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Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd (NYSE:CP)
Q2 2020 Earnings Call
Jul 22, 2020, 9:30 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good morning, my name is Jason, and I will be your conference operator today. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to Canadian Pacific's Second Quarter 2020 Conference Call. The slides accompanying today's call are available at www.cpr.ca. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to introduce Maeghan Albiston, AVP, Investor Relations and Pensions to begin the conference.

Maeghan Albiston -- Assistant Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you, Jason. Good morning, everyone, and thank you for joining us today.

Before we begin, I want to remind you that today's presentation contains forward-looking information and that actual results may differ materially. The risks uncertainties and other factors that could influence actual results are described on Slide 2 in our press release and in the MD&A filed with Canadian and U.S. regulators. This presentation also contains non-GAAP measures, which are outlined on Slide 3.

With me here today is Keith Creel, our President and CEO; Nadeem Velani, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer; and John Brooks, Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer. The formal remarks will be followed by Q&A. And in the interest of time, we'd appreciate if you could limit your questions to one and the Investor Relations department would be happy to follow-up with you afterward for any follow-up questions.

It's now my pleasure to introduce Mr. Keith Creel.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Maeghan. Good morning. Beautiful day in Calgary. Let me start first and foremost, I'd be remiss not to begin my comments by applauding and continuing to thank our CP family. 12,000 strong they continue to serve communities throughout Canada and the U.S. with a tremendous amount of pride, and it's that pride and it's our culture of accountability and performance they continue to fuel this unique performance that we produced at CP for our customers, and for our shareholders.

I can tell you as a leader, it's my honor to be able to serve with each of these men and women that make up our CP family every day. These employees are the true heroes that have been supplying and ensuring the supplies that people are dependent upon are delivered. Rest assured, that's a responsibility that none of us take lightly. And I'm grateful to these employees and their union leaders for their continued strength and commitment to delivering for the North American economy, especially during this extraordinary time of need.

So on to the guidance and the results. I can tell you, we've consistently said that PSR is an operating model that works both on the upside and on the downside. And I'm sure that you would agree that today's results are a strong testament to that. In spite of the rapid change in volumes, Mark and the operating team rose to the challenge throughout the quarter. They remain nimble. They adjusted resources in lockstep with our demand from the beginning to the end. This is what has enabled our strong operating performance across the board.

Train weights and lengths, all-time record levels, up 7% and 8% respectively. Locomotive productivity, again an all-time best level, up 2% versus last year. Fuel efficiency, a Q2 record and the second best quarter record for the company at 0.92 gallons per 1,000 GTMs, all of which enabled a record Q2 operating ratio of 57%. And as John will tell you, as he provides color into the markets, this performance enabled us to set a number of new records for our grain and our potash customers that we're extremely proud of.

You also note in our press release today that we provided updated guidance due to the strong performance. To date, we've guided a positive earnings growth for the year. We're following through on our commitment also that we made on our last earnings call restarting our buyback and increasing our dividend. And as I said on our last call, we assured you that CP would emerge this pandemic a stronger company than we went in, and that's exactly what's happening. And it's not just the operating team that's moving the trains day in and day out. It's the folks that are working at home as well, the full team. This is a full team event. The men and women working from their homes have not been resting on their laurels, rest assured.

We've been keeping constructive tension throughout the entire organization. We've challenged all of our people, especially those that are working at home to find new and more innovative ways to work, focus on people, we focus on leadership development and market development. I challenged John and the marketing team, sales team to get closer with the customer, to mine for opportunities, to drive additional volumes to the railroad, to be a problem solver, transportation solution enabler for our customers in these tough times.

We challenged the executive leadership team get out of the office, get on the network, get on the ground. There's never been a better time to spend time with our people, the men and women, the heroes that are moving this traffic day in and day out, not only learn about the business, but let them know how much we appreciate what they're doing day in and day out when they come to work to protect the livelihood of others.

Collectively also, we doubled down on leadership development. That's a legacy that I certainly intend to leave with this company. In order for this company to continue to improve, our leaders have to improve. And as the leaders improve, the company gets stronger. And that's the key to sustainability. That's the key to continuing and sustaining this very unique and special culture of accountability. This culture of performance that fuels these results and that delivers our freight to our customers day in and day out. It's the key to it and we'll continue to develop those leaders through the training, the investment in each individual so they can realize their best potential and CP can realize its best potential.

So the team is getting stronger. We're getting close to our customer. We're developing stronger leaders and we're becoming better railroaders. It's fair to say, we've been on the offense not on the defense through these challenging and turbulent times.

So with that said, now I'm going to turn it over to John to provide a bit more color on the markets.

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

All right. Thank you, Keith, and good morning, everyone. So total revenues were down 9% this quarter to CAD1.8 billion. RTMs were down 10%. FX was up 2%, while fuel was down 3%.

I'll briefly highlight our second quarter performance and provide you guys some color on our major lines of business. I'll speak to the results on a currency-adjusted basis. So starting with grain. Volumes were up 8% on the quarter. Revenues up 3%. I want to start by echoing Keith's comments, and once again, congratulating the CP team and our grain customers for delivering another tonnage record for Canadian grain at 8.4 million metric tons. This beat our previous all-time record in Q4 2019 by 500,000 tons and marked the third consecutive record quarter for Canadian grain.

The results are a testament to the benefit of our covered hopper investment and the partnerships with our customers who are also investing hundreds of millions of dollars on the CP grain franchise through expansions and new developments to enable our unique 8,500 foot high efficiency train product. The proof is in the incremental 2.5 million metric tons of grain we have moved this crop year, all while leveraging existing crews, train starts and network capacity.

