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United States Cellular Corporation (NYSE:USM)
Q4 2020 Earnings Call
Feb 19, 2021, 10:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the TDS and UScellular Fourth Quarter 2020 Conference Call. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to hand the conference over to Jane McCahon. Thank you. Please go ahead, ma'am.

Jane W. McCahon -- Vice President, Corporate Relations and Corporate Secretary

Thank you, Shelby, and good morning. Thank you all for joining us. We wanted to send our continued best wishes out to you and your families and hope that you are all well. I want to make you all aware of the presentation we have prepared to accompany our comments this morning, which you can find on the Investor Relations sections of the TDS and UScellular websites.

With me today and offering prepared comments are from TDS, Pete Sereda, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer; from UScellular, LT Therivel, President and Chief Executive Officer; Doug Chambers, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer; and from TDS Telecom, Jim Butman, President and Chief Executive Officer; and Vicki Villacrez, Senior Vice President of Finance and Chief Financial Officer.

This call is being simultaneously webcast on the TDS and UScellular Investor Relations websites. Please see the websites for slides referred to on this call, including non-GAAP reconciliations. We provide guidance for both adjusted operating income before depreciation and amortization, or OIBDA and adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or EBITDA, to highlight the contributions of UScellular's wireless partnerships.

TDS and UScellular filed their SEC forms 8-K, including the press releases and forms 10-K yesterday. As shown on Slide 2, the information set forth in the presentation and discussed during this call contains statements about expected future events and financial results that are forward-looking and subject to risks and uncertainties. Please review the safe harbor paragraphs in our press releases and the extended version included in our SEC filings.

In terms of our upcoming IR schedule, Slide 3, we will be virtually attending the Raymond James Institutional Investors Conference on March 2, the Morgan Stanley TMT Conference on March 4, and the Deutsche Bank Media, Internet & Telecom Conference on March 9. And our open-door policy obviously is now more of an open phone or an open video policy, so please reach out to us, if you'd like a meeting.

Before turning the call over, I want to remind everyone that due to the FCC's anti-collusion rules related to Auction 107, which are still in effect, we will not be responding to any questions relating to that auction.

And now, I'd like to turn the call over to Pete Sereda. Pete?

Peter L. Sereda -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Jane, and good morning, everyone. I'm going to make some brief comments about the balance sheet and our funding position. But before doing so, I'd like to recognize the impressive operational and financial results of both businesses in 2020. It is these results that give us the confidence to invest back into the businesses.

As we've discussed on past calls, maintaining financial flexibility is one of the pillars of our corporate strategy. Over the years, we've worked to retain relatively low leverage levels, long-dated debt maturities, sufficient undrawn revolving credit facilities, and significant cash balances, while at the same time making sure we have the financial resources we need to fund our businesses.

As you can see on Slide 4, at year-end, TDS continue to have a good financial position, including ample available funding sources consisting of cash and cash equivalents, available revolving credit facilities, undrawn term loans and undrawn portions of our EIP securitization facility. UScellular and TDS Telecom are both currently in investment cycles, with UScellular investing in network modernization, 5G and spectrum, and TDS Telecom aggressively investing in out-of-territory fiber. Given this, we were very busy last year raising new capital and locking in committed sources of capital.

At UScellular, we executed on two $500 million bond transactions, increased the size of our term loan in EIP securitization program, and extended the term of our revolver. At TDS, we put in place a new term loan and extended our revolver. These financings put us in a position to largely fund our capital plans for 2021. Nevertheless, we will continue to look for opportunities to lock down additional financing during 2021 to satisfy future funding needs, especially our fiber program, reduce the cost of our balance sheet and otherwise adjust our balance sheet. We believe that we have access to a wide range of potential debt and debt-like securities.

I also want to highlight that in 2020, the CARES Act provided a unique opportunity to carry back tax losses from 2020 against profits made in prior years when the federal tax rates were 35%, which is 14% higher than the current rate. To take advantage of this, among other actions, we accelerated some capital spending from 2021 into 2020. The net effect of all this activity was an expected cash refund of approximately $180 million, the majority of which we expect to receive in the first half of 2021, which includes a permanent tax benefit of $60 million. For GAAP accounting purposes, this yielded an unusually low effective tax rate of 6.4%.

TDS continues to return value to its shareholders primarily through dividends, as we again raised our dividend, representing the 47th consecutive year that we have increased it. In sum, we are in a financially solid position to take advantage of growth opportunities in each of our businesses.

I will now turn the call over to LT.

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Pete, and good morning, everyone. I'm really pleased to talk with all of you this morning. We're going to cover not just our strong results for the fourth quarter and all of 2020, but we'll also lay out our plans and objectives for 2021. So, I've been here long enough now to understand that this is a heck of a company and we have a lot of potential and we have the culture and we have the assets to seize the opportunities in front of us. I'm looking forward to discussing that with all of you today.

If we flip to Page 6, just to state the obvious, 2020 was a challenging year. I think it underscored not just the strength and resilience of our company, but just how essential our services are basically to society. I think the entire industry has stepped up to the challenge of 2020. And I think that the public views us very differently than they did before the pandemic. And I think this will have lasting benefits. Operationally, pandemic led to significant increased demand in the network. We saw over 50% increases in data usage year-over-year.

