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YUM! Brands, inc (YUM -1.08%)
Q3 2021 Earnings Call
Oct 28, 2021, 8:15 a.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good morning, and welcome to the Third Quarter 2021 Yum! Brands Earnings Conference Call. [Operator Instructions] Please note, this event is being recorded.

I would now like to turn the conference over to Jodi Dyer, Vice President, Investor Relations and CFO, Digital and Technology. Please go ahead.

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Jodi Dyer -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Chief Financial Officer, Yum! Digital and Technology

Thanks, operator. Good morning everyone and thank you for joining us. On our call today are, David Gibbs, our CEO; Chris Turner, our CFO; and Dave Russell, our Senior Vice President and Corporate Controller. Following remarks from David and Chris, we'll open the call for questions.

Before we get started, I would like to remind you that this conference call includes forward-looking statements that are subject to future events and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from these statements. All forward-looking statements are made only as of the date of this announcement and should be considered in conjunction with the cautionary statements in our earnings release and the risk factors included in our filings with the SEC.

In addition, please refer to our earnings releases and relevant sections of our filings with the SEC to find disclosures and definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and other metrics that may be used on today's call, as well as reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures.

Please note that during today's call, all system sales results exclude the impact of foreign currency and references to temporary store closure only includes stores that were fully closed as of the end of the quarter, but have or are expected to reopen. For more information on our reporting calendar for each market, please visit the Financial Reports section of our website.

We are broadcasting this conference call via our website. This call is also being recorded and will be available for playback. Please be advised that if you ask a question, it will be included in both our live conference and in any future use of the recording.

We would like to make you aware of upcoming Yum! Investor events and the following. Disclosures pertaining to outstanding debt in our Restricted Group capital structure will be provided at the time of the Form 10-Q filing. Fourth quarter earnings will be released on February 9, 2022 with a conference call on the same day.

Now, I'd like to turn the call over to Mr. David Gibbs.

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Jodi, and good morning everyone. I'm pleased to share our strong third quarter results underpinned by record breaking unit development, continued strong digital sales and the adaptability of our brands to meet the needs of our consumers in an ever-changing environment.

During the third quarter, we delivered 5% same-store sales growth or 3% same-store sales growth on a two-year basis. Despite a challenging operating environment due to the ongoing COVID pandemic, I'm extremely proud that we opened 760 net new units; a Q3 record, with broad-based strength across our portfolio. While Yum! China continues to be a leader in development, we opened 379 net new units across the rest of our portfolio, roughly equivalent to our Q3 2019 global net new units, including China. Our continued positive development momentum this quarter is a testament to the strength of our iconic brands, fueled by strong unit economics and a healthy well-capitalized franchise system primed for sustained growth.

Now, we'll discuss our Q3 results and two of the four growth drivers that underpin our Recipe for Growth: our Relevant, Easy and Distinctive brands or RED for short; and our unrivaled culture and talent. I will also share an update on our ESG agenda, which we call our Recipe for Good. Then Chris will talk about our other two growth drivers: our unmatched operating capability; and Bold Restaurant Development, in addition to providing more details on our third quarter financial performance and our strong balance sheet and liquidity position.

First, the two highlights from the quarter. Overall Yum! third quarter system sales grew 8%, led by same-store sales growth of 5%. On a two-year basis, same-store sales grew 3%, which includes the impact of around 500 stores or 1% temporarily closed due to COVID as of the end of Q3. COVID restrictions that limited mobility in a few markets, primarily in Asia, had a significant impact on sales. However, our sales momentum remained strong, as evidenced by the fact that our global two-year same-store sales growth, excluding Asia, accelerated since last quarter. Sales strength continued in many developed markets, including the U.S., U.K. and Canada with significant recovery seen across Europe as restrictions eased throughout the quarter. We've also seen pockets of strength in our portfolio of emerging markets, including the Middle East, Latin America, Africa and India, to name a few.

As we previously shared, looking across the more than 150 countries in which we operate, our recovery will neither be consistent from country-to-country nor linear within a country, reinforcing the competitive advantages of our diversified portfolio and our ability to serve customers through multiple on- and off-premise channels.

