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Affiliated Managers Group (NYSE:AMG)
Q1 2018 Earnings Conference Call
April 30, 2018 8:30 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Greetings and welcome to the AMG first-quarter 2018 earnings conference call. At this, all participants are in a listen-only mode. A question-and-answer session will follow the formal presentation. [Operator instructions].

As a reminder, this conference is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to your host, Ms. Selene Oh, vice president, investor relations for AMG. Thank you. You may begin.

Selene Oh -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you for joining AMG to discuss the results for the first quarter of 2018. In this conference call, certain matters discussed will constitute forward-looking statements. Actual results could differ materially from those projected due to a number of factors, including but not limited to, those referenced in the company's Form 10K and other filings we make with the SEC from time-to-time. We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements made during the call.AMG will provide on the Investor Relations section of its website at www.amg.com, a replay of the call and a copy of our announcement of our results for the quarter as well as a reconciliation of any non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, including a reconciliation of any estimates of the company's economic earnings per share for future periods that are announced on this call.With us on the line to discuss to company's results for the quarter are Sean Healey, chairman and chief executive officer; Nate Dalton, president and chief operating officer; and Jay Horgen, chief financial officer.With that, I will turn the call over to Sean Healey.

Sean M. Healey -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Selene, and good morning, everyone. AMG had a strong start to 2018, with year-over-year growth of 22% in the economic earnings per share. Our results reflect the strength of our strategic position and our affiliates' track record of alpha generation. Looking ahead with multiple avenues of growth created by the scale and breadth of our business, including a strong pipeline of new affiliate investments, we are confident in our prospects with significant additional earnings growth ahead.

During the quarter, our affiliates' alternative products continue to generate strong positive net client cash flows as clients expand allocation to the highest quality uncorrelated return stream. These inflows were offset by net equity outflows reflecting client risk aversion amid market volatility, including two large emerging market equity rebalancing. As Nate will discuss, our affiliates generated very strong performance across a range of global equity strategies during the quarter building on their excellent long-term track record and we continue to see substantial opportunities to organic growth across our alpha-oriented product set.With outstanding high-conviction active equity products alongside a wide array of uncorrelated alternatives, AMG is positioned to grow in a rising equity market environment, while also producing stable and resilient earnings in periods of market dislocation. As global clients increasingly concentrate their alpha-oriented relationships with a more limited number of managers, the breadth and quality of our performance-oriented product range continues to be a clear competitive advantage.

AMG's global distribution platform offers investors access to a broad array of best-in-class performance-oriented boutique firms with the scale, resources, and risk management of a global asset management partner. As we continue to build strategic cross-product and cross-affiliate relationships with large clients and intermediaries, we see increasing opportunities to gain market share and leverage our scale on our affiliates' behalf in markets around the world. Later this year, we will open an office in Japan, where we have a growing array of relationships, including mandates that have been won and are in the process of funding with some of the largest and most important clients in Japan. As these institutions expand allocation to both global equities and alternatives, we see tremendous secular growth opportunities in this very large market.Turning to new investments, we have a very strong and growing pipeline of prospective affiliates as we increasingly realize the benefits of the relationships we have built with outstanding independent firms across two decades.

Given AMG's unparalleled competitive position, including our track record as the partner of choice to many of the world's most highly regarded firms, we have a unique opportunity to generate meaningful earnings accretion through our investments into additional outstanding affiliates. And given the scale of our recurring free cash flow generation, we are able to execute our growth strategy while also consistently returning capital to shareholders with a cash dividend this quarter, which would be 50% higher than last year's level, along with ongoing and increasing share repurchases as our earnings grow. Looking ahead, we are very confident in our ability to continue to enhance the scale, diversity and earnings power of our business and generate outstanding long-term shareholder value.With that, I will turn it to Nate to discuss our affiliates' results in more detail.