On the flip side, we saw decreased store activity. Our traffic was down almost 30% in the fourth quarter, and that's just a little bit less impact than the retail industry in general over that same time period. I'm really proud about how our team responded. As you'll see in the numbers that Doug is going to go through, we recorded very low levels of churn. It's proof that our network team continues to deliver outstanding experience. We also posted strong subscriber numbers, proof that our sales teams are doing the most with the available opportunities.

Most importantly, we've worked hard to ensure the safety of our associates and our customers. Just to put a little bit of detail behind that, employees whose jobs can be performed remotely are working from home. We do consistent enhanced cleanings of our facilities, all of our associates have PPE that they are worn during customer interactions, we have a daily health check for all of our associates, and we continue to require social distancing and mask wearing in all of our Company facilities and that includes our stores.

We reported a strong year with improved subscriber and financial results. And Doug is going to provide some more details in a moment, but just at a high level, we maintained low postpaid churn, we grew postpaid net adds. Service revenues were increased, driven mostly by an increase in postpaid ARPU. Cash expenses decreased as a result of favorable bad debt expense and continued expense discipline. We realized increased income from our equity method investments and all of that together drove adjusted EBITDA to increase 5% year-over-year.

As I mentioned earlier, we experienced a 54% year-over-year increase in daily usage, but we managed our systems operations expenses to only a 3% year-over-year increase. We also completed our VoLTE rollout in the fourth quarter. We ended the year with 5G capability at 24% of our cell sites. And those cell sites handle 50% of our overall traffic. By the end of the first quarter of this year, we'll have 5G service in at least a portion of every single one of our markets.

Let's turn the page to Slide 7. 2020 has placed us in a strong position. We've got great sales and profitability momentum. And so our strategic imperatives for 2021 are pretty simple, you need to drive growth. We've adopted a regional model to be more agile, respond better to our customers, and execute more market-specific promotions. We'll also be enhancing our digital capabilities to provide better lifecycle management, targeting and messaging.

We're also placing increased emphasis on the prepaid in the B2B segments and we currently under index on those and I've mentioned those growth areas in previous calls. Our long-term goal is to improve return on capital. We have a fairly clear mission for our organization. And that's to connect our customers to the things that matter most to them. Executing on that mission requires investment.

As you'll see when Doug goes through our capital plans, we need to expand our return on capital in order to optimize that investment. We'll be pulling every lever at our disposal to improve return over time. You can expect to see revenue growth, coupled with expense discipline, as well as capital optimization. That approach will not be limited to our wireless operating business. We'll also be looking to optimize the significant value that exists within our broader asset portfolio, that includes our towers, spectrum and our partnerships.

Network performance continues to be a hallmark of our strategy. We'll be continuing our network modernization program and the multi-year 5G deployment. We will begin to deploy our millimeter wave spectrum in order to offer fixed-wireless access. We're starting with three test markets. That will give us some valuable learnings as we look to rollout this high speed product to additional markets in our footprint.

One of the factors that drew me to UScellular is that this company is built on the foundation of bringing connectivity to the underserved. You can expect to see us working with regulators and partners in the industry to continue to work toward ensuring that all Americans have access to high-quality and affordable communication services. It's important to note that I view this issue as separate from encouraging 5G deployment. As an industry, we need to focus on 5G leadership for America. We also need to make sure we're bridging the digital divide, and those two issues are not always synonymous.

We'll continue to focus on culture development. We have an amazing culture at UScellular, but we have to continue to emphasize diversity, equity and inclusion efforts to ensure that we remain a fantastic place to work. Finally, I want to take you back to the first bullet on this page. When it comes to pandemic, I'm optimistic there is a light at the end of the tunnel, but we have to remain vigilant and we have to remain focused on keeping our customers and associates safe. And so before I turn the call over to Doug, I want to thank all of our teams for their hard work and their ongoing commitment to our customers. We had a lot of challenges in 2020. But in spite of all those, it was a very successful year for UScellular and I'm really excited about what we're going to accomplish together in 2021

Let me pass it over to Doug.

Douglas W. Chambers -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Good morning. Let me touch briefly on postpaid connections results during the fourth quarter shown on Slide 8. Postpaid handset gross additions decreased due to lower switching activity and decreased store traffic due primarily to the impacts of COVID-19. This decrease was partially mitigated by increased demand for connected devices. Total smartphone connections increased by 47,000 over the course of the past 12 months. That helps to drive more service revenue, given that smartphone ARPU is about $21 higher than feature phone ARPU.

As mentioned, we saw connected device gross additions increase by 12,000 year-over-year. This was driven by gross additions of hotspots, routers and fixed wireless devices, as a result of an increase in demand by customers seeking wireless products to meet their need for remote connectivity due to the impacts of COVID-19. During Q4, we saw an average year-over-year decline in store traffic of around 30% related to the impacts of COVID-19. The decrease in store traffic had a negative impact on gross additions, although connected device activity remained stronger than the prior year.

Next, I want to comment on the postpaid churn rate shown on Slide 9. Currently, as you would expect, churn on both handsets and connected devices is running at low levels. Postpaid handset churn, depicted by the blue bars, was 1.01%, down from 1.11% a year ago. This was due primarily to lower switching activity as customers' shopping behaviors were altered due to the pandemic.

