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Diodes Inc (NASDAQ:DIOD)
Q2 2020 Earnings Call
Aug 6, 2020, 5:00 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good afternoon, and welcome to Diodes Incorporated Second Quarter 2020 Financial Results Conference Call. [Operator Instructions] At the conclusion of today's conference call, instructions will be given for the question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Thursday, August 6, 2020.

I would now like to turn the call over to Leanne Sievers of Shelton Group, Investor Relations. Leanne, please go ahead.

Leanne K. Sievers -- Executive Vice President, Investor Relations

Good afternoon, and welcome to Diodes' second quarter 2020 financial results conference call. I'm Leanne Sievers, President of Shelton Group, Diodes' Investor Relations firm. Joining us today are Diodes' Chairman, President, and CEO, Dr. Keh-Shew Lu; Chief Financial Officer, Brett Whitmire; Vice President of Worldwide Sales and Marketing, Emily Yang; and Director of Investor Relations, Laura Mehrl. Before I turn the call over to Dr. Lu, I'd like to remind our listeners that the results announced today are preliminary, as there are subject to the Company finalizing its closing procedures and customary quarterly review by the Company's independent registered public accounting firm. As such, these results are unaudited and subject to revision until the Company files its Form 10-Q for its second quarter 2020.

In addition, management's prepared remarks contain forward-looking statements, which are subject to risks and uncertainties, and management may make additional forward-looking statements in response to your questions. Therefore, the Company claims the protection of the Safe Harbor for forward-looking statements that is contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results may differ from those discussed today, and therefore, we refer you to a more detailed discussion of the risks and uncertainties in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Forms 10-K and 10-Q. In addition, any projections as to the Company's future performance represent management's estimates as of today, August 6, 2020. Diodes assumes no obligation to update these projections in the future, as market conditions may or may not change, except to the extent required by applicable law.

Additionally, the Company's press release and management statements during this conference call will include discussions of certain measures and financial information in GAAP and non-GAAP terms. Included in the Company's press release are definitions and reconciliations of GAAP to non-GAAP items, which provide additional details. Also, throughout the Company's press release and management statements during this conference call, we refer to net income attributable to common stockholders as GAAP net income. For those of you unable to listen to the entire call at this time, a recording will be available via webcast for 90 days in the Investor Relations section of Diodes' website at www.diodes.com.

And now, I'll turn the call over to Diodes' President and CEO, Dr. Keh-Shew Lu. Dr. Lu, please go ahead.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Leanne. Welcome, everyone. And thank you for joining us today. Second quarter revenue was better than expected, increased 2.8% sequentially, trading by market share gain accruals all key product groups, due to improving demand and the design win momentum. Additionally, our quarter benefited from strong sequential and year-over-year growth in the consumer market for gaming console and IoT device, as well in the computing market, as our Pericom IC products continued to gain traction in high-end servers storage, data center, and notebooks, as well as in automotive applications. In fact, our come Pericom products achieved the second highest revenue quarter since the acquisition. Our solid results reflect our team's ability to maintain a high level of efficiency and the productivity, despite the market disruption at the end of day, caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Our performance also serves as a testament to our diversified product portfolio in the end markets, as well as solid positioning with a long-standing tier one customers. Although the general market remains uncertain, we believe we will were positioned to continue gaining market share in the third quarter, and our forecast another quarter of sequential growth. In supporting of this growth, we took the initiative to view internal inventory, which also provided a level of assurance to all customers against possible surprise disruption in the shifting demand requirement due to the global pandemic. It is important to note that our distributor channel inventory was flat in the quarter and expected to be within our target range in the third quarter.

In summary, I'm proud of our consistent performance and the financial result achieved during those unprecedented times. Our total solution sale approach, combined with our tested design win momentum, continues to pay dividend for our business as a trust supplier of the product to our customers.

With that, let me now turn the call over to Brett to discuss our second quarter financial result and our third quarter 2020 guidance in more detail.