A key growth driver for our business remains the continued acceleration of our digital and technology strategy, including how we leverage our global scale with technology investments to enhance the customer and employee experience, strength in restaurant unit economics and provide a competitive advantage for our franchisees. We're seeing strong and sustained momentum through our digital and off-premise channels across our global business even as customers return to our dining rooms. We posted over $5 billion in global digital sales with a near 40% digital mix during Q3. We continued to expand delivery capabilities across the globe, setting a record this quarter with over 41,000 stores offering delivery to our customers.

Most recently, we acquired Dragontail Systems, which will allow us to tap into the power of artificial intelligence to streamline the end-to-end food preparation process and further enhance our delivery capabilities. Where we've deployed Dragontail's cutting-edge technology, we found that it makes it easier for team members to operate and run a restaurant and helps our franchisees strengthen store operations, all resulting in a better customer experience.

This is the perfect segue to talk about our four RED brands. Starting with the KFC division, which accounts for 52% of our operating profit, Q3 system sales grew 11%, driven by 6% same-store sales growth and 7% unit growth. On a two-year basis, Q3 same-store sales were up 1%, which included the impact of 1% of the stores being temporarily closed due to COVID. At KFC International, same-store sales grew 6% during the quarter. Same-store sales declined 1% on a two-year basis. As previously mentioned, increased COVID case counts and limited mobility in a few key Asian markets pressured topline trends in the quarter. This quarter, several Western European markets joined the group of resilient market, leading the recovery where sales have fully recovered to pre-COVID levels. Strong digital and off-premise growth, newsworthy products and doubling down on value offerings have fueled topline growth in these markets, coupled with the continued strength of the chicken category across the QSR segment growth.

Next, at KFC U.S., same-store sales grew 4% during the quarter, while same-store sales increased 13% on a two-year basis. The continued success of our chicken sandwich and the strength of the group occasion remains significant drivers of our same-store sales growth. Additionally, as of July, our year-to-date digital sales in the U.S. surpassed our full year 2020 digital sales. We speak to the results we're seeing from our investments in this critical growth channel.

Now on to the Pizza Hut Division, which accounts for 17% of our operating profit. Q3 system sales grew 4%, driven by 1% unit growth and 4% same-store sales growth. For the Division, two-year same-store sales grew 1% during the quarter, which included the impact of 1% of stores being temporarily closed as of the end of Q3 2021. Pizza Hut International same-store sales grew 6% during the quarter. On a two-year basis same-store sales declined 4%. While our Pizza Hut International business continues to be pressured, given our substantial dine-in index, the sustained strength in our off-premise business as reflected by 21% same-store sales growth on a two-year basis bodes well for the future of the brand and continues to fuel franchisee interest in investing in assets focused on serving the off-premise occasions. Our markets continue to demonstrate what it means to be RED by focusing on strong value propositions and innovative partnerships, including Beyond Meat product offerings in two markets this quarter.

At Pizza Hut U.S., we continued to see positive momentum with 2% same-store sales growth. On a two-year basis, same-store sales grew 8% and the off-premise channel grew 17%. Pizza Hut continues to delight customers by bringing Only For Pizza Hut premium innovation with the launch of the Edge Pizza and a return of the successful Detroit-Style Pizza in Q3. Additionally, we promoted the Dig Dinner Box during back-to-school season for offering easy dinner solution for our Pizza Hut customers.

Moving on to Taco Bell, which accounts for 31% of our operating profit, third quarter system sales grew 8%, driven by 3% unit growth and 5% same-store sales growth. Two-year same-store sales growth was 8% for the quarter. Taco Bell continues to focus on long-term growth opportunities by expanding into multiple category entry points, including the relaunch of breakfast in August and the fried chicken category with the Crispy Chicken Sandwich Taco during the quarter. Meanwhile, Taco Bell International remains focused on their mission to make Tacos cool around the world, while also ensuring the brand is culturally relevant in each market.

In the U.K., we gave away free taco to the country to celebrate England advancing to the finals in the European Championship. Players on the English team even tweeted on behalf of the brand, resulting in Taco Bell being one of the top trending brands on Twitter during the finals.

And finally, at the Habit Burger Grill, we saw system sales grow 19% during the quarter, driven by 11% same-store sales growth and 7% unit growth. on a two-year basis, same-store sales grew 7%, which included the impact of about 1% of stores being temporarily closed as of the end of Q3. We continue to see strong results through our digital channels, even as customers return to our dining room. During the quarter, we launched the culinary-forward Balsamic Grilled Chicken and Asparagus Salad that highlighted our unmatched char-grilled chicken and seasonal ingredients.

