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Dollar General Corporation (NYSE:DG)
Q3 2018 Earnings Conference Call
Dec. 4, 2018, 10:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good morning. My name is Thea and I will be your conference operator today. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to the Dollar General Third Quarter 2018 Earnings Call. Today is Tuesday, December 4, 2018. All lines have been placed on mute to prevent any background noise. This call is being recorded. Instructions for listening to the replay of the call are available in the company's earnings press release issued this morning.

Now, I would like to turn the conference over to Ms. Jennifer Beugelmans, Vice President of Investor Relations and Public Relations. Ms. Beugelmans, you may begin your conference, ma'am.

Jennifer Beugelmans -- Vice President, Investor Relations & Public Relations

Thank you, Thea, and good morning, everyone. On the call with me today are Todd Vasos, our CEO, and John Garratt, our CFO. After our prepared remarks, we will open up the call for questions. Our earnings release issued today can be found on our website at investor.dollargeneral.com under News and Events.

Let me caution you that today's comments will include forward-looking statements about our expectations, plans, future estimates, and other non-historical matters including but not limited to, our Fiscal 2018 financial guidance, our Fiscal 2018 and 2019 real estate plans, our planned investments, initiatives, and capital allocation strategy and related expectations, and economic trends or future conditions. Forward-looking statements can be identified because they are not statements of historical facts or use words such as may, should, could, would, will, believe, anticipate, expect, assume, outlook, estimate, guidance, plan, opportunity, continue, focused on, or goal, and similar expressions that concern our strategy, plans, intentions, or beliefs about future matters.

Important factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those projected by our forward-looking statements are included in our earnings release issued this morning under Risk Factors in our 2017 Form 10-K filed on March 23, 2018, and in the comments that are made on this call. We encourage you to read these documents.

You should not unduly rely on forward-looking statements which speak only as of today's date. Dollar General disclaims any obligation to update or revise any information discussed in this call, except as may be otherwise required by law. At the end of our prepared remarks, we will open the call up for your questions. Please limit your questions to one and one follow-up question, if necessary.

Now, it is my pleasure to turn the call over to Todd.

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Jennifer, and welcome to everyone joining our call. We are pleased with our third quarter results, particularly given the two major hurricanes that devastated communities in some of our most heavily penetrated areas in the southeastern United States. We stayed focused on our initiatives, kept the customer at the center of everything we do, and our financial performance during the quarter demonstrated what this type of focus can produce.

Before discussing our third quarter results, I want to express my gratitude to all of our teams who have worked so diligently in very difficult circumstances to serve the communities we call home. We recently visited with our field teams in the Carolinas and the Florida panhandle, where the damage was the greatest. I say it frequently, but it bears repeating, I am so inspired by our team's consistent dedication to our mission of serving others.

Turning now to our third quarter performance. We delivered another solid quarter with strong growth on both the top and bottom lines. On the top line, our same-store sales growth of 2.8% resulted in our highest two-year stack in 11 quarters. This quarter, our comp growth was primarily driven by our customers checking out with larger baskets. We believe this is a reflection of all the work we have done to make the box more relevant for our customers. As our customers' needs evolve, they are telling us they want a fuller shop from us and we're delivering with even more of the products they want at the values they need.

Year-to-date through the 2018 third quarter, we posted 2.9% same-store sales growth, which continued to be driven by greater customer productivity. We feel good about our 39-week performance as well as the outlook for the rest of the year. We did, however, incur greater than anticipated disaster-related expenses during the third quarter, primarily as a result of the hurricanes. We have updated our full year 2018 operating margin rate and diluted EPS guidance to include the estimated impact of these expenses on the third and fourth quarter results. John will walk you through those details in just a moment. As we continue to execute against our strategic initiatives, we remain focused on our operating priorities and we believe we are in a great position to finish the 2018 year on a strong note.

Now let's recap some of the topline results for the third quarter. Net sales increased 8.7% to $6.4 billion compared to net sales of $5.9 billion in the third quarter of 2017. We continue to be very pleased with both the productivity from our new stores as well as the performance from our mature stores. Our 2.8% same-store sales increase was, again, led by our strong performance in consumables. We are listening to our customers and providing the products they want and need. This performance allowed us to continue growing market share. We remain well positioned against all classes of trade as evidenced by our market share gain in the 4, 12, 24, and 52-week periods ending November 3, 2018, as measured by syndicated data. We believe these share gains are coming from multiple retail channels and competitors, underscoring the broad appeal of our value and convenience offering. Further, as we continue to execute across our growth strategies and operating priorities, we believe we have an opportunity to capture incremental share from a variety of sources.

While it's always competitive in discount retail, pricing activity has remained rational and our pricing surveys indicate Dollar General continues to be well positioned across all geographic regions where we operate. We believe this positioning and our commitment to every day low prices contributes to our market share gains.

We saw improvement in our nonconsumable categories which, overall, comp positively again in the third quarter. This growth was primarily driven by strong sales in our seasonal category, along with our best performance in the home category in 10 quarters. We remain focused on driving sales improvement in the nonconsumable categories, which I will discuss with you in more detail later in the call.

As we have discussed in recent quarters, overall, we continued to see rational pricing activity across the industry. We know it's always competitive within the discount retail space, but we are committed to being priced right for our customer every day. After John's discussion, I will also provide an update on our execution against our operating priorities and strategic growth initiatives.

With that, I will now turn the call over to John to provide you with more detail on the third quarter financial results.

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thank you, Todd, and good morning, everyone. I will now take you through some of the important financial details for the quarter and year-to-date. Unless I specifically note otherwise, all comparisons are year-over-year.