We are excited about recent announcements. Viterra's work on the South Shore at the Port of Vancouver to enhance their terminals along with the recent announcement of a new greenfield high throughput elevator exclusive on CP and Roster Manitoba, both of which will be capable of handling our 8,500 foot trains. I'm also extremely pleased with the performance at Alliance Grain Terminals and their decision to move to a 24/7 operation on the Vancouver South Shore, exclusively served by CP. And to service this export terminal, Paterson Grain, a pioneer of our 8,500 foot model will be undergoing three more expansions at its elevators to support this new terminal throughput capacity.

Now looking ahead, we expect grain to be busy the remainder of the year. Carryout from this crop is expected to be close to average and the 2021 crop is maturing well and our customers are expecting it to be greater than 70 million metric tons. On the potash front, volumes and revenues were up 5%. The strength we expected in potash materialized in the quarter. On the export side, continued strong collaboration and execution with the Canpotex team, including increasing train lengths to 188 cars to their Portland terminal, supported a record performance in Q2.

On the domestic side, after consecutive poor application seasons due to weather, we had excellent conditions in the spring and delivered strong service for our shippers. The outlook for potash remains positive, and I expect double-digit growth as demand remains high and back half comps are favorable. We continue to see strong resiliency of the commodities across our agricultural franchise that make up greater than 30% of our book. I expect momentum to continue -- that we've seen year-to-date to continue into the back half of the year.

Moving on to coal, revenues were down 24%, while volumes were down 21% on the quarter. Canadian coal volumes declined as a result of softer demand related to COVID, production challenges at the mines and limited port capacity due to the ongoing expansion at the Neptune terminal. We expect 2020 tonnage to be lower than 2019, and Neptune is expected to be shut down through the end of September.

The energy, chemicals, plastics portfolio saw a revenue decline of 3%, while volumes declined 35%. The significant difference between revenue and volume is driven by crude liquidated damages. These contracts did exactly what we told you and designed them to do. They protected CP from the inherent volatility in crude-by-rail volumes.

Crude volumes fell through Q2 to approximately 8,000 carloads, down about 70% year-over-year. Our guidance assumes minimal crude volumes through the back half of the year. The continued volatility in the crude market only strengthens our conviction in the stability offered by the diluent recovery unit located exclusively on CP in Hardisty, Alberta. Construction is well under way and we expect completion by mid-year '21.

Now turning to MMC, revenues declined 37% and volumes were down 35%. This was all driven by frac sand as it was a big decliner in the quarter as a result of crude market declines and resulting shut-in production. Steel aggregates, other construction inputs, which were all certainly challenged by the pandemic are expected to gradually recover through Q3 as industrial and construction sectors reopen.

Automotive revenues were down 68%, while volumes were down 70% in the quarter due to the North American manufacturing shutdown. Since the restart, restocking efforts and vehicle sales have outpaced our partners' expectations. We have a lot of positive momentum right now in our auto space as we move into Q3, as we welcome two new customers aboard. We welcome FCA at our Calgary and Vancouver auto compounds beginning July 1 and Glovis comes onboard beginning September 1. We continue to utilize our unique land holdings to provide strategic purpose-built compounds for our partners. Through the execution of our automotive playbook, we have launched four new compounds across our network, giving CP customers more optionality and unmatched local market access.

Finally, moving on to intermodal, quarterly volumes were down 7% as a result of overall softer consumer demand across North America. On the domestic intermodal front, we performed well in the quarter in our movement of essential goods, and our refrigerator demand has since returned to pre-pandemic levels. From our trough point to the last week in June, we've seen a 43% increase in RTMs from our temperature-controlled TempPro product. On the retail side of our business, we've had strong performances from our leading retail partners as we move through the quarter with a nearly 50% surge in RTMs since our trough. On the international franchise, it remained resilient. We did not see the expected volume of blank sailings, which helped us stay close to flat year-over-year.

Now looking forward, I am extremely excited about our new access through the CMQ to the Port of Saint John. This port has the potential to be the crown jewel of Eastern Atlantic ports through our strong partnerships with DP World, New Brunswick and the business partners throughout that region. The Port of Saint John offers a low-cost existing capacity that is undergoing over a CAD200 million modernization project. This project combined with CP's shortest route and fastest service to the West offers our customers a new compelling competitive Eastern Canadian option.

So let me close by saying, as Keith said, the sales and marketing team and this company has not been resting on our laurels. We've had the team out cold calling, sales blitzing territories on our network, building new relationships and finding outlets for our customers. That's the PSR culture that we have in the sales and marketing team. I'm pleased with how the team has adapted, and we have a strong pipeline of broad-based opportunities for years to come.

So look, the next several weeks will present challenges as it relates to comps, given our strong industry-leading performance last year, but the volume environment continues to improve. As we look forward, we will continue with our disciplined approach to picking our partners, executing our playbooks, enabling us to outperform the industry.

With that, I'll pass it over to Nadeem.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Great. Thanks, John, and good morning. As Keith and John mentioned, this has been a challenging quarter, but this team of railroaders once again rose to the challenge, as demonstrated by our industry-leading operating results.

As with Q1, I surprised people with the commitment to a sub-60 OR, but our exceptional team went out and managed to exceed my high expectations once again. Overall, the operating ratio decreased 140 basis points to 57%, which is a new CP second quarter record. I've been in this industry for 22 years, and this quarter is a significant milestone. When you can report a 57% operating ratio in a quarter with volumes down this significantly, it gives me a high level of confidence to eventually achieving a mid-50s OR on an annual basis and continue to widen the gap with our Canadian peer.

Moving on to a few of the more notable items on the expense side, I'll be speaking to the operating results on an FX-adjusted basis. Comp and benefits expense was down 11% or CAD41 million versus last year. The primary drivers of the decrease were 10% lower headcount as we furloughed employees and significant efficiency gains from lower crew starts and increased train weights.

The cost control you're seeing is truly structural. Stock-based comp wasn't a material headwind, but on an annual basis at approximately CAD40 million definitely weighed on expense. We continue to deal with the pension headwind of CAD8 million a quarter as well as continue to accrue incentive compensation based on our strong results year-to-date.

