Fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgages are the two main types of mortgages -- the Coca-Cola
A fixed-rate mortgage is very straightforward. The borrower knows from the beginning what the interest rate will be for the entire duration of the mortgage, and the monthly payments due are likewise fixed. Simple.
Slightly less simple is the adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM). It changes from year to year to reflect the interest rate environment. If rates are plummeting, your rate will also drop -- and vice versa. ARMs typically have an extra-low "teaser rate" for the first year, as well as an upper limit, or cap. In addition, the amount that an ARM rate can rise each year is also limited, so that it won't rise too quickly.
Fixed-rate mortgages are good because they come with no surprises. But, for this benefit, you'll likely pay a slightly higher rate than you would with an ARM. Fixed-rate mortgages are good for people who enjoy stability. They're also especially attractive during periods when interest rates are low, such as in recent years. At such times, fixed-rate mortgages permit you to lock in low rates for many years.
Conversely, if the prevailing interest rates are very high, an ARM might make more sense, if you think rates are more likely to fall than rise. In addition, since ARM rates are typically slightly lower than fixed rates, they permit borrowers to borrow a little bit more. This difference can help you buy a slightly spiffier house. ARMs are often recommended for those who will only be in a house for a few years -- as the rate is not likely to change too much in that time. Beware, though -- don't enter into an ARM unless you're sure you'll be able to handle the worst-case scenario -- if your rate quickly rises to the cap. (For more on ARMs, see Get Extra-Low Mortgage Rates.)
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