Logo of jester cap with thought bubble.

Image source: The Motley Fool.

Air Products & Chemicals Inc  (NYSE:APD)
Q4 2018 Earnings Conference Call
Nov. 06, 2018, 10:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good morning and welcome to the Air Products and Chemicals Fourth Quarter Earnings Release Conference Call. Today's call is being recorded at the request of Air Products. Please note that this presentation and the comments made on behalf of Air Products are subject to copyright by Air Products and all rights are reserved.

Beginning today's call Mr. Simon Moore, Vice President of Investor Relations. Please go ahead.

Simon Moore -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thank you, April. Good morning everyone. Welcome to Air Products fourth quarter 2018 earnings results teleconference. This is Simon Moore, Vice President of Investor Relations. I'm pleased to be joined today by Seifi Ghasemi, our Chairman, President and CEO; Scott Crocco our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer; and Sean Major, our Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary. After our comments, we'll be pleased to take your questions.

Our earnings release and the slides for this call are available on our website at airproducts.com. Please refer to the forward-looking statement disclosure that can be found in our earnings release and on slide number two.

Now I'm pleased to turn the call over to Seifi.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Simon, and good morning to everyone. Thank you for joining us on our call today. We do appreciate your interest in Air Products. For the quarter and the year, a talented, committed and motivated team at Air Products delivered another excellent set of safety and financial results. Our full year adjusted earnings per share of $7.45 is up 18%. This is the highest annual EPS in Air Products' history, and our fourth consecutive year of double-digit growth. Our record quarterly adjusted earnings per share of $2 is up 14% versus last year. I'd like to remind everybody that this is the 18th consecutive quarter that we have reported year-on-year quarterly earnings-per-share growth.

We continue to be the safest and most profitable industrial gas company in the world with an EBITDA margin of about 35%. We have the strongest financial position in our industry. This allows us to continue to commit a significant amount of capital to grow Air Products into the future. We generated over $10 per share of distributable cash flow this year and returned about 40% of that or almost $900 million to our investors via dividend. Our team continues to prove their ability to execute the largest and most complex projects in the history of our industry, successfully completing megaprojects in India, Saudi Arabia, China and United States. And most importantly, we have a great team of dedicated, talented and committed people at Air Products, who stay focused on working hard every day to serve our customers and create value for our shareholders.

Now please turn to slide number three. We continue to improve our safety results with a reduction of 75% in our lost time injury rate and a reduction of 50% in our recordable injury rate. These results can only happen when all of our 15,000 employees around the world are committed to safety and continuous improvement.

On slide number four, you can see our goal for the company. To be the safest, most diverse and most profitable industrial gas company in the world providing excellent service to our customers.

Now please turn to slide number five. You can see our overall management philosophy that we have talked to you about many times over the last four years. But it is worth repeating, because we continue to be focused on shareholder value, capital allocation and an empowered and decentralized organization.

Now please turn to slide number six. This is our updated Five-Point Plan that I have shared with you last quarter. We remain focused on sustaining our lead in safety and operational performance. We see tremendous opportunities to deploy capital in value-creating projects in our core industrial gas business, primarily in our on-site business. Scott will take you through the numbers, but let me provide you a quick overview of our progress.

In fiscal year 2018, we spent about $1.5 billion on just the growth projects including M&A. In addition we have more than $6 billion remaining to spend on our already committed future investment opportunity. You have heard Scott and I emphasized many times that we are committed to managing our debt balance to maintain our current targeted A/A2 rating. At that rating we believe we have almost $14 billion remaining available to invest; including debt capacity today and investable cash flow over the next four years. So we have already spent or committed about half of the total $15 billion available over the next five-year period of fiscal year 2018 to fiscal year 2022. This is great progress so far and I remain very confident and I repeat very confident of our ability to deploy the rest of this capital into high return industrial gas projects that generate significant value for our shareholders.

The fourth point of our plan is to continue to further improve our 4S culture, meaning safety, simplicity, speed and self-confidence. And we are working to create an environment then our committed and motivated team brings their positive attitude and open minds to work every day. And finally we do have a higher purpose to create an open and diverse environment for all of our people, so that everyone feels that they belong and their contribution is valued. Let me be clear this is Air Products' Five-Point Plan and we remain focused on executing this strategy regardless of what others may do in our industry. Our goal is not to be the biggest, but to be the best industrial gas company.

Now please turn to slide number seven for a summary of our fiscal year accomplishments. I want to thank the very hard-working teams, who have successfully executed some of the largest projects in the history of our industry. We completed the first year of operation of the large industrial gas complex for BPCL Refinery in Kochi, India. This project took more than $10 million man-hours to build and we did this without any safety incidents. The facility has successfully supplied hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and steam that enables BPCL to produce cleaner fuels. We reached a critical milestone as the largest Air Separation Unit project in the history of our industry attained mechanical completion.

The Jazan, Saudi Arabia Air Separation Unit complex was completed with zero lost time injuries in $25 million man-hours of work, a tremendous accomplishment by the team particularly given the remote location and local climate challenges. Just to put that in context for you that is equivalent to over 1,000 people working over 10 years with no lost time injury. We expect the six Air Separation Units to come on stream in 2019.

We successfully closed and started up the Lu'An China Air Separation Unit and Gasifier Joint Venture, which has successfully been supplying syngas to Lu'An for their chemical production. The plant is fully operational with all four gasifiers in service. This is a great accomplishment for our China team and I congratulate and thank them for a job well done.

In June we held a ribbon cutting event for our new world-class steam methane reformer in Baytown, Texas that provides CO and hydrogen to Covestro and other customers along our Gulf Coast pipeline network. It's great to see these projects starting up and contributing to our growth, but most importantly it demonstrates to our customers and our employees that Air Products can be counted on to successfully deliver on our commitments. Safely building and operating large complicated projects that provide critical gas supply to our customers. Our proven reliability and successful execution of these projects helped us to win additional projects in China, Korea, India, Louisiana and Texas for customers in the electronics, chemical and manufacturing markets.

