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Equity Residential  (NYSE:EQR)
Q3 2018 Earnings Conference Call
Oct. 24, 2018, 11:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good day and welcome to the Equity Residential 3Q Earnings Conference Call. At this time, I would like to turn the conference over to Mr. Marty McKenna, please go ahead sir.

Marty McKenna -- Investor Relations

Thank you, Jonathan. Good morning and thank you for joining us to discuss Equity Residential's third quarter 2018 operating results. Our featured speakers today are David Neithercut, our CEO; Michael Manelis, our Chief Operating Officer; Mark Parrell, our President; and Bob Garechana, our Chief Financial Officer.

Please be advised that certain matters discussed during this conference call may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities law. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain economic risks and uncertainties. The Company assumes no obligation to update or supplement these statements that become untrue because of subsequent events. And now, I'll turn the call over to David Neithercut.

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Marty. Good morning everyone. Thanks for joining us for today's call. As we reported in last night's earnings release with the primary leasing season in the rear view mirror, we're pleased to now expect to deliver same-store revenue growth for the full year of 2.3%, which is at the very top of the guidance range we provided on our most recent earnings call in late July. Achieving this level of growth is the result of a couple of primary drivers: the continued strong demand across the board for rental housing and the relentless attention to customer service delivery each and every day by our outstanding property management teams. These two factors combined to maintain very high levels of occupancy, record-setting resident retention, and very strong renewal rates, all despite elevated levels of new supply across our markets. We could not be more proud of our teams across the country for the outstanding jobs they do making living with Equity a remarkable experience for each and every one of our residents. I'll now ask our Chief Operating Officer, Michael Manelis to go into greater detail in what we're seeing across our markets today.

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Okay, thank you, David. So let me begin with a huge shout out to our on-site teams. The third quarter represents our busiest activity period with just over one-third of the entire year's renewal and new leases taking place. The team's performance and relentless focus on delivering remarkable experiences to our residents delivered outstanding results for the quarter. With just over 24,000 transactions completed during the third quarter, we achieved a 5.1% increase on renewals and a 1.2% increase on new leases signed. This along with maintaining our occupancy at 96.2% has delivered third quarter revenue growth of 2.3%, which as David said, now gives us the confidence that our full year 2018 revenue growth will be 2.3%, which is the top of our previous reported range.

I would also like to highlight that the 16.4% turnover for the quarter is the lowest third quarter turnover reported in the history of our Company. We renewed just over 500 more residents in the third quarter of '18 versus the third quarter of '17 with roughly the same number of expirations in each period. During the third quarter, we also achieved our highest recorded resident satisfaction scores. Service-related surveys completed in the third quarter came in with an average rating of 4.8 out of five and year-to-date, we have increased our all-time high online reputation scores with both Google and Yelp. Both of these are by far the most important customer review platforms to our prospects. Bottom line is that service and leasing teams have been focused on delivering remarkable experiences and their efforts are paying off.

Before I move to specific market commentary, I would like to start by saying that the overall trends we've discussed last quarter have continued. Our average resident tenure currently at 2.2 years continues to grow. As a result of our exceptional renewal process, great service, and the macro trends of millennials deferring life change events like marriage, children and buying homes, strong demand fueled by good job growth and record low levels of unemployment in our markets have aided in the absorption of the elevated supply.

So let's start with Boston, full year revenue growth expectations of 2.4% is slightly above the expectations we shared with you on our second quarter call primarily due to stronger base rent growth, which has continued into October and stronger renewal increases. This performance happened at the same time that the majority of the 2018 new supply was delivered in the urban core and went head-to-head with most of our NOI. Our revised assumptions for 2018 include occupancy at 95.8%, a negative 0.8% on new lease change, and achieved renewal increases of 4.9%. Deliveries will be light in the urban core over the next year, which should continue to bring modest pricing power to the market.

Moving to New York, our current expectation for full year revenue growth has improved to 70 basis points. This is 50 basis points higher than the expectations we shared with you on our last call. This outperformance is a large contributor to us achieving the high-end of our overall Company same-store revenue guidance. Our full year assumptions for New York include occupancy at 96.5%, a negative 2.2% new lease change, and achieved renewal increases of 3%. Concession use (ph) in our portfolio remains extremely targeted and is well below both last year and all expectations throughout the year.

During the third quarter, we had move-in concessions being issued to less than 10% of our total applications in New York. This resulted in only $260,000 in concessions in the quarter as compared to $830,000 in the third quarter of 2017. 2019 deliveries will be significantly lower than '18 with more than a 50% decline expected. The deliveries will continue to be concentrated in Long Island City and Brooklyn where to-date we have not seen a significant impact to our operations. In fact, our base rents in New York today remain strong and sitting here in the last week of October, they have not yet started their normal seasonal decline.

As we think about DC, there is not much news to report. Positive economic conditions continue to aid the absorption of new supply, but the overall market continues to demonstrate very little pricing power. We have no change to our full year expectations of 1.2% revenue growth. Our assumptions include full year occupancy at 96.2%, a new lease change of negative 2.1%, and an achieved renewal increase of 4.2%. 2019 will mark another year of elevated supply with just over 12,000 units expected.

Moving over to the West Coast, Seattle is expected to deliver 3% revenue growth for the full year, which is in line with the guidance we issued in July. Our full year assumptions for Seattle include occupancy at 95.7%, a negative 1.8% new lease change, and achieved renewal increases of 5.7%. Seattle supply is expected to slightly increase next year to just over 8,000 units, but the CBD where we have approximately 40% of our NOI should experience some relief in 2019 as the concentration of the supply shifts to the Bellevue Redmond submarket where we have 24% of our NOI.

On the previous calls, I mentioned the outperformance of the San Francisco market being a contributor to the upward revision of our revenue guidance. Not much has changed. We expect full year revenue growth to be 2.9%, which is consistent with our July call. Our full year assumptions for San Francisco include 96% occupancy, a positive 0.3% new lease change, and 4.9% achieved renewal increase.

