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Western Asset Mortgage Capital Corp  (NYSE:WMC)
Q4 2018 Earnings Conference Call
March 06, 2019, 11:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Welcome to the Western Asset Mortgage Capital Corporation's Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2018 Earnings Conference Call. Today's call is being recorded and will be available for replay beginning at 5 o'clock P. M. Eastern Standard Time. At this time all participants have been placed in a listen-only mode, and the floor will be open for your questions following the presentation.

Now first, I'd like to turn the call over to Mr. Larry Clark, Investor Relations. Please go ahead, Mr. Clark.

Larry Clark -- Investor Relations

Thank you, Laura. I want to thank everyone for joining us today to discuss Western Asset Mortgage Capital Corporation's financial results for the three months and full year ended December 31st, 2018. The Company issued its earnings press release yesterday afternoon, and is available on the Company's website at www.westernassetmcc.com.

In addition, the Company has included an accompanying slide presentation that you can refer to during the call. You can access these slides in the Investor Relations section of the website.

With us today from management are Jennifer Murphy, Chief Executive Officer; Lisa Meyer, Chief Financial Officer; Sean Johnson, Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer; and Dennis McNamara, Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer. Before we begin I'd like to review the safe harbor statement.

Conference call will contain statements that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All such forward-looking statements are intended to be subject to the safe harbor projection provided by the Reform Act. Actual outcomes and results could differ materially from those forecasts due to the impact of many factors beyond the control of the Company.

All forward-looking statements included in this presentation are made only as of the date of this presentation and are subject to change without notice. Certain factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements are included in the Risk Factors section of the Company's reports filed with the SEC. Copies are available on the SEC's website. We disclaim any obligation to update our forward-looking statements unless required by law.

With that, I will now turn the call over to Jennifer Murphy. Jennifer?

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Larry, welcome everyone. Western Asset Mortgage Capital's ability to draw on the power of Western Asset, our global managers to create a differentiated investment and risk management strategy continues to show in our fourth quarter and full year results. 2018 was another positive year for WMC despite a backdrop of year-end market volatility that pressured all spread sectors. WMC's portfolio generated core earnings plus drop income of $0.34 per share during the fourth quarter of 2018, an increase of 3% from the third quarter and 10% higher than the fourth quarter of 2017.

This core earnings increase was primarily driven by our continued shift toward owning credit sensitive assets, which for the first time in our Company's history make up over 50% of our total portfolio. Our solid core earnings in the fourth quarter and the full year were in excess of our dividend levels, allowing us to pay a $0.31 dividend in each quarter of 2018. In fact, we've maintained our $0.31 dividend for 11 consecutive quarters now consistent with our objective of providing an attractive dividend for our shareholders. Maintaining a relatively stable book value, is also a key objective for us.

We've developed a diversified and differentiated investment approach together with robust risk management tool to support this goal. In the fourth quarter, generally wider spreads on our investments resulted in a negative economic return on book value of 3.3% for the quarter. For the full year, we generated a positive economic return on book value of about 4.8%, which put us at the high end of the range of our mortgage REIT peers. We continue to position the portfolio with the objective of achieving relatively little sensitivity to interest rates and virtually no convexity by combining agency commercial mortgage backed securities with high quality residential and commercial loan which Sean Johnson will talk more about.

We've also reduced leverage in the quarter, which Lisa Meyer will discuss, the ability of book value continues to be an important objective for us. Overall pricing for risk assets has been more positive in the first two months of 2019 and our portfolio has benefited modestly as a result. We'll provide a specific estimate of our book value as of February 28th, when we announce our first quarter dividend later this month.

WMC is able to leverage the Western Asset Investment platform to gain access to opportunities that we simply would not have as a stand-alone mortgage REIT. The investment team acquired over $500 million in credit sensitive assets during the quarter, which they were able to source from a broad spectrum of the mortgage market and include many investments where we've developed strategic relationship with residential and commercial mortgage loan originators, originators to understand us and what we are looking for and are able to provide us with attractive opportunities that meet our disciplined criteria.

