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TransEnterix Inc  (NYSEMKT:TRXC)
Q2 2019 Earnings Call
Aug. 07, 2019, 4:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the TransEnterix Second Quarter 2019 Financial and Operating Results Conference Call. As a reminder, this call is webcast live and recorded.

It is now my pleasure to introduce your host, Mr. Mark Klausner, of Westwicke Partners. Please go ahead, sir.

Mark Klausner -- Managing Partner

Good afternoon, and thank you for joining us for the TransEnterix second quarter conference call. Joining us on today's call are TransEnterix President and Chief Executive Officer, Todd Pope; and its Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, Joe Slattery. I would like to remind you that this call is being webcast live and recorded. A replay of the event will be available following the call on our website. To access the webcast, please visit the Events link in the IR section of our website, transenterix.com.

Before we begin, I would like to caution listeners that certain information discussed by management during this conference call, including any guidance provided, are forward-looking statements covered under the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from those stated or implied by our forward-looking statements due to risks and uncertainties associated with the Company's business. The Company undertakes no obligation to update the information provided on this call. For a discussion of risks and uncertainties associated with TransEnterix business, I encourage you to review the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, filed on February 27, 2019, and the Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, expected to be filed prior to the filing deadline and the other filings we make with the SEC.

During this call, we will also present certain non-GAAP financial information related to adjusted net loss and adjusted earnings per share. Management believes that non-GAAP financial measures taken in conjunction with US GAAP financial measures provide useful information for both management and investors by excluding certain non-cash and other expenses that are not indicative of the Company's core operating results. Management uses non-GAAP measures to compare our performance relative to forecast and strategic plans to benchmark our performance externally against competitors and for certain compensation decisions. Reconciliations from US GAAP to non-GAAP results are presented in the tables accompanying our earnings release, which can be found in the Investor Relations section of our website.

With that, it's my pleasure to turn the call over to TransEnterix's President and Chief Executive Officer, Todd Pope.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Mark, and welcome to our second quarter 2019 conference call. On today's call, I will discuss our recently announced AutoLap transaction and provide an update on our second quarter operating performance. I'll then turn the call over to Joe to provide a financial overview, after which, we'll open up the line for questions.

Starting with our second quarter performance. We reported revenue of $3.6 million comprised of one system sale as well as instruments, accessories and service and the recognition of revenue from prior system sales in Taiwan that was deferred until surgery as those sites began. The system sale was made to an end-user hospital in the EMEA region. We're disappointed with our commercial results during the quarter having come in below our guidance. And we stated before, capital sales are inherently difficult to predict, particularly, when working with a developing pipeline. We continue to feel that we're putting in place a solid foundation to drive improved performance in the back half of the year. However, we understand that we need to provide stronger and more consistent commercial results to regain investor confidence.

In just a moment, I will review a number of key areas of our business and how we've adjusted our strategy to drive that improved performance. I'd like to provide an overview of the AutoLap divestiture that we announced on July 10th. In October 2018, we acquired MST with the intent to leverage their surgical image analytics technology and IP to bolster the technological capability of Senhance. In addition to a very strong IP portfolio, MST had commercially launched a product called AutoLap, which is an image-based scope positioning system used in traditional laparoscopic procedures. When we announced the acquisition, we stated that we would not be investing in AutoLap as a stand-alone product, so that we could remain focused on commercializing the Senhance.

In the July 2019, sale transaction, we were selling the inventory, tooling and other physical assets of the AutoLap product to GBIL, the same company that acquired SurgiBot assets. We retained all relevant legacy MST IP, the entire team, talent and know-how, so this asset sale has no impact on our plans to incorporate the IP and software acquired from MST into the Senhance. We continue to make good progress on this front, which I'll expand on later in the call. The total proceeds to be paid to the Company are $17 million in cash. In addition, GBIL is making an additional equity investment of $30 million into the Company, which Joe will provide more details on shortly.

I would now like to spend some time discussing our global commercial progress, starting with our efforts to drive adoption of digital laparoscopy with Senhance in the US. I would like to begin by sharing some of the key learnings from our initial commercialization in the US and the changes we are making in our approach to this market as we move forward.

