Amphastar Pharmaceuticals Inc (AMPH) Q1 2019 Earnings Call Transcript

AMPH earnings call for the period ending March 31, 2019.

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May 10, 2019 at 12:24AM
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Amphastar Pharmaceuticals Inc (NASDAQ:AMPH)
Q1 2019 Earnings Call
May. 9, 2019, 5:00 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good day, ladies and gentlemen. And welcome to Amphastar First Quarter Earnings Conference Call. At this time, all participants are in listen-only mode. Later, we will conduct a question-and-answer session. Instruction will follow at that time. (Operator Instructions)

All statements on this conference call that are not historical are forward-looking statements, including, among other things, statements relating to the Company's expectations regarding future financial performance, backlog, sales and marketing of its products, market size and growth, the timing of FDA filings or approvals, including the DMF of ANP, the timing of product launches, acquisitions and other matters related to its pipeline of product candidates, its share buyback program and other future events. These statements are not historical facts but rather are based on Amphastar's historical performance and its current expectations, estimates, and projections regarding Amphastar's business, operations and other similar or related factors.

Words such as may, might, will, could, would, should, anticipate, predict, potential, continue, expect, intend, plan, project, believe, estimate, and other similar or related expressions are used to identify these forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these words. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements because they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult or impossible to predict, in some cases, beyond Amphastar's control.

Actual results may differ materially for those in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including those described in Amphastar's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You can locate these reports through the Company's website at amphastar.com and on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. Amphastar undertakes no obligation to revise or update information in this press release or the conference call referenced above to reflect events or circumstances in the future, even if new information becomes available or if subsequent events cause Amphastar's expectations to change.

I'd now like to turn the conference over to your host, Jason Shandell, President of Amphastar. You may begin, sir.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Thank you, operator. Good afternoon. And welcome to Amphastar Pharmaceuticals first quarter earnings call. My name is Jason Shandell, President of Amphastar. I'm joined today with my colleague Bill Peters, CFO of Amphastar. We appreciate you joining us on the call today and look forward to speaking with you and answering any questions you may have.

We have a very strong start to 2019 and are seeing our organic R&D is paying off. In addition, our current commercial portfolio continues to drive strong growth. Our first quarter performance had sales growth of approximately 37% and a gross profit increase of 82% compared to the first quarter of 2018. The margin rate also significantly increased compared to the first quarter of 2018. This growth is the result of commercial strength driven by our technically challenging sterile injectable portfolio and our launch of Primatene Mist, which is the only FDA approved asthma inhaler for the over-the-counter market. We are confident that our commercial products in combination with our robust pipeline will result in a continued trend of strong growth over the coming years.

We continue to see a positive trend for the sales of Primatene Mist. As we've reported in past earnings calls, we hope to grow the brand back to its peak sales of $65 million in the next two years to three years. To help achieve this goal, we'll begin running national television commercials in approximately two months. Television remains a powerful medium for the sale of OTC medicines and we believe the national commercials will increase awareness of the product and lead to a significant increase in demand. Overall, we remain very confident in Primatene Mist benefit to consumers and the long-term growth potential, given its long established brand and the ease of OTC access for the majority of asthmatic who experienced mild symptoms of intermittent asthma.

In March, we received FDA approval of our Enoxaparin multiple dose vial, which allows the Company to begin offering the full line of Enoxaparin products. We expect additional FDA approvals this year for our current products on file with the agency and we will look to maximize these opportunities, which will be driven by our management teams proven ability to execute and bring these new products to the market. In parallel, we are focused on advancing our promising pipeline and are excited by the prospect of our pipeline, which includes the areas of significant and ongoing unmet needs.

As many of you know, the Company typically does not disclose details of its generic pipeline for competitive reasons. However, as we've discussed in the past, more of the pipeline will be disclosed in the coming quarters, as we engage in more Paragraph IV patent challenges. We discussed vasopressin on the last call as it became public when we were sued by the innovator in December 2018. Vasopressin is a complicated peptide product with 2018 sales of greater than $400 million. The Paragraph IV lawsuit triggered a 30-month stay.