Now I'll discuss our unrivaled culture and talent growth drivers. A hallmark of Yum! is our people-first culture. We have tremendous leaders across our organization that have been developed internally to lead our brands and because of our culture, we're able to attract world-class external talent. This quarter, we have the opportunity to announce some exciting internal promotions with planned leadership transitions.

First, Tony Lowings, CEO of KFC will be retiring on March 1, 2022. I want to thank Tony for his more than 25 years working at Yum! He has embodied, what it means to be a people-first leader throughout his career and will no doubt leave a lasting legacy on the KFC brand. Tony's successor will be Sabir Sami, KFCs Global Chief Operations Officer who is an incredibly well respected and experienced leader, who has played a pivotal role in the KFC global business. Sabir's promotion to CEO of KFC provide us an opportunity to elevate another internal talent with Dyke Shipp stepping in as President of KFC after serving as KFCs Global Chief People and Development Officer. With their combined experience of over 40 years with Yum!, both Sabir and Dyke will assume their new roles effective January 1, 2022. I couldn't be more confident in our ability to continue to unleash the power of this iconic brand with both Sabir and Dyke leading KFC.

Next, we recently announced that David Graves, Pizza Hut U.S. General Manager, will be promoted to President of Pizza Hut U.S. effective January 1, 2022. Alongside Kevin Hochman, David has helped architect the Pizza Hut U.S. strategy and is the right person to lead the way forward for the brand by continuing to partner with our franchisees. With this promotion, Kevin Hochman, Interim President of Pizza Hut U.S. and President of KFC U.S., will return full time to KFC U.S. I would like to thank Kevin for his unwavering commitment and leadership over the past two years as he led the Pizza Hut U.S. business and franchisees for a critical turnaround that has shown tremendous progress to date, all while simultaneously taking KFC U.S. to new heights. These internal promotions demonstrate that our deep bench of experienced leaders is a real competitive advantage for us across the restaurant industry.

Lastly, we recruited significant external talent with the appointment of Aaron Powell as Chief Executive Officer of Pizza Hut. Aaron joined us from Kimberly Clark, where he most recently led their Asia-Pacific business. We're thrilled to have Aaron join our leadership team with his seasoned CPG executive experience and believe his leadership, alongside Vipul Chawla and David Graves will help fuel the brand growth strategy.

Equally as important as our Recipe for Growth is our Recipe for Good. I could not be prouder of the progress Yum! and our brands have made this year in sharpening the focus and execution of our ESG agenda, particularly on climate action and sustainable packaging, alongside our global Unlocking Opportunity Initiative to tackle inequality. We are advancing our plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions across our global system and supply chain by nearly half by 2030 while we work to implement, learn from, and scale pilots for reusable, recyclable and compostable packaging in the front of our restaurants to meet our 2025 public commitment. Across all of our brands, we're focused on building a resilient business for the future with purpose and sustainability at the core.

Our iconic brands and unmatched scale put us in a class of our own. We're competitively advantaged, given the size and capabilities of our franchise system and I'm thrilled with our teams as we continue to be nimble and meet the consumer where they are. Overall, I'm proud of how our business is performing and I'm confident that we're positioned to win in a post-COVID world.

With that, Chris, over to you.

Chris Turner -- Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, David, and good morning everyone. Today, I'll discuss our financial results, our unmatched operating capability and Bold Restaurant Development growth drivers and our solid balance sheet and liquidity position. I'll start by discussing our financial results.

Our results year-to-date, through Q3, highlighted by 15% system sales growth translating into strong core operating profit growth of 26% demonstrate the resilience and strength of our economic model. The continued momentum reflected in our results reaffirms our confidence in delivering, on an annual basis, the long-term growth algorithm we reinstated on our last call, specifically 2% to 3% same-store sales growth, plus 4% to 5% net new unit growth, translating to mid-to-high single-digit system sales growth and high-single-digit operating profit growth.

In the third quarter, specifically, Yum! system sales grew 8%, driven by 5% same-store sales growth or 3% on a two-year basis, which includes the impact of about 1% of stores being temporarily closed as of the end of Q3. We delivered 4% unit growth year-over-year, which included a record of 760 net new units this quarter.