First, our initial approach was focused more heavily on sales resources and activities in targeted geographies, with less of a focus on broader market development activities. While we did make some initial sales, these early sites did not quickly ramp case volumes or routinely perform surgery across a broad spectrum of specialties. As a result, we did not establish a foundation to allow surgeon advocacy to bolster our sales efforts and grow our base of surgeon speakers and proctors. We have now added resources to drive clinical utilization within our existing installed base, and we have sites that are consistently performing surgery across a variety of procedures. We also have a number of surgeons who are actively using the system. And we have begun to convert this into a network of proctors and public speakers. We added marketing resources to help us craft a stronger clinical and economic story and worked with hospitals to help them envision programs to successfully market their Senhance purchased to potential patients. We are now routinely engaging the hospital C Suite with thoughtful healthcare economic arguments, value-based analysis and marketing plans.

Secondly, the US robotics market is mature with the well-established competitor, so potential customers have high expectations. Early Senhance System experience did not consistently delight prospects and customers, which impacted early system evaluations and clinical use. While we worked quickly to resolve them, these experiences negatively impacted our pipeline activities and early customer satisfaction feedback. In addition, the initial launch configuration also lacked an advanced energy device, which is a commonly used instrument in laparoscopy. We have leveraged our earlier experience and customer feedback to make improvements to the system, such as a significantly better visual experience with the introduction of a best-in-class 3D 4K monitor and the most advanced eye-tracking hardware and software available.

We have also continued to pay off the promise of delivering open architecture, as we now have video compatibility with leading imaging products from Stryker, Novadaq, STORZ and ConMed. These changes have resulted in a higher quality, more consistent surgeon experience, which has led us to a growing clinical use of the system within our installed base. We've also launched our ultrasonic energy system, which substantially increased the attractiveness of Senhance to laparoscopic surgeon.

Lastly, our early commercial approach was to hire salespeople that had experienced selling in the robotics market. As a result, their strongest relationships were primarily with urologist and surgeons performing open procedures. Given that our focus is on digital laparoscopy, we pivoted and began hiring US salespeople with strong surgeon relationships in laparoscopy as opposed to a focus on robotic capital sales. This initially allowed us to build a large funnel of clinical opportunities with enthusiastic surgeon support.

However, our team had limited experience navigating the capital selling process, making it even more challenging to convert surgeon interest into system sales. We believe that our sales team is best positioned for success if it includes a diversity of experience that includes laparoscopic, emerging robotic and more mature robotics companies. We have bolstered our sales talent by recently hiring a Vice President of Sales, who has a wealth of experience with emerging robotics technologies, and that supplemented our team with additional capital sales leadership and talent. These new hires bring substantial capital robotics experience, including an intuitive surgical in the early years of their commercial launch, Mako Surgical and Blue Belt robotics and Medrobotics.

One example of a recent success with our new approach is Hackensack Meridian Health at Pascack Valley, which began performing Senhance surgery in March. It is now routinely performing over 15 procedures per month and frequently exceeds that number. Pascack Valley has launched a regional print and radio campaign to drive adoption and to feature the use of Senhance as part of its strategy to grow volume in their local market. Dr. Amit Trivedi has become a proctor for our system and has participated in multiple public-speaking opportunities to share his positive experience with the Senhance. He was also featured in a recent cover story in the periodical Outpatient Surgery that described his experience and optimism about Senhance's role in his hospital setting.

We feel that we now have momentum in the US pipeline to close deals. As mentioned before, we've always had a deep pipeline, but we now feel that it's more probable to yield revenue. It is still early in the process, and it'll take some time before we can describe the US market as sufficiently developed to drive substantial growth. When these building blocks are established, we will increase our sales footprint meaningfully to maximize our ability to capitalize on this opportunity.

Transitioning to EMEA. The system sale in the second quarter was a direct sale to a German hospital. The system was sold to the Evangelical Hospital of Bielefeld in North Rhine-Westphalia. This is a 305-bed comprehensive hospital with extensive inpatient and outpatient facilities, and they have already begun successfully using Senhance in surgery. This sale is a direct result of elevated efforts to expand our customer base in Western Europe.

