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Look Out Above -- Netflix, Inc.'s Content Costs Are Rising Faster Than Ever

Netflix (NASDAQ: NFLX  ) has had no trouble adding to its global subscriber base in the last two years. It has recovered strongly from the "Qwikster" debacle of 2011, growing from 25.6 million global subscribers in mid-2011 to more than 44 million by the end of last year.

However, despite rapid revenue and subscriber growth, Netflix's earnings power still has not recovered to pre-Qwikster levels. (The company posted its best-ever quarterly EPS of $1.26 in Q2 2011.) Netflix should be able to retake that level in 2014 or 2015, but its long-term earnings growth potential is not quite as great as bulls project.

Netflix's revenue has soared since 2011, but profits haven't fully recovered yet.

Rising content costs are the key factor that has prevented Netflix from turning its rapid revenue growth into big profits. Moreover, the company's recent annual report provides further evidence that content costs will continue soaring higher, keeping earnings well below a level that could support Netflix's $400-plus stock price.

Content costs rising
Netflix's recently released annual report details the rise in content costs for 2013. In the domestic streaming business, "cost of revenues" rose by $290 million, or 19%. This alone offset more than half of the segment's revenue growth.

Netflix attributed $226 million of that increase to higher content licensing costs. The remaining $64 million increase was the result of higher costs for things such as content delivery, payment processing, and customer call centers.

Content costs rose even more quickly outside the U.S., as Netflix has more work to do to build up its content library in international markets. In 2013, "cost of revenues" skyrocketed by $299 million -- or 63% -- for the international streaming segment. $272 million of that increase went to content licensing.

Revenue growth is not enough
Globally, Netflix's streaming revenue rose by nearly $1 billion in 2013 compared to 2012. This was an impressive result, but about $500 million of that went to cover increasing content costs. Meanwhile, other "contribution costs" such as content delivery, payment processing, and marketing increased by about $125 million, other expenses rose by more than $100 million, and DVD profits declined by about $100 million.

When all was said and done, the big increase in content costs -- along with smaller cost increases in other areas -- meant that Netflix grew its adjusted net income by a little more than $100 million last year. That looks very impressive next to the company's paltry 2012 net income of $17 million.

However, Netflix's market cap is now roughly $25 billion. Even if Netflix continues growing adjusted net income at the same rate through the end of the decade (about $110 million per year, on average), net income would still be less than $1 billion in 2020.

It seems clear that investors have higher hopes than that for Netflix. If Netflix's net income is still below $1 billion in 2020, the stock would need to trade for nearly 30 times earnings (well above the market average) just for the stock to stay at $400. For Netflix stock to beat the market, it will need much more earnings growth by then.

Content costs will continue rising
The continued rise in content costs will make that difficult. Netflix has stated in its "long-term view" that it plans to spend nearly $3 billion on content in 2014. It's not possible to compare that directly to 2013 content costs. However, Netflix's streaming "cost of revenues" totaled $2.62 billion last year, and that also includes things like content delivery costs and payment processing costs.

If content costs represent 85% to 90% of the streaming "cost of revenues," Netflix spent between $2.23 billion and $2.36 billion on streaming content last year. The guidance therefore suggests that content cost growth will exceed last year's $500 million figure in 2014.

Netflix's cash outlays will be even higher: The company already has $2.97 billion in content commitments for 2014. That does not include payments for content for which Netflix does not know the exact price yet, and it obviously does not include any content that Netflix might add (or renew) during the course of 2014.

Cash content costs are running ahead of "accounting" costs primarily due to the nature of original programming, which requires more up-front investment. However, in the long run, cash costs and accounting costs always converge. High cash content costs in 2014 are a signal that content cost increases will continue flowing through to Netflix's income statement in future years.

Foolish conclusion
Netflix is on a roll. The company added more than 11 million subscribers last year, and adjusted net income soared from just $17 million to nearly $130 million. However, as impressive as that result was, Netflix will need to take earnings growth to a whole new level to justify its $400 price tag.

