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The Chemours Company (NYSE:CC)
Q1 2021 Earnings Call
May 4, 2021, 8:30 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good day, and thank you for standing by. Welcome to The Chemours Company's First Quarter 2021 Earnings Call. [Operator Instructions] After the speaker's presentation, there will be a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to hand the conference over to your speaker today, Jonathan Lock, VP, Corporate Development and Investor Relations. Please go ahead, sir.

Jonathan Lock -- Vice President Corporate Development and Investor Relations

Good morning, and welcome to The Chemours Company's first quarter 2021 earnings conference call. I'm joined today by Mark Vergnano, President and Chief Executive Officer; Mark Newman, Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer; and Sameer Ralhan, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.

Before we start, I'd like to remind you that comments made on this call, as well as the supplemental information provided in our presentation and on our website, contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including the impact of COVID-19 on our business and operation and the other risks and uncertainties described in the documents Chemours has filed with the SEC. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events that may not be realized. Actual results may differ and Chemours undertakes no duty to update any forward-looking statements as a result of future developments or new information.

During the course of this call, management will refer to certain non-GAAP financial measures that we believe are useful to investors evaluating the company's performance. A reconciliation of non-GAAP terms and adjustments are included in our release and at the end of this presentation.

With that, I'll turn the call over to our CEO, Mark Vergnano, who will review the highlights from the first quarter. Mark?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Jonathan, and thank you, everyone, for joining us today. I'll begin my commentary with the first quarter highlights on chart 3. It is hard to believe, but it is now been more than one full year since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Throughout that time, I've continually been impressed by the company's focus on our North Star, the safety of our people and their families, while supporting our customers and the communities in which we operate. That bedrock commitment has allowed us to serve our customers safely and respond quickly as the recovery has gained momentum. I would like to recognize the efforts of our entire global employee base over what has been a difficult period. Your focus, diligence and resilience is truly amazing.

Looking at the Q1 results, demand remained strong as the world moved through what we hope are the final few months of the pandemic. Net sales rose 10% to $1.4 billion with adjusted EBITDA up 4% to $268 million despite weather challenges we encountered in the quarter. In our Titanium Technologies segment, we continue to see a rising tide of coatings, plastics and laminate demand into the second quarter. Contractor and renovation and remodel demand have been strong thus far in 2021, building on the strong DIY momentum from 2020. Our customers continue to see the value proposition of our long-term ADA contracts, and we continue to add new customers across all segments to the TVS family.

In our Thermal & Specialized Solutions segment demand for Opteon remained strong despite constrained automotive build rates. We continue to see Opteon blend adoption in stationary applications and growth in the automotive aftermarket. In the U.S., we expect the EPA to implement a framework to transition to lower global warming refrigerants under the MVAC later this year and believe a unified global transition toward HFO technology is under way.

Demand in our Advanced Performance Materials segment has rebounded strongly across the majority of our end markets. Q1 was a solid proof point in our ability to increase margins across the portfolio in APM as demand normalizes. Commercial activity across most end markets has been robust at supply chains restock and overall demand has increased, creating tightening supply conditions around the world. In addition, we continue to make progress against our key growth programs in semicon, 5G and the hydrogen economy.

While demand has been strong across the board, Winter Storm Uri affected our profitability in the quarter. Our concentration of operating assets in the Southern U.S. region has affected results across all our segments, with the largest impact in our TSS segment with two key plant sites in Texas. Sameer and Mark will discuss this in more detail, but I am proud of the way our teams quickly responded to minimize the impact on our people, facilities and customers.

Looking ahead, we continue to gain confidence in our outlook despite the winter storm headwinds of the first quarter. As a result, we are raising our 2021 full-year guidance by $100 million on both the low and high end of the range. We now project full-year adjusted EBITDA of between $1.1 billion and $1.25 billion. We also are raising our free cash flow guidance by $100 million to greater than $450 million. Mark Newman will take you through our higher guidance targets later in the presentation.

Moving beyond financials, In March, we announced a strategic review of our Mining Solutions business. As you all know, we have significantly improved the performance of our Chemical Solutions segment since spin. Investing behind the most attractive portions of the business, improving operating efficiency, and driving stronger commercial focus with an eye to maximizing shareholder value. We are in the early days of our review but hope to have some news to share later in the year.

Turning to chart 4, since the launch of our first Corporate Responsibility Report in 2018, we have been pursuing a set of 10 ambitious goal designed around inspired people, our shared planet and evolve portfolio. These goals were always designed to lead and push ourselves and the chemical industry to a higher standard.

Last month, we announced an updated climate goal. In doing so we extended our leadership on climate-related issues in the chemical industry. Chemours will achieve a 60% absolute reduction in Scope 1 and Scope 2 carbon emissions from our operations by 2030 on our way to achieving net zero by 2050. This commitment does not include the profound impact our products will have on climate. From Opteon refrigerants to Nafion membranes, our products are fundamental to helping the world achieve the aims of the Paris agreement. Our commitment to all our stakeholders shines through in our CRC program, and I know these commitments will serve as a guiding light for Chemours long into the future.

With that, I will turn things over to Sameer for a more detailed look at our results. Sameer?