Late in the third quarter of 2018, we've raised $68 million in new equity, which we were able to fully invest in our target asset in the fourth quarter. This additional equity was accretive to the core earnings power of the portfolio and at the same time supported our long-term goal to gradually increase our scale. While we already enjoyed many benefits of the global scale of Western Asset, we do see specific benefits to increase scale for WMC, including allowing us to spread our fixed cost over a larger equity base, increasing our ability to sustain origination relationship unfavorable term, enhancing the liquidity of our shares and expanding analyst coverage for the stock, all of which we believe will help create and sustain an attractive valuation.

We maintain our primary focus on our objective of generating consistent and sustainable core earnings that support an attractive dividend, while improving the stability of the Company's book value. In a few moments, Sean will talk more about the specific actions we're taking in the portfolio to achieve these goals on behalf of our shareholders, but first, to provide more details of our financial results, I'll turn the call over to Lisa, our CFO. Lisa?

Lisa Meyer -- Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Thank you, Jennifer. We delivered another quarter of strong financial results, driven by our seventh consecutive quarter of solid core earnings. During the quarter, our core earnings plus drop income was $16.2 million or $0.34 per share. As Jennifer mentioned, our portfolio continues to generate income in excess of about $0.31 dividend. Our dividend has remained consistent now for 11 consecutive quarters and our core earnings plus drop income has exceeded the dividend by approximately 10% in the aggregate over that time period.

A key contributor to our ongoing strong performance is the continued repositioning of our portfolio into credit sensitive investments. As Sean will discuss shortly, we continue to assemble a diversified portfolio of residential loans and commercial loans complemented by agency CMBS and other securities. We were able to grow the size of our credit sensitive investments by 17% in the fourth quarter, acquiring $450 million in residential loans and $71 million in commercial loans.

In the quarter, our portfolio generated net interest income of $21.4 million inclusive of hedging cost which is an increase of 18% from the third quarter of 2018. Our annualized net interest margin in the fourth quarter increased to 2.25% from 2.06% in the third quarter of 2018. The increase was a result of higher yielding credit sensitive investments and only a modest increase in our effective cost of funds, minimize the impact of potential increases in interest rates on our $2.8 billion repurchase agreement borrowings, we continue to operate with significant interest rate protection from our interest rate swap position. As of December 31st, 2018, we held interest rate swaps with a net notional amount of $2.4 billion and a net duration gap on our agency portfolio of negative three months.

Turning to expenses, our total expenses for the fourth quarter of 2018 increased slightly to $5.9 million from $5.8 million in the third quarter of 2018. Our objective is to maintain a relatively stable book value, while generating core earnings sufficient to support our dividend. We will manage our leverage to balance these objectives. As of December 31st, our recourse leverage ratio was 5.8 times a decline from 6.7 times from the third quarter.

As of December 31st, we had 29 master repurchase agreements with outstanding borrowings under 15 of those agreements. We continue to evaluate other attractive sources of financing and subsequent to year end we secured two new one year warehouse facilities. A $150 million warehouse facility -- $150 million commercial warehouse facility and $700 million residential warehouse facility.

With that I will now turn the call over to Sean Johnson. Sean?

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Thanks, Lisa. In its simplest form, WMC is mostly a portfolio of non-QM residential loans and agency commercial mortgage backed pools. We believe that these two asset classes are quite complementary to each other. The high quality nature of our non-QM loan program with a focus on lower LTVs and higher quality borrowers, offers excellent relative value and an attractive yield profile, against this, our Agency CMBS holdings predominantly Fannie Mae pools provide a good balance to our credit sensitive assets and have a convexity profile that is cost efficient to hedge.

In addition, the highly liquid nature and abundance of financing available for these securities enables us to adjust the overall size of the portfolio fairly quickly when we believe that market conditions call for it. We also have a growing program to purchase mortgages on commercial properties in whole loan form. This takes our strategy of being involved in the commercial mortgage backed securities market one step further, allowing us to have more control over collateral, borrower profiles, loan terms and covenant.