One of these is for Eastman in Kingsport, Tennessee, when they have been successfully supplying oxygen and nitrogen to their cold gasifiers for 35 years. They continue to commit to world-class engineering and technology resources, where we need them around the world; including Saudi Arabia, India and China. These are in addition to our existing engineering and technology capabilities in the US, UK and China.

And in January, we announced a $0.15 dividend increase, the largest in the company's history. This 16% increase marks the 36th consecutive year Air Products has increased our dividend. In fiscal year 2018, we shared about 40% of our distributable cash flow or about $900 million with our investors via the dividend. And with our focus on creating our own growth opportunities, they continue to successfully execute on our gasification strategy.

So please turn to the next slide, slide number eight. Gasification is a process that has been in existence for many years and Air Products has been involved in this market for many years. The process basically use oxygen plus coal, liquids or natural gas to produce synthetic gas, which is in a combination of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. This syngas can then be used to produce chemicals, diesel fuel, high-end olefins, polymers hydrogen and/or power. Gasification has significant benefits that it enables an environmentally friendly way to use lower value feedstocks.

Over the last few years Air Products was successful in building very large Air Separation Units to provide oxygen to customers operating their gasifiers in China and Saudi Arabia. Over the last year, we announced four large projects, where Air Products will own and operate the gasifiers and syngas clean-up and provide syngas or related products to our customers. The key is that these projects are consistent with our on-site business model when we don't take any raw material or product volume or price risk.

First, I mention the Lu'An project that is successfully supplying syngas to Lu'An for their chemical production. Second in August, we announced the $8 billion Gasifier/Power project in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The same site where we just finished building the world's largest Air Separation Unit complex. This project continues to move forward and we continue to expect on-stream late in calendar 2019. Third, we continue to make great progress on the $3.5 billion Air Separation Unit gasifier project to provide syngas to Yankuang in Shaanxi province. We expect our ownership of the joint venture to be 55% to 60% with the project expected on-stream in 2022. And finally, we also announced an agreement for the first 100% Air Products gasifier project to provide syngas to Jiutai in China expected on-stream in 2022. A key aspect of our strategy is the critical gasification technology.

Please turn to slide number nine for an overview of Air Products to gasification technologies. We have already seen the benefits of our acquisition and joint venture for the shell, solids and liquid gasification technology. This is the same technology being used in the Lu'An and Jazan gasifiers. This is a very well proven technology with hundreds of gasifiers built over the last few decades. Another complement is our recent announcement yesterday to acquire the GE Gasification Business and Technology. The GE gasifier technology was originally developed by Texaco and also hundreds of units built over the last few years. We view these technologies as complementary. There are specific feedstock and product situations for which one technology or the other is better suited. These are technology acquisitions that put us in a better position to win the very large gasification on-site projects in the future.

Now please turn to slide number 10, which shows the results of our three key metrics for the quarter. We remain committed to our goal; to be the most profitable industrial gas company in the world as measured by each of these three key metrics.

Now please go to slide number 11, which is always been my favorite slide. Showing that approximately 1,000 basis points improvement in our EBITDA margin in the last four years.

Finally please turn to slide number 12. Over the last four years, I have stressed the fact that we are committed to deliver at least 10% per year growth in our EPS over the long-term. You can see that we have actually delivered 14% compounded annual growth over the last four years and this year we delivered 18% growth. We will continue to execute our strategy that we believe will drive our EPS by at least 10% per year on average over the coming years.

Now I would like to turn the call over to Mr. Scott Crocco, our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer to discuss our results in detail. Scott?

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you very much Seifi. Now please turn to slide 13 for a full year results from continuing operations. Sales of almost $9 billion increased 9% versus last year, primarily on 6% higher volumes and 1% higher price. We saw strong volume increases across all three regions partially offset by lower activity from the Jazan project in Global Gases. Excluding Jazan volumes were up 10% with about half from new plants. Versus last year pricing was up 1% primarily driven by our China and Europe merchant businesses. Positive currency was driven by the euro, British pound and the Chinese RMB.

EBITDA of over $3.1 billion improved by 11%, driven by the higher volumes, positive pricing, currency and equity affiliate income partially offset by higher costs. Record EBITDA margin of 34.9% was up 70 basis points. Record adjusted earnings per share of $7.45 was up 18% versus prior year. ROCE of 12.4% improved 30 basis points versus last year. The impact on ROCE of our profit improvement is still moderated by the larger denominator, which increased as a result of the gain from the PMD sale in early 2017. The FY 2018 denominator has the PMD gain in all five quarters, while FY 2017 only has three quarters with the PMD gain.

Please turn to slide 14. Our record adjusted full year continuing operations EPS of $7.45 increased by $1.14 per share. Overall higher volumes increased EPS by $0.71 per share. Price and raw materials taken together increased EPS by $0.16. Net cost performance was unfavorable $0.45 as productivity was again offset by a few factors; including inflation, plant maintenance costs and the end of the cost reimbursement for our Port Arthur CO2 capture project. We also continue to see higher costs in strategic areas focused on pursuing exciting growth opportunities.

Currency and foreign exchange was $0.16 favorable primarily due to the euro, British pound and the Chinese RMB. Equity affiliate income added $0.15, primarily due to underlying operational strength in Mexico and Italy. The overall tax rate was a $0.44 benefit versus last year with about $0.33 from the new tax act. For both fiscal year 2019 and Q1 FY 2019, we expect the tax rate of about 20%. Finally, we had other items that combined for a positive $0.02. This includes $0.08 from higher non-operating income primarily from higher interest income. This was somewhat offset by $0.03 higher interest and a $0.03 impact from higher shares outstanding.

