CVS Health Corp (CVS) Q1 2019 Earnings Call Transcript

CVS earnings call for the period ending March 31, 2019.

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CVS Health Corp  (NYSE:CVS)
Q1 2019 Earnings Call
May. 01, 2019, 8:30 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good morning. My name is Melissa and I will be your conference operator today. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to the CVS Health Q1 2019 Earnings Call. (Operator Instructions).

Thank you. Joe Petroski, Vice President Investor Relations you may begin your conference.

Joe Petroski -- Vice President Investor Relations

Good morning everyone and thank you for standing by. Welcome to the conference call to discuss CVS Health's First Quarter 2019 results and outlook for the remainder of the year. As a reminder, this call is being recorded on Wednesday May 1, 2019.

I'm Joe Petroski, Vice President of Investor Relations for CVS Health. I am joined this morning by Larry Merlo, President and CEO; and Eva Boratto, Executive Vice President and CFO. Following our prepared remarks, we'll host a question-and-answer session. Jon Roberts COO; Karen Lynch President of Aetna; Derica Rice President of Caremark; and Kevin Hourican President of CVS Pharmacy will also be joining us for the question-and-answer session.

[Operator Instructions] In addition to this call and our press release, we will have posted slide presentation on our website that summarizes the information in our prepared remarks as well as some additional facts and figures regarding our operating performance and guidance.

Our Form 10-Q will be filed later today and that too will be available on our website once filed. Please note during this call we will make certain forward-looking statements that reflect our current views related to our future financial performance, future events and industry and market conditions and forward-looking statements related to the integration of the Aetna acquisition including the expected consumer benefits, financial projections and synergies. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from what may be indicated in the forward-looking statements.

We strongly encourage you to review the information in the reports we file with the SEC regarding these specific risks and uncertainties, in particular those that are described in the Risk Factors section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Cautionary Statement disclosures in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. You should also review the section entitled Forward-Looking Statements in this morning's earnings press release. During this call. we will use non-GAAP financial measures when talking about our Company's performance and financial condition.

In accordance with SEC Regulations, you can find a discussion of these non-GAAP measures and the comparable GAAP measures in this morning's earnings press release and the reconciliation document posted on the Investor Relations portion of our website. And as always today's call is being broadcast on our website where it will be archived for one year following today's call.

Now I'll turn the call over to Larry Merlo. Larry?

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Well, thanks Joe. Good morning everyone and thanks for joining us. Today I'm pleased to report that we are off to a strong start to the year as evidenced by our first quarter adjusted earnings per share of $1.62 which exceeds our initial expectations. The strong performance was driven by all businesses achieving or exceeding what was contemplated at the high end of our guidance ranges with the Health Care Benefits segment leading the favorability.

Now earlier this year, we provided 2019 adjusted earnings per share guidance of $6.68 to $6.88 and as a result of our Q1 performance we are raising our full year adjusted EPS guidance to $6.75 to $6.90. This reflects the positive momentum in the business while acknowledging it's early in the year. We remain singularly focused on driving both near and longer-term value for our shareholders and our first full quarter as a combined entity with Aetna was a success on many fronts.

We executed smooth January one implementations in both the Pharmacy Services and Health Care Benefits segments posted significant Medicare Advantage membership growth, continue to grow share in our retail pharmacy and we realigned some of our operations to drive greater value. In addition to highlighting these operational achievements, I'll provide updates on important operational initiatives that we called out during our fourth quarter call, progress on our integration and transformation initiatives, the 2020 PBM selling season and potential policy changes impacting the Medicare Part D program. So let me start with the notable progress we made on actions to mitigate the near-term headwinds impacting our business.

First our retail sales momentum remains strong supported by continued focus on our clinical care programs and network relationships. Adjusted prescription volume for the Retail/Long-Term Care segment increased a healthy 5.5% for the quarter. Additionally, our long-term care business is on track to achieve our targeted margin improvements given our cost-management efforts and we continue to work diligently in driving growth for the assisted living space.

In the PBM, our new guaranteed net cost pricing model continues to garner interest from clients and benefit consultants and will have a small number of clients adopting it this year and we expect higher adoption in 2020 and beyond. We also embarked on a new effort to reduce costs across our enterprise through improvements in productivity and driving efficiencies across our operations and Eva will provide details on that initiative shortly.

Moving to our integration of the Aetna business. We are very pleased with a progress we have made. Currently we are tracking to the higher end of the $300 million to $350 million synergy goal for 2019 and we are on our way to exceed our initial target of $750 million in 2020. And while the synergies are important, the CVS Aetna combination is about bringing to market new approaches to healthcare delivery and management. In our Houston HealthHUB stores, we are demonstrating our ability to bring more healthcare services into communities meeting people where they are. We are using our data and analytics capabilities to offer people the next best action to achieve their best health and in doing so driving down healthcare costs.

Our vision is for these consumer experiences to be seamlessly connected across digital and clinical interactions resulting in elements of health becoming part of one's regular routine. The benefits of lower healthcare costs will have positive financial impacts throughout our enterprise. These new store formats illustrate how CVS Health is evolving and differentiating to address the changing healthcare landscape. And while it is clearly, we are very encouraged by the initial results in our Houston stores. The various product and service offerings are performing at or above our expectations. And given these results we will expand the HealthHUB model to fill up the Houston market and we'll provide further details on our roll-out strategy next month but this is the first of many innovations we'll share with you at our Investor Day.