Brett Whitmire -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Dr. Lu, and good afternoon, everyone. As part of my financial review today, I will focus my comments on the sequential change for each of the line items, and we refer you to our press release for a more detailed review of our results, as well as the year-over-year comparisons. Revenue for the second quarter 2020 was $288.7 million, an increase of 2.8%, as compared to $280.7 in the first quarter 2020. Gross profit for the second quarter was $101.5 million or 35.2% of revenue, an increase of 5.9 % or 110 basis points, compared to the first quarter 2020 of $95.8 million or 34.1% of revenue. GAAP operating and expenses for the second quarter 2020 were $70.6 million or 24.5% of revenue, and on a non-GAAP basis, were $64.5 million or 22.3% of revenue, which excluded $4.4 million of acquisition related costs and $1.7 million of Board retirement costs.

This compares to non-GAAP operating expenses in the prior quarter of $65.4 million or 23.3% of revenue. Total other expense amounted to approximately $4.8 million for the quarter, including $3.6 million of foreign currency loss and $2.7 million and interest expense, partially offset by $1.3 million of other income and $200,000 of interest income. Income before taxes and non-controlling interest in the second quarter of 2020 was $26.1 million, compared to $25 million in the previous quarter. Turning to income taxes, our effective income tax rate for the second quarter was approximately 17.9%. GAAP net income for the second quarter 2020 was $21 million or $0.40 per diluted share, compared to GAAP net income of $20.2 million or $0.38 per diluted share in the first quarter 2020.

The share count used to compute GAAP diluted EPS for the second quarter 2020 was 52.6 million shares. Non-GAAP adjusted net income in the second quarter was $28.6 million or $0.54 per diluted share, which excluded net of tax $6.3 million of acquisition related costs and $1.3 million of Board retirement costs. This compares to non-GAAP adjusted net income of $23.9 million or $0.46 per diluted share in the first quarter 2020. EBITDA for the second quarter was $55.3 million or 19.2% of revenue, compared to $52.9 million or 18.9% of revenue in the prior quarter. We have included in the earnings release a reconciliation of GAAP net income to non-GAAP adjusted net income and GAAP net income to EBITDA, which provides additional details. Cash flow generated from operations was $3.1 million for the second quarter 2020. Free cash flow was $16.5 million for the second quarter, which includes $16.5 million for capital expenditures. Net cash flow for the second quarter was a positive $283.7 million.

Turning to the balance sheet, at the end of second quarter, cash and cash equivalents plus short-term investments totaled approximately $507 million. Working capital was $801 million, and long-term debt including the current portion, was $295 million. Both our cash and debt balances increased in the quarter as a result of actions we took to prepare for our pending acquisition of Lite-On Semiconductor, which is expected to close in the second half of this year. As a reminder, on May 31, we secured the financing for the Lite-On acquisition, consisting of $520 million term loan and a $150 million revolver. We were very pleased to be able to secure the $670 million credit facility at favorable terms in the midst of the COVID financial crisis. During the second quarter, we took advantage of the low interest rate environment and started drawing on our credit line to begin purchasing New Taiwan dollars as a natural hedge against the U.S. dollar, since the transaction will be funded in New Taiwan dollars.

As of the end of the quarter, we had borrowed and converted the equivalent of $200 million, resulting in our debt and cash balances increasing accordingly. In terms of inventory at the end of the second quarter, total inventory days increased slightly to approximate 119 in the quarter, compared to 115 last quarter. Finished goods inventory days were 30, compared to 29 in first quarter 2020. Total inventory dollars increased $23.6 million to approximately $255.8 million, which reflects a $15.4 million increase in finished goods, a $4.8 million increase in work in process, and the $3.4 million increase in raw materials. As Dr. Lu mentioned, we took the initiative to build internal inventory during the quarter to support our expected growth in third quarter, while also providing a level of assurance to customers against possible supply disruptions related to the uncertainty associated with the global pandemic.

Capital expenditures on a cash basis for the second quarter 2020 were $16.5 million or 5.7% of revenue, which remains at the low end of our target model of 5% to 9%. Now, turning to our outlook. For the third quarter 2020, we expect revenue to increase to approximately $304 million, plus or minus 3%. We expect GAAP gross margin to be 35.5%, plus or minus 1%. Non-GAAP operating expenses, which are GAAP operating expenses adjusted for amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, are expected to be approximately 23% of revenue, plus or minus 1%. We expect non-GAAP net interest expense to be approximately $1.5 million. Our income tax rate is expected to be 18%, plus or minus 3%, and shares used to calculate diluted EPS for the third quarter are anticipated to be approximately $52.8 million. Please note that purchasing accounting adjustments of $3.3 million after tax for Pericom and previous acquisitions are not included in these non-GAAP estimates. Also not included is $2.4 million of Lite-On acquisition-related financing costs.

