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American Vanguard (AVD) Q1 2019 Earnings Call Transcript

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AVD earnings call for the period ending March 31, 2019.

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American Vanguard (AVD 1.66%)
Q1 2019 Earnings Call
May. 07, 2019, 4:10 p.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Ladies and gentlemen, greetings, and welcome to the American Vanguard first-quarter 2019 earnings conference call. [Operator instructions] As a reminder, this program is being recorded. It is now my pleasure to introduce your host, Bill Kuser, director of investor relations. Thank you.

You may begin.

Bill Kuser -- Director of Investor Relations

Well, thank you very much, Adam, and welcome, everyone, to American Vanguard's first-quarter 2019 earnings review. Our speakers today will be Mr. Eric Wintemute, the chairman and CEO of American Vanguard; Mr. David Johnson, the company's chief financial officer; and also assisting in answering your questions, Mr.

Bob Trogele, the company's chief operating officer. American Vanguard will file our Form 10-Q with the SEC tomorrow, May 8, providing additional detail on the results that we will be discussing in this call. Now before we begin, let's take our usual cautionary reminder. In today's call, the company may discuss forward-looking information.

Such information and statements are based on estimates and assumptions by the company's management and are subject to various risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ from management's current expectations. Such factors can include weather conditions, changes in regulatory policy, competitive pressures and various other risks that have been detailed in the company's SEC reports and filings. All forward-looking statements represent the company's best judgment as of the date of this call. Such information will not necessarily be updated by the company.

That said, we turn the call over to Eric.

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Bill. Hello, everyone, and welcome to our first-quarter earnings call. As always, we thank you for your continued interest in American Vanguard. As a housekeeping note, we have a hard stop at 2:15 but I doubt that we will go that long.

They say that you never know how good a ship is until it hits heavy weather. Good captain maintains the ship, trains the crew and stores provisions for good times and for bad. The same is true of a business. What we have been doing over the past few years, mainly diversifying through international acquisitions and managing operational efficiencies have enabled us to weather the storms that plagued many regions in the United States during the first quarter.

Despite a modest drop in overall net sales, we were able to improve gross margins. As what I'll explain further, we expect that we will not only make up lost ground over the balance of the year but actually exceed our originally yearly forecast for net sales. Allow me to give some color on the first quarter, including analysis of the top-line sales, gross margins and inventory. And then I'll turn to David for a more detailed analysis of our overall performance.

I will then return to give comments on technology development as well as our 2019 forecast. As will be reported in our Form 10-Q, quarterly net sales, as a whole, we were down 4%. This was due entirely to a decline in domestic sales due to rain, flooding and in some cases, snow in multiple areas. For example, wet conditions in the Southeast delayed planting and subsequently, use of our granular soil insecticides.

Similarly, fumigant use in the Pacific Northwest was pushed back while burn-down herbicide use was forestalled in the New South. As you may recall, ever since 2014, when industry had filled the distribution channel beyond capacity, our customers have been far more conservative in their procurement practices. Over the course of the first quarter, in the face of adverse weather conditions, distribution warehouses began to accumulate seed, fertilizer and other inputs. The normal flow of products from factory to field slowed considerably.

By the end of the quarter, our customers were reporting net sales down by 15% to 30%. Like our customers, we are also mindful of maintaining brand value and optimizing channel inventory. Consequently, for the past several years, we have been following, what we call, our natural flow program, in which we meet with customers to map out their needs during changing conditions and to move supply with actual demand. An alternative approach would be to create a transitory demand by discounting prices, thereby eroding brand value.

Our customers greatly procure our natural flow program. Free markets have a way of working themselves out and returning to historical norms. We believe that is what's happening here. While our seasonal domestic sales were down $16 million from our internal first-quarter forecast, we expect that most of -- or all of those sales will materialize over the course of 2019.

Interestingly, as of April 15, our EDI sales for domestic regions had caught up to within 3% of 2018 sales through the same date. During the first quarter, we experienced stronger sale performance in our international businesses. This is largely due to increased Central American sales through AgriCenter, including mineral oil products for fungicidal control in bananas, chlorothalonil for use on black sigatoka, special nutritional products from Greenplants and a number of soil amendments and biorational fungicides. Also during the period, we added sales of our newly acquired Brazilian subsidiary, Agrovant/Defensive, led by Argenfrut, a mineral-oil insecticide used on citrus and RedShield, a copper-based foliar product used on multiple crops.

