Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) offer investors an appealing alternative to owning individual stocks. With ETFs, investors can own an asset that trades like a stock but gives them ownership of a broad range of stocks or other assets.

Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF)

An exchange-traded fund, or ETF, allows investors to buy many stocks or bonds at once.

There are all kinds of ETFs available. Some track major indexes such as the S&P 500 or the Nasdaq Composite. Others give investors exposure to certain parts of the world, like China or emerging markets. And some ETFs concentrate on specific sectors, such as technology or bank stocks.

Dice spelling ETF.
Image source: Getty Images.

In a challenging market environment, ETFs can help reduce one big risk of owning an individual stock because they tend to be less volatile than individual stocks. Although they're similar in principle to mutual funds, they're easier to buy and trade than the typical mutual fund and tend to have lower fees.

If you're looking for ETFs to invest in, keep reading to see seven of the best.

Top 7 ETFs to buy now

Top 7 ETFs to buy now

Data source: Data as of April, 1, 2024.
ETF Ticker Assets Under Management (AUM) Expense Ratio Description
Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (NYSEMKT:VOO) $435.2 billion 0.03% Fund that tracks the S&P 500
Invesco QQQ Trust (NASDAQ:QQQ) $259.6 billion 0.2% Fund that tracks the Nasdaq 100
Vanguard Growth ETF (NYSEMKT:VUG) $118.8 billion 0.04% Invests in large-cap U.S. growth stocks
iShares Core S&P Small-Cap ETF (NYSEMKT:IJR) $79.8 billion 0.06% Fund that tracks the S&P SmallCap 600 Index
iShares Core Dividend Growth ETF (NYSEMKT:DGRO) $27.16 billion 0.08% Invests in U.S. stocks focused on dividend growth
Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (NYSEMKT:VTI) $389.09 billion 0.03% Holds about 4,000 U.S. stocks of all sizes
iShares Core MSCI Total International Stock ETF (NASDAQ:IXUS) $36.34 billion 0.07% Holds about 4,300 international stocks of all sizes

1. Vanguard 500 ETF

1. Vanguard 500 ETF

Vanguard created the index fund. If you're looking for an S&P 500 index fund, the Vanguard S&P 500 ETF is hard to beat.

It offers a dirt-cheap expense ratio of just 0.03% -- compared to the 0.78% average for similar funds. This lower expense ratio means investors will pay just $3 in annual fees for every $10,000 invested with the fund rather than $78 in a typical competing fund.

The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF is one of the largest and most popular ETFs (third in assets under management, or AUM). The ETF's combination of low cost and large size makes it a great choice if you're looking to invest in the broader market. Because of its history, diversification, and exposure to blue chip stocks, many investors consider it one of the best ETFs to buy and hold.

The S&P 500 has an excellent track record of delivering returns for investors. Over the last 50 years, the average stock market return, as measured by the S&P 500, is 9.4% with dividends reinvested. The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF is a low-cost way to capture the market's returns.

2. Invesco QQQ Trust

2. Invesco QQQ Trust

If you're looking for exposure to big tech stocks, Invesco QQQ Trust is an excellent choice. The ETF tracks the Nasdaq-100 index, which includes 100 of the Nasdaq's largest nonfinancial companies.

The top stocks in the ETF are Apple (AAPL 1.66%), Microsoft (MSFT 0.74%), and Amazon (AMZN -0.17%), and it boasts an affordable expense ratio of 0.2%. It's one of the best-performing ETFs over the past decade. The Invesco QQQ Trust has generated a total return of more than 395% (17.4% annually), easily outpacing the S&P 500 at 235% (12.8% annually).

The Nasdaq-100 suffered from a challenging bear market for most of 2022 but rallied sharply throughout 2023 and into early 2024. Growth stocks tend to rise faster than the overall market in the early stages of a bull market.

3. Vanguard Growth ETF

3. Vanguard Growth ETF

Growth stock investors were licking their wounds for much of 2022 and into early 2023, as rising interest rates that make the discount rate rise in financial models pressured growth stocks.

If that downturn made you tired of trying to pick a growth stock winner when so few were delivering gains, you might want to invest in the Vanguard Growth ETF. The ETF holds large-cap growth stocks and tracks the CRSP US Large-Cap Growth index.

Like the Invesco QQQ Trust and the Vanguard 500 index, the Vanguard Growth ETF's biggest holdings are Apple and Microsoft. The growth-focused ETF also holds many other growth stocks among the roughly 210 companies it owned as of early 2024.

The Vanguard Growth ETF offers a rock-bottom expense ratio of just 0.04%. Its low cost makes it a good deal for anyone looking for a growth stock ETF.

4. iShares Core SP Small-Cap ETF

4. iShares Core S&P Small-Cap ETF

The iShares Core S&P Small-Cap ETF provides broad exposure to small-cap stocks. Small caps tend to be more volatile than the broader market since they may not be profitable or as well capitalized as their large-cap counterparts. As a result, small caps tend to be more at risk during a downturn because they may not have the same access to capital.

This ETF helps mute some of that risk by owning a large basket of small caps. It held more than 665 stocks as of early 2024. It has a fairly low concentration of holdings. Its top 10 holdings made up about 7.2% of the total. The ETF has a very low expense ratio of 0.06%, making it a low-cost way to add some small-cap exposure to your portfolio.