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Thanks and good morning, everyone. As Sean said, in the first quarter our affiliates produced excellent investment returns across a broad range of strategies. As we all know, the year started with equity markets generally moving upward in January. That trend broke down in February and March as volatility increased [Inaudible] dispersion across and within those markets.

In this environment, the best active managers are able to outperform, and many of our affiliates generated meaningful alpha. I will cover performance in more detail in a moment, but first let me provide some context for our flow profile for the quarter and look ahead to what we expect from the rest of the year.In terms of the quarter, there were several underlying things. Consistent with trends for some time now, we continue to see very good demand for a large number of alternative products across our distribution channel and we have a very consistent and solid growth within our multi-asset product type. In the first quarter however, these positives were offset by continued weakness within the U.S.

equities, consistent with industry trends in our global and emerging markets equities, where our institutional business was impacted by two large rebalances as clients took gains from accounts that are significantly appreciated. Conversely, our retail channel saw good continued flows in both global and emerging markets equities.Looking ahead, we are very optimistic about the potential for strong organic growth in 2018 and the longer-term opportunity we are executing against. From a short-term standpoint, performance is good and there are some very large pieces of institutional business in the pipeline. Here, I will observe that some of these large mandates are quite complex and are taking a bit longer to close than we initially anticipated.

Outside of the institutional pipeline, we see continued strong momentum within our retail channel, with good contributions across all of our key product categories. In addition, we continue to have a strong and expanding fundraising pipeline for our liquid strategies putting private equity, infrastructure, real assets, credit, and co-investment product.Now, getting down the short-term dynamics, we feel quite good about how our differentiated strategy is working. Our focused affiliates are continuing to perform well and are expanding our product capabilities into new areas where they can add significant value. The product development is working well.

In addition, we and our affiliates continue to make good progress including some of these newer product capabilities as building and diversifying relationships with many of the largest pools of capital putting those clients and intermediaries.Now, returning to a discussion in the first quarter and starting with our alternative strategies, which account for 40% of our business by assets. Within private equity and real assets, our affiliates, including Baring Asia, EIG, and Pantheon, continued their strong long-term track records across their platform in categories such as global and regional private equity; infrastructure, including energy; co-investments; credit; real assets; and real estate. Each of these affiliates continues to execute on the growth initiatives that cross their business and the increased breadth of these franchises, both flagship strategies and scalable new products in asset-class extensions, has created an enduring organic growth opportunity. We are also working closely with these firms to extend our distribution reach across new geographies and client types, both institutional and retail.

We believe these businesses will make a substantial contribution to what is an enhanced growth profile for AMG. In addition, we believe the investments we are making in distribution for these liquid strategies, not only creates leverage for other affiliates extending into the illiquid assets but also will make us a more attractive partner to additional affiliates with similar strategies.Turning to fixed income and equity relative value, most major indices were slightly positive for the quarter, as these strategies were able to add value for securities selection on both the long and short side. The HFRI Relative Value Index posted a 0.3% return and the HFRI Equity Hedge Index returned 0.6%. The HFRI Activist Index was an outlier of the loss of 2%.

In terms of our affiliates, performance in the category was good, as flagship products at Capula, BlueMountain, and PFM all posted gains and outperformed benchmark in the quarter. ValueAct, in particular, had a very strong quarter, generating positive returns at a time when both its peer group and benchmark were negative. Within our multi-strategy and other category, our primary index, the HFRI Fund Weighted Composite returned 0.1% for the quarter. Against that backdrop, our performance in the category was mixed.

While AQR Style Premia fund and Absolute Return fund outperformed in the quarter, many of our other significant products in the category underperformed, as many risk asset betas declined but all of these strategies continue to maintain strong longer-term track record.In our systematic diversified category, industry returns were challenged in the quarter, with the SocGen Trend Index falling by 3.9%. After capitalizing on strong upward equity-market trend signals in January, February's increased volatility negated a fast start from those products. While our affiliates have not been immune to the headwinds of this market environment, and as the returns are negative, all of our significant products in the outperformed the index in the first quarter.Now, turning to flows in our alternatives category. We had a very good quarter of organic growth across both institutional and retail clients.