With decreased U.S. sales and increased international sales, one might have expected an adverse effect upon overall gross margin. However, this was not the case. Overall gross margins actually improved to 42% versus 39% for the same quarter last year.

This arose from two factors. First, our manufacturing efficiency was strong. We continued to focus on enhancing factory activity, while reducing factory expense, and this discipline is benefiting our bottom line. Second, our mix of products was optimal in all regions with gross margins up to 48% from 45% domestically and up to 32% from 29% internationally.

This speaks well of the manner in which we are positioning products in our markets throughout the globe. Before turning the presentation over to David, I also want to discuss inventory. We finished the quarter at a $190 million versus $160 million at the end of 2018. There are several drivers for this increase.

First, we shifted the manufacturing campaign for a few products in order to ensure adequate supply during periods of high demand. This is true of Folex, Thimet and Vapam, which are at levels about $13 million higher than year-end. Second, this year's level includes $11 million of incremental inventories associated with new product and businesses recently acquired, including the Assure II herbicide and new businesses in both Australia and Brazil. Third, in light of supply interruptions from China due to tariffs and plant closures, we've expedited the procurement of Parazone, Abba and chlorothalonil from Chinese sources and are carrying about $5 million of inventory earlier in the calendar year.

The balance consists of higher level of inventories from our expanding lifetime businesses. We expect to bring inventories down to about $145 million by year-end. In doing so, we will convert these inventories into cash over the remainder of the year. For the balance of 2019, we expect to see solid demand for our products both domestically and internationally.

In fact, we are raising our guidance for full-year revenue from our previous forecast of $490 million to $510 million to a revised range of $510 million to $530 million. If we're able to make additional product or business acquisitions, we'll adjust that target range appropriately. We believe that our product mix and manufacturing performance should allow us to deliver gross profit margins in the 38% to 40% range. With disciplined management of operating expenses, we are targeting $150 million to $160 million, which we deal an OPEX-to-sales ratio of 30% to 31%.

Our tax rate should remain consistent in the 24% to 26% range across all jurisdictions. With that overview, I will ask David to give you his analysis of our financial performance. I will then return to talk about other initiatives that we are pursuing to deliver long-term sustainable growth. David?

David Johnson -- Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Eric. Good afternoon, everybody. As Bill mentioned, we expect to file our Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2019, tomorrow. Everything I'm covering here is included in more detail in that document.

With regard to the financial results, as Eric just detailed, the company's sales for the first-quarter 2019 were down about 4%, ending at $100 million as compared to $104 million this time last year. As Eric has just discussed, adverse weather conditions in our domestic ag market and to a lesser extent, our non-ag market resulted in lower overall sales as compared to the first quarter of 2018. Basically, wet weather prevented farmers from starting the annual growing season by planting seed and using crop inputs. The delay for farmers translates to lower orders to retailers then to distribution, and that immediately impacts our domestic sales.

We expect to see those U.S. ag sales substantially catch up during the next one to two quarters. While our domestic business suffered, our international business grew, primarily because of the inclusion of our Brazilian business acquired at the start of the year. We consider that our sales performance for the quarter has benefited from the fact that we have succeeded in transitioning from a predominantly domestic U.S.

business to a business with a strong international base. For the quarter, international sales represented 38% of net sales as compared to 33% last year. Furthermore, we are pleased that including this regional change in mix, our gross-margin performance remains strong for the first quarter, ending at 42% of sales as compared to 39% this time last year. During the first quarter, our operating expenses ended at 35% of net sales, compared to 32% this time last year.

This included the addition of the activities of our newly acquired Brazilian business and the Assure II herbicide product line that we acquired in the final days of 2018. Our expenses do include continual provision for potential bad debts of approximately $1 million arising from our Central American distribution business. Offsetting those expense increases, we made adjustments to expected deferred consideration payments related to businesses acquired in 2017 and reduced overall incentive-compensation accruals, reflecting financial performance in the quarter. Finally, we recorded lower expenses for product defense and product development as compared to 2018.

These costs depend on the timing of projects and will likely catch up somewhat later in the year. Our tax rate ended the quarter at 26%, which is consistent with the same period of the prior year. Overall, net income for the quarter decreased by 16% to $3.9 million or $0.13 per share as compared to $4.7 million or $0.16 per share this time last year. Interest expense ended at $1.6 million as compared to $837,000 this time last year.