Sameer Ralhan -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Mark. Turning to chart 5, results in the first quarter were solid as demand continued to improve steadily from Q4. Q1 net sales of $1.4 billion was up 10% year-over-year and grew nearly $100 million or 7% on a sequential basis. Demand was strong across most segments and end markets. GAAP EPS came in at $0.57 per share with adjusted EPS of $0.71 per share.

Adjusted EBITDA in the first quarter rose to $268 million compared to $257 million in the prior-year quarter. Adjusted EBITDA was negatively impacted by $9 million due to fixed cost under absorption related to operational disruptions created by Winter Storm Uri. As a result, margins in the quarter were 19%, 1 percentage point lower as compared to the prior-year quarter. We expect storm-related cost headwinds to ease through the second quarter. I'll cover these in more detail in the subsequent charts.

Capex for the quarter was $60 million. Our use of cash was just $21 million, up $41 million from the prior-year period. First quarter is typically a heavy cash usage quarter for Chemours, as we build inventory in anticipation of both coating season and cooling season in our core markets. Consistent with the past several quarters, we have put a strong focus on cash and the results speak to our ability to execute against that strategy. And we continue to believe that we are well positioned to serve our customers in the spring and summer months.

On April 29, our Board of Directors approved a second quarter 2021 dividend of $0.25 per share. This is unchanged from the prior quarter and will be payable to shareholders of record as of May 17, 2021. We continue to deliver consistent and stable dividends to our shareholders. This quarter marks the 12th consecutive quarter of dividends at the current level, a stable return of cash to shareholders to all parts of the economic cycle.

Turning to chart 6, let's review the adjusted EBITDA bridge for the first quarter. First quarter 2021 adjusted EBITDA was $268 million, up 4% from the prior-year period. Customer mix and contractual price downs were a headwind on a year-over-year basis but were more than offset by stronger volumes in the first quarter. Currency was a small benefit in the first quarter as a euro-U.S. dollar exchange rate continue to move in our favor.

Higher costs were a big story here in the first quarter and match some of the top-line strength across the company. Higher legacy, environmental and remediation costs were a headwind, primarily related to $12 million additional remediation expense at Fayetteville Works. The remainder of the costs incurred in the quarter were related to Winter Storm Uri, both operational and supply chain that I'll cover in the next chart.

Turning now to chart 7, our results in Q1 were impacted by a number of one-off issues related to the Winter Storm Uri. While we are by no means unique and exposure here, we wanted to be very transparent as to the scope of the issues for our investors. The deep freeze across Texas and much of the Southwest from Winter Storm Uri created unprecedented supply chain disruptions and operational challenges at several Chemours locations. Extended freezing conditions broke pipes, damaged buildings, cut access to power and other critical utilities and stranded employees due to unfavorable conditions.

Working tirelessly around the clock, our team leaned into the safety obsession and expedited the safer payroll hundreds of water and steam leaks. Preventive maintenance schedules were partially pulled forward critical around the fields of qualified as new source materials and creative logistic solutions were deployed to minimize disruptions from countless utility and supplier force majeure. I'm proud of how our team responded in this dynamic situation to quickly return service to our customers and safely ramp our sites back to full operational capability.

As a result of the storm, we incurred first quarter expenses of $16 million from plant repairs and higher than normal utility charges. These items are excluded from adjusted EBITDA. However, $9 million of expenses related to under-absorption of plant fixed costs primarily stemming from operational disruptions in the TSS segment are included in the first quarter adjusted EBITDA.

Let's turn to chart 8, where I'll cover liquidity. Our cash position, liquidity and balance sheet remain strong. Our cash balance at the end of the first quarter was $1 billion. Operating cash flow was $39 million, while capex was $60 million in the first quarter. We returned $41 million to shareholders in the form of dividends. We ended the first quarter of 2021 with $4 billion of gross debt. Debt net of cash was $3 billion, resulting in trailing net leverage ratio of approximately 3.4 times. We continue to be well positioned from a balance sheet and liquidity perspective as the recovery continues and have positioned ourselves well to benefit from demand toward the balance of the year.

With that, I'll turn things over to Mark Newman, our Chief Operating Officer. Mark?

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Thanks, Sameer. Good morning, everyone. I hope you're all safe and well. On chart 9, I'll cover the results and outlook of our Titanium Technologies segment. Titanium Technologies continues to experience improving pigment demand. As the economic recovery gains speed, TiPure demand across all end markets, product categories and geographies remained strong, a sign that the momentum from Q4 has carried into the first part of 2021.

As you've heard from Sameer, global logistics issues and Winter Storm Uri were both headwinds in the quarter, but our operations, supply chain and logistics teams have rallied in their support of our customers. We have prioritized product availability for our long-term AVA contract customers, consistent with our TVS strategy. I am very proud of our ability to deliver high-quality TiPure pigment around the world at a time when some of our competitors have struggled.

Activity on our Flex portal has been robust and spans all regions and product grades. Price continues to inflect upward, reflecting stronger demand conditions. As a result of these tighter market dynamics, we continue to sign up new AVA customers who are drawn to the combination of supply reliability, service and quality that only Chemours can provide. These new long-term contracts demonstrate the value of TVS and are the foundation for deep long-term relationships with these customers.