As Todd has already discussed sales, I will start with gross profit. Gross profit as a percentage of sales was 29.5% in the third quarter, a decrease of 39 basis points. This decrease was primarily attributable to an increase in the lifeboat provision, the ongoing product category mix shift to consumables, as well as higher sales of lower margin consumable products, higher markdowns, and increased transportation costs. We've recorded a $12.5 million lifeboat provision in the third quarter of 2018, compared with a $0.5 million lifeboat provision in the third quarter of 2017. This lifeboat increase was attributable to cost increases which were primarily due to direct and indirect impacts of both tariffs and the increased transportation cost pressures.

As you've heard from us and other retailers throughout the year, our business has continued to see the effect of higher transportation costs due to the tight carrier market and higher fuel prices, among other factors. While we have navigated sales mix challenges and markdowns as part of the retail landscape for many years, the headwinds from transportation costs is a relatively more recent challenge impacting our gross margin. We anticipate this trend to continue, primarily as a result of higher carrier rates. These factors were partially offset by another quarter of improved inventory shrink.

SG&A as a percent of sales was 22.6%, a decrease of 21 basis points. The leverage in the third quarter of 2018 was primarily driven by reductions in incentive compensation, lower advertising and supplies expenses, and lower repairs and maintenance expenses as a percentage of sales. Partially offsetting those decreases were an estimated $14.1 million in hurricane-related expenses, as well as a $5.8 million year-over-year increase in other disaster-related expenses, both of which we greater than anticipated. In total, these hurricanes and disaster-related expenses had a negative 31 basis points impact on 2018 third quarter SG&A as a percent of net sales. Despite the significant negative impact of these disaster-related expenses, we were able to gain SG&A leverage even as we continued to invest in the business and in opportunities for long-term growth. We expect to continue investing in strategic initiatives that we believe will extend our runway for growth.

Moving down the income statement, our effective tax rate for the quarter was 20%, compared to 35.8% in the third quarter of 2017. This decrease is primarily attributable to the lower federal tax rate in the 2018 period as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

Finally, diluted earnings per share for the third quarter were $1.26 which includes an estimated negative impact of $0.05 related to the hurricane and disaster-related expenses that I just mentioned. It is important to note that in the fourth quarter, we also expect to report about $0.04 in expenses related to the third quarter hurricanes. These third and fourth quarter expenses are both incorporated into our updated guidance.

Turning now to our balance sheet, which remains very strong. Merchandise inventories were $4 billion at the end of the third quarter of 2018, up 10.6%, and up 4% on a per store base. We believe our inventory remains in great shape and we are focused over the long-term on managing inventory growth to be in line with or below our sales growth. Further, our ability to generate significant cash flow from operations also continues to be a great strength of the business.

Throughout the first three quarters of 2018, we generated strong cash flow from operations totaling $1.5 billion, an increase of $371 million or 32.5%. Year-to-date for the third quarter of 2018 total capital expenditures were $551 million and included our planned investments in new stores, remodels and relocations, continued investments in two distribution centers under construction, and spending related to the previously announced acceleration of certain key initiatives.

During the quarter, we repurchased 2.8 million shares of our common stock for $298 million and paid a quarterly dividend of $0.29 per common share outstanding at a total cost of $77 million. Through the end of the third quarter, we returned a total of $879 million in 2018 to our shareholders through our share repurchases and quarterly dividend payments. From the inception of our share repurchase program in December 2011 through the end of the third quarter of 2018, we have repurchased $5.8 billion, or 88 million shares, of our common stock. At the end of the third quarter, the remaining repurchase authorization was approximately $706 million.

Our capital allocation priorities remain unchanged and we continue to be disciplined and focused on financial returns. Our first priority is investing in high return growth opportunities, most notably new store expansion as well as infrastructure to support future growth. We also remain committed to returning significant cash to shareholders through anticipated share repurchases and quarterly dividends while maintaining our current investment grade credit rating and managing to a leverage ratio of approximately three times adjusted debt to EBITDAR.

Finally, moving on to our updated fiscal 2018 guidance which replaces the guidance we provided on August 30, 2018, let me remind you about some of the key drivers as we've noted throughout fiscal 2018 our earnings outlook includes our current expectations regarding the impact of transportation cost headwinds, sales mix margin pressures, and investment in our strategic initiatives. Our guidance also reflects our year-to-date results and outlook for the remainder of the year, including the higher than anticipated disaster-related expenses for both the third and fourth quarters, primarily due to Hurricanes Florence and Michael.

For fiscal 2018, we now expect net sales growth to be approximately 9%. For same-store sales growth, we expect to be in the middle of our previously provided range of mid to high 2%. For fiscal year 2018, we now expect our operating margin rate to be modestly below our fiscal year 2017 operating margin rate. This reflects the greater than anticipated disaster expenses I mentioned earlier.

Additionally, we now expect diluted EPS for the full year to be in the range of $5.85 to $6.05. Our diluted EPS guidance now assumes our tax rate will be in the range of 21% to 22%. We are narrowing the range of our expectations for capital expenditures in fiscal 2018 to $725 million to $775 million. Our outlook for fiscal 2018 real estate projects remains unchanged, and we expect to repurchase a minimum of $850 million of shares, but will be opportunistic depending on our cash flow and other factors.

We are pleased with our position as we enter the holiday season, and we are excited about the business. We believe we are implementing the right actions to help mitigate headwinds and maximize our sales growth opportunities. As always, we are focused on carefully controlling expenses even as we make targeted proactive investments. We continue to be disciplined in our we manage expenses and capital with a goal of delivering consistently strong financial performance while positioning our business for long-term growth. We remain confident in our business model and our ability to drive profitable same-store sales growth, deliver healthy new store returns, generate strong cash flow from operations, and create long-term shareholder value. With that, I will turn the call back over to Todd.