Looking at the overall market, the tech companies continue to grow and the Bay Area is on track to surpass the 10-year high of 35 IPOs that was set back in 2014. There continues to be daily announcements highlighting the expansion of companies in this market. Office vacancies continue to move lower and all of this should support positive fundamentals in our space. The deliveries for 2019 in San Francisco are expected to increase by about 2,500 units to 9,500 with over 40% concentrated in Oakland and East Bay submarkets. At this point, it is still unclear exactly what the impact from the Oakland deliveries will be, sort of like the Long Island City situation on Manhattan although this will have considerably fewer units coming online.

Moving down to Los Angeles, we expect full year revenue growth to be 3.6%, which is up 20 basis points from our July guidance. Our full year assumptions are 96.2% occupancy, 6.1% achieved renewal increase, and 1.4% new lease change. Construction in the market continues to face labor shortage issues, which has pushed 2,000 units from 2018 into 2019. We now have 2018 showing just over 9,600 units and 14,200 units being completed in 2019. It is likely that we will see some of the expected 2019 deliveries be pushed into 2020. That being said, the combined 24,000 units over the two-year period has not changed and this total is spread out over a huge geographical region. Remember, we tend to feel the impact from new supplies when it is delivered in a concentrated fashion in direct competition to our assets. For example, in 2019, our San Fernando Valley portfolio will have exposure to new supplies for the first time in a while, but that new supply will have very little direct impact on our West LA portfolio, which is many miles away. Regardless, the overall market in LA continues to demonstrate strong demand which should continue to aid the overall absorption.

Moving to Orange County, our full year revenue expectations have modestly increased 10 basis points to 3.6%. This is tied with LA for our second highest revenue growth market for the year. Our full year assumptions have occupancy at 96%, achieved renewal increases of 5.5%, and 0.3% new lease change. 2019 outlook for deliveries is about 500 fewer units at just over 3,500 units expected.

And last, but not least San Diego, our full year revenue expectations remain unchanged at 4% (ph). This will be our highest revenue growth market for the year. Our full year assumptions have occupancy at 96.2%, achieved renewal increases of 5.9%, and 1.6% new lease change. 2019 outlook for deliveries is about 700 fewer units at just over 3,000 units expected.

So now let me close with some color on 2019. While we are not issuing guidance at this point nor will I be sharing any specific numbers on a market level, I do want to share some general thoughts on our guidance process and our preliminary view of the 2019 market performance. To begin, we have two different approaches creating our guidance. One that is bottom-up completed by the on-site and property management leaders and the other that is a top-down approach completed by our revenue management and senior leadership team. We are in the very early stages of both methods and both methods consider supply, employment, and our current posture in terms of renewals, new lease rates and occupancy.

Today, we anticipate that both occupancy and achieved renewal increases will be very similar or slightly better next year. We also expect to see some improvement in our new lease change as modest pricing power continues to grow in many of our markets. To bucket our very preliminary expectations today, we would say that California markets excluding any impact from Proposition 10 may deliver similar results in 2019. Seattle will likely be less and moving to the East Coast, New York should be better, Boston's on track to be slightly better, and DC will most likely be about the same. With that, I will turn the call over to our President, Mark Parrell.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Thank you, Michael. As we expected, we had a busy third quarter on the investment side. We mentioned last quarter that we planned to reenter the Denver market after exiting that market in early 2016. We did so this quarter by acquiring two assets at a total cost of $275 million. As you may recall, we left that market because we had a portfolio that was primarily garden surface-parked older suburban products and was a portfolio exit, not a market call. We have kept our eye on Denver and continue to believe that in the right locations and prices, this market can produce excellent long term returns. We see in Denver many of the same attributes we see in our coastal markets that we think will lead to higher long term returns such as single-family home prices that are high as an absolute matter as well as on a relative basis as compared to incomes, the creation of many high-paying jobs over an extended time frame, a history of strong rent growth, and a market with a high quality of life where our target millennial demographic wants to live, work and play as evidenced by strong population growth in the 25 to 34 year-old age cohort and all that comes along with a fiscally sound local and state government.

So, some specifics for the assets in Denver. One asset was acquired for $140 million, which is about $395,000 a unit. The property was completed in 2017 and is a high-rise in the Uptown neighborhood near downtown with a 96 walk score. We expect a 4.7% cap rate in year one and believe we purchased it at a modest discount to replacement cost. The other Denver property is a mid-rise located in the same Uptown neighborhood. The property was acquired for $135 million or about $364,000 a unit, was built in 2017 and has an 83 walk score. We expect a 4.6% cap rate in year one and we also purchased it at a modest discount to replacement cost. We also acquired a high-rise asset in Boston for $216 million (ph) or about $572,000 per unit. It's located in the South End neighborhood and was built in 2015, has a 97 walk score, and complements well our current Boston portfolio. We expect a 4% cap rate in year one. And while we acknowledge that's a relatively low cap rate, we feel that it is a good trade as it was used, it was funded using proceeds from the sale of an asset on the Upper West side of New York and a disposition yield of 3.9%. This property sold for $416 million (ph) or about $820,000 per unit. We earned a 9.8% unlevered IRR over our five-year hold period. This property is in the burn-off period for the 421-a tax abatement program.

A quick note on our strategy in New York. We have a significant concentration on the Upper West side of Manhattan and felt it prudent to reduce our concentration in that submarket and our exposure to outsized real estate tax increases in the future. We continue to believe that the New York market is an excellent long-term IRR performer as evidenced by the return on the asset we just sold. You can expect us to buy and build in New York as opportunities present themselves. As always, we'll continue to review our portfolio both in New York and elsewhere with an eye to maximizing our long-term total return including our cash flow growth.

Before I conclude my remarks, as you all know, our friend and leader David Neithercut is retiring January 1 after a remarkable 25-year career at Equity Residential. On behalf of our investors, our Board, and the entire Equity Residential employees current and past, thank you, David, for your leadership and even more for being a person of great wisdom and integrity whether it was taking advantage of capital allocation opportunities like Archstone, navigating us safely through the shoals of the credit crisis or in your work every day to improve our operations and build our team, you always made the right decision in the right way. I also thank you for all the time and effort you've spent mentoring me over the years and I look forward to having you continue to contribute to Equity Residential as a board member. You've had a great ride at Equity and we wish you well in the next chapter of your life. And now I'll turn the call over to Bob Garechana, EQR's new Chief Financial Officer.

