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Aquestive Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ:AQST)
Q3 2020 Earnings Call
Nov 05, 2020, 8:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Q3 2020 Aquestive Therapeutics Inc. earnings conference call. [Operator instructions] I would now like to hand the conference over to your speaker today, Stephanie Carrington, Westwood, investor relations. Thank you.

Please go ahead, ma'am.

Stephanie Carrington -- Westwood, Investor Relations

Thank you, operator. Good morning and welcome to today's call. I'm joined by Keith Kendall, president and chief executive officer, and John Maxwell, chief financial officer, who will be providing an overview of recent business developments and performance of the company in the thrid quarter. We expect today's call to last approximately 60 minutes.

The company's remarks today correspond with the earnings release that was issued after market closed yesterday. In addition, a recording of today's call will be made available on Aquestive's website within the Investor section at least following the conclusion of this call. This call will also include a discussion of certain non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation to corresponding GAAP measures can be found in yesterday's earnings release.

Before we begin, let me remind you that today's call will include forward-looking statements based on the company's current expectations. These statements reflect the company's judgment as of today only and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in these statements. The company undertakes no obligation to revise or update these forward-looking statements in light of new information or future events except as required by law. These risks and uncertainties are discussed in greater detail on the company's quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed today in greater detail under the caption risk factors.

With that, I will now turn the line over to Keith.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Stephanie, and thank you to everyone on the call for joining us this morning. In our remarks, John and I will provide an update on our business for the third quarter and as always, we'll be joined by additional members of the Aquestive leadership team during the Q&A session afterwards. During the third quarter, Aquestive continued to make progress as it relates to the key drivers of value for the company. First, Sympazan continues to perform against all important metrics despite the ongoing COVID-19 related restrictions on face-to-face interactions with healthcare providers.

We're continuing to market Sympazan for the same prescriber base that are potential prescribers of our product candidate Livervant. Sympazan retails shipment volume grew 18%, third quarter over second quarter. Next, as previously announced, the company is taking steps to address the issues raised in the FDA's complete response letter that we received in September regarding our new drug application for Livervant. After submitting a meeting package to the FDA in October, we received confirmation that the FDA agreed to have a Type A meeting with us set for November 12, 2020.

A Type A Meeting, as you know, is granted for candidates drugs on hold to discussing pending issues and a path forward for approval. We look forward to meeting with the FDA to discuss the information we submitted and to seek feedback on the resubmission of our NDA for Libervant. We believe that we've provided a strong set of facts supporting our NDA. We will update the market once minutes of the meeting are finalized regarding the FDA's comments, our plans for resubmitting our NDA, and the potential range of PDUFA dates for Libervant.

Additionally in the quarter we commenced the Phase 1 pharmacokinetic trial for AQST 108, in August and completed trial enrollment in October. This therapeutic candidate is a first-of-its-kind oral sublingual film formulation delivering systemic epinephrine. Once we receive and analyze all of the data from this trial, we'll provide further guidance on the next stages of development as appropriate for this product. We believe AQST 108, if approved, will be the first orally administered epinephrine based rescue medication for this patient population.

Finally, the AQST 15 entered into a monetization agreement with Marathon Asset Management, a leading global investment firm, for up to $125 million for the anticipated royalties associated with Sunovian's, KYNMOBI sublingual epinephrine product that received FDA approval in May 2020. This transaction, along with our continued expense and capital management activities, will provide a capital runway for the company through the third quarter of 2021 and potentially beyond. Now let's discuss in more detail each of these key areas of focus for the company. First, we remain focused on building our CNS franchise.

We're advancing the commercialization of Sympazan, whose prescribers substantially overlap with potential prescribers of Libervant. Our aim is to raise the profile of our pharm film technology as a commercial precursor and complementary product in support of the Libervant opportunity. Sympazan continues to prove the build-out of our capabilities and processes in preparation for the commercial launch of Libervant if approved by the FDA for U.S. market access.

The acceptance of Sympazan is an important building block providing a meaningful value proposition for caregivers of patients suffering from Lennox Gastaut syndrome, as well as positioning Libervant for a stronger launch. Despite the limitations created by the continued Covid-19 crisis that restrict our sales team to mostly virtual interactions with healthcare providers, Sympazan continues to see market penetration and prescription growth. Shipment volumes sequentially quarter over quarter has grown 18% and by 130% over the same period last year. During that same period, we also continue to grow our prescriber base, which now approaches 700 healthcare providers, representing over 30% penetration into our focus group of prescribers with over 77% of those prescribers writing multiple scripts.