With that said, I now turn the call over to Emily Yang.

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Thank you, Brett, and good afternoon. In the second quarter, revenue increased 2.8% quarter-over-quarter, which was at the high end of our guidance, primarily due to better than expected demand recovery in Asia. Looking more closely at second quarter revenue, POS was up due to strong demand in Asia, increased more than 15% quarter-over-quarter. Both North America and Europe POS was down due to the factory closure and shelter-in-place mandates that are still largely in place. Distributor inventory in terms of weeks was flat from last quarter and we remains slightly above our targeted range of 11 to 14 weeks, but we expect distributor inventory to be within our normal range in the near term. Looking at global sales in the second quarter, Asia represented 77% of revenue, Europe 15%, and North America 8%. In terms of our end market, consumer represented 27% of revenue, industrial 22%, communications also 22%, computing 19%, and automotive 10% of revenue.

Now, let me review the end markets in greater detail. Beginning with automotive market, we continue to make great progress in this end market, even though the revenue was down 6% sequentially, which is still far less than the decline in the broader automotive market. Automotive revenue represented a 10% of the total revenue compared to 11% last quarter, reflecting the temporary impact of factory closures in North America and Europe, due to the pandemic. This was partially offset by the increased demand momentum in Asia, especially our Pericom products. We continue to focus on capturing additional shares with new and existing products for an expanding number of automotive applications. More specifically, we saw demand for our new products in Infotainment lighting system, battery manage system, communication equipment, power train systems, body control modules, and controllers.

In the second quarter, we released the industrial first automotive grade ReDriver, supporting USB Type-C alternative mode. This device is on Qualcomm's reference designs for an Infotainment application, which is building tractions for new designs in all regions. To capitalize on the increasing demand for USB Type-C, Diodes released USB power delivery and data line overvoltage protection products, and designed in both Infotainment systems and USB chargers. We also continue to see design wins for our new release DC-DC converters, transistors, and LED drivers for in-vehicle lighting, battery management systems, e-bike, and wireless charger modules that reside in the car console for recharging personal equipment like mobile phones. Additionally, automotive grade Hall sensor product continues strong designing momentum of in Power C applications, while our Super Barrier Rectifiers, Shockley diodes and rectifier has shown solid growth momentum in new design wins with multiple automotive customers across the region.

In the industrial market, we saw the greatest impact from the pandemic with the large number of customer factory shutdowns, primarily in North America and in Europe. We are making every effort to assist our customers in the ongoing global fight against COVID-19 by supporting many medical applications, including diagnostic and tomographic imaging system, such as ultrasound monitors, X-ray systems, and pulse oximeter monitors. Diodes delivered switching diodes product for personal protective equipment used by first responders and healthcare providers, so they can provide excellent care, while still maintaining their own health and safety. Similarly, our MOSFET diodes, Crystals, and Crystal oscillator has been adopted in a number of medical application, ranging from testing equipment to ventilators, especially those to fight COVID-19. We're also pleased to support green factory automation and efficiency improvement effort with our rectifier, bridge rectifier, and protection products in applications, including automated QR scanners, computer numeric control matching equipment and robotics.

Diodes supported our customers on various green energy initiatives, including solar cell system, wind power generator, and the conversion to fully electric vehicles system. In addition, we saw strong momentum for many discrete products and wide VIN LDOs in traditional applications, such as elevators, power supplies, metering, security system, and DC fans. We also saw solid growth for newly released 18-volt DC-DC converter for building automation projects. In the consumer market, we continued to achieve solid growth primarily due to strong in Asia for gaming consoles and IoT devices, like intelligent vacuum cleaners and smart speakers. We also continue to secure increasing design wins for quick chargers and USB Type-C applications, even though the high-end mobile phone market has slowed. Diodes' new AC-DC charger solution are well positioned, as they are capable of supporting USB Type-C power delivering, fast-charging function, and other fast changing protocols.