Robert Garechana -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Mark and good morning. With Michael having covered our upward revision to same-store revenue guidance, I want to take a couple of minutes to talk about same-store expense guidance, full year normalized FFO guidance, and capital markets activity. As is our custom with our third quarter reporting, we've raised our same-store guidance from -- we've revised our same-store guidance from ranges to single points. For same-store expenses, we expect to produce full year 2018 growth of 3.7% which is effectively at the midpoint of the guidance range we provided during the last call.

Before I move to specific categories, I'd like to highlight that for the first nine months of 2018, same-store expenses increased 3.4%. As a result, our guidance implies a higher expense growth rate during the fourth quarter of 2018. This is due to a low comparable period for the same quarter last year.

Now let me provide some color on the drivers of full year same-store expense growth. On property taxes, we produced growth of 4.1% through the first nine months of 2018. We now expect our full year property tax expense growth to be approximately 4% or at the low end of our prior expectations. We've continued to have success with our field (ph) and refund efforts this year relative to our prior estimates.

As a reminder, our prior property tax expectations already contemplated the sale of the New York assets subject to 421-a in the third quarter as Mark discussed. As such, a 30 basis point reduction to property taxes was already included in our second quarter range of 4% to 4.5%.

Now moving to payroll, our second largest expense category. For the full year, we continue to expect payroll growth around 3.5%. The job market remains highly competitive with near full employment. We like many employers continue to experience wage pressure in order to retain our best-in-class on-site employees and continue to provide superior resident service.

In our earnings release, we gave full year same-store revenue guidance of 2.3% driven by strong renewals, low turnover and high occupancy as Michael discussed. With same-store expenses in line with prior expectations, we now expect to produce same-store NOI growth of 1.7% which is at the higher-end of our previous range. This contributes approximately one additional penny per share to full year normalized FFO. We've also updated our guidance for normalized interest expense and corporate overhead, which we define as property management and G&A. We now anticipate a $0.01 improvement in normalized interest expense driven by lower-than-expected floating rates and later timing in our expected debt rate.

For normalized corporate overhead, we expect to come in at the top end of our previous range resulting in a $0.01 reduction to normalized FFO due to compensation expenses at the higher end of our earlier estimates. The net result of all of this is $0.01 increase to our normalized FFO guidance midpoint moving it from $3.25 per share to $3.26 per share. All-in-all, revenue expectations have improved, expenses remain in line and the midpoint of our normalized FFO guidance has modestly increased.

Quickly on the capital markets front, you saw in the release that we prepaid a $500 million secured debt pool due 2019 with our line of credit. Our guidance contemplated prepaying this relatively expensive debt and we were able to do so without penalty. We expect to term out all our portion of this debt in the upcoming months with the majority of the anticipated offerings hedged at very favorable treasury rates, we would expect to issue at a rate well below the level of the debt that we prepaid. With that Jonathan, I'll turn it over to the Q&A session.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. (Operator Instructions) We'll take our first question from Juan Sanabria with Bank of America.

Juan Sanabria -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Hi, good morning, thanks for the time. I was just hoping you guys could give us a little bit of color on New York City and how you're seeing new lease rates trending into next year? It seems like that's a big variable. If you could just talk to the range of what's expected for New York City in particular given the meaningful drop off that supplies at a market that's going to accelerate quickly or is that more of a 2020 story?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes, so this is Michael. So I think I said that I'm going to stay away from kind of the specifics of ranges at a market level. I will just tell you though in New York that while we do see this marked reduction in the supply, the 50 basis point and we like where the base rent growth is on a year-over-year basis today holding strong into October, you are going to come up against the wave of renewals for all of the deliveries that occurred this year. So, it's not like you're completely out of the woods, but you have forward momentum and New York definitely will be better next year or should be better next year than where it sits today just because of that forward momentum and what we have embedded into the rent growth.

Juan Sanabria -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Okay, great and then you kind of gave some parameters about supply expectations for '19, but do you have -- could you provide the percent change in expected deliveries? If we look at the latest Axio numbers, it seems like some of the West Coast markets are seeing an increase as a whole, but yet you still generally feel confident outside of Seattle that things are going to improve. Is that correct?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes, but I think I said even like in the San Francisco market, we see about 2,500 more units coming concentrated in that Oakland kind of East Bay. So I think our process that we go through and obviously we start with this kind of Axio (ph) database, we look at what is competitive to us. So I think in those prepared remarks as I was going through each market, I mean, the biggest marked decline is New York City, right? And then I would put everything else in these buckets of relatively similar and slight increase like we just said up in the Seattle and San Francisco area.

Juan Sanabria -- Bank of America -- Analyst

And (multiple speakers).

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

I'm sorry, what was that?

Juan Sanabria -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Anything in the San Jose area, you mentioned Oakland that would be a concern this year (ph), a relative increase for your portfolio exposure?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

No, I wouldn't say that there is really a concern. I mean, listen, there is strong demand in that market right now and even at those submarket levels. I think what's hanging out there right now is what impact does these Oakland deliveries have on San Francisco. Will there be the draw and I think it's too early to understand that, but all of the drivers are positive for the fundamentals of our business in that market. So I think these units will be absorbed that are coming to market. And I do want to clarify one thing that because of the shift that we -- as I said in the prepared remarks, in LA, we do see a significant increase in the deliveries for LA in '19 as compared to '18.

Juan Sanabria -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Thank you for that.

Operator

Thank you. We'll take our next question from Nick Yulico with Scotiabank.

Nicholas Yulico -- UBS -- Analyst

Oh, thanks, appreciate the commentary on 2019 on some of the revenue drivers there. Any early look you can give on expense growth. As the revenue is improving, is expense growth going to eat into that at all next year?

Robert Garechana -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, hi Nick, it's Bob. I mean, I'm going to do the same thing that kind of Michael's doing and avoid any specific commentary on numbers, but thinking about the big expense categories, you really have real estate taxes which we've seen a healthy run rate and not sure that you would expect anything kind of different going forward in terms of an aggregate growth component. And then on the payroll side, we continue to be at full employment in the economy and so we would expect to kind of see similar levels of employment or wage pressure as we look to retain and engage our employees.

