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HP Inc (HPQ) Q2 2019 Earnings Call Transcript

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HPQ earnings call for the period ending April 30, 2019.

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HP Inc (HPQ -1.54%)
Q2 2019 Earnings Call
May 23, 2019, 5:30 p.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good day everyone and welcome to the Second Quarter 2019 HP Inc. Earnings Conference Call. My name is William and I'll be your conference moderator for today's call. At this time, all participants will be in listen-only mode. We will be facilitating a question-and-answer session toward the end of the conference. (Operator Instructions) And as a reminder, this conference is being recorded for replay purposes.

And I would now like to turn the call over to Beth Howe, Head of Investor Relations. Please go ahead.

Beth Howe -- Head, Investor Relations

Good afternoon. I'm Beth Howe, Head of Investor Relations for HP Inc. And I'd like to welcome you to the fiscal 2019 second quarter earnings conference call with Dion Weisler, HP's President and Chief Executive Officer and Steve Fieler, HP's Chief Financial Officer.

Before handing the call over to Dion, let me remind you that this call is being webcast. A replay of the webcast will be made available on our website shortly after the call for approximately one year. We posted the earnings release and the accompanying slide presentation on our Investor Relations webpage at

As always, elements of this presentation are forward-looking and are based on our best view of the world and our businesses as we see them today. For more detailed information, please see disclaimers in the earnings materials relating to forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. For a discussion of some of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, please refer to HP's SEC reports, including our most recent Form 10-K and Form 10-Q. HP assumes no obligation and does not intend to update any such forward-looking statements.

We also note that the financial information discussed on this call reflects estimates based on information available now and could differ materially from the amount ultimately reported in HP's Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 30, 2019 and HP's other SEC filings.

During this webcast, unless otherwise specifically noted, all comparisons are year-over-year comparisons with the corresponding year ago period. For financial information that has been expressed on a non-GAAP basis, we've included reconciliations to the comparable GAAP information. Please refer to the tables and slide presentation accompanying today's earnings release for those reconciliations.

And now, I'll turn it over to Dion.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Beth. Good afternoon and thank you for joining us. In Q2, as you can see from our results, we are delivering on our plan, demonstrating strong execution and progress on our priorities. Our strategy remains consistent. The engineer experiences that amaze, while driving profitable growth. We are striking the right balance between driving results for today and investing for the long-term. We are leading in our core PC and print markets, while extending our portfolio of services and solutions in our growth and future categories.

In the second quarter, revenue was $14 billion, up 2% in constant currency. Non-GAAP diluted EPS was $0.53, up 10% and at the high end of our outlook range. Free cash flow was strong at $747 million and we returned $936 million to shareholders in the form of stock repurchases and dividend.

We continue to operate in a dynamic environment that includes ongoing industry component constraints as well as macroeconomic, geopolitical and tariff uncertainties. But we have a highly experienced team and know-how to navigate through complex market conditions. Despite industrywide issues, we will stay laser-focused on our strategy to drive long-term sustained performance, the trust in our brand and create shareholder value.

Let me provide a few highlights and color on each of our businesses. We continued to execute well in Personal Systems. Revenue grew 5% in constant currency, with strong operating margins of 4.3%. Innovation and design are setting our product mix apart and we're making disciplined investments in solutions and demand generation.

We continue to drive profitable growth through relentless focus on customer insights and by aggressively pursuing targeted opportunities to go after the heat in the market. While PC growth across the industry was more subdued this quarter, HP continued to outperform the market and gain profitable share.

Our commercial portfolio remained strong with growth in both commercial desktops and notebooks. As IT decision makers look to create the office of the future, they are turning to HP to support their requirements for both manageability and security. The small and medium-sized businesses, we expanded our AMD portfolio with the launch of HP ProBooks incorporating premium design and versatility. We also expanded on our premium offerings with the new Intel-based EliteBook 800, bring robust security to mainstream business users. This includes HP Sure Sense a new software that harnesses AI to detect and prevent malware threat.