The increased expense was driven mainly by increased average debt as a result of acquisitions in late 2018 and early 2019 and the period-over-period increase in LIBOR, which impacted our borrowing rate. In an effort to further support investors' understanding of the business and its financial performance, in the earnings release, we have reported EBITDA, which reduced by 6% in the quarter to $12.6 million, whereas, net income reduced by 16%, as I just described. The relative difference in decrease between EBITDA and net income is largely due to higher interest payments and increased amortization both acquisition related. From my perspective, the key financial issues for the first quarter are as follows.

First, factory performance. We continued to follow a disciplined approach to planning our factory activity, balancing overhead recovery with demand forecasts and inventory levels. In the three months ended March 31, 2019, our under-absorption of factory costs improved by approximately $800,000 as compared to last year, making a strong start of the manufacturing in 2019. Second, inventory.

During the quarter, our inventory increased by approximately $30 million. This reflects the strong sales forecast we see for the balance of the year and actions we are taking to manage the risks we see in supply logistics and continued tariff battles with China. The increase also includes bringing on approximately $11 million of inventory associated with recently acquired products and businesses. As Eric mentioned, we are upbeat about our sales expectations for the balance of the year, and we remain focused on getting inventory down to approximately $145 million by the December 31, 2019, plus the impact of any acquisitions that may be completed during the balance of the year.

Third, with regard to liquidity. At the end of the first quarter, availability under our credit lines stood at $57 million as compared to $125 million this time last year. Indebtedness as of March 31, 2019 was $149 million as compared to $90 million at the end of the first quarter of 2018. The difference is driven by the $43 million spent on acquisitions during the last nine months of '18 and the first three months of 2019.

We are monitoring our borrowings carefully as we continue to contemplate accretive acquisitions and as Eric mentioned, are focused on driving the business to improve the balance sheet during the balance of the year. In summary, when looking at the first quarter of 2019, we can say that we have recorded moderately lower sales and slower domestic market conditions and demonstrated the strength of our now more regionally diversified business. In addition, we have completed a key strategic acquisition, giving us a first foothold in Brazil, which is the world's biggest agricultural market. Further, despite an increasingly importance of international sales to our business, we have achieved the strong manufacturing and gross margin performance.

With that, I will hand back to Eric.

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, David. Turning now to technology. Development of our SIMPAS precision application system continues on schedule. During the planting season of 2019, we were working with some of our major customers both to demonstrate the prescriptive and simultaneous application of an insecticide, nematicide and micronutrient and to line up agronomous to create prescriptions for future use.

These efforts will enable us to generate data to support the value proposition for SIMPAS. Additionally, we'll be beta testing the RFID tracking technology, liquid product delivery in combination with granular products and the smart-fill prototypes for reloading SmartCartridge containers. Further, we are working with peer companies to fill out the product portfolio for SIMPAS so that we can maximize our users' choice of at-plant inputs. In 2020, we will mark this proprietary technology through a limited retail distribution campaign.

We will also be testing and refining the RFID tracking system and the prescriptive application for both granular and liquid products simultaneously. We expect to be installing the first regional SIMPAS cartridge refilling stations that will facilitate efficient, cost-effective container usage. Further, we continue our collaboration with Trimble on synchronizing SIMPAS software with their superior geopositioning system and the dashboards of the major planting system manufacturers. We are conducting market demand and pricing assessments of this technology with Trimble's vantage retail network to determine a detailed commercial plan for SIMPAS by retailers who are experts in precision ag.

In April, we presented SIMPAS development plans to the Environmental Protection Agency. This is just the sort of technology that the agency wants to see from industry as it improves growers' ability to account for use of crop protection inputs, while optimizing the environmental footprint. In short, we are collaborating with regulators, channel partners and peers to advance this technology. We plan to report on our multiyear forecast for SIMPAS financial performance at our Annual Meeting of Shareholders on June 5.

In conclusion, our business is showing resiliency in the midst of seasonal adverse marketing conditions in the United States. We expect to recoup most, if not all, of the net sales that we lost during the first quarter. Further, our international businesses are growing and should continue to do so over the balance of 2019. Thus, we're expecting overall top-line sales to exceed our prior guidance.

