and expenses of about 1.2%.

Variable life insurance carries even more costs. One variable policy I looked at carried monthly administrative charges of $35 and mortality and expense charges of 0.9% for the first 10 years the policy is in force, and it charged an extra 2% for policy loans during those first 10 years. Another firm, in its 412-page prospectus, reveals monthly fees of $30 and up, 1% extra for policy loans, and 0.45% in mortality and expense charges. And in neither case do those numbers include the expenses charged by the respective investment subaccounts, which in one case ranged from 0.37% to 1.29% more.

Wait for the new model
Just as brokerage firms had to adapt to new conditions in the financial services industry, so too will life insurance companies eventually have to offer more competitive products. Although a patchwork of state regulations makes it difficult for insurance companies to evolve quickly, once customers realize how much of their money goes toward unnecessary sales and support costs, the ensuing revolt will leave insurers no choice but to create more beneficial products.

Of course, there's no guarantee that existing insurance companies will be the innovators in this arena. After all, you can still pay big commissions at some brokerage houses, so there will always be a place for high-commission life insurance. Until permanent insurance comes with a reasonable price tag, however, most people will be better served by sticking with term.

For more on getting the most from your insurance, find out:

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Read/Post Comments (2) | Recommend This Article (8)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On September 06, 2008, at 9:24 AM, VVCMark1 wrote:

    The product has existed for almost 20 years, but until recently has only been available to corporations and banks as an investment alternative. Since 2002 the product has been available through employer-facilitators to white-collar employees whose compensation ranks them in the top 35% of all employees or earn $95,000 or more. Not available in the retail marketplace, but available to mid-upper income white-collar employees as an investment alternative. The differentiation is because this is a separately managed risk pool than retail priced life insurance.

    Key features of institutionally-priced life insurance are:

    Gurarnateed issue at rates that are cheaper than medically issued retail life insurance.

    Lower separate account fund expenses than found in retail shares or retail VUL separate accounts.

    No surrender charges.

    Surrender refunds of expenses resulting in initial cash surrender value equating to 100% of premium.

    Insurance protection is kept at the legislative minimum.

    The result is comparable or greater cash from day one than investing in the same funds in the retail taxable markerplace plus life insurance protection ... effectively at $0 incremental cost.

    Often offered as a Roth alternative ... comparable cash accumulation plus the added benefit of life insurance protection.

    So, the product is available. Not an "executive benefit" but available to all employees that meet the institutional risk pool underwriting requirements, $40,000 minimum compensation.

  • Report this Comment On March 07, 2011, at 7:52 PM, VVCMark1 wrote:

    As an update ... Since 1/1/2010 through The STAR Plan featuring ILI, individuals performing white-collar roles in the workplace and earning $50,000+ can access this insurance based investment alternative. No employer "sponsor" required.

    Take care - Mark

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Dan Caplinger has been a contract writer for the Motley Fool since 2006. As the Fool's Director of Investment Planning, Dan oversees much of the personal-finance and investment-planning content published daily on Fool.com. With a background as an estate-planning attorney and independent financial consultant, Dan's articles are based on more than 20 years of experience from all angles of the financial world.

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