When it comes to the oil and gas industry, assets matter a lot. For companies operating here, there's nothing more important than reserves, rigs, submersibles, and refineries. However, these assets must be capable of generating profitable returns.
Value for money
These returns indicate whether a given company has the capability of using its assets efficiently and profitably. After all, it makes little sense for an exploration and production company to have a lot of acreage but not the ability to pull out the oil (or natural gas for that matter) within. In short, it pays to find out how valuable these assets are to the company.
Here, we will find out whether a given company's assets are profitable and efficient compared to its peers based on some important metrics:
- Return on assets, or net income divided by total assets shows how much the company is earning compared against the assets it controls. The ratio is an indication of how effectively the company is converting the money it has invested in reserves, property and other equipment into net earnings. Higher the value, more profitable the assets are. The metric is pretty useful when used as a comparative measure -- against peers and also against the industry in general. A value greater than 3.5% is what investors should be looking for in this industry.
- Fixed-asset turnover ratio, or revenues divided by total fixed assets (like plant, property and equipment). Fixed assets form a major chunk of total assets for companies in this industry. This metric shows how efficiently the company is using its fixed assets to generate revenues. The higher the turnover rate, the better. A value above 0.43 looks pretty good.
- Total enterprise value/discounted future cash flows shows how expensive the company is when compared against its standardized future cash flows. The denominator indicates the total present value of estimated future cash inflows from proved reserves, less future development and production costs, discounted at 10% per annum. It's based on today's energy prices and doesn't give any credit for unproved reserves.
With these factors in mind, let's take a look at Northern Oil & Gas
Return on Assets (TTM)
Fixed-Asset Turnover Ratio
|Northern Oil & Gas||3.2%||0.38||2.98||5.88|
Kodiak Oil & Gas
Source: S&P Capital IQ and company filings. TTM = trailing 12 months.
Northern's assets don't seem to generate the best returns when compared with its peers. Also, at 3.2%, its ROA is less than the industry average. Its fixed-asset turnover, though better than peers', isn't impressive, either. But, it must be kept in mind that these figures aren't hopeless, either.
The company is still in expansion phase with growing production. As of the end of July, proved developed reserves had gone up to 7.9 million barrels of oil equivalent -- a good 48% growth from the beginning of the year.
Deeper analysis suggests that the company is toward the expensive side when compared with peers' future cash flows from proved reserves. Mr. Market seems to be pretty bullish on the stock because of its resources in the Williston Basin. Keeping these figures in mind, I believe the stock is priced fairly relative to its book value.
Foolish bottom line
This isn't the only criterion you can use, although assets generally indicate how oil and gas companies have been faring in terms of operations. You can get a more comprehensive understanding by digging deeper. However, on the surface, Northern Oil & Gas appears to be intriguing. The third-quarter results should give a clearer picture.
We at The Motley Fool can help you to stay up to speed on the top news and analysis on Northern Oil & Gas. You can start by adding it to your watchlist.
Fool contributor Isac Simon does not own shares of any of the companies mentioned in this article. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.