The FCC Keep Americans Connected Pledge ended on June 30. And about 60% of the customers that were on the pledge at June 30 are actively paying. Our churn was not materially impacted by the pledge in the fourth quarter or the full-year 2020. Total postpaid churn, combining handsets and connected devices, was 1.21% for the fourth quarter of 2020, also lower than a year ago. Now let's turn to the financial results on Slide 10. Total operating revenues for the fourth quarter were $1.073 billion, a modest increase year-over-year. Retail service revenues increased by $17 million to $683 million. The increase was primarily due to a higher average revenue per user, which I will discuss in a moment.

Inbound roaming revenue was $33 million. That was a decrease of $9 million year-over-year, driven by a decrease in data volume. One of the factors contributing to this data volume decrease is the merger of Sprint and T-Mobile and the migration of Sprint roaming traffic to T-Mobile's network. Other service revenues were $60 million, an increase of $5 million year-over-year, partially due to a 9% increase in tower rental revenues. Finally, equipment sales revenues increased by $8 million year-over-year due to an increase in average revenue per unit for new smartphones, partially offset by lower accessory sales.

Now a few more comments about postpaid revenue shown on Slide 11. Average revenue per user or connection was $47.51 for the fourth quarter, up $0.94 or 2% year-over-year. On a per account basis, average revenue grew by $3.88, or 3% year-over-year. The increases were driven by several factors, including increased device protection revenues, an increase in regulatory recovery revenues and having proportionately fewer tablet connections, which on a per unit basis contribute less revenue than smartphones.

Turning to Slide 12. As we continue our multi-year network modernization and 5G rollout, control of our towers remains very important. By owning our towers, we ensure we maintain the operational flexibility to add new equipment and make other changes to our cell sites without incurring additional costs, which is very important, particularly when you're going through a technology evolution. While the towers support our network strategy, we also recognize that they are valuable and provide a financing alternative which we evaluate along with our other financing options.

As you can see on the slide, with the assistance of our third-party marketing agreement, we have seen steady growth in our tower rental revenues. Fourth quarter tower rental revenues increased by 9% year-over-year. We will continue to focus on growing revenues from these strategic assets.

Moving to Slide 13, I want to comment on adjusted operating income before depreciation, amortization and accretion and gains and losses. To keep things simple, I'll refer to this measure as adjusted operating income. As shown at the bottom of the slide, adjusted operating income was $178 million, a decrease of 2% year-over-year. As I commented earlier, total operating revenues were $1.073 billion, a 2% increase year-over-year.

Total cash expenses were $895 million, increasing $24 million or 3% year-over-year. Total system operations expense increased year-over-year. Excluding roaming expense, system operations expense increased by 7%, driven partially by costs associated with our network modernization and 5G deployment, including higher maintenance and support costs for network operations, higher cell site rent expense and an increase in costs to decommission network assets. Note that total system usage grew by 36% year-over-year.

Roaming expense increased $3 million, or 9% year-over-year, due to a 68% increase in off-net data usage, partially offset by lower data rates. Cost of equipment sold increased $14 million, or 5% year-over-year, due primarily to an increase in the average cost per unit for new smartphones, partially offset by a decrease in accessory sales.

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $4 million, or 1% year-over-year, driven primarily by a decrease in bad debts expense. Bad debts expense decreased $10 million, due to lower write-offs, driven by fewer non-pay customers as a result of a better credit mix and improved customer payment behavior. Also contributing to the decrease was lower advertising expense due to reduced sponsorship expense from canceled events related to COVID-19.

Turning to Slide 14 and adjusted EBITDA, which starts with adjusted operating income and incorporates the earnings from our equity method investments along with interest and dividend income. Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was $222 million, flat year-over-year. Equity and earnings of unconsolidated entities increased by $4 million, or 11%.

Now let's turn to Slide 15, where we show our full year financial results. Total operating revenues were $4 billion, a modest increase year-over-year. This was driven by an increase in retail service revenues due to higher average revenue per user, partially offset by a decline in the average postpaid subscriber base. Also contributing to the increase were higher tower rental revenues and miscellaneous other service revenues. These increases were partially offset by decreases in inbound roaming revenues and equipment sales.

Total cash expenses were $3.2 billion, a decrease of $29 million year-over-year. This was due primarily to a decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses, driven by decreases in bad debts expense and advertising expense. Also contributing to the decrease was lower cost of equipment sold. Such factors were partially offset by an increase in system operations expense. System operations expense increased by 3%, despite a 54% increase in total system usage on our network and a 59% increase in off-network data usage. Adjusted operating income and adjusted EBITDA grew by 5%.

Next, I want to cover our guidance for the full -year 2021. For comparison, we're showing our 2020 actual results. Our guidance assumes that COVID-19 does not cause any significant incremental economic consequences that would negatively impact our business. As such, COVID-19 financial impacts consistent with those experienced in the second half of 2020 have been contemplated in establishing the assumptions used in developing our financial guidance.

For total service revenues, we expect a range of approximately $3.025 billion to $3.125 billion. This reflects our expectation of low single-digit growth in billed revenues and ongoing pressure with respect to inbound roaming revenues as legacy Sprint roaming traffic continues to decline and other carriers take measures to manage their roaming traffic.

We expect adjusted operating income to be within a range of $800 million to $950 million, and adjusted EBITDA within a range of $975 million to $1.125 billion. This guidance reflects our estimates for moderate growth in both revenues and cash expenses. Cash expenses are impacted by estimated increases in loss on equipment due to a higher expected transaction volume and bad debts, as this expense trends toward pre-pandemic levels.