We additionally avoid the cost of certain -- and certain inflexibilities of the securitization market and can expand our opportunity set without having to compromise our credit profile. Besides experience and resources of Western Asset as a manager further strengthens WMC, layering on skill set that includes a wide reach in the industry to source opportunities, counterparties with whom to transact and risk management that is best in class.

Turning to our performance for the year, the significant changes we made to our portfolio's holdings during 2018 particularly rotating out of Agency CMBS and the credit sensitive assets were the primary drivers of our solid performance for the fourth quarter and full year. Over the last two years, we've increased our overall exposure to credit sensitive mortgages and securities. As of December 31st, credit sensitive assets represent 55% of our total adjusted portfolio, up from 23% at the beginning of the year.

As part of this process, we have reduced our overall leverage and book value volatility, all while maintaining the earnings power of the portfolio. As Lisa mentioned, at year-end our adjusted leverage was 5.8 times, down from 7.5 times the prior year. Our focus on the credit sensitive portion of our portfolio has been to invest across several sectors of the market, but primarily in residential and Commercial Whole Loans. In 2018, we added approximately $1.3 billion of residential whole loans to the portfolio and over 200 million of commercial.

Our residential whole loans including bridge and non-QM now make up nearly 70% of our credit sensitive holdings and are meaningful contributors to our overall profitability. Our approach to the non-QM market has always been to focus on high quality borrowers with loans at lower LTVs, which is a demonstration of the borrowers desire to repay. The loans are underwritten rigorously to ensure the borrower's ability to repay. Our view of residential real estate remains favorable as the US housing market is entering a more normalized phase and home price appreciation is expected to remain modest. On the commercial credit side, we own nearly $500 million of a combination of commercial whole loans and non-Agency CMBS which includes securitizations backed by a variety of property types. These investments represent approximately 26% of our credit sensitive assets. We expect commercial real estate fundamentals given the ongoing economic expansion and our favorable outlook on the job market to remain solid.

In the fourth quarter, we acquired over $70 million of additional commercial whole loans as we saw opportunities to achieve attractive risk-adjusted returns. We continue to target short term loans that are secured by properties with solid credit fundamentals and strong covenants that protect our interests as lender. We like these loans, because we are able to get involved in the deals early, often collaborate on key aspects of the structure. This is a good example of WMC being able to leverage Western assets investment platform and having access to opportunities that we wouldn't have as a stand-alone mortgage REIT.

Another continuing focus for us is increasing the duration of our financing. After year-end as Lisa mentioned we opened two one-year warehouse facilities with a long time partner -- financing partner. One each for residential and commercial loan. These offer the security of longer-term committed financing. Our current expectations are for continued yet moderate US economic growth along with subdued inflation expectations and or more neutral Federal Reserve monetary policy. As such, we believe that our differentiated investment strategy of holding a balanced portfolio with an emphasis on credit sensitive investments and our focus on risk management positions us well to continue generating strong core earnings while preserving our book value.

With that, we'll open up the call to questions. Operator, please go ahead.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

(Operator Instructions) And our first question will come from Derek Hewett of Bank of America Merrill Lynch. I apologize, it will actually be Steve Delaney of JMP Securities. Mr. Hewett will get to you next.

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Good morning, thanks for taking the question. I wanted to ask a little bit about the whole loan strategy. Clearly, that's where you're emphasizing your new investments. When I look at that I hear your comments on book value stability, I'm curious if the different accounting for whole loans relative to MBS is part of your thinking sort of from a strategic standpoint, if you make a bet on a whole loan, you just have to be right on the credit, which you don't have the mark to market noise that you get like we saw in December. So, I mean, just curious if you see that as part of Bill focusing on whole loans while they're more difficult to finance, do you see a big plus in the lack of mark-to-market noise in those assets? Thanks.

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Thanks. It's Sean. That's not really a focus of ours.

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Okay.