Those healthcare providers are critical to the continued success of Sympazan and will be critical to the success of Libervant once launched upon FDA approval for U.S. market access. Sympazan revenue grew with 102% increase in net revenue for the three-month period ended Q3 2020 versus Q3 2019. At an 86% increase in net revenue for the nine-month period ending in Q3 2020 versus 2019.

We continue to ramp up [Inaudible] acceptance and currently have over 72% of commercial lives covered and 82% coverage of State Medicaid regions. The actual third-quarter claims paid rate for commercial patients was 85% and for Medicaid 88%. We believe our position with the payers also will help us with the potential launch of Libervant. During the pandemic, we have, to the best of our ability, ensured that our sales team is safe and compliant with local regulations but have also worked hard to maintain the sales teams' connections with the prescriber and patient community that need Sympazan.

We believe that our continued growth in prescriptions and net revenue demonstrate that we've been able to continue to connect with the prescribers even virtually and grow this product through extraordinary times. Next, as we previously communicated, we received the complete response letter from the FDA for Libervant in late September. As we outlined during the previous conference call on this topic in September, we were very disappointed that our NDA was not approved, and are taking immediate action to address the agency's concerns. As you may recall, the FDA limited his comments to one out of the nine studies that Aquestive included in our NDA submission for this product.

The study in question under the CRL was the single-dose crossover PK study in 28 patients that we refer to as Study 180323. In this study, Libervant exceeded the AUC measure when compared to Diastat, was within normal comparability ranges for Cmax, and had a Tmax within the published size that label. We were quite pleased with these results. However, the FDA noted in its CRL that in this study there were two wait groups.

We have a Cmax ratio comparing Libervant to Diastat. We're not as close to comparability as the FDA would like to see. The FDA had no further comments on the study or in any of the other wait groups. No other safety clinical pharmacological, biopharmaceutics, CMC or other non-clinical issues were identified in the CRL.

As we indicated on our September 25th conference call, we intended to submit data and information to the agency quickly to attempt to resolve their questions. After submitting a meeting package to the FDA in October, we received confirmation that the FDA scheduled a Type A meeting with us set for November 12, 2020. Again a Type A meeting is granted for candidate drugs on hold to discuss impeding issues and a path forward for approval. We included in our October submission additional data and analysis to demonstrate that we had sufficient information to update our label with an adjusted dosing regimen.

We look forward to meeting with the FDA, where we will discuss the information we presented to the agency in October, attempt to confirm the pathway for approval, and propose the immediate resubmission of our NDA. If the FDA agrees with our proposal, then we plan on resubmitting the NDA before the end of the year. The review cycle for a resubmission of this type is typically six months. However, given the narrowness of the resubmission, we will request an expedited review cycle of two months as is our right.

This decision will be completely at the discretion of the FDA. Under a six-month review cycle, our targeted PDUFA action date would occur in the first half of 2021. If the FDA does not agree with our proposal, then we will seek to understand the best path forward for resubmission and approval. We will update the market regarding the FDA's comments, our plans for resubmitting our NDA, and the potential range of to do for dates for Libervant once meeting minutes are finalized.

To date, there have been no indications in our discussions with the agency relating to market access for Libervant, and we do not expect any invitation until product approvability is decided. Regarding FDA approval of U.S., market access, we believe that we have provided a strong set of facts supporting a decision by the FDA of clinical superiority to prior approved drugs for this indication based upon afinding that Libervant represents a major contribution to patient care. We will augment and update that information to the agency prior to any new PDUFA date for Libervant. Subject to FDA approval, we are committed to quickly launching Libervant and have the foundational commercial capabilities to do that.

Next, let's turn to Aquestive 108. As previously reported, the FDA granted Fast Track designation for Aquestive 108 in August 2020. Fast Track is an FDA process designed to facilitate the development and expedite the review of therapies to treat serious conditions and fulfill unmet medical needs. In doing so, the agency acknowledged that Aquestive 108 satisfies an unmet need in the patient population relating to those patients resisting taking intramuscular or subcutaneous injections.