Core operating profit increased 3% for the quarter, in line with our internal expectations, when accounting for one-time items that impacted comparability. The largest of these items was the lap of last year's bad debt recoveries, which accounted for a 5 point headwind to core operating profit growth. EPS, excluding special items, was $1.22, representing a 21% increase compared to ex-special EPS of $1.01 in the third quarter last year. Reflected in our ex-special EPS this quarter, is an investment gain on our approximate 5% investment in Devyani International Limited, an entity that operates KFC and Pizza Hut franchise units in India. Our minority stake in Devyani was acquired in lieu of cash proceeds upon the refranchising of approximately 60 KFCs in India during 2019 and 2020. During the third quarter, Devyani completed an Initial Public Offering and we began reflecting the change in fair value of our investments in our results during the quarter. This resulted in $52 million of pre-tax investment gains on our approximate 5% stake, which added $0.16 to EPS, but did not impact our core operating profit.

During Q3, we had bad debt expense of $3 million. As a reminder, we had large quarterly swings in bad debt last year due to COVID and were lapping $21 million in bad debt recoveries in the third quarter of last year, resulting in a year-over-year headwind of 5 points, or $24 million to core operating profit growth this quarter. We expect core operating profit growth to be negatively impacted again in Q4 as we lapped bad debt recoveries of $8 million in the fourth quarter last year.

Our general and administrative expenses on an ex-special basis for the quarter were $249 million. On a full year basis this year, we now estimate consolidated G&A will be approximately $1.05 billion, an increase of about $60 million above our incoming expectations for the year, driven entirely by our above-target incentive compensation based on our strong business performance. Our commitment to be an efficient growth company that leverages fixed costs with our unique scale benefits is unchanged. We expect our G&A to system sales ratio to move back to 1.7% next year on a full year basis.

Finally, we note that Taco Bell company store margins have begun to normalize in the back half of this year due to increased staffing in our restaurants as we return to our historical daypart mix, wage investments and recent commodity inflation. While there will be quarterly variability due to the dynamic environment, we are confident in our ability to consistently deliver Taco Bell company store margins in line with our historical pre-COVID levels for full year 2021 and beyond.

Next, I'll discuss our unmatched operating capabilities. We continue to invest in our technology strategy to expand both our digital capabilities and restaurant technology solutions. We're prioritizing, making it easier to operate a restaurant, ultimately driving efficiencies in our stores to enhance franchise unit economics, while also improving the customer experience.

To that end, during the quarter, we closed on the acquisition of Dragontail Systems, a restaurant technology company that enhances both the team member and customer experience. Dragontail uses innovative technology that streamlines the order management process in the restaurant and optimizes delivery routes for drivers resulting in our customers receiving the freshest possible products. Thus far, the Dragontail solution has been deployed in 13 markets and in over 1,700 stores across the Pizza Hut system. Many Pizza Hut restaurants leveraging Dragontail platform have already seen a positive impact on sales, order fulfillment and customer satisfaction scores, including product freshness and delivery times. I recently participated in virtual store visits in the U.K. and in Latin America where franchisees demonstrated benefits of the Dragontail system and shared their team members' excitement.

Another example of how our technology investments yield enhanced operating performance is Taco Bell's continued execution of its All Access technology initiative. This connected suite of core restaurant technology solutions is used to optimize operations and create a frictionless customer experience. These strategic efforts contributed to Taco Bell's seventh consecutive quarter with drive-thru times below four minutes, enabling the brand to serve more customers through the drive-thru, while also delivering a great customer experience.

Moving on to our Bold Restaurant Development growth driver, I'm thrilled to discuss how we delivered another record development quarter with 760 net new units, including meaningful contributions across multiple geographies at our KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell global brands. While we continue to see strong development from Yum! China, our brands are also seeing broad-based development across other markets. The widespread strengths in our store level economics and cash on cash returns improving relative to pre-COVID levels are key drivers contributing to the acceleration and development we're seeing around the world. Our KFC International markets have seen impressive development as China, Russia, India, Latin America and the Middle East continued to deliver strong unit development during the third quarter.

Additionally, over the past year, Pizza Hut International has driven a significant inflection in their unit growth, going from negative net new units in 2020 to opening nearly 200 net new units during the third quarter. We expect this momentum to continue; a further testament to the confidence our franchisees have in the future of the brand.