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

What we're looking to do in non-QM space is to find basically and help originators originate loans that generally aren't available in securitized forms for us to own the credit tranches. So, generally and so it's really a sourcing thing, we really -- we really care about the quality of the loans, we're accounting for the value at fair value anyway, so it's not like the accounting thing, it's some kind of a trick to hide any kind of volatility. Ultimately, for our program, we're focused on lower LTV and higher quality, our ammo and the non-QM space is to focus on the higher quality end of the market. We've got originators -- just a handful of originators that are retaining servicing. We compete on price not on credit, so we generally have a lower coupon that some of our competitors and that actually help to stabilize our effective cash flows as well. So, the focus there is really on the quality of the loans and not really on any kind of accounting funds.

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Got it. So would you -- you're in game there Sean as you achieved enough scale in a certain group of assets, whether it's the resi and QMs or whether it's commercial, do you see the REIT issuing its own securitizations as a source of permanent financing on those whole loans?

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

We are focusing on all types of longer-term financing.

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Okay. Great.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

We mentioned the warehouse line, we've done that and so we will evaluate all.

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Yeah, we've mentioned in the past kind of our focus on trying to extend the options available to us for long-term financing.

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Got it. And just one final one, Jennifer, for you, if I may, could you just give us an update on your CIO search that's under way and when that might be completed. And I guess the second part of that question is, given the strategy should we expect that you would -- you may find someone that has a pretty extensive credit background as opposed to maybe just rate risk. Thank you.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks for your question, Steve. Yeah. The current -- our Interim Co-CIO structure is working really well. So we've been very happy with that. As you know Western has a strong team based approach, always.

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Sure.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

And that team made search is really benefiting us now for so through Sean and through Dennis, we're able to both focused on our investment goals for WMC as well as drawn the full -- the broad investment capabilities of Western Asset as a whole. So we're in the middle of our search. So we're in search we're considering internal and external candidates. I would expect, we to become the resolution on that with respect to WMC in the coming quarter. So I think on or before our next call, I would expect us to resolve that permanently.

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Well, Sean, certainly seems very comfortable talking about the portfolio that's for sure. So I think you are in good hands. Thanks for the comments today.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Steve.

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Thank you.

Operator

And our next question will come from Derek Hewett of Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Derek Hewett -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Good morning, everyone. As operating expense relative to equity, it looks like that improved a little bit sequentially, but it's still relatively high versus peers. So but besides scaling the portfolio. What are some of the other opportunities to improve operating efficiency going forward?

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Derek, I think, I just want to start with our -- to answer but, I think scaling, is a significant part of our ability to reduce that operating expense. I also think it's affected by some of our structure of our portfolio, which we still can't comment on. But I do think scale is a significant issue there. Lisa, do you want to...

Lisa Meyer -- Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Yeah. And in -- part of the operating costs are the servicing fees on our bridge loans -- residential bridge loan portfolio. So as that portfolio starts to roll off, because I don't think it's one of our targeted investments going forward, you will see a decline in operating costs related to those bridge loans. Does that (ph)...

Derek Hewett -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Okay. Great. Yeah, it does. And then they maybe taking a step back. I mean, the Company has made strives, repositioned the portfolio toward more credit-sensitive investments and also CMBS securities over the last, I think two to three years to provide at least a stable distribution while defending book value, which has materially improved in terms of volatility relative to peers, especially highlighted during the fourth quarter and while by valuation has improved somewhat, I think the sheers (ph) still appear to be trading at a discount to peers. So what additional steps do you think can be taken to eventually close the pure valuation gap at this point?

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Thanks, Derek. I think as I mentioned in my opening remarks, I do think that we need to continue to address our scale. I think that's part of the issue of valuation. I think when we analyze how other, our peers trade on a valuation basis, there are a number of things that seem to drive it, but certainly the scale liquidity of the shares, analyst coverage. These things all drive valuation along with the actual results of the Company. So, as you point out, I think we set up some objective 2.5 years ago when this executive team came into play, we've largely delivered on those objectives, that's an important part of improving our valuation, and now we're really focused on increasing coverage of our stock and also improving our scale over time as it makes sense. We appreciate you picking up coverage of the stock, for example. Thank you. So those are, I think what we need to do, I think as we get our permanent CIO structure in place that will be an opportunity for us to get out and talk to investors more about our strategy and how we've delivered on it.