In August, we also initiated the Phase 1 pharmacokinetic trial for this exciting product. The trial featured a four-treatment crossover design comparing the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of Aquestive 108 to two different doses of subcutaneous injection and one of intramuscular injection. The study included secondary endpoints for changes in blood pressure and heart rate. We have completed the enrollment of this study with 28 healthy volunteers dosed as of October, and are on track to QC that data in the coming weeks.

Once our review is completed, we will update everyone as appropriate regarding the results of the study and on our clinical and regulatory path forward. If approved by the agency, Aquestive 108 will be the first orally administered epinephrine based rescue medication for this patient population. Finally, as I mentioned a few moments ago, we've signed an agreement as expected with respect to the monetization of the royalties and other amounts due to company under our license agreement with Sunovian Pharmaceuticals for KYNMOBI, an apomorphine therapy using our pharm film technology for the treatment of off-episodes in Parkinson's disease patients. KYNMOBI received approval from the FDA on May 21, 2020.

The company entered a royalty monetization agreement with Marathon Asset Management that will result in proceeds for the company of up to $125 million upon meeting certain milestones. We believe the valuation of the royalties at KYNMOBI seen in this transaction reflects the strong value pharm film can bring to CNS and other disease conditions like epilepsy. Net proceeds of the transaction will fund the company's ongoing development and commercialization of its proprietary product pipeline candidates, as well as the repayment of certain senior notes and working capital to the company. We expect that this transaction will close and fund later this month.

As John will explain in more detail, we also were able to extend our senior credit facility reopeners to the end of 2021, giving us a longer opportunity to obtain a potential additional $30 million of capital linked to the PDUFA date and approval of Libervant. This financing, along with the potential access to the reopeners, provides Aquestive with immediate and substantial capital to reduce debt, support key initiatives of the company, including supporting the FDA approval of Libervant and the ongoing clinical development of Aquestive 108. We are delighted to have partnered with Marathon Asset Management and our senior credit facility lenders for this important milestone for Aquestive. Once closed, the monetization transaction will provide a capital runway for the company through the third quarter of 2021 and potentially beyond.

The $30 million of senior note reopeners assuming Libervant approval and market access, which cannot be guaranteed, provide additional capital options to fund the launch of Libervant after approval. With that, I would like to turn the floor over to John, who will provide specifics of our financial performance and outlook. John?

John Maxwell -- Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Keith. Good morning. We filed our 10-Q and issued our earnings release yesterday afternoon. As we typically do, we will tackle most of the discussion related to the third quarter of 2020 results in the Q&A.

And in my comments, I will highlight a few points from our results that are important in order to understand our updated full-year 2020 financial guidance and our progress toward it. As we previously reported, we signed a monetization agreement for the royalty rights associated with KYNMOBI providing a potential $125 million of capital over time, including $40 million later this month. Under the terms of the monetization agreement, we are entitled to receive the additional up to $85 million of future non-dilutive capital at various points beginning as early as the fourth quarter, $25 million of which could be received between now and mid-2022, assuming we can achieve the commercial targets associated with the monetization transactions. Shortly after funding of the monetization transaction, we will reduce our debt from $70 million down to $51.5 million.

This reduction is due to repaying of $22.5 million of our senior notes and issuing $4 million of new senior notes in lieu of paying a prepayment premium on the early repayment of the senior notes, bringing our net senior debt outstanding down and reducing our principal and interest obligations under the facility substantially in the future. The remaining net proceeds will be used for operations. Upon closing of the KYNMOBI monetization and the related reduction in principal and interest obligations, we will have capital visibility through Q3 of 2021 and potentially beyond. We believe this time horizon will give us the runway we need to get past the anticipated PDUFA date for Libervant in the first half of 2021.

In addition, the terms of our debt agreement were modified to extend the availability of $30 million of reopeners at the company's auction to December 31, 2021, including $10 million of funds committed by our current lenders upon the FDA's product approval of Libervant even if there is a delay in the market access decision. The second $20 million of reopener, again at the company's option, can be marketed to current or other lenders upon FDA approval of Libervant for U.S. market access. We have agreed to issue warrants to purchase up to 857,000 shares of common stock in connection with the consummation of the indenture modifications and our potential exercise of the reopener, 143,000 of which will be issued upon closing of the indenture modifications.