We recorded net inflows of $5.6 billion behind solid activity across our liquid strategies and additional funding in the illiquid space. Looking at the quarter on a sub-category basis, consistent with recent trends, we continue to see good flows in multi-strategy, as well as a return to positive net flows in fixed income and equity relative value. Systematic diversified continue to be in the redemption but that flow profile has continued to improve, not only from a reduced-redemption standpoint but through a pickup in sales activity as well. Finally, we also had another solid quarter in our private equity and more illiquid product set as we had interim fund closings and separate account wins across a broad array of strategies.

Looking ahead, we see very good momentum in both our liquid and illiquid pipelines and expect outstanding continued growth across our product set.Turning next to our global equities category, which accounts for approximately 35% of our business assets. As I said earlier, while January started off very positively, increased investor concerns about the macro and geopolitical environment led to heightened volatility for global markets in February and March, resulting in the MSCI World Index ending down 1.2% for the quarter. Against the backdrop, our affiliates generated strong relative returns in the quarter, with flagship strategies at Tweedy Browne, AQR, Harding Loevner, Artemis, and Times Square outperforming this benchmark. While Veritas underperformed in the quarter, it continues to maintain very strong returns over a longer time period.

Emerging markets outperformed nearly all broad market indices with the MSCI Emerging Markets Index ending up 1.5% for the quarter. Among our affiliates, AQR and Harding Loevner outperformed the index, while Genesis was roughly in line, and Trilogy underperformed the index. Each of these firms maintains strong long-term performance track record.Moving to global equity flows, we had net outflows of $4.8 billion. On one hand, we saw very good sales activity levels and overall net flows within our retail and high-net-worth channels as we participate in a broad-based trend, in which retail investors are shifting away from home country bias.

On the other hand, institutional flows were disappointing in the quarter as the below-trend sales activity given heightened risk aversion and a slowdown in pipeline conversion. In terms of net flows for the quarter, however, the biggest impact with significant rebalancing activity in the two very large emerging markets accounts I mentioned earlier, I would note that in each case, the client maintained a significant funding level at the affiliate and each of the underlying performance products has performed well. Looking ahead, we continue to be excited about the retail opportunity set with the institutional pipeline conversion rates significantly improving in coming quarters and we remain well-positioned to the flagship products from AQR, Artemis, Harding Loevner, Veritas, and Tweedy Browne continuing the success and supplemented by a number of newer products and strategies gaining momentum or coming online.Turning next to U.S. equities, which accounts for 13% of our business by assets, markets ended the quarter slightly negative after the strong January start with small caps outperforming large cap and growth outperforming value by a significant margin.

For the quarter, the S&P 500 lost 0.8%, while the Russell 2000 Index fell 0.1%. We have very good relative performance in a number of small-cap strategies in the area where many of our affiliates, including Times Square, Frontier, and River Road outperformed across their flagship product. Performance across our larger-capitalization product was more mixed, as Yacktman and Frontier, while Times Square and AQR outperformed in the quarter. Within U.S.

equities, we saw $3 billion in net outflows as the institutional search activity in retail demand for actively managed U.S. strategies remains relatively muted across the industry. We expect this dynamic to continue. We do see positive demand and sales opportunities as a number of our affiliates are in conversations for a placement mandate and trends in redemption activity improve.Finally, moving to the multi-asset and other category, which accounts for 12% of our business by assets and encompasses multi-asset and balanced mandates at our wealth-management affiliates as well as a number of specialty fixed-income and multi-asset products, we had another good quarter, producing net inflows of $325 million as we continue to see strong sales activity from a number of in-demand tax-oriented, and systematic fixed-income product coming online.