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, John. We are pleased with our financial results and are proud of the team's focus. I want to take the next few minutes to walk through how we are executing against our operating priorities and give you an update on the progress we are making on our long-term strategic growth initiatives.

Starting with our first priority of driving profitable sales growth, a portfolio of topline initiatives is contributing to the strong year-to-date performance we have seen through the third quarter of 2018. These initiatives are designed to enhance the value and convenience proposition for our customers, offering them the trusted simple solutions they seek from us every day. Our cooler expansion continues to be an important sales initiative, particularly in mature stores. The team has done a fantastic job increasing the average number of cooler doors across the chain and we are seeing a great return on this investment.

As of the end of the third quarter, we have installed more than 20,000 cooler doors across our mature store base in fiscal 2018. Based on the success of this initiative, we anticipate continuing our cooler expansion efforts in 2019.

During the third quarter, we also continued ramp up queue optimized lines throughout select stores. The performance of these queue lines remain very strong, exceeding our own expectations. We now have the queue line enhancement in approximately 7,500 stores across the chain. Given the continued success of this rollout, we anticipate expanding this initiative in 2019, as well.

We continue to be very excited about the early results from our Better-For-You initiative, which is performing well above our initial goals. We launched Better-For-You just a few months ago in response to feedback from our customers who are starting to look for healthier food options at affordable prices. We are very pleased to be able to provide these product options to our customers at attractive price points that fit their budget. Currently, we have approximately 2,700 stores that are carrying a great selection of Better-For-You products, including several items under our Good & Smart private brand. In fact, over the last 4-week period of the third quarter, half of our top ten unit movers within Better-For-You were Good & Smart branded items. We believe that the Better-For-You products appeal broadly to our customers and that we can roll out this offering to additional stores in 2019.

In addition to these initiatives, we are excited about the holiday season and our product offerings as well as several exciting sales campaigns we'll be running. In particular, I'm excited to note that we are now offering the Lego toy brand in all of our stores for the first time. Not only are we bringing a trusted and beloved toy brand to our customers during the holidays, but we have also secured the only Lego brand partnership within our channel.

In addition to merchandising, our store operations teams are hard at work enhancing the customers' shopping experience and driving productivity within the store. We continue to see improvements in overall customer satisfaction scores. We believe this is a direct result of our focus on friendliness, on-shelf availability, store cleanliness, and speed of checkout. We monitor these metrics closely and we are continually talking with our customers. The data show that the improvements in these areas are correlated with improved customer experiences, which we believe fosters greater loyalty and leads to sales growth.

We have previously discussed our opportunities to further enhance gross margin. Our initiatives related to many of these opportunities are under way and continue to deliver results. For example, our efforts and investments in inventory shrink reduction continued to pay benefits in the third quarter, as we saw our eighth consecutive quarter of sequential improvement in the shrink rate. Shrink improvement remains a near-term gross margin driver, and we are executing on multiple initiatives, including electronic article surveillance, defensive merchandising, and increased use of technology, such as video-enabled exception-based reporting. We believe there is still runway for improvement and we expect to see continued benefit from investments in these shrink initiatives.

As we noted last quarter, we have successfully reducing shrink while also increasing on-shelf availability. This balance is hard to achieve and can be tough to maintain. To further support our ability to sustain and drive on-shelf availability even higher, we are putting a number of new initiatives in place to support and drive sales growth in fiscal 2019 and beyond. These efforts dovetail nicely with our focus on driving customer traffic, as well.

In addition, to shrink reduction we also have other longer-term opportunities to enhance gross margin through a number of efforts. Starting with distribution and transportation, we continue to focus on reducing stem miles, improving load optimization, growing and diversifying our carrier base, and expanding our private fleet. With regards to our private fleet, we remain on track to expand from 80 tractors at the end of Fiscal 2017 to approximately 200 tractors by the end of the fiscal year. Two hundred tractors would cover approximately 10% of our outbound freight needs, but we believe the added flexibility and learnings can also help us down the road in the event of future carrier rate fluctuations.

We continue to evaluate opportunities to drive efficiencies and productivity within our distribution network to support profitable sales growth. Our distribution centers currently under construction in Longview, Texas, and Amsterdam, New York both remain on schedule to begin shipping in the 2019 calendar year.

Other gross margin opportunities include our efforts around category management and private brands, in particular. Throughout fiscal 2018 we have executed a strategy to promote our portfolio of value-priced high-quality private brands. Our efforts have included a relaunch of our core health and beauty brand, Studio Selection, a refinement of our advertising strategy and shifted more of our circular space to showcase our private brands, and advertising campaigns that highlight compare-and-save options versus national brands. And of course, our money-back guarantee on private brands.

Foreign sourcing remains an opportunity over the long-term as well. Currently, our efforts include strategies to mitigate the impact of tariffs on Dollar General and our customers. Over the last several years we have directly imported approximately 5% to 6% of our purchases at cost. With the current tariffs in place, including the most recent wave at 10%, we have a relatively low exposure on direct imports. Depending on the scope, a future rate increase or expansion of products subject to tariffs could have a more significant impact on our business and on our customers' budgets.

Given that backdrop, our team is working diligently to mitigate the impact, where possible, and to minimize the need for price increases. Short-term, we did opportunistic forward buying to get in front of the tariffs on some items. We have long-standing relationships with our vendors and we are working closely with them to find ways, when possible, to reduce cost. This could include shifting manufacturing to other countries, reengineering the products, or finding substitute products that are not subject to these tariffs.