We have also seen strong demand for rectifier, bridge rectifiers, and standard linear and larger product in home appliance applications, like air conditioning, vacuum cleaners, smart audio systems, dishwashers, dryers, and washing machines, and automated espresso machines. Additionally, demand for larger size monitors, smart TVs, and IP phones is increasing, and as a result, Diode's been expanding tractions for SBR, Shockley, switching diodes, LED drivers, and controllers, automatize for monitor and TV backlight applications. Turning to the communication market, as I mentioned previously, smartphone demand has slowed considerably, as a result of pandemic, contributing to the revenue being down both sequentially and year-over-year. However, video conferencing needs and demand has increased dramatically, as business travel, education, institution, conferences, concert, and exhibition has become virtual globally.

In the high vertical area, PCI Express 2.0 Packet switches are being deployed at the endpoint expansion associated with AI, video, and networking processors. We also saw a wide range of USB Type-C switching and video switching demand for the video conferencing hardware. Additionally, the global rollout with 5G network is beginning to create a substantial increase in demand for our TVS and MOSFET products. Speed upgrades and increasing bandwidth needs are also driving demand for 80-volt to 150-volt performance PMA and 100-volt to 150-volt Ultra-Low RDSL MA in 5G Power Station to save power consumption. Diod saw momentum in both of these areas in the quarter. Our small-size low capacitance in TVS product in the small CFM package provide best-in-class search performance for Gigabit Ethernet based PoE application. Similarly, the smartphone market requires components with same package offer high efficiency and high performance, since power density is a key requirement.

Diodes' products are well suited for this requirement, and we continue to launch new products, leveraging our wafer design, combined with DSM the CSP packaging technology. Our state-of-art MOSFETs for the low switch and battery protection applications are seeing increasing designing activities. In addition, CSU package SBR Shockley product experienced further uptake in battery pack during the quarter. Our Class-C audio amplifier products family has also received multiple design wins in the monitor market for audio application. Additionally, we are seeing increasing demand for high-performance, low switch, with new design wins and volume production in software and PPA applications. Newly released 18-volt DC-DC converters, timing, TVS, and bipolar power transistors are capturing design wins in the networking applications router, switch, and RF antennas.

Lastly, in the computing market revenue increased, as work-from-home mandates drove stronger demand for notebook, motherboard, server, and storage applications, in particular for our Pericom product family. As Dr. Lu mentioned, our Pericom product reached the second highest revenue quarter since the acquisition. In fact, our Clock IC Internet ASIC product reached a record high in the quarter. We also secured a number of new design wins for our high-current LDO product family, power switches, SBR, Shockley product in PC, projector, USB PD, and ATS power applications. The computing segment also continued to drive solid demand for TVS, rectifier, and bridge rectifiers product in display and power supply applications. The power PD 333 package MOSFET, and revenue from this device is also picking up significantly, along with a demand for 600-volt MOSFETs.

In summary, our second quarter results once again demonstrated the resilience of our business and the team's ability to effectively manage through the current environment. We are well positioned with customers and have strong design win momentum across a broadened product portfolio that continues to drive increasing market share and consistent growth for our business.

With that, we'll now open the floor to questions, operator.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you, ma'am. [Operator Instructions] I show our first question comes from the line of Gary Mobley from Wells Fargo Securities. Please go ahead.

Gary Mobley -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Good afternoon, everybody. Thanks for taking my question. Hope everybody's well. I wanted to first start with some questions about Lite-On. And so, you're obviously taking steps to close that acquisition in the second half of the year, but I think maybe some of your most recent comments would indicate that you might get the final approval, regulatory approval, for that acquisition maybe later this month, and then a close perhaps in the October timeframe. Is that still your expectation? And then Lite-On obviously is a publicly traded company, so we can see that the revenue has been trending quite nicely in this COVID environment. But I'm wondering if the profitability assumptions that originally there were that you originally had when you announced the acquisition are still intact. In other words, is it still as accretive as your original expectations?

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, Gary, let me first talking about the status of the antitrust and mention the security approval from the two agency review in China, first so far, we answer, and I always see answer all the questions, which raised it by these two agents. And typically, is when they give a question, then we will give them answer, then come back. Then they will have the review, have the meeting, have the survey. And then for the agent agency, they ask or thy surveyed typically with few more questions, and then again, they the call back to ask us. We'll give them answer, then they will go back to survey the agents. So, that's typically the process. And until today, we have several weeks now to not get any additional questions answered. So, we until today, we believe we answered all the questions they raised. But they still continue survey the other agency to make sure they have no issue for the consolidation; so that's where they are.