Fuel expense decreased CAD112 million, as a result of a 38% decrease in the price paid year-over-year. Lower volume and the benefit from a CAD13 million lag in our fuel surcharge program in Q2, which we do not expect to replicate in Q3. A record Q2 fuel efficiency also played a big role. This also marked our second best ever quarterly fuel efficiency. Our investment in modernizing locomotives, fuel trip optimizer and the 8500-foot grain model continue to drive our fuel efficiency 14% better than the Class 1 average. Since 1990, CP has reduced its locomotive greenhouse gas intensity by 42% avoiding over 31 million metric tons of carbon.

Depreciation expense was CAD195 million, an increase of 6% as a result of a higher asset base. Purchased services was at CAD266 million, relatively flat on the quarter despite lapping a CAD17 million headwind from a land sale in 2019 and approximately CAD10 million in higher casualty costs year-over-year. The team effectively controlled spend and adapted to the current volume environment. This is a testament to what a true PSR railroad is. Mark Redd and the operating team worked closely with John's team, Mike Foran and the asset management team and my finance team to achieve these results. This does not happen by accident.

Moving below the line. The components of net periodic benefit recovery were negatively impacted CAD12 million or 12% primarily due to a lower discount rate. Interest expense was up 5% as a result of foreign exchange on U.S. dollar debt. Income tax expense increased CAD65 million or 52% primarily driven by a recovery in Q2 2019 related to changes in the Alberta corporate tax rate. We now expect an effective tax rate of approximately 24.8% for the year. Rounding out the income statement, adjusted diluted EPS declined 5% in the quarter.

Moving on to the free cash statement. Cash from operations increased 17% on the quarter. We are continuing to adapt in real time as volumes change and the economy moves forward. We are stretching our capital dollars out through greater efficiency. In fact, we experienced all-time highs for engineering efficiency as measured by block time availability. This quarter, our engineering crews had only 6 zero-block days which are days where they could not access the track as compared to 30 zero-block days in Q2 2019. This shows our engineering teams are efficiently able to complete their work and trains were able to run on schedule. Year-to-date, our capital efficiency has improved 19%. So it's a huge credit to the operating teams and the engineering teams that are working collaboratively to enable us to achieve significant capital efficiencies. We remain committed to our CAD1.6 billion of capital spend for the year and are managing the capital envelope for the long-term benefit of the company.

Rest assured, we continue to maintain discipline on capital deployment as evidenced by our adjusted return on invested capital of 17.1%. As a final note, we continue to be in a position of strength from a liquidity perspective. As of June 30, our CAD1.3 billion revolver was undrawn and we had no commercial paper outstanding. We are proactively managing liquidity and feel confident in our decision to increase the dividend by approximately 15%, which we announced yesterday on our path to an adjusted payout ratio of 25% to 30%. Since 2015, we have led the industry in dividend growth with a compound annual growth rate of 17%. We will continue to balance our shareholder returns and they have restarted the buyback program, which is about 40% complete. We'll remain opportunistic and disciplined on the buyback. As Keith spoke to, our strong performance year-to-date and our increased clarity on the back half of the year have given us the confidence to increase our guidance to EPS growth -- to EPS growth for the year.

The PSR model is one that really works in any environment and I can't think of any better proof point than our performance this quarter. I'm confident that in 2020, it will be our fourth consecutive year leading the industry in train accident ratio, EPS growth, and return on invested capital. With that, I'll turn it back over to Keith to wrap things up.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Okay, thank you, Nadeem and John for the color. And I think we'll save the balance of our time. I'm going to turn it over to the operator to open up for questions for the discussion.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Jon Chappell from Evercore ISI. Your line is open.

Jonathan Chappell -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Thank you. Good morning, everyone.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning.

Jonathan Chappell -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

John, I want to ask you about some of the commentary you made on the intermodal and the auto side. Clearly inventories in North America are very low. The blank sailings are much lower if not reversing and the auto plants are kind of cranking. When you speak to your customers, how much of the restocking seems to be a 3Q event only and how do they feel about the duration of potentially the entire second half of the year on both of those business segments?

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

Yeah. So maybe a couple of comments on that, Jon. Look, like everybody else, we're continuing to navigate this uncertainty. So the auto manufacturers, the retailers, it's -- if you know the answer of what this pandemic looks like over the next six months, we're all sort of estimating and guessing based on that. Now that being said, we have definitely seen those areas ramp up and I think our expectation is we're going to continue to see that stabilize probably through Q3 and then maintain that sort of pace or that gentle recovery as we move into Q4. Certainly, in the auto space right now, we're seeing an initial surge and that probably doesn't continue, but don't forget, we are going to see a nice bump at the back half of this quarter as we see Glovis join our auto franchise, which is going to be a significant tailwind for us.

Jonathan Chappell -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

That's great. Thank you for the feedback.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Tom Wadewitz from UBS. Your line is open.

Tom Wadewitz -- UBS -- Analyst

Yeah. Good morning and congratulations on a really strong performance in the quarter. Wanted to see if you could offer some thoughts perhaps, Keith, on just the scheduled changes that you made in order to achieve the 8% increase in train length and how you would think about operating leverage, given that you've already expanded train length. Do you expect that number to keep going up as volumes come back? Any thoughts about kind of volumes coming back, unit train versus carload. But how do we think about that operating leverage given that you did so well in the quarter with expanding train lengths?