The EMEA region is further advanced in the US in terms of Senhance market development. Senhance is becoming a familiar brand. And the geographic breadth of the installed base has netted us considerable surgeon advocacy and name recognition in both the [Indecipherable] and the medical community. We believe the first half performance of the EMEA region has more to do with the ebbs and flows of the capital sales process. This region has multiple accounts where the system is routinely used in surgery, week in and week out. For example, Maxima Medical Center in the Netherlands has performed over 100 surgeries in a multi-specialty environment since beginning of the use of system in late 2018.

Our EMEA region spans many countries where we are supported by a small direct sales team in Western Europe as well as distributors in other countries. Each country is developing at its own pace, but there are now several that have the benefit of one or more customers that have integrated Senhance into frequent use. Many of these hospitals are able to help us advance our advocacy efforts.

Turning to Asia. We continue to make significant progress in Taiwan with three active sites having surgeon advocates that are quickly ramping up their utilization of the system. Our first two installations, Fu Jen Catholic University Hospital and Veterans General Hospital Taipei have completed over 65 surgeries in the first three months using the system. The third account started their clinical program in late-July and is making good progress. In the third quarter, we have received a purchase order from another Taiwanese hospital, representing the fourth system sale in the region, and we plan to install this in the third quarter.

Turning to Japan. As we have previously announced, we have made tremendous progress in the short amount of time that we focused on this market. In less than 18 months, we've established a focused team, received regulatory approval, and obtained very broad reimbursement for the use of Senhance. We're very proud of this accomplishment as ushering a medical device through the regulatory and reimbursement process in Japan typically takes far longer than what we were able to achieve. We are thrilled by the recent reimbursement decision, which applies to 98 benign and malignant laparoscopic procedures across general, colorectal, gynecologic, bariatric and urologic surgeries and reimbursement rates equivalent to that of traditional laparoscopy. This is a fantastic result for Senhance and for patients in Japan as it covers a wide range of high-volume procedures across a variety of specialties.

As a reminder, the Japanese market sets up extremely well for Senhance for several reasons. First, it's the second largest surgical robotics market in the world, which demonstrates the level of interest in new technologies. Second, it is the world leader in laparoscopic adoption with laparoscopy representing approximately 70% [Phonetic] of all surgeries. And third, it is among the highest in the world in terms of government funding for healthcare cost, leading to an extremely cost-sensitive environment. For these reasons, our reusable instrument strategy and digital laparoscopic focus, position us well for success with the best-in-class per procedure cost in the robotic space.

In our last call, we had announced that we were planning to appoint a distributor in Japan in the near future. Considering the robust reimbursement coverage, we are deferring the decision to appoint a distributor while we reassess the total addressable market and reevaluate our overall go-to-market strategy, given the strong, long-term opportunity in Japan.

Now let me shift gears to our instrumentation and product development efforts. On that front, we achieved a significant milestone in the first quarter with the FDA approval of the Senhance Ultrasonic Energy System. These products perform extremely well and are now in use in virtually all of our installations in the US and EMEA. Of note, this product replaces a standard laparoscopic instrument, so this allows us to increase our revenue per procedure without adding cost to the hospital. We estimate that over time, this product will be used in at least 30% of Senhance surgeries.

We've also been working on bringing 5-millimeter articulating instruments through the Senhance in the US. As a reminder, we have had 10-millimeter articulated instruments based on a completely different design available with the Senhance in countries that accept the CE Mark for some time. And this product has contributed to our commercial success in EMEA. We received CE Mark for the 5-millimeter instruments in the fourth quarter of last year and undertook surgeon evaluations in Europe to gain feedback on the best clinical application of these devices.

We also filed for FDA clearance of these products in December 2018 with the expectation of a clearance later this year. When we received feedback from the FDA, one of their request was for us to perform a usability study. These studies are time consuming to plan and execute and can routinely cost over $2 million to the conduct. While we were implementing the plans to conduct this testing, our limited launch in EMEA highlighted some opportunities to further increase the utility of these instruments. We have determined that we cannot incorporate these changes within the time frame required by the FDA to maintain the current application.