Moving to the 2020 PBM selling season. our retention rate currently stands in the mid-90% exceeding the impact of Centene. The '20 selling season has been somewhat unusual with no single factor contributing to lower-than-expected retention. And importantly, our service levels and performance metrics remain at historically high levels and we expect to return to historical retention levels in future periods.

Now, finally let me discuss the role of rebates in Medicare Part D and how our part D plans are preparing for the 2020 bid. And I want to begin by acknowledging the clarifying guidance that CMS issued for plan sponsors that bid should reflect current law and not the newly proposed rebate rule. That guidance also stated that there are a number of issues that need to be addressed before the rule can be finalized. And should the rebate will be implemented the CMS demonstration project provides planned protection for much of the risk in applying rebates at the point of sale.

Additionally, this demonstration project will allow the administration to evaluate in real-time, the potential impact to Part D members' premiums and to the actual costs that will be incurred by CMS. This is both a prudent step and an important analysis before such a significant change to the Part D program is made permanent. The demonstration project will allow the administration and the private sector to learn together and make adjustments for the Part D program over a more reasonable period of time and we plan to participate in the demonstration project aided by the learnings from our Allure PDP products.

Now more broadly the renewed focus nationally on what the next phase of access to affordable quality healthcare will be, has generated significant attention in recent weeks. This is an important discussion and we will continue to be an active participant. That said regardless of what shape and form the next stage of healthcare takes, we remain confident that the private sector will play an essential role in both shaping and executing that next stage. And importantly we remain best positioned to create and capture new opportunities in this ever-evolving landscape through our local assets, our end-to-end healthcare offerings and our ability to drive engagement positively impacting consumer health.

So, let me turn the call over to Eva to walk through the key items for the quarter and an update of our full year outlook.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks Larry and good morning everyone. Consistent with prior quarters, you can find a slide presentation posted to our website this morning that provides the details of our first quarter results and the financial statements changes we discussed back in February. First quarter results are reported on a comparable basis and the reconciliations to GAAP measures can be found in the press release and on the Investor Relations portion of our website. For non-GAAP, keep in mind that we are now excluding amortization of intangibles from our operating income numbers.

I want to reiterate what Larry said, we exceeded the projections we laid out for this quarter and we're pleased with our 2019 results thus far. Our adjusted EPS was above the high end of our guidance range at $1.62 with all segments performing at or above our expectations and Health Care Benefits leading the way. Consolidated revenue grew 34.9% in Q1 2019 above the top end of our guidance range. This year-over-year increase was largely driven by a full quarter of managed care operation included this year versus last. Health Care Benefits which includes our SilverScript Medicare Part D business contributed $17.9 billion of revenue for the quarter. Adjusted consolidated operating income grew nearly 57% primarily due to the addition of the Aetna business. The Health Care Benefits segment contributed $1.6 billion to adjusted operating income.

In the PBM revenue increased 3.1% with adjusted claims of 2.8% versus Q1 of 2018 driven by net new business and the continued adoption of Maintenance Choice. PBM adjusted operating income decreased 4.2% as operating margins contracted 20 basis points due to continued price compression and the Aetna investments. Additionally, outstanding rebate guarantees as well as drug price inflation remained consistent with our original expectations.

We released our 2018 PBM cost drug trend report last month. The trends are a validation of the crucial role that we play in the healthcare system and the value that we provide to our clients and their members in keeping prescription drug costs affordable. Caremark was again successful in delivering on this goal through the use of our formulary and cost management tools. Last year unit costs for non-specialty medications decreased 4.2% for commercial clients while we also helped unit costs on specialty products to an increase of just 1.7% despite even higher list price increases.

Unit cost growth overall was only 1.2% with a total cost trend rising 3.3% due to increased utilization including improvements and adherence. And importantly we were able to drive down the average out-of-pocket costs for plan members for the sixth year in a row helping patients stay adherent and improving overall health.

In Q1 the Retail/Long-Term Care segment performed better than expected. We delivered strong adjusted script growth with adjusted same-store script growth of 6. 7% despite the weaker flu season. This was driven by the continued adoption of our Patient Care Program, collaborations with PBM and preferred status in a number of Medicare Part D networks.

Our market share in Q1 stands at 26.2%. Additionally, front store comps increased 0.4% despite the shift of the Easter holiday to later in April which was approximately an 80 basis point headwind. As expected first quarter Retail/Long-Term Care adjusted operating income declined 18. 9%. The year-over-year decline was driven by factors that we've previously discussed including: continued reimbursement pressure with fewer offsets; higher expenses reflecting the wrap of last year's investments using savings from tax reform; and year-over-year performance of our Long-Term Care business. Additionally we incurred higher legal costs in the quarter.