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, listen, let me start with a -- probably a pretty known fact, at least in my company, our company. I'm a pretty demanding person and I've got pretty high expectations and got a lot of confidence in Mark and the team. They were challenged with, take our plan, which obviously was built for a different demand level and adjust it and tweak it and as you do that and you consolidate, you get an opportunity to realize some of these synergies. So that did help with train weights, that did help the train lengths. So as the business comes back, you'll adjust some of those things, but you won't see a monumental change. I mean you might see 1% or 2% but the expectations aren't going to change. We'll become smarter as we go through these processes and we go through these challenges. Some of the things that will offset even maybe that degradation is getting a full impact of some of the operational changes we made prior to the pandemic and I'll speak specifically to potash. This time, last year, or in 2019, we moved a lot of potash for Canpotex, and when I say a lot, the tonnage that we moved, we moved it differently. We were running a 172 car trains to Vancouver. We were running a 130 car trains to Portland. But we flipped that model upside down, we've taken the next step. We're running 200 car trains to Vancouver today. And in partnership with DP, we're running 180 car trains to Portland.

So those incremental gains from productivity gives me the confidence that you might see a little tweaking, but you're not going to see much degradation, Tom, because of the fundamental changes we've made in the network. And that's just one story. I could get into a lot more detail but just rest assured, you look at our track record. We challenge ourselves to get smarter every year. This is a process of continual improvement. We're eight years into PSR, this isn't new to us. We understand what we're doing, it's woven into our DNA. We know where our pinch points are. And as we attack those issues and we become better leaders and better railroaders, we sustain, maintain and continue to improve.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Steve Hansen from Raymond James. Your line is open.

Steve Hansen -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Yeah. Good morning, guys. Just a quick question for you, maybe John, on the potash outlook. I think you described double-digits through the back half year. Some of the larger exporters have signed contracts through October. I'm just curious if you have any visibility right through the end of the year when the comps really do start getting easier. Just any context around sort of that cadence as to how that will continue to flow would be great? Thanks.

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

Yeah, Steve. So if you think back to last year, we saw a little bit of decline start to take place in August. And then September, you saw a pretty dramatic fall off. So I'm confident we're going to see a pretty big spike as we hit September and certainly October. Now discussions with Canpotex, I think they remain very bullish on the marketplace. You're right, there are some contract extensions they have to work through that will cover off the very back half of the year. But like anything, I think they've been resilient as they've worked through those negotiations with China. They've opened up new markets and strengthened relationships into other areas such as India. And so I think they remain quite optimistic that this thing is going to remain strong right through the end of the year, Steve.

Steve Hansen -- Raymond James -- Analyst

I appreciate it, guys. Great quarter. Thanks.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Ravi Shanker from Morgan Stanley. Your line is open.

Ravi Shanker -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thanks. Good morning, everyone. Keith and Nadeem, a quarter ago if I had offered you earnings down 5% this quarter, I suspect you'd have taken that with both hands. So if we can just take a step back here and kind of look at this performance in the context of what is to come, I mean, do we think of this as you guys just performing remarkably well to limit the downside in an extremely challenging quarter or do we say, hey, they did a 57% OR in a quarter like this, which means if the cadence of the volume recovery that we saw in the second half of June continues through 3Q, 4Q and '21 that mid-50s OR is something that can be achievable as early as next year?

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Well, I think it was a phenomenal quarter. I think it's -- there was nothing unique about it. This is -- I mean, when Keith built this team and he took over as CEO, I mean this has been a long time coming. This wasn't just an overnight kind of fix. This is building the team, building beyond the people that you know. We all have strong benches behind us with the best team in the industry.

And so we'll take what the environment gives. And I think we're very proactive and very collaborative and can adjust, obviously as you saw this quarter to what the volume environment is. But when we look at what we have ahead of us, I mean, we're probably as John would say, as bullish around our revenue outlook over the next two years as we've ever been.

And from a cost point of view, why I say this is a bit of a milestone quarter is, when our operating team and our markets -- asset management team and our finance team and so forth can put together -- adjust the OR and adjust our expenses to overcome this kind of headwind in a downside scenario as we saw, to your point, on the operating leverage, on the upside, it creates kind of a new environment and a new perspective on what you can deliver.

Now do I think we can hit a mid-50s OR next year? I don't want to say that right now in the middle of a pandemic in July of 2020. But I certainly have a lot of confidence that we will continue to improve our OR. We'll have the best OR in the industry this year. We have the potential to continue to improve in '21 and 2022. And so I feel good about -- I feel great about our revenue story. I feel very good about our cost story. I feel excellent about our free cash conversion story, our return on invested capital. So I think every bucket that when I look at the performance of what this outlook of this company can deliver, is extremely positive.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Fadi Chamoun from BMO. Your line is open.

Fadi Chamoun -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yes. Thank you. Good morning, everyone. So just a question on the comment you made around Saint John and the opportunity there. I mean, you're kind of leaning off Saint John, your competitor is leaning on a different port out East. I just wanted to kind of understand from your perspective kind of what do we see supply chain look like for you coming through Saint John, like kind of where is the originating market that would be using Saint John and where would that traffic be going? And where do you think this opportunity kind of materializes from a revenue perspective? Is this a 2021 or 2022 kind of opportunity that you see it?

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Let me say a couple of things, Fadi, at a high level, and then I'll turn it over to John to provide some color. But if I'm going to lean on a port to tidewater, I'm going to lean on the one that's closest to market. There's a 200 mile route advantage. You take a railroad that gets you there line of sight as a crow flies faster on our best day, the service is unparalleled. And we'll create the market with the service. So it's going to come from all commodities.

If I look forward over '21 and '22, I feel confident saying, based on what we know now and the opportunities that are in development, these aren't conceptual ideas, these are steps that are being taken, business that's been won, business that's being planned, infrastructure that's being invested, collaborating with the Port of Saint John, collaborating with the Province of New Brunswick, collaborating with our customers.

We've got a space out there that had one, I guess two competitive options. You had our competitor or you had the truck. And I can tell you there are a lot of trucks on the road. And when you get to something that's truck-like competitive from a service standpoint in time and you have the track record of reliability that this team has established, customers will step into those solutions with you.