Now please turn to slide 15. We had a very strong cash flow year with over $10 per share or $2.2 billion of distributable cash flow, which is up over $300 million from prior year. From the $2.2 billion of distributable cash flow we paid almost $900 million or about 40% as dividends. Even with this robust dividend, we still have over $1.3 billion available for high return investments in our core industrial gas business.

Slide number 16 provides an update on our capital deployment as Seifi previously mentioned. We are making it easier for investors to understand how much we have spent? How much we have committed, and how much remains of our capital deployment capacity. The first point is that we are tracking capital deployment over the five-year period of FY 2018 through FY 2022. As you can see we spent about $1.5 billion on growth projects including M&A, but excluding maintenance capital.

In addition, we have committed but not yet spent almost $6.5 billion on projects and M&A. You have heard both Seifi and I emphasized many times the importance of managing our debt balance to maintain our current targeted A/A2 rating. If we maintain this rating at a debt level of about 3 times the last 12 months EBITDA, we have about $8.5 billion available to invest today. And based on the last 12 months investable cash flow, we expect to have at least $5.5 billion over the next four years. Therefore in total, we have almost $14 billion remaining to invest. The $1.5 billion we have spent this year and the $14 billion available gives us over $15 billion of total available capacity from FY 2018 to FY 2022. So you can see we have spent about 10% and committed about half of the total available capacity.

Turning to slide 17, I'll make a few comments on our quarterly results. Sales of $2.3 billion increased 4% versus last year, as volumes were up 3% and price contributed 1%. We saw strong volume increases in Americas and Asia partially offset by lower activity from the Jazan project in Global Gases. Excluding Jazan volumes were up 6% with about 3% from new plants primarily driven by the Lu'An project. Versus last year pricing impacted our overall sales by a positive 1% primarily driven by China.

Pricing changes are driven by our merchant business, where we saw a 3% increase. EBITDA of $822 million improved by 7%, driven by the higher volumes and equity affiliate income, partially offset by higher costs. EBITDA margin of 35.8% was up 90 basis points, driven by the higher volume. Record adjusted quarterly continuing operations EPS of $2 per share was up 14% versus prior year.

Please turn to slide 18. Our adjusted EPS of $2 increased by $0.24. Overall higher volumes increased EPS by $0.23 per share. Net cost performance was unfavorable $0.16, as productivity was again offset by a few factors. In addition to the ones I had mentioned during my full year comments, we also saw higher supply chain costs in the Americas and Asia. Equity affiliate income added $0.04 primarily due to the underlying operating strength in Mexico and Italy. The overall tax rate was a $0.15 benefit versus last year. You can also see we had several non-GAAP items that totaled to $0.05 benefit for the quarter. These included pension settlement, a valuation change due to a change in inventory accounting policy and a few tax reform related items.

Now to begin the review of our business segment results, I'll turn the call back over to Seifi.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you Scott. Please turn to slide number 19, Gases Asia, where we continue to deliver strong sales and profit growth, thanks to the efforts of our excellent and committed team in Asia. Sales increased 15% versus last year, driven by very strong volume growth and higher prices. Volumes were up 14%, the new projects driving about 10% of the increase, while base business and acquisitions were roughly equal to the rest. Lu'An was a significant contributor this quarter responsible for about half of the total sales growth. Pricing for the region was up 3% versus last year the sixth consecutive quarter of year-on-year improvement. This also marked a 2% sequential increase from the prior quarter showing the continuing strength in this region's merchant market primarily in China.

Strong base volumes the addition of Lu'An and favorable pricing drove profits and margins higher. EBITDA increased over 20% and EBITDA margin improved 210 basis points, compared to prior year. Consistent with our prior guidance Lu'An contributed about $0.04 of EPS this quarter. As I said we are pleased that all four gasifier trains have come on stream and expect Lu'An to contribute more than $0.25 earnings per share in fiscal year 2019. We continue to believe that our business in China will improve in the coming year and we have not seen any negative impact as a result of the imposed tariffs.

Now I would like to turn the call back to Scott to discuss our Americas results. Scott?

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Seifi. Please turn to slide 20 for a review of our Gases Americas result. For the quarter sales grew 4% on higher volumes and price. Volumes improved 4% as both on-site and merchant volumes were strong. Our new plant in Baytown, Texas supported increased hydrogen demand on the Gulf Coast. Merchant volumes also grew despite the termination of a wholesale contract in Q4 of FY 2017.

Overall price was 1% higher, which is our first positive pricing result in the last six quarters. Americas EBITDA was roughly equal to prior year as improved volume and price, as well as higher equity affiliate income due to better results in Mexico were offset by increased costs. While we did have positive productivity this was one more -- more than offset by higher power costs and we no longer have the cost reimbursement for our Port Arthur CO2 capture project. We saw higher transportation costs in part due to driver shortages. Finally the difficult business environment in South America negatively impacted our ability to collect from certain customers.

As a result EBITDA margin was down 160 basis points. Sequentially sales and EBITDA both improved 4%. Strong volumes drove higher sales and EBITDA was further supported by lower cost, as maintenance activities were lower this quarter.

Now I would like to turn the call back over to Simon to discuss our other segments. Simon?

Simon Moore -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thank you, Scott. Please turn to slide 21 for a review of our gases EMEA results. Sales were up 8%, primarily driven by 7% higher energy pass-through mostly due to a significant increase in natural gas prices in India. Volumes contributed a positive 2%, due to merchant growth, as well as recent acquisitions. Higher merchant pricing added another 1%. Improved merchant markets lifted both price and volume in our package gases and liquid bulk businesses. As a reminder the India plant was fully on stream in Q4 last year, so there was no year-over-year benefit in Q4 this year.