Nicholas Yulico -- UBS -- Analyst

And then on New York City, you've had 6% expense growth this year. Some of that is due to I guess 421 tax abatements burning off. Can you just remind us where your portfolio in New York City is today in terms of the tax-free sets that have happened, what's still to come and I guess whether this issue is getting sort of better or worse in terms of expense growth for the New York City portfolio?

Robert Garechana -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

It's Bob again. We currently have 14 properties in New York that are subject to the 421-a program and what that means on our kind of real estate tax run rate basis related to the abatement specifically is on a full year basis, call it, $2.5 million to $3.5 million for the next, call it, five years. Those projects are all in different levels of abatement and some of them don't even start until further out, but for the next, call it, five years, it's $2.5 million to $3.5 million on an annual basis.

Nicholas Yulico -- UBS -- Analyst

Okay and then just last question, you sold the West End asset, it was a low cap rate. It sounds like I mean we heard that went to a evaluate (ph) buyer so I guess that supported a lower cap rate. I think you have two other assets you're marketing for sale in New York right now. I mean are those similar low cap rate deals and is there also any tax abatement burn offs there to consider? Thanks.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Hey, Nick, it's Mark. Congratulations on your new role. What I'd say is we're not going to comment on specific marketing activities, we're always out there putting assets on the market and doing recycling of assets through the system, but I wouldn't expect New York to be disproportionately affected necessarily by our sale activities. We've done well in the market. You could see we got a pretty good IRR on the asset we just sold, but I think overall as we look at New York and the tax abatement assets, if you wanted to buy relatively new New York assets or builds, you bought them with this abatement. Nothing really was built that didn't have this abatement on it. So the fact that we have a significant portfolio of 421-a assets is a reflection of fact that we have a significant portfolio in Manhattan. So again, I think we've done pretty well in these assets. Michael has mentioned some improvements in the supply picture. So I think there's some optimism in our minds about New York's performance and whatever assets we'll sell, we'll sell because we get a good price and if we don't sell anything in that market, that's OK as well.

Nicholas Yulico -- UBS -- Analyst

Okay, appreciate it and thanks and congratulations on your new role, Mark and David, best of luck in retirement.

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you very much, Nick.

Operator

(Operator Instructions) We'll take our next question from Nick Joseph from Citi.

Nicholas Joseph -- Citi -- Analyst

You continue to drive turnover well. I know it's been a large focus, but what level of turnover do you consider frictional at which point it can't go lower as that new lease growth becomes more important?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes. I mean it's an interesting question. So I think I don't know if we're there yet but I would say we are getting close. I think with record turnover being recorded now for the last couple of quarters I would expect that trend to continue. I think that the team has done a fantastic job as I said with a relentless focus on delivering outstanding service and focus on renewals. I don't know exactly where we're going to land but I'm guessing that we're getting close to kind of normalizing on a turnover percent.

Nicholas Joseph -- Citi -- Analyst

Thanks and then you did the deals in Denver this quarter. Are you considering expansion into any other markets right now?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Yes, hey Nick, it's Mark. The best thing I can do to guide you on that is we've been very open to evolution in our strategic process is to refer you to our investor materials. There's a chart on page 17 that has like a bit of heat map that shows you what we think are our market attributes that contribute to success long term and Denver was the highest rated market on there that we didn't (ph) own. So as we think about our markets, it's certainly possible that we'll enter other markets, but we're thinking about it in the framework of these classic characteristics where we think are good markets which are relatively high single-family cost, places where our target demographic wants to live, work, and play, high wage growth markets. Those sorts of things that are driving our decisions.

Michael Bilerman -- Citigroup -- Analyst

It's Michael Bilerman speaking. David just one question for you and congratulations on your retirement and congratulations to the rest of the team in terms of this transition that was executed all with internal promotions demonstrating the bench and the leadership that you've shown. I'm just curious about staying on the Board, we've seen companies do different things where a CEO retires and then exits completely versus they're staying on the Board. Can you talk me through how you and the Board came to the decision to have you stay on versus leaving?

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure, we've had lots of discussions about that Michael and decided that really one size does not fit all notwithstanding the fact there probably is best practices. Probably would've been impossible for me to have stayed on the Board if someone was coming in from the outside. I've actually hired Mark 20 years ago. He's reported nearly directly to me most of that time period and so I think the general belief is that with that scenario that it would be OK for me to remain on the Board. I think I understand my boundaries. Mark and I have had a lot of discussions about what role I should play in terms of going forward as well as what role I can play for him sort of going forward and I think we both go into this with our eyes wide open and with the belief that it will work very well.

Michael Bilerman -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Now will you add another independent to the Board to sort of balance things out a little bit because arguably you are technically an insider?

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

Well, I'm more than technically an insider. I am an insider. Look, we have had some Board -- quite a bit of Board refreshment over the past several years and I expect that to continue.

Michael Bilerman -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Thank you.

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

You're very welcome.

Operator

Thank you. We'll take our next question from Steve Sakwa with Evercore Investments.

Stephen Thomas Sakwa -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Thanks, good morning. I wondered -- I know you guys aren't going to talk specifically about next year, but obviously Seattle has shown a very, very large deceleration on your numbers. The same-store rental rate has gone from 6.6% (ph) a year ago down to 1.4% (ph) and I appreciate your comments about maybe supply moving to some of the suburban markets next year, but just I guess how concerned are you about further slowdowns in the Seattle market in general as you look forward?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Well, yes, I mean think clearly and you can tell from the prepared remarks that we expect Seattle will produce lower revenue growth next year. It's almost as taking what's embedded today with the rents in place and modeling it forward. I will tell you I feel better right now about Seattle than I did sitting here three months ago when we were talking about the market. We've kind of stabilized the occupancy albeit at a lower price point, but sitting here today, our occupancy is up at 96.1%. So we have some growth in occupancy over the prior period and I think we're going to kind of run this portfolio with a little bit of a conservative play and build up this occupancy and let us get through kind of some of the spot. I think the job growth side -- it remained a diverse market for job growth. We see that Amazon has got like -- they are back up to like the record number of open positions at 7,700 in Seattle. So I feel like there's some good fundamental things happening. We had to work through some of the supply. We're seeing some of that relief in the CBD. Now next year there'll be that shift like I said into the Bellevue Redmond. I think we'll be able to kind of work our way through that with some of the expansion and strength from Microsoft, but this is just something we've got to kind of let play out a little bit and I think we know how to kind of navigate our way through this.

