Long-Term Unemployment Trend for Older Workers Is Terrifying

Despite having a lower jobless rate than other age groups, older Americans often face permanent unemployment after a layoff

Apr 6, 2014 at 2:00PM

Help
Source: Flickr / Andreas Klinke Johannsen.

Even as the national unemployment rate has remained elevated compared to its pre-financial-crisis level, workers aged 55 years and older have enjoyed a much lower rate of joblessness when compared with younger Americans.

Unfortunately, this scenario is a double-edged sword. While many employees of the baby boomer generation lucky enough to have secure jobs are continuing to work, often past the traditional retirement age of 65, those who lose their jobs during midlife are not so lucky. Many of these workers are now faced with becoming a special subset of the long-term unemployed: the permanently jobless.

A desperate situation
Being out of work for 27 consecutive weeks will earn you the moniker "long-term unemployed", but for older workers, the situation is more dire. While many younger workers experience loss of employment for about 34 weeks, those over 55 suffer joblessness for an average of 45 weeks.

Why are things so very tough for the older crowd? A few theories exist, all of which have some merit. Some point to age discrimination, noting that complaints filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission have shot up markedly since the onset of the financial crisis. Others note that employers doubt older workers' ability to catch up with workplace technology, or worry that their skills have become too rusty overall.

Another issue is the job search itself. As the authors of a recent Brookings Institution study on long-term unemployment point out, when the longtime unemployed do achieve reemployment, it is generally in the same type of occupation from which he or she was originally laid off. Since the financial crisis, there has been a disconnect between the number of vacancies and the people yearning to fill them – with the latter outnumbering the former. This would also account for the increasing numbers of older workers forced to return to the workforce in low-paying jobs when their job search yields nothing in their field.

Hanging on for dear life
At the same time that so many boomers are experiencing a job drought, others are planning to work well past age 65 due to financial constraints, some brought about by the financial crisis. Those who lost retirement savings, or even their homes, are now clinging to their existing jobs in order to put food on the table. Many of these workers are experiencing health problems, and are extremely stressed.

A recent Gallup poll shows that financial concerns are the likeliest reason for older workers to say that they plan to work past age 65 – with the respondents feeling the least confident about their situation saying that they don't expect to retire until age 73.

Is the problem of the long-term unemployed – particularly those 55 and older – solvable? As long as there are too many people chasing too few vacancies, it seems unlikely. The sunniest scenario, according to Alan Krueger, one of authors of the study for the Brookings Institution, is a robust economic recovery. But even so, Krueger admits, many of the chronic jobless are simply going to be left behind.

Take advantage of this little-known tax "loophole"
Recent tax increases have affected nearly every American taxpayer. But with the right planning, you can take steps to take control of your taxes and potentially even lower your tax bill. In our brand-new special report "The IRS Is Daring You to Make This Investment Now!," you'll learn about the simple strategy to take advantage of a little-known IRS rule. Don't miss out on advice that could help you cut taxes for decades to come. Click here to learn more.

Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Money to your ears - A great FREE investing resource for you

The best way to get your regular dose of market and money insights is our suite of free podcasts ... what we like to think of as “binge-worthy finance.”

Feb 1, 2016 at 5:03PM

Whether we're in the midst of earnings season or riding out the market's lulls, you want to know the best strategies for your money.

And you'll want to go beyond the hype of screaming TV personalities, fear-mongering ads, and "analysis" from people who might have your email address ... but no track record of success.

In short, you want a voice of reason you can count on.

A 2015 Business Insider article titled, "11 websites to bookmark if you want to get rich," rated The Motley Fool as the #1 place online to get smarter about investing.

And one of the easiest, most enjoyable, most valuable ways to get your regular dose of market and money insights is our suite of free podcasts ... what we like to think of as "binge-worthy finance."

Whether you make it part of your daily commute or you save up and listen to a handful of episodes for your 50-mile bike rides or long soaks in a bubble bath (or both!), the podcasts make sense of your money.

And unlike so many who want to make the subjects of personal finance and investing complicated and scary, our podcasts are clear, insightful, and (yes, it's true) fun.

Our free suite of podcasts

Motley Fool Money features a team of our analysts discussing the week's top business and investing stories, interviews, and an inside look at the stocks on our radar. The show is also heard weekly on dozens of radio stations across the country.

The hosts of Motley Fool Answers challenge the conventional wisdom on life's biggest financial issues to reveal what you really need to know to make smart money moves.

David Gardner, co-founder of The Motley Fool, is among the most respected and trusted sources on investing. And he's the host of Rule Breaker Investing, in which he shares his insights into today's most innovative and disruptive companies ... and how to profit from them.

Market Foolery is our daily look at stocks in the news, as well as the top business and investing stories.

And Industry Focus offers a deeper dive into a specific industry and the stories making headlines. Healthcare, technology, energy, consumer goods, and other industries take turns in the spotlight.

They're all informative, entertaining, and eminently listenable. Rule Breaker Investing and Answers are timeless, so it's worth going back to and listening from the very start; the other three are focused more on today's events, so listen to the most recent first.

All are available for free at www.fool.com/podcasts.

If you're looking for a friendly voice ... with great advice on how to make the most of your money ... from a business with a lengthy track record of success ... in clear, compelling language ... I encourage you to give a listen to our free podcasts.

Head to www.fool.com/podcasts, give them a spin, and you can subscribe there (at iTunes, Stitcher, or our other partners) if you want to receive them regularly.

It's money to your ears.

 


Compare Brokers