For capital expenditures, the estimate is in a range of $775 million to $875 million. This reflects our expectation of lower network capital spend. We have provided a breakdown by major category for our 2020 and estimated 2021 capital expenditures. We were able to pull some network spend forward into 2020 from 2021, and completed our VoLTE deployment, which contributed to the decrease in expected 2021 capital expenditures compared to 2020.

I will now turn the call over to Jim Butman. Jim?

Jim Butman -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Doug, and good morning, everyone. I'm pleased to speak to you about our progress on our growth strategies by sharing some of our accomplishments during the past year.

Overall, Telecom had an outstanding year. Our highest priority, much like UScellular, has been to keep our employees and customers safe during the pandemic. This required quick actions, sound judgments and a significant number of new protocols to service our customers, creativity on the part of our sales and marketing teams and flexibility across the entire organization.

Despite the many challenges we had to overcome, we grew revenues 5% and reinvested savings from operational efficiencies into our growth initiatives, while still modestly improving adjusted EBITDA. The pandemic continues to confirm the importance of high-speed Internet and how important our investments have been to serve all of our customers. We continue to remain focused on expanding and upgrading our broadband services. We see the opportunity to work with industry allies, seeking additional support to improve Internet for our rural customers to help bridge the digital divide.

We have been extremely active in deploying fiber by investing a $130 million during 2020. In addition to the expansion of fiber-to-the-home infrastructure, we connected over 67,000 service addresses to our network, bringing total fiber addresses to 307,000, both in existing markets and our growing expansion markets. We have moved new markets from the planning stage to construction, and have been very pleased with our pre-launch registrations and orders.

It is critical to build these fiber networks and connect subscribers quickly to stay in front of potential competitors. We have an active pipeline of identified markets and a tested game plan to plant our flags in new markets that will expand our out-of-territory footprint even further. We had strong broadband sales across both our wireline and cable markets. We continue to improve our broadband products in terms of speed, capacity and reliability. As a result, we have continued to see increased market share. We have augmented this success with the launch of our TDS TV+ offering across our wireline IPTV markets and cable markets. I'm really pleased with our next generation video platform. It enhances the customer experience by combining linear and non-linear programming and enabling personalized content recommendations, while adding user interfaces to mobile devices. As a bundle, these products provide a best-in-class customer experience and help us to increase our broadband market share.

Equally important is our focus on operating lean. Through system and process improvements, we are taking costs out of our legacy business, so we can redeploy those savings into our growth initiatives. We achieved significant cost savings in 2020. We curtailed spending due to the uncertainty of the pandemic and achieved savings through our aggressive supply chain management. We also accelerated self-serve capabilities and preventative network maintenance, which reduced truck rolls and calls into our call center.

In our fourth year of investment under the A-CAM program, we spent $30 million and have exceeded our subscriber gross add and revenue projections for the year. We met our year-four A-CAM obligations for reportable locations in all, but two states, where we have taken measures to address this shortfall. Finally, we have successfully integrated the Continuum acquisition that closed on December 31, 2019. We are upgrading the existing plant to DOCSIS 3.1, and are deploying fiber in neighborhoods not previously built. The financial results have been in line with our expectations, confirming our desire to pursue opportunistic cable acquisitions.

Now turning to slides 19 and 20. Our 2021 strategic priorities remain focused on growth and continuous improvement. Our goal for the year is to generate overall revenue growth of around 3%, with new market growth offsetting wireline commercial and wholesale erosion and cable continuing its strong performance. We plan to deliver 150,000 new fiber service addresses by the end of 2021, more than doubling last year's address delivery and increasing our wireline footprint by nearly 20%. Within our markets, we expect to continue to increase our broadband market share and improve our product offerings to increase ARPU.

We continue to be bullish on our fiber strategy. Fiber is the most economical long-term solution to deliver the best broadband experience. Selecting the right markets remains key. And while we have an attractive funnel of markets identified, we continually refine our selection process with new learnings. Our marketing and sales techniques enable us to effectively market at the neighborhood level. This gives us tremendous flexibility over timing and execution to consistently target a high broadband take rate.

Our strategy to cluster markets is critical, as it gives us economies of scale and better returns over time. Additionally, our strategy capitalizes on strong macroeconomic trends, such as growing work-at-home environments, strong population migrations in our chosen markets, favorable advances in technology that support our platform, and bipartisan support for rural broadband funding.

In closing, I want to highlight our most powerful resource. It's the strength, resiliency and talent of our people and their proven ability to execute our focused strategy. Fostering diversity, equity and inclusion in our teams makes us even stronger. Our team may not be the largest in the industry, however, they are highly motivated to compete and win.

And now, I'd like to turn it over to Vicki.

Vicki L. Villacrez -- Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer

Okay. Thank you, Jim, and good morning, everyone.

Let me begin by highlighting our consolidated financial results for the quarter, as shown on Slide 21. Revenues increased 6% from the prior year, as growth from our fiber expansions, increases in broadband subscribers and the Continuum cable acquisition exceeded the declines we experienced in our legacy business. Cash expenses increased 8%, due to additional spending from our growth initiatives and increases in facility maintenance. Adjusted EBITDA declined 2% to $74 million. Capital expenditures increased to $147 million, as we continue to increase our investment in fiber deployment and success-based spend. I will cover our total fiber program more in detail in a moment, but for now, let's turn to our segments beginning with wireline on Slide 22.