Turning to the numbers. First quarter net sales rose 18% to $723 million. Volume increased 16% versus the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA for the segment rose 22% to $169 million despite the headwinds from the winter storm and logistics issues around the globe. Price was up slightly on a sequential basis, despite some customer and product mix drag. As we look ahead, a return to more normalized order patterns and AVA growth in Q1 leads us to believe volumes will be strong throughout the balance of the year. We believe that renovation and remodel trends are strong with stimulus and infrastructure potentially providing longer term tailwinds.

Over the coming months, we intend to make steady market share gains, with the goal of returning to our capacity share by year end. Margins should improve as production continues to ramp up across the next several quarters. I am very proud of the resilience the business has shown over the course of the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic and our ability to quickly pivot and adapt to the ever-changing market conditions. Through it all, we have demonstrated the quality and differentiation of the TiPure franchise, setting the stage for significant value creation in the coming years.

Moving to chart 10, in the Thermal & Specialized Solutions demand signals continue to strengthen in the first quarter, with order patterns reflecting pre-pandemic seasonality. Opteon adoption in the automotive and stationary applications continue as the world recognizes the importance that low global warming refrigerants will play in combating climate change.

Looking more closely at the results, Q1 net sales were $304 million, nearly flat from Q1 2020, but up 12% on a sequential basis. Improved adoption rates of Opteon blends in stationary applications were offset by a decline in volumes related to the expected regulatory phase-out of legacy-based refrigerants. While overall demand for Opteon is strong, semiconductor shortages slowed the automotive build rates in Q1, leading to modest adjustments in customer order patterns. At present, we anticipate a continuation of constrained automotive build rates in Q2 and through year end.

Segment adjusted EBITDA rose 6% to $93 million in the first quarter. This was the result of improved operating rates at our Corpus Christi facility, which more than offset the $7 million of under-absorbed fixed costs from Winter Storm Uri plant downtime. Looking ahead, I'm confident that we will put the one-time issues from Q1 behind us and are well positioned for a strong Q2 and Q3 as the cooling season gets under way. Auto aftermarket adoption and the market for Opteon stationary blends continues to grow as equipment conversion start to take hold.

In Europe, we see a steady cadence of illegal HFC refrigerant seizures through continued enforcement and awareness campaigns behind the F-gas regulation. In the U.S., we applaud the efforts of the EPA and engaged industry stakeholders, who have been working with such an aggressive timeline to codify standards for HFC transition. We expect this will accelerate the transition in the stationery market to HFOs behind the recently passed AIM Act. We are mindful of the impact lower automotive build rates could have on demand for mobile Opteon refrigerants and continue to manage our supply chain in close coordination with our customers.

Turning to chart 11, I'll cover our Advanced Performance Materials segment. The rebound which started in Q4 2020 continued in Q1 2021. Net sales improved 14% to $333 million and March was a record month for APM as underlying demand accelerated late in the quarter. The recovery has been broad based with demand rising across the breadth of our product mix and across all geographies. Segment adjusted EBITDA was $51 million, flat to last year's first quarter. Margins sequentially rose to 15%, weighed down by higher accruals for incentive compensation in the quarter, as well as the impact of fixed cost under absorption versus Q1 2020 due to supply chain issues related to Winter Storm Uri. As we said on the fourth quarter call, we have significant operating leverage across the segment. Our results in the first quarter illustrate this potential. On a sequential basis, revenue was up $54 million, resulting in an earnings lift of $26 million.

Looking out across the rest of 2021, the outlook remains strong. We remain focused on top-line recovery and growth while executing on productivity and cost improvement actions to enhance returns. We believe margins in this business will return to the high-teens, starting in the second quarter. APM is prepared to seize the moment. We have already made great strides delivering on our 2020 performance improvement plan with a rapid return to pre-pandemic quarterly sales, reliable plant operations and realizing significant progress toward our high-teens EBITDA margin target. Despite this notable improvement, we recognize the importance of defining our push recovery strategy and better communicating our enthusiasm for the opportunity in this segment. With this in mind, we are planning to host an investor deep dive later this year to unpack the APM segment in a greater level of detail.

Moving ahead to our Chemical Solutions segment on chart 12, first quarter net sales were $76 million. Excluding the portfolio impact of the shutdown of our aniline business last year, Chemical Solution sales increased 2% on a year-over-year basis driven by improving demand for sodium cyanide and continued strong demand for performance chemicals and intermediate products. Adjusted EBITDA was $10 million for the first quarter of 2021, including $2 million impact from freezing conditions at our Memphis facility in February. We anticipate continued momentum in Mining Solutions, driven by robust demand as conditions in gold mining continue to improve. Glycolic Acid demand remains strong, and we anticipate a return to more normal adjusted EBITDA margins across the business over the course of 2021.

Turning to the next chart, the strength of our Q1 results and the momentum we are seeing in both volume and price across our core markets give us confidence that our 2021 results will be higher than we communicated in our Q4 call. As a result, we are raising our adjusted EBITDA guidance by $100 million to between $1.1 billion and $1.25 billion. Our revised guidance is now up 34% from 2020 levels at the midpoint of $1.175 billion.