At Taco Bell International, we continue to see strong development as key markets are approaching scale. Not only are we seeing strong development across our brands, but given the continued strength in digital and off-premise growth, our teams continue to evolve the asset types being developed into more digitally enabled formats. As an example, we now have 23 Go Mobile locations at Taco Bell U.S. These technology-forward restaurants, which include dual drive-thru's with a dedicated mobile pickup lane, mobile pickup shelves and a faster Bellhop experience, among other things, have been a big hit, and we have more in our development pipeline.

Next, I'll provide an update on our strong balance sheet and liquidity position. In August, we completed our third whole business securitization issuance at Taco Bell in the past five years, issuing $2.25 billion of new Securitization Notes. The weighted average yield of the new notes was approximately 2.24% and the proceeds were used to opportunistically repay $1.3 billion of existing higher coupon Taco Bell Securitization Notes and to support our share buyback program. We still expect our 2021 interest expense to be approximately $500 million, in line with 2020. We ended the quarter with cash and cash equivalents of $1 billion, excluding restricted cash. Due to our continued recovery in EBITDA, our consolidated net leverage continues to be temporarily below our target of approximately 5 times.

With respect to our share buyback program, during the quarter, we repurchased 2.6 million shares at an average share price of $127 per share, totaling approximately $330 million. Year-to-date, we've repurchased $860 million of shares at an average price of $117.

Capital expenditures, net of refranchising proceeds, during the quarter were $49 million. We now expect net capital expenditures of approximately $175 million for the full year, reflecting roughly $75 million in refranchising proceeds and $250 million of gross capex.

Lastly, our capital priorities remain unchanged; invest in the business, maintain a healthy balance sheet, pay a competitive dividend and return the remaining excess cash to shareholders via share repurchases.

Before wrapping up, I'd like to take a moment to address both labor and cost inflation pressures and how Yum! is well-positioned to navigate these challenges. U.S. labor availability remains tight across most industries, driving wage inflation and staffing challenges that have resulted in a small number of our stores limiting operating hours, particularly during the early morning and late-night dayparts. While our franchisees are not immune to these market pressures, we believe the power of our scale and the larger average size of our franchisees relative to those of our QSR peers, enables our system to manage the inflationary environment better than most.

For example, while many small chains and independent restaurants experienced difficulties adapting to these market dynamics, our franchisees continue to invest through this environment, accelerating investments that help widen their strategic advantage. Additionally, our people-first culture is a true competitive advantage in both attracting and retaining team members. We're confident in the ability of our brands to respond to the dynamic market conditions and are working closely with our franchisees to assess strategic opportunities to take price as and when needed, while ensuring we continue to offer compelling value to our customers. While store level margins have moderated, franchisee unit economics generally remain incredibly healthy.

Overall, I'm pleased with our performance this quarter, driven by impressive unit growth and sustained digital sales. We continue to invest in our digital ecosystem to scale technologies and provide a unique competitive advantage for our franchise operators, while enhancing the customer and team member experience. Our franchise system is healthy and well-positioned to invest through the near-term pressures, fueling our development engine and future unit growth. Our unit growth and sustained sales momentum, despite lingering COVID impacts, only make us more confident in our ability to deliver on our long-term growth algorithm.

With that, operator, we are ready to take any questions.

Questions and Answers:


[Operator Instructions] The first question comes from John Glass with Morgan Stanley. Please go ahead.

John Glass -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thanks, and good morning. I'm wondering if you could just comment a little bit more about Taco Bell's performance this quarter. While it was strong on a two-year basis, there was some deceleration. Stimulus may have played a role last quarter, so maybe that was a false read. That would also seem to be the brand, just given your comments on staffing and early morning and late night, that may have been impacted. So is there any notable impact to sales just from staffing shortages there? So if you could just sort of talk about the overall trends in staffing in particular and why maybe you saw some deceleration on a two-year basis.

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, in terms of staffing, obviously, we're pressured in our restaurants just as everybody else is. But I think our -- we're doing an amazing job in the field of being focused on retention. We won't have a staffing problem if we don't have any open jobs and if we retain the employees that we have. And given the culture that we have in our restaurants across all of our brands and the kinds of environments that our franchisees create for their employees with pay checks and then pathways to advancement, I think we're getting through this better than most. Yeah, we're really proud of the results we put up across all of the brands this quarter. You guys probably saw, it's on a two-year basis. We're positive on all four brands. On a one-year basis, we're positive on all four brands. And then, obviously, the big news is the 760 net new units that we opened for the quarter.