We also discussed on the last call that we filed another Paragraph IV but the innovator chose not to sue us by the deadline in the fourth quarter of 2018. So our application is not subject to a 30-month stay. This filing was recently disclosed by the innovator in their quarterly earnings call, so it is now public information that one of our ANDA's currently on file with the agency is our epinephrine multiple dose vial product, which was withdrawn from the market in May 2017. This could be another good driver for the Company.

There is also impressive work under way in our China subsidiary, as they continue to work on establishing finished product lines with an eye toward entering the growing China pharmaceuticals market, where there is significant opportunity. We believe that our investments in our China subsidiary will yield meaningful returns.

Finally, we are continuing to evolve in a rapidly changing industry to best position Amphastar for sustainable profitable growth over the long-term. As our industry is dealing with complex issues, such as drug pricing, we believe that our technically challenging drugs with limited competition and the potential for ongoing drug shortages will contribute to our growth, while meeting the cost and availability needs of patients. We are confident in our strategy, our growth prospects and our ability to continue to deliver significant benefits for patients and value to shareholders in 2019 and beyond.

In summary, we are very pleased by our first quarter performance. We expect our operational momentum to continue throughout the remainder of 2019. Our goal is to generate strong and growing long-term returns through disciplined resource allocation and investments in our pipeline. We believe that our ongoing efforts to develop and deliver complex injectable and inhalation products, including biosimilar pipeline candidates, that help meet unmet medical needs, coupled with strong commercial execution has positioned us very well to generate strong short- and long-term value for our Company, our shareholders and overall public health.

I will now pass the call over to our CFO, Bill Peters to go through the quarterly results.

Bill Peters -- Chief Financial Officer, Senior Vice President and Treasurer

Thank you, Jason. Sales for the first quarter increased 37% to $79.8 million from $58.4 million in the previous year's period. Enoxaparin was again our biggest selling product with sales of $14.5 million, up from $7 million due to both higher unit volumes and higher average selling prices, as we implemented the price increased to certain customers.

Lidocaine which was this quarter's second biggest selling product saw sales increased $12 million from $9.8 million on higher unit volumes at higher average selling prices. Naloxone sales declined to $7.4 million from $8.9 million on lower unit volumes. Medroxyprogesterone sales increased to $7.2 million from $2.7 million, as we had just begun the launch of this product in the first quarter of last year. Sales of Primatene Mist totaled $2.9 million, as we began selling the product in Rite Aid. Sales of Cortrosyn also increased this quarter as there were market shortages of this product. Our insulin API business had sales of $5.3 million for the quarter, which was relatively unchanged from the first quarter of last year.

Gross margins increased as we had increased sales of high margin products like Medroxyprogesterone, Primatene Mist and Cortrosyn. Selling, distribution and marketing expenses increased primarily due to marketing costs associated with the launch of Primatene Mist, as well as increased freight costs. General and administrative spending increased to $16.3 million from $11 million, primarily because of higher legal expenses related to the antitrust case against Momenta and Sandoz.

Research and development expenditures increased to $14.6 million from $14 million due to; one, salaries and personnel-related expenses at our China subsidiary, Amphastar Nanjing Pharmaceuticals due to the expansion of both pipeline projects and the facility; and two, increased clinical trial expenses for both ANDA and NDA pipeline products for Amphastar. These increases were partially offset by lower expenses related to FDA fees and prelaunch inventory.

The Company reported net income attributable to Amphastar shareholders of $900,000 or $0.02 per share in the first quarter, compared to a loss of $7.1 million or $0.15 per share in the first quarter of 2018. The Company reported an adjusted net income of $4.9 million or $0.10 per share, compared to an adjusted net loss of $2.5 million or $0.05 per share in the first quarter of last year. Adjusted earnings exclude amortization, equity compensation and impairments of long lived assets. In the first quarter, cash flow used in operations was approximately $3.6 million.