Moving on to our operating results and our financial guidance for the rest of 2020. Our third-quarter 2020 revenue of $8.3 million includes $1.7 million of Sympazan revenue, which is up over 100% year over year and reflects stronger prescription momentum in Q3 as compared to Q2 at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions. We are pleased with the performance of Sympazan, especially as a market precursor to Libervant, noting that we exited Q3 at an annual revenue run rate of $7 million to $8 million, which represents a 62% increase from the start of the year, despite the impact of the pandemic. We continue to drive toward Sympazan profitability in 2021.

While Suboxone remains the largest portion of our total revenue in the third quarter we do expect that the U.S. component of this revenue will continue to erode, while the non-U.S. component starting with the EU, we expect will continue to grow. We believe that ultimately our proprietary revenue base will surpass these levels in future years after the launch of Libervant if approved by the FDA for U.S.

market access. We have raised and tightened our range of our previously provided revenue guidance for 2020 to be in the range of $42 million to $46 million. This guidance factors in continued erosion of Suboxone, additional growth in Sympazan despite COVID-19 limitations, KYNMOBI revenues recognized in the second quarter and co-development fees and modest license fees and royalties. Our non-GAAP adjusted gross margin in the third quarter of 2020 was 72% in line with our guidance before considering the KYNMOBI revenues recognized in the second quarter.

And as our revenue base shifts toward our proprietary products, starting with Sympazan and away from Suboxone, we expect our adjusted gross margin will exceed 70% for the full year as we had previously guided. As outlined in the earnings release issued yesterday, our third-quarter 2020 non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA loss was $11.6 million in line with our expectations. We continue to tightly manage our expenses with overall expenses down sequentially before factoring in higher R&D driven by project timing, and we are down year over year as well. We will continue to tightly manage our cost base as we move forward while focusing our investments on getting Libervant into the market and continuing the development of AQST 108.

Before considering the impact of KYNMOBI monetization in the fourth quarter, we are raising and tightening our guidance with respect to our anticipated EBITDA loss to be in the range of $38 million to $42 million. This guidance reflects continued performance on the revenue line and continued tight management of our cost base. Cash used for operations in the third quarter was approximately $8 million, down from $10 million in the second quarter and down from the prior year third quarter of nearly $15 million. This improved cash flow reflected the capital preservation steps we have taken while still making investments in our most critical priorities, as well as the collection of the $4 million KYNMOBI milestone in this quarter.

Our $17 million cash position at quarter-end, combined with the impact of the KYNMOBI monetization, once closed as anticipated to occur in November, is expected to provide the capital necessary to advance the company through the third quarter of 2021 and potentially beyond. We are reconfirming our full-year cash burn guidance of $45 to $50 million before considering any additional contingent monetization payments that may be received in the fourth quarter. In summary, our improved guidance for 2020 reflects continued cash flow from our licensee and proprietary products revenue base, careful focus of our investments into the most value-driven aspects of our future, Libervant and AQST 108, continued focus on capital conservation so that cash is extended as far as possible, along with the impact of the KYNMOBI monetization anticipated to close in November. Operator, we will now open the line for questions.

Questions & Answers:


Operator

Thank you. [Operator instructions] Our first question comes from the line of Gary Nachman from BMO Capital Markets. Your line is now open.

Gary Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hi, guys. Good morning. First, on Libervant, describe the reanalysis you did in the data you submitted to FDA that you reviewed at the Type A meeting, and why you're confident you won't need additional clinical studies there. And then when will you get the minutes from the FDA, Keith or Dan? Is it 30 days later just so we should have the right expectation on when we'll get an update on next steps.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure, Gary. Thanks for joining us this morning, and thanks for your questions. I'll turn it over to Dan and let him walk you through the answer to both of those. OK?

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Good morning, Gary. We've done exactly what we said we would do back in September. We have updated our dosing regimen based on the FDA's CRL. We have supported that update in the dosing regimen based on the nine studies that we have completed and the linearity that we find in those nine studies, and we've provided a robust package utilizing population PK modeling to support why the existing studies are sufficient based on the totality of the data we've created to date.

In terms of the minutes, the typical turnaround time for the FDA is 30 days but we'll see how -- that's completely in their hands and we'll see how long they take.

Gary Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

OK. And probably sticking with you, Dan, the Phase 1 PK trial for 108, how many different doses did you look at for 108? And what are you looking for when you analyze the data to help determine next steps? And could you potentially go straight to a Phase 3 on this one?