Performance from most of the products in this category remains good and the customized portfolios of our wealth management affiliates broadly speaking continue to perform well across their ultra-high-net-worth client base.Looking ahead, AMG is very well-positioned for meaningful long-term growth across market environments. Through our unique business model, we are able to offer the focused excellence of alpha-oriented managers, alongside the scope and scale of the global asset manager. And our partnership approach and entrepreneurial culture has enabled us to grow into one of the largest and most diverse providers of alpha-oriented strategies in the world. Together with our affiliates, we continue to strategically evolve our product mix to meet the needs of clients and intermediaries for the alpha portions of their portfolios as well as expand our distribution capabilities in order to deliver these products on a global basis.As Sean mentioned, the progress we are making in Japan is a good example of these evolutions.

The products that are proving most attractive in Japan are in many cases products our affiliates were not offering five years ago, and our ability to invest alongside our affiliates in product development and expansion combined with our ability to invest together in packaging, distribution, and resources is critical. We believe there are significant opportunities to bring our affiliates products to new clients and new markets while continuing to increase our market position within existing markets and specifically with pools of capital we're just beginning to work with. As we execute on this, we further enhance our position as the partner of choice to the best boutiques in the world and the virtuous circle we have talked about continues.With that, let me turn it over to Jay to discuss our financials.

Jay C. Horgen -- Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Nate. As Sean discussed, our first-quarter results reflect strong year-over-year growth across our key performance metrics, including 22% growth in economic earnings per share. Given the strength and diversity of our affiliates, together with the substantial cash generated by our business, we continue to produce stable and growing earnings across market environments. As you saw on the release, we reported economic earnings per share of $3.92 for the first quarter which included net performance fees of $0.40.

On a GAAP basis, we reported earnings per share of $2.77.Turning to our performance metrics, for the first quarter aggregate fees, which was previously referred to as aggregate revenue, grew 21% to $1.6 billion from the year ago, driven by positive markets, organic growth in alternatives, and a higher level of performance fees. The ratio of aggregate fees to average assets under management increased year over year from 72 basis points to 79 basis points reflecting an increase in performance fees. Adjusted EBITDA grew 18% to $286.5 million from the year ago, reflecting our ownership mix between consolidated and equity-method affiliates. Economic net income grew 18% to $215.2 million from the year ago while economic earnings per share grew 22% to $3.90, reflecting a lower year-over-year share count due to repurchase activity.Turning to more specific modeling items, for the first quarter the ratio of adjusted EBITDA to average assets under management was 13.6 basis points, or 12.2 basis points excluding performance fees.

Looking ahead, we expect adjusted EBITDA to average assets under management to be approximately 12.1 basis points in the second quarter, reflecting the performance-fee contribution between $0.05 and $0.15 per share. Our share of interest expense was $21.6 million for the first quarter. In the second quarter, we expect our share of interest expense to be approximately $21 million. Our share of reported amortization in impairments was $47.6 million for the first quarter, including $30 million from affiliates, accounted for under the equity method.

Going forward, we expect our share of reported amortization to average approximately $41 million per quarter for the rest of the year.Turning to taxes, with regard to our tax rates in the first quarter, our effective GAAP tax rate was 28.4% and our cash tax rate was 22.3% as we realized performance fees from affiliates that report on a quarter lag and those performance fees were taxed at the higher 2017 U.S. tax rate of 35% compared to 21%. Given the impact of the higher effective tax rate in the first quarter, we now expect the full-year GAAP tax rate to be approximately 26% and the cash tax rate to be approximately 21%. Intangible-related deferred taxes were $13.2 million in the first quarter, and in the second quarter we expect intangible-related deferred taxes to be $12 million.

Other economic items were $1.4 million for the quarter. For modeling purposes, we expect other economic items to be approximately $2 million per quarter. Our adjusted weighted average share count for the first quarter was 54.8 million, and we expect it to be approximately 54.4 million for the second quarter, reflecting continued repurchases. In addition, given the impact of the first-quarter repurchases, we now expect our weighted average share count for the full year to be 54.2 million.Turning to our balance sheet, in the first quarter we paid a $0.30 per-share dividend, which was an increase of 50% year over year, and we repurchased 151 million shares in the quarter.