As such, we will withdraw our current application from the FDA, focus on the EMEA limited launch of these products, better define the best-use cases for these new tools and resubmit with the FDA when those activities are completed. We will also work to align our other projects that may require usability study, so that we can leverage one usability study for multiple initiatives. The addition of more products to a single usability study does not dramatically increase the study cost, allowing us to spread the investment across multiple initiatives.

Also on our last call, we briefly shared our approach to exploring the pediatric indication for the Senhance. As a reminder, pediatric surgeons typically are forced to utilize larger instruments and devices designed for the adult population. Because instrument and visualization control is so important when working on smaller anatomy, robotics would seem to be a natural solution, but the larger instruments of existing technologies have limited the adoption in this population. Based on the Senhance's robotic instrument control, haptic feedback in first-ever 3-millimeter robotic instruments, we believe we may be in a unique position to address this market. Since our last update, we have continued to make progress on this front.

We anticipate submitting for CE Mark approval in the fourth quarter of this year, followed by obtaining CE Mark next year. We will then leverage the CE Mark to gain clinical experience to best determine how to position the Senhance across this opportunity in other markets around the world. Ultimately, we expect these learnings to inform us as to timing and approach to expand over Senhance FDA indications.

And regarding the integration of MST's surgical image analytics technology, we continue to make made solid progress with the ongoing product development and testing followed by submission of an FDA 510(k) application. We continue to expect to complete the filing around the end of 2019. And the future of these new capabilities has energized our installed base as well as the interest shared in our pipeline accounts.

I would now like to turn the call over to Joe to provide a financial review.

Joseph P. Slattery -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Todd. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company reported revenue of $3.6 million as compared to revenue of $6.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2018. The Company sold one system in the second quarter of 2019 as compared to four systems in the prior year period. Revenue for the quarter included the recognition of $1.3 million [Phonetic] of deferred revenue related to a system delivered to Taiwan in 2018, which became recognizable as a result of completing the first surgeries during the quarter. Revenue related to system sales was $2.7 million in the second quarter as compared to $4.7 million in the prior year period.

Instruments and accessories revenue in the second quarter was $560,000 as compared to $1.5 million in the prior year period. Service revenue increased to $342,000 in the second quarter as compared to $222,000 for the comparable prior year period. Gross margin for the second quarter was negative 8% due to fixed and variable costs in excess of revenues as well as an $800,000 charge for inventory obsolescence that related to certain system components. R&D expenses in the quarter increased to approximately $6.3 million as compared to the prior year period at $5.3 million, due primarily to increased personnel and supplies costs. Sales and marketing expenses in the quarter increased to $7.9 million from $6 million in the prior year period, due primarily to increased personnel and travel-related cost.

General and administrative expenses in the quarter increased to approximately $4.5 million from approximately $3.6 million in the prior year period, due primarily to increased headcount and consulting services to support our overall growth and geographic expansion. GAAP net loss for the quarter was $20.2 million or $0.09 per share compared to a GAAP net loss of $34.2 million or $0.17 per share in the prior year period. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, adjusted net loss was $19.2 million or $0.09 per share as compared to an adjusted net loss of $11.7 million or $0.06 per share in the three months ended June 30, 2018 after adjusting for acquisition-related costs and the gained loss on the sale of the SurgiBot assets as well as non-cash charges for the change in fair value of warrant liabilities, amortization of intangible assets, change in fair value of contingent consideration and loss on debt extinguishment. Adjusted net loss is a non-GAAP financial measure that we believe allows a clearer picture of period-over-period comparisons. A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures is posted on our website.

Cash and short-term investments as of June 30 was $33.3 million. We have not raised any capital through the ATM that we announced last December. We estimate that our existing cash, together with the proceeds from the AutoLap product and equity sale transaction will support the business into mid-2020.

Now, I'll turn the call back over to Todd. Todd?