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Yes, I don't see -- In my -- I don't see the need for a Phase 3 -- a true Phase 3 for this program. We think PK is absolutely the pathway and we have a broad depth of PK data across healthy volunteers, patients, in a variety of conditions, so I don't see that as a probable outcome. The dosing regimen update we have done in the two weight categories -- just to frame everyone, as Gary said. The study in question is Study 180323 and in that study there are two weight groups that the comparison to Diastat in only those two weight groups was not where the FDA wanted it to be.

In both of those weight groups, we have updated our dosing table by 2.5 milligrams. In doing that, because of the linearity of our product, we believe we will cure the deficiency noted by the FDA, so that we think we have a very strong position. We're excited for the meeting next week, and we'll advise out of that meeting, what the conversation with the FDA, what the content of the meeting with the FDA looked like.

Gary Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Did you -- but on 108 specifically the different doses that you're looking at there versus the IM and the sub-Q?

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

I'm sorry, are you talking about?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

He's talking about epinephrine, how you compare them.

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

OK. Yes -- no, my apologies, Gary. I thought you were still on Libervant. I apparently didn't have enough coffee this morning.

Yes, on AQST 108, we're really excited to see the data that comes through in the study that we're just about to complete. Could we go directly into a Phase 3? It is possible. I think we want to understand what the data looks like, understand what the next steps would be in terms of the possibilities of this program. I think the exciting thing in this space is that we have a lot of different pathways to potential different indications, which allows for a very broad platform almost program initiative for us.

So, we'll see where the results take us. We'll also seek the FDA's feedback and we'll keep you updated as we know more.

Gary Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

OK. Thanks for that. And then just last one for Keith, if Sympazan is starting to accelerate, which it sounds like, it begs the question if you should put some more resources behind it maybe before you have the Libervant's approval, especially now that you'll have additional funds from KYNMOBI. So, just what are your thoughts on building out your commercial infrastructure before Libervant? Thanks.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

That's a great question, Gary and I think that that's a very insightful question, right. We're -- we believe with the current course and speed, we're on track for Sympazan to be profitable next year as a stand-alone product. Obviously, as the penetration in that focused prescriber base continues to grow, the justification for additional resources is a lot easier to make, as is whether they'd be sales or medical affairs type of people. Obviously, you all know that we believe that Sympazan is a very important precursor to Liberant.

So, I think you will see some increase in those resources based on its success and growth and based on our ability. While we're trying to resolve visibility on the risk around Libervant, you'll see us judiciously adding resources to help support that product and continue for it to grow.

Gary Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

OK. Great. Thanks.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Randall Stanicky from RBC Capital Markets. Your line is now open.

Unknown speaker

Hey, guys. It's Edwin on for Randall. Thanks for taking my questions. Just a couple from us.

The first on Libervant. I know you're going to request a two-month review. Can you just talk about what needs to happen for this to be two months versus the traditional six-month review? Thanks.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks for joining, Edwin. I'm going to let Dan field that question for you.

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Yes, that's a really -- but my response is really basic on that one, the FDA has to agree. So, the nature of the questions they had in the CRL are clinical, and our update is a clinical update because of the dosing regimen, which ties to a six-month review. As we said before and as Keith framed in his comments, we will request a two-month review because we believe, especially if the FDA is supportive of the dosing regimen to be submitted to them, we believe the changes are narrow to the NDA that was previously submitted. So, we will request a two-month review but that is completely at the discretion of the FDA.

Unknown speaker

Great. Thank you. Then my next one, a second one on Libervant, just one more, obviously so dependents have been meeting, but how are you guys thinking about the different ways this could play out and how this would impact the filing timing? Thanks.

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Yes, so we -- the package we submitted in our approach to curing the deficiency in the CRL, it's built on the conversations we were having in September. So, the exciting thing for us next week of this will be a continuation, in our view, of where we left off prior to the CRL. So, we think we have a very good case before us. I don't want to overly speculate about the possibilities of any feedback we may get from the FDA because we simply don't have it yet, but we're excited for the meeting.

We think we have a very good case and we're looking forward to the conversation.

Unknown speaker

Thanks. And then my last one on the guidance raised in the revenue implies a range of $3 million to $7 million in 4Q, just wanted to ask about a little bit of details and some of the factors that drove that change and how we should be thinking about that, versus where implied 4Q is with respect to consensus, and that's all from us. Thanks.