Stephen Thomas Sakwa -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Okay, so it sounds like things are stabilizing. Obviously, we just had sort of the natural maturation of the numbers, but from your perspective, it doesn't sound like it's getting worse from here.

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

No, other than like the erosion of the pricing power that I just alluded to, it feels like we've kind of stabilized and we think we're in a place that we know how to navigate our way through this.

Stephen Thomas Sakwa -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Okay and then just maybe switching gears to development. I'm not sure who wants to field this, but just in general if you guys are evaluating new projects and thinking about potential land purchases this late in the cycle. I'm just curious what are you seeing in terms of construction costs and sort of what is your experience in the market in terms of other developers, new projects, the pace of the new starts. I mean we clearly continue to see a push out of the current pipeline, but I'm just sort of curious on your expectations maybe over the next 12 months in terms of new starts given the sort of stabilizing market, but certainly rising construction costs.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Hey Steve, it's Mark and David may amplify my answer a little. Just to answer the question on cost, what we're seeing is generally 4% to 8% hard (ph) cost escalation with the 4% to 6% number more on the East Coast and the numbers in the 6% to 8% range being more Seattle, San Francisco, and Southern California. We do look across our markets and we go to events that are industry events and here developers speak to the pressures they are under both under -- in terms of hard cost escalations, the tariffs, high land cost, the slower growth we've seen in rents of late not keeping up with those costs as well as of course financing cost is up. We do see construction continue to go on. We think it is abating but not in some material sense except in New York as Michael alluded to. So we do think these developers are under significant pressure. We do think they are building to IRRs that are from our perspective too low. A lot of the product that was being built is good product and maybe it is product we'd be interested in buying at some point in the cycle, but at this juncture, I can't tell you I see some material significant decline across the board again except in terms of New York City.

Stephen Thomas Sakwa -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Okay, that's it for me and congratulations to both of you and good luck.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Thank you very much.

Operator

Thank you. We'll take our next question from John Pawlowski with Green Street Advisors.

John Pawlowski -- Green Street Advisors -- Analyst

Thanks, curious some of your office REIT peers have been pounding the table on an inflection point in D.C. demand and I know multifamily supply is still high. Curious if you are seeing any inflection point from fiscal stimulus, defense spending where big employers are starting to enter the market?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

So this is Michael. Hold on, I'm trying to see if I can get you the foot traffic count. I think the overall market right now is showing increase in demand. Let me see if I can grab that percent. So for the month of September, our foot traffic was up 1.4% over September of '17. So call it stable to increasing what I would say as demand people willing to take the time to come in and take a tour with us. It's still not demonstrating the pricing power that we need. So I do think there's this stable improving demand component that is aiding in the absorption of the new supply but nothing that's really giving us a position for pricing power.

John Pawlowski -- Green Street Advisors -- Analyst

D.C. is kind of like New York is a magnet for capital and cap rates are pretty low and at least for the near term growth prospects, that cap rate seems irrationally low perhaps. Curious how you are thinking about D.C. as a source of funds potentially for other expansion markets and how you kind of rank the return prospects of D.C. versus some other East Coast markets you operate in?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Hey John, it's Mark. We're constantly looking at all the markets including D.C. and pruning the low-performing assets and you can expect us to continue to do that in D.C. And we're certainly aware acutely of the high supply and the impact that's had on our numbers the last few years. I do want to point out D.C. over time has been a terrific performing apartment market and coming out of the Great Recession it did very well for us. So it does have some counter cyclical benefits. It does have the fact that it's performed well over long periods of time. So there are things about D.C. that we do find appealing. It certainly would be great if the supply abated a bit, but at this juncture, it isn't likely to think that D.C. In fact, we just completed an asset $100,000 that's just started its lease up (ph). So far it is going very well in the sort of NoMa area so to speak of Washington. So we like the market in many regards, but we do acknowledge the difficulties of late in terms of supply.

John Pawlowski -- Green Street Advisors -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

Operator

Thank you, we'll take our next question from Rich Hill from Morgan Stanley.

Richard Hill -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Hey, good morning guys. I'm sorry if you mentioned this earlier but I haven't heard any discussion on it. Do you have any updates on Costa-Hawkins. We're hearing various different things but I was wondering if you had any updates from the ground given that it is less than a month away, a couple of weeks away at this point?

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

David Neithercut here. Really, I mean the only update for you to have would be the things you are sort of hearing too, just the results of we see more and more newspaper editorials coming out opposing prop 10. We do probably see the same polling that you're probably seeing. So no real updates I can give you going into now just 14 or so days away from election day, but generally I can tell you we've got a -- we've assembled a really good team, very ably led by our senior most leader on the West Coast as well as a senior leader there and those guys have really been doing a terrific job getting the message out about what a mistake this would be to address a very serious housing problem in the state and polling is suggesting at least initially that the electorate is understanding that this is not the way that one goes about addressing a very serious housing problem. So I tell you, we're going to run through the tape on this and we feel like we've got a good message and the electorate is hearing it.

Richard Hill -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Got it. That's helpful. Thank you. I wanted to circle back to New York City for a second. Look I have complete appreciation why New York City is a really attractive asset class over the medium to long term, but I'm curious if you think about New York City and supply coming down is it just the worst case scenario coming off the table or do you really expect growth to inflect and I guess the question I'm asking you is how do you as an owner of multifamily properties in New York City balance near term maybe growth that's not as attractive as some of the markets but recognize in that medium to long term and the IRR potential is still really attractive?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

John it's Mark. I want to repeat back the question because you broke up a little bit there. You were asking for sort of our view short and medium term on New York? Is that right? Rich? Yes. I'm going to go with that because I can't quite hear it all. Again, we're not in a position to give you exact numbers at this juncture, but just in 2015, this market was a 4% revenue market. That wasn't that long ago. So we think that with the supply abating, the continual cycling in of new media jobs and technology jobs into that market, there's a reason this market and not (ph) suggesting it's 4% next year, but can go back to a good run rate on revenues at some point in the near future. So we like the market short term, medium term, long term all across the board.