In the second quarter, we expect repurchases of approximately 150 million. And looking ahead, given our scale we anticipate continued share repurchases even as we execute new investments. Finally, we have refinanced our $385 million term loan in the quarter to lower our cost of capital and extend its maturity. Looking ahead, with the run-rate EBITDA of approximately $1.2 billion and given the significant scale of our business, we are confident in our ability to continue to generate meaningful earnings growth to accretive new investments while also consistently returning capital to shareholders.Now we will be happy to answer your questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. At this time we will be conducting a question-and-answer session. [Operator instructions]. Our first question comes from the line of Chris Shutler with William Blair.

Please proceed with your question.

Chris Shutler -- William Blair & Company -- Analyst

Hey, guys, good morning. Maybe just on the deal pipeline, Sean, you sounded a little bit more positive there, I'd say. Is that a fair read thinking out over the next several quarters? Then, how should we be thinking about asset classes, geographies, and scale of potential investment?

Sean M. Healey -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Sure. The short answer is yes, we are seeing a definite increase in new investment activity. I would say it's broadly by firm type and geography, and while some opportunities are in auction settings, most have come from the relationships we have built over time and in these situations, we know the firms well and the transactions occur in a negotiated form, really custom-tailored to the firm's circumstances. So we feel very good about the pipeline.

I would say as always the pacing of transactions, especially negotiated transactions, is hard to gauge, but we definitely feel that we are entering a period of elevated activity and I would say finally, we remain highly selective of course but also committed to continuing to repurchase our stock, especially at the current valuation level.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Bill Katz with Citi. Please proceed with your question.

Bill Katz -- Citi -- Analyst

OK. Thank you very much for taking the question this morning. So, maybe one for Nat. Nate, you called out a couple of EM rebalances.

I was wondering, so it's [Inaudible] question, could you sort of size that and then you used some very strong descriptive language to talk about the pipelines looking into second half this year. So, could you give us a sense of how big that pipeline might be today versus where we were three or six months ago?

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Sure. Let me take those in order. So, on the two EM rebalances that we touched on in the prepared remarks. So we just had a couple of things here.

So, two different affiliates, as I said, sort of in the institutional channel and these were both kind of very long-tenured investments that had sort of significantly appreciated, performance was good and partial redemption/rebalances is what happened, and each of them was roughly in the kind of $1.5 billion kind of size range. So, just to size them, that's sort of roughly where they were. And then in terms of the pipeline, the pipeline is really continuing to improve, and I would say sort of significantly improve. Some of it is, and I touched on this a little bit in the prepared remarks as well, to be clear some of it is some of these very large mandates that are quite complex and are just honestly taking a little longer to close, but even beyond that the pipeline is really building, as we said, coming from alternatives liquids and illiquids as well as in global equities, global meaning global developed as well as emerging.

So yes, the pipeline is really building well.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Brian Bedell with Deutsche Bank. Please proceed with your question.

Brian Bedell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Great, thanks. Good morning. Thanks for the realization disclosure. That's also helpful.

Just going back to a couple of maybe different ones in the pipeline for global equities, maybe if you can describe, Nate, your comments on the complexity of that and the timing of that, and it looks like, I thought you said -- I may have written this down wrong -- but I thought you said the environment was a little bit slower for global equity, it looked like the actual sales gross number was actually pretty good. So just trying to get a better flavor of that global equity category going forward and whether Japan is also part of that over the nature of the Japan pipeline?

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Yes. So, bunch of questions, let me try to make sure I get all of them. So on global equity growth sales in the quarter, the growth number was that what I was speaking to there was relative to our expectation given what's in the pipeline, right. So.