So it's across the board. This time next year or by the end of 2021, I'm convicted and I'd be extremely disappointed if we wouldn't be celebrating a steamship line that's got to flag flying in the Port of Saint John. I'll tell you, I'd be disappointed given the things that are developing if we don't have automobiles that are moving from a domestic destination in the Port of Saint John. I would tell you, I would be disappointed if we're not moving a whole lot more forest products in LPG and fuels. It's just across the board opportunity. You're interjecting a best-in-class railway, competition and great transportation solutions that get our customers' products to the market faster and allow them to compete to win more market share, and that's a powerful recipe for success.

So I hope you -- since my conviction when we say we're going to do something, we're going to do it at this company. And I'm not saying it because we think it can happen, I say it because we believe it and we're working toward it and we'll execute. And by the end of 2022, that little CAD40 million railroad that we bought is going to be well north of $100 million in annual revenue in U.S. dollars at CP margins. John?

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

You know what, Fadi, Keith said it well. I might add that we're excited about the prospects of seeing manufacturing of consumer goods shift more and more to places like Southeast Asia and India and South America and potentially even near-shoring opportunities. Port of Saint John sets us up well for I think all those categories. And let's not forget, the CMQ also gets us access into Searsport Maine, a second port over there that I frankly believe we haven't scratched the surface in terms of what those opportunities will look like.

And as you know, and I've talked about in the past, we've built a lot of -- hit a lot of singles and doubles over these last two years, three years with our short line partners. And that part of the U.S. opens up a whole new category of opportunities in that bucket that the merchandise team, Coby Bullard and his team are attacking vigorously. So beyond all the things Keith spoke about to say that we're bullish on that opportunity is an understatement.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Konark Gupta from Scotiabank. Your line is open.

Konark Gupta -- Scotiabank -- Analyst

Good morning, everyone. Thanks for taking my question. Just wanted to understand some key assumptions behind your revised guidance for EPS growth for the full year. Especially for operating ratio, I guess you have some relatively tougher comps in the back half here. And then the volumes are obviously still kind of down versus last year. What kind of volume environment do you expect in the second half, especially for crude-by-rail and frac sand assumptions there? Thanks.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

So, I think as John mentioned, there's not a lot of outlook on crude-by-rail that we've baked into our guidance. So it's very minimal volumes. We've kept our guidance on RTMs down 5%. Certainly, we have very difficult comps in the first half of Q3, which you're seeing, we're down about 10%, 11%, which is as expected as actually we're performing a bit stronger so far in Q3 than we originally thought.

So, it's really around the cost side. I mean, we're performing exceptionally well on our -- on the operating performance led by Mark and his team. And the cost takeout opportunities are very strong and that's what's driving the upside on EPS.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Chris Wetherbee from Citi. Please go ahead.

Chris Wetherbee -- Citi Investment Research -- Analyst

Yeah, hey, great. Thanks, good morning. Hey, John, maybe you could hit on peak season intermodal. Obviously, we've seen some of those numbers look a bit -- little bit better, but I guess it's a little difficult to tell sort of where inventories are and sort of what the confidence level is in consumer demand as we go through the rest of the year. So any kind of color you can kind of give or a little -- dig a little bit deeper in terms of what you're hearing from the customers, how they might be setting up for later this year on the intermodal.

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

On the domestic side, Chris?

Chris Wetherbee -- Citi Investment Research -- Analyst

International.

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

International? Okay. Yeah. So I think right now we are seeing the blank sailings that have been laid out for July, August and a little bit into September. We're seeing our steamship lines sort of methodically pull those back. We're looking at the coming weeks and the next two weeks schedule on what's on the water and I'd say overall volumes look strong and encouraging. Look, I still think there is a lot of uncertainty in this space sort of depending, to your point exactly what the consumer does and how this pandemic, either, we continue to push forward with the opening of the retails and all the sectors across North America, but I think our forecast right now is we continue to see, I would say, a little bit of a surge here continue in Q3 and then maybe a little bit of normalization as you move back into Q4. But that's going to all be dependent on what we see happen with this pandemic.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Walter Spracklin from RBC Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

Walter Spracklin -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hey, thanks very much. Good morning everyone. So I guess my question's for John here on yields going into next year. Obviously, you have a lot of moving parts here with some of your line items. So I just wanted to make sure I'm getting the yield right in press. If I could frame the question relative to your core price, do you expect yield to be above or below core or additive or negative on core price? I'm referring here to -- you've got the grain minimum revenue cap that's coming down for you, you've got your Teck volumes switching over, you've got liquidated damages that might come off next year, maybe the year later. So all those moving parts, so just looking to see if you see yield as enhancing or detrimental to your core price for next year.

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

Well, I mean our core strategy has been sort of picking our partners and maximizing those -- the leverage of whether, Keith spoke, to train lengths or our capacity on existing trains. So I think, Walter, initial response is, we continue to see that margin opportunity out there. I can tell you on the pricing front, I've been very pleased with how we've performed in the first half of this year despite all the uncertainty. And trust me, it's been tough discussions in some cases with customers, given the challenges they have been facing. But I'll remind you, my sales team is -- a large part of their compensation is tied to price discipline and we've been able to deliver. I'll go on to say this. As I look to the back half of the year, I'm actually pushing for price acceleration from where we're at. And I think as trucking capacity continues to maybe tighten in some of these lanes and areas with recovery, also, I think we're seeing discipline across the rail sector and certainly maybe some challenges as other roads try to ramp back up the volume, I think leads to an opportunity on that front.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

And, Walter, it's Nadeem. I'd just add, if you think about next year, we have a very bullish outlook as far as our automotive volumes, which is going to be beneficial to our overall yield. As some of the Teck revenues roll off, that's going to be beneficial to yield. So net-net, I think it's a long way from now but certainly I don't see too much detrimental impact on yield, to your question.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Ken Hoexter from Bank of America. Please go ahead.