In addition, we will maintain our focus on maximizing factory efficiency, while reducing inventory and in the process, generate cash flow. This, in turn, will enable us to bring down debt, increase our borrowing capacity and strengthen our balance sheet by year end. Beyond 2019, we are poised for further growth. And I will tell you more about this when we speak again at our Annual Shareholders Meeting this June.

Now we'd be happy to answer any questions you may have. Adam?

Questions & Answers:


Thank you. [Operator instructions] Our first question comes from the line of Jim Sheehan from SunTrust. You are now live.

Pete Osterland -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

Good afternoon. This is Pete Osterland on for Jim. Just a couple of questions on China. With safety inspections increasing after the recent explosion at the chemical's plant in the Jiangsu province, are you experiencing or do you expect to experience any difficulty with procuring raw materials from China? And then with the news that import tariffs could be increasing at the end of the week, what kind of impact do you expect that this could have?

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

So with regard to experiencing difficulty with supply, again, we mentioned that we have three key products that we picked up from Adama. We've brought in product and we think we're in pretty good shape there. The one product that does concern us is Bromacil, which is a product that we bought from DuPont and then later acquisition from Bayer. And we are having -- they are, I think, about 90 kilometers away from the incident and are currently shut down.

We have alternate sources that we're working on, but that's probably the one product that we could have impact on in the short term. With regard to the tariffs, it kind of goes two ways. If they are enacted, our products that we currently have today are at a lower cost than potentially replacement cost would be. Longer term, most of us are in the same position, and particularly, we're not heavily dependent on China.

I think, it's maybe less than 20%. But for what we do have, we're pretty much in the same boat with everybody else. So we would be expected to be able to pass those duties forward.

Pete Osterland -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

Thank you.


Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Chris Kapsch from Loop Capital Markets. You are now live.

Chris Kapsch -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yeah, good afternoon. So actually, I wanted to ask about SIMPAS. And at one point, Eric, you had, I think, an expert or consultancy sort of do some work and frame up a -- what you viewed as maybe an addressable market. I forget if it was -- I think, it was more focused on acreage globally, maybe revenues.

I don't know if you're at a point where you can -- I know, you're going to divulge some of this in the coming months, but if you're at a point, where you can sort of talk about the appropriate TAM that -- where you think your technology is applicable and where you might be targeting that product to commercialize over the next few years. And what sort of metrics are you planning to focus on in terms of measuring the progress and the success of that commercialization?

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So the markets, I mean, we're initially focused on, I'll say, six crops, but predominantly corn, soybeans and cotton in the U.S., but then there is potatoes and sugarcane, sugar beets to a lesser degree. And then we are utilizing the current SmartBox system. We just started in Brazil.

We've been doing this now in Australia and also in Canada. So those will be markets that we'd kind of be -- kind of next in line, so to speak, for the SIMPAS usage. I'm trying to think what your other question was. Can you repeat, Chris, if I missed it?

Chris Kapsch -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

Well, if there's any way you could frame up what the addressable market is, not so much in the crop but just in terms of total acreage where you think the technology is applicable. And what sort of metric like revenue, profitability might we expect that you can -- would be interested and start tracking and disclosing as far as that commercialization shows progress?

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

So longer term, I don't see there are too many acres that would not be -- have a benefit from the use of SIMPAS. In smaller acreage, there is -- we're talking with our team about the use of SIMPAS and drones, where they can take a payload of up to two and a half gallons of product, the idea of being able to do turf, golf courses, I think. So the uses, I think, are -- in total acreage, is pretty mind boggling. As far as metrics, yeah, I think, we would talk about, as we move forward, kind of treatable -- or treated acres.

And by treated acres, if we used -- if we were going on in a prescription that amounted for 30% of the acres for a nematicide and 40% for a micronutrient and 70% for insecticide and biological, the rest of it, all of those will add up. So when acre itself could be a higher number, even though treatment for each individual input would be likely less than a full acre, if the prescription is accurate the way we would look for it to be. So I think, again, to answer your question in metrics, we would talk about treated acres through the SIMPAS system, and that's probably the measure of how well we're progressing.

Chris Kapsch -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

And then just one last one on SIMPAS. Eric, the -- you obviously have some channel partners that are helping you in terms of the validation and the launch. But presumably, for adoption, you have some peer -- insecticide, herbicide suppliers would have to -- I don't know if there's some form of relationship -- formal relationship, if it's licensing agreement or anything like that. Just how do you intend to approach that? And is -- are we at a point where you're starting to enlist sort of peer crop chemical supplier that would have a role in supplying materials that would go be used in the SIMPAS system? Thanks.