We also continue to raise the bar for gamers with new OMEN devices, software, displays and accessories. As any gamer will tell you, gaming is all about immersion, experience and competition. We are growing our ecosystem and setting new benchmarks for esports including last week's launch of the OMEN X2S , the world's first dual-screen gaming laptop.

What makes this system special is that it enabled multitasking for gamers to message, watch the Twitch stream or run other apps without ever having to take their eyes off the game. While we are growing our core, we are continuing to gain momentum in strategic growth areas including devices of service and retail solutions. This quarter we announced HP DaaS Proactive Security, a significant extension to HP's award winning DaaS solution, providing the world's most advanced Windows 10 security service for files and browsing.

And in our retail solutions business, HP engage our retail point-of-sale solution was selected to power roughly 2,000 stores for one of the world's largest office product retailers. Shifting to printing, we again outperformed the market in a challenging environment. Total revenue declined 2% and as expected supplies declined 3%.

In supplies, we are taking decisive action. We have made and continued to make improvements in our business management systems and to enhance our measurements of the market and our performance. We are simplifying and strengthening our pricing discipline to achieve consistency of our value proposition. Also in Q2, we increased both our brand protection activities and our online marketing with a focus on search and demand generation.

Finally, growing our contractual businesses and evolving our business models remain key strategic initiatives. In hardware, revenue growth in commercial was offset by weaker consumer demand. Not all hardware is created equal and we are focused on shifting the installed base to more productive and profitable units. In Q2, we saw commercial revenue growth in A3 and A4 enterprise.

We also introduced a new generation of office jet pro products and reimagined the print experience for the very small and medium-sized businesses and employees of printing. Our design team connected with thousands of small business owners across the globe to create a product that meets their unique needs. Built with sustainability in mind, it incorporates best-in-class security and a new smart task workflow solution into a printer that is 39% smaller than the previous generation. This was the insight required to fit into today's smaller and more versatile workspaces.

Turning toward the contractual market including A3, we continue to make progress and leveraging our differentiated technology and IT to capture opportunities. In Q2, we won several large Managed Print Service contracts, including a multi-million dollar deal with Petrobras to provide a comprehensive portfolio of solutions and services improving our A3 design jet and PageWide products.

And in graphics printing, we extended the business into a natural adjacency, opening an entirely new market for us with the launch of the HP STITCH portfolio. These digital textile printers are specifically designed for sportswear, interior decor and soft signage application. HP STITCH builds on HP's leadership in inkjet technology with precise color matching and cost-efficient streamline production capabilities.

Turning to 3D Printing. This month we expanded our portfolio with the introduction of our most advanced Multi Jet Fusion systems today, the Jet Fusion 5200. By bringing together innovations in systems, data intelligence, software and material science, we are able to deliver new levels of manufacturing, predictability and applications potential. And we are excited the companies like Jaguar-Land Rover are early uses of this new system.

Of course, transformation of large manufacturing industries doesn't happen in isolation. Our customers are looking for complete solutions that integrate into their long-term manufacturing roadmaps and existing processes. This month we announced industrial alliances with Siemens and BASF. We will deliver an end-to-end digital manufacturing solution that integrate HP's 3D Printing portfolio with Siemens digital industries offerings, from 3D design to simulation, production, factory planning and analytics. Together, we will be working with automotive and industrial companies to transform their manufacturing with existing customers, including Volkswagen.

Finally, I want to spend a moment on an exciting announcement we made just this week. HP and Smile Direct Club, the leader in teledentistry announced a milestone partnership to reinvent the orthodontics industry. To keep up with demand and accelerate the growth, Smile Direct Club will be deploying a fleet of 49 HP 3D printing systems to produce more than 50,000 unique mold per day, one of the largest 3D printing projects in the United States. This is truly industrial scale 3D production.

Together, these are all significant steps for our 3D printing business. Our expanded portfolio, materials and industrial alliances enable us to serve a growing range of customers with a diverse range of manufacturing needs. We are well positioned within the digital manufacturing industry and are helping to ignite the fourth industrial revolution.