We continue to drive a disciplined approach to capex in 2021 with no change to that metric at approximately $350 million. As a result, our free cash flow guidance is now greater and $450 million, up $100 million from our prior guidance. Our focus on our North Star and cash generation has not waned with the recovery under way. We remain fully committed to generating significant earnings and free cash flow through the cycle and maximizing the value of Chemours long term.

With that, I'll turn things back over to Mark Vergnano for some closing thoughts.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Mark. Turning to the last chart, I can say without hesitation that I have never felt as positive about the future of Chemours as I do today. To start our foundation is strong. We continue to safely navigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and have demonstrated our resilience as a company. Our balance sheet continues to be a source of strength even through the sharpest economic disruption since the financial crisis. And we've gained alignment with DuPont and Corteva on our legacy PFAS liabilities with a solid framework to reduce our risk and move forward.

Secondly, the recovery across all our end markets is well under way. TiO2 dynamics continue to improve, driven by end-market demand across the globe. Opteon growth continues to gain steam as the world braces climate-friendly low global warming potential, HFO technology as the future of refrigeration and air conditioning. And APM demand continues to grow as industrial demand picks up and advanced technology raises the bar for material performance.

Finally, we are executing a new capacity and product development to fuel our future growth. In semicon, we are expanding our PFA capacity in order to meet increasing demand for semiconductor infrastructure. We are well positioned to provide strategic capacity in markets including the U.S., where significant new fab capacity will come online over the coming decade. In 5G, we are working on the next generation laminate structures to provide chipset solutions necessary to deliver the fastest implementations of 5G at frequencies above 24-gigahertz.

In hydrogen, we are continuing our work on the fundamental electrochemistry of Nafion membranes to rapidly improve durability, efficiency and lifecycle cost. Our work is critical to enabling low-cost hydrogen electrolysis and reaching diesel parity in heavy-duty transport to help decarbonize the global economy. By 2030, we believe the total addressable market in hydrogen membranes could be $2 billion to $3 billion.

From the strength of the near-term recovery to the long-term potential of the portfolio, I believe the future is bright for Chemours. To our 6,500 employees, I'm so proud of your grit, determination and excellence. To our customers, you are the reason we are here. We will continue to bring the best products, services and values to help you win in the marketplace. And finally, to our investors, we appreciate your trust in us and your shared belief in the long-term value potential of Chemours.

With that, operator, let's open the line for questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from John McNulty from BMO Capital Markets. Your line is open.

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yeah. Thanks for taking my question, and congratulations on a solid set of results despite a really difficult that a headwind. My first question was just on the Uri impact and supply chain impact on the Titanium Tech business. Specifically, I'd love to understand how that might have mixed the volumes in that business? And what you could have delivered if it hadn't been for those disruptions? And then also, I guess, my assumption would be since those volumes might have been directed more to the portal customers, that might have also had a negative impact on pricing for you in the quarter. And I guess, how would that may be played out differently if we hadn't seen the impact from Uri and the supply chains hit that business?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Good morning, John, and great question and your hypothesis is right on. The storm affected DeLisle, it affected our Johnsonville facility and because of natural gas issues affected Altamira as well. So we had some supply issues through that storm. We prioritize their AVA contract customers. So we made sure that they got the supplies that they needed. We actually had customers come to us who were not AVA contract customers looking for supply because of we weren't the only ones that were difficult in supplying and again as prioritizing our AVA contract customers, but also we added new AVA long-term contract customers during that period as well. So your hypothesis is right, we probably had less business through the portal than we normally would, which probably skewed price a little bit from that standpoint.

At the same time, because we had some of those disruptions our ore blend was a little bit higher than normal to be able to get as much production out as possible. So our variable margin was a little bit higher as well because of that. So yeah, so it could have been a stronger quarter without that winter storm both on a, I'd say, supply standpoint, both on a cost standpoint as well as price. Still a solid quarter, the team did a great job getting us back up, make sure we took care of all our AVA customers the right way, but it could have been a little bit stronger.

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Got it, got it. That's helpful. And then maybe just a follow-up on TT business. As we look throughout the rest of this year, I mean 1Q was obviously kind of an odd one for a whole host of reasons. I guess how are you thinking about the normal seasonal pattern for the TiO2 business? And also I guess compounded by that, how should I think about your ability to meet the capacity out there which seems to be a pretty tight market where maybe others can't? I guess, how should we be thinking about that?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I'd say it is a tight market. We continue to operate all our facilities very strongly almost full from that standpoint. We believe we have the capacity to be able to service our customers going forward. As we've talked about in the past, we have some incremental capacity work that we can do across the fleet of our facilities that would come on board in the '22, '23 kind of timeframe. But in the meantime, we feel like we have adequate capacity to be able to handle that.

Just as you said, what you're seeing is a very different dynamic here, which is you're not seeing a lot of inventory build in the channel. You're seeing prices being thoughtful in terms of how they're being going into the market from that standpoint. So I believe, and as we look at the portal, we have a portal that people are putting in orders even six months out and those prices are different than what they would be now. So I think we can service our customers going forward. I just don't think there is excess inventory anywhere in the channel right now.

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Got it. Helpful color. Thanks very much.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure thing.

Operator

Your next question comes from Josh Spector from UBS. Your line is open.