Derek Hewett -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Okay, great. And then my last question has to do with book value, I know you guys are going to announce what book value is as of February 28th when the dividend is announced, but I guess given the recovery in -- or the improvement in the financial markets and the fact that many, if not all peers had provided some guidance in terms of what the book value improved to at least as of I think for most it was as of January 31st. I guess, directionally, should we expect kind of a similar range of outcomes for Western or other considerations given the portfolio composition relative to a lot of the other peers?

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

I think as I said in my opening remarks, our book value has improved modestly, which I think in similar to peers, so I'm not aware of anything that would reach to a different result. I think you know the composition of our portfolio, I think Sean laid it out really nicely. So I think that gives you a good idea, but I think modest improvement is what others have seen and what we have seen as well.

Derek Hewett -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Okay, great. That's all from me. Thank you.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Our next question will come from Bose George of KBW.

Bose George -- KBW -- Analyst

Hey, good morning. Actually, just wanted to start with one on the Agency RMBS, spreads there have widened obviously quite a bit. I'm just curious if there is a level at which you guys would be interested in that or did you see that is not being kind of core to what you're trying to accomplish?

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

I would say there's definitely a level where we would care. I don't think we're close to that level at this point, but I think the agency commercial mortgage backed investments that we have right now are what make them nice is there -- is the convexity profile and that's hard to replicate in the RMBS space. So it would, I'm just thinking about OES (ph) levels for the mortgage index around 35 and spreads on does (ph) in the 60s, it still feels to me like the Agency CMBS basis is averaged at a value especially hedge adjusted.

Bose George -- KBW -- Analyst

Okay.

Dennis McNamara -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

This is Dennis McNamara. I would add that agencies in an absolute sense clearly have widened, do offer attractive on their own relative to recent history, but the whole sector is widened as Sean has indicated and so on a relative value basis there remained other areas that we are emphasizing.

Bose George -- KBW -- Analyst

Okay. No that makes sense. And then actually, can you talk about the pipeline for growth in the non-QM business and also just wanted to tie that into the earlier comments about scaling up the portfolio. So to the extent that is the pipeline robust enough to grow that, meaningfully if you do have more capital to put to work?

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Yeah. I don't think we're going to have any problem finding non-QM loans to purchase. We've -- we're only dealing with a handful of originators, it's part of our core strategy to be partners with our originators and understand them and have them understand us extremely well. But that said, the program that they've been running have grown quite a bit. We did add two new originators in the last few months to help improve our geographic diversity. So I don't have any qualms about being able to invest quite a bit more in this space.

Bose George -- KBW -- Analyst

Okay, great, thanks.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

(Operator Instructions) And our next question will come from Michael (ph) of JMP Securities.

Michael -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Good morning, thanks for taking the question. Most of my questions have been answered, just a quick one, though on leverage, a big drop-off in the quarter from 6.7 to about 5.8 excluding the securitized debt, is this -- is this a level that you guys are comfortable with from sort of general ballpark going forward or is there any appetite to perhaps take it up a little bit?

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

We're definitely comfortable with the level right now. I think we'll adjust the level based on opportunity, but the level that we're at right now is certainly a comfortable one for our asset mix at this point.

Michael -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

All right. Thank you very much. That's it for me.

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Okay, thank you.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Michael.

Operator

And this concludes our question-and-answer session. I would like to turn the conference back over to Jennifer Murphy for any closing remarks.

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Laura. And thank you all again for joining us today. Have a great day.

Operator

The conference is now concluded. Thank you for attending today's presentation. You may now disconnect.

Duration: 30 minutes

Call participants:

Larry Clark -- Investor Relations

Jennifer Williams Murphy -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Lisa Meyer -- Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Sean Johnson -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Steve Delaney -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

Derek Hewett -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Bose George -- KBW -- Analyst

Dennis McNamara -- Interim Co-Chief Investment Officer

Michael -- JMP Securities -- Analyst

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