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Warren Buffett Bought Verizon Communications Inc: Has He Lost His Mind?

When it was revealed that investing guru Warren Buffett bought nearly 11 million shares of Verizon  (NYSE: VZ  ) , the result was a proverbial head-scratch. What did he see in this low-growth telephone company -- enough so to put $530 million to work in it?

Before we begin, it's important to reiterate that Warren Buffett is considered the foremost value investor. What is he seeing that the market isn't in this seeming debt-bloated, stodgy telecom that's averaged only 2.8% top-line growth postrecession (2009) and that's recently issued nearly 1.3 billion shares? Is Warren crazy? Yes, like a fox.

About that debt ...
As it's been reported, and reported again, Verizon sold $49 billion of bonds in the largest corporate debt offering ever in September at an average yield to maturity of approximately 5%. This move increased its debt-to-equity ratio to nearly 15 -- a figure that should give most CFOs heartburn.

So, you have an investment that is struggling to match inflation with top-line growth, balance-sheet-busting debt issuance, and on top of that it's watering down shareholders too. What gives Warren?

A little history on Verizon
Before we begin, it is important to understand that Verizon Communications is a parent company with multiple lines of business in the broadband and telecommunications space. Those lines of business include wireless, residential and small business service, and enterprise services. But the crown jewel of Verizon Communications is Verizon Wireless -- but it didn't even own that business entirely.

In early 2000, Verizon Communications started as a merger between Bell Atlantic and GTE, but prior to this Vodafone (NASDAQ: VOD  ) and Bell Atlantic had a joint venture to establish a wireless company. The end result was the start of Verizon Wireless -- 55% owned by Verizon Communications and 45% owned by Vodafone.

Suffice to say, the communications landscape was much different then and this joint venture quickly turned into a windfall for Vodafone at the expense of Verizon Communications and its shareholders.

Here's why Warren's right
Just to show how big of a windfall this is, Verizon Communications reported $12 billion in minority earnings on its last 10-K. For reference, its total net income (ex-minority earnings) was $11.5 billion. The majority of that $12 billion is going directly to Vodafone -- and not to Verizon Communications shareholders. As a hypothetical, if Verizon had no minority interests the company would have reported $8.19 per share in earnings.

Of course, this doesn't work in a vacuum. Vodafone needs remuneration for that investment. And, you got it, that's exactly why Verizon Communications issued both debt and stock.

The best way to determine these effects on Verizon's income statement is to adjust the income statement to reflect these changes. So as an apples to apples, ceteris paribus comparison, let's look at an appended 2013 income statement both on an actual and pro forma basis considering Verizon owns its wireless segment entirely.

Line Item Verizon Actual Verizon (pro forma)
Net Income to Company $23,547 $21,534*
Net Income to Non-Controlling ($12,050) ($2,250)**
Net Income $11,497 $19,284
Weighted Average Shares 2,866 4,140***
Net Income Per Share $4.01 $4.66

Source: 10K, pro forma author's calculations, units in millions
*Deducted new interest income, net of taxes. **Author's Calculation ***Included new share issuance

So it appears that Verizon will increase their earnings around 16% from the switch, although these figures do include an estimate of net income to noncontrolling pro forma. For comparison, Verizon's management seems a little less sanguine on the prospects, stating "the transaction is immediately accretive to Verizon's earnings by approximately 10%, excluding any non-operational adjustments." Either way, not bad for a company only trading at a price-to-earnings ratio of 11.

Now, about that top-line growth ...
The last issue is one of revenue growth. Although investors ultimately pay for earnings, and we've just covered how Verizon immediately improved them, we'd all like to see a company improving their top line as well. What's Verizon going to do in the face of other wireless carriers like T-Mobile and Sprint waging aggressive price wars? Listening to the analyst chatter, one would assume there is a race to the bottom in terms of cell phone contract pricing that will only get worse if the FCC allows T-Mobile and Sprint to merge. It's a simple story, but it isn't true.

If Sprint and T-Mobile are cleared for a merger, the end result is an oligopoly -- a market defined by a few major players. Typically, oligopolies are characterized by inflexible pricing and collusive pricing arrangements -- the exact opposite of what the Street assumes.

In addition, savvy investors should keep an eye on what happens in the net neutrality space. Aside from the tit for tat Netflix is having with Verizon, many have already forgotten that Netflix is paying Verizon for faster speed. If further decisions are made to weaken net neutrality, look for more websites to pay Verizon for faster delivery.

Final Foolish thoughts
Time after time, Warren Buffett has outperformed the Street by applying a simple fundamental approach: buy great companies at a discount. Once again, he's found a jewel in Verizon and investors would be wise to look into this dividend-paying value play. As for me, as soon as trading rules allow I'm putting my money to work with Warren in this investment.

Another Buffett Gem: Warren Buffett just bought nearly 9 million shares of this company
Imagine a company that rents a very specific and valuable piece of machinery for $41,000 per hour (That's almost as much as the average American makes in a year!). And Warren Buffett is so confident in this company's can't-live-without-it business model, he just loaded up on 8.8 million shares. An exclusive, brand-new Motley Fool report details this company that already has over 50% market share. Just click HERE to discover more about this industry-leading stock... and join Buffett in his quest for a veritable landslide of profits!

Read/Post Comments (6) | Recommend This Article (17)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On June 13, 2014, at 3:03 PM, SonyaWiley wrote:

    Mr. Buffett,

    The greatest investor of all times:

    I going to run right out and purchase some shares,

    Have you lost your mind? that's the question?

  • Report this Comment On June 13, 2014, at 3:11 PM, TMFJCar wrote:


    Not quite sure I get your underlying theme but thanks for reading! Let me know if you have any issues.

  • Report this Comment On June 14, 2014, at 1:10 AM, thejmurphy wrote:

    nobody seems to realize... when Warren Buffet does ANYTHING people just follow suit... this raise the stock price by itself.... Motley fool sucks!

  • Report this Comment On June 14, 2014, at 3:03 AM, TMFJCar wrote:

    Hi thejmurphy,

    First, Buffett has two Ts (sorry, pet peeve). I actually agree that having a noted investor reveal he owns a stock can put upward pressure on the price in the short term (Carl Icahn and Apple is a great example). But over the long run (and we're long-term investors), the company's operations is what sets it apart.

    Also, Buffett's average price for Verizon is close to its current price ($530/11 = $48.18) so that's not entirely accurate in this case.

    As far as your final comment goes, thanks for reading!

    TMFJCar -- the author.

  • Report this Comment On June 14, 2014, at 9:06 PM, yost28 wrote:

    This deal doesn't smell like Buffett at all. Considering the size of the investment I think it might be his successors at Berkshire trying their hand.

  • Report this Comment On June 16, 2014, at 6:20 AM, Gr1234 wrote:

    I've owned VZ for years and I don't know if the growth potential has actually improved, but it has always payed a great dividend.

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Jamal Carnette

After working at The Motley Fool, Jamal Carnette decided to try his hand at writing for a change. You can find him writing about technology, consumer goods, sports, and pontificating on any competitive advantage. His previous jobs include Mortgage Trainer, Financial Advisor, and Stockbroker. Jamal graduated from George Mason University with a bachelors of science in finance and is a CFA Level III candidate. Follow me for tech trends, info on consumer brands, and sports banter.

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