Some things did slow down in the quarter and again some of that might have been risk aversion as we said but some of it is certainly this what I had sort of described as this complexity point and is manifesting itself in a couple of different ways but I would put them all under the category of the -- there are conversations that are quite large. Some of them are multi-strategy and so it's making sure those pieces put together some of them are multi-geography. So it's making sure all of the regulatory and legal structure and stuff all sits together. And so there are things building in the pipeline sort of also addressed a little bit, the last question is sort of things building in the pipeline that are sort of quite large in just taking a bit of longer to come in.

To the Japan question, I think the products that we are seeing lots of traction with and with moving us forward is sort of in the execution phase. And we have all talked about having to understand we have a large number of marketplaces that we are looking at. We talked about the way we think about them top-down in terms of opportunities for focus boutiques and evolutions and then sort of bottom I mean match our product set against them and the traction. We also talked about the pull are being pulled into markets.

And so we have been having some really increasing success in Japan. Some of which is starting to come through but a lot of it is also building and the product set that we are working with their is really kind of reflective of the product set more broadly which is it's coming through in the global equities product set as well as very significantly in alternatives liquid and certainly in liquid as well. So have that alternative couple of months.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Craig Siegenthaler with Credit Suisse. Please proceed with your question.

Craig Siegenthaler -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Hey, good morning. My question is on active equities and maybe it's more of a Nate question, but many of your peers are starting to see an improvement in the active equity flows and it's not necessarily positive, but really just less dead. I know we didn't see that in your results this quarter, but a quarters is only 90 days, so what is your internal view across your 40 affiliates on if we could see better active equity flows, really given the better performance over the last year versus benchmark?

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

So, first I think you hit on just the key point there at the end, which is investment performance. And as we described in our prepared remarks, the performance really across the affiliate strategies, sort of look at the placement against benchmarks and peers. The performance, again it's not every single product and all that, but the performance in the main was really good this quarter, and so one dimension to it is, as you say, it's just a quarter. One dimension to it is also we may be going to -- we have talked about this for a little while -- we may be going through a bit of regime change here from sort of a monetary-policy perspective, which may be making it an environment where active managers can really outperform.

So I think those things are certainly a part of that. When you look at our flow profile, I do think it was, one way to look at this would be to look at the retail flow, and, again, it's just a quarter, but one way to look at this would be to look at the retail flow profile, which really was pretty good. And then on the institutional side, I think the really good progress we're making was impacted by really the two dynamics we mentioned, without which the net number would have been good. I mean, in response to the earlier question the global equity flows from a growth-sales standpoint weren't actually that bad.

Notwithstanding the fact that we see things on the large end building up and so this quarter I think that that number was really just impacted by the two things we highlighted.

Sean M. Healey -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. I would add, Craig, just in a different way distinguishing us from our peers, we have a much bigger position in alternatives. Deliberately, we have increased over the past five years our assets and earnings contribution from alternatives from 25% to 40%. I would say we collectively, and certainly some individual affiliates, notably AQR, are real leaders in retail alternatives.

And if you look at the breadth and depth of our alternative product set, we are at the very top of the industry and we are seeing the benefit of that in some of these large strategic distribution conversations that we have referenced. So I think prospectively will be increasingly important to focus on alternatives as the major category and not just active equities where obviously we have a strong position especially in global.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Robert Lee with KBW. Please proceed with your question.

Robert Lee -- Keefe, Bruyette & Woods -- Analyst

Great. Thanks. Thanks, guys. Thanks for taking my question.

Just let me talk a little bit about kind of global distribution. I guess one of the things, just two parts of this: No. 1, as you have continued to expand your global distribution, I guess it's been about almost a decade now, are you starting to see the number or maybe keep track of clients that to what extent they have actually been expanding the number of affiliates that they do business with through your global distribution? I mean, maybe some would start with one and now they're up to three. And then maybe, Nate, this goes to some of the more complex multi-asset strategies.

Are you guys at a point where you're actually seeing or able to put together mandates that may span multiple affiliates with one big mandate?