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Joe. Certainly, the first half of 2019 did not meet our expectations in terms of commercial sales. We learned a number of lessons in the US that we are now implementing into our commercial strategy going forward. We continue to build our pipeline in EMEA, and we made significant progress entering Asia. Due to the difficulty of accurately predicting the timing of sales at this stage of our commercial ramp, we've decided not to provide the formal quarterly system sales guidance at this time. Overall, we continue to believe that we'll drive adoption of Senhance in the US, EMEA and Asia. We remain confident in the quality of our pipeline and expect to show meaningful commercial progress in the back half of the year as we seek to drive improved performance.

And with that, I'd like to open up the line for any questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from Rick Wise from Stifel. Your line is open.

Rick Wise -- Stifel -- Analyst

Hi, Todd. Hi, Joe. I mean, obviously, very frustrating for you, frustrating for us. Let me kind of come at it in a couple of ways. Just trying to understand what's going on. I appreciate that going to market with new technology from a young company can be a challenge. But help us understand what changed from your comments in mid-May when you indicated that you hoped for two to four systems this quarter still and you feel good. Again, I appreciate that timing these things is always tough, but maybe just help us understand what changed or what didn't happen. And why maybe we could be hopeful that some of this volume that you'd hope for might be more visible in the second half.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Thanks, Rick. Certainly appreciate your sentiments. Specifically, on our comments, we had on our second quarter call, we disclosed that we had one PO in hand, and we had another one that we expected to close shortly. The one, we did close. The second PO was received from a distributor in EMEA, and we just haven't shipped that one yet. We were just negotiating terms with the distributor. So that one didn't happen and was delayed. So we felt like we were having to call it pretty good visibility to one, certainly two, and we felt like we would close a few others. Those that we didn't close that we expected to have continued to slip, not necessarily go away.

And as we talked about a little bit earlier in the comments, we do feel like our pipeline continues to progress, but we felt like we needed better utilization of the system. It's volume and consistency. So when some of these pipeline accounts wanted good referenceable accounts, they could talk to folks that were are not only using the system, but had kind of graduated to be proctors and speakers. We feel like -- also, we haven't had a Head of Sales in place, and that's always tough on the sales force. We've added a VP of Sales in the last seven weeks. As we talked about, it's a person that we feel like has got a good quality background in robotic sales early in their life cycle, not necessarily after the companies mature.

We mentioned four companies that he and some of the other people we've recently brought in can really -- we think can help us round out the sales force with the right kind of diversity of experience. So from that standpoint, that was primarily the US. Europe, we think it's a little bit just more -- really timing-related. Not a lot of deals that we felt like we lost. They just continue to get caught up in processes. And for us in Asia, it's early. Well, I think we certainly feel encouraged by what's going on in Taiwan. We feel like we set the table well in Japan. But I think, primarily, those early comments that I made are reflective of the US, which is probably, most of your questions.

Rick Wise -- Stifel -- Analyst

Right. And again, I'm appreciating and totally understanding that you might not want to be very precise about the second half for -- or give us specific guidance. I get that. But I'm not sure how to square, Todd, the comments about you're adjusting your sales and go-to-market strategy. Again, it all makes sense what you're saying, but how does that square with the potential to -- just to quote you, that you'll show meaningful second half progress? I can't quite articulate to myself whether these changes that you're talking about all sound logical and sensible. But why is that going to help translate into meaningful second half progress just in terms of putting the numbers on the board?

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Certainly. Well, when we talked about our kind of strategy development as we approach sales, that's not anything we've done necessarily in the last week, two or three, over the last quarter. So we kind of realized that we did not focus enough on market development, so we've gone out over the last three or four months and added resources. We've hired folks that have got pretty deep experience in driving clinical utilization and building out networks of proctors and public speakers. They've done it with other emerging technologies. We think that's really important to kind of feed into a podium and publication strategy, which is very important for early emerging technologies.

We've also gone out and added marketing resources because these hospitals want to help -- they want to help crafting their own clinical and economic story. They want to be able to continue to recruit surgeons. They want to be able to say, hey, we've got some of the most cutting-edge technology available, including the newest robot approved, Senhance. They want help crafting that message, and they want help crafting messages for patient recruitment. And we've gone out and hired people that have expertise in that, and we've hired them kind of early in the summer. So we've kind of launched a much more focused effort with new folks on the team over the last three or four months around that market development, around clinical utilization, around hospitals being able to tell their message on how they're using the technology, and that we're starting to see that show up.