So very strong quarter. We've got pluses and minuses, John, if you're talking about in the U.S., KFC was up 13% on a two-year basis, Pizza Hut's HMR business, Home Meal Replacement business, was up 17%, Taco Bell was a little bit softer. For them, late night and breakfast become a little bit more of a challenge and they skew a little bit more toward individual meals. And I think that's what you're seeing. Every brand has a different set of attributes as we go through this. Some will play better in this environment than other. But all of our brands are really doing quite well, which is contributing to this great quarter.


The next question comes from David Palmer with Evercore ISI. Please go ahead.

David Palmer -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Thanks. Just a quick follow-up on John's and then I have one on unit growth. The Taco Bell result, 8%, two-year, that's below the industry's comp. Taco Bell has been a long-term share gainer. If you have a big picture comment about maybe sources of weakness, whether supply chain, the Midwest, something like that. Also just bigger picture why you think Taco Bell on a two-year basis might not be as -- doing as well as the industry average of drive-thru chains out there.

And then on unit growth, do you -- the results are very strong and it's hard to see weakness or holdbacks from a development standpoint, from a macro sense, but we would expect there to be that, that there would be some friction out there, given all the macro challenges around COVID. Do you believe that there is some -- something holding you back even in these strong numbers? Thanks.

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, it's a great point. Obviously, the numbers that we put up in this quarter are truly record-setting, right? 760 net new units in the third quarter is a record for Yum!. We're at 1,800 net new units year-to-date basically, which is closing in on the record we set for Yum! in 2019 for full year development. And I think you're right, there is probably some friction that we're experiencing, that we haven't been able to open all the units that we could because of some challenges, but this is where the big advantages of Yum! come in; our scale, our purchasing capability, the size of our franchisees, their access to capital. We've been anticipating some of the supply chain challenges, ordering ahead of time, securing the inventory we need on equipment, for example, to get through this without having equipment delays to open restaurants.

So I do think there is further upside to the numbers we're putting up and I do think if we continue these trends, we'll obviously set a record for Yum! in the fourth quarter, and we probably have a shot at setting a record for the restaurant industry, all-time, for a number of units opened in one year. I look forward to reporting back on that in our fourth quarter call.

As for Taco Bell, the Taco Bell sales are up 15%, system sales are up 15% on a two-year basis. We make no apologies for that. The business is doing quite well, very strong. It does have its own unique challenges since it skews a little bit more toward individual meals versus family occasions. You're seeing the brands like Pizza Hut and KFC that's skewed toward family occasions performing even better, but Taco Bell performance is strong. In Q3, we made some investments in -- on the marketing side that weren't designed to pay off on the topline, such as relaunching breakfast. We know those will have benefits for us down the road. So we're proud of what's going on at Taco Bell with system sales growth like that, unit growth like we're seeing all across Yum! and at Taco Bell. I'm excited about the future for all our brands.


The next question comes from David Tarantino of Baird. Please go ahead.

David Tarantino -- Baird -- Analyst

Hi, good morning. I have another question on development and first I just wanted to see if you thought this year's development strength was due in part to some pent-up activity from delays that you saw last year and/or just underlying strength. And then, Chris, I think you mentioned in your comments that you're seeing improved cash on cash returns in a lot of markets and I was hoping that you could elaborate what you meant there specifically. Thanks.

Chris Turner -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, thanks, David. As David mentioned, we are very excited about the momentum in development. And if you think about the drivers, the number one driver is unit economics. So that sort of gets to both parts of your question. Around the globe, in general, our franchisees are seeing strong EBITDA and they are seeing that translate to improved returns whenever they build restaurants. Remember, these are our franchisees putting their capital to work and that's where I think the strength of the brand and the larger average size of our franchisees really matters. They are able to see through near term fluctuations related to COVID around the globe and invest for the long term.