During the quarter, we repurchased approximately $3 million of stock and subsequent to quarter end, we repurchased $1.1 million of stock completing the repurchase authorization -- authorized by the Board in May of 2018. The Board of Directors has now authorized an additional $20 million repurchase plan, which reflects the confidence we have in Amphastar's future.

During the quarter we adopted ASC 842. The new lease accounting standard, which as you can see on the balance sheet included on our press release, adds a few items to our balance sheet, including the addition of short- and long-term lease liabilities and financing lease and operating lease right-of-use assets. The adoption of this new standard had no impact on our P&L for the quarter. There will be more details about this new accounting standard in our 10-Q footnote disclosures.

I will now turn the call over to the operator to begin the Q&A.


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Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. (Operator Instruction) And our first question comes from David Maris from Wells Fargo. Your line is now open.

David William Maris -- Wells Fargo Securities, LLC -- Analyst

Hi. A few questions. So first on the Primatene Mist, national ads. Are those -- did you say TV ads or what part of -- what percentage of the spending is going to be digital versus television?

The other is, did you launch to Walmart in the first quarter or is that going to be a second quarter or later item. The -- I do have a few by the way today. The epinephrine multiple dose products. How big is the current market for that?

And then, lastly, can you give us an update, Jason, perhaps, a little bit in depth on what the Novartis, Sandoz case, what the status is right now, what the next events are? Thank you.

Bill Peters -- Chief Financial Officer, Senior Vice President and Treasurer

Okay. So let me take the first couple of questions there. So, the digital versus the TV, we have mentioned that we are going to be spending in the high -- mid-to-high single millions of dollars this year on advertising. And as we're going along we're allocating a certain percentage of that to digital and a certain percentage of that to TV. But another portion we're going to decide later on as we see how these markets perform right now. So, the initial spend is all digital and that's kind of the baseline everything and now we're just adding -- we're layering the TV ads on top of that. I think your second question was on Walmart.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Yes. So for Walmart, I know on the last call, we discussed that it's in process our discussions and so it remains in process, and hopefully, in the near-term we'll be seeing that come to fruition. Then the next one was on epi. I guess, I'll give that to Bill.

Bill Peters -- Chief Financial Officer, Senior Vice President and Treasurer

Yeah. So, right now that is about $100 million market according to IQVIA. So -- and as you know, we used to sell that product before we sold it as a grandfathered product previously and then the FDA asked us to remove it after and such product had gotten their approval. So, it was a big contributor to us at the time and at the time was a fairly high margin product as well, so.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

And then, finally, on the lawsuit, there is the patent case which is currently under appeal. And that was the case that we won the jury trial in 2017. And for the antitrust case it's proceeding in due course, the jury trial is scheduled for September. However, settlement before the trial is always a possibility.

David William Maris -- Wells Fargo Securities, LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you very much.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from Gary Nachman from BMO Capital Markets. Your line is now open.

Gary Jay Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hi, guys. First on Primatene, how much of the revenue in the first quarter was related to stocking for Rite Aid. What sort of pull-through are you seeing so far from CVS and Walgreens, have there been any reorders there and then what are the gross to nets currently. Those are supposed to be somewhere in the 25% to 30% range?

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Sure. So let me start off with Rite Aid. That was, I'll say, a reasonably significant portion of the sales in the quarter. Although, we're not going to breakout individual sales by any specific Company. But there's a couple of trends that we've been seeing. We've seen positive trends in the weekly sales data we receive from retailers and we've started to see an increasing trend in the reorders. And so to clarify that, we get weekly data on a couple of week delay and we've had week-over-week increases every week by one since we launched the product. So we're pleased about that that consistent and steady growth. And I'm now sure, if you had another question, I didn't (ph).

Gary Jay Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

The gross to net, I guess...

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Oh! Yeah. Gross to net.

Gary Jay Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

...they were supposed to be around 25% to 30%.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Yeah. That's about what we're getting. Yeah. That's correct. So -- and also I'll remind you all on the phone just on the Primatene Mist subject. This is a very high gross margin product.