Matt Skowronski -- UBS -- Analyst

Thank you. Good morning. This is Matt Skowronski on for Josh. Can you provide some details on what is baked in the guidance regarding production costs such as energy or other inputs?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. And I'll let Sameer give you a little bit more detail, but maybe just from a standpoint of how we're looking at guidance, we see strong demand across all our segments right now. Our guidance reflects probably a level of conservatism, which is really based on macroeconomic issues, things we're keeping an eye on the pandemic. From a standpoint of India and Brazil still have some issues, our hearts and thoughts go out to our colleagues in India and Brazil who are still struggling through the pandemic, maybe more than anywhere else in the world. And we are keeping our eye on auto OEM builds across the world as the chip shortage is getting in the way of that right now. So those are the things that are probably driving our conservatism from that standpoint, but outside of that, we expect very strong demand. We're operating our facilities extremely well. We don't see any -- foresee any other issues.

Sameer, anything you want to add to that?

Sameer Ralhan -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

No, I think Mark, you summarized it well and the only other thing I would say on the cost side reflection. Look, and you said earlier, we live in our contracts pretty nicely. So given the contracts that we have in place for majority there are -- we feel we're in a pretty good position and the nature of those contracts is already reflected in the guide.

Matt Skowronski -- UBS -- Analyst

Thank you. And then for my follow-up, the release mentioned that the percent of customers on long-term agreements increased during the quarter. Were these new contracts materially different in terms of pricing than the previous contracts?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, I'll let Mark dive in that for you. But just to sort of level set for everyone, we've stayed on the TiO2 side that we want our balance of AVA contracts to be somewhere between 60% to 70% of our total volume, and we're going to stay in that range. I think the perturbation that we saw from Winter Storm Uri proves that you want to be in that range to be able to support your AVA customers going forward, so we're going to sit sort of in that range. As we go into new contracts or with new customers in AVA contract, prices are set at where they are today. They're not set at some previous level. But Mark, do you want to go into any more detail on that?

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Mark, we don't comment on price by channel, but I'd just emphasize the point you raised, which is when we enter into new contracts, the reference point for pricing is where pricing is today, where it was previously. So that's the benchmark rate. And then maybe I'll just emphasize also that we're leveraging this very tight demand situation on TiO2 to improve the quality of our business and to layer in more business that's on long-term contracts and which we think is desirable as we improve the TiO2 business going forward, and we continue to regain market share across all product segments.

Matt Skowronski -- UBS -- Analyst

Very helpful. Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from Bob Koort from Goldman Sachs. Your line is open.

Tom Glinski -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Good morning, this is Tom Glinski on for Bob. First question just on the TT business. How should we think about what you've baked in to the full-year guide from pricing standpoint? I think based on your earlier comments that the sequential improvement in the second quarter should likely exceed the sequential improvement that you realized in the first quarter. So, just some commentary there would be helpful.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure, Tom. Mark, why don't you take that?

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Yeah. I think as we indicated in our call, we have seen an inflection in price. We see good market momentum. So our expectation going forward is that the market remains strong and will certainly have a good mix of both AVA and Flex business. I'd also mention that since Winter Storm Uri, our plants have run very well. So our plants ran well in March, our plants have run well in April. So our ability to serve all of our channels remains very favorable and clearly, as you would expect, the Flex channel is where when markets are tight, you can take the most price. So I'd say we factored certainly that into our outlook, and as Mark mentioned, some of our guidance philosophy has been somewhat conservative, given some of the broader macroeconomic factors that we're watching.

Tom Glinski -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Got it. Okay, that's helpful. And then on the TSS business, you called out additional seizures of illegal refrigerants I'm assuming in Europe. So this reads positively, but I'm just wondering if this could potentially signal that we've seen a pickup in the absolute level of illegal imports so just naturally there is some more seizures being associated with those. So I guess are there more legal imports coming into the region and there were maybe three, six, nine months ago? Or is it just purely that enforcement is improving?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I'll let Mark answer that and because I think that's really important for everyone to understand what we're seeing in Europe, but maybe just to give a little bit of context term from that standpoint, we're very positive about where we're seeing with Opteon right now, all across the world and with the EPA coming out with their initial draft rules just yesterday, I think you see built into that that they're going to move forward, we applaud the Biden administration for being as aggressive as they are getting back in the Kigali kind of a level here. But at the same time, I think the U.S. has learned a lot from Europe in terms of how they're putting in protections against illegal imports as well. But Mark, why don't you explain what we're seeing in Europe at the same time?

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Yeah. Thanks, Mark. Overall, I'd say, we're very encouraged by the tone of the market in Europe in refrigerants, especially stationary refrigerant both legacy and HFO blends. It's a combination of continued improvement on the enforcement side, you'll recall, earlier this year we had a step down in the quarter. And of course, we're starting to see some early stages of recovery in terms of commercial buildings, meeting refrigerants as we come into the cooling season, and we come out of COVID-19 as we start to emerge from that in Europe.

So overall, I'd say, we're encouraged and I think it's all three factors, but seizures -- the level of seizures and the level of what we call Internet takedowns, which is product being marketed on the Internet have improved year-over-year, and we're encouraged by what we're seeing in Europe. And we're also encouraged, as Mark said, by the recent action by the EPA to form regs on the AIM Act. So overall, this is the next stage of Opteon growth on the stationary side, both in Europe and the USA and the team is ready to service that demand.