Ken Hoexter -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Great. Good morning and congrats on the great operating performance, really great to see and impressive. Just maybe talk about the structural change out of your downturn. Your peer talked about closing some yards or facilities through this downturn. Just want to see if you've done anything like that. And really thinking of this as a capex question, I guess, is there room to increase free cash flow further, given the improvement in train lengths and weights? Are you still moving to upgrade sidings? Is the capex still -- any thoughts on that given the near 20% revenues?

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Ken, let me -- I'll say at a very high level. Part of what we do, pandemic or non-pandemic, and have been doing at this company is always rationalizing and driving for productivity improvement. So as far as any quantum changing -- changes shutting structural yards down, we have gone through that several years ago. But what we do today and what Mark and the team have done, when you respond like we've responded, as you consolidate traffic, you bring it into terminals where it's best served, at your lowest cost, your most productive facility. So a case in point here in Calgary, we've spent a lot of money over the last -- I guess it just came online in 2019, actually, redoing our yard. So that was a hump yard that was closed down back when we first started our PSR journey in 2012. We may do with what we have because we had other larger priorities, optimizing the network, but we came back to Calgary, we said, listen, Calgary is the place to switch cars. It's not -- do all this extensive switching and outside satellite locations. Let's consolidate, let's invest, let's create a very productive facility, which is what we've done, which is what Mark has been optimizing in 2020 through this pandemic. So that's been a blessing for us. So structurally that's a change that we'll retain. And again we're becoming better as we evolve and we increase train lengths.

Like, even to the question that was asked earlier, think about our green program. That's structural for this company. We led that innovation in this industry and the Canadian Space driving to an 8500-foot operating model. G3, the terminal that was built was built to facilitate that on the North Shore. We've got 15% of our elevators now that can launch 8500-foot grain trains. We've got a fleet that's been modernized. We're up -- by the end of this year, we'll be in excess of 3,000 of those best-in-class cars that are coming out of Hamilton, Ontario that allow us to haul more grain per car, shorter length of cars that drive productivity. So the structural changes that you see in our performance will continue and be baked in. And we'll realize full year and get more of a mix as we go forward on this 8500-foot grain program. We'll be 30% of our elevators by the end of this year and the work continues, the productivity and the increases in capacity on the South Shore to match that, as well as G3 on the North Shore.

I'm just very bullish about our opportunities to make these margins, to make these efficiency stick. So again, high expectations, strong conviction based on our fundamentals that -- we're not perfect, but we're darn sure pretty educated and pretty efficient at what we do and we'll continue to do that and do it well.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yeah. And Ken, I'm just saying on the capex side, we're extremely pleased with what we've been able to deliver on, take advantage of some track time to be much more efficient, as I mentioned in my commentary. And so we're taking this unique opportunity with volumes down that we haven't seen volumes down like this in many years that we can look to build a network that is very resilient, look to build a network that can support some of the initiatives that Keith spoke to around our 8,500 foot model and so forth, initiatives that will increase the capacity and the safety of our network.

And so this is something that's going to, I'll say, it's going to pull-forward some of those expense -- or capital dollars from future years and it's going to set us up extremely well for the rebound in the economy over the next, call it, 12 months, 18 months and we can take advantage of these significant revenue opportunities that Keith and John have talked about. So it's a bit of a different model, but we tend to be a bit different.

Ken Hoexter -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Thanks, Keith.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Ken.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Benoit Poirier from Desjardins Capital Markets. Your line is open.

Benoit Poirier -- Desjardins Securities -- Analyst

Yes. Thank you very much, and congratulations for the very strong performance. Could you talk a little bit about the potential for further M&A on top of CMQ? And maybe a very quick question for Nadeem, if you could quantify the fuel lag in Q2 that would be great? Thank you very much.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Quantify what?

Maeghan Albiston -- Assistant Vice President, Investor Relations

Fuel lag.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Fuel lag. I believe -- yeah, I think fuel lag was about CAD13 million in the quarter. That will -- you won't see a benefit of it in Q3.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. And as far as, Benoit, MMA or M&A, listen, right now we're focused on optimizing the CMQ. That's going to keep us busy for a little while. Certainly, I don't want to dilute our efforts there, but we always have a keen eye. If there's something that complements our network, we stick to our core fundamental strengths, which is running railroads. I don't see anything immediate that's out there. But rest assured, we're going to maintain a strong balance sheet. We're going to maintain a best-in-class operating team to be able to realize the potential of our network and any other network that we might couple on to this thing. But right now, there's nothing immediate, but our eyes are always open. And if it makes sense, we'll not hesitate to move.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Scott Group from Wolfe Research. Please go ahead.

Scott H. Group -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Hey, thanks. Good morning, guys.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, Scott.

Scott H. Group -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

So Nadeem, any chance you can give us some just directional color on the magnitude of earnings growth you're expecting? I think first half is up 20%. Second quarter the worst of it, only down 5%. So maybe just some thoughts there? And then any thoughts on the ability to improve margins again in the third quarter would be great? Thank you.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

I don't want to get into quarterly guidance necessarily. We do have -- as I mentioned, the first half of Q3, there's a bit of tougher comps, but then it eases pretty significantly with grain coming on, assuming a decent grain crop, which we do assume. And given it was a very wet crop last year, grain didn't start moving for some time. We have very easy comps for potash as well in Q4 versus where we were a year ago. And so I think you're going to see Q4 being stronger than Q3 just assuming what we know now with how the pandemic's been reacting and how the economies have been coming back.

So beyond that, as far as given operating ratio kind of OR guidance, I'd say, I'd point to the same things I just mentioned, right? So you're going to see a better OR in Q4 than in Q3 for those exact reasons. I think we'll have better volume performance in Q4 than Q3. And so I've pushed the team as far as they can deliver and they continue to surprise me. So is there potential to continue to improve the OR? Yes, I'm not going to deny that. And I'll just leave it at that, Scott.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

So you could probably convict Nadeem of being conservative in nature, which is healthy. We certainly see line of sight, Scott, end of the year for margin improvement versus last year. We're not doing our job if we don't get there. There's opportunity there.