As we have discussed before we are continuously looking for ways to optimize our asset portfolio. In doing so we made the decision to close 46 under-performing retail pharmacy locations. We reported $135 million charge in the Retail/Long-Term Care segment in Q1 related to the store closures primarily representing the operating lease right-of-use asset impairment charges. Consistent with our non-GAAP definition this charge is excluded from our non-GAAP metrics. And finally Health Care Benefits started off the year strong with revenue and adjusted operating profit ahead of our expectations. Underlying these results we grew to serve over 700,000 additional Medicare members in the quarter driven by strong Medicare Advantage and commercial ASC membership growth and the initiation of new Medicaid contracts in Kansas and Florida.

Our total health MBR was 84% in the quarter a good start to the year. The MBR reflects moderate medical cost trends and favorable prior year reserve development across all of our core products. As a reminder, given the timing of the close of the Aetna merger the year-over-year results are not comparable for our Health Care Benefits segment. Our days claims payable was 45 days for Q1 which is lower than historical Aetna results. This difference was driven by the inclusion of SilverScript's operation which lowered the metric by about five days given faster claims submission times. Going below the adjusted operating income line, our interest expense and weighted average shares were in line with expectations with a slightly lower income tax provision.

We generated strong cash from operations this quarter of $1.9 billion. We repaid nearly $900 million of long-term debt in the quarter which includes $375 million of long-term notes that matured and $500 million of the term loan outstanding using available cash to reduce long-term debt and interest expense. In the quarter we also delivered more than $600 million to shareholders through dividends. It's important to note that our commercial paper balance was temporarily elevated at the end of the first quarter given timing of customer receipts. That balance was fully paid off on April 1st and since quarter end we have maintained an average commercial paper balance of less than $200 million. Taking all of this into account since the close of the transaction we have repaid approximately $4 billion of debt.

Turning to our 2019 guidance, as Larry said we are raising the guidance range to account for favorable performance during the first quarter. This brings our full year adjusted EPS range to $6.75 to $6.90. We now expect consolidated full year 2019 revenue in the range of $251.2 billion to $254.4 billion and adjusted operating income between $15 billion and $15.2 billion.

For the segments we expect full year 2019 adjusted operating income in the Pharmacy Services segment to be in the range of $4.86 billion to $4.92 billion the Retail/Long-Term Care segment in the range of $6.63 billion to $6. 71 billion and the Health Care Benefits segment in the range of $5.18 billion to $5.24 billion.

Our outlook for each of the segments was updated given the out-performance in the first quarter. The factors affecting the year have not materially changed from what I discussed back in February which are summarized in the slides we posted on our website this morning. Recall that both the deal synergies and the incremental investments are expected to disproportionately affect the Health Care Benefits segment.

As Larry said we are tracking to the higher end of the synergy range for this year and are on track to exceed our target of $750 million in 2020. These synergies will stem from the elimination of duplicative corporate and operational functions purchasing efficiencies and some medical cost savings including formulary alignment. As we discussed on our February call, we are also making investments to achieve our longer-term goals. These investments center on digital enhancements and the development of new programs to accelerate growth. We continue to expect incremental investment spending to be between $325 million and $350 million in 2019. In addition, we also continue to expect integration costs of approximately $550 million which are excluded from our non-GAAP guidance metrics.

Our cash flows are expected to remain strong this year delivering between $9.8 billion and $10.3 billion of cash flow from operations of which we expect $4.2 billion to $4.6 billion to be available for debt repayment this year. In addition to paying down our 2019 maturity, we plan to pay down the rest of our term loan by year-end. The cash from operations will be reduced by net capital expenditures of approximately $2.3 billion to $2.6 billion and shareholder dividends of approximately $2.6 billion. After increased retained capital needs for our insurance subsidiaries commensurate with our strong year-to-date membership growth in the Health Care Benefits segment particularly in the government space.

As I stated, we expect to have $4.2 billion to $4.6 billion available for debt paydown in 2019. We are laser-focused on improving the cash generated by our business. And as we have discussed previously we are working on a number of initiatives to further improve our cash generation which would yield upside to our current projections.

Turning to operating efficiencies. Both CVS and Aetna have had a strong history of executing successful cost reduction and productivity initiatives. And through our integration we are seeing the opportunity to make productivity gain across the enterprise. We have consolidated various programs across the enterprise into one enterprise modernization initiative. We expect the savings and productivity gains this initiative generates to help offset the competitive dynamics we are experiencing drive the creation of more affordable products for our customers and provide capacity that will help us achieve our financial targets as we continue investing in our strategic and transformational initiative. We are confident that this initiative will help drive longer-term growth in the combined business beyond 2019. We expect this initiative to generate run rate saving of $1.5 billion to $2 billion in 2022 and this is over and above ideal synergy targets.

Finally, I want to touch on expectations for earnings progression for the rest of the year. Year-over-year growth of consolidated adjusted operating income will be highest through the first three quarters as we wrap the addition of Aetna. We expect to see adjusted operating income growth in our Retail/Long-Term Care and PBM segments improving as we move throughout the year. Adjusted operating income within Health Care Benefits is expected to be greatest in Q1 and lowest in Q4. For Q2 we expect adjusted earnings per share to be in the range of $1.68 to $1.72.