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

So yes, you're correct. We are working with peers to line up products. I think, from their standpoint, they look at it as incremental sales. We originally positioned this as treating acres that wouldn't be treated for economic reasons if they have to treat 100% of the acre.

And so it allows for incremental increase. There certainly will be -- there's a current seed treatment practice that can be expanded by us being able to apply product specifically in or around the seed at time of plant. So I think we largely see this as kind of incremental increase for getting on treating crops and acres that maybe currently aren't being treated in a particular fashion. That being said, with our current SmartBox system, the people that are doing insecticides through that, that we've been offering for the last 18 years will probably shift to this -- so there will be some, I'll call it, cannibalization, if you will, but it's going to be, from our advantage point, a much bigger platform for us to be able to do multiple crops in a prescriptive manner with multiple inputs at time of plant.


Thank you. [Operator instructions] Our next question comes from the line of Joseph Reagor from Roth Capital Partners. You are now live.

Joseph Reagor -- ROTH Capital Partners -- Analyst

Hi, guys. Thanks for taking my questions. A couple of minor things. I guess, first one, the reporting format, it was changed a bit with your breakdown of sales.

Are we going to get the normal breakout in the Q? Or is this kind of the new format going forward?

David Johnson -- Chief Financial Officer

Are you talking about the domestic and international sales?

Joseph Reagor -- ROTH Capital Partners -- Analyst

Yeah. Usually, we get like herbicide and insecticides.

David Johnson -- Chief Financial Officer

That is in the Q.

Joseph Reagor -- ROTH Capital Partners -- Analyst

OK, great. I'll look for it there. Also, some of your peers didn't -- had kind of suggested that product to mix wasn't going to be as good as yours turned out to be from a margin standpoint. Is there any additional color you guys can give there of how you guys maintained the strong margin as you did?

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Well, we kind of mentioned again we're probably more driven by bottom line than top line and this natural flow program that we've tried to do, which recognize if our customers have full warehouses and planting season is delayed, that we'll wait until they need the product to actually go out to the farm base. So I think, that's a big part of it. There were some sales like our Parazone, which in last year's first quarter happened, and those are lower-margin products. But again, the message that we sent to all of our team is focus on gross-margin dollars, don't focus on the top-line sales.

So it doesn't mean as much if we sell more product at a lower margin as it does for us to have higher gross-margin dollars to work with.

Joseph Reagor -- ROTH Capital Partners -- Analyst

OK, fair enough. Switching gears a bit to the balance sheet. With the increase in debt during the quarter, do you guys feel comfortable that you still have enough bandwidth to make acquisitions? Or do you think that you need a quarter of repaying debt before you'd be out there looking again?

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Well, we're always looking and always working on something. When we've looked in the past at some of the blockbuster acquisitions that we were participating in, we're fortunate that it wound up not going to us, but we were certainly entertained in the process. And had they come to the level that we felt they're worth to us, we would have had the backing that we needed from our bank syndicate. And they've continued to assure us that if we have acquisitions that make sense, and again, we tend to pay more in the five to six multiple EBITDA and maybe 10 to 12 where some acquisitions will go, but at those ranges, I think we have -- we feel we have -- it's a long-standing relationship with these banks and credit unions that are -- would be happy to step up and make more availability of borrowing available to us.

So I don't know, David, if you have --

David Johnson -- Chief Financial Officer

No. We have a great relationship with the banks, and I keep them informed very closely of how things are going. They have always supported us. So I think that we continue to be in a good position to contemplate acquisitions as they arise.

Joseph Reagor -- ROTH Capital Partners -- Analyst

OK. Thanks, guys.


Thank you. Ladies and gentlemen, there are no further questions in queue at this time. I'd like to turn the floor back over to management for closing.

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

OK. Well, once again, thank you very much for joining us for the call, and we encourage you to -- opportunity to join us in our next call, which will be our Shareholders' Meeting on June 5. Correct? Right. OK.

Thank you very much. Have a good evening.


[Operator signoff]

Duration: 36 minutes

Call participants:

Bill Kuser -- Director of Investor Relations

Eric Wintemute -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

David Johnson -- Chief Financial Officer

Pete Osterland -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

Chris Kapsch -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

Joseph Reagor -- ROTH Capital Partners -- Analyst

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Motley Fool Transcribing has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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