In addition to the potential tariff impact, we are watching key economic factors that impact our customers. While the overall economy appears to be doing well, we know that our core customer is always challenged. With concerns about healthcare, inflation and rent expenses, and fluctuating gas prices, we know she remains very concerned about her budget. Our customers are at the center of everything we do and we remain committed to serving them with the every day low prices they have come to know and appreciate from Dollar General.

Our second priority is capturing growth opportunities. Our proven high return, low-risk model for real estate growth continues to be a core strength of the business. In addition to the tremendous contributions from new stores, our remodel program continues to add significantly to our growth. Collectively, these real estate efforts have allowed us to extend our runway for long-term growth. As a reminder, our real estate model focuses on five metrics to ensure that new store growth is the best use of our capital. These metrics include new store productivity, actual sales performance, average returns, cannibalization, and payback period. We have consistently hit our overall goals for these metrics and we are very pleased with our overall new store returns and we remain committed to invest in our capital effectively to drive strong financial returns.

This year, we shared with you our plan to execute approximately 2,000 real estate projects, including 900 new store openings, 1,000 mature store remodels, and 100 store relocations. We are on track to achieve these goals by the end of the fiscal year. This year, through the end of the third quarter, we have opened 750 stores, remodeled 925 stores, and relocated 92 stores. Of the 925 remodel stores, 359 were remodeled into the Dollar General traditional-plus format, or DGTP, which is the traditional size store with an expanded cooler count. We included a fresh produce section in 107 of these DGTP remodels.

As a reminder, our remodeled store delivers a 4% to 5% comp lift on average, and a DGTP remodel delivers, on average, of 10% to 15% comp lift. And when produce is included in a DGTP, it delivers a comp lift, on average, at the high end of that range. We currently have approximately 425 stores throughout the chain that carry produce.

We are excited to announce our plans for 2019 real estate growth. For our fiscal year 2019, we plan to open 975 new stores, remodel 1,000 mature stores, and relocate 100 stores. We are proud of the team's ability to support approximately 2,075 real estate projects in total. Of the 1,000 planned remodels, we expect approximately 500 to be in the DGPT format. We also expect to add produce to approximately 200 of these stores.

Of our 975 anticipated new stores, we plan to open approximately 10 in the DGX format. As a reminder, DGX stores are about half the size of a traditional Dollar General store and have a product selection that is tailored to vertical living customers. We currently have 3 DGX stores, which overall, are doing well versus our expectations. We are excited to continue investing in this innovative concept.

Our third operating priority is to leverage and reinforce our position as a low-cost operator. Over the years, we have established a clear and defined process to control spending. We continue to refine our process and have developed a culture highly focused on examining costs and expenses. Our spending is filtered through three criteria. First, is it customer facing? Second, does it align with our strategic priorities? And, third, how does it impact our risk profile?

We continue to focus efforts in the stores on space optimization and simplifying our operations by reducing unproductive inventory, operating complexity, and product movement within the stores. Our teams are focused on these efforts through optimization of our operations and leveraging technology in new and exciting ways. We will continue to focus on our underlying principles to keep the business simple while moving quickly to capture growth opportunities, control expenses, and always seek to be a low-cost operator.

Our fourth operating priority is to invest in our people, as we believe they are a competitive advantage. Our investments in wages continued to pay benefits in the third quarter. As of the end of the third quarter, store manager turnover was trending toward our all-time best on record, and our time-to-fill open positions was also at an all-time best. We continue to monitor the wage environment carefully and believe we remain well-positioned across the organization, as illustrated by robust applicant flow at every level. As we have seen the market change, we have proven that we are able and ready to adapt to any change. We have continued to place an emphasis on employee engagement, and our recent actions reflect our commitment to listen and respond to their feedback.

In 2018 alone, we have expanded the benefits we offer employees to address a number of their needs. For example, we now offer expanded paid parental leave for mothers and fathers, adoption assistance, day-one access to benefits for store managers, and a new dress code policy for store employees that they really seem to like. Coupled with existing benefits, such as tuition assistance and college course credits for our store manager training, we believe we are providing our employees with a comprehensive set of benefits. And perhaps more importantly, we are continuing to communicate directly with our employees and giving them a voice.

We believe all of these factors have contributed to the increase in employee engagement scores that we have seen. Even with these great benefits, we still believe that the opportunity to grow a long-term career at Dollar General is the most important currency we have to attract and retain top talent. The ability to advance to higher paying and higher responsibility jobs in a relatively short amount of time provides a great opportunity for our employees to grow in meaningful ways, both personally and professionally. Remaining the employer of choice is an important priority for us, and we believe we are well positioned to continue to attract and retain talent.

Finally, before I open the call for questions, I wanted to quickly update you on our recent progress executing against our digital and nonconsumable strategic growth initiatives. I'll start with our digital initiatives. In the near term, our digital strategy remains focused on using technology to improve the in-store experience by offering customers even more personalization and convenience. Launched earlier this year, the DG GO! app is now live in approximately 250 stores, which completes our rollout for 2018.

As a reminder, the app allows customers to use their phones to scan items as they shop and then skip the register by using the DG GO! kiosk. We estimate we currently have more than 20,000 active monthly users, and the feedback on the app continues to be positive. It seems to be fitting very nicely with our customers' shopping habits and creating an even more convenient frictionless shopping experience. We know that our customers who more frequently engage with our digital tools tend to shop with us more often and check out with larger average baskets.

We currently have more than 15 million subscriber accounts within our digital coupon program, including 1.3 million new subscribers in the third quarter alone. These subscribers have clipped more than 700 million digital coupons this year in 2018. Deploying innovative technology across our stores remains an incredible opportunity for us, and we are investing accordingly. We look forward to continuing to test, analyze, and learn as we look to further enhance the use of technology.