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Yes. So, thanks very much. It's actually been over a decade. So the answer to the first part of the question is absolutely, right? And that's always been part of the way we thought about global distribution, which is again just working with our affiliates., but have their own excellent distribution themselves and building things that knit [ph] alongside them.

And we talked about it, and I think I have talked about it on prior calls, this sort of building this exponential growth curves [Inaudible] where we go to a geography and begin building. And then on the back of that getting the first mandates and then getting diversity into mandates and both within a single affiliate that has multiple product capability as well as across affiliates. So absolutely that's happening, and happening sort of all over, but while we say, "Hey, we've been doing it for more than a decade," we really did build a kind of step-function geography by geography in first couple of years in each geography but really quite modest in terms of flows generally -- I think Japan is an exception given the traction we've already got there -- but absolutely happening and we are seeing it happening literally everywhere we are working. Some of that is with intermediaries.

Some of those intermediaries are themselves global and so you are getting that leverage not just within the geographies but across geographies as you build relationships with multi-geography intermediaries. So, on the first part of the question, absolutely. On the second, it's a really interesting topic, I think a source of potential significant future growth although today it's much more of a coordination role rather than us really combining multi-affiliate capabilities into a single product that we then deliver. It is something we have done in very small ways as we learn and grow with that capability but this is not something that we are really doing to scale yet.

It is definitely something that could be done.

Sean M. Healey -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

And I would just add that as we've discussed and I think our peers mention this as well, it's another aspect where scale and breadth of product is becoming increasingly important in the industry and it plays very much to our strength.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Dan Fannon with Jefferies. Please proceed with your questions.

Dan Fannon -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Thanks. Good morning, I guess maybe just another one institutional, just looking at redemption trends and I get this quarter the couple of mandates you called out, and obviously redemption trends also difficult to predict, but we're looking at the third quarter in a row of elevated redemptions and you mentioned risk aversion is something that clients are talking about. So I guess just looking ahead, how we should think about redemptions, caveat it with the pipeline, all the good things you have been talking about?

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Yes. So you are right, I do think institutional redemptions did improve quarter over quarter, even including the mandates, the rebalances, that I described. And if you normalize for them, I think it was actually kind of a trend quarterly balances [ph], I guess -- I gotta think about that a little more. And let me caveat it with one other thing, which is I think we obviously have much more visibility on the gross sales side, right, that we do on rebalances or redemptions side.

So with those caveats, again, I would come back to performance point again, which is performance is really good. And so that stands to reason that that would improve the redemption trends over time and so or maybe even in the short run to the extent there's something that's close. So I would go back to that and say look I think the redemptions trends except for those two rebalances I think were actually not that bad. And I think with the really good performance I would say that should only stand to reason that would improve.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Michael Carrier with Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Please proceed with your question.

Michael Carrier -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

All right. Thanks guys. Jay, just, I know it's early in the year, but given some of the volatility that we saw in the quarter, when you kind of look across all the affiliates' performance, what drives the performance fees, are we still kind of in the average kind of environment, meaning nothing really kind of got taken down or is really not going to cover [Inaudible] relative to the kind of, where we are typically thinking of expectations for an average year?

Jay C. Horgen -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Thanks, Michael. Well, let me get to performance fees, I will just give you another element first, which is just the AUM and sort of tracking that since our last call and you're right, it's been a volatile kind of quarter and year-to-date period. So we started the year at $836 billion, when we gave an update on January 29, which is the time of our last call, we were about $870 billion.

So since that call, we have finished the quarter at $831 million, as you can see in the table, which was a decline of about 5% and AUM balances are 1% decreased from the beginning of the year. So it wasn't much from the beginning of the year but it was from the time we gave our last call. Looking into this quarter that we are already up about 0.5% as of Friday. So remarking it up about 0.5% is right.

And then to your performance fee question and I will hit capital as well. Those are the two other main assumptions that go into models that affect economic earnings per share. And you heard me say, performance in alternative strategies was mixed. In some places, it was, well, first of all, our affiliates' performance was quite good but the indices themselves were mixed, somewhere modestly positive, and a few were, or at least the CTAs was down a bit, about 4%.