Rapid growth in content costs will prevent Netflix from achieving sufficient earnings growth to drive the stock higher. Even if Netflix continues to grow earnings by around $110 million a year through the end of the decade -- boosting EPS nearly seven-fold in the process -- it still wouldn't be enough to move the stock much.

Netflix bulls have to hope that content cost growth tails off before the company starts saturating the domestic market. However, the recent experience of major cable and satellite operators shows that even when you've saturated the market, content providers will continue looking for big raises. As a result, I continue to think the downside risk far outweighs any upside for Netflix stock.

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Read/Post Comments (6) | Recommend This Article (1)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On February 09, 2014, at 12:41 AM, kankemike wrote:

    Hope you just cover and don't own retail, auto & retail stocks

  • Report this Comment On February 09, 2014, at 2:04 AM, glenns45 wrote:

    If i could own only one stock for the long term it would be Disney, not Netflix or Apple.

  • Report this Comment On February 09, 2014, at 9:43 PM, AceInMySleeve wrote:

    You should assume that the bare min profits for Netflix are higher than HBO. HBO has no advantage.

  • Report this Comment On February 12, 2014, at 1:00 PM, ashhonfoolish wrote:

    If would be daunting task to maintain the growth which Netflix had last year. It would be foolish disposition to expect Netflix will keep on adding 10 million customers every year for next 10 years which analysts give as an argument to justify price of $400. It is as unlikely as thinking Fed will keep on buying $65B debt every month for next 10 years. Europe especially France are very restrictive markets.

    Netflix does not have a real backbone to deliver the contents. It rides on network providers that can increase prices for high speed streaming any time. Apple is building its own very high speed network which if Apple decides to provide whatever Netflix is today; will pose a big blow to Netflix growth. Amazon has better contents library then Netflix. If Amazon decides to push this part of its business as a main business, it will corner Netflix in few days. HBO is running its business at more than 30% net margin compared to 5% of Netflix because HBO has got its own contents. If HBO makes one announcement that it will stream the movies & shows @5.00 a month (which they can easily afford), share price of Netflix probably crash to $300 in a week. Don't talk about new players which may pop up as buying the contents & delivering the same is not technologically restrictive.

    Netflix added $400 M to its debt recently @ more than 5% cost (reason : low interest rate) & said it may not need it. I doubt the prudence of mgt of Netflix..why they shouldn't add 400 employees even they don't need for the same reason?. Money on the shelf does not earn money.

    McDonald's sales fell for 3 months straight (China sales could cover that lost sales to a good extent though). Can we think that people will eat less & watch movies more?

    The only things which is positive to the overpriced Netflix is relatively less floating stock. If 10 big investors decided not to sell it no matter what, it will not fall. Imagine what will happen if they choose to think other way round? Less floating stock is easier to manipulate.

  • Report this Comment On February 14, 2014, at 1:43 AM, AceInMySleeve wrote:

    Growing at ten million or more sub's for a decade is exactly what they will do.

  • Report this Comment On February 14, 2014, at 9:12 AM, TMFGemHunter wrote:

    The absolute growth in subscribers depends heavily on the pace of international expansion. 40 million more domestic subs would already get Netflix right into the middle of what management considers the long-term addressable market.

    That leaves 60M+ that need to come from international markets. Definitely possible if Netflix enters enough markets, but the flip side is that Netflix int'l will constantly have a high proportion of maturing markets and will therefore remain a low margin enterprise.

    I expect global content and delivery costs to reach at least $15 billion ten years from now, and possibly higher depending on the pace of international expansion. The flip side of eventually getting 70% of your revenue outside the U.S. is spending 70% of your content budget outside the U.S.


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Adam Levine-Weinberg

Adam Levine-Weinberg is a senior Industrials/Consumer Goods specialist with The Motley Fool. He is an avid stock-market watcher and a value investor at heart. He primarily covers airline, auto, retail, and tech stocks. Follow him on Twitter for the latest news and commentary on the airline industry!

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