It's not easy being Bill Gates.

First, Yahoo! rejected Microsoft's $44.6 billion buyout offer. Then Gates got absolutely worked in a Guitar Hero competition with Slash. And finally, Gates lost his title as the world's richest man to occasional bridge partner Warren Buffett. Can things possibly get any worse for the brainiac billionaire?

Actually, they can.

Many people were shocked to see Gates knocked from his No. 1 ranking after 10 years atop Forbes' list of the world's billionaires. (With a net worth of $58 billion, Gates currently ranks third behind Buffett and Mexican telecom baron Carlos Slim.)

But for those who are familiar with Forbes' rankings, the real surprise was not that Gates fell -- but that he didn't fall even farther.

Land of the free, home of the billionaires
For the past decade, Forbes' billionaires list has been as American as apple pie. Gates and Buffett have vied for the top spot, typically followed by the likes of Paul Allen, Michael Dell, Oracle founder Larry Ellison, and Las Vegas Sands Chairman Sheldon Adelson.

But in recent years, the upper echelons have been invaded by international businessmen who are growing their fortunes at an astonishing clip. In the past five years, Slim has increased his net worth eightfold, thanks to the stellar performance of Latin American telecoms such as Telefonos de Mexico. With a fortune currently worth $60 billion, Slim has surpassed Gates and is nipping at Buffett's heels.

Meanwhile, a trio of Indian businessmen lurks behind Gates, poised to leapfrog into the top three slots. Over the past two years, shares of Luxembourg-based steelmaker ArcelorMittal have nearly tripled, and that jump has helped CEO and 11% shareholder Lakshmi Mittal add $21 billion to his net worth.

As impressive as that feat is, Mittal is hardly the greatest gainer of the past 24 months. That distinction belongs to Anil Ambani, who has increased his fortune from $5.7 billion to $42 billion in just two years through his ownership stake in India's Reliance Communications and Reliance Power. Anil clocks in as the sixth-richest person in the world, just behind his estranged brother, Mukesh Ambani.

The tremendous performance of international stocks has led to a seismic shift in the composition of Forbes' list, as you can see:








Number of Americans in Top 10







Number of Americans in Top 25







As recently as two years ago, 12 of the 25 richest people in the world were Americans. Now only four are.

Where have all the returns gone?
The changing composition of Forbes' list only underscores what stock market experts such as Wharton professor Jeremy Siegel have been claiming for years: You need to be investing overseas.

Siegel advocates that investors allocate 40% of their portfolios to international stocks. That 40% figure is probably too aggressive for the average investor, but it's not an unreasonable target. It's certainly better than the 5% of their 401(k)s that U.S. investors currently commit to foreign fare.

Just look at the returns that domestic-oriented investors, including Gates and Buffett, have been passing up over the past three years:


3-Year Returns*

Giant Famous Company

S&P 500 (U.S.)


General Electric (NYSE:GE)

Dax (Germany)


Allianz SE (NYSE:AZ)

Hang Seng (Hong Kong)



BSE Sensex (India)



IPC (Mexico)


Cemex (NYSE:CX)

SSE Composite (China)


China Life Insurance (NYSE:LFC)

Ibovespa (Brazil)



RTS Index (Russia)


Mobile Telesystems

*Through June 27, 2008.

Before you extrapolate these superior returns years out into the future, let me say that they simply aren't sustainable over the long term. Russia cannot continue to triple every three years, and on the flip side, the U.S. economy should recover from its recent slump and pick up its pace.

Even with those caveats, though, the key takeaway remains: International stocks stand to benefit from blistering economic growth, the likes of which the U.S. will never see again.

Be better than Buffett
I doubt that these international upstarts are better businessmen than Gates. And they're almost certainly not better investors than Buffett. The only reason they've been gaining ground on America's richest men is that they have a greater percentage of their portfolio allocated to international investments. But unless Gates and Buffett decide to branch out and go global, there will probably be further changes atop Forbes' list in the coming years.

Those of us who invest in terms of thousands rather than millions may never pass Gates or Buffett on Forbes' list, but that doesn't mean we can't capture better returns than the two billionaires do. Better still, by increasing our allocation in international stocks, we can lessen our exposure to some of the risks endemic to U.S. investments -- for instance, a housing industry meltdown, or a devalued dollar.

At Motley Fool Global Gains, Bill Mann and his team of analysts have assembled a wide array of international stocks, from slow-and-steady cash cows to companies poised to benefit from emerging megatrends. These companies have only two things in common: They're not based in the United States, and Bill expects them to significantly outperform their American counterparts.

Take a free 30-day trial of Global Gains to see a detailed recommendation of each of our stocks, as well as Bill and the team's best bets for new money now. Simply click here for more information.

This article was first published April 11, 2008. It has been updated.

Fool contributor Rich Greifner is still waiting for Forbes to release a list of the world's thousandaires. Rich does not own shares in any company mentioned in this article. The Motley Fool owns shares of Cemex. Cemex is both a Global Gains and Stock Advisor selection. Microsoft is an Inside Value recommendation. The Fool has a disclosure policy.