Scott H. Group -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Yeah.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Seldon Clarke from Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead.

Seldon Clarke -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Hey, good morning. Thanks for the question. Can you just talk about how some of the productivity initiatives that Keith highlighted have maybe trended in July as it relates to train weights and lengths and fuel efficiency? As certain volume categories start to come back like autos, is there a point where maybe mix becomes a little bit more challenging in terms of adding certain cars to manifest trains or anything along those lines?

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, I can tell you this. It's a gift that keeps on giving. So similar metrics in July versus second quarter. I took a quick look at them this morning. RTMs down 10 point -- effectively 10 points versus last year as of this morning. Crew starts down almost 17%. People starts down almost 18%. Train miles down almost 18%. Train length up another 8%. Train weight up 7%. When you run the business this way and you control your assets and lockstep your demand, this is what you should expect.

So as we bring back business on and these autos start to come on, we've already got a plan. We know what the plan looks like. So there'll be some transition to the plan, but you're never going to expect to see this company running short trains. We're going to look for a way to tweak. You constantly -- you make a plan, you execute the plan, you tweak the plan. You communicate with your customers. You satisfy. You do what you say you're going to do. And this is just the outcome of it. You're going to get a low operating margin. You're going to get a high service offering.

And when you can produce a great service at a low cost, that is a compelling competitive advantage in the marketplace that drives earnings growth consistently. And that's what this formula is all about. It's not complicated. The complexity and the necessity comes in having the right culture to execute it. And at this company, we have it. We're not perfect, but we're getting stronger every day. You can expect to see continued operational margin improvement as well as operational performance improvement in all of our metrics. We're not going to sit still. You sit still, you get passed by. That's not going to happen at this company.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of David Vernon from Bernstein. Your line is open.

David Vernon -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Hey, John or Nadeem, could you give us a sense for how much liquidated damage is actually in the plan here for 2020? And then as we think about maybe that crude volume either coming back or not coming back in 2021, what does that do to the setup for the contribution from that fee revenue that you're recording this year?

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

So David, I'm not going to give a specific number on the liquidated damages. What I would say is, I think what you've seen over the prior quarters if we're not moving the crude-by-rail, you're going to continue to see that run rate and that moves into 2021. Now obviously in 2021, there'll be some natural comparables given that we're collecting liquidated damages this year.

Now -- but also in that equation, David, don't forget, we've got the DRU that we expect to start-up mid-year and that's going to be a significant opportunity for us as we look to the future. And the bottom line is, and I know my competitor said this and we continue to say this, I'd much rather be moving that freight. So our energy team is working close with all the crude shippers and looking for that window of opportunity and when it's going to be. So we can work with Mark Redd and his team to resource up, to be able to handle it in the back half of the year or in early 2021.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

And David, I would just add. We don't see this as a one-time benefit. If we saw it as a one-time benefit, we wouldn't expect margin improvement year-over-year to continue.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Brian Ossenbeck from J.P. Morgan. Please go ahead.

Brian Ossenbeck -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Hey, good morning. Thanks for taking the question. Just a quick one on crews. Given the outlook for the back half of the year and on the volume on the train size and weight, can you give us some expectation for how you see bringing back crews from furlough? I know you don't do this lightly. Also curious to see what the availability and the callback has been given that you and the rest of the industry were pretty flexible making sure folks were taken care of and in exchange you're able to get some shorter callback time. So just some thoughts on the crew outlook and the recall rate in the back half of the year? Thank you.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Let me -- the crew outlook overall, we ended up I think at the peak. We were about systemwide. This is Canada and U.S. Unfortunately we had about 1,200 Running Trades employees that were furloughed. We've called some of those back. Obviously, we'll do that in lockstep. It depends where the business is. But if I just sort of bottom line it, if we're going to be down mid-single-digits, you should expect the same on a headcount standpoint at the end of the year. We'll retain some of this productivity. Obviously, we're not going to be calling back -- anyone back we don't need, but we're working hard to increase and drive business to this railroad. So we can get our employees back to work. We hired them, they're part of our family, I take no pride and great responsibility in the fact that we need to get those folks back to work.

And what we did, I think again, unique to CP and appropriate for CP. We decided that the most important thing to this is to stick by our employees. We have a responsibility to do as much as we possibly can to help mitigate this impact that this crisis has created for those that are laid off. So I can't get into all the details, but I can tell you with each individual union, we've worked and created incentives, whether it be a top-up to their unemployment insurance or whether it be a mechanism to maintain their actual medical insurance that they otherwise wouldn't have. And in exchange for that, not only do we get increased commitment because our employees know we care about them, they've also committed to come back earlier than they would otherwise and their collective agreements have required.

So for instance, in Canada, Running Trades employed to collective agreement gives them up to 15 days to come back. The largest percentage of those employees have committed, in lockstep with those increased benefits that we've given them, to come back in 72 hours. So, listen, this is a partnership. We're in this thing together. What I'm most proud of, in all honesty, you think about the culture in this company, you think about maybe some of the bridges that were burned and we've talked about this in the past and we didn't get everything right. We drove a fast hard change to turn this company around and restore its financial strength through the first four years of our turnaround. But the last three years, as much as we've been focused on growth, we've been focused on rebuilding relationships and I can tell you this crisis has brought our employee base together. We have relationships and established relationships of trust with our union leaders, with our employees, that in, quite frankly, my 28 years of railroading, I've never, never seen the depth and the respect and the pride and the levels of growth that we've came in that space.

Now, we're not done and again we're not perfect and there's still a lot more we have to do. But rest assured, if you go out now in our property and you talk to our employees, the efforts that we've gone to protect their lives as they protect the livelihood for their families and the communities we operate in and crew, we've spared no expense, we've spared no effort. We're in this with them and they're in it with us.

