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Options for Beginners: What Are Puts and Calls?

By Ellen Simonson Bowman and Jim Gillies - Updated Jun 22, 2021 at 3:56PM

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Every options position is made up of some combination of puts and/or calls. Here's how these basic tools of options investing work.

For investors interested in getting started with options, the myriad possible positions can seem intimidating. But all options strategies are made up of the same two components: puts and calls.

In this segment from Motley Fool Live that first aired May 7, Motley Fool Canada analyst Jim Gillies and Fool.com editor/analyst Ellen Bowman discuss these building blocks of options.

Gillies: Puts and calls. Very simply, a call is the right to buy, a put is the right to sell. Both types of options, of course, come with two parameters. The first is a strike price, the price at which you will buy, in the case of a call, or sell in the case of the put, and they come with an expiration date. If it's July 2021, it's the third Friday of July. We mentioned Apple ( AAPL -0.61% ) so let's use Apple as our example here. Apple is about $130 this morning. Excuse me, I'm going to sneeze here.

Bowman: [LAUGHTER] I'm coughing.

Gillies: If you were to buy a call option on Apple striking at a $120 expiring in July, then that gives you the right to buy Apple for a $120 up till July 16th at market close. The following Monday, you're out of luck, you will not be able to buy anymore because your option gives you the ability to buy that particular stock for that particular price ended the previous Friday. Same with the put, if you have a put, I think Apple is going to fall because I think Tim Cook is going to get walked out of the quarter in handcuffs and Apple products will be thrown aside in favor of Microsoft Zune. Channeling my inner Seth Jayson, with the Zune.

Bowman: The Zune!

Gillies: He shows up occasionally. I mean, maybe buy a put option giving you the right to sell Apple, I'd say a $120, a strike price of a $120 until July. Believe me, these are not recommendations, but that's just the basics. It's basically buy and sell. Call, put.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis – even one of our own – helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.

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