Tom Glinski -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

It's helpful. Thank you, guys.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from Hassan Ahmed from Alembic Global Advisors. Your line is open.

Hassan Ahmed -- Alembic Global Advisors -- Analyst

Good morning, guys.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Hassan.

Hassan Ahmed -- Alembic Global Advisors -- Analyst

Hi there. A question around titanium dioxide volumes, obviously, your volumes are quite strong on a year-over-year basis, but sequentially after around 2%. So when I sort of sit there and sort of compare and contrast to other large competitors, sequentially, they seem to have a larger bump up in volumes. So I'm just trying to sort of reconcile the sequential sort of uptick in your volumes relative to the commentary that you gave about sort of still being able to regain lost market share through the course of the year.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Right. No, it's a good question, Hassan. I'd say, you got to remember last year, so if you look at quarter-to-quarter, year-on-year, if you will, year-on-year, we had a very strong first quarter last year with things really starting to ramp up in our opinion, things are significantly starting to ramp up from a standpoint of the TiO2 industry and then obviously, we saw COVID hit us which made a big difference. But from the standpoint of comparison, I think you got to think of it from that standpoint.

And also, as we've talked about, we had some disruptions from the winter storm from that standpoint. I think you're going to see us continually gain in volume through the rest of the year, as well as we anticipate gaining share for the rest of the year and going forward. But you just had, I'd say a strong year-on-year -- not a stronger year-on-year comparison, because of quarter last year. But I think as going forward now, going into the second quarter and beyond, you're going to see a lot more strength from a volume perspective.

Hassan Ahmed -- Alembic Global Advisors -- Analyst

Understood. And now switching gears to the feedstock side, again, sticking to Titanium Technologies, it seems that ore availability was tight, last quarter seems to have only gotten tighter, this quarter, particularly, from what I'm hearing out in China and then you have companies like Iluka coming out and reporting sort of production declines. So a two-part question. One, what are you guys seeing in terms of ore cost inflation? And how are you handling that? And part and parcel with that, what are you guys seeing in terms of cost curves? Where do you see the high end of the cost curve currently with the sort of ore price inflation that we're seeing?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I'd start with we have long-term contracts on our ore. So we are not seeing ore inflation at this time from that standpoint, we have plenty of supply of ore from that perspective as well. So from an ore side, we feel very comfortable where we are throughout the rest of the year. And I think you are seeing some issues in sulfate ilmenite in China, which is a little bit tighter, obviously, that's not us or our big players as everyone knows is chloride ilmenite, where we have ample supply to be able to support us going forward from that standpoint.

So from the standpoint of pricing, obviously, we don't talk about pricing directly, but our whole concept of bringing TVS to our customers was to give them predictable pricing and to give them predictable supply. And I think the past several months have proven the value of that strategy not just for us, but for our customers, which is the reason we installed it.

So I think that the right things are happening for our customers in the marketplace. They know where they can get the product, they know they can get it from us. They know what their price is going to be going forward, they know the mechanisms, how that's going to change. And because of that, I think for the first time in a long time, you're not seeing the spikes that normally incur in, I'd say, hoarding if you will, where people are bringing in lots of inventory because they just don't need to do that. So I think you're seeing a very different dynamic in this TiO2 market, which I would say is going to be more of a steady growth versus driving to a peak that then crashes. I think you're going to see steady growth here that's going to benefit everyone. And Mark, I don't know if you want to add anything to that, but I think it's a different dynamic than what we've seen before in this marketplace.

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Yeah. Mark, I just maybe make three points to Hassan. One is we're well supplied on ore. We continue to focus on -- in our plants on being able to run more ilmenite and reduce our dependency on high-grade ore, but we remain well-supplied. Obviously, in Q1, given the strength of the market and some of the disruption we had with Uri, we didn't optimize our ore blend in order to meet customer demand.

And then the other point I'd make which goes back to where you started, sequentially, we had a much stronger Q4 than some of our competitors. So the sequential comparison doesn't look as good, it's impacted by Uri, but it's also impacted by a relatively strong Q4. So overall, as we look forward, which I think is where you should be focused is our ability to supply based on our nameplate capacity and how well our plants is running is good, and we're taking advantage of the strong market conditions despite some of the disruption we had in Q1.

Hassan Ahmed -- Alembic Global Advisors -- Analyst

Very helpful. Thank you so much, guys.

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from Duffy Fischer from Barclays. Your line is open.

Duffy Fischer -- Barclays -- Analyst

Yeah. Good morning, fellows. A question on TiO2, what's possible from a volume side? So if demand continues, and we use Q1 as the baseline, obviously, you had some issues in disruptions, but I guess is you probably also sold a little bit out of inventory that you carried over. So when we think about that sales level from Q1 going forward, the rest of this year if demand is there, can net volume move up 5%, 10%, how much more room on a quarterly basis do you have to grow off Q1? And then, when we get into 2022, when do those debottleneck go through that we can see even more the [Indecipherable] volume?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So maybe I'll start up and let Mark go into any more detail. But we have -- we expect demand will continue to strengthen throughout the year. We have the capacity to be able to meet that going forward. And we have a variety of ways to increase our capacity even before we do all the debottlenecking work as you know or blenders [Phonetic] is one aspect of that, but we're operating our facilities now. These facilities take a little bit of time to ramp up to full capacity. We're in the midst of that right now. But we feel very, very confident that we can supply the needs for this year, and we do anticipate the demand to continue to be strong for the rest of the year going forward. And Mark, I don't know if you want to add anything to that?