Broadband residential connections grew 9% in the quarter, as we continue to fortify our network with fiber and expand into new markets. From a broadband speed perspective, we are offering up to 1 gig broadband speeds in our fiber markets as 13% of our wireline customers are taking this product where offered.

Across our wireline residential base, including our new out-of-territory markets, 40% of broadband customers are taking 100 megabit speeds or greater compared to 33% a year ago, helping to drive a 5% increase in average residential revenue per connection. Wireline residential video connections grew 8%. And at the same time, we expanded our IPTV markets to 55, up from 40 a year ago.

Video remains important to our customers. Approximately 40% of our broadband customers in our IPTV markets take video. Our strategy is to increase this metric as we expand into new markets that value these services and through our new TDS TV+ product. Our IPTV services in total cover 41% of our wireline footprint today, leaving opportunity to further leverage our investment in video.

Slide 23 shows the progress we are making this year on our multi-year fiber footprint expansion, which includes fiber into existing markets and also out-of-territory fiber builds. As a result of this strategy, over the last several years, 307,000 or 36% of our wireline service addresses are now served by fiber, which is up from 30% a year ago. This is driving revenue growth, while also expanding the total wireline footprint 7% to 845,000 service addresses.

We recently announced our expansion of fiber into the city of Boise, Idaho and the Fox Cities, several communities centered around Appleton, Wisconsin. These additional markets bring our fiber program, which began in 2019, to 430,000 service addresses, which will expand our total footprint -- our total fiber footprint to 620,000 service addresses by 2024. We continue to be pleased with overall take rates, which are generally exceeding expectations in the areas we have launched to date. We are expecting our fiber service address delivery to double in 2021.

Now looking at our wireline financial results on Slide 24. Total revenues increased 1% to $173 million, largely driven by the strong growth in residential revenues, which increased 8% due to growth from broadband and video connections as well as growth from within the broadband product mix, partially offset by a 2% decrease in residential voice connections. Commercial revenues decreased 8% to $37 million in the quarter, primarily driven by lower CLEC connections. Wholesale revenues decreased 3% to $46 million due to certain state USF timing support.

In wireline, cash expenses increased 3% on higher video programming fees, maintenance expense and advertising, partially offset by the capitalization of new modems previously expensed. In total, wireline adjusted EBITDA decreased 8% to $50 million.

Moving to cable on Slide 25. Cable total revenues increased, due to the acquisition of Continuum and increased broadband connections. Total cable connections grew 2% to 379,000, driven by 8% increase in total broadband connections. Broadband penetration continued to increase, up 200 basis points to 46%.

On Slide 26, total cable revenues increased 18% to $76 million, driven in part by the acquisition. Without the acquisition, cable revenues grew 9%, driven by growth in broadband connections for both residential and commercial customers. Our focus on broadband connection growth and fast reliable service has generated a 27% increase in total residential broadband revenue, including organic growth of $5 million or 18%. Also driving the revenue change is a 6% increase in average residential revenue per connection, driven by higher-value product mix and price increases.

Cash expenses increased 19%, including those from the acquisition, or 12% excluding acquisition due to increased employee expense. As a result, cable adjusted EBITDA increased 14% to $23 million in the quarter. Before I move to guidance, let me summarize our consolidated financial results for the full year, as shown on Slide 27. Revenues increased 5%, about half of which was due to the cable acquisition. Cash expense also increased 5%, again, mostly due to the acquisition, but also as we redeploy spending from our legacy businesses to our growth initiatives and expansion into new markets. Adjusted EBITDA grew 1% from last year to $317 million.

On Slide 28, we provided guidance for 2021. We are forecasting total Telecom revenues of $975 million to $1.025 billion in 2021, compared to $976 million in 2020. This reflects our goal of 3% top line growth, driven by continued improvements in both the wireline and cable segments. This includes contributions from our new fiber markets growing to $22 million in 2020 to nearly $50 million in 2021, offsetting declines in the legacy parts of our business.

The increase in revenue will contribute to an adjusted EBITDA that we expect will be between $290 million to $320 million in 2021, compared to $317 million in 2020. Increases in fiber expansion costs are expected to outpace cost reductions made in other areas of our business, as we expect to more than double our service address delivery in 2021 compared to 2020.

Capital expenditures are expected to be between $425 million and $475 million in 2021 compared to $368 million in 2020. Wireline capex guidance includes $240 million for fiber deployments, nearly double our 2020 spending as well as nearly $90 million in success-based spending in both wireline and cable and approximately $25 million for the A-CAM program.

And with that, I'll now turn the call back over to Jane McCahon. Jane?

Jane W. McCahon -- Vice President, Corporate Relations and Corporate Secretary

Thanks, Vicki. And Shelby, we are ready to take questions.

Questions and Answers:

Jane W. McCahon -- Vice President, Corporate Relations and Corporate Secretary

[Operator Instructions] Your first question is from Phil Cusick of JPMorgan.

Phil Cusick -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Hi guys. Thanks. I'm sitting here thinking about the Company overall. And LT, I thought it was interesting you discussed improving return on capital in the business. But scale at UScellular seems to remain a huge challenge, as evidenced, I think, by having to follow AT&T promotions and upgrades over the holidays. Can you dig into more of how this is going to work? Getting the asset base down seems like a good start, and you hinted at optimizing the portfolio including towers, but then, you went on to talk about how important they are. Maybe expand on that, getting the -- maybe the denominator down. But how do you improve the numerator in what seems like otherwise a huge investment cycle at both businesses? Thanks.