If you look at our website, we've got some good testimonial videos there. We've got some of our busiest users going out, advocating for the product. And that means a lot to the pipeline that's in waiting. We haven't had that as much in the past. And I know you've asked me famously about my comments of four to six quarters to have an inflection, and we're coming into our sixth quarter of approval here in the US, and some of those market development activities with busy committed surgeons are now starting to yield tools and advocacy that we think can impact the pipeline here in the back half. So that's not a changing go-to-market now. This is something that we've evolved into, added the resources and we think it's starting to pay off, for sure.

Joseph P. Slattery -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

And Rick, I would just add that the other thing that we look at to understand where we stand with the pipeline is deals that are at the contract review stage tend to become more predictable in terms of probability. Timing can still be a wide range, but they certainly escalate on our radar. And our, I would say, confidence about making the second half come out a lot better than the first half, really comes from the number of contracts that we have out right now under review really in all of our territories.

Rick Wise -- Stifel -- Analyst

That's really helpful, Joe. And as long as you're speaking, Joe, turning to cash, I just want to make sure that we're all clear. So with the cash you have on hand, with the sale of AutoLap but with not assuming any use of the ATM and not assuming the equity investment from GBIL [Phonetic], so just the cash on hand and AutoLap gets you to the middle of the year, and then you have that incremental potential to extend beyond that with those other potential sources of funds. Is that the right way to say it?

Joseph P. Slattery -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Not really. But I think you're trying to kind of -- I help you with the math that you're trying to square up there because we announced that we had $47 million coming in, and we also pulled back our cash runway a little bit. That's the question, right?

Rick Wise -- Stifel -- Analyst

Yes.

Joseph P. Slattery -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Okay. So finishing the last quarter roughly with $30 million. As part of the $47 million AutoLap transaction, we agreed to release the assets for the sale. We agreed to pay down our debt by $15 million, which also took $20 million of debt potential capacity out of our debt availability that was in the old cash runway. Okay? So basically, $47 million coming in for AutoLap minus $35 million of net debt capacity doesn't change things much. And the sales results over last quarter has had us moderate our internal expectations somewhat and that pulled forward the date a little bit as well.

Rick Wise -- Stifel -- Analyst

I figured. Yes. Just last for me for now. I'm going to take your comments about Japan. Obviously, the regulatory approval and reimbursement were hugely positive. And I'm going to take your comment, Todd, that you're reevaluating how you go-to-market in your strategy there. I'm going to take that as a positive as well and reflecting what I'm guessing is your optimism about having an impact there. But a couple of things, just -- so when might we imagine that you're going to be through this reevaluation process? When should we dream of revenues from Japan? Is it -- I assume it's not this year. Or revenues post the approval and reimbursement, when -- is that next year? Is it '21? Maybe just help us at a high level think through that as well. Thank you very much.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure. Well, you're right to characterize our reevaluation of Japan go-to-market as a positive. We were hoping for the best, for sure. And I think we've even exceeded our own expectations with nearly 100 procedures reimbursed at traditional laparoscopic levels. That's a big deal for us. It allowed us to really think differently of how we model out the next few years. I would say -- to answer your question specifically, I don't think we have to wait until next year to gain some traction. And we believe we're going to get some initial traction in the market this year. And then, that will become more meaningful next year in 2020. But that is a market that has been very focused on robotic acquisition, but they've been challenged a little bit on utilization due to cost per procedure and some of the things we've mentioned in the past. So the fact that we have this many procedures across so many specialties, I think you're starting to see some traction this year.

Rick Wise -- Stifel -- Analyst

Thank you so much.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Rick.

Operator

Your next question comes from Jeffrey Cohen from Ladenburg Thalmann. Your line is open.

Jeffrey Cohen -- Ladenburg Thalmann -- Analyst

Hi, Todd and Joe. How are you?