Overall, I'm pleased with our Q2 results. We will remain focused on driving great innovation, disciplined execution and prudent cost management. We remain agile and adaptable in the face of volatility and ever-changing landscape. We will continue to execute today, while we invest in our growth and future businesses.

With that context, I'm going to turn it over to Steve for closer look at the number.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Dion. In Q2, we demonstrated resilience and overall delivered a solid quarter. We grew revenue in constant currency, we grew operating profit dollars and non-GAAP EPS grew double-digits. We see opportunities ahead as well as ongoing uncertainties and remain focused on executing our long-term strategy as we navigate in a dynamic environment.

In the second quarter, net revenue was $14 billion, flat or up 2% in constant currency. Regionally, in constant currency, Americas declined 1%, EMEA was up 2%, and APJ grew 11%. Gross margin was 19.4%, up 10 basis points year-over-year. Sequentially, gross margin was up 1.6 percentage points, in line with normal seasonality, driven by both rate and mix improvement.

Non-GAAP operating expenses were $1.7 billion, up 1% driven by an increase in SG&A. Non-GAAP net OI&E expense was $60 million for the quarter. We delivered non-GAAP diluted net earnings per share of $0.53, up $0.05 or 10%, with the diluted share count of approximately 1.5 billion shares. Non-GAAP diluted net earnings per share excludes, amortization of intangible assets of $29 million, acquisition related charges of $11 million, restructuring and other charges of $69 million, non-operating retirement related credits of $10 million, tax adjustments resulting in a benefit of $43 million, and the tax-related impact on all of these items. As a result, Q2 GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.51.

At the segment level, in Personal Systems, we are executing well and delivering consistent profitable growth. I'm pleased with the team's ability to remain focused on our long-term strategy, while navigating each quarter in a highly dynamic market environment. Total Personal Systems revenue in the second quarter was $8.9 billion, up 2% and up 5% in constant currency. Operating margins improved 50 basis points to 4.3%, driven by improved mix, which we view as more structural as well as better rates, largely a result of supply chain cost favorability, partially offset by unfavorable currency.

Our Q2 results reflect our ability to manage through a constraint CPU environment, segment our markets, identify areas of profitable growth and make trade-off as appropriate. By customer segment, commercial revenue was up 7%. Consumer revenue declined 9%, driven by overall market softeness. By product category revenues up 7% for desktops, up 6% for workstations, and down 1% for notebooks. Overall, in calendar quarter one, our market share was 23.2%, up 0.5 points year-over-year and demand for our products remain strong.

Turning to Printing, our reinvention journey continues, as we outperform our respective markets, continue to target growth opportunities, and make progress addressing challenges in our core. Revenue was $5.1 billion in the quarter, down 2% year-over-year nominally and in constant currency. Commercial hardware revenue growth was more than offset by declines in consumer hardware and supply.

Hardware units were down 4% with consumer and commercial categories down 4% and 3% respectively. Having said that, we outperformed the market gaining share in the calendar first quarter in both our home and office businesses and in key segments, including A3. We continued to make progress in our contractual offering. This includes strong growth in Instant Ink, where we are growing revenue and our global subscriber base, and in MPS, where we continue to grow revenue as well. In Q2, supplies revenue was down 3% nominally and in constant currency. We continue to operate below our Tier 1 channel inventory ceiling.

As Dion just described, we are taking several actions in this business. As part of our business management system, we're implementing programs to enhance our visibility in the downstream channel. We have made initial progress lowering Tier 1 channel inventory, but there's still more progress to be made over the next two quarters, particularly in Tier 2 in the downstream ecosystem.

We still anticipate supplies revenue will decline approximately 3% in constant currency for the full year. In Print, operating margins expanded 40 basis points to 16.4%, driven by spend favorability as we balance tight expense management with continued strategic investments in key growth initiatives, including 3D. During the cash flow and capital allocation, Q2 cash flow from operations was $861 million and free cash flow was $747 million.