EBITDA declined 5% as unfavorable currency and higher costs negated the positive pricing effect and better equity affiliate performance in Italy. Power cost in Europe have risen sharply during the quarter and our team is working hard to recover these higher cost through pricing actions. EBITDA margin was 31.4% a drop of 410 basis points. Excluding the impact of higher energy pass-through EBITDA margin was down 180 basis points primarily due to the higher power costs. Sequentially EBITDA margin was down, but would have been nearly flat excluding the higher energy pass-through.

Now please turn to slide 22 for a brief comment on our Global Gases segments, which includes our Air Separation Unit sale of equipment business, as well as central industrial gas business costs. EBITDA was flat although sales were down due to lower project activity as we approach the conclusion the Jazan ASU sales equipment project. We continue to expect the Jazan ASU project on stream in phases in fiscal 2019, but we do expect the Jazan ASU overall to be a headwind for FY 2019 versus FY 2018.

Now please turn to slide 23 for a brief comment on our corporate segment, which includes our LNG business, our helium container business and our corporate costs. Sales increased modestly, compared to prior year, as we began to see renewed interest in LNG projects. Overall segment profit was up due to additional equipment sales and lower costs. We continue to be optimistic about the future prospects for the LNG business, but only anticipate a modest earnings improvement in FY 2019.

Now I'm pleased to turn the call back over to Seifi for a discussion of our outlook.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Simon. Our team around the world all of us continue to be very excited about Air Products' future. Our safety, productivity and operating performance continue to provide the foundation for our continued growth and our Five-Point Plan provides the framework to drive our success going forward. As I said before we have the financial capacity, the opportunities and the team to successfully win key growth projects. There is no doubt that there is uncertainty in the world, I guess that's an understatement. And while we cannot predict or control worldwide political or economical developments, we do have control over the operational performance and growth of Air Products, and we are confident we will continue to deliver on the commitments that we have made.

Let me address what we are seeing relative to global trade relationships and tariffs. Very simply we have not and I stress not seen any material impact on Air Products at this point. Our business is local, so we don't have any direct exposure to import/export tariffs. Also we have not seen customers changing their behavior or attitude to others and we have not seen any impact on our major projects or interaction with customers in the different parts of the world.

Now please turn to slide number 24. We are all working hard every day to be the safest, most diverse and most profitable industrial gas company in the world providing excellent service to our customers. Our guidance for fiscal year 2019 is for a range of $8.05 to $8.30. At midpoint our guidance represents 10% growth over our very strong fiscal year 2018 performance. As I said we remain confident in our ability to deliver on our commitment to grow EPS by more than 10% per year on average in the future. For quarter one of fiscal year 2019, our earnings per share guidance is $1.85 to $1.90 at midpoint up 5% over last year.

But I would like to remind you that in quarter one of fiscal year 2018 there was an $0.08 benefit from a plant sale in Asia that we'll not repeat. Excluding this item our quarter one guidance is up 10% versus prior year. We expect our capital expenditure to be in the range of $2.3 billion to $2.5 billion in fiscal year 2019. We expect the Jazan gasification power joint venture to close late in calendar 2019, so we have not included this in our fiscal 2019 CapEx forecast. You can also see, we have about $7 billion of commitments including projects and M&A. This is up significantly as it now includes the Jazan, Yankuang, Jiutai gasification projects.

And then please turn to slide 25. As always our real competitive advantage is the commitment and motivation of the great team we have at Air Products. That is what allows us to continue to generate our superior safety and operational performance. I want to thank all of our 15,000 people around the world for their total commitment and hard work and for embracing the opportunities in front of us with energy and a spirit of working together. And as I always say I'm very proud to be part of this winning team. As you know execution without strategy is aimless and our strategy without execution is worthless. Our Five-Point is our strategy. Our people's execution against this strategy in the years to come, we'll ensure our continued success and value-creation.

Now we are delighted to answer your questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

(Operator Instructions) And we'll take our first question from P. J. Juvekar from Citi. Please go ahead.

P. J. Juvekar -- Citi -- Analyst

Yes. Hi, good morning, Seifi.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, P. J. How are you, this morning?

P. J. Juvekar -- Citi -- Analyst

Good. In Americas and Europe, the leverage from sales growth doesn't seem to be coming down to EBITDA line. Last quarter it was maintenance cost, this quarter I think you mentioned high power cost. When can we begin to see the leverage flow into the EBITDA line?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well first of all you're absolutely correct that the margins are the kind of the marginal contribution has been coming down. You mentioned the reasons very accurately in Americas, which is a combination of a lot of things hydrogen turnarounds, driver shortages and a lot of other things that I can delineate for you. And in Europe, we have had a significant issue with power cost that we haven't been able to recover. We are working very hard and we are hoping that we will reverse these trends in 2019.

P. J. Juvekar -- Citi -- Analyst

Okay. And then quickly on margin utilization. Can you compare them around the world. Now that you're getting pricing in each region. What can we expect, what are we seeing in terms of utilization in each region?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Overall, our utilization in Europe is still around 78%, 79%. In the US it is approximately the same. In China it obviously difference from different parts of China. There are parts of China where our utilization is almost 90% and that is what is helping us to drive the prices up.

P. J. Juvekar -- Citi -- Analyst

Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, P. J.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from Robert Koort from Goldman Sachs. Please go ahead.

Robert Koort -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Year-over-year variance and how you drove your EPS growth. As we look into 2019, I think you mentioned Jazan will be a headwind, I don't suspect tax will be as big of a tailwind and may be exiting the fourth quarter the US and Americas, EMEA were not that growing so much. So can you give us a sense of what those buckets would look like that drive that pretty significant EPS growth we see in 2019?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

The main reasons -- first of all good morning, Bob. The main drivers for increasing our EBITDA significantly next year and as you see we are suggesting about 10%, but I mean that is actually more than that if you take away the effect of the tax. But fundamentally the drivers are our growth projects that are coming on stream in China, in India in the US, so -- and then we are hoping that there are some other projects that we haven't announced would materialize.