With that I'll turn the call back to Larry.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Thanks Eva. We are pleased with the progress and momentum we demonstrated in the quarter as we position ourselves to win in this evolving healthcare landscape. The breadth of our assets, capabilities and experience meaningfully differentiate us from others in the market and provide us unique opportunities to create a company that generates superior value for shareholders and all the constituencies we serve. Next month we plan on sharing our long-term targets including more specific details on the innovative products and services we plan to bring to market to achieve those goals as well as our earnings cash flows and debt targets and we look forward to seeing many of you in New York City on June 4th.

So with that let's go ahead and open it up for your questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Lisa Gill from JPMorgan. Your line is open.

Lisa Gill -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Thanks very much and congratulations on the first combined quarter. Larry, let me start with the selling season, I know you said that there wasn't anything specific to the losses that you've seen thus far for 2020 but if I look at at least what the (inaudible) about it looks like they're primarily coming on the health plan side. Do you think that now that you own Aetna that's playing anything into those decisions around health plans doing business with CVS? That's my first question. And then secondly as we think about that health plan business as it relates to your retail business, can you just talk about utilization as far as script growth? Are you seeing a lot of those scripts coming through CVS? Or will we see a combined loss of both of those going into 2020?

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Yes. Lisa good morning and I'll take the first part of the question. Lisa, what's interesting is we've just had our Caremark plan formed a few weeks back, several parts were there. We spent time with a broad audience as well as our advisory groups which we have that for each discipline within Caremark. And I would describe the health plans as having an ongoing tremendous amount of interest in terms of what it is that we're doing around transformation and interest in terms of how that can create value for them. So I did not get any sense whatsoever that this notion of channel conflict is entering into the selling season entering it as a concern and actually quite the opposite wanting to understand where we're at with the transformation and when and how they can benefit from those innovative products and services.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

And Lisa this is Eva. On your second part of your question, I would say as you know our retail business has worked very strong over the last couple of years to improve our relationships with other payers and have constructive network offerings. So we'll continue to work on and develop those relationships and I don't see anything meaning where we step back there.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Ross Muken from Evercore.

Ross Muken -- Evercore -- Analyst

Good morning guys and congrats. I guess maybe on the retail side, I mean It seems like that HealthHUBs and I recently saw one myself down in Houston are pretty impressive new institutions, I'm trying to get a sense and I don't want to steal too much from the Analyst Day but just in terms of the progress you've made there, the feedback, the sort of loop of figuring out what models work what don't, the sort of traffic upticks, so I guess when maybe less so on sort of anything numerical but when do you think you'll be able to give us sort of updates on roll-out sell-through to sort of the Aetna member base, other creative sort of solutions you can come up with if any on the Medicaid side, so just to have a better sense of how that sort of plan is going to evolve and then how you're able to sort of incorporate that with some of the other omnichannel things you're doing as well as some of the front-end refresh overall?

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Ross it's Larry. Great question and I'll take the first part and then I'll ask Kevin to comment perhaps to your point about it's difficult to talk quantitatively at this point because we still have a limited amount of time but I'll ask Kevin to talk qualitatively in terms of what we're seeing, what we're hearing from those that we're serving. Ross, I would describe where we're at today as we got more things right in our concept of what a HealthHUB is then things that we missed. And there's some things that we're tweaking. But as you heard in our prepared remarks we're ready to complete the Houston market in the coming weeks and to your other question we will have a more detailed view of the roll-out strategy beyond Houston as it relates to this year as well as 2020. So bottom-line as you heard in our remarks we are excited about the opportunity.

Kevin Hourican -- Executive Vice President

Yes. Thanks Larry. It's Kevin. I appreciate the question. We try creating a compelling a place to shop a reason for the consumer who wants to want to come into the store. That HealthHUB format is achieving that objective. The consumer reaction has been quite strong. We've added thousands of net new items to the front store in the self-care and wellness arena expanded MinuteClinic services. We've expanded the pharmacists', interactions with patients in great of need. And last but not the least we're really intrigued by the addition of a new position in our store called the Care Concierge which is the glue that's kind of pulling together this ecosystems that can help answer consumers questions about any and all healthcare needs that they have including Health Care Benefits in partnership with the Aetna and other health plans in the future. And as Larry said at our Analyst Day we'll talk in more detail about the expansion plans. We're working aggressively on that as we speak and we can share those details on June 4th.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Ross maybe just wrapping up this topic, one of the things that we are learning that I know is of interest is out of the gate we talk about our hub-and-spoke concept. So if you look at what does it take to complete the Houston market, we needed about another 20 stores which would represent about 15% of the stores in that metroplex if you will. So we are learning how to build up this hub-and-spoke concept acknowledging that there are things that we're learning in these stores that we will apply broadly to the stores that aren't hubs in the market. And again as Kevin mentioned we'll talk more about that at on June 4th. But again the things that we are measuring the metrics that we're using internally, we're very pleased. They are all meeting the objective or ahead of our target.

Kevin Hourican -- Executive Vice President

And just last comment. This is Kevin again. You asked about omnichannel. We have recently announced that we expanded home delivery same day to over 6,000 stores in partnership with Shipped and we're pleased to see the consumer adoption to even more convenient home deliver.

