3 Reasons Sony’s PS Vita Failed

Nintendo's (NASDAQOTH: NTDOY  ) recent 70% and 20% reduction of Wii U and 3DS sales forecast for 2014 have garnered plenty of negative publicity. While it's still too early to proclaim that both the Wii U, which sold 5.5 million units, and 3DS, currently the best-selling console at 42.6 million units, are down for the count, Nintendo definitely has its work cut out for it in the coming year.

Yet gamers and investors should also note that Sony (NYSE: SNE  ) faces very similar problems with its handheld console, the maligned PS Vita, which has only sold 7.4 million units since its market launch in December 2011.

The PS Vita was Sony's enormously disappointing follow-up to the PSP, which launched in 2004 and went on to sell a whopping 80.7 million units worldwide.

(Source: Playstation.com)

Therefore, let's put Sony under the microscope and discuss three major reasons that the PS Vita, which was Sony's golden opportunity to dent Nintendo's dominance of handhelds, was such an utter failure.

1. No killer games

The biggest problem with the PS Vita was that there simply weren't any games that made the console an essential purchase. To see where it all went wrong, let's take a look at the top five best-selling games for the PSP and PS Vita:


PSP Title

Units Sold

PS Vita Title

Units Sold


Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories

7.57 million

Uncharted: Golden Abyss

1.12 million


Monster Hunter Freedom Unite

5.41 million

Assassin's Creed III: Liberation

0.90 million


Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories

4.91 million

Call of Duty Black Ops: Declassified

0.88 million


Monster Hunter Freedom 3

4.87 million

LittleBigPlanet PS Vita

0.65 million



4.12 million

Persona 4: The Golden

0.60 million

Source: Vgchartz.com

Considering that Take-Two's (NASDAQ: TTWO  ) Grand Theft Auto and Capcom's Monster Hunter games were so popular with PSP owners, Sony should have taken steps to guarantee the release of new PS Vita titles as well.

Monster Hunter Freedom Unite -- hasn't received a follow-up title for the PS Vita yet. (Source: Generation-nt.com)

Take-Two hasn't released any new Grand Theft Auto titles for either the 3DS or PS Vita, but Capcom went on to release Monster Hunter 3 and Monster Hunter 4 (in Japan) for the 3DS instead.

PS Vita owners will finally get their first Monster Hunter game, Monster Hunter: Frontier G, later this year, long after its initial release for Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT  ) Windows, the Xbox 360, the PS3, and the Wii.

Instead of offering GTA or Monster Hunter to PS Vita owners, Sony has relied on trickle-down, spin-off titles of triple A franchises such as Uncharted, Assassin's Creed, and Call of Duty. The problem is that fans of those franchises favor large-screen gaming experiences over the shorter handheld adventures.

Therefore, Sony's neglect of GTA and Monster Hunter gave Nintendo, which already had a rich library of first-party titles, a massive advantage in the handheld console market.

2. More powerful but less appealing hardware

Nintendo convinced consumers to purchase the 3DS for one major reason -- it offered new chapters of its flagship franchises in stereoscopic 3D, a unique experience that couldn't be replicated by other devices.

The PS Vita, on the other hand, was a more powerful PSP with a touch screen, camera, and motion sensors. It was also much beefier than the 3DS in terms of raw processing power, graphics abilities, and memory:


PS Vita

3DS family


2GHz quad core, ARM Cortex – A9 chip

1GHz dual core ARM11 CPU chip


SGX543MP4+ GPU more than 133 million polys/sec

PICA-200 GPU approx 15.3 million polys/sec



128 MB RAM

Source: Nowgamer.com

Although the PS Vita could even run PS3-engine games like Killzone: Mercenary, Sony failed to capitalize on that raw hardware advantage over the 3DS with must-own titles.

Killzone: Mercenary showcases the graphical horsepower of the PS Vita. (Source: Playstation.com)

Meanwhile, Nintendo continues dominating the handheld market because it understands that handheld gamers, much like mobile gamers, prefer bite-sized, casual games rather than bloated titles with home console-like graphics. When compared side by side, the 3DS, with its two screens and stereoscopic 3D, is arguably a more impressive device than the PS Vita, which simply appears to be a larger PSP.

With a less attractive software library and fewer show-stopping features, the PS Vita's higher price tag simply wasn't justified.

The PS Vita debuted at a price of $299/$249 (3G/WiFi), which was slashed to $249/$199 in August 2013 in a late bid to spur demand. By comparison, Nintendo's 3DS debuted at $249, but now only costs $130 (2DS), $170 (3DS), or $200 (3D XL).

3. Sony keeps shooting itself in the foot while blaming the rise of mobile gaming

To make matters worse, Sony repeatedly upset customers with its confusing, unfulfilled promises for the Vita.

The most grievous offense was the cancellation of the PSP Passport program for North American gamers in February 2012. The PSP Passport would have allowed gamers to download their UMD PSP games onto the PS Vita for a small fee, thus making the system more fully backwards compatible. As a result, the North American PS Vita is only backwards compatible with titles originally downloaded from the PSP Store.

Cross-Play, Sony's system of allowing the PS Vita to interact with the PS3, was once touted as a revolutionary leap in second-screen gaming, but has only been implemented effectively in a handful of titles.

To further confuse consumers, Sony rolled out Remote Play, another feature, which allowed gamers to mirror a console game onto their handheld screen with the TV turned off, similar to Nintendo's Wii U. These features haven't gained much traction because they are considered superfluous by many consumers.