Turning to our nonconsumable initiative, in the second quarter we began a test of a bold, new, and expanded assortment in key nonconsumable classes; home, domestics, housewares, party, and occasions. As a reminder, this initiative is focused on first offering a new, differentiated, and limited assortment that will change throughout the year. Second, displaying the new offering in high traffic areas with improved adjacencies and increased focus on key classes to enhance the in-store experience and create a sense of purchase urgency. And third, continue to deliver exceptional value by pricing the majority of the offerings at $5.00 or less.

While the amount of space that we dedicate to nonconsumables remains the same, we believe this merchandising strategy will drive greater sell-through and enhance gross margin over time. We have added this assortment to approximately 600 stores and are on track to have approximately 700 total stores up and running by the end of the fiscal year. We are still in the early stages. That said, we are now working through our third replenishment cycle in the first set of stores where we launched this initiative, and we remain encouraged by the results we've seen.

In closing, we delivered another solid quarter and we're proud of our results. We continue to be excited about our business and believe we operate in the most attractive sector in retail. We have a differentiated business model that leverages our real estate expertise and our low-cost operating experience with our laser focus on delivering value and convenience to our customers.

I want to thank our more than 135,000 employees across the company for their dedication in fulfilling our mission of serving others. Your commitment was certainly on display this quarter as you rallied around our communities in need. As we enter the busy holiday [audio cuts out] I also want to express my gratitude to all employees for your hard work, helping our customers save time and money every day. You are our most important resource and we appreciate your contributions to Dollar General's success. We are excited about our position and we are working hard to finish out 2018 strong and head into 2019 with great momentum.

...

With that, Operator, we would now like to open the lines for questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, if you would like to ask a question please press *1 on your telephone keypad now. We'll pause for just a moment to compile the Q&A roster. The first question will come from Rupesh Parikh with Oppenheimer. Please go ahead.

Rupesh Parikh -- Oppenheimer & Company -- Analyst

Good morning. Thanks for taking my questions. So, on the gross margin line, I was hoping for more color in terms of some of the puts and takes as you look out for Q4. And also, just some initial thoughts on what headwinds you think will continue into next year.

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah, so I'll talk about the performance thus far and then talk about -- address your question in terms of what we see looking forward. You know, as you look year-to-date our gross margin's down 10 basis points. In Q3 we did see some increased year term pressures from carrier rates, tariffs, coupled with the ongoing headwinds we always managed through with mix and markdown pressures. You know, as we look ahead in the near term, I think these pressures will continue with the carrier rates and tariffs. The team continues to mitigate those and have done a really great job of that. But it's hard to say how long those pressures will persist but I would say, as I look over the long-term, we still see an opportunity to grow our gross margin, enhance it, reinvest in the business as needed.

As we look at the leverage, there's multiple levers within gross margin and SG&A. As you look at gross margin, we continue to see great performance from shrink -- 8 consecutive quarters of sequential improvement there. And with the investments we've made, the process rigor, we see that continuing. We just completed putting 10,000 -- you know, growing our EAF units from 5,000 to 10,000. We're seeing great results there. The team does a great job of category management. We continue to see opportunity to increase our private label penetration, our foreign sourcing penetration, and our nonconsumable sales. We're pleased to see positive comps again on our nonconsumables, and as Todd mentioned, pleased with what we're seeing from the nonconsumables initiative.

And on the supply chain side, while we do have the headwind of transportation costs facing everybody, the team's doing a great job. Has been proactively mitigating that. We continue to open new DCs -- two opening this year, which will reduce stem miles, continue to reduce load optimization, drive DC productivity. We're very pleased with the results we're seeing from our private fleet as we step that up from 80 to 200 tractors, based on the success we've seen, and continue to expand and diversify our carrier base.

So, a lot of leverage here within gross margin. And as we look at SG&A, we were pleased to leverage our SG&A again for the second consecutive quarter since we anniversaried the investment we made last year in our store manager compensation, which is paying off very nicely for us. So, as you look across all these, while there's some near-term headwinds, over the long-term we see an ability to enhance our gross margin and operating margin overall as we balance all the levers within operating margins.

Rupesh Parikh -- Oppenheimer & Company -- Analyst

Great. And a quick follow-up. So, lifeboat provision seems to be a bigger headwind this quarter. Do you expect that to continue into Q4?

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah, so if you look at the key drivers of the lifeboat provision -- the $12.5 million we recorded -- it was primarily attributable to direct and indirect impacts of tariffs and increased transportation cost pressures. Those do persist but I will say, as you look at Q3 because you're looking at the end of the year -- because a lot of it occurred in Q3 -- you had to reflect the impact through the first three quarters there. There will be an impact in Q4 -- a proportionate amount of that. And to the extent anything else increases or decreases, that'll change the lifeboat provision. And all this, of course, is contemplated in our guidance.

Rupesh Parikh -- Oppenheimer & Company -- Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

The next question is from Karen Short with Barclays Capital.

Karen Short -- Barclays Capital -- Analyst

Hi. Thanks for taking my question. Just wanted to follow up a little bit. So, in terms of looking forward, I guess, I mean I'm talking about '19, it seems that transport should mitigate slightly. And it doesn't sound like you will have to be making any labor investments into '19. Can you maybe just give a little color on that, if that's an accurate way to think about '19?