Ross Muken -- Evercore -- Analyst

And I guess maybe on the benefits business, I mean it seems like you've done obviously quite well coming into this year on membership, you had momentum there. As you think about other types of places to integrate the asset base and maybe deeply tie in also about what you're doing in Caremark, I guess is there anything anecdotal as you've integrated and as you've sort of game-planned again maybe at a very high level and you'll share more detail at the Analyst Day but things where like we wouldn't have thought we can do that or an area of focus where you think you can really sort of move the needle as you start to laser in on maybe some of these bigger cost opportunities that exist within that sort of cost base?

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Well Ross two points on that question. Kevin mentioned the Care Concierge and we're gaining a tremendous amount of learnings in terms of what exactly our customers are looking for based on the interactions this position is having with them. It covers a wide range of topics. I think the second thing is there is certainly a lot more that we can do around specialty based on some of the things that we're seeing and learning. And the third thing Ross that I would mention is that we've got--you've seen one of the concept stores but as you think about the various segments that we serve we could see a HealthHUB that is modified from what you may have seen in Texas that would play to that segment of beneficiaries but recognizing that they have different needs than what we may see more broadly in a market. So those are some things that we're working on as well.

Ross Muken -- Evercore -- Analyst

Thanks Larry. I appreciate the commentary.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Thanks Ross.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Anagha Gupte from SVB Leerink.

Anagha Gupte -- SVB Leerink -- Analyst

Thanks, good morning. Glad that you had a great quarter. I wonder if you could give some color on what the potential would be for growth in 2020 and obviously I'm not looking for guidance or anything but if you take a look at your synergy guidance which you're saying confidently is above $750 million and it sounds like there's some enterprise savings building on top of that now. The Anthem story should become positive offsetting some of the standard G&A pressures and even though you have Centene maybe they kind of cancel out maybe net positive. The PBM brand inflation guarantee sound like that is tapering off and the Omnicare headwind should get better. So when I look at the headwinds offsetting that that could be retail margin pressure PBM margin pressure but on balance where do you see I mean do you think around this close to $7 EPS handle now in 2019 you can go into '20?

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Yes. Ana it's Larry and we appreciate the question. As you are just taking off there are certainly a lot of moving parts as it relates to 2020. As you heard in our prepared remarks the point of today's discussion in light of Investor Day that is a month away is really to zero in on our Q1 results our outlook for 2019. We understand and appreciate the questions that are out there beyond '19 and I can assure you that next month we'll share our near or long-term targets including the details on how we achieved those targets on June 4th.

Anagha Gupte -- SVB Leerink -- Analyst

Okay. Then maybe just if I can ask in the quarter and follow up on the margins in retail, I mean you've come now in line, you've exceeded your original guidance at least on the revenue and then on the PBM margins. How do you see that shaping up for the industry as a whole and to the selling season for the PBM? And retail with your ability to steer Aetna into your CVS network, does that give you an edge that can offset some of the secular pressures?

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Hi Ana this is Eva. I'll try to break apart your questions there. Overall, for both of the legacy businesses retail and PBM, our margins and our performance came in at or better than expected. And some of the headwinds that we outlined whether it was inflation the rebate guarantees, some of the challenges with long-term care we performed certainly within our expectation. As we said longer term as we think about the store right moving toward providing more services and greater opportunities higher value, we see those as the opportunities to improve our margins and our performance in that business.

Anagha Gupte -- SVB Leerink -- Analyst

Great. Thanks for the question and congrats on the quarter.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks Ana.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Ricky Goldwasser from Morgan Stanley. Your line is open.

Ricky Goldwasser -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Hi. Good morning and congrats for a good start to the year. My question is around the cost savings that you identified $1.5 billion to $2 billion, should we think about these as net cost savings or gross? And how should we think about the cadence to 2022? And are most of these savings coming from the retail segment? Or are they more broadly achievable throughout the enterprise?

Jonathan Roberts -- Chief Operating Officer & Executive Vice President

So Ricky this is Jon. This modernization effort that we're talking about is--it's a transformative programs that's comprised of initiatives including the work already under way for integration. The business unit productivity programs that we traditionally work and then initiatives that are enterprisewide as our companies have come together. And we are calling that long-term value or LTV initiatives. And there's four core pillars of this program and I'll just give you a couple of examples. First is we want to assure simplicity and at the same time deliver substantial cost benefits and we want to do that while improving our consumer experiences. So within that broader effort, these enterprise initiatives take advantage of the combined Company's unique capabilities and assets while helping us accelerate our savings goals. So some examples of these opportunities include call centers, digitalization of shared services, demand management and rationalization of our IT infrastructure. So this is a multiyear effort. These are net savings numbers. And we'll talk more specifically about this at our Analyst Day on June 4th.

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your next question comes from the line of Ralph Giacobbe from Citigroup. Your line is open.

Ralph Giacobbe -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Thanks for the questions. You called out favorable prior year and specifically 4Q and then provide your recoveries. I was just wondering what the provider recoveries relate to the size of those and over what period of time? Thanks.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Hi Ralph this is Eva. In terms of the prior period development consistent with Aetna legacy practices there was no prior period development included in our guidance. Overall we experienced favorable development across all of the core businesses as I said in the prepared remarks. And from a magnitude perspective you can think about it as consistent year-on-year with development last year. Was there another question Ralph? In terms of--I think your question also maybe around the settlement with HCA that was taken into account in some of our initial accounting with the acquisition and is not reflected in our results.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Ann Hynes from Mizuho Securities. Your line is open.