John Maxwell -- Chief Financial Officer

Sure, Edwin. Good morning. So, as you know, we don't guide on the pieces of the -- or the components of the revenue, nor do we guide on the quarter. But as you look at the pieces of revenue, what you should see is that Sympazan will continue to be strong and grow certainly on the prescriber and the penetration front, we expect that, and then the revenue we would expect to follow.

We'll continue to see the Suboxone product will erode over time, and we will see a little bit of that erosion, possibly because it's just timing of manufacturing activity in the fourth quarter. And then the rest of it, the smaller pieces of revenue there around license and royalty and co-development are going to be relatively small in the quarter.

Unknown speaker

Thanks. I appreciate it.

John Maxwell -- Chief Financial Officer

Sure.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Andreas Argyrides from Wedbush. Your line is now open.

Andreas Argyrides -- Wedbush Securities -- Analyst

Good morning.

John Maxwell -- Chief Financial Officer

Good morning, Andreas.

Andreas Argyrides -- Wedbush Securities -- Analyst

Good morning, guys. Thanks for taking my question. Congrats on the quarter. I guess, I'm going to follow-on some questions already asked and answered.

But as far as Libervant's concerned, how is the process with the FDA impacted the pediatric or the timing of the pediatric studies? Are we going to get top-line data anytime soon?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Go ahead, Dan.

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Thank you for the question. So, we have the pediatric data now and we're able to submit that when we feel it's appropriate. In our minds, the right time to do that is once we have adjudicated the current submission that we have. So, we will resubmit with the NDA that we have.

And when we have approval on that NDA, we will follow on with the pediatric portion of the NDA.

Andreas Argyrides -- Wedbush Securities -- Analyst

OK. In regards to -- let's look at the other pipeline assets there. The opportunity for [Inaudible] and ALS, how are -- are you guys actively looking for a U.S. partner?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes, we continue to have conversations with potential U.S. partners. We do believe that product will get partnered in the U.S. and we'll continue to work until we get to that point.

Andreas Argyrides -- Wedbush Securities -- Analyst

What would a potential partnership look like, if you can provide any color on that?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Go ahead, Dan.

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Well, there are several parties in the U.S. that we think would be good fits for [Inaudible]. We're in discussions -- in fairly advanced discussions on a couple of cases. And what it would look like would be fairly typical, it would be -- we would expect an upfront and we would expect a transfer price in royalties for access and supply of the product.

Andreas Argyrides -- Wedbush Securities -- Analyst

OK. That's it from me guys. I appreciate you taking the questions. Congrats again.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Thomas Flaten from Lake Street Capital. Your line is now open.

Thomas Flaten -- Lake Street Capital -- Analyst

Good morning. Thanks for taking the questions. Just kind of a strange question, you made reference to the 108 data and the need to assess the validity and quality of that data. Can you -- I've not heard that turn of phrase with respect to clinical data before, but what is it about the validity and quality that's up for question or is it just the way you decided to phrase it?

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Thomas, I think you're going back to the moment where I thought Gary was talking about study 180323 rather than AQST 108. So, on AQST 108, which is epinephrine, we are excited to see the data that comes out of our pilot study. We will analyze it, so there is nothing we know of right now that would question the validity or quality of the data coming out of our epinephrine study. We're excited to see it.

Once we've had a chance to analyze it and absorb it, we will of course come back to all of you and talk about it at the right level of detail.

Thomas Flaten -- Lake Street Capital -- Analyst

Got it. And then on Sympazan, the number of physicians who are writing multiple scripts, how has that trended over time? If you can just remind us what that looks like. I'm trying to get how entrenched the product is becoming within the larger and -- larger component of your prescriber base.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

I'm sorry, Thomas. Can you repeat the question? I'm not sure I followed it.

Thomas Flaten -- Lake Street Capital -- Analyst

Sure. You made mention of I think it was 77% of your prescribers have written multiple prescriptions. The question is how has that trended over time and is that within the quarter, or is that just over -- since launch? I'm trying to understand how entrenched the product is becoming within that prescriber base, how many of them are repeat prescribers versus one and done prescribers?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure. Ken, are you on the phone?