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Phil. So, I'll touch on two items that maybe get at what you're talking about. So the first, if you think numerator, I think we've seen some meaningful improvement from a subscriber momentum perspective. And obviously, it's going to -- we have to keep that going. And it's going to take several quarters, several years to have meaningful, let's call it, step change improvement in the subscriber portion of the numerator. But if I just look at, for example, our win share in the fourth quarter, we've seen attractive win share. We've seen meaningful improvements in win share and we've done that without needing to really drive massive promotional activity, let's call it, differential or different from usual fourth quarters. So what I mean by that is we've been in the marketplace with no hidden requirements message that's resonated with customers. Our pricing is at a similar place as it's been to the AT&Ts and the Verizons of the world. But customers like that no hidden requirements message, and they've gravitated toward it. So, I think we have the opportunity to move the needle on subscribers. I talked about B2B, I talked about prepaid. I think those are two other areas where we have a meaningful opportunity to improve subscriber momentum. And so, I do think there is opportunity to continue to grow scale on the subscriber side.

And then from an asset optimization perspective, we talked about the towers. I'll give you an example there. So I think that by managing our towers a bit more, let's call it, an independent business, and that doesn't mean separating it, before you guys ask me about that, but trying to manage it as an independent business for the sake of the profitability of the tower portfolio, I think we've got some opportunities there. And let me give you a specific, right. We are in the middle of talking to a variety of potential co-locators. And because we are both owners of the towers and tenants on those towers, we have the opportunity to share some assets that other pure-play tower operators don't.

So for example, if you're interested in co-locating on our towers, we can share a shelter space. We can potentially share generator space. And both of those are opportunities that I think by having those assets in our portfolio, they give us an opportunity to provide a differentiated service to, in this case, a customer that would be a customer of our tower portfolio. So I do see some meaningful opportunities to improve scale, both on, let's call it, the numerator, as well as the denominator. And that's going to drive that return on capital expansion that we're targeting.

Phil Cusick -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you. And then one quick one. Can you quantify the Sprint roaming revenue risk and how much more is there to go? How much has T-Mobile transitioned already?

Douglas W. Chambers -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Yeah. So this is Doug Chambers. So they did a transition quite a bit in 2020. There is still more to go. Sprint comprises currently about 20% of the roaming traffic. We don't expect all that to go away. Some transitioning over to T-Mobile's network, other will be subject to roaming agreements we have with them as a carrier. So, we are projecting roaming revenue in total to go down from 2020 to 2021, and that is one of the larger components of that.

Phil Cusick -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Got it. Thank you very much.

Operator

Your next question is from Ric Prentiss of Raymond James.

Ric Prentiss -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Yeah, good morning.

Jane W. McCahon -- Vice President, Corporate Relations and Corporate Secretary

Good morning, Ric.

Ric Prentiss -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Hey. I want to follow-up Phil's questions there a little bit. Always good to follow, Phil. The -- any thoughts about reporting the tower segment separately? You mentioned running it or managing it as an independent business. We've seen other operators like Shenandoah create relationships between its tower segment and its wireless segment to let people focus on the large value of the tower business. So any thoughts about actually breaking into the accounting and having it be a separate reporting segment?

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

We've evaluated that, Ric. At least right now, that's not a direction that we're going to go. I think there's meaningful synergies back and forth between both operating groups. I mean, certainly, Mike and the network team get benefited from us owning the towers. And I talked about Austin Summerford, who is running the tower portfolio. He clearly gets benefited from Mike and the network team being a tenant. And so, no, at least right now, we do not intend to separate the reporting out. Beyond, we have tried to be a bit more transparent, certainly in the slides that we provide to you guys, and we'll continue to do that in terms of giving you some snapshots about how the tower rental revenues are doing. We'll continue to do that in future reports, but that's about the extent of separation that we're planning on doing.

Ric Prentiss -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Okay. And then I know Slide 4 had a nice little footnote in there about subsequent events. Is there anything else going on besides the C-band auction that might be happening in that $1.46 billion number mentioned in the footnote on Slide 4? And how much cash do you want to actually like and prefer to keep on UScellular's balance sheet kind of just on a normal course to run the business?

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Pete can...

Peter L. Sereda -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

So let me jump...

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Chime in on that. Yeah, so I make sure that I don't say anything that I'm not supposed to say.

Peter L. Sereda -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, Ric, we really can't talk about the details of what's in that footnote. We're subject to the anti-collusion rules. So I think I'm just going to let that stand the way it is. I mean, we put the disclosure in to put context around the available sources. That's about as far as we can talk about that.

Ric Prentiss -- Raymond James -- Analyst

And then as far as how much cash you'd like to keep on UScellular's balance sheet as you kind of day -in, day-out run the business?

Peter L. Sereda -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Well, historically, we've -- UScellular has higher daily swings of cash balances than TDS Telecom has. So historically, we've had cash balances of -- a minimum of about -- I think it's about $100 million to $150 million. We can go higher than that from time to time, if we -- depending on financing opportunities. You've seen that last year we were very opportunistic in our financing. We did a $500 million bond deal in August, and left the cash on the balance sheet, but we were doing a lot -- we had to do a lot of prefunding last year. So, we don't expect to do a lot of financing activity in 2021, because -- especially UScellular, just because we've funded most of our needs for the year.