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah. You know, what I'll say is as we look forward -- we'll be coming out with guidance later for next year -- but what I would say is that as we look forward, we continue to see ourselves as a double-digit adjusted EPS grower. To your point, it's hard to say long the carrier rate pressure will continue, but we feel we're very well positioned with the mitigating action that we're taking, as that stabilizes. To your point on labor, as we look at labor costs, we're very well positioned right now. With the investment we made in store manager compensation last year and now we've anniversaried that, we're seeing great results in terms of -- we're on pace for the best we've seen around store manager turnover and applicant flows and staffing levels. And we see throughout the organization at the store level we're very well positioned in terms of staffing and applicant flows.

And as we look at it, we're competitive -- not just on wages, but the other benefits that Todd mentioned that we've added this year for the overall compensation, as well as when you just look at the growth opportunity within Dollar General. That's a real compelling driver for people who want to join Dollar General, as they could advance rapidly through the organization and they're looking at the career. So, as we look at it, we're well positioned. We'll look market-by-market to make sure we stay competitive, as we are now. But we don't see a major investment on the horizon like we had to make -- we made last year proactively.

So, as you look at the levers, the fundamentals of the business remain very strong. We continue to see a long runway for growth with nougated development. We continue to see great store-level economics and great returns. We continue to see our returns at the high end of that 20% after-tax IRR, which again, is burdened with the impact of cannibalization. The sales initiatives continue to perform well. We continue to grow units and share and we have multiple levers, as I mentioned, within gross margin SG&A. And in turn, the business generates a tremendous amount of cash which we can reinvest in high return projects like new store growth, strategic initiatives, and the infrastructure.

So, it's a very strong business model. A very resilient business model. And we still see ourselves as 10% growers over the long-term.

Karen Short -- Barclays Capital -- Analyst

Okay, thanks for that. And I just wanted to ask quickly about traffic. I mean, traffic obviously was positive in the second quarter and then it went to flat this quarter. Maybe just a little color on how we should think about traffic in 4Q, and I'm just wondering if there was any hurricane impact on the traffic.

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, you know, as you look at traffic, we're squarely focused on driving that top line to include the traffic that you mentioned. Being flat -- we would like to have seen a little bit more on the traffic side -- but I have to say the actions that the team has taken to drive that top line is really paying benefits in a fuller basket shop. And that's really where we're seeing the benefit right now.

But I could tell you that the team right now, as I mentioned in my prepared remarks, are squarely focused on 2019. As you can imagine, we're six months out or longer, and stay tuned as we roll out our '19 initiatives. There's some really good initiatives around driving both that top line and that traffic number into '19. We feel that long-term, the traffic number being positive is one of our most important currencies.

Karen Short -- Barclays Capital -- Analyst

Great. Thanks very much.

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Absolutely.

Operator

The next question will come from Michael Lasser with UBS. Please go ahead.

Michael Lasser -- UBS Group -- Analyst

Good morning. Thanks a lot for taking my question, Todd. Per year-to-date, your comp is trending just below 3% and you have an easier comparison in the fourth quarter and you're guiding to maybe a 2% to 2.5% as implied by your outlook. Why wouldn't it be better than that? Have you seen a slowdown to start the fourth quarter?

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah, what I would say is that as you look at -- you know, first looking at Q3 we saw a stable performance throughout the quarter. If you look at the first period of the quarter versus the last period of the quarter, they were comparable and solid throughout and positive on both consumables and nonconsumables. As you look at the full year guidance, it was a minor adjustment. We had said previously that we were looking at mid to high on comp growth and anchored folks toward the middle of that. And I think if you do the math on that doesn't suggest a material change in the trajectory there. And again, we feel very good about the initiatives in place and how they're performing, the fundamentals of the business, and continuing to take share from all channels of retailing.

Michael Lasser -- UBS Group -- Analyst

And my follow-up is, you did tweak your guidance on the cost side largely because of the hurricanes. Can you give us some more depth on what's, specifically, driving the $0.09 incremental headwind? How many stores were impacted? Is this mainly due to store damage and lost sales? And is there something else going on?

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Yeah, so as you alluded to, with the guidance change it was primarily driven by the $0.09 impact of the unanticipated disaster-related expenses. You know, as we called out, that was primarily driven by Hurricane Florence and Michael, and within that, the type of -- we hadn't disclosed the number of stores impacted, but what I will say is as you look at our footprint, we're particularly dense in coastal Carolinas and coastal Florida, as well as in rural areas where a lot of the heaviest damage was. So, we had a high store concentration there. As you look at the nature of the costs, it was store damage and repairs, inventory damage were the key drivers there. And as we did mention, while hurricanes were the primary driver here, that cost figure that we provided also includes the impact of other disasters -- most notably, floods and fires, again, that were of an unusual nature above and beyond the normal run rate that we [inaudible].

So, that was the primary driver of the guidance change, as well as just other miscellaneous puts and takes.

Michael Lasser -- UBS Group -- Analyst

Were there any other significant callouts that motivated you to adjust the guidance? Or maybe give us a little bit more detail on those.

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

No, you know, I would say that if not for the impact of the disasters, the (inaudible) that impact, we wouldn't have seen the need to adjust guidance within the other penny there, there's various puts and takes that I mentioned including the higher transportation costs and tariffs that had impact on lifeboat, but obviously, within there are a lot of puts and takes on that other penny.

Michael Lasser -- UBS Group -- Analyst

Thank you so much, and good luck with the rest of the year.

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Thank you, Michael.

Operator

The next question will come from Paul Trussell with Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead.