Ken Marshall -- Senior Vice President Chief Commercial Officer

Yes, Keith. I am.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Do you want to respond to that question?

Ken Marshall -- Senior Vice President Chief Commercial Officer

Yes, absolutely. Thanks for the question, Thomas. This is Ken Marshall. It's been relatively stable over time.

We've been adding anywhere from seven to ten physicians on a weekly basis. Those are the ones that have written once and you have to kind of set them aside. If you look at the bulk of that -- of the physicians, it's now well over 700. Keith quoted a number.

That's a couple of weeks old. If you look at our data through the 16th of this month, it's now well over 700. And as Keith stated, I think you said 77% of physicians have written more than one, and that's been a fairly consistent number as our base of prescribers have extended.

Thomas Flaten -- Lake Street Capital -- Analyst

Got it. That's helpful. And then just one for John. John, there was a pretty steep drop-off in the SG&A spending for the third quarter, does that reflect a new baseline or was there something specific that happened in the third quarter within SG&A?

John Maxwell -- Chief Financial Officer

We, look -- Thomas, as you know, we continue to really carefully manage our spending as part of our overall capital preservation strategy to extend our runway and we'll continue to push that down. You will have fluctuations quarter to quarter, depending upon the activity levels, so I don't think there was anything unusual there other than it may have been -- there was nothing unusual in terms of activity. So it was relatively low baseline. But we will [Inaudible] manage it going forward.

Thomas Flaten -- Lake Street Capital -- Analyst

Got it. Thanks for taking the questions, guys.

John Maxwell -- Chief Financial Officer

Sure.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Jason Butler from JMP Securities. Your line is now open. [Operator instructions] Our next question goes to Raghuram Selvaraju from H.C.

Wainwright, your line is now open.

Unknown speaker

Good morning. This is Maz on for Raghuram. I was wondering if you're able to provide any precedent from your previous trial experience in general for dose adjustment being the successful strategy to achieve the drug exposure you're looking for. And could the variable PK profile explained by body physiology, the weight groups in question?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure. Dan?

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Sure. As you know, we have broad experience in pharmacokinetic studies. I don't have another program I would point to in the correspondence back and forth with the FDA, but I would say that in the PK world, adjusting and coming up with a dosing regimen based on your PK results as well as the linearity or lack of variability in the results you have created is a fairly normal course of business. I think I would imagine you've seen that as well.

In terms of the weight groups in the physiology creating differences in results, I would say that that would be -- it would be a little speculative of us to go to that depth. I would say this on the Diastat side in all the weight groups, no matter what dose we gave under what study, we saw high variability. We do know that the reference product, the ROD in this case, Diastat is highly variable. And when you are working with a highly variable drug as your ROD, it can create some difficulties on comparability.

So, we think we saw that in 108323 and we're excited to have the conversation with the FDA with our adjusted dosing regimen.

Unknown speaker

Thank you very much for that clarity.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Jason Butler from JMP Securities. Your line is now open.

Unknown speaker

Hi, it's Roy in for Jason. Can you guys hear me?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Roy.

Unknown speaker

Sorry about that early. Yes, we had a couple of questions on epinephrine 108. First question is where do you guys think there's going to be the early adopters? Is it going to get used by ENTs, healthcare providers first then expand more broadly or do you think it will be a true epipen alternative from the get-go? And then what are we going to see from the top-line data later this year? Are we going to see C-max, T-max, AUC? Are you guys going to give qualitative characterizations?

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Go ahead.

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Yes. So, we've provided the -- I'll start with the study design. We've provided an outline of what the study design looks like. So we, of course, would like the opportunity to see the data and work through it before we know exactly what we'll be providing to you.

But our intent would be to provide you with as much clarity as we can on where we are and where we're going and what it means. In terms of the marketing of the product, we see a variety of ways in which the product can be used. We -- I would point more to the need in the market than exactly where it will place the product at this stage in development. If you look at the overall allergy market, there are approximately 30 million Americans who have some level of Of allergy issues that could lead to anaphylaxis while the amount who actually carry EpiPen is a fraction of that.