In Q2, the cash conversion cycle was minus 32 days. Sequentially, the cash conversion cycle weakened three days. The change was primarily driven by a four-day increase in accounts receivable, which was impacted by revenue linearity. We saw one day increase of days of inventory and a two-day increase in accounts payable.

We returned over 100% of free cash flow to shareholders in the quarter. This included $691 million for share repurchases and $245 million via cash dividends. For the full year, we still expect to return approximately 75% of free cash flow to shareholders. Looking forward to second half of FY '19, keep the following in mind related to our overall financial outlook. We expect an increased headwind from currency, we have incorporated the impact from tariffs currently in place, including the increase from 10% to 25% implemented earlier this month, so we have not included the impact from any future tariffs.

In Personal Systems, we expect CPU supply constraints to continue through the third calendar quarter. Also, as I have said before, we remain committed to driving productivity and investing for growth at the same time. Effective cost management remains a critical element of our success in very competitive markets. And we'll continue looking for ways to operate more efficiently and effectively.

In addition, for the full year, we expect our non-GAAP tax rate, which is based on our long-term non-GAAP financial projections to be 16% in FY '19. Taking these considerations into account, we are providing the following outlook. Q3 '19 non-GAAP diluted net earnings per share to be in the range of $0.53 to $0.56. Q3 '19 GAAP diluted earnings per share to be in the range of $0.49 to $0.52. We are updating our full year fiscal 2019 non-GAAP diluted net earnings per share to be in the range of $2.14 to $2..21 and full year fiscal '19 GAAP diluted net earnings per share to be in the range of $2.04 to $2.11.

Now, let's open up the call for questions.

Questions and Answers:


Thank you. And we will now begin the question-and-answer session. (Operator Instructions) And our first questioner today will be Jim Suva with Citigroup. Please go ahead.

Jim Suva -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Thank you very much and I'll ask both my questions at the same time and you can do them in any order and they are pretty simple. While you updated your EPS guidance, I don't believe in the slides, your prepared comments you mentioned free cash flow changes, just help us bridge that.

And then more importantly, now that we've driven past the hiccups of the Four Box Model and the ink supplies that you've had challenges with. Can you give us a backward looking as we progressed through that? What exactly looking back happened that you learned and have you fully overcome those speed bumps and how should we think about the Four Box Model like do you have to put in a couple of variable, new variables or adjustments, now that you looks like you've made progress. How should we think about what you've learned from that, as we all learned in life all the time? Thank you very much.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

Jim let me address the free cash flow question first. So, we have not always updated our free cash flow guide on particular earnings calls. But I will confirm that we are still expecting to achieve a $3.7 billion or greater for the full year in cash flow and the assumptions are pretty straightforward, similar to prior quarters.

First of all, just to remind everyone, we do expect over time that free cash flow to grow in line with earnings and we are taking into, into account our earnings for the year, our cash conversion cycle and volume. And when I look at the first half of the year, we did deliver $1.4 billion of free cash flow and so that would leave $2.3 billion in the back half of this year. We actually achieved $2.3 billion in FY '18 and $2.2 billion in FY '17. So, this is very consistent to where we've been in prior years. And really the assumptions are around, I would expect that there would be some upside favorability to the cash conversion cycle, which ends at minus 32 days in Q2 and also that we would expect to see that the normal Personal Systems volume in the second half, which is higher than the first half. So, that's on the free cash flow.

Dion, you want to comment on where we are on suppliers, I can add to it.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, absolutely. Jim, thanks for the question. I can assure you that we are all over this, as you can imagine. We are taking very decisive actions on the plans that we outlined last quarter. I think we were very detailed in how we thought about last quarter and how we explained really six things, four operational things and two strategic initiatives that we needed to drive. Since then I put our supplies task force as well as the global program office in place with a primary focus on EMEA and then to ensure consistency across all of the regions.

