This time last week, bank investors were reveling in the results of the Dodd-Frank stress tests, which showed that most major U.S. banks have solid, recession-resistant balance sheets. This week, the Federal Reserve took the stress testing process to the next level and evaluated which banks can proceed with their capital plans.

While the specifics of the individual banks' capital plans can vary considerably, what most investors are focused on is the banks' requests to pay higher dividends and launch share buyback plans. 

Citigroup (NYSE:C) ruined much of the suspense last week when it pre-emptively announced that it wouldn't be seeking a higher dividend, but would ask for a small-ish share buyback authorization. There wasn't much suspense around Ally Financial, either. The former GMAC was hopping mad after the Fed flunked it during the Dodd-Frank round of tests.

For most banks though, yesterday was the day to find out -- in most cases -- exactly what kind of capital distributions they could hope for in the year ahead. For Bank of America (NYSE:BAC) shareholders, the answer was up to $5 billion in share buybacks. For Wells Fargo (NYSE:WFC), it's a potential 20% dividend bump and more share buybacks. And while the news was good for most banks, the answer for BB&T (NYSE:TFC) was a thumbs-down from the Fed as it rejected the bank's capital plan.

To help you get the inside view on how each company fared, we've put together a comprehensive run-down on each company (aside from Ally) that participated in the tests. Click the links below to find out which banks passed and what their shareholders can look forward to in 2013.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.