Everyone would love to find the perfect stock. But will you ever really find a stock that gives you everything you could possibly want?

One thing's for sure: If you don't look, you'll never find truly great investments. So let's first take a look at what you'd want to see from a perfect stock, and then decide if Yamana Gold (NYSE: AUY) fits the bill.

The quest for perfection
When you're looking for great stocks, you have to do your due diligence. It's not enough to rely on a single measure, because a stock that looks great based on one factor may turn out to be horrible in other ways. The best stocks, however, excel in many different areas, which all come together to make up a very attractive picture.

Some of the most basic yet important things to look for in a stock are:

  • Growth. Expanding businesses show healthy revenue growth. While past growth is no guarantee that revenue will keep rising, it's certainly a better sign than a stagnant top line.
  • Margins. Higher sales don't mean anything if a company can't turn them into profits. Strong margins ensure a company is able to turn revenue into profit.
  • Balance sheet. Debt-laden companies have banks and bondholders competing with shareholders for management's attention. Companies with strong balance sheets don't have to worry about the distraction of debt.
  • Money-making opportunities. Companies need to be able to turn their resources into profitable business opportunities. Return on equity helps measure how well a company is finding those opportunities.
  • Valuation. You can't afford to pay too much for even the best companies. Earnings multiples are simple, but using normalized figures gives you a sense of how valuation fits into a longer-term context.
  • Dividends. Investors are demanding tangible proof of profits, and there's nothing more tangible than getting a check every three months. Companies with solid dividends and strong commitments to increasing payouts treat shareholders well.

With those factors in mind, let's take a closer look at Yamana Gold.

Factor What We Want to See Actual Pass or Fail?
Growth 5-Year Annual Revenue Growth > 15% 111.1% pass
  1-Year Revenue Growth > 12% 88.3% pass
Margins Gross Margin > 35% 61.3% pass
  Net Margin > 15% 18.7% pass
Balance Sheet Debt to Equity < 50% 7.2% pass
  Current Ratio > 1.3 2.21 pass
Opportunities Return on Equity > 15% 3.9% fail
Valuation Normalized P/E < 20 31.56 fail
Dividends Current Yield > 2% 0.7% fail
  5-Year Dividend Growth > 10% 18.9%* pass
  Total Score   7 out of 10

Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard and Poor's. * 4-year growth rate based on most recent quarterly dividend. Total score = number of passes.

Yamana's score of 7 reflects both the strength of precious metals generally as well as particular things the company is doing right. On one hand, gold prices at record highs have helped the entire mining industry, whose profits rely on margins between miners' production costs and sales prices.

Where Yamana shines above its competitors, though, is in its rock-bottom production costs. At just over $100 per gold-equivalent ounce, Yamana easily eclipses the costs of larger miner Barrick Gold (NYSE: ABX), which itself clocked in above fellow majors Newmont Mining (NYSE: NEM) and Goldcorp (NYSE: GG).

Moreover, Yamana's recent growth has been astoundingly strong, thanks in part to its exposure to a wide variety of metals, including silver, copper, molybdenum, and zinc. As the entire metals group gains in stature, Yamana is poised to capitalize on several fronts. And despite relatively high valuations and a typically low return on equity for this capital-intensive industry, Yamana looks a lot closer to perfect than many stocks out there. While some investors have simply made direct bets on bullion prices via ETFs SPDR Gold (NYSE: GLD) and iShares Comex Gold Trust (NYSE: IAU), well positioned miners may provide a superior way to invest in the yellow metal.

Keep searching
No stock is a sure thing, but some stocks are a lot closer to perfect than others. By looking for the perfect stock, you'll go a long way toward improving your investing prowess and learning how to separate out the best investments from the rest.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.