Richard Hill -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Okay, that's helpful and sorry for breaking up on you there. That's very helpful. Thanks guys.

Operator

Thank you. We'll take our next question from John Kim with BMO Capital.

John P. Kim -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thanks, good morning. The two stabilized developments you had this quarter indicate it is 4.3% stabilized yield. I'm wondering if that came in below your expectations. And if so what drove this?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

I'm sorry again, the question was relating to Helios?

John P. Kim -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yes, Helios and 855 Brannan (ph).

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Yes, we see those assets stabilizing at a mid-5% yield. Again they're still occupying, concessions are burning off, all that still goes on, on those assets. So we're happy to bring those in kind of a mid-5% yield is our expectation.

John P. Kim -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay and then on your partnership with WhyHotel in D.C. can you give some kind of indication as to how much that could add to your development returns or development yield on the project?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

So it's Mark. I mean we think that could be $800,000 or something like that to normalized FFO and really just to be clear, none of the numbers that we're going to show you is the occupancy and stuff on the development page have anything to do with WhyHotel's occupancy temporarily of units in their properties it does it's hotel execution. So in the long run, what you will see from us is just $100, 000 numbers strictly from a residential -- permanent residential perspective, but I think you should think about it not as affecting the development yield but really just is affecting FFO (ph) next year.

John P. Kim -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay, great. That was my next question. Turning to your New York strategy, do you still feel like there's a need to reduce your concentration in the upper west side and or are you encouraged to sell more given the pricing at 101, West End?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Well, we certainly thought the pricing on West End was good from our perspective. We don't feel compelled to necessarily lower our exposure further there. I think again we'll have assets in the market -- in all our markets at varying points in time and if a bid came in we like, we might take it and reinvest in Denver and elsewhere, but I don't say -- we're here as a team, we don't feel like we're overexposed anymore to the upper west side, but again we'll look at each opportunity as it comes.

John P. Kim -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hey, great, thanks.

Operator

We'll take our next question from Michael Lewis from SunTrust.

Michael R. Lewis -- SunTrust -- Analyst

Great, thank you. You talked earlier about rising construction costs and what that might mean for supply. I wanted to ask a little bit more specific to you. You haven't had to raise the budgeted costs on your active developments. Could you talk a little about when the process you locked in cost how much lock in and if you've changed your process around that at all given we're in a rising cost environment?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

I'm going to start and David may amplify some of this, but for example the West End tower deal, the so-called Garden Garage deal we're 90% bought out on that deal. It was a matter of great interest to both the Board and to the investment committee internally that we not go forward unless we were very certain about our construction cost and had an appropriate contingency. So I think we are very focused on these things. I'm not sure I have the level of detail you're asking for on each one of these deals, but as we've approached both West End Tower and 249, Third Street which are our two most recent starts, we've been very focused on making sure that as much as possible things are bought out and if there are some risks that we've got an appropriate contingency in them. So right now, we feel comfortable very much so with our budgets.

Michael R. Lewis -- SunTrust -- Analyst

No, that's helpful since West End is the biggest one and has the longest lead time. My second question is more of a bigger picture question, a lot has been talked about millennials finally getting to marriage age. They're older right but they're getting up into their late 30s the oldest ones. I was wondering about the falling divorce rate and if that's in any way impactful and if you think these things together could become a drag on household formation as that demographic wave kind of moves through the snake?

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

We don't think about it, very good question. We don't think about our assets as only attracting millennials. I mean 20% of our residents are 50 and older. We think our kind of product in the areas we're in with the urban and dense suburban amenities we have attract people of all ages, but I guess I'd answer and say that it is certainly true, the millennials are aging. Our average age in our units is 34 and the biggest cohort is 26 right now of millennials. So we've still got people coming feeding demand. 40% plus of our units are single occupant units. So again we see continued demand across all age groups for our product. That Gen Z group that's coming up I'm not sure why they would like an urban lifestyle any less than their slightly older siblings. So I mean we feel pretty good about all the demographic numbers.

Michael R. Lewis -- SunTrust -- Analyst

Do you think the falling divorce rate is worth paying attention to or do you think it's mostly immaterial and not important?

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

I guess that's kind of hard to say, I mean I don't know. I mean I don't know if that's a trend or if that's this year's number or I don't (ph) mean the birth rate went down and down and now it sort of went up a little bit. I don't -- as I said I'm not sure what to make of something when it just happens for a year or so.

Michael R. Lewis -- SunTrust -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

Operator

Thank you. We'll take our next question from Dennis McGill from Zelman & Associates.

Dennis Patrick McGill -- Zelman & Associates -- Analyst

One question with a relation to the employment outlook as you guys think about and plan for 2019 in general and maybe rising uncertainty in general about the economy how do you think about some of the key drivers whether it is employment growth, wage growth things like that as you build the plan and what type of ranges would you put around that with uncertainty maybe a little bit higher deeper into the cycle et cetera?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Yes, great question. Just to be fair about our process, we don't have an algorithm where we input 150,000 jobs per quarter or per month pardon me new jobs and come up with a revenue number. It's more that on-site teams and the in-market teams talking about the hiring they are seeing and hearing about as supplemented by what our investment teams think across our markets and here in Chicago. So I don't want to give this sense that again there's some computer that's spitting out a number for us. And again a lot of the job growth numbers are national and our portfolio is not national, it's in certain places. So our focus is a bit more micro than maybe your question implies.

Dennis Patrick McGill -- Zelman & Associates -- Analyst

Okay but just as you think about that micro impact, I'm sure you've looked at it that way. Is the preliminary look in the numbers that you laid out as far as directionally markets, is that largely assuming that the employment backdrop that was in place in 2018 holds in 2019?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Yes. It roughly is and we feel like we have (inaudible) in Michael's remarks to give you a little color on that, we see hiring occurring in all our markets whether it's a new tech company in Boston or some other hiring relating to media in Los Angeles. So we see it across the platform, but yes, we basically in our minds right now assuming the things, we have rising wages across our resident base combined with employment that's roughly equivalent in '19 to '18.