Ric Prentiss -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Makes sense. And last one for me. I think, Doug, you were talking about on the service revenue guidance that the billable side -- the billed side would be low single digit, which seems similar to maybe what the AT&T and Verizon Wireless guidance have been. But maybe just give us a little background, what's built into those assumptions? What kind of competitive environment, switcher pool, promotional activity that could affect ARPU as well and seasonality? So just kind of wrapping all into it, what are you thinking in that '21 guidance in that billable side?

Douglas W. Chambers -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Yeah, it's really somewhat back to normal. Assuming a normal switcher pool, we're seeing in our footprint, switcher pool already increasing year-over-year in the early part of 2021. Promotional environment, I mean, it was highly competitive in 2020. We're looking for that to just continue into 2021. So nothing in the way of significant increases or decreases with respect to that. And just somewhat of a normal -- return to normal with respect to -- the factors that contribute to ARPU, and customer adds. So that's how we're thinking about it.

Ric Prentiss -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Okay. Thanks guys.

Operator

Your next question is from Simon Flannery of Morgan Stanley.

Simon Flannery -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Great. Thank you very much. Good morning. LT, just coming back to the opportunity to drive returns. You talked about increasing digital capabilities. You talked about lower store traffic. Can you just give us a sense of how the model will look as we come out of COVID, your ability to drive more things like phone sales activations, care to digital channels, and maybe review your retail footprint and other large expense items?

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Simon. So I think that the move to digital that has been driven by the pandemic is lasting, right. So maybe in the past, there could have been people in our industry that would try to claim that managing your phone bill, managing your account is not something that people want to do digitally. And I think you need to take that opinion and throw it in the trash. The expectation of customers is that you have a compelling digital experience, and I think that's going to be lasting. And I don't think that's going to vary by demographic. I don't think that's just only a young person thing anymore or an urban person thing anymore, it's lasting.

So what does that mean for us? I think that the switching -- the activity of switching is still something that the preponderance of customers, at least for the next couple of years, are going to want to do in a physical store. And so, I think that the opportunity to have physical distribution remains. I'm still a fan of physical distribution, but I do think that the make-up of our stores is going to change over time. And so, what you can expect to see is smaller stores. I think the days of massive footprints and deep experiential type of stores is over. And so, I do think that our stores will get smaller, but I think there still remains a meaningful role for physical retail, certainly when it comes to driving switching.

From a digital perspective, then, the digital experience has to focus on customer lifecycle management. And so, what we have to get comfortable with and we have to align our incentives around is that it is perfectly acceptable for a customer to walk into our store, switch over from one of our competitors, and then we never see them again inside of a store, and they interact exclusively with our digital experience. We're seeing that. So, we see meaningful increases, both in terms of gross adds, as well as total percentage of transactions that are being done digitally. We saw that Q3 and Q4, certainly over the pandemic, none of that's a surprise. That being said, our percentage of those transactions is still below where I think it needs to be.

And quite candidly, the experience that we provide to our customers is not as good as it needs to be. When you look at the scores that we receive in the app store, they're not great. And so, I think that we have significant upside, if we're able to actually develop, and I have a firm belief that we will, if we're able to develop that customer life cycle management capability digitally, I expect to see a substantive amount of transactions move to digital. And along with that, you can start to expect to see cost opportunities on the care side of our business that we can bring down and we can start to optimize our store footprint, so that -- so we can also take cost out of that piece of the business without necessarily bringing down total points of distribution. So hopefully, that you gives you a bit of an idea about how I'm thinking about it. I think it's a substantive opportunity, but mainly on life cycle management. Where will that reflect? Think, churn reduction, think ARPU expansion being done digitally.

Simon Flannery -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Great. Yeah, that makes sense. And then a quick question on the TDS side. We've seen a lot of focus in Washington on the digital divide. There's a lot of focus on potential money for -- within an infrastructure bill. Any color on your ability to maybe tap into some of those funding sources to help finance some of the fiber builds? Or even the fixed wireless?

Jim Butman -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So, Simon, good morning. Thank you. So, we're working on extending the A-CAM program. We're working with industry allies, and we're feeling pretty good. This isn't really something that would cost the government, it would just extend it. So we're looking at a six-year extension there. We keep looking at, would there be any funding for our fiber builds. Likely not, but we keep looking for it, right. And the reason is the focus is generally in unserved areas, and we're bringing -- where we're competing on the fiber builds, there's already a cable provider there. We're very realistic. But we're bringing just a much better network and a much better experience, but not likely for those markets. There was another program coming out to help low income. We already have a nice program to make sure we support low-income providers, but that's generally the focus.

Simon Flannery -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

All right. Thank you very much.

Operator

Your next question is from Michael Rollins of Citi.