The second driver on development is the strong development teams that we have who are focused and incentivized to go create great results on the development front, and they have an improved set of capabilities. We're now bringing analytics to bear and how we set our development plans in a number of markets around the globe. We're bringing new prototypes to bear. We talked about the Go Mobile concept, which is primed for digital growth with Taco Bell. We have similar examples in other brands. So it's a broad set of drivers that are supporting this growth. And you've seen this trajectory change, in particular, in the Pizza Hut business. That's been an important driver of where the numbers are. Pizza Hut International putting up plus-200 in the quarter, that's more than 300 better than where they were a year ago and you've seen Pizza Hut U.S. stabilize. So those are also important drivers. So broad-based strength in development right now.

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. As far as the issue of pent-up demand, I'm sure there's some units that spilled over from 2020 into 2021, but we do believe that these trends and development will continue. We think we've gotten to a new level on development. That's why we raised our development guidance on the last earnings call. And look, we're talking about net new units. Let's talk about gross new units for the quarter. In the quarter, we opened over 1,000 gross new units. That's a store every other hour, basically, all quarter long, pretty amazing. And when you think about just a side effect of that, how we're modernizing the estate with that kind of development, it's really encouraging.


The next question comes from John Ivankoe with J.P. Morgan. Please go ahead.

John Ivankoe -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Hi, thank you very much. I think a lot of us on the call know kind of what the U.S. issues are in terms of construction labor and permitting and even equipment, but I wanted you to kind of give us a rest of the world view in terms of how supply chains are around equipment and your ability to, I guess, keep this current rate of development over the next couple of quarters. And, of course, asset in the context of your supply chain seems to have gotten worse in the past six months and perhaps some of the stores that opened in the third quarter benefited from what was ordered six months ago or even longer. Do you expect this momentum to continue? Is there that pipeline, just in terms of overall supply chain constraints, however you want to define it, that you feel good on a market-by-market basis?

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Thanks a bunch, John, it's a good question. And I think this is where the strength of our operating model and our capability sets around sourcing really shines. We saw some of those supply chain challenges related to equipment that are sort of a global challenge. We saw those on the horizon early this year and our supply chain teams were building resiliency plans at that point and they worked with our franchisees around the globe to get ahead on purchasing for those equipment and reserving capacity with suppliers. There are certainly going to be some local challenges here and there related to permitting, but again this is where that capabilities that helped us get ahead, plus our larger more sophisticated franchisees who invest ahead, they have sophisticated teams who are driving their development and that's a big asset here as well. So yeah, we probably left a few units on the table this year as a result of that, but in general, we don't see that as a constraint on our long-term development path.


The next question comes from Jon Tower with Wells Fargo. Please go ahead.

Jon Tower -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Awesome. Thank you for taking the question. Just real quick in terms of thinking about the value proposition to the consumer and obviously the inflation that's running through the market today. Curious to know how your franchisees are handling the pricing situation now and then heading into '22 with obviously wage rate inflation, as well as commodity cost inflation. How are you messaging to the franchisees the way -- the best way to handle it, to the extent, obviously you can have influence on it? And in terms of new product news, are you constructing items, say, at Taco Bell or KFC for next year that will allow them to at least maintain some of the penny profits so they're not getting squeezed too much in this inflationary environment? Thank you.

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Thanks, Jon. Obviously, inflation is a story, not just in our industry, but across sectors. And again I think this is a situation where Yum!'s operating model sets us and our franchisees up to deal with those challenges really well. And I think of three things. One, keep in mind our footprint, 60% of our sales are outside the U.S. and these inflation challenges are most acute in the U.S. and we see it in a few pockets around the globe but most acute in the U.S.

Second, in the U.S., think about our scale. We purchase across all four brands together with RSCS. We have a professional team of highly talented strategic sourcing experts. They're working away right now, I can tell you, throughout this inflationary trend. They saw it coming. They've got plans on finding ways to offset that. So, we're leveraging our scale to help manage costs in those -- against those pressures.

And then third, to your point, we pull a number of levers to manage margin with our franchisees. Our brands are working proactively with the franchisees. You mentioned product design, I'm sure we've done a little bit of that. We've done some menu management. We'll think about how to optimize promotions and, of course, pricing is a lever that's available. But our franchisees and our brands, they manage and they balance the short term and the long term. In the short term, they want to make sure we're providing strong value to the customer, that we don't get too far ahead of the consumer. But in the long run, whenever I talk to our franchisees, they're confident that long term margins in the restaurants will be sustained and we can continue the momentum we've seen on restaurant profit coming through the last couple of years.