Dennis Patrick McGill -- Zelman & Associates -- Analyst

Okay and then separately, can you maybe just discuss what you're hearing and seeing whether it's your own team or just out there in the market conversations around capital availability from the landing site as well as capital interest in the assets in general?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

All right, well, I'm going to take part of this and ask Bob to speak on the lending side, but it continues to be a strong bid across the board for our assets and for assets we think in the apartment space in general. We do think that Chinese buyers have retrenched and are a little less participatory in the market. There still are other significant foreign buyers, Canadians, Europeans and the like as well as a lot of US money still chasing the asset class. You kind of see that in development side, right? I mean you see the continued development flow as people trying to get exposure to our space and again, we think flows continue to be very strong on the equity investment side. I'm going to turn it to Bob to talk just about the debt availability part of your question.

Robert Garechana -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, so breaking that up and following on Mark's comment on the stabilized piece you continue to see very healthy supply or multifamily kind of with the GST kind of lending arrangements. So overall costs have gone up because interest rates have gone up, but that has been very healthy and no meaningful changes versus kind of prior history. On the development side really kind of echoing Mark's comments as well, we continue to see banks lending. Construction lending is -- pricing actually has come down a little bit in terms of spread but rates have gone up with LIBOR growing up. So all-in costs are (ph) may be a push to slightly higher, but banks are continuing to lend and they are lending at relatively conservative kind of advance rates, so loan to cost rates. What you are seeing in the space that is probably different than maybe what we saw a decade ago is alternative sources of debt capital in the form of private equity debt funds et cetera that are willing to be a little bit more aggressive and we see all of those kind of sources providing capital to the space.

Dennis Patrick McGill -- Zelman & Associates -- Analyst

As you look out at the development side, does that imply that development is going to last longer or prolong some of the what would otherwise be a decline in competition from new supply deeper into the cycle?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

I guess that remains to be seen, but I will say that this capital that Bob just alluded to that's in the middle that's above the bank and below the equity is very expensive, but this tends to be very pricey capital and it is going to make the pro formas even harder to pencil, but it's not like that money is coming in at the same cost as (ph) the banks. I mean it's considerably higher. It is double the cost or more. So with that in mind I think it isn't necessarily going to extend things too much just again because the money is particularly expensive on a relative basis.

Dennis Patrick McGill -- Zelman & Associates -- Analyst

I appreciate it, thank you guys.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. We'll take our next question from Drew Babin from Baird.

Alexander J. Kubicek -- Robert W. Baird & Co -- Analyst

Good morning, this is Alex Kubicek on for Drew. Hope you guys could give us some color on the recent Boston acquisitions long term NOI growth expectations relative to the 101 West End asset you sold?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Sure I can give you a little color on that. So the asset is fully occupied. There's a fair amount of competition there. So our first year number in terms of revenue growth is relatively low, it's around the 1%. Then we saw rent growth more averaging as it often does for us in the three's and then a few four's here and there with expense growth for us to 275 to three (ph). We generally underwrite these deals over a 10-year hold. That gives you some color here. We can certainly comment on West End but I would say this, I don't know what the buyers pro forma looks like. I don't know what renovations they are going to do, what things they have in mind, other potential uses they have. So from our perspective, we saw relatively muted near term rent growth, relatively high real estate tax increases in the near term, but again at some juncture when this burns off, you can reset those units to market. I mean there is certainly value that I'm sure the buyer underwrote in the deal.

Alexander J. Kubicek -- Robert W. Baird & Co -- Analyst

Thanks, that's really helpful. Additionally could you give some insight on your long-term unlevered IRR expectation from your third quarter acquisitions most notably the Denver assets. We were just curious how you anticipate Denver's long term NOI growth to trend and whether the relative residual value argument holds up compared to the coastal markets?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Yes, good question. I mean we were looking at the Denver deals as mid to high seven IRR's unlevered over 10 years which is the way we generally measure that. They did have -- we did have in our pro forma some increase to the cap rate on exit, but with the thought that even though these are high rise and mid rise construction that there would be some cap rate expansion in the end of the pro forma.

Alexander J. Kubicek -- Robert W. Baird & Co -- Analyst

That's really helpful, thanks for the time.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you, we'll take our next question from Alexander Goldfarb with Sandler O'Neill & Partners.

Alexander Goldfarb -- Sandler O'Neill -- Analyst

Oh, thank you and good morning out there and first, congratulations, David and Mark as well. Two questions for you guys. The first is just on retention. It was a question earlier in the queue, but if you guys are raising renewals at 5%, it doesn't seem like you're holding back on the renewals and yet you're still retaining more and more tenants, the retention is improving. So do you think there are other thing at work, like are people just less willing to move apartments the way they were a decade ago or have home move-outs suddenly declined or what you think is going on that's allowed you to push 5% overall in a sort of 1% to 2% market and still have keep more of your tenants than lose?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

So this is Michael. I would say it's probably a little bit of everything that you just kind of alluded to. I would say from a reason for move-out to buy home we've actually seen very little change in our portfolio. On a year-to-date basis we're actually down a little bit to 11.3% of those that move out citing that reason that was compared to 11. 8% last year. Put that all in its 200 fewer people this year-to-date moving out with that reason. I think in the third quarter, we renewed I think I alluded to it, 500 more residents than we did in the third quarter of last year with roughly the same amount of expirations and I think it's a little bit of everything. I think it's deferring life changes, I think honestly we see the relationship between high customer service and retention and we saw marked improvement in our customer service. This is something we've just done and we're seeing the efforts pay off. So I think all of those things put in the blender is contributing to this retention and to allude to the 5% part of this too remember, when your pricing these renewals, so we have a lot of our transactions occurring, we're pricing these renewals three months before and where is the rent going to be and we're issuing those renewals at that point. So I think this is demonstrating the fact that in many of our markets our rents are up 3% year-over-year and you're quoting these renewals and you're negotiating through this process and a lot has to do with where these residents prior rents were in relationship to that market as well.