Now, we really don't know when they're going to be approved because if they have more question by other review agents, then they will come back to ask us. Then they'll go back to the same group. But only thing that we can say is we don't have any more question answered for several weeks now. So we hope that is a final check, but we don't know. Now, even after they give up the approval, then you go back to Taiwan for the detailed process and you take about two weeks I'm sorry, months of the detailed process. So we cannot even if they give us the answer, let's say, end of this month, we still cannot close the deal until end of October. So that's the process, and that's why we say we're hoping we will close it by end of this year or second half of this year. So that's where the status is. And the second question, I think you were talking about the business, the revenue, right?

Gary Mobley -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

So most of the accretion is expected to come from retiring Diodes shares. But I'm just curious if Lite-On might be more profitable or less profitable, underpinning that original accretion assumption.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Okay. In the past, they actually consolidated the On-Bright business, and On-Bright business is making money. So if you go to look at all the old financial result publication, they show they're making money. But when we make the acquisition, we make an assumption we will not consolidate On-Bright, and On-Bright will be sold out. And therefore, based on that consolidation, I think we already say we don't use the profit mix by AOC as the as the synergy. And we are only looking at, number one, the corporate cost. They would not have the ball. They will not have the corporate entity, so we'll have the synergy, by not accretive by not have the corporate entity, then we'll assume later on when we're able to load in their underloaded manufacturing facility. And that from that, we can get some accretive too. So since they won when we propose to purchase AOC, we do not put in any profit generated by AOC as the synergy or as the accretive factor. And we basically say immediately, short term, we can get with the corporate goals.

Then from long-term, we think one year, we should be able to load in their product by increase the load in from Diodes, and we can pull some of load in incurred into the Diodes our site, loading from site, we can pull in to AOHC that is the synergy of acquiring them within a year. Then from the long-term, over one year, then we can make the equity from product we'd fill their product, we'd design in the major customer. We have use in the product. And there is so many different kinds of synergy. I think I already expressed that. We have four different kinds of synergy. We can get it. So based on that, we believe the AOC deal is pretty accretive for us. We got them from a financial point of view by taking 15% of stock back, and that is a lot of positive to us.

Gary Mobley -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Okay, I appreciate that, Dr. Lu. I want to press you guys a little bit on the opex. And so, based on your guidance for the third quarter, what you've done so far in the first half of the year, it looks like your non-GAAP opex might be up this year, despite what could be maybe a mid single-digit percent revenue decline. And so, maybe if you can speak to what you're doing and what you could be doing to rein in that opex and what some of the sources might be to why it's trending up, specifically quarter-over-quarter in the third quarter.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Actually, if you look at the opex, operational expense, a downturn is really affected by R&D, up and down R&D, and one of the major reasons is because Pericom product using TSMC or using global foundries for the tap out. If you tap out, it's very expensive. It's not like our regular discrete product. Our discrete product, the tap out is very cheap The Pericom product, using very advanced process, each tap out is $0.5 million or more, and that and we do not want to slow down the R&D for Pericom because if you look at Pericom, heading to continue to grow quite well, like Emily talking about, our second quarter actually is the highest or the second highest revenue after we consolidate or after we merge Pericom company. So you can see that the growth is quite well and this is really done by all the new product similar by the Pericom Group. And those new product, the cost for each tap out is quite expensive.

So, it affects us quarterly, sometimes up, sometimes down, and it's just because that R&D cost is a major issue. From the other SG&A portion, we do not really have any plan to increase. It's still the same thing. That's all what we do, is we only grow half of the revenue growth. Now, if the revenue going down like it does, that's our two quarters. We are not taking any action to lay off the people, to reduce that salary. Therefore, our SG&A as percent may be up, but as a total cost, we tried to keep it right. Did that answer your question?

Gary Mobley -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Yes, thank you. And I've taken up the time, so I'll relinquish the floor.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Shawn Harrison from Loop Capital. Please go ahead.

Shawn Harrison -- Loop Capital -- Analyst

Hi, good afternoon everybody and my congratulations on the solid results. Emily or Dr. Lu, I hope you'd be able to comment on the work from home related strength and kind of the IoT connected device strength that you saw in the quarter. Strong growth in the consumer electronics and computing side of it. Just what are you hearing from your customers in terms of the sustainability of that demand in the back half of this year?