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Jeff.

Jeffrey Cohen -- Ladenburg Thalmann -- Analyst

So I'm just trying to make sense some of the commentary and follow up with a few [Indecipherable] mentioned as well. So is this a change to the commercial strategy? And could you talk about the current commercial team, number of folks out in the field, at least domestically as far as capital and clinical? And then talk about maybe the size of the team expanding. It sounds like I've heard expansion a few times as far as market development, marketing, patient recruitment, etc. Thank you.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, yes. I would say that it's not necessarily a change to go-to-market. We're really evolving. We're adding some things. We went out there. We had a lot of early interest. We put some systems out there. And you get to be focused on capital sales and moving to the next capital sale. And what we realized, as we've talked about, is we really need to augment our focus on sales and revenue with market development. We're bringing a new robot to market. There's only been one in the market the last 20 years. We've got some education to do on what we do differently, the different features that we bring to the market and that requires market development, which requires advocacy from users.

They don't want to just hear it from us. And you have to get advocacy from multiple users and multiple specialties that's using the product, week in and week out. It has just taken a little bit of time to get there, and that's impacted our pipeline. Now that we do have those folks, we've added some resources internally to really bolster some of the things they want to do as they think about posters, publications, podiums, where they want to speak and how they want to talk about the device, proctoring new users, hosting pipeline accounts. So I would characterize it, Jeff, as more of an evolution.

And then to your question more specifically about current headcount, we still have around 15 sales professionals in the US I would think, as you think about most emerging med-tech companies, that's a very small number. So you've heard a little bit about expansion. All we're saying is when we feel like we've got the market development resources in, when our clinical utilization is clipping at a rate that we feel good about on our current installations, we certainly realized that to take advantage of a more national opportunity, you can't do that with 15 reps. You've got to expand that. And I think when the time is right as we look to next year, I think we have plans to expand that sales footprint so we can take advantage of the opportunities all across the nation, not in just a handful of geographies.

Jeffrey Cohen -- Ladenburg Thalmann -- Analyst

Okay. Got it. And one more, if I may. Could you talk a little bit about any trends and utilization that you've seen? It looks like utilization was essentially flat from Q1. Do you expect any pick up there? Or is that going to come hand-in-hand with new placements? What are you seeing as far as existing placements and number of procedures and types of procedures?

Joseph P. Slattery -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Jeff, this is Joe. We don't disclose any of those details. But I can tell you, I'm not sure where you picked up utilization was flat. Actually, what we're seeing is this -- a lot of the themes that Todd discussed were -- we started putting in place late last year. So we've seen some really strong improvement in our utilization on our systems. Now we still have a small base, and we've got several installations that -- we have some accounts that bought a robot that really never intended to use it a lot, but we also -- we're seeing more and more accounts exceeding the 10 procedure-a-month rate and growing.

So I think the -- a good way to look at it is to think about the installations that we've made in the last year perform at a substantially higher levels than those that did before. And that really owes to all the lessons that we've learned and how we have gone to the market and done a better job of getting additional surgeons across multiple specialties engaged with the program, either in advance of the install or shortly thereafter.

Jeffrey Cohen -- Ladenburg Thalmann -- Analyst

Perfect. Okay. That's it from me. Thanks guys.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Jeff.

Operator

Your next question comes from Larry Keusch from Raymond James. Your line is open.

Larry Keusch -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Thank you. Hi, Todd, I was -- I know that there's probably a bunch of moving pieces around the FDA process with the 5-millimeter articulating instruments. But can you sort of help us understand kind of next steps for you and maybe help us think about when you might be in a position to file that because if I'm hearing you correctly, it sounds like that's not going to happen this year?

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Larry, thanks for the question. Yes. And I know you've always been particularly interested in those products, so I'm glad you asked the question. Yes. I mean, look, our -- I think we've described it pretty well in the call. As we think about some of the feedback we're getting from Europe, people like the device. But as always, post-approval, you get feedback. And you have to kind of make a decision, is that kind of a next generation? Do you want to incorporate it now? As we were going through beginning of our usability study, we got some of that feedback. We really just stepped back and said, should we go through with a multi-million dollar cost of the full usability study? Or should we incorporate some of this feedback? And then we also have some other products that will be coming down the regulatory pipe, you're never quite sure exactly what's going to demand a usability study or not. That's depending on a larger matrix as the regulatory authorities here in the US think about it.

