1 Big Change Biden Wants to Make That Could Increase Your Debt

A woman sitting at a sunny desk and signing a check.

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Paying more in taxes has ramifications, both short term and long term.

With the 2020 election upon us, it's natural to wonder how the results will impact our finances. Well, if you earn more than $400,000, your level of debt may be on its way up. Former Vice President Joe Biden has not been shy about saying the wealthiest Americans should be prepared to owe Uncle Sam more money come tax day.

Here we examine one of Biden's tax proposals that could increase your debt.

Biden's Social Security proposal

It's no secret that the Social Security program is in trouble, although there's debate as to how bad things are. Biden proposes that those with incomes of over $400,000 should contribute more to the fund. Specifically, they'd be hit with a 6.2% payroll tax on earnings over the threshold and their employers would pay another 6.2%.

Americans currently pay no more than $8,537.40 in Social Security taxes annually. That equates to the first $137,700 you earn each year, after which you don't have to pay any more in Social Security.

Biden's plan creates what's referred to as a "donut hole." Taxpayers would continue to pay 6.2% in Social Security contributions on the first $137,700 they make. The government would take no Social Security on anything between $137,700 and $400,000. After that, only the amount earned over $400,000 would be subject to the 12.4% Social Security portion of the payroll tax (6.2% from workers' paychecks and 6.2% from the employer).

For example, say you earn $600,000 annually. You would pay Social Security taxes on the first $137,700 ($8,537.40), and on the amount over $400,000. In this case, $200,000 x 6.2% = $12,400. So, with an income of $600,000, your total contribution to the Social Security Trust Fund would be $20,937.40, or 3.4% of your gross income.

How this change can impact you

As a child, Joe Biden watched his father struggle financially, which may explain why his policies are designed to help low and middle-class families. Biden's proposal would impact an estimated 1.8% of top-earning Americans, while helping to shore up Social Security for future generations. Here's how different income groups would be impacted:

Earnings Impact of Biden's proposed Social Security increase
Less than $137,700 No change. You would pay up to $8,537.40 in Social Security contributions and potentially receive other benefits.
$137,700–$400,000 No change. Your Social Security contributions would be capped at $8,537.40.
$400,000 and more You would pay an additional 6.2% on any money you earn over the $400,000 threshold.

So, how could this change increase your debt? Well, in short, any money that comes out of your check is less money you have to take care of personal financial business and more opportunity to go into debt.

There's also an opportunity cost. A smaller check means you have less money to invest or spend on other opportunities. Again, using the $600,000 figure, we'll look at the real cost of paying more in taxes. The extra $12,400 you'd pay works out at $1,033 each month. Let's say you'd instead invested the money on the stock market and assume a 7% rate of return. If you continued to invest for 10 years, it would be worth $171,269. And after 20 years, it would be worth a whopping $508,180.

Even if you don't earn $400,000 or more a year, there is another type of debt to consider. Biden's proposals will still increase America's national debt -- and that's something that could impact every American. The Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget (CRFB) says that a Trump presidency would add just under $5 trillion to the national debt and a Biden presidency would add $5.6 trillion.

Bottom line

Biden's proposal to increase Social Security contributions may be enough to keep the program alive. And unfortunately, our national debt will continue to grow, no matter who's elected president.

Ultimately, there's only so much we can influence the country's politics. But we can control how much debt we take on, and how we handle our personal finances. Build an emergency fund, avoid taking on unnecessary credit, and try to stick to a budget. That way you can reduce your overall debt risk.

If your annual income is over $400,000, the extra Social Security contributions could increase your debt -- but only if you let them.

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