Alexander Goldfarb -- Sandler O'Neill -- Analyst

Okay and then the second question is just on D.C. It's been sort of a developer's paradise the past number of years. Popular speculation is that Amazon will go to Northern Virginia. Is your view that if that happens suddenly you and other apartment landlords will benefit because suddenly there will be an increase in demand or is the fear that the developers are already waiting for this and will just ramp up on the development side and therefore any pick up in jobs is going to be more than offset by development?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

It's Mark, Alex. I'm not sure that anything happens instantaneously. I mean I don't think Amazon is going to open an office and immediately have 5,000 new employees and then get to 50,000 or whatever the number is. (inaudible) is obviously going to be more gradual. Depending where this is, there's certainly the capability the developers have to build into this, but if it is near some of our well located assets that are there already, it will certainly benefit us, no doubt.

Alexander Goldfarb -- Sandler O'Neill -- Analyst

Okay, thanks Mark.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Thanks Alex.

Operator

Thank you. We'll take our next question from Rich Anderson with Mizuho securities.

Richard Anderson -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Thanks, good morning and congrats Dave, congrats Mark, congrats Bob. Job well done on that front. Costa-Hawkins I know where you stand on it but have you guys done kind of a sensitivity such that lets say it gets repealed and every single municipality chooses rent control and vacancy control? What the impact would be on your growth profile? Would it be 100 basis points when you look at the entirety of your portfolio. Have you done that exercise just to think of a worst-case scenario?

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

It's David Neithercut here. Rich we have not done all that math because of course, that's the absolute worst case scenario and we don't know what municipalities that currently have rent control, how many might amend, we don't know what municipalities that don't have rent control might enact rent control which is in fact a right they've had since Costa-Hawkins was first put into place and even before that and you don't know what limitations they'll put on -- they go for properties built before 1995, they're going to do properties built between until 2000 or 2005 or 2010. So it's just a little bit of some game theory that I'm not quite sure is productive use of our time. We do know how much NOI or current revenue we've got in markets that currently have rent control we know how much of that might be impacted if a certain market went from 1995 to 2005 or whatever. And so we -- it's just not productive use of time to do what you suggest, but we certainly do know where we have exposure, understand how much income might be at risk if certain changes are put in place, but as I said earlier we feel like we're in a very good place with respect to defeating Prop 10. Again it is not the best thing for the state of California, it is the worst thing that they could possibly do. We got a good team in place. We're running hard, we're going to go right up till the bitter end and we feel good about our chances there.

Richard Anderson -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Okay and then second and last question. Talking a lot about social changes that brought up divorce. But one thing and forgive me but about 75% or 80% of your portfolio now has recreational use of marijuana legalized and I'm curious how you feel about that. Probably going to 100% over time. Do you have the ability to write your own laws within your communities because perhaps there could be some mismatches within your community about people who are for and against it or maybe you just let it roll and let people do their thing and perhaps they are happier and everybody's happy because of it? What are your thoughts about that issue?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

No pun intended there Rich. So this is Michael. I would say it's not that we write our own laws. I mean we have lease agreements in place. I would say almost our entire portfolio is smoke-free today. I think we have some outlier properties that we have not deployed that with. So to me the use of smoking marijuana is no different than cigarettes. Cigarettes are legal today, marijuana could be recreationally legalized in those markets and our communities we are still smoke-free communities.

Richard Anderson -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Right, but they could smoke inside their apartment and run around out in the community, right?

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Well, no. That would be kind of a lease violation. So just like cigarettes, if somebody is smoking inside their apartment, neighbors smell it, I mean that's a lease violation.

Richard Anderson -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Okay, OK, good enough. Thank you very much.

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

You're welcome.

Operator

We'll take our next question from Tayo Okusanya from Jefferies.

Omotayo Okusanya -- Jefferies -- Analyst

So congrats from my end as well David and Mark. Again, you guys have been a dynamic duo for a very long time but again with Mark now ascending to the CEO role, I'm just curious Mark, are there changes that you could kind of portend making to the EQR strategy now that you're kind of in the CEO seat?

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Well, I'm not quite in the seat. I'm very close to the seat, but I'm not (multiple speakers). Well, thank you for those comments we've never gotten the dynamic duo conversation before. Look, I've been at the Company almost 20 years, been in the CFO role for 11. The strategy I think Tayo is one that I embrace in terms of urban dense suburban product and the advantages long term of owning it. We have all evolved with time here and we certainly evolved back into Denver. So I think the strategy will naturally change over time in response to changes in conditions and in our thought process. So I wouldn't expect it to be static but I don't expect dramatic changes especially on the core investment strategy either.

Omotayo Okusanya -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Wish you luck in the seat.

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Thank you, thank you very much.

Operator

Thank you. At this time, we have no further questions. I would like to turn the floor back over to David Neithercut for closing remarks.

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

Great, thanks everyone. As we now close what I think is my 100th and final earnings call I want to thank everybody in the REIT community for your support, your confidence and probably most importantly your friendship over the last 25 years. I can tell you it's been a great pleasure and an honor to work with all of you. For those of you I'll see in San Francisco in a few weeks, I look forward to thanking you in person. For those of you I will not see, please note that I step down at the end of the year with extraordinary gratitude and with great confidence in Mark, the leadership team here at Equity and the future of Equity Residential. So thank you very much and best regards to everybody.

Operator

Thank you. Ladies and gentlemen, this concludes today's teleconference. You may now disconnect.

Duration: 67 minutes

Call participants:

Marty McKenna -- Investor Relations

David J. Neithercut -- Chief Executive Officer

Michael L. Manelis -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Mark J. Parrell -- President

Robert Garechana -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Juan Sanabria -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Nicholas Yulico -- UBS -- Analyst

Nicholas Joseph -- Citi -- Analyst

Michael Bilerman -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Stephen Thomas Sakwa -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

John Pawlowski -- Green Street Advisors -- Analyst

Richard Hill -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

John P. Kim -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Michael R. Lewis -- SunTrust -- Analyst

Dennis Patrick McGill -- Zelman & Associates -- Analyst

Alexander J. Kubicek -- Robert W. Baird & Co -- Analyst

Alexander Goldfarb -- Sandler O'Neill -- Analyst

Richard Anderson -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Omotayo Okusanya -- Jefferies -- Analyst

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