Gary Jay Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay. And then, just a couple more, when will we be able to resubmit intranasal naloxone. Could that be this year. Just an update there. And any comment on where consensus (255/9) sales have fallen out last quarter based on your comment is now at around $330 million. So what are you thinking about that? Thanks.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

This is Jason. I'll start it out with the intranasal naloxone. So based on feedback from the FDA regarding the data that we've submitted. They gave some advice for further analysis, which we are currently working on. We remain on track, but I do believe in past calls, I've said that, most likely the resubmission would be in early 2020.

Gary Jay Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

And then for consensus? Okay.

Bill Peters -- Chief Financial Officer, Senior Vice President and Treasurer

And then consensus, previous to the last call -- we had kind of indicated on the last call that we thought the sales estimates were a little high, which is why we said that in my prepared comments, if I thought that they were too high or often some way now I would have said something. So I'm saying we're pretty comfortable with where those estimates are at this time.

Gary Jay Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay. Thanks guys.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from David Amsellem from Piper Jaffray. Your line is now open.

David A. Amsellem -- Piper Jaffray Companies -- Analyst

Thanks. Just a couple. So just a first on the ANDA pipeline, I think, you had mentioned a couple of months back that you -- the FDA completed preapproval inspections on two of the filings. So is it safe to assume that those target action dates are coming soon on those and maybe just help us understand your views on the pace of potential approvals as the year progresses?

And then, secondly, can you give us an update on the demistry (ph) high value injectable, you got a CRL on that in September, so if I'm not mistaken. So any -- anything new there and there's market dynamics still, are you still characterizing market dynamics for that the same way? Thanks.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Sure, Yeah. So in terms of the preapproval inspection. Yeah, you're correct. So we do have GDUFA dates this year. We typically don't provide the specific dates and I would say two of them are spread out. But, yes, we feel good about those. And then on the high value generic that we've been talking about for quite some time. I did state on the last call that we had resubmitted that and do have a new GDUFA date now. And in terms of market dynamics that that does remain the same.

David A. Amsellem -- Piper Jaffray Companies -- Analyst

Okay. And then, one last question on the ANDAs. Is there any update on the number of filings we plan to submit between now and year end, any changes compared to your previous commentary?

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Yeah. No change. We're still on track for two to three ANDAs this year to be filed.

David A. Amsellem -- Piper Jaffray Companies -- Analyst

Okay. All right. Thanks.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Sure.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from Elliot Wilbur from Raymond James. Your line is now open. Elliot, your line is now open.

Lucas Lee -- Raymond James & Associates, Inc. -- Analyst

Hello. Can you hear me?

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Yes.

Lucas Lee -- Raymond James & Associates, Inc. -- Analyst

Oh! Hi, guys. So this is Lucas Lee on for Elliot Wilbur. First on, medroxyprogesterone product, it appears that Sun Pharma recently received the approval in vials, as well as in pre-filled syringe form. Could you share your view on how this could impact Amphastar, if they decide to enter the market?

And secondly, could you comment on the recent 483s that you were -- that were issued to your facilities and where it currently stands? Thank you.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Sure. Yeah. With regard to the generic Depo-Provera, yes, Sun Pharma did get approval both the vial and pre-filled syringe. Of course in our industry we expect a competition to enter and given our market share we don't see it as being a major impact to Amphastar specifically and we think that we'll continue to maintain a fair share of the market. With respect to the for 483s, we considered those minor and they were fully responded to.

Lucas Lee -- Raymond James & Associates, Inc. -- Analyst

Thank you.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from David Steinberg from Jefferies. Your line is now open.

David Michael Steinberg -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

Thanks. First question, I know you bought back 25 million in stock last year. I think you just got a new authorization, do you plan on using that full $20 million? And then in terms of the launch of Primatene, I know it's early, but any additional thoughts on how quickly you think this will ramp and how many years it might take to get to peak? Thanks.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Sure. So on the buyback, we authorized $20 million. We do that mostly to offset the equity plans that are given as part of our compensation packages to a wide level of people here. We don't have a specific plan over the timing of that. We did authorize a plan -- the last $20 million plan in May of last year and we finished it in April of this year. So it was really there for almost a full 12 months. And just a part of it's going to depend on the stock price and other things. And as far as Primatene getting back to the peak from before we've consistently said that we think it's going to take two years to three years to get there, and yeah, we still believe that's the case.