Ann Hynes -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Hi. Good morning. So since last earnings, I think the question I get most from investors is on the retail operating profit. Walgreens reported and obviously since you reported and they had similar results. And a lot of investors asked me if this is the new norm. So can you just talk about what you think can happen in the market or what headwinds will ease over the next couple of years to stabilize the operating profit trajectory of this business? Thanks.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Ann it's Eva I will start and Kevin will jump in in terms of longer term. As you look at our Q1 results the headwinds are very consistent with what we described as we provided our guidance Over half of the contraction was attributable to the tax reform investment, our long-term care as well as the incremental tax expense that we cited in this quarter. As you think about the tax reform investments those subside, those are completed in the run rate as we get to the back part of the year. We do expect Omnicare performance to improve as we go forward and we do expect generics to improve next year in the near term although there won't be a tailwind as you think about longer term. And we continue to see opportunities to drive services in our stores and increase products as an opportunity to mitigate the traditional headwinds.

Kevin Hourican -- Executive Vice President

Eva, thank you. This is Kevin. I'll just build on that and on a longer term we will talk about this more on June 4th but if you think about the opportunities to improve profitability in the upcoming years, think about it in a 5-part plan. First is drive industry-leading comp store script growth through our clinical adherence programs and increased medication adherence and script drug. Second is cost of goods sold improvement through (inaudible) sourcing. Third is to improve retail productivity through automation and process improvement. Fourth as we talked about briefly on the last call a new contracting approach that aligns our incentives to reimbursement to lower overall Medicare costs and sharing those savings. And lastly we're seeing optimistic things in our comp store business through health and beauty sales and profit growth that are drawing more customers into our store.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

And I'll just wrap up with one more thing. Obviously the costs the enterprise modernization initiative that Jon spoke to will benefit all aspects of our business.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Justin Lake from Wolfe Research. Your line is open.

Justin Lake -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Thanks and good morning. First, just last quarter you gave us some color on rebate guarantees, I wanted to come back to that just in terms of I think there was a little confusion around whether are the rebate guarantees actually get better year-over-year? I know eventually they'll unwind and you'll renegotiate these contracts with less guarantees in them. But does it get better next year? I mean positive year-over-year? Or is it just less negative year-over-year?

Derica Rice -- Executive Vice President & President-CVS Caremark

Hi Justin this is Derica. What we stated was that the rebate exposure would peak in 2019 and then that exposure will begin to dissipate over the ensuing year. So we expect that exposure to get less in 2020 and 2021. And so far this year it's pretty much well within our expectations that we laid out within our guidance.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Steven Valiquette from Barclays.

Steven Valiquette -- Barclays -- Analyst

Thanks and good morning Larry and Eva. So maybe somewhat similar to a couple of the other questions. For the PBM business, just given all the discussion around rebate minimum guarantees, cost guarantees et cetera, I was kind of curious at the high level just around the Anthem customer contract, without giving any numbers just qualitatively only the CVS already have strong visibility internally and with the profit contribution is likely to be from this contract in 2020, conversely just giving all the discretionary guarantees baked into many contracts now could there still be high volatility either up or down for CVS's profits from this large contract in 2020? Thanks.

Derica Rice -- Executive Vice President & President-CVS Caremark

Hi. This is Derica again. It's a great question. We appreciate it. When we provided our color commentary regarding rebate guarantees in our exposure that included Anthem as well. So when I talked about it our exposure peaking in 2019 and then subsiding and ensuing years that factored in our Anthem contract as well. The other thing Steve to keep in mind and I think you heard this on Anthem's call last week that the vast majority of that conversion takes place in the second half of this year to include the Medicare business converting on 1/1/20.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

And Steve the only additional piece I'll add on that as you think about when we on-board large health plans the margins tend to be thinner, earlier in the contract period as we execute on our programs and initiatives to drive improvements in the overall margins and profitability.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Robert Jones from Goldman Sachs. Your line is open.

Robert Jones -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Great. Thanks for the questions. I guess I just have two quick ones. One on the PBM side. Of the $47 billion I think you guys highlighted that was up for renewal this year, how much is left is still be renewed? And then just on the Aetna side of the business, I'm curious if you would just share how the performance would have compared to internal expectations if not for the prior period development in the quarter? Thanks.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Bob it's Larry. I'll take the first part. And Bob we have said we have $47 billion up for renewal. We're just over halfway through the renewal season. It's pretty consistent with where we would have been at this point in time with prior years.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

And in terms of Aetna overall underlying the business performed well including the prior period development, it's early in the year we recall we on-board a lot of new memberships so we're monitoring that claim activity very very closely but I would say in all fronts we're pleased with Aetna's performance.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Glen Santangelo of Guggenheim Securities. Your line is open.

Glen Santangelo -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

Larry, I just want to shift gears a little bit and go back to the Retail/Long-Term Care segment. Your scripts in that segment were up 5.5% which was little bit stronger than expected particularly given we had weaker-than-expected flu season. So I'm kind of curious if you could dive into that a little bit more and give us a sense for maybe what drove that trend. I'm guessing it's kind of too early that it's related to the benefits from the acquisition but anything you can give us on the sustainability of that trend and what drove that would be helpful.