So, we know that there is a big gap between people who are carrying an EpiPen and people who perhaps should be carrying an EpiPen, and we think an oral product could be placed into that particular unmet need in a lot of different ways. And between Keith, myself, and Ken, as time goes on, we will be defining that for all of you.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes, we, as we've committed once we get the data from this study and we're able to analyze it and plan a path forward and begin to interact with the FDA around it, we planned a full R&D Day for discussion of the program. We'll talk about some of the market characteristics that we see, where we think it can be placed in the market, as well as talk about the product, its engineering and the test results at a level of detail that people will be comfortable with.

Unknown speaker

OK. Great. And then on Sympazan, we've seen pretty good growth there, good represcribing rates continue. Can you characterize a little bit the feedback you're getting from the field? How does it compare to your expectations? And then, what level of in-person interactions you guys are having and how do you see that going forward if COVID resurges as it seems to be? Thanks.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure. I mean the -- and I'll turn it over to Ken to give a little bit more color than I can provide. I think a couple of things. First, obviously, a product like this in the market it's in for the patients that it is targeted for, and the caregivers who care for them and prescribe to them, this is very promotion sensitive.

So, the ability to have face to fair interactions with the prescribers is important to us, as our growth rates quarter over quarter and year over year have shown. I think we've also demonstrated that even during the worst of the times when there was zero face-to-face contact at the height of the COVID restrictions we were still able to grow the product, which speaks to the level of depth and relationship that our sales group has developed with the prescribers. And we think that's along with the payer performance up to this point are very important, not only contributors to the growth of Sympazan, but precursors to the launch and success of Libervant when and if it's approved, right. Ken, maybe you can provide some more color on the feedback you're getting and precisely how sensitive it is to the face-to-face interactions.

Ken Marshall -- Senior Vice President Chief Commercial Officer

OK. Thanks, Keith. Yes, we look at that fairly, fairly closely in a lot of detail on a weekly basis, and we seem to be flattening out right about now about 60%, 40% -- 60% live, 40% virtual with caregivers. You're also seeing, as Keith mentioned the success rate and moving prescriptions is increasing because we've become more comfortable in a virtual world, and clearly our healthcare practitioners have. So, both sides are really starting to understand how to more effectively communicate in this manner.

We're happy with the way that's moving. If you look at our ability to access their staff, which is key, their MPs and PAs are very important in any transition that's made from a tablet or a crushed tablet protocol or a liquid protocol to our strips. We've got a 70-30 ratio there. That's 70% of those discussions happen live versus 30% virtual.

Both are in a good place. It's a good question. It would be a speculative answer on how that might change in a world where you see some level of rebound. Regardless, I think we'll do better -- regardless of how people behave if there is a rebound in COVID, we'll do better than we did back in that late Q1 early Q2 time frame where everybody was trying to figure it out.

There is a much clearer path. And qualitatively, what seems to be driving the uptake in Sympazan is just a very clear patient profile that we're now able to paint for physicians. They use a lot of close-end, there is a lot of close-end used, and they look for those patients where we might be a more appropriate delivery platform. And those are turning out to be as you would expect, those that have a little bit of difficulty swallowing, those on G tubes that want to take something orally where they can swallow in the normal course of just along their saliva, those on Ketogenic diet.

We have virtually zero carbs, which is a very important consideration. There are a lot of carbs in the liquid Sympazan and actually quite a few carbs in the tablets, and the media that you usually end of crushing it in. So, examples, a very clear patient type that physicians can look for in their practice and use Sympazan.

Unknown speaker

Great. Very helpful. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. At this time, I'm showing no further questions. I would like to turn the call back over to Keith Kendall for closing remarks.

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, operator. Thank you, everyone, as always for your interest in Aquestive and for joining us for the call today. We appreciate your time. We look forward to continuing to move along all of the elements we think drive value for the company and continuing to push those projects and those events forward as we expect and as we commit to all of you in these calls.

And we've got some updates that we will make at the appropriate time on Libervant and epinephrine, and we look forward to those as well. So thank you all for joining and we look forward to talking to you all soon. Have a great day.

Operator

[Operator signoff]

Duration: 53 minutes

Call participants:

Stephanie Carrington -- Westwood, Investor Relations

Keith Kendall -- President and Chief Executive Officer

John Maxwell -- Chief Financial Officer

Gary Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Dan Barber -- Chief Operating Officer

Unknown speaker

Andreas Argyrides -- Wedbush Securities -- Analyst

Thomas Flaten -- Lake Street Capital -- Analyst

Ken Marshall -- Senior Vice President Chief Commercial Officer

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