We've identified and begun implementing several changes already. I'll walk you through, where we are on the floor operational issues and the two strategic areas of focus that I outlined on quarter one and then I'll have Steve chime in as well.

So firstly, let me start with the operational actions. We are making changes in our marketing and go-to-market to address our supply share and you recall that was really, where we primarily deviated from the Four Box Model last quarter. We've increased our investment in search significantly versus last year in all regions and we've improved our search coverage in the main markets within EMEA. We've also changed our marketing mix with key online marketplaces to improve the prioritization of HP original supplies.

Secondly, we are upping our game in terms of brand protection. We're going to defend our brand as well as our intellectual property to ensure that our customers receive the quality, the benefit, the sustainability in environmental advantages that original HP supplies provide.

Thirdly, we are working with our Tier 2 channel partners to gain more visibility into the overall Tier 2 channel inventory and to reduce the overall level of inventory.

And fourthly, we're bolstering our business management systems. For example, we are improving our pricing discipline and we're continuing to enhance our data management, we are leveraging the big data and the telemetry information that we're now collecting and we're doing that across the installed base of printers that we outlined in Q1 to provide more accurate and timely reporting and insight.

Regarding the two strategic areas of focus; firstly, as we actually discussed at Sam and on prior calls, we're evolving in print, focus on driving growth in our contractual business, certainly where our customers are really interested in transacting with us through those contractual motions. And then finally, we're adopting new business models to continue to drive long-term value in print.

And Steve with that, it's probably good idea to provide some additional color on the progress in channel inventory and other areas.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes, maybe I guess I'll add to that. And Jim, just kind of remind us that what we identified in Q1, kind of relative to the assumptions we had in our model, where we had inaccurate assumptions were primarily around share, I think which Dion just addressed in his remarks. And then to lesser extent, pricing. And so there are a lot of, let's call them through forecast changes, we are making to better NOI share from the telemetry that Dion mentioned also online and other customer analytics.

And then from a channel in inventory perspective, we are making good progress, bringing down the channel inventory as we mentioned in last call.


And our next questioner today will be Katy Huberty with Morgan Stanley. Please go ahead.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you. Good afternoon. We've spent in the companies that aren't even halfway through their required refresh or upgrade to Windows 10. And so how significant could the commercial PC demand be in the back half of the year? And should we think about that as a more protected IT project versus some of the areas, where we're hearing about push outs? Then I have a follow-up.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So, I won't make any specific kind of revenue guide counter. But I will say in general that what we're seeing in the market and is generally in line with the industry analysts are saying as well, is that we have a more favorable commercial market and a softer consumer one. And we have seen strength in commercial and are expecting a bit of a tailwind and lift from the Win 10 refresh in the second half of the year. And even directory beyond this year, the Win 10 migration has been executed, let's call, I guess bit more smoothly than in prior rollover period. So, do not expect a significant trough in 2020. So, it is a drivers and the commercial demand we're seeing.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

And Steve, I assume that also plays into the confidence around the cash conversion cycle?

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

It does. I mean the, again big assumption is, you could call it normal seasonality, but that are second half in Personal Systems will be higher than first half and that is driven by some of the strength we're seeing in commercial, which is partially offset by some of the consumers softness.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

What I've been really impressed with, Katy, is being this relentless focus on customer insight and turning that insight into innovation. I think the Personal Systems team and Alex and together with the regions have really listened to our customers. We continue to launch incredible products. We know there is an incredible area of concern around cyber and its front center within the portfolio and as a result of that we're seeing really strong demand for our products, particularly in the commercial space.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

And then what is the impact from tariffs that you've baked into the full-year guide? What mitigating actions are you taking around the manufacturing footprint and any new pass-through pricing?

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

It's a great question, Katy. And if you're watching CNBC today, you would have seen that they were asking that question relentlessly. So, let me kind of bifurcate my answer on tariffs into two portions. The first is the current tariffs that we know about. Our guidance includes the impact of the tariffs that are currently in place including the increase from 10% to 25% that went into effectively this month. So, here I'm referring to that roughly $200 billion trade tariff list.