So it's still early in the year. We had originally thought we would be in the low to mid-teens kind of on an average basis for performance fees. We might be slightly below that kind of 10% to 12% is now the percentage of earnings but not much but a little bit lower mainly because of the CPA segment. And then lastly on capital, as you heard both Sean and I say on the call, both of us say we do anticipate repurchasing throughout the year even in an environment with new investments, and 150 million is expected in the second quarter.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Alex Blostein with Goldman Sachs. Please proceed with your question.

Alex Blostein -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Hi, good morning guys. Jay just a follow-up I guess on your last point around the buyback. So it looks like you guys bought back a little bit heavier in the beginning of the year versus kind of the second part of the quarter and I guess not to get too specific but do you guys clearly generally have a lot of free cash flow, why not support the buyback, given where the valuation of the stock was?

Jay C. Horgen -- Chief Financial Officer

Well. So just to kind of play all the comments together, we elevated share purchase in the first quarter. They were averaging middle of the quarter just did a little bit throughout the quarter. That 150 was higher than last year.

We still expect this elevated level in this quarter. As you heard Sean say, we have a good pipeline, a building pipeline and a strong one. So we are mindful of new investments but we do expect to do both this year as we look to the second half of the year. So we are, finally, we are mindful of our valuation, as Sean said.

We are also interested in buying back our shares at this level. So 150 million is a reasonable level for us. Can it go higher? Yes. Will we consider it? Yes.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Chris Shutler with William Blair. Please proceed with your question.

Chris Shutler -- William Blair & Company -- Analyst

Hi. Thanks for taking the follow-up. So for Jay on the realizations, you gave the number in the quarter, can you give us the realization number of calendar '17 so we can get a better sense of how to think about that. And then global equities kind of seen significant outflows through the last three quarters, were those the same clients, same strategies we are trying to think about risk from here how more assets those clients or strategies need to have?

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Yes. So this is Nate, let me take the second half of that question. So the short answer is no. In terms of the things we called out this quarter on the two EM rebalances, there was no relationship to anything in the prior quarter.

Sean M. Healey -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

And big clients who have ongoing mandates with those firms and with other affiliates. And then on the EM reporting just maybe taking a step back because it is worth, this is new disclosure, it's worth talking about it a bit. We continue to make incremental improvements in our disclosure. We have over last several years.

We typically try to do that at the beginning of the year to so we can roll it out throughout the year. You do see that we have broken out realizations and distributions net of reinvestments. So we put all three of those in the same line item. We want to make sure that's clear.

It has been requested by analysts and investors. And I think some of our peers have broken it out separately. So we have pulled that out. This new line item provides transparency into movements that are hardwired as a result of the product features and they're not client decisions and that's why we pulled it out.

We are not going to do pro forma work on our historical numbers but it wasn't material to our 2017 numbers. Going forward, we will see a modest amount of realizations and distributions net of reinvestments in those kind of second and third quarter with some seasonality in the fourth quarter.

Operator

Thank you. Mr. Healey, there are no further question at this time. We will turn the floor back to you for any final comments.

Sean M. Healey -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Well, thank you again for joining us this morning. We are pleased with our results for the quarter, confident in our ability to continue to create long-term shareholder value. We look forward to speaking with you in July.

Operator

Thank you. This concludes today's teleconference. You may disconnect your lines at this time. Thank you for your participation.

Duration: 44 minutes

Call Participants:

Selene Oh -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Sean M. Healey -- Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Nathaniel Dalton -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Jay C. Horgen -- Chief Financial Officer

Chris Shutler -- William Blair & Company -- Analyst

Bill Katz -- Citi -- Analyst

Brian Bedell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Craig Siegenthaler -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Robert Lee -- Keefe, Bruyette & Woods -- Analyst

Dan Fannon -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Michael Carrier -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Alex Blostein -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

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