Every investor would love to stumble upon the perfect stock. But will you ever really find a stock that provides everything you could possibly want?

One thing's for sure: You'll never discover truly great investments unless you actively look for them. Let's discuss the ideal qualities of a perfect stock, then decide if Ctrip.com (Nasdaq: CTRP) fits the bill.

The quest for perfection
Stocks that look great based on one factor may prove horrible elsewhere, making due diligence a crucial part of your investing research. The best stocks excel in many different areas, including these important factors:

  • Growth. Expanding businesses show healthy revenue growth. While past growth is no guarantee that revenue will keep rising, it's certainly a better sign than a stagnant top line.
  • Margins. Higher sales mean nothing if a company can't produce profits from them. Strong margins ensure that company can turn revenue into profit.
  • Balance sheet. At debt-laden companies, banks and bondholders compete with shareholders for management's attention. Companies with strong balance sheets don't have to worry about the distraction of debt.
  • Money-making opportunities. Return on equity helps measure how well a company is finding opportunities to turn its resources into profitable business endeavors.
  • Valuation. You can't afford to pay too much for even the best companies. By using normalized figures, you can see how a stock's simple earnings multiple fits into a longer-term context.
  • Dividends. For tangible proof of profits, a check to shareholders every three months can't be beat. Companies with solid dividends and strong commitments to increasing payouts treat shareholders well.

With those factors in mind, let's take a closer look at Ctrip.com.

Factor

What We Want to See

Actual

Pass or Fail?

Growth 5-Year Annual Revenue Growth > 15% 40.6% Pass
  1-Year Revenue Growth > 12% 44.9% Pass
Margins Gross Margin > 35% 78.3% Pass
  Net Margin > 15% 36.4% Pass
Balance Sheet Debt to Equity < 50% 0.0% Pass
  Current Ratio > 1.3 2.43 Pass
Opportunities Return on Equity > 15% 22.9% Pass
Valuation Normalized P/E < 20 57.71 Fail
Dividends Current Yield > 2% 0.0% Fail
  5-Year Dividend Growth > 10% 0.0% Fail
       
  Total Score   7 out of 10

Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard and Poor's. Total score = number of passes.

Ctrip.com racks up a healthy score of seven points. Although smaller Chinese companies have faced challenges convincing investors of their ability to earn legitimate profits, Ctrip.com has been wowing shareholders with its travel services for years. The question going forward is whether the young company can keep up its blistering pace of growth.

Until now, Ctrip.com has been a growth investor's dream. Even priceline.com (Nasdaq: PCLN), the cream-of-the-crop leader in the U.S. for travel, can't match Ctrip's revenue growth over the past five years, and Ctrip has much higher margins than the name-your-own-price giant. When it comes to broader comparisons including both domestic rival eLong (Nasdaq: LONG) and U.S.-based Expedia (Nasdaq: EXPE) and Orbitz Worldwide (NYSE: OWW), Ctrip leaves them all in the dust.

But fast growth builds high expectations that are easy to miss. In its most recent quarter, Ctrip reported revenue growth of 39% on 59% higher net income, but it scared investors by projecting "only" 20% revenue growth for the current quarter.

Given its high earnings multiple, Ctrip does need to continue to post impressive growth in order to sustain its stock price. Rising competitors like Universal Travel Group (NYSE: UTA) will try to eat away at its dominance. But at least for now, Ctrip has the tailwind of being in a strong emerging-market country. That may not last forever, but it could give Ctrip enough of a boost to push toward perfection in the years ahead.

Keep searching
No stock is a sure thing, but some stocks are a lot closer to perfect than others. By looking for the perfect stock, you'll go a long way toward improving your investing prowess and learning how to separate out the best investments from the rest.

Click here to add Ctrip.com to My Watchlist, which can find all of our Foolish analysis on it and all your other stocks.

Finding the perfect stock is only one piece of a successful investment strategy. Get the big picture by taking a look at our 13 Steps to Investing Foolishly.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger doesn't own shares of the companies mentioned in this article. Ctrip.com International is a Motley Fool Hidden Gems pick. priceline.com is a Motley Fool Stock Advisor recommendation. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Fool has a disclosure policy.