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

So, Shawn I think well, nice to talk to you. I think first of all, if we look at the consumer area, so the IoT related, we're talking about the game consoles or the Spore Health Tracker related stuff, we definitely see an upside. And Q3 is usually another stronger quarter for the consumer market, so I think we definitely have confidence that we expect consumer will be other good quarter in Q3. And also, working from home, for the PC and computing area, so we see strong growth in Q2, but we also expect that might slow down a little bit, so we expect probably it's going to be more like a flat quarter for Q3 instead of continue to grow quarter-over-quarter strongly.

Shawn Harrison -- Loop Capital -- Analyst

Very helpful. And then Brett, a question on gross margin. I always thought maybe you would have seen a little stronger uplift here into the September quarter. I wonder if maybe some of the inventory you built in the June quarter here is affecting that, or are there other dynamics such as pricing, or product mix, or anything that's affecting kind of the sequential uplift of the gross margin into the September quarter?

Brett Whitmire -- Chief Financial Officer

Well, one of the things that we are encouraged about is that from a pricing perspective, we're continuing to see the consistency of that, and we are seeing a big thing that's driving our improvement in second quarter was the improvement of our utilization, especially in the assembly test in second quarter after the recovery of the extended Coronavirus impact in first quarter. So we're seeing that, and we're seeing a gradual improvement into third quarter, and that's what we're anticipating. One of the things to keep in mind is that really mid-year last year, the revenue levels we were driving were still significantly higher. And so, we're still not back at that peak level, although we do anticipate that at some point, but just not in the near term

Shawn Harrison -- Loop Capital -- Analyst

Okay, great. Thank you so much, and once again, my congratulations.

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Matt Ramsay from Cowen. Please go ahead.

Matt Ramsay -- Cowen -- Analyst

Yes, thank you very much. Good afternoon, everyone. Dr. Lu, I wonder if you might talk about the strategic rationale for ramping up inventory. We've heard from a lot of your peer companies about strength, particularly out of China and Asia, in terms of end demand, and obviously, their strength from the work from home drivers and the consumer markets that you've mentioned. Some of those just some questions that were asked earlier, the sustainability of that demand in the work from home environment might be something that we can debate. But I imagine if you're taking steps to build inventory, you may see some strength in other markets in Asia that might lend you to do that. So, if you could just talk about the demand environment in Asia, I would really appreciate it. Thank you.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Okay. Maybe just you have several questions, so let me just answer one by one. And then if I forget to answer something else, you can repeat it. From the working at home effect to the operation, fortunately, most our operation is in China and Taiwan. And today, well, even in Europe all the manufacturing are not really affected by China by working from home. It's only engineer or not manufacturing type of people working from home. And from that point of view, most our people is in Asia. Now, Europe, yes, they're affected by working from home. And U.S., yes. But fortunately, majority of our non-manufacturing worker still coming from Taiwan and China, and they are allowed to travel in and allowed just they're limited by customer meetings. That do affect it because I doubt the customer still do not want them to see face to face.

But fortunately, most of our people have been working with the customer for long times. So, they're calling by pick up the phone, by knowing our product. So we really don't see that much effect by the working from home. Then the second question is what is the other one?

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Maybe let me address market segments in Asia. I think that's really your second question, right. So in Asia, definitely we've seen really good, strong recovery momentum, and especially, we talk a little bit about consumer and PC market already. In the communication market, for example, the smartphone and the 5G is definitely going to drive some of the momentum in Q3. So we expect this segment will be seeing good growth. And then for the automotive market, we're also seeing strong momentum recovering in Asia, especially in China.

We also believe industrial, we've seen some of the signs for improvement as well. So that's pretty much in Asia. I think for North America and in Europe, that we have the mandate of shelter in place, and also a lot of factory shutdown. But we're also seeing some, especially in the automotive area, some of the factories slowly recover, even if not to the full capacity, but we definitely see an improvement in that area as well.

Matt Ramsay -- Cowen -- Analyst

Got it. Thank you both for the time. That was really helpful. I guess as a follow-up question on my side, Brett Whitmire, I did want to go back to gross margin. If you guys are ramping up inventory here in the nearer term, might that utilization increase come through in some increase the gross margin in the fourth quarter and into next year? And just how do we think about the pace of that expansion that we should model over the next few quarters? Thank you.