The next question comes from Brian Mullan with Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead.

Brian Mullan -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Hey, thank you. Just a two-part question on Habit. Just number one, as you look to eventually refranchise some company-owned stores there, can you talk about what you'd be looking for in any franchise partner for that brand? Maybe anything you could share about how far along you may or may not be or operational goalposts that you would like to achieve first. And then just number two, David, I'm curious, are you spending any time yet looking for international partners or is it just too early for that for Habit?

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

We appreciate the question on Habit. We're really excited about Habit's performance. If you think about it, they started pre-pandemic 60% dine-in sales, so they had the biggest hill to climb in this environment and just put up a plus-7% on a two-year basis. So the way they pivoted has been truly impressive. I think it hasn't gone unnoticed. We've had lots of demand from franchise -- from potential franchisees, both in the Yum! system and outside the Yum! system to enter. We've now started closing on a few deals. We closed on two already with Yum! franchisees entering the Habit system and we have more in the hopper. So we're seeing strong demand and interest in becoming Habit franchisees because the unit economics are great to all the reasons why we bought them.

As far as international goes, same story there. As you know they're already in a couple of countries. I just was on a call yesterday where we were evaluating a new potential partner to enter in another country. So we've built up a little bit of capability and a team internationally to focus on Habit International and see every indication that, that can become a growth driver for Yum! down the road.

Jodi Dyer -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Chief Financial Officer, Yum! Digital and Technology

Operator, we have time for one more question.


Thank you. And that will come from Dennis Geiger with UBS. Please go ahead.

Dennis Geiger -- UBS -- Analyst

Great, thanks for the question. Just wondering if you could talk a little bit more about Pizza Hut U.S., both kind of near-term momentum and then your thoughts on longer term positioning. I guess, just first on the near term, any more details, current impacts, maybe driver staffing challenges, if there was a bit more of an outsized impact there versus staffing challenges at the other brands across the portfolio. And then more importantly, bigger picture, just any more color on the broader strategic shifts, the benefits you're seeing and specifically how the work that you've done across asset base, digital, new product development, etc. impacts how you're thinking about improved brand health and positioning longer term for Pizza Hut in the U.S. Thank you.

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Look, Pizza Hut U.S. is obviously a bright spot for us right now and will be for the long term as all the work that we've been doing over the last few years, investing in digital and capabilities and working with our franchise partners has really started to pay off. This quarter, Pizza Hut U.S. sales were up 17% on a off-premise basis, which is the heart of the business and the future of the business. But it's not immune to the same staffing challenges that everybody is facing. So we had -- I'm sure those sales were held back to some degree by the challenges of getting drivers. We actually saw our carry-out businesses now starting to grow faster. When we don't have the ability to get drivers, we're still able to pivot to carry-out. But -- so we know that there is a lot of demand for what we're offering at Pizza Hut and with a bright future in the U.S.

The other thing I'll point out is, our investment in digital at Pizza Hut has been -- was really one of our leading investments in the world of digital. That's one of the advantages that Yum! has is our knowledge of digital through the Pizza Hut business. I hope you guys all picked up on the fact that we had over $5 billion of digital sales yet again this quarter, but interesting context on that across Yum! is our dine-in business started to climb this quarter. So from Q2 to Q3, we did see a return to dine-in, yet we saw digital sales go up, and we saw our digital mix go up, which is proving that, not only is it sticky that it's still something that's going to continue to grow for us, which is a great sign for all of our brands as we move forward.

With that, I just want to thank everybody for their time on the call. We're obviously excited about what's going on with digital and what's going on with net new unit development, widespread same-store sales growth on a one- and two-year basis across all of our brands, a lot of momentum in the business right now, a lot of enthusiasm from our franchise partners with record profits at the unit level and very excited about the path forward for Yum! and our four brands. Thank you.


[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 48 minutes

Call participants:

Jodi Dyer -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Chief Financial Officer, Yum! Digital and Technology

David Gibbs -- Chief Executive Officer

Chris Turner -- Chief Financial Officer

John Glass -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

David Palmer -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

David Tarantino -- Baird -- Analyst

John Ivankoe -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Jon Tower -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Brian Mullan -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Dennis Geiger -- UBS -- Analyst

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