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Mark, the only thing I'd emphasize for Duffy is you need to separate our ability to supply in a ramp-up mode with pretty strong demand coming out of Q4 into Q1 and winter storm Uri versus our nameplate and our ability to supply going forward. So certainly, I wouldn't want you to gear our Q1 ability to -- our ability to supply based on our Q1 volumes because of Winter Storm Uri and our continued focus on running all of our plants at their capability.

Duffy Fischer -- Barclays -- Analyst

Great, thanks. And then maybe just to follow up on Mark's earlier point with the EPA rule that came out yesterday. Obviously, a lot of the headlines, we're pretty forced to a big step relative to what you've been working with them over the last several years, where it is a small and when we think of Europe is a template there was kind of one year that ended up being a big step change for HFO driving -- drove up HFC pricing actually that first year you had a step-down. The way you read the text of what came out yesterday, what year is going to be the big move in the U.S. market if this gets implemented as they wrote it yesterday?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So like I said, Duffy, we are very supportive of the aggressiveness with the administration, I'm trying to get this out and trying to get a final rule in September, which we think is going to be very helpful. Obviously, this is the first draft rule. So we'll have our comments that will be working with them on the baseline that's being set up of 2011 to 2013, we think it's a solid baseline. How they now figure out the quota off of that, I think is going to be interesting, but they pretty much are lining this up with Kigali. So a big step down based on Kigali would occur 40% step down which is huge in 2024. So I think you're going to see 2022 and 2023 be positively affected to get in front of that from a standpoint of, remember, we are one of only two players who have the HFO technology that's going to be able to drive the new adoptions.

And as the big OEMs move quickly to be able to get their equipment in place, that's going to play well. So you have the benefit, as you said, of the quota and the HFC prices that should move in accordance with that. But we have been the bigger advantage, which is we get HFOs into the marketplace as well, which we think is going to be even a bigger advantage for us going forward. So I'd say, we're still early days of us looking at it, we just looked at it last night because it just came out. But I'd say the framework is there and will give our comments to the EPA from their draft rule to make sure that they understand that the two big players here are U.S. manufacturers who invented this technology, and we believe that we should have some advantage because of that.

Duffy Fischer -- Barclays -- Analyst

Great. Thanks, guys.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah.

Operator

Your next question comes from Arun Viswanathan from RBC Capital Markets. Your line is open.

Arun Viswanathan -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Great. Thanks, good morning. Just wanted to ask a question, I guess, on Titanium Technologies. So could you just describe the inflationary environment there? I know that you've gone through some supply chain disruptions, but obviously, you may also not be as exposed to raw material inflation just given your flexibility. But what are you seeing there? And if there is inflation that your competitor space you view that as a slight positive?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I'll let Mark give you a little bit more color here. But as I said, we have long-term contracts in place with both our ore and other raw materials like chlorine. So we feel very confident from a standpoint of supply around those for the remainder of the year. And in a lot of those cases, those are multi-year contracts from a standpoint as well. So we're very solid in terms of -- from that standpoint.

And again, we -- the whole concept of our AVA contracts in TVS are really about making sure that we're giving predictable pricing to our customers going through this and so lining up our supply situation in a way that allows us to be able to have our solid margins and not have to pass all that on to our AVA contract holders is very important. But Mark, I don't know if you want to add any more to that?

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Mark, the only thing I'd add is clearly we're protected with our multiyear contracts, and we're very careful in terms of how we layer our contracts into avoid significant duration exposure. I'd also remind everyone that, Arun, that we, with our ability to run chloride ilmenite and lower grades of ore, were advantage versus our competition in an environment if there would be more ore inflation going forward. And then the third point is clearly in Q1 to meet customer demand with Winter Storm Uri, we didn't optimize our ore blend, but that is something we'll continue to focus on as we go forward, which would improve our variable cost structure as we move out several quarters.

Arun Viswanathan -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Great, thanks. And as a quick follow-up, it seems that the recovery started in China, maybe, there has been a little bit of moderation there recently. Is that accurate? I guess -- and then -- I guess I am referring to TiO2. And then similarly, do you expect to kind of North America and Europe to kind of follow in the next, say, a year or so and pick up some of that slack if China is stabilizing? Or how do you kind of characterize the regional dynamics?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Mark, do you want to take that one?

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

Yeah. I would say our business in China is very strong and in fact, where we participate in the market in the high-grade ore space as we said in the call, our volumes are up across the board in every region in every product line. So we certainly see this as being in the very early innings of a good recovery. And we believe the strength that we're seeing from consumer demand around the world is going to last certainly for some time to come. And then the strength that we see coming behind that with infrastructure spending could extend that significantly. So we certainly believe we're in the early innings of a very good recovery. And as Mark alluded to earlier, structurally, we like some of the things that we're doing in terms of our participation in the TiO2 market, which should give us a good run here.