Michael Rollins -- Citi -- Analyst

Thanks, and good morning. Just a couple of follow-ups and a separate question. First follow-up is, just thinking about the revenue opportunities for the wireless business in the future, are you able to size the dollars from expanding the addressable market, whether it's doing fixed wireless access, whether you're considering some edge-out in the footprint, just to sort of size the opportunity relative to the current base of revenues, from any new initiatives that you may have? Secondly, just a question on the TDS Telecom side. Can you frame the total number of service addresses you have today when you include all of the cable assets and the telecom assets and how that total number expands over the next few years with the fiber program? And then finally, in the 10-K, there was a comment that I saw in there that mentioned the Los Angeles SMSA Limited partnership or LA Partnership, is discussing a risk to cash flow, if you could discontinue or significantly reduce distributions compared to historical levels. And was curious if you received any indications or you have any expectation that the LA Partnership may do that in 2021? Thanks.

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Mike. We'll tackle those questions in reverse order. So I'll let Doug comment on the LA Partnership. Then Jim or Vicki, if you guys want to tackle the service addresses, and then I'll close talking about the potential sizing of incremental revenue. So Doug, do you want to talk to LA, to start?

Douglas W. Chambers -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Yeah, right. Mike. So, the LA distribution, that's a perpetual risk. We don't control that. And currently, we're receiving the distribution. We have no indication that it's going to stop or be reduced in any way. However, at the same time, we don't control that. And historically, there has been times where it has paused for a period of time or been reduced. So it's just a risk that's out there, but nothing that is imminent at this point.

Michael Rollins -- Citi -- Analyst

Thanks.

Jane W. McCahon -- Vice President, Corporate Relations and Corporate Secretary

Vicki, did you want to take those service address questions?

Vicki L. Villacrez -- Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer

You bet. So just to frame total -- the total program that we announced, as you know, we've just increased our fiber program from third quarter, we announced in fourth quarter that we're increasing our fiber program to 430,000 service addresses. So when completed, by the end of this year, we expect to complete about two-thirds of that 430,000 service addresses. And -- but the remainder of the build, we can pace, and we're looking at pacing that over a number of years into 2024. So when completed, we will have about 620,000 fiber service addresses in total on the wireline side. And that goal should get us to over 50% of our footprint being fibered up.

On the cable side, cable has about 450,000 service addresses. So right now, we've upgraded our cable network. We're offering 1 gig speeds through our DOCSIS 3.1 upgrade. And so, cable is offering the same broadband speeds as we're offering on the fiber side. And I think going forward, what's really exciting is that, we're looking at offering even higher broadband speeds associated with our fiber going forward.

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

So Mike, I'll tackle your first question. In terms of kind of sizing the opportunity, I'm not going to put a dollar figure behind it, but let me give you just a bit of context about how I think about it. So if I put our prepaid in our business and government business together, currently makes up about 25% of our billed revenue. And if you think that we under index in both of those, right, I think we have the opportunity to significantly grow that 25% at a rate that's potentially higher than, let's call it, the business as a whole. It doesn't mean that we don't focus on consumer postpaid, right. So the other data point that I look at, and I've talked about this on past calls is, we have significant disparity among our regions when it comes to market share. And if I think Iowa, Nebraska, Wisconsin, we have market share in the mid-20s, low-30s in places. If I look at some of the other regions, we have market share in the low-teens. And so, I think there is significant opportunity for us to go take share in some of those low share markets. We have a fantastic network experience in both. It's not like our network experience is dramatically different in those high share markets. And so, I think we have the opportunity to grow into those lower share markets, grow into that network that we put in place. In the high share markets, you can expect to see us focusing on ARPU expansion and churn reduction. And so, I think all of those are levers of growth for us. And so hopefully, that gives you some idea in terms of sizing of the opportunity.

Michael Rollins -- Citi -- Analyst

And just with the branding being UScellular, do you consider trying to do something across a larger footprint over time? I recognize your scaling your network is in your current population footprint. But given the brand and given the different types of partnerships that have been out there in the past in the industry, have you thought about going broader, going bigger?

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

So, it's certainly something that I think about. I think we've got some proving to do first. I think we have a recipe for success. I feel very comfortable about the -- how we're executing against that recipe. I think our execution in the fourth quarter is a good reflection of it, both in terms of our ability to grow the subscriber side of the equation and the revenue side of the equation, but also keep expenses under control. I think if we can continue to demonstrate that, it gives us the opportunity to, over time, expand into other markets. I don't think that's imminent, but I do think it's something that in the long run, we'll be looking at. We do have nationwide roaming agreements in place. So in the past, right, one of our concerns of our customers was, hey, are you just a regional carrier and can I just get that experience regionally, that's behind us, and we provide an outstanding experience across the entire nation.

And so, I do think as we execute that recipe, it will give us opportunity to expand. And this continues to be an industry where you have to spend capital and scale matters. And your questions at the beginning reflected that. And if scale matter for us, they also matter to our smaller competitors. And so, that may create some opportunity in the future. But at least in the near term, I think we got a pretty good recipe that we have to go execute against. We've got some proving to do, and I think we're well on our way.

Michael Rollins -- Citi -- Analyst

Thanks.

Jane W. McCahon -- Vice President, Corporate Relations and Corporate Secretary

So Shelby, I think we're out of time for today. Anybody with any further questions, please contact us, and we look forward to talking with you over the next couple of weeks. Thanks, everyone.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 63 minutes

Call participants:

Jane W. McCahon -- Vice President, Corporate Relations and Corporate Secretary

Peter L. Sereda -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Laurent Therivel -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Douglas W. Chambers -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Jim Butman -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Vicki L. Villacrez -- Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer

Phil Cusick -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Ric Prentiss -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Simon Flannery -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Michael Rollins -- Citi -- Analyst

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