Paul Trussell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Good morning. Still a lot of moving parts regarding the tariff conversation, but could you just give a little bit more detail on how your business has prepared for the potential of incremental tariffs? The impact you're seeing in the P&L today and to what extent you have already mitigated some of those additional potential costs in 2019? And maybe, just taking a step back on gross margins, you outlined earlier, John, a number of positives and [inaudible] on the gross margin front, but if we look back over the last five years, I think gross margins are down roughly 90 to 100 basis points. How should we think about maybe a longer-term opportunity on gross margin and where that can get back to?

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure, Paul. So, as you look at the tariffs, obviously we -- like a lot of folks out there in retail -- we're very proactive around the possible tariff impact that we saw coming down. We took a lot of proactive steps, including as we talk about, mitigating steps to order some products in a little bit early. So, some opportunity to move some product in a little earlier. We did that. We've been working diligently with our community overseas, particularly in China -- our offices there in our vendor community -- to ensure that we can reduce some costs. We've got great relationships, big relationships with those vendors over there, those factories and players. And we've been able to do a lot around reducing some of the costs, to also move around some of these tariffs.

And then, lastly, we continue to move product and look for ways to move product out of China. You know, that's not a phenomenon that happens overnight, but if you go back, we've been talking about moving product out of China for quite a while and not being so China-centric. We've been working hard at that, so I believe we are a little bit ahead of the game there and we continue to work hard to move product lines and different opportunities to move things out of China itself.

You know, as you look at gross margins just in general, I would say the team has done a really good job in the environment that is out there right now. I could tell you that we've got a lot of levers that we continue to pull in gross margin, as John has indicated. And we continue to work really hard around making sure that whatever we do at the end of the day is that we've got the right price for the consumer. And that's always top of mind for us.

And I believe you see through our [audio cuts out] surveys that we are in very, very good shape on pricing, because at the end of the day long-term that will be the real litmus test for the consumer on your health as a company. And we believe our share gains as of late have come because of our pricing and our pricing activity, and that's always been there and always will continue to be there. But we stayed really focused on margins to deliver both that top line and the bottom line. But operating margin is really where our focus is and we'll continue to work all the levers.

Paul Trussell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Thank you very much. And just a quick follow-up, I appreciate you giving your forward guidance regarding store expansion and remodel opportunities. Maybe just quickly, give a little bit more detail around what you see as the white space opportunity. Are these stores being opened in mostly -- these are backfilling current markets? To what extent are you looking to penetrate urban markets? And also, what have you seen in terms of your latest class of stores from a productivity and returns standpoint.

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure. You know, as you take a look at it, the team's done a great job over the years. One of our core strengths is finding the right opportunity out there -- the right real estate. And then opening stores. And over the years, Paul, we've done a very good job in really watching the key metrics that we talked about. I can tell you that the latest class of stores in 2018 have been coming right out of the ground just where we thought it would. So, again, right in that upper 90s to 100% of proforma range and that continues to be right where we believe the sweet spot is.

And, as we continue to look out, we think there's a tremendous amount of runway still to open up stores in the continental United States. The class in 2019 will look very similar to the class of 2018 as far as the makeup between rural, metro, and more urban type settings. So, again, heavily driven toward the -- a little bit more driven toward the rural communities. But yet, over time, we believe that opening more and more stores in metro is the right thing to do, and we have strategic goals and opportunities and initiatives centered around that that we're going to talk about a little bit further as you move into 2019.

But it suffices to say that our format that we've developed over the years has really given us the opportunity the white space up, and we still believe there's 12,000 to 13,000 opportunities to put a Dollar General store out in the continental United States, and in the areas that are not as familiar, as evidenced by opening 10 next year -- DGX stores is what our goal is. And those are in vertical-living, more densely populated areas in some key cities out there across the U.S. So, we feel as good as ever about our real estate portfolio, and to include our remodel program, which is very, very strong and continues to throw off fabulous comps as we continue to move forward, too. So, we've got a great runway in front of us and we're capitalizing on that very quickly.

Paul Trussell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Thank you for the color. Best of luck.

Operator

The next question will come from Vincent Sinisi with Morgan Stanley. Please go ahead.

Vincent Sinisi -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Hey, great, good morning, guys. Thanks very much for taking my question. Just wanted to go back one second just to the revised outlook. You know, kind of the puts and takes and tell me if I'm thinking about this correctly, as well, right? If you kind of take the midpoint of your new guidance on the EPS lines and the commentary around the EBID, you have done a great job of telling kind of what the hurricane impact is. And then, if you kind of add the lower tax rate benefit in there, it seems like there's still a little bit more of a core EBID decline there.

From the commentary, it sounds like that's largely really around the gross side with the transportation costs and tariffs. I guess, is that kind of a good sum-up? Is that true? And are there any other factors for 4Q, specifically, that we all should be thinking about?

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

I think that is a good summary. As you stated, the biggest driver there was the hurricane, the disaster-related expenses. And as you look at that other penny, there were puts and takes. You know, in retail you're always battling through mix and markdowns and we've been doing that for years very well. I think the piece that adds a little extra pressure this quarter is, and for the near term, is the higher transportation cost and tariffs. But I think that was a good summary overall. And again, over the long-term we see a lot of levers to not only mitigate these but enhance our gross margin and operating margin.

Vincent Sinisi -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

 For sure. Okay, that's helpful. And then maybe just a follow-up, this is kind of more of a big picture thought. You know, when we're thinking about the future of how you continue to generate solid ticket and traffic -- you know, you talk about numerous initiatives, of course, as well as mix changes and tests and formats. It seems, at least, like with some of the store growth plan and different formats on the smaller ones and the plus, I guess the basic question here is, what are some of the bigger learnings so far? And while maybe '19 store growth is going to be similar to '18, how do you see the mix and also maybe the makeup of the sizes of the stores maybe changing going forward?

 Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

So, that's a great question. We look at that, obviously, very often internally and we actually build our initiatives around those very thoughts. And I could tell you that we intentionally developed these additional formats to be able to move into certain demographics across the U.S. where a one-size-fits-all mentality is really not the way to be productive and to make the most of your real estate portfolio. And, of course, driving top line and traffic, as you indicated. So, having those opportunities to put stores, for instance, with a produce selection in areas that are more food deserts in the United States -- both in the rural communities and, by the way, in more metro settings -- we find that we can drive a tremendous amount of traffic that way.

Same thing with our cooler expansion that we've been very, very open about over the last many years. I would tell you that if you're thinking about a baseball game here, we're still probably only in the bottom of the fifth inning when it comes to our cooler expansion opportunities, both in our mature store base and, of course, as we continue to refine our Dollar General Plus and DGPT concepts with broader cooler expansions in them.

And again, I think as you look at this, our consumers are voting with their pocketbooks. And we're driving nice comps through the box today and when you look at these remodels throwing off 10% to 15% comp lifts in DGPT with these additional coolers, and then the high-end with produce, we feel that we've got a real good runway ahead of us to continue to drive both traffic, tickets, and overall sales very profitable. Which is our first priority out there -- is driving that profitable sales growth.

So, overall, we believe the portfolio is very strong. Now, as you move in the outer years, you will see a mix change to a -- it won't be a radical change -- it'll be a slow methodical change to a little bit more of a heavier metro mix as we continue to build the portfolio out. But it will be, we'll signal that very well over time and we'll make sure that, in fact, we do it very methodically. And, again, as I indicated, we'll talk in 2019 some initiatives we have around our urban settings and our urban initiatives that we're working on very hard right now out there.

Vincent Sinisi -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Okay. Super helpful color. Thanks very much, guys. Best of luck.

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure.

Operator

The next question is from Matthew Boss with J.P. Morgan. Please go ahead.

Aaron Gray -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

This is Aaron Gray on for Matt Boss. Thanks for the question. As you think about your underlying EPS profile, are we right to think that accident impact of hurricanes and tax reform we're still on track to hit roughly around 10% EPS growth for the year? And then, as we look forward, any change to your ability to drive double-digit EPS for the next few years?

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

No, I think that's the way to look at it. As you look at this year, we feel very good with the guidance we provided that that provides a very strong top line / bottom line performance for the year while reinvesting in our initiatives is consistent with that long-term goal of driving double-digit adjusted earnings-per-share growth. And, as I mentioned earlier, as we look over the long-term, we continue to see ourselves as a double-digit EPS grower with the strong fundamentals of the business on new store growth with the performance Todd mentioned driving comp growth with the initiatives in place, continuing to grow units and shares with the number of levers we have with an operating margin I mentioned. And the tremendous amount of cash this business generates to reinvest -- we see this as a strong resilient business model with the fundamentals unchanged, and I think that's the right way to think about it.

Aaron Gray -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Okay, great. Thanks. And then on SG&A, are we still right to think about 2.5% to 3% as the underlying mixed cost hurdle for the fourth quarter? And then also, looking to 2019?

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Well, we don't break down guidance specifically between SG&A and gross margin by quarter. We did give the overall guidance for the year, but I would say our goal remains to leverage SG&A in that 2.5% to 3% range. And we're pleased to have done that the last two quarters since we anniversaried that important investment in our store management compensation and over the long-term a lot of leverage to do that, and that's our goal and intention.

Aaron Gray -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Okay. Great, thank you.

Operator

The final question is from Gregory van Inwegen with Citi. Please go ahead.

Garrett Klumpar -- Citi -- Analyst

Hey guys. It's actually Garrett Klumpar on for Greg. It's pretty instant. Just wanted to touch on the DG for the last -- continue to see, you know, pretty good growth there. Just wondering, you know, you called out improving the in-store experience is the biggest near-term on digital, but just wondered if we could get a little more color on what specifically you think are the key areas of improving that convenience offering for customers?

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure. You know, we talk to our customers all the time and, as you know, convenience is measured differently depending on what customer you ask. But I could tell you that we're squarely focused on making the convenience offering within our four walls even more convenient. Again, we're very convenient as far as where we're located. We're very convenient -- you can park at the front door, walk in. You can get in and out of our stores with a five or six item shopping experience in less than 10 minutes -- 5 in most cases. But you know what? Our consumers are also saying, "How do you even get more convenience?"

So, the DG GO! app does that where she can skip the checkout line by checking herself out. And what we've seen is good adoption, so far with that app. Again, only 250 stores, like everything here at Dollar General, we test and we learn before we move and roll out. And we want to make sure that the return is as strong as we believe it will be for this initiative.

So, stay tuned. More to come. We believe that we're on the right track because, again, it's about making sure that our consumers have a frictionless shopping experience. Quick in and out, and we give her exactly what she wants here at Dollar General.

Garrett Klumpar -- Citi -- Analyst

All right. Great, thanks so much.

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

...

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, we've reached the end of the allotted time for the Q&A session. We thank you for your participation. You may now disconnect.

Duration: 62 minutes

Call participants:

Jennifer Beugelmans -- Vice President, Investor Relations & Public Relations

Todd J. Vasos -- Chief Executive Officer

John W. Garratt -- Chief Financial Officer & Executive Vice President

Rupesh Parikh -- Oppenheimer & Company -- Analyst

Karen Short -- Barclays Capital -- Analyst

Michael Lasser -- UBS Group -- Analyst

Paul Trussell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Vincent Sinisi -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Aaron Gray -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Garrett Klumpar -- Citi -- Analyst

More DG analysis

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