But we felt like we do have some other pretty significant product offerings that we want to put through the agency in the coming quarters that very well may require usability study. So we just stepped back and said, look, let's go and go through with the whole thing, let's couple some of those things together. And one of those devices also -- maybe our 10-millimeter articulating. We've been out in Europe long enough now. The current market norm is 8-millimeter. 10-millimeter's not that big of a difference. We were excited about 5-millimeter and still continue to be, but we're also getting some good traction with our 10-millimeter. So we may add that in addition to the usability study of the 5-millimeter.

Haven't made an exact calculation of when we'll restart that. I would not necessarily rule out this year, we haven't said that. What we're going to do is take a look at the other products we may want to include in a usability study, try to get some early read from the agency on what will and will not be required for usability study and then roll that all into one. And as soon as we make that determination and get that kicked off, we could provide a little bit better feedback on timing.

But one thing, Larry, I'll just continue to say and this has already been an agile debate for us, as we go out and focus on laparoscopic surgeons, certainly, people across many procedures value articulation, but that inherently adds to the cost of procedure. And one kind of bedrock foundation for Senhance is to try to provide cost per procedure that's similar to laparoscopy. And that is hard to do when you have articulating instruments because you can't reuse those over time like you can other instruments because of the difficultly in cleaning them time and again. So we continue to have very good uptake across a lot of procedures that people love the capabilities of our system and they're doing them very well.

And it's also, I think, reflected some of the regulatory approvals we get. We feel like we've got a very broad mandate of what we can do with the system today. We always felt like advanced energy was the Number 1 thing we needed to add, and we're glad we added it. So we'll continue to consider bringing articulation to as many geographies as it makes sense because I think it will have its place. But for us to be able to stay focused on cost per procedure similar to lap, which has really propelled us into some of these reimbursement -- favorable decisions we had, it's just not always the front and center product we feel like we've got to bring next. So a long answer to your question, but I wanted to try to cover it from a couple of different aspects.

Larry Keusch -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Yes. Thank you. That was very helpful. And then -- look, I know that you're not, at this point, ready to provide any quarterly system guidance. But I guess the one question that I was hoping that you might be able to shed a little light on, if you had to think about the second half of the year and you talked about at least one US -- excuse me, an OUS installation that should occur during the third quarter. As we think about the second half of the year, do you think that you can actually place US systems? Or should we really be thinking about it, again an OUS-dominated second half for system installations?

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Good question. As we said -- as we kind of wrapped up our prepared comments, we feel like we expect to show a meaningful commercial progress in the back half. So that's obviously, kind of -- as we relate it to our first half. We believe that all of our geographies should contribute to that, frankly, EMEA, Asia and the US, for sure. We believe that all three should contribute to the meaningful back half commercial progress.

Larry Keusch -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Okay. And then last one and maybe for Joe. Again, just trying to understand here from a -- sort of a revenue outlook. Is there anything that you can sort of help us think about how we should be thinking about revenues for the year now that you sort of had the first half and you got some visibility into your pipeline?

Joseph P. Slattery -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Hi, Larry. It is Joe. I'm sorry that we're not giving out guidance. So I'm not sure there's any way I can answer that question.

Larry Keusch -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Okay. Appreciate it. Thanks guys.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Larry.

Operator

That concludes our question-and-answer session for today. I will turn the call back over to Todd Pope for closing remarks.

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, thank you, again, for joining us on the call today. And we certainly look forward to updating you on our next quarterly call. Thank you.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 48 minutes

Call participants:

Mark Klausner -- Managing Partner

Todd M. Pope -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Joseph P. Slattery -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Rick Wise -- Stifel -- Analyst

Jeffrey Cohen -- Ladenburg Thalmann -- Analyst

Larry Keusch -- Raymond James -- Analyst

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