Margins matter. The more Schlumberger
Here's the current margin snapshot for Schlumberger over the trailing 12 months: Gross margin is 20.7%, while operating margin is 16.9% and net margin is 12.6%.
Unfortunately, a look at the most recent numbers doesn't tell us much about where Schlumberger Limited has been, or where it's going. A company with rising gross and operating margins often fuels its growth by increasing demand for its products. If it sells more units while keeping costs in check, its profitability increases. Conversely, a company with gross margins that inch downward over time is often losing out to competition, and possibly engaging in a race to the bottom on prices. If it can't make up for this problem by cutting costs -- and most companies can't -- then both the business and its shares face a decidedly bleak outlook.
Of course, over the short term, the kind of economic shocks we recently experienced can drastically affect a company's profitability. That's why I like to look at five fiscal years' worth of margins, along with the results for the trailing 12 months, the last fiscal year, and last fiscal quarter (LFQ). You can't always reach a hard conclusion about your company's health, but you can better understand what to expect, and what to watch.
Here's the margin picture for Schlumberger Limited over the past few years.
Source: S&P Capital IQ. Dollar amounts in millions. FY = fiscal year. TTM = trailing 12 months.
Because of seasonality in some businesses, the numbers for the last period on the right -- the TTM figures -- aren't always comparable to the FY results preceding them. To compare quarterly margins to their prior-year levels, consult this chart.
Source: S&P Capital IQ. Dollar amounts in millions. FQ = fiscal quarter.
Here's how the stats break down:
- Over the past five years, gross margin peaked at 33.5% and averaged 26.1%. Operating margin peaked at 27.8% and averaged 20.9%. Net margin peaked at 22.2% and averaged 16.8%.
- TTM gross margin is 20.7%, 540 basis points worse than the five-year average. TTM operating margin is 16.9%, 400 basis points worse than the five-year average. TTM net margin is 12.6%, 420 basis points worse than the five-year average.
With recent TTM operating margins below historical averages, Schlumberger has some work to do.
If you take the time to read past the headlines and crack a filing now and then, you're probably ahead of 95% of the market's individual investors. To stay ahead, learn more about how I use analysis like this to help me uncover the best returns in the stock market. Got an opinion on the margins at Schlumberger Limited? Let us know in the comments below.
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