The financial media aren't usually very good at putting the stock market in long-term context. We quote the Dow Jones Industrial Average's (DJINDICES:^DJI) or S&P 500's (SNPINDEX:^GSPC) point movement every day and like to highlight record highs or lows but rarely provide the context needed to explain what it really means. Context is often needed when we reach record highs or lows, and the very indexes themselves hide the returns investors will receive long term.
One of the most overlooked parts of daily financial commentary is a key component to beating the market: dividends.
Letting your stocks pay you back
Even including two of the best bull markets of our lifetime, nearly half of the S&P 500's total return over the past 25 years has been the payment of dividends. Day by day, week by week, this takes a little bit of value out of the market cap of a company or the value of an index and puts it into investors' pockets. What most people don't realize is that the point change quoted on the news every night doesn't include dividends, and over time they really do matter.
The chart below shows just how big a role dividends play in long-term profits for investors. If we included dividends, we would have been discussing the market's record highs last year instead of this spring.
On a business basis, the effect can be even stronger. Take a look at 3M's (NYSE:MMM) stock price return since the early 1970s versus its total return.
Without dividends, an investment in this conglomerate at that time would yield 10.7 times your money, but with dividends it's 24.4 times your money.
Dividends can play a big role in retirement
One major advantage for retirees is that dividends often increase year after year. For retirees, that's like getting an annual raise.
Look at the table below with dividends from 3M, Procter & Gamble, Colgate-Palmolive, and Coca-Cola. These are all rock-solid companies with diverse businesses, and they've all increased their dividend payments to investors for over 50 years.
If you start with a portfolio of dividend stocks that generate a livable income, odds are you can make more and more each year during retirement. Not a bad way to grow income if you ask me.
Foolish bottom line
Dividends play a big part in long-term investment success. In retirement they can play an even more important role, providing a growing income source after you're done with the day-to-day grind of work life. It's a great way corporate America can pay you back for saving all of these years.