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What: Shares of independent oil and gas explorer Athlon Energy Inc (NYSE: ATHL) jumped 14% today after the company announced an acquisition.

So what: Athlon is buying properties and undeveloped acreage in the northern Midland Basin for $873 million from five different parties. Net proved reserves based on initial estimates are just 31 MMBOE but management estimates there's reserve potential for 250 MMBOE. 

Now what: This is a sizable acquisition for Athlon and, while it's expected to be cash-flow and net-income positive immediately, it will also require new capital to be completed. Management said it will look to up borrowings from existing revolving credit lines, as well as raise new equity and debt. So, while this transaction should be a positive, it could come with some dilution in the near future.