Dow Chemical (NYSE: DOW) reported earnings on Oct. 24. Here are the numbers you need to know.

The 10-second takeaway
For the quarter ended Sep. 30 (Q3), Dow Chemical missed estimates on revenues and beat expectations on earnings per share.

Compared to the prior-year quarter, revenue shrank and GAAP earnings per share shrank significantly.

Gross margins expanded, operating margins expanded, net margins shrank.

Revenue details
Dow Chemical tallied revenue of $13.64 billion. The 13 analysts polled by S&P Capital IQ looked for revenue of $14.22 billion on the same basis. GAAP reported sales were 9.7% lower than the prior-year quarter's $15.11 billion.

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Quarterly periods. Dollar amounts in millions. Non-GAAP figures may vary to maintain comparability with estimates.

EPS details
EPS came in at $0.42. The 17 earnings estimates compiled by S&P Capital IQ predicted $0.38 per share. GAAP EPS of $0.42 for Q3 were 39% lower than the prior-year quarter's $0.69 per share.

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Quarterly periods. Non-GAAP figures may vary to maintain comparability with estimates.

Margin details
For the quarter, gross margin was 16.6%, 200 basis points better than the prior-year quarter. Operating margin was 7.2%, 60 basis points better than the prior-year quarter. Net margin was 4.3%, 170 basis points worse than the prior-year quarter.

Looking ahead
Next quarter's average estimate for revenue is $14.13 billion. On the bottom line, the average EPS estimate is $0.37.

Next year's average estimate for revenue is $57.27 billion. The average EPS estimate is $1.91.

Investor sentiment
The stock has a five-star rating (out of five) at Motley Fool CAPS, with 2,101 members out of 2,230 rating the stock outperform, and 129 members rating it underperform. Among 594 CAPS All-Star picks (recommendations by the highest-ranked CAPS members), 578 give Dow Chemical a green thumbs-up, and 16 give it a red thumbs-down.

Of Wall Street recommendations tracked by S&P Capital IQ, the average opinion on Dow Chemical is hold, with an average price target of $33.87.

Can your portfolio provide you with enough income to last through retirement? You'll need more than Dow Chemical. Learn how to maximize your investment income and get "The 3 DOW Stocks Dividend Investors Need." Click here for instant access to this free report.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.