Regarding the new list that was published earlier this month, clearly it's an industrywide situation in the US that has continued to be very dynamic. And so we don't speculate or comment on potential impacts until we know all the facts and we are still hopeful that agreement will be reached. And the reason I say that is, because it's really highly uncertain. First of all, we don't know if the additional tariffs will happen at all. Secondly, if they do happen, we don't know when that would be -- when that would happen and the timing on that really does make a big difference. And thirdly, we don't know what the final list of products will be, what will be included, what may be excluded.

And finally, we don't know how much or what the tariff rates would be. So, I know that's quite a few variables and all of those variables can change the calculus quite significantly. And we've seen that in the past, as we work through the first $200 billion list of tariffs. We've seen those variables in play there have been multiple phases, there have been products that have been on the list and excluded from the list and there have been changes to the tariff rates over time.

So, we continue to assess the potential impact to the business and we are very active. We are not sitting idly by the way looking at multiple scenarios and we're working with US administration. We're working with others in the industry and we are working with our supply chain on mitigation to ensure the best outcome for our ecosystem of customers and partners as well as our shareholders.

So, clearly the implementation of incremental tariffs on the complete list of products imported from China would have industrywide impacts. The impact would likely be more felt in the near-term. And Steve, you might have some additional color.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, in terms of the levers, we do have a number of levers that we would expect to use to mitigate the gross exposure from these tariffs down to a net exposure. This does include optimizing our manufacturing facilities around the world, adjustments to pricing and other items. We would plan to use these mitigations to drive down again to a net impact. I do want to emphasize or reemphasize what Dion said, because the specifics are absolutely essential around any assumptions or any quantification of what this net impact could be.

We are assuming, however, in the sort of the scenarios, we're working through that we experienced more of a shorter term impact that would diminish over time. And to be clear, again, our guidance both the EPS and free cash flow does include the impacts of the tariffs currently in place, but not any contemplation of the additional tariffs under consideration.


And the next questioner today will be Toni Sacconaghi with Bernstein. Please go ahead.

Toni Sacconaghi -- Sanford C. Bernstein -- Analyst

Yes, thank you. You talked a lot on the last earnings call about this increased reception to purchasing remanufactured supplies online, particularly in Europe. And I think widespread investor concern is, do you believe that that's a structural issue now that you've had 90 more days to think and look can gather data on it. So specifically, are you seeing any evidence that -- of that occurring in other geographies?

And you talked about some new inputs into the Four Box Model around price and share. So, given those inputs and given what do you consider remand -- increased remand to be structural or cyclical. What is your belief for what normalized supplies growth should be going forward and do you actually reach that in 2020?

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Right. Thanks, Toni. Thanks for the question. I'll take the first one, and Steve, you might want to take the second. So if I catch you correctly, to paraphrase it, the supplies online issues spreading into other regions, i.e. America Americas or APJ. As we said in the last call, the underlying factors around the shift to online and contractual are absolutely global in nature. And we live in a very connected world. Both Americas and APJ both began addressing these trends earlier than EMEA do.

Therefore, our primary focus remains EMEA. That said, the competition doesn't stand still and neither will we. We're sharing the learnings from the global task force with the other regions to ensure a consistent approach as we will continue to monitor these trends in every single region, we will fine-tune, we will adjust as the market conditions will inevitably evolve. That's why I have a global program management office around this and we are looking at this from a global perspective, but the real primary focus remains in EMEA because Americas and APJ got started earlier.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

And then on to me the specific maybe numbers. So, maybe starting with Q2. Our Q2 results of minus 3%. We're starting to be in line with our expectations and similar trend as Q1, the decline was driven primarily from EMEA. I would say broadly speaking, our forecast assumptions are holding as we look into the remainder of '19. There is no change to our full year outlook. We are still expecting approximately minus 3% in constant currency. This would include the remaining take down of the channel inventory