Kevin Hourican -- Executive Vice President

This is Kevin. I appreciate the question. Think about our scripts coming from three components, one is network relationships, the third-party payer contracts which are contributing to growth. The second is organic growth through our clinical adherence programs. So by keeping the patients adherence to their medication therapy, it helps them on their path to better health and it drives our business. We're doing very well on these clinical programs and we see sustainability of that growth. And the third piece will be new services. We have introduced some compelling new unique services like our Saving Patients Money program, multi-dose packaging and home delivery as I spoke to earlier. And we're seeing some nice growth in those newer services that we brought to the market. I was just going to say Glen we see those in terms of being foundational and not episodic in nature.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Charles Rhyee from Cowen. Your line is open.

Charles Rhyee -- Cowen -- Analyst

Thanks for taking the question. Just staying with the retail segment for a second here, one of your competitors on their call, a couple of weeks ago kind of cited generic deflation or the moderating effect of generic deflation as a factor in some of their results. I haven't really heard you guys talk about that. Can you talk about sort of the--what you're seeing in terms of moderating generic deflation because it looks like that trend has been continue to moderate through March? And how are you kind of thinking about the environment here as we move forward for that? And I guess related to that is that already baked into your guidance when you talked about sort of if you look at the 10% down with half of it being from partly from generics. My assumption, my thoughts had been that you were really referring more to the prevalence of the break of generics and not necessarily generic deflation. If you could just put out some color on that that will be great. Thanks.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Charles this is Eva. In terms of what we're seeing as it pertains to generics it is all included in our guidance. And as we outlined back in February what we're seeing is overall fewer opportunities with break open generics this year. It is a lighter year relative to the prior years than what we've seen and we see it improving in 2020.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

And then Charles the only thing I would add is you've heard a lot of talk about improvements in the FDA process that allows suppliers to more rapidly get to the market that gives us more flexibility. And so we are seeing less opportunity in 2019 as Eva said but we think Red Oak continues to deliver significant value for us and we expect that to be even better as we move forward.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of A.J. Rice from Credit Suisse. Your line is open.

A.J. Rice -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Thanks for the question. Obviously the last few years one of the bright spots for Aetna was the growth in MA. And as it's come on board with you guys Medicare Advantage enrollments accelerated, I wonder if you could just parse out a little bit of how you're seeing that growth this year? Is that expanded geographies which is part of the story the last few years? Or is it market share gains? And I know the rule of thumb on Medicare Advantage in the first year those members typically come on and sort of a breakeven level. Is that what you're assuming? Or is there any reason to think you guys might be able to bring them on more profitably or not?

Karen Lynch -- Executive Vice President & President-Aetna Business Unit

Hi A.J it's Karen. I would characterize our Medicare Advantage growth coming from a number of places. One yes our services area expansion has generated a fair amount of growth for us but I would also say that we are continuing to grow in our existing footprint and that same-store growth has generated good Medicare Advantage growth for us. I would also tell you our continued excellence in STAR is helping the performance of this product. And we've also been strengthening our clinical management activities which I think has been resonating in the marketplace. I would also look to the product and products flexibility in our 0 premium plan which has allowed us to grow this year as well. And then we have been very strongly managing our distribution channel. And I would say it's the combination of all those factors that are really driving it. Relative to the margin what I would say is we are tracking in line with our expectations. We typically expect to see lower margins on first year business but there's nothing in our metrics that give us any pause for any deterioration. And I would just say that we're in line with what we expected on margins.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Eric Percher from Nephron. Your line is open.

Eric Percher -- Nephron -- Analyst

Eric Percher and Josh Raskin from Nephron. Larry, you seem more constructive on the Safe Harbor proposal after the CMS guidance and the demo announcement. Obviously, there's a lot of potential unintended consequences. As we look at your comments there was a comment toward the end around disallowing of pharmacy purchase discounts which would appear to impact you as a buyer and dispensing pharmacy. So I wanted to ask is that material in your view? And what action do you take to try to offset that if it occurs?

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Well, Eric let me make sure I'm following your question. Because as we have talked about rebates we have always provided and follow a number as it relates to rebates and so we don't see any issues there or misalignments. If I'm following your question what we have talked about is we see rebates as a form of discounting and we can get into a lot of discussion around how that has brought the net price of pharmaceuticals down for the clients and members that we serve. And if you look at rebates as discounts what we emphasize is through the private sector there has been a lot of good things happen in that regard. And rebates can take some other form but we must make sure that the private sector competition that results from that that drives down price that the ability to--for that to continue in the form of some type of discounts doesn't go away.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Kevin Caliendo from UBS. Your line is open.

Kevin Caliendo -- UBS -- Analyst

Hi. Good morning. One quick question on the prior year development. I just I know it wasn't contemplated in the original guidance but in the updated guidance is there any incremental prior year development built into those numbers? That was the first one. And then the second one, on the PBM side historically when we've seen companies with low retention a lot of times they've been able to offset some of the losses by dipping down into the mid-market and maybe taking some share there. Is there a similar strategy or something you can do to offset the headwinds for 2020 on the PBM side strategically?