David Michael Steinberg -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

And then, final question, just on M&A, you haven't anything done in a while. What do you -- what's your current thinking. Are you seeing reasonable valuations out there or would you say you're active or less active and what's the probability of, perhaps, doing something this year?

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Yeah. I think we are seeing some attractive value out there. We -- as you know, we've been disciplined for many years where we thought things were overvalued. We have seen some value recently, and for instance, if we were to settle the litigation and have some excess cash, that can be used for organic growth, for our clinical trials, but it also -- if there is an attractive asset or an opportunity we would be willing to move on that.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from Gregg Gilbert from SunTrust. Your line is now open.

Gregg Gilbert -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

Thanks. Good afternoon, guys. On the epi product can you talk about whether there are any differences in the product you filed versus the product that you removed from the market. And can you also talk about when you filed and whether there's been any FDA interaction since then on the filling? Thanks.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Yeah. We don't typically discuss the details of -- the timing, but of course, we did state that we were not sued by the deadline which was fourth quarter of 2018, so that can give you some general understanding of when we may have filed. But in terms of the details of the formulation we would prefer not to get into that for competitive reasons.

Gregg Gilbert -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

Okay. Fair enough. Thanks.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. And our last question comes from Serge Belanger from Needham. Your line is now open.

Ken -- Needham & Company, LLC -- Analyst

Hey. Thanks guys. This is Ken (ph) on for Serge. I just had a question on the advertising for Primatene, the spring season is coming, allergy season is coming. You expect through the increase in your spend on advertising anytime soon? And another question is, is the Primatene taken off the market in 2011. I think a lot of patients were switched to the prescription ProAir anyway to treat their asthma. So are you seeing or hearing some of these asthma patients coming back to Primatene Mist now that it's available? Thank you.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

So, yeah -- so in terms of the advertising, as I said in my prepared remarks, in approximately two months we expect the TV -- the national TV advertising to begin. So that should jive well in terms of timing and we think it will increase demand and that will be a good time to begin running the commercials. So we're excited about that. And then, with respect to ProAir. Yeah I don't have any specific examples to point to, but we do know generally and we've had a lot of comments that we've seen on social media, as well as former users of Primatene who contacted the Company directly and many of them who have intermittent asthma. And so really just occasionally get mild symptoms in times like allergy season. They are excited by the fact that this product is backed. And really it goes to accessibility and the ease of being able to get such a product without a prescription and quickly when you need that temporary relief. So we're excited to be the only FDA approved asthma inhaler on the over-the-counter market and we do think that there isn't unmet need that while it was off the market, there was an unmet need and now we're addressing that.

Ken -- Needham & Company, LLC -- Analyst

Sounds great. Thank you.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Thank you.

Bill Peters -- Chief Financial Officer, Senior Vice President and Treasurer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. And there are no further questions at this time. I would now like to turn the call back to Jason Shandell, Jason Shandell, President of Amphastar for any further remarks.

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Thank you, operator. We really appreciate all of the good questions and happy to have such a strong quarter. I want to thank everybody for their time and have a great day.

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for your participation in today's conference. This concludes today's program. You may all disconnect. Everyone have a great day.

Duration: 30 minutes

Call participants:

Jason B. Shandell -- President

Bill Peters -- Chief Financial Officer, Senior Vice President and Treasurer

David William Maris -- Wells Fargo Securities, LLC -- Analyst

Gary Jay Nachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

David A. Amsellem -- Piper Jaffray Companies -- Analyst

Lucas Lee -- Raymond James & Associates, Inc. -- Analyst

David Michael Steinberg -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

Gregg Gilbert -- SunTrust Robinson Humphrey -- Analyst

Ken -- Needham & Company, LLC -- Analyst

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