And then in addition to that we are hoping that the utilization rates will may be improve slightly in China, I don't know about how it will work out in the US, because as you know manufacturing in the last six months in the US has actually gone down and so those are the factors. And then in addition, Bob I have to say that I'm not that excited about our performance on cost last year, and I'm hoping that we will have additional productivity and cost improvement programs that would help deliver the results.

Robert Koort -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

And for my follow-up, Seifi you guys had about 1% price improvement this year. Can you give us some sense of what you might see in fiscal 2019?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well Bob, first of all the 1% I'm sure, you know, that the 1% is over our total portfolio. So since half of our portfolio is on-site where we don't get any price increase, therefore the price increase on our merchant side is really 2%. But as far as the future, you know, because of the nature of our industry, I would hesitate to make any comment on that.

Robert Koort -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

All right. Thanks, Seifi.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you very much, Bob.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from Jeff Zekauskas with JPMorgan. Please go ahead.

Jeff Zekauskas -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Hi, good morning.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, Jeff. How are you this morning?

Jeff Zekauskas -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Very fine. How do you think the Praxair Linde merger will change the industrial gas landscape or perhaps will change the opportunities for Air Products in the coming year?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, you know, Jeff I'm obviously very hesitant to make any comments about other peoples business. But as I said during my comments, we do not expect any change in our strategy. We have said that publicly and I recently put out a memo to our own people. We had a strategy, we are executing that strategy and quite frankly I do not see any change or any reason for change as a result of the merger. Because the merger hasn't really changed anything, it just a little bit moving the pieces on the chess board.

So we do not -- and in terms of opportunities actually the we think that, that might enhance opportunities for us, because usually there is a customer who was going to divide their business by four giving each one of us 25%. Now they divided by three and therefore we will get more share and the other guys will get less share. So we actually think that overall as I said no change in terms of what we do, and if anything slightly positive.

Jeff Zekauskas -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Okay. Can you compare what you paid for the GE Technology business to what you paid for the Shell business? And what is the annual revenues of the GE business? And what were the annual revenues of the Shell business?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

On both of those things we have an agreement with both Shell and GE not to disclose those numbers. I would have not mind disclosing them, but they don't want to do that. And in terms of what we paid for them, let's just say general thing that approximately similar.

Jeff Zekauskas -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Okay, great. Thank you so much.

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Jeff, as we said before the value creation of those acquisitions is much more about the ability to be in a better position for the big on-site projects than the specifics associated with the technology licensing revenues.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Absolutely, because we bought the business for -- and the Shell business the acquisition of that has given us significant advantage in knowing the future projects that might happen. So that has been a very successful thing and I'm very happy that we were able to reach an agreement with GE. It took a very long time, but they have an excellent technology, it's their former technical technology, I'm very familiar with that. I was trying to promote that in 1990s with (inaudible) to try to get BOC in that business, but that didn't happen. So I'm very pleased that we were able to acquire that. Thank you, Jeff.

Jeff Zekauskas -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Okay, great. Thank you so much.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from John McNulty from BMO Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yeah. Thanks for taking my question. On the GE gasification business, I guess when you think about how much it potentially expands your addressable market. Is that the right way to think about it? And if it is, how much does that help when you kind of bundle that in with the Shell platform as well?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

First of all good morning, John. And secondly it almost doubles it, because GE and Shell Technologies are approximately equal rate in terms of what is being used. And therefore it literally doubles the exposure that we have and our ability to promote that technology, and obviously if we have the technology for a gasifier our chances of building and owning and operating that gasifier significantly increases.

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Great, thanks. And then just a question you had announced a couple of -- I guess the couple of new projects during the quarter the Kingsport facilities and also the -- I believe it was a liquid helium platform as well. I guess can you help us to understand how to think about the earnings power on those, I guess the ones tied to Eastman it sounds like they're more like replacement projects. So if you can kind of help us to think about how to quantify that, that would be helpful.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure, John. And John first of all Eastman coal gasification project, it is more than replacement, it is actually there is some additional volumes that they will need, but that will contribute to our earnings about three years from now, once after they have built the plant. And in terms of the other things they also announced Juitai, which is a big project about $600 million investment and that is going to come on stream on 2021.

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Great. Thanks very much.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from Vincent Andrews with Morgan Stanley. Please go ahead.

Vincent Andrews -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Good morning, everyone.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, Vincent. How are you?

Vincent Andrews -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

I'm very well. Thank you, Seifi. Another question on the GE gasification Technology. The slide talks about adaptable to a wide range of feedstocks. Maybe you could just help us understand sort of what the principal wide range of feedstocks is in there? And maybe again how that expands your palate?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

The principal applications on that is in coal and natural gas gasification, they have an excellent technology for that. And the technology is related to the quality of the coal, the ash content of the coal whether you use a slurry system and all of that, then that is why we were keen to have both Shell and GE, because then we can tailor make it to the specific situation that the customers have.

Vincent Andrews -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Okay. And just as a follow-up, you referenced in South America inability to collect on payments. Is that a function of customers being below minimum take-or-pay or is that a separate type of issue?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

It's just the issue of some customers going bankrupt.

Vincent Andrews -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Okay.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

And a merchant business.

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yeah.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, very little on-site, (inaudible)

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Right.

Vincent Andrews -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you very much.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from Christopher Parkinson from Credit Suisse. Please go ahead.