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

So I'll take the first question Kevin regarding prior period development. The only thing that is reflected in the numbers we presented today was the prior period development realized in Q1. No projections go forward consistent with our initial guide and legacy Aetna practices.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Kevin it's Larry. In terms of second question Kevin while we provided an update on the selling season as it stands today, obviously there's still a lot of runway remaining for the 2020 season. And we'll continue to provide updates. So we still have a long way to go before we complete the season.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Peter Costa from Wells Fargo Securities. Your line is open.

Peter Costa -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Good morning. A question on the Health Care Benefits business and your maintained guidance on medical benefits ratio of 84%. Given the favorable prior period development, you'd think you can be sort of at the lower end of that range at this point in time? Would you say you're at the lower end of this range at this point or do you think really it's the full range that you're thinking about? And then will you not have the seasonal pattern that Aetna typically had which was a rising medical loss ratio through the year because of all the deal synergies?

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Hi Peter it's Eva. It's early in the year so we provided the range and we'll stick with that range obviously as we progress throughout the year. We'll provide additional update. There was a lot of membership growth as Karen cited which we'll continue to monitor their utilization. In terms of the progression throughout the year, as we stated we moved SilverScript over to the Health Care Benefits segment which carries a different quarterly pattern than a traditional Aetna pattern where on the SilverScript it's highest in the first quarter and reduces as you go throughout the year given the risk corridor sharing so that's the AP driver of why you see maybe a little bit higher-than-expected Q1 MBR.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

I think we have time for two more questions.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Michael Cherny from Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Michael Cherny -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Hi and thanks for taking the question. Larry, I wanted to go back to a comment you made earlier regarding your recent PBM user meeting and the conversations you're having with health plans and engagement level. I guess is they think about what you're becoming is an integrated entity now that you own Aetna what are they looking for you the new CVS qualitatively provide for them and In that engagement push is there a realization or understanding of what you're doing with the store base and with the HealthHUB initial push that can help them drive essential value going forward?

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Yes Mike. First of all, as part of that meeting we did provide an update as to the work to date to include the HealthHUB. And I would say that there's a growing realization that if we describe this as consumerism in healthcare is here to stay. So the fact that we have these customer-facing assets is I think what is gaining a lot of interest and attention in terms of what that potentially can mean and it reflects some of our earlier discussions and some of the points that Kevin made that as you think about if I just focus on the bricks-and-mortar retail store for a minute and we are beginning to see this evolution through the HealthHUBs, it's not just selling thousands of products. It's a combination of products and services that the dynamic in healthcare at some point even though we're seeing more and more healthcare in the palm of your hand and that's an important part of our strategy at some point that consumer has to be touched. And we have the lead way to do that in a sure and sound way.

Operator

Your last question comes from the line of Hima Inguva from Bank of America. Your line is open.

Unidentified Participant -- -- Analyst

Thank you. Congrats on a good quarter. Eva just wanted a little bit of clarification on the pace and cadence of de-levering that you expect. Maybe if you could share the timing on when you see getting to the 3x leverage target. And also any color on your recent conversations with the credit rating agencies it would be great. Thank you.

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Thanks for the question Hima. As we said consistently, our top priority is to de-leverage and get to our low 3x rating. We're pleased with our paying down the term loan early. $500 million we paid in Q1 and we expect to pay that full term loan down by the end of the year. And at this point we're not going to provide our longer-term leverage road map there. We'll provide that at Analyst Day. That said as we continue to look for opportunities to generate cash to pay down this debt and we're working on initiatives, improving working capital, a full review of our portfolio as well as the cost initiatives that Jon spoke about we believe in addition to driving growth in our business will enable us to continue to improve our leverage.

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

So just wrapping up here there were a lot of questions. We appreciate all the questions. We're trying to track to make sure we've answered everything recognizing there were multiple pieces to questions. One of the things that I do want to clarify I think Ricky had asked the question about the enterprise modernization, the cost reduction, were the numbers gross or net. And we want to be clear that those numbers that Eva provided were after any expenses incurred to execute it. So those were net improvement numbers. And obviously Joe and his team are available for follow up. And we look forward to hopefully seeing all of you on June 4th.

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen this concludes today's conference call. You may now disconnect.

Duration: 65 minutes

Call participants:

Joe Petroski -- Vice President Investor Relations

Larry Merlo -- President and CEO

Eva Boratto -- Chief Financial Officer

Lisa Gill -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Ross Muken -- Evercore -- Analyst

Kevin Hourican -- Executive Vice President

Anagha Gupte -- SVB Leerink -- Analyst

Ricky Goldwasser -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Jonathan Roberts -- Chief Operating Officer & Executive Vice President

Ralph Giacobbe -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Ann Hynes -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Justin Lake -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Derica Rice -- Executive Vice President & President-CVS Caremark

Steven Valiquette -- Barclays -- Analyst

Robert Jones -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Glen Santangelo -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

Charles Rhyee -- Cowen -- Analyst

A.J. Rice -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Karen Lynch -- Executive Vice President & President-Aetna Business Unit

Eric Percher -- Nephron -- Analyst

Kevin Caliendo -- UBS -- Analyst

Peter Costa -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Michael Cherny -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Unidentified Participant -- -- Analyst

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