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Why Retirees Still Need Stocks

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Throughout the nation, investors are moving their money from stocks to bonds. Yet for retirees, who might feel the most justified in reducing their risk levels, relying on an all-bond portfolio is basically the same thing as giving up hope of having a secure retirement.

Vanishing withdrawals
The big problem retirees are facing is reduction of investment income. At current rates, short-term investments like savings accounts and CDs with maturities shorter than a year often pay 1% or less. Even if you're willing to commit to locking up your money for a longer period of time, Treasury rates of 2.5% for 10-year bonds aren't going to make you rich.

In fact, as much as this low-income environment has wreaked havoc on retirees' finances in recent months, the consequences could be even more extreme in the long run. The reason has to do with what it takes to preserve your nest egg throughout your retirement.

Adios to the 4% rule
One rule of thumb many retirees follow is known as the 4% rule. The idea behind it is that you should plan to take out about 4% of your initial retirement nest egg annually, adjusted for inflation after the first year of retirement. If you do so, then based on historical returns for stocks, bonds, and other investments that make up a typical asset allocation strategy, your nest egg should be able to last for 30 years or more without running out of money.

But if you lock in returns of 2.5% or less for the majority of your money, as many bond buyers are doing right now, then taking out 4% every year is going to be an obvious problem, as you have to start invading principal from day 1. For instance, during the first year of retirement with a $1 million portfolio, withdrawing 4%, or $40,000, while only earning 2.5%, or $25,000, leaves you with a $15,000 shortfall. And as inflation slowly raises the amount of your withdrawals, that $25,000 in income creates even more severe shortfalls. Over time, even rich retirees could run out of money much more quickly than they expect if the low bond returns they accept today are less than their withdrawal rate.

Making a better mix
Unfortunately, there aren't a lot of fixed-income alternatives to produce more cash flow right now. Many corporate bonds pay well over 4%, and if you're comfortable taking on some default risk, then adding corporate bonds to the mix may help you build a more viable long-term fixed-income component to your portfolio.

Nevertheless, even corporate bonds can't give you the key advantage of stocks: the ability to grow. Even though inflation is under control right now, you can't count on that staying true; and more importantly, many retirees face rising prices on health care that the official CPI doesn't fully reflect. To get the growth you need, stocks that can both pay you income and grow are essential to your success.

With those dual goals in mind, I looked for stocks that both pay current dividends of more than 4% and have maintained a history of raising dividends at an annual rate of 5% or more over the past five years. The following stocks were among the two dozen or so candidates I found within the S&P 500:

Stock

Current Yield

Annual Dividend Growth Rate Since 2005

Hudson City Bancorp (Nasdaq: HCBK  )

5.2%

19.8%

CenterPoint Energy (NYSE: CNP  )

5.3%

10.4%

Exelon (NYSE: EXC  )

5.2%

6.9%

CenturyLink (NYSE: CTL  )

8.0%

64.7%

PPL (NYSE: PPL  )

5.2%

9.8%

Cincinnati Financial (Nasdaq: CINF  )

6.0%

7.4%

FirstEnergy (NYSE: FE  )

6.0%

6.4%

Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard and Poor's.

You'll definitely want to do further research on these stocks and others like them before you consider adding them to your retirement portfolio. Yet while stocks do have far greater risk than bonds, these stocks at least give you hope that your nest egg will be able to keep up with your retirement costs well into the future.

Stick with stocks
Nothing would make most retirees happier than to be able to stick all their money in the bank and be assured it would last the rest of their lives. But if you're like most retirees and have more modest savings set aside, keeping some of your money in stocks is your best chance to stretch your money as far as it will go.

Lots of retirees need a raise right now. John Rosevear shows you three more stocks to boost your income.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger wonders why so many government-hating investors buy its bonds. He doesn't own shares of the companies mentioned above. The Fool owns shares of Exelon, which is a Motley Fool Inside Value recommendation. Try any of our Foolish newsletters today, free for 30 days. The Fool's disclosure policy is there when you need it.


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Dan Caplinger
TMFGalagan

Dan Caplinger has been a contract writer for the Motley Fool since 2006. As the Fool's Director of Investment Planning, Dan oversees much of the personal-finance and investment-planning content published daily on Fool.com. With a background as an estate-planning attorney and independent financial consultant, Dan's articles are based on more than 20 years of experience from all angles of the financial world.

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Related Tickers

9/19/2014 4:03 PM
CNP $24.06 Down -0.16 -0.66%
CenterPoint Energy… CAPS Rating: ***
CTL $40.75 Up +0.23 +0.57%
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EXC $34.41 Up +0.63 +1.87%
Exelon CAPS Rating: ****
FE $34.62 Up +0.32 +0.93%
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HCBK $10.23 Up +0.06 +0.59%
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PPL $33.64 Up +0.36 +1.08%
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