So I just -- we're going to respond. The business comes back, our people are ready to go to work and I'm ready to get them back as quickly as we can. Our customers will see no different. But we're going to do what we said we're going to do. We're going to produce for the customer. We're going to produce for the shareholder and we're going to take care of our employees.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Justin Long from Stephens. Please go ahead.

Justin Long -- Stephens -- Analyst

Thanks, good morning and congrats on the quarter.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Justin Long -- Stephens -- Analyst

So I wanted to ask about incremental margins. If we go back to the Investor Day, you had talked about 75% incremental margins or so, but if we kind of look at the business pro forma for this year, given the cost-outs that we've seen, some of which are structural, some of which are temporary, how should we be thinking about incremental margins now in a recovery scenario looking over a multi-year period?

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Sure. No, it's a good question, Justin, and I'd say when -- it depends how quick the volumes come back and where the volumes come back and how we react. So I think we're in a good spot to be able to absorb the volumes on the way up. As Keith mentioned, we've done a lot of unique things on the labor side, we have the assets in place, we've got a number of initiatives that will allow us to take on step function volumes as they come on, certainly on the bulk side. As I've mentioned in the past, 75% incremental margins ex-depreciation, stock-based comp and fuel surcharge and I would stick with that today. And so, all else being equal, I don't see why that would change going forward.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Allison Landry from Credit Suisse. Please go ahead.

Allison Landry -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Thanks and good morning. So obviously it goes without saying that the whole energy complex is under pressure. But it sounds like there are some interesting dynamics going on in the Bakken with the risk of pipeline shutdowns and capacity constraints. So have you had any conversations with producers or intermediaries? And do you think there is a potential opportunity to start moving crude out of the Bakken again to the extent that these dynamics play out? Thank you.

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

Yeah, Allison. I think certainly there is. Now, as you know, the courts have stayed the shutdown of the DAPL but the customers, I would say, are generally pretty active in those discussions. We are moving some volumes out of the Bakken right now that we expect to continue to move through Q3 and into Q4. And I would just say the dialog is ongoing in terms of our ability to ramp those up any greater. I would also just say we don't have a lot built into our second half plan at all, as it relates to frac sand either, but if there is one area that I have seen a little bit of green shoot in terms of some movements over the last few weeks is our frac sand into the Bakken region. So that's -- they're both watch areas that aren't built in but certainly could present some upside.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of David Zazula from Barclays. Please go ahead.

David Zazula -- Barclays -- Analyst

All right. Thanks for taking my question. Nadeem, I know you touched on it a little earlier, but maybe for John, just talk a little bit about how you would contrast the intermodal or consumer versus industrial end markets, and then how that might play into either a gross dollar capex change, given the strength in the consumer we've seen and/or a change in the composition of how you're thinking about capital moving forward.

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

Well, I'll let Nadeem comment on the latter. Look, the consumer markets generally are fairly strong right now, as I said, with the bounce back of retail and our movement of our refrigerated products, essential goods, the reduction of the blank sailings that we've spoke to. I think we remain pretty optimistic on that recovery through Q3 and into Q4. The industrial markets, I would say across the board, are certainly a little slower to recovery -- to recover, we'll see our steel and frankly, the building products actually have been pretty strong, driven by the UI sort of movement that this pandemic has created. But those industrial side, I would say, are certainly a little slower and it's going to be a gradual recovery as we move through the year.

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

I would just say our capital outlook hasn't changed from what we've talked about before, if anything, we've probably pulled forward given our capital efficiencies, some of our '22, '20, even some bit of '21 capital into '20 and so, if anything, we've talked about, once we get through the hopper car investment, that's a pretty significant investment for us, CAD600 million for 5,900 cars. And so as we finish that over the next, call it, two years, you'll see our capex moderate closer to that CAD1.5 billion, CAD1.45 billion. So it's a bit heightened as we speak today, but for good reason.

Operator

We are now out of time. I will turn the call back over to Mr. Creel for closing remarks.

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Okay, well, listen, I thank you for your time today. Listen, if you took anything away from this call other than the outstanding results, it should be conviction about what PSR is to this company. It's woven in our DNA. It's something we live and breathe every day. It's unique. It's a model that works that we're dedicated to, it's producing these results. This is a team that's not afraid to set targets. We work to meet and we exceed what we say we're going to do. We pivoted to grow three years ago. We said then what we were going to do. We said then how we were going to take our unique network and create innovative solutions for our customers that drive growth, control at a low cost. It's going to drive earnings and it's going to be sticky to this railroad.

We've innovated. We've led the industry the last several years in growth. And we'll do the same this year. And we set line of sight to fully expect and be able to do that in '21 and '22. That's what you should expect from this team. It's a unique investment story. It's a unique story within the PSR world, and we're proud of it. And we're proud that we're able to reward our shareholders that trust us to do that, as we reward our employees and as we reward our customers that partner with us. That's a responsibility we take seriously, and you should fully expect that we'll continue to do that. So thank you for your time. Everyone stay healthy. And we look forward to sharing our third quarter results when the time is appropriate. Take care.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 69 minutes

Call participants:

Maeghan Albiston -- Assistant Vice President, Investor Relations

Keith Creel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

John Brooks -- Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer

Nadeem Velani -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Jonathan Chappell -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Tom Wadewitz -- UBS -- Analyst

Steve Hansen -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Ravi Shanker -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Fadi Chamoun -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Konark Gupta -- Scotiabank -- Analyst

Chris Wetherbee -- Citi Investment Research -- Analyst

Walter Spracklin -- RBC Capital Markets -- Analyst

Ken Hoexter -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Benoit Poirier -- Desjardins Securities -- Analyst

Scott H. Group -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Seldon Clarke -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

David Vernon -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Brian Ossenbeck -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Justin Long -- Stephens -- Analyst

Allison Landry -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

David Zazula -- Barclays -- Analyst

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