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Today is the day when Netflix (NASDAQ: NFLX  ) redefines streaming history.

House of Cards begins streaming exclusively through Netflix worldwide. Given the show's $100 million budget covering 26 episodes through two seasons, there's a lot riding on its success.

An interesting wrinkle is that Netflix is making all 13 episodes of the first season available at the same time.

"Binge viewing" is what the company calls it.

Folks like to watch an episode and then move on to the next one if there's time. The original Netflix was known primarily for its movies on DVD, but the streaming service has become a popular place for TV buffs to catch up on prior seasons of television shows.

Cynics call Netflix "rerun TV" because it typically refuses to pay up for current seasons, but that also appears to be by design. Offering current episodes would find Netflix playing a game of "managed dissatisfaction" that CEO Reed Hastings doesn't want to play.

Not ready for prime-time player
Managed dissatisfaction?

"The traditional entertainment ecosystem is built on it, and it's a totally artificial concept," Hastings tells GQ. "The point of managed dissatisfaction is waiting. You're supposed to wait for your show that comes on Wednesday at 8 p.m., wait for the new season, see all the ads everywhere for the new season, talk to your friends at the office about how excited you are."

Netflix is willing to bet that viewers prefer to go at their own pace, and we'll find out soon enough.

This isn't the first time that the leading video service goes this route. Netflix offered up the entire Lilyhammer season when it became the company's first original show last year. However, this is House of Cards. This is Kevin Spacey as the lead and David Fincher at the directing helm. This is the first time that any streaming service has exclusive access to the kind of show that would be huge for HBO or Showtime.

If viewers don't like it, Netflix will be ready with Eli Roth's Hemlock Grove come April 19 and the long overdue fourth season to Fox's cult hit Arrested Development a month after that.

However, is Netflix missing out on the merits of managed dissatisfaction when the hits come? Will it ever have its Lady Sybil moment?

Shared experiences
Fans of Downton Abbey were thrown for a loop this past weekend. Something tragic happened to a key character, and since nearly every stateside viewer pretty much experienced it at the same time, they were able to discuss it at work, on Twitter, and through Facebook.

Hastings is no stranger to the power of Facebook. He sits on the board! He knows the magnetism of the website that draws more than a billion active users every month. He has even used the platform to break some news of his own. Naturally, there's already a Facebook page for House of Cards, but what will happen when the spoilers get posted? What will happen as some viewers run through the entire season this weekend?

There will never be a "Who shot J.R.?" moment if everyone is consuming a show at their own pace.

Yes, we live in the era of TiVo. The DVR pioneer has transformed the way we take in entertainment. There's no point in taking 30 minutes to watch a 22-minute sitcom when recording it through TiVo and blazing through the ads is a better use of time.

However, Netflix isn't simply birthing the TiVo-zation of streaming with its quick release strategy. The company is denying itself a captive audience that it can string along for 13 weeks -- or three months as paying subscribers -- just in time to hand the members over to its next original show.

Hastings is right. It's silly that we hang to a prime-time slot week after week, but there's also something to be said about the momentum that builds when everyone at the office is bookmarked at the same point of a story arc. Cliffhangers exist because they're effective.

How many folks taking advantage of free trials to consume the entire season before cancelling will it take to make Netflix reverse on this decision?

There isn't an answer to that question, because Hastings is pretty sure that he's right. And, outside of Qwikster, his track record of staying a step ahead of what consumers want is pretty remarkable.

DVDs by mail were slow to catch on. When Netflix began streaming in 2007, it was also ahead of its time. Splitting up its pricing between DVDs and streaming was also a move that was blasted at the time, but Hastings was merely cutting off the dead weight that DVD rentals were becoming.

It was easy to argue that Netflix was turning its back on optical discs too soon, but how's that been panning out for the fading players these days? Dish Network is closing another 300 Blockbuster stores, and when Redbox parent Coinstar reports its holiday quarter results next week, analysts are bracing for a 27% decline in profitability.

Yes, it seems as if Netflix should be milking its $100 million investment better. Cracking open the cage to release all of the birds at once doesn't make sense. However, isn't this the first step in viewer realization of Hastings' "managed dissatisfaction" theory?

Once they experience television this way, will they be able to view traditional broadcasts that are dispensed in weekly teaspoons the same way?

Hastings is at the helm of a new revolution, and it's about to hit consumers like a house of cards.

Arrest this development
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Read/Post Comments (5) | Recommend This Article (1)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On February 01, 2013, at 5:15 PM, johnwpalmer wrote:

    I think Hasting has hit it out of the park with this one. My wife and I typically buy a season of our favorite show on DVD and enjoy a marathon of watching back to back episodes. I am willing to bet that a lot of America will like this kind of TV viewing once they experience it. I'm long NFLX.

  • Report this Comment On February 01, 2013, at 5:39 PM, Thurston3 wrote:

    I like the column.

    The beauty of the answer (to to the question "what if they're wrong") is that they can simply stop doing it.

    They have so much more flexibility than broadcast and cable.

    It's funny, I found myself "evolving" in my patterns. I used to "binge" view like a kid at a bar who just turned 21.

    For example, I would highly anticipate the show Lost each season. As soon as it did, my wife and I would watch the entire season over a weekend like a couple of junkies.

    I would then be bummed out when we were finished because I would have to wait a year for the next release of the DVDs.

    I did the same thing with Walking Dead among a few other shows carried by Netflix.

    NOW - With the shows that I REALLY like, Walking Dead as an example, it came out on Netflix a couple months ago and I deliberately have put off even starting it so that I won't have such a long wait when I do go on the binge.

    I have about 200 titles in my queu between movies, tv series and my favorite - documentaries. At this point I can better pace myself.

    Perhaps others will adjust similarly as their queu's grow.

    Scott Ryan


  • Report this Comment On February 01, 2013, at 6:06 PM, Borbality wrote:

    Didn't the same thing happen with that "Lillyhammer" show with the guy from the E Street Band? The show wasn't that great, so it wasn't a big deal.

  • Report this Comment On February 01, 2013, at 6:13 PM, Thurston3 wrote:

    Lillyhammer was awesome. I binge viewed that one too. What a unique show that was.

  • Report this Comment On February 03, 2013, at 2:45 AM, AceInMySleeve wrote:

    "Hastings is at the helm of a new revolution, and it's about to hit consumers like a house of cards."

    lol Rick, that doesn't even make sense.

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