Arun Viswanathan -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from PJ Juvekar from Citi. Your line is open. Hey Mark, this is Eric Petrie on for PJ.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning.

Eric Petrie -- Citi -- Analyst

You noted sales opportunities from hydrogen [Indecipherable] of $2 billion to $3 billion by 2030. How much share could you capture? And then did your Nafion volumes increase this quarter?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So I would say we continue to see improvement in our Nafion business, it goes in a variety of places obviously fuel cells as well. So yes, we continue to see strength in the Nafion business from our cells. And we are the membrane, if you will, for this going forward. So I think our share is going to be really dependent on the developments that we can do to make this membrane -- continue this membrane to be the standard in the industry. I'm convinced that the membrane is going to be the driver of efficiency and cost reduction for hydrogen, which is why it's going to be successful going forward.

But we are, as Mark alluded to in his comments, we're going to do a deep dive on this segment for all of you because we get a lot of questions on that. So hopefully in the next few months, we'll get that on the calendar for everyone, and we'll go through a lot more detail on why we have so much confidence in this space, why we believe this membrane is really new standard in the industry, especially for heavy-duty diesel, as well as for electrolysis going forward and fuel cells in general. So again, we feel that we should be able to capture a significant portion of that market, if we can continue to drive the developments that we're driving right now.

Eric Petrie -- Citi -- Analyst

Helpful. And then secondly, you know that the recovery in your end markets. So a question on free cash flow to buybacks potentially later this year and 2022?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So Sameer, why don't you talk a little bit about how we're thinking about our use of cash right now?

Sameer Ralhan -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yeah. Thanks, Mark. Eric, if you look at this, Mark highlighted some of the interesting kind of growth opportunities, PD investments in the PFOA side. So we are excited about some of the things that we see from our organic growth perspective and going to continue to support that. We can do that as well as in the capex guide that we've given this year and those kind of levels moving forward. But overall, we have optimization from our forward with respect to share buybacks, and we'll be looking at that. And overall, the other thing I would say is from a leverage perspective, we are looking at growth leverage going to reduction over the next few years as well trying to get the debt down to $3.5 billion kind of a range. So you're going to us using some of the free cash flow to reduce the gross debt as well. It seems we're pretty balanced as we're going to move forward.

Eric Petrie -- Citi -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from Vincent Andrews from Morgan Stanley. Your line is open.

Steve Hansen -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Hi, this is Steve Hansen [Phonetic] for Vincent. Thanks for taking my question. Just on coming back to TiO2 margins pretty quick, I think last quarter you made a comment that for the full year you're expecting margins to be in kind of mid-20% range. Is that kind of still what you're looking for, given that there is some incremental costs, or should it be a little lower now?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

You mean on the TiO2 side?

Steve Hansen -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Yeah, correct.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I'd say, as we look forward, mid to high 20s is where we should be aiming the margin. So we don't see a negative effect on margin going forward. I'd say we see a positive effect. As Mark said, we had a first quarter that we didn't operate the way we normally would because we had to ramp up production pretty quickly, we had to get product out because of the downtime from the storm. So we didn't optimize our ore blend. So as we go forward. I think you'll see us optimizing our ore blends there's going to be a little bit of a positive price impact as well. So I would say margin should go up from the first quarter and should be in that mid to upper 20s range.

Steve Hansen -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Okay, thank you. And then really quick on cash flow. I think in receivables, you had a big build this quarter. Is that kind of expected to reverse? And what are your general working capital assumptions in the free cash flow guidance for '25?

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I'll let Sameer give you the detail there. But do remember that we have a big revenue quarter. So there is a reason for receivables to go up the big revenue quarter. But Sameer, do you want to add anything?

Sameer Ralhan -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

No, I think Mark you said it. It's a pickup in the revenue and also the timing given that it happened in the quarter. So I won't read too much into it. The DSO levels are pretty consistent with what we would see through the seasonality in the business right and this is the time when we start seeing the pickup in the sales in our cooling and refrigerants market, so the DSO is pretty consistent with what we would typically have at the summer season.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. And maybe the only thing I'd remind everyone is whenever you have sales back-end loaded in the quarter because of Winter Storm Uri in February, it tends to drive us slightly higher receivables than you might otherwise see. So, nothing unusual there.

Steve Hansen -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

There are no further questions. I will now turn the call over to Mark Vergnano for closing remarks.

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Jacqueline. And listen, I just want to reiterate how I close my remarks. We feel very, very positive about where we are right now as a company, but really about the future as well. So you've probably heard it in our tone, but as we go through the year, we hope to give you a little bit more insight into why we feel really good about the segments that we have and how we're growing them going forward. So again, thank you as always for your interest in the company, and thanks for your support.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 62 minutes

Call participants:

Jonathan Lock -- Vice President Corporate Development and Investor Relations

Mark Vergnano -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sameer Ralhan -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Mark E. Newman -- Chief Operating Officer

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Matt Skowronski -- UBS -- Analyst

Tom Glinski -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Hassan Ahmed -- Alembic Global Advisors -- Analyst

Duffy Fischer -- Barclays -- Analyst

Arun Viswanathan -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Eric Petrie -- Citi -- Analyst

Steve Hansen -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

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