5. iShares Core Dividend Growth ETF

5. iShares Core Dividend Growth ETF

Dividend stocks are great long-term investments. Over the last 50 years, dividend-paying companies have outperformed the broader market (9.2% average annual total return versus 7.7% for an equal-weight S&P 500 index). The best performance came from dividend growers and initiators (10.2% versus 6.6% for companies with no change in their dividend policy).

The iShares Core Dividend Growth ETF provides exposure to U.S. stocks with a history of growing their dividends per share. It held more than 420 dividend stocks as of early 2024.

The ETF offers a relatively attractive dividend yield. As of early 2024, it had a trailing-12-month yield of 2.5%, more than the 1.4% dividend yield of an S&P 500 index fund. And thanks to its low expense ratio of 0.08%, investors get to keep more of the dividend income the ETF produces. The fund should also deliver price appreciation as the underlying companies grow their earnings and dividends.

Dividend Yield

A financial metric indicating annual dividend income relative to stock price, expressed as a percentage.

6. Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF

6. Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF

Although the S&P 500 is considered a broad-market index, it gives you exposure to only 500 large-cap U.S. stocks. If you want to own all the stocks in the U.S. market, the best way to do it is through a total stock market fund such as the Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF.

The fund held roughly 3,750 stocks as of early 2024, including large caps, mid caps, and small caps. Because its holdings encompass the S&P 500, its largest holdings are the same as for the broad market index.

Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF aims to track the CRSP US Total Stock Market index. Like other Vanguard funds, its low expense ratio of 0.03% makes it an affordable way to invest in the entire U.S. stock market through one ETF.

7. iShares Core MSCI Total International Stock ETF

7. iShares Core MSCI Total International Stock ETF

If it's international markets you want, the iShares Core MSCI Total International Stock ETF is a good way to go. The fund derives its holdings from an MSCI global index and then subtracts the U.S. listings. It has almost 4,400 stocks, including large caps, mid caps, and small caps from around the world.

The ETF offers diversified international exposure. The fund's top five geographies as of early 2024 were:

  • Japan: 15.4% of the fund's holdings
  • United Kingdom: 9.5%
  • Canada: 7.5%
  • France: 7%
  • China: 6.7%

The fund allows you to invest globally at an affordable expense ratio of 0.07%. It also has an attractive dividend yield of 2.7% as of early 2024, based on dividend payments over the last 12 months.

Related investing topics

Are ETFs right for you?

Are ETFs right for you?

Exchange-traded funds can work for almost any kind of investor, regardless of your investing style or the type of stocks you're looking to invest in. There are hundreds of ETFs available that offer exposure to a wide range of sectors, as well as different kinds of investing goals, such as dividends or growth.

With these funds, you can avoid some of the risk and volatility of investing in individual stocks at a very low cost. They're also a good idea if there's a sector you want to invest in but don't know it well enough to pick individual stocks.

For most investors, holding at least one or two ETFs makes sense, especially if you want to eliminate some of the work of picking individual stocks. The list above offers a good start if you're looking for some of the best ETFs to buy.


Buying ETFs FAQ

What is the best ETF to buy right now?

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There are lots of good ETFs to buy in any market environment. In early 2024, the iShares Core Dividend Growth ETF looked relatively more attractive than other top ETFs.

Its price had underperformed the market (up about 6% over the past 12 months compared to an almost 20% gain for the S&P 500) as higher interest rates weighed on stocks with higher dividend yields. However, with rates expected to fall in 2024, dividend stocks could outperform, making this ETF look like one of the best to buy right now.

What is the most successful ETF?

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The most successful ETF over the last 10 years is the VanEck Semiconductor ETF (NYSEMKT:SMH). The fund focuses on semiconductor stocks and has delivered a 24.4% average annualized total return over the past decade, according to

Are ETFs best for beginners?

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ETFs are great for beginners because they take the guesswork out of picking individual stocks. An ETF focused on the broader market is best for beginners.

Top options include the S&P 500-focused Vanguard 500 ETF or the even broader Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF. They both own hundreds of stocks and have low expense ratios. They provide investors instant exposure to a diversified portfolio of stocks for a very reasonable cost.

Are ETFs still a good investment?

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ETFs can be very good investments. Many ETFs enable you to invest passively in a broader stock market index at a low cost, allowing them to earn market returns. Other ETFs are great options for those seeking passive income from dividend stocks or bonds. ETFs can also help investors earn market-beating returns by investing in a sector or group of stocks growing at above-average rates.

What ETF pays the highest dividend?

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According to data from, dozens of ETFs offered dividend yields in the double digits as of early 2024. However, many of the ETFs with the highest dividends were very small leveraged ETFs, making them very risky.

Even so, a couple of high-dividend ETFs stood out for yield-seeking investors: The Global X NASDAQ 100 Covered Call ETF (NYSEMKT: QYLD) and the J.P. Morgan Nasdaq Equity Premium Income ETF (NYSEMKT: JEPQ). Both used a covered call strategy to generate options income on a well-known market index (Nasdaq), enabling them to pay yields of about 10%.

John Mackey, former CEO of Whole Foods Market, an Amazon subsidiary, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. Matt DiLallo has positions in Amazon and Apple. The Motley Fool has positions in and recommends Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, Vanguard Index Funds - Vanguard Growth ETF, Vanguard Index Funds - Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF, Vanguard S&P 500 ETF, and iShares Trust - iShares Core S&P Small-Cap ETF. The Motley Fool recommends the following options: long January 2026 $395 calls on Microsoft and short January 2026 $405 calls on Microsoft. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.