Brett Whitmire -- Chief Financial Officer

Well, I think in terms of what we've been saying on that would be we expected a steady increase as we go from second to third quarter, and that's what we're projecting on that. I think the verdict is still out in terms of transition of third to fourth and into next year on the top line, and generally, the gross margin will track that pretty closely because we've gotten like I said, we're still seeing good strength in the pricing for our products, and really, it's a reflection of the overall utilization in the factories. And so, I think that's how I would look at it in terms of how the margins will track against the revenue stream.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, and additional is product mix because if you look at our automotive and industrial, so we get to the peak last year. We are running almost 35% of our revenue in industrial and automotive. Now, this quarter or second quarter, it went down because automotive and industrial go down. But we believe now, starting from third quarter, automotive, industrial, gradually picking up and, I mean, just mentioned to you, if they are gradually picking up, then that portion of the gross margin will be increased. And so, our overall margin should be continue increase. So two factors. One is the product mix, one is the loading factor. And if we assume because we don't know yet, assume in 4Q seasonality, you might slow down due to seasonality. But that's just history, not necessarily what we're going to see this year. But if even that, then we're hoping the product mix portion, automotive and industrial, will continue, then we're hoping we can continue to improve the gross margin.

Matt Ramsay -- Cowen -- Analyst

Very clear. Thank you both.

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] I show our next question comes from the line of Tristan Gerra from Baird. Please go ahead.

Tristan Gerra -- Baird -- Analyst

Hi, good afternoon.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi. It's Tristan?

Tristan Gerra -- Baird -- Analyst

Yes. Can you hear me?

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes.

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Yes.

Tristan Gerra -- Baird -- Analyst

Hi. Given your commentary that distributor inventories are expected to be within a normal range in Q3, should we assume that the point of sale that you see at your distributors is going to be pretty much in line with the revenue guidance that you provided sequentially? Or is that number going to be little bit different?

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Well, I mean, we Tristan, this is Emily. So, we definitely see a really good momentum for the second quarter on the POS, especially from Asia. So I talk about 15% quarter-over-quarter growth, more than 15%. So we do expect, Q3, we should continue the growth momentum. And part of the POS estimate is into part of our guidance, and that's the reason we are actually guided more than 5% for Q3.

Tristan Gerra -- Baird -- Analyst

Okay. And is the ramp in the automotive for Pericom product pretty recent? Because I know that designs cycles are pretty long. And is that going to be a positive mix catalyst for next year as well? Just trying to look at the duration of that, which is more recent than data center, and the impact on mix. And also, is that incremental content to those Pericom products in the automotive, or is that really share gain versus other suppliers? And if that's the case, then what drove Pericom to actually get the design wins?

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

All Right. So let me address that question. So the design win momentum has been really strong, and you're absolutely right. Design cycle is quite long in the automotive. This is really driven by some of the past effort, like I said, throughout few years. So most of this stuff is actually our new generation of the design and some of the content also are new additional content that we are excited. I think I talked about it talking about the next-generation eight or telematic topology change, and that's really driven some of the new Pericom content and additional Diodes content into the pipeline.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

If you look at overall automotive business, even the market slowed down 30% to 40%. If you look at our 1Q to 2Q revenue, automotive revenue, we are only down about 6%. So you can see this is what the the benefit we have is from longtime design win opportunities.

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Really, on the content expansion right.

Tristan Gerra -- Baird -- Analyst

So that's really incremental in terms of content expansion as opposed to market share shift?

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Right. We always focus on the new applications and the new functions and features. That's really the new strategy carried through Diodes for the last few years. A focus on the total solution and the value-add to the customers.

Tristan Gerra -- Baird -- Analyst

Great, thank you very much.

Operator

Thank you. I show no further questions in the queue. At this time, I'd like to turn the call back to Dr. Keh-Shaw Lu, President and CEO, for closing remarks.

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you for your participation on today's call. We're looking forward to providing an update on our business next quarters. Operator, you may now disconnect.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 51 minutes

Call participants:

Leanne K. Sievers -- Executive Vice President, Investor Relations

Keh-Shew Lu -- Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Brett Whitmire -- Chief Financial Officer

Emily Yang -- Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing

Gary Mobley -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Shawn Harrison -- Loop Capital -- Analyst

Matt Ramsay -- Cowen -- Analyst

Tristan Gerra -- Baird -- Analyst

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