Lastly, rather than own up to the real mistakes that caused the PS Vita's failure -- the loss of third-party support, the higher price, the less appealing hardware features, and the lack of full backwards compatibility -- Sony has tried to sweep the PS Vita under the rug.

To cover up its problems with the PS Vita, Sony groups the console's sales together with the PSP during quarterly earnings reports. When discussing the PS Vita's failure, Sony's response is always the same -- the rise of mobile games on Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL  ) iOS and Google (NASDAQ: GOOGL  ) Android smartphones and tablets have made life tough for handheld consoles.

While smartphones and tablets have gained importance as gaming devices, I noted in a previous article that Nintendo's 3DS occupies another market entirely. In fact, sales of 3DS games soared 45% year-over-year in 2013 -- indicating that the 3DS, and not mobile devices, is the primary cause of the Vita's decline.

The road ahead

Looking ahead, things look grim for the PS Vita. There's some hope that the PS Vita will find a niche as a Cross-Play or Remote Play device for the PS4, but I wouldn't hold my breath -- Sony has already sold 4.6 million PS4 units in two months, compared to the paltry 7.4 million PS Vita units that were sold over the past two years. In a year, there could easily be more than double the number of PS4s than PS Vitas on the market.

There are two faint glimmers of hope on the horizon, however. A worldwide release of the PS Vita Slim, currently available in Asia, could help win over new customers with its lighter frame and price tag of $190. Meanwhile, the PS Vita TV, a device that streams the handheld's display to a TV, could appeal to customers who want to play PS Vita games on a larger screen.

What do you think, fellow readers and gamers? Does Sony's PS Vita still have a chance of surviving, or is it doomed to fade away and be remembered as the company's last foray into portable gaming? Please share your thoughts in the comments section below!

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Read/Post Comments (9) | Recommend This Article (2)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

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  • Report this Comment On January 28, 2014, at 11:41 AM, speculawyer wrote:

    No, it is really is the rise of smartphones. Why buy a mobile gaming system when you already carry around an iPhone or Samsung S4? Granted, the smartphones are not good game platforms, but you can listen to music, browse the web, call people, read books, watch movies, and play simple games.

  • Report this Comment On January 28, 2014, at 12:59 PM, asmcint wrote:

    @speculawyer: If you'd paid attention to the article, you would know that the sales figures of the 3DS disprove that. Furthermore, the PS Vita would be selling much better if Sony had kept their promises regarding it.

  • Report this Comment On January 28, 2014, at 1:26 PM, R1NCEW1ND wrote:

    I agree that it has more to do with broken promises and overstated abilities than the games. If the sales would have been made, game devs would have taken notice and would have been developing games for it. Yes, it was expensive and that did also provide a stumbling block Those that did purchase early on were not shy about telling everyone they knew that it fell short.

    The early commercial even shows the user playing on their console and picking up their Vita and walking down the street without interruption to their active game. That clearly was never going to happen over a 3G cell connection. Or is there some magic wifi world out there that I am unaware of?

    Funnily enough, I only ended up with one when I mentioned that I thought they looked like a pretty cool upgrade from the PSP (which I already own 2 of) and someone bought it for me for Christmas. I didn't have the heart to tell her I really would have liked to have gotten a kayak instead!

    Seriously, I thought it should have had cell phone capabilities which would have made it much more usable since I use a bluetooth headset most of the time with my smartphone anyway (without a headset of some type, it would be an awkward phone). Making a new slimmer, lightweight version is insanity. I'd rather play with my Vers 1 PSP that is heavier and thicker, which means feels more solid, then my Vers 3 which feels like it's bending in my hands. I imagine the same thing with a slimmer, lighter Vita.

  • Report this Comment On January 29, 2014, at 6:28 AM, mugenjohncel wrote:

    All of you are wrong... including this article! The "REAL" reason Playstation Vita failed is...

    NO ONE CAN PIRATE GAMES FOR IT! OK so you can but it takes a lot of tweaking and risks that might brick your Vita but yes, unlike the PSP where Pirating games is as easy as downloading a Justin Bieber song, PSP Vita really is made to from the ground up to make piracy difficult.

    Other excuses are superfluous...

  • Report this Comment On January 29, 2014, at 8:01 AM, McSniperliger wrote:

    Sony should have just kept the PSP. Those things sold fairly well and there was a ton of great games for it during its run.

  • Report this Comment On January 29, 2014, at 1:52 PM, speculawyer wrote:

    The 3DS is a different market . . . it is more of a kiddie toy and kids don't have smartphones. And even Nintendo handheld sales are lower than the used to be with previous generations.

  • Report this Comment On January 29, 2014, at 4:14 PM, ewro wrote:

    Personally I love the Vita, it has a huge library of games. Most people don't realize Vita works with PSP games, PS One games, of course Vita games and PS minis.

    And it's killer app is PS4. Being able to remotely play PS4 is amazing. The only thing holding Vita back is the cost, it's expensive because you aren't buying a phone contract that subsidizes the cost.

  • Report this Comment On February 13, 2014, at 3:46 PM, randomguy567 wrote:

    i like these guys who have never played a psvita in theie life then sit around and insult it.

  • Report this Comment On February 13, 2014, at 3:46 PM, randomguy567 wrote:

    they are all a bunch of idiots....also the 3ds sucks and all it has is little kid games...must be why he brags it up so much...loser.

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