Christopher Parkinson -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Great. So you've recently seeing more positive some projects in the US and India and there's always the Middle East for obvious reasons. But just given the remaining plus or minus $8.5 billion left to deploy over the next few years in these projects and these geographies. Are the recent acquisitions, I mean, obviously Shell and GE were both very intentional. Are they complementary, and is there anything that you are attempting to triangulate for the ongoing bidding processes of these potential projects or are there other technologies you still feel you would need to acquire?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, I don't want to comment on the second part. But first of all good morning, Chris.

Christopher Parkinson -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Good morning.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

The second thing is that when you look at the GE technology, GE technology has been chosen actually for some very big projects in India some of it has been publicly announced. So that I think is giving us an opportunity, and then obviously we are looking forward to deploying some of these for projects in the US absolutely.

Christopher Parkinson -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Got it. And just given the volatility of the electricity rates in Europe and just broadly. Could you just give us to puts and takes of the merchant market and trying to -- how you're thinking about that not only in the next quarter, but over the next year? And what you're hearing from your team there? Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well the thing is that our teams are obviously optimistic, but they are in no position to predict what happens to Brexit or what happens to the elections tonight in the US. So we are at the mercy of industrial production. GDP really doesn't mean very much to our business. Because it includes financial activity and people going out for dinner (ph). We are focused on industrial production, and that we have given you the guidance on the basis of -- we have been a little bit conservative, we don't see a significant improvements. So now if for some magic reasons things significantly improve we'll benefit from that. But we have been on the cautious side.

Christopher Parkinson -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Thanks, Seifi.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Chris.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from Duffy Fischer from Barclays. Please go ahead.

Michael Leithead -- Barclays -- Analyst

Good morning, guys. This is Mike Leithead on for Duffy this morning.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Mike.

Michael Leithead -- Barclays -- Analyst

Hi. Seifi could you maybe expand on the synergies of having both GE and Shell gasification technology. And what it mean by that is in your mind does having both technologies provide you with a meaningful bidding advantage versus saying having one or the other, so sort of a one plus one equals three type equation? Just how should we think about the complementary nature of these?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

So just think of a situation, if there are 10 projects and half of them are using Shell and half of them are using GE by owning the GE technology now we have an opportunity to participate in all 10 rather than five of them. So it is complementary and it does expand our scope. It's actually a very positive thing, Mike.

Michael Leithead -- Barclays -- Analyst

Got it. That's helpful. And then maybe one for Scott. Could you just remind us on how the P&L impact shifts for the Jazan ASUs as the project is complete and we start to ramp it up in 2019?

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

So, yes. So thanks for the question. So in terms of Jazan two parts, there is the SOE, that we've been doing over the last couple of years, as Seifi mentioned, I think in the prepared remarks that's ramping up here in the next year. And so you'll see that as a headwind and again, I think Seifi addressed that earlier. Then our 25% that we own for the long-term supply contract is going to be an equity affiliate and it's going to be very, very small contribution. So not much in there going forward from that portion of the Jazan opportunity.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Can I just add, but that is for the air separation unit part, that means basically, if you are saying that you are not going to see a lot of -- actually you're going to see a headwind from the air separation unit part in 2019. But the gasifier part is the big part and that one is going to be significant contribution in 2020 after the -- actually we close it in 2019.

Michael Leithead -- Barclays -- Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from David Begleiter with Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead.

David Begleiter -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Good morning, Seifi. How are you?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

I'm fine, David. Haven't seen you for a while. How is everything?

David Begleiter -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Very good. Thank you. Seifi Just looking at your large project activity. Could you work around your key regions, China, India, the Middle East and the US. Talk about the pace and cadence of activity that you're seeing today?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Okay. We see significant opportunities still in the US. Some of these projects were delayed, but there are a lot of projects in the US, whether they are methanol projects, whether they are ammonia products and all of that. We are obviously involved in all of them and I hope they materialize because as you know our preference if the opportunities exist that we would invest all of our $15 billion in the US. I mean that goes without any saying, this is the place to our home base and this is where we want to invest. So we see still opportunities in the US.

Then there are significant and I mean significant opportunities in China. They are -- there's more projects that they can handle quite honestly right now. There is (Technical Difficulty) a starting to have significant opportunities in India, because of the change in the law that they had about coal ownership. So a lot of people are participating in that, and there was a big announcement about fertilizer project, which is gasification in India and all of that, so we are seeing that.

In Saudi Arabia you have seen the opportunities and we believe that there will be opportunities in other parts of the world, I don't want to be that specific. But the pipeline is pretty robust and with us being on top of both technologies, which are the key technologies being used I think we should have a competitive advantage. Obviously time will tell and the results will backup, but they are claiming, but we remain very optimistic.

David Begleiter -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Very good. And Scott following up Bob's earlier question on the 2019 earnings bridge you have about saying a $0.75 forecast that increased. Could you just broadly speaking breakout that saying a $0.75 bridge between 2019 and 2018, if possible?

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Well, we don't give out all the specifics. I think though Seifi and his comments back to Bob, talked about the new on-streams the full year impact as well as new things coming on stream hopefully favorable volume growth and pricing so forth. Let me add a couple of things, tax as well as currency. So we see as I think I mentioned in my prepared remarks 20% effective tax rate booked for next year, which would translate into about a $0.10 headwind. And it's really driven by the absence of some favorable things, some favorable tax audit settlements we had in this year. So that's part of the bridge into 2019.

The other is currency and we see somewhere in the order of about $0.10 to $0.15 headwind on currency, and just recall the way that we look at this, we just take the last data points on currency, and then just move that sideways through the year as supposed to try to project where rates are going to go. Let me give you, so everybody can have their own view where currency is going to go. And again our view is, at this point in time it's about $0.10 to $0.15. Let me give you the rules of thumb that you can apply to whatever your own assumptions are.

So if we move the RMB by 10% and as always I want to remind folks this is just mathematics, right. It's just translations there's no transaction there. So if we move the RMB by 10%, it translates into about a $0.12 change for the year. The euro same 10% swing and exchange would be about $0.09. And then there's a handful of other ones that each of which are about $0.03 to $0.04 that includes the pound and the Korean won, Taiwanese dollar and the Canadian dollar. So each of those individually the exchange moves about 10% to be $0.03 to $0.04 on an annual basis. And what I'd just given there plus the US sales is about 90% of our sales. So hopefully that's helpful, so you can put it in your models.

David Begleiter -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Very helpful. Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, David.

Operator

We'll take our next question from Steve Byrne with Bank of America. Please go ahead.

Steve Byrne -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Yes, thank you. Would you characterize the number of coal gasification projects under consideration in China, including refurbishments of old gasifiers as being in the neighborhood of a few or more likely a few dozen?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

How about like 50?

Steve Byrne -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Okay. To the extent that the new plants are much more efficient than the old ones. What's the role of the Chinese government in any of these? Are they providing any support, financing-wise, or streamlined regulatory path?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Most of these companies that are doing this are the state-owned anyway. So they are 100% owned by the government. Therefore as they invest they obviously have the support of the government.

Steve Byrne -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Just lastly your outlook for incremental demand growth for hydrogen on US coal from IMO 2020?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes we expect that. I think that the industry is -- has not acted, because they are hoping that they would get some help from the White House and delay the implementation, but I don't know where that will go. But in Europe, pretty serious about implementing in that and the rest of the world. And we will in time see significant demand. But as I said it hasn't really happened in the US. Right now it will take about three years before this thing any new plant comps on the stream. And I think most of the people here are thinking that at the end of the day this will become like the auto emission thing. They wait until the late minute nobody does anything and then we kind of say, OK, we delayed another four or five years. That's what the industry is hoping. But I have no insight in terms of what the administration will do.

Steve Byrne -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from Don Carson with Susquehanna Financial. Please go ahead.

Don Carson -- Susquehanna Financial -- Analyst

Good morning, Seifi.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Hey, good morning, Don. How are you doing?

Don Carson -- Susquehanna Financial -- Analyst

Very good. Thanks. Couple of questions; one, you talked about a slowing base business outlook, I know, as your growth for the full year was 10% ex-Jazan, it's about 6% ex-Jazan in Q4. Was that all due to the slowdown in global industrial production? And what's your specific industrial production forecast for your fiscal 2019 guidance?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well the first question, I think Simon had a quick answer for that.

Simon Moore -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Yes just remember of course that we didn't have any year-over-year volume benefit from the big plant in India this quarter and the prior four quarters we did. So that slows the comparator down.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Exactly. So it's the effect of the plant in India coming on the stream. So we haven't really seen any slowdown in that respect. In terms of industrial production, Don. I mean you are more of an expert anyone of us here. I mean we can't predict what's going to happen tomorrow. So I'm -- you can ask me, I mean, but I can answer is that in terms of our guidance the way we have come up with the guidance is that we have assumed that there will be no significant uptick, but at the same time no significant downturn. So we are expecting or we are giving you our guidance based on the fact that things will stay about the same. So if there's any significant change up or down then obviously we'll be affected by that.

Don Carson -- Susquehanna Financial -- Analyst

And on the cost side both in Europe with power and North America with supply chain. Do you have the ability to surcharge for those two specific items? And if not how do you expect to address those costs in fiscal 2019?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, we theoretically have the ability and I always everyday challenge our people to use that ability and the contractual ability to increase the prices. But we obviously depends on what our competitors do. But those are the challenges that we have to face in 2019. And the way we have given you the guidance is that we have assumed that we will overcome those challenges.

Don Carson -- Susquehanna Financial -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Don.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from John Roberts with UBS. Please go ahead.

John Roberts -- UBS -- Analyst

Thank you. I forgot if you mentioned it, but are you a major oxygen supplier to many of these GE gasification locations?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

The existing ones I think we are by far the most major supplier in terms of sale of gas. Yes, but a lot these projects that I'm talking about in the future obviously they haven't been built, but --

John Roberts -- UBS -- Analyst

But how many existing gasifiers do you supply oxygen to?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

We supply to about at least eight of them, but some of them have four or five units. So we supply more than 10,000 ton a day of oxygen to these people.

John Roberts -- UBS -- Analyst

Okay, thanks. And then Praxair Linde still have some dividable coming post closing assets in Korea and neon in the US. I assume you would not be allowed to bid for those, but I just want to do check.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

We are not counting on it at all. That's correct.

John Roberts -- UBS -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you.

Operator

We'll take our next question from Jonas Oxgaard with Bernstein. Please go ahead.

Jonas Oxgaard -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Hi, good morning.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Hey, how are you?

Jonas Oxgaard -- Bernstein -- Analyst

I'm great. Two-part question, if you will on yet another two on the coal gasification here. I was wondering, if this also means a research push from you guys on developing better, more efficient, cleaner et cetera. And if we could to see an uptick in R&D spend as a result? The second question on the same topic here is my understanding was that the GE Xinhua venture was the provider of practically all the GE license gasifiers in China. How does that JV fit into it your plans of going into the gasification in China?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Great questions. First of all your first question, yes it does mean that we are going to spend more on R&D, that is one of the reasons that you see a negative cost in 2018 performance. That's very true and we are committed to remain true that we provide the support for these technologies to improve forward. The other thing is that we are now in China, a partner with Xinhua. That means that the way we bought this thing, we bought all the rights to the gasification -- GE gasifiers in -- outside of China it's all 100% ours and in China we are partner with Xinhua, which is now called China Energy Corporation. So we are their partner.

Jonas Oxgaard -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Okay. How does that partnership interact with your strategy of becoming the builder operator of these gasification units?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

It is significantly held. Because hopefully they will bond to the new gasifiers and all of that and now we are, I mean China Energy Corporation is one of the largest companies in the world. They are operating about I think at least 10 gasifiers in China. Most of them do use GE technology. And they have plans for the future. So we are very, very honored and happy to be a partner with the China Energy Corporation former Xinhua.

Jonas Oxgaard -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Okay, very good. Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

We'll take our next question from Mike Harrison with Seaport Global Securities. Please go ahead.

Mike Harrison -- Seaport Global Securities -- Analyst

Hi, good morning.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, Mike. How are you doing today?

Mike Harrison -- Seaport Global Securities -- Analyst

Doing well, thanks, Seifi. Just going back to the EU, the European power cost situation. You've dealt with this fairly recently in the past. You seem to have managed through it and now we're getting hit with what you called another surge. Can you quantify how much impact you saw this quarter and is it something that's carrying into Q4? And the fact that you dealt with these cost increases pretty recently, does that make it any easier to may be pass this through to customers or get additional pricing?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, Mike it's a very good question. Obviously power cost are going to go up in Europe, because, I mean you pay a price if you want clean energy and you don't want to use a nuclear power plants therefore the cost of renewable energy and all of that is higher. The issue that we have with these power cost and all of that is that when they happen we have a program, we understand how to increase prices to recover that, which is not easy, but if there is a delay factor. So when it happens in a quarter we are not going to instantly be able to recover that in the same quarter. So usually we have a impact on the quarter and then one or two quarters based around they've increased the prices and we recover that. So there's a little bit of a phasing here.

Mike Harrison -- Seaport Global Securities -- Analyst

Understood. And then another question regarding the competitive environment. You talked a little bit about the change related to four major players now becoming three. But we also had divestitures to two call them somewhat smaller players that are going to make those two competitors a little bit bigger. Do you see them having a significant impact on the -- in particular the merchant gas competitive landscape over the next couple of years?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, again I mean, what do you want me to say? I mean, in terms of competitors we consider we have two competitors. The rest of them are companies. We don't consider them competitor.

Mike Harrison -- Seaport Global Securities -- Analyst

All right. Thanks very much.

Operator

And we'll take our next question from Lauren Alexander from Jefferies. Please go ahead.

Lauren Alexander -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Good morning and just two quick clarifications. The only capital outlay for the gasification this year will be the Jazan investment is that right? Or more of that $7 billion pipeline get pulled into 2019? And secondly just comparing pages 16 and 24 it looked like you're calling out about $600 million of M&A. Is that future M&A related to bolt-ons or decaptivation or is that including the gasification acquisitions?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well first of all with respect to the first question that you had. Let me put this thing in context, because we're careful about how we talk about these things. When we talk about M&A that includes buying a company or it includes the captivation, so we expect that. The second thing is that in terms of spending money for example in Jiutai we signed a contract last year $600 million, we are going to spend capital on building that brand obviously tomorrow and some other projects that we have won.

So that is why our capital expenditure for next year, we are giving you a guidance of $2 billion to $2.5 billion, which is almost $1 billion more than this year, which is spending money on the projects we have won, so that they come on stream in 2020, 2021.

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Just to clarify one thing, we did say that Jazan gasifier project is not included in our capital guidance. As Seifi said we expect that to close late in 2019. And just one more point to make too is that on one of the slides we're showing the remaining capital spend on our commitments and the other one we're showing the total amount, so I think that's the difference that you're talking about there.

Lauren Alexander -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Got it. Thanks.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Okay. Thank you, Lauren. And we have time for one more questions.

Operator

Perfect. We'll take our last question from Jim Sheehan from SunTrust. Please go ahead.

Pete Osterland -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

This is Pete Osterland on for Jim.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi.

Pete Osterland -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

In Asia you called out volume growth from Lu'An, as well as pricing strength in the merchant market and I'm just trying to size. Can you estimate how much of the EBITDA margin uplift that you experienced during the quarter was due to each of these?

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, the thing is that we said that half of our growth, I mean, we have specifically said that Lu'An contributed $0.04 to our bottom line so that's about $12 million approximately. And then merchant growth is basically then they have some other projects coming on stream in addition to Lu'An and then the merchant volume was about maybe 40% of the increase.

Pete Osterland -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you.

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well with that I would like to thank everybody for being on the call. Thanks for taking time from your busy schedule to listen to our presentation. We do appreciate your interest and we look forward to discussing our results with you again next quarter. Have a very nice day, have a nice holidays and all the best. Thank you.

Operator

This concludes today's presentation. We thank you for your participation. You may now disconnect.

Duration: 72 minutes

Call participants:

Simon Moore -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Seifi Ghasemi -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Scott Crocco -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

P. J. Juvekar -- Citi -- Analyst

Robert Koort -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Jeff Zekauskas -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

John McNulty -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Vincent Andrews -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Christopher Parkinson -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Michael Leithead -- Barclays -- Analyst

David Begleiter -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Steve Byrne -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Don Carson -- Susquehanna Financial -- Analyst

John Roberts -- UBS -- Analyst

Jonas Oxgaard -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Mike Harrison -- Seaport Global Securities -- Analyst

Lauren Alexander -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Pete Osterland -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

More APD analysis

Transcript powered by AlphaStreet

This article is a transcript of this conference call produced for The Motley Fool. While we strive for our Foolish Best, there may be errors, omissions, or inaccuracies in this transcript. As with all our articles, The Motley Fool does not assume any responsibility for your use of this content, and we strongly encourage you to do your own research, including listening to the call yourself and reading the company's SEC filings. Please see our Terms and Conditions for additional details, including our Obligatory Capitalized Disclaimers of Liability.

Motley Fool Transcribers has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.