Will This Obamacare Change Make Things Better or Worse?

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The New Year brings plenty of changes with it, including new tax laws, a new set of resolutions, and of course, the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.

As of Jan. 1, U.S. citizens are required by law to have health insurance or face a penalty when they file their taxes equal to the greater of $95 or 1% of their income. This actionable component of the PPACA, known as the individual mandate, will deliver increasing penalties each year through 2016, after which the penalties will increase in unison with the rate of inflation.

Initial signs from the first two weeks of Obamacare's implementation demonstrate that things are working fairly well. Last week we noted that there hasn't been a major surge in preventative doctor visits, hospital visits, or prescriptions written, though practically the entire health-care industry expects this rush to occur at some point soon.'s ongoing woes
Still, the one sore point that remains is the federally run Obamacare website,

Initially,, which is responsible for operating health care exchanges in 36 of the nation's 50 states, was almost unusable for the first two months after it went live on Oct. 1. The website suffered from user overflow, a problem that was remedied with ease by the use of more servers, but also struggled mightily with IT-source code issues.

Things have certainly improved since early December, when the trio of Oracle, Red Hat, and Google were brought in to assist in the tech surge to get working for a majority of Americans.

However, problems still are being swept under the rug -- for example, those encountered when adding a baby to a family's health insurance plan. Under the old system, you'd simply tell your health insurance company you had a child and they'd add the child to your plan. Under the new system, you have to contact the government and notify them of your major life change, a process that could entail quite a wait before the baby is added to your health insurance plan.

These ongoing problems with ended up being the straw that broke the camel's back for CGI Group (NYSE: GIB  ) , the primary contractor behind

Source: Luis Villa del Campo, Flickr.

Out with the old and in with the new
Yesterday, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services announced that it would be replacing CGI Group as the primary contractor of when its contract expires, and hiring the second-largest technology-consulting company, Accenture (NYSE: ACN  ) , to take the lead.

Accenture's contract will be good for one year, and necessitates an initial payment of $45 million. Furthermore, Accenture will now take on the critical role of preparing for 2015's open enrollment period, which will begin on Nov. 15, 2014, and will include the implementation of the employer mandate on Jan. 1, 2015.

It's unclear how this move will affect UnitedHealth Group's (NYSE: UNH  ) Quality Software Services, which had been promoted to a sort of supervisory role in ensuring that's fixes were completed on schedule. While many minor fixes remain, the website is working now for a majority of Americans, likely implying that QSSI will take a back seat to Accenture's role moving forward. 

Will this change make things better or worse for Obamacare?
The removal of CGI from the lead role of Obamacare's website was a long time coming. There was no way that the CMS could leave CGI as the primary contractor after the circus of problems it dealt with over the first two months of going live. But will Accenture be the best fit moving forward for Maybe... maybe not!

On one hand, the hiring of Accenture to man the helm of makes a lot of sense. Accenture has been a trusted name in tech-consulting for as long as I can recall, and it was the lead architect behind California's state-run health exchange. That isn't to say that California's site didn't have its own set of problems when it went live on Oct. 1, but relative to many other states' sites and it has fared far better. In fact, no state has enrolled more people for Obamacare than California, proving that Accenture can handle large and complex projects.

Then again, I have to wonder what the U.S. government is thinking by going overseas and hiring Ireland-based Accenture. Although Accenture has demonstrated nothing but competence thus far, it makes little sense for the U.S. government to choose a foreign contractor for a second time to build a health exchange within the U.S. In other words, when things went wrong we called in a tech surge consisting of U.S.-based technology companies -- but when it comes time to award development contracts for, a foreign company is again chosen. Frankly, I believe it leaves little room for upside and plenty of room for weakness in Accenture's share price if things don't go well.

Ultimately, I don't expect to see a huge difference in the functionality of the Obamacare website over the next couple of months. Once we get passed the 2014 coverage cutoff date on March 31, 2014, then Accenture can begin thinking about how to improve the website for 2015 and incorporating small businesses into the fold. That's when we'll get a truer feel for whether Accenture was the right call or whether the CMS made a poor decision by looking overseas again instead of in our own backyard.

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  • Report this Comment On January 14, 2014, at 2:38 PM, jammerh wrote:

    "Accenture, the second largest technology-consulting company".

    Second-largest where? In Washington, or maybe England? (Accenture is a British company with international operations). In America? Or in the world?

    Second largest in what respect? Military, government, manufacturing, finance, healthcare?

    Second-largest, selling software...selling IT services...servicing mainframes?

    Through its CGI Federal, subsidiary which recently bought the U.S. company Stanley, it provides IT Services to many US federal agencies and departments, along with many state and provincial government agencies.

    If size is really a factor, CGI, a company with its head office in Canada, is the fifth-largest IT Services company in the world. Is there really that much difference? Seems more like a rather desperate attempt to find a scapegoat.

    CGI is a reputable company with many satisfied customers and many repeat customers more than satisfied with its work.

    Occasionally they find themselves facing a contractor with impossible expectations that continues to request changes up to the last minute, making it impossible to deliver quality services in a timely fashion.

    People really need to get all the facts before criticizing and hanging labels.

    If you don't know what went wrong, jumping to conclusions on the basis of little more than wishful thinking, and emotional overreaction only undermines your own credibility.

  • Report this Comment On January 14, 2014, at 4:05 PM, cgram7 wrote:

    Both CGI and Accenture are considered multinational corporations. Accenture is recently incorporated in Ireland (from Bermuda) but most folks are aware of its lineage to Arthur Anderson, a decidedly American company. CGI Federal traces it origins back to "American" Management Systems (AMS).

    To call either a "foreign" company is a bit disingenuous. See Chrysler/Fiat or Shell Oil/Royal Dutch Shell for other examples

    I have to agree with jammerh, most folks have no clue what went on behind the scenes or even what it takes to implement complex IT projects like this.

    There are a lot of moving parts and a lot of contractors (55 or so) working on what is the largest IT project in the history of IT projects. The CMS itself is more than a little culpable in the problems the project experienced. But since the agency can't fire itself (unfortunately) it was politically expedient to part ways with CGI.

  • Report this Comment On January 14, 2014, at 4:56 PM, roggy1717 wrote:

    The contract is with AFS, Accenture Federal Services, based in Arlington, VA. AFS is a subsidiary of Accenture. I don't understand how that's an issue. Maybe do a little more homework next time before you write an article?

  • Report this Comment On January 15, 2014, at 10:54 AM, srobal wrote:


    The contract is with Accenture Federal Services which is a U.S. based company. Do your homework.

    CGI is a Candien company how come you didn't mention that. Well, CGI Federal isn't.

    It doesn't take much research to get the facts right.

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Sean Williams

A Fool since 2010, and a graduate from UC San Diego with a B.A. in Economics, Sean specializes in the healthcare sector and in investment planning topics. You'll usually find him writing about Obamacare, marijuana, developing drugs, diagnostics, and medical devices, Social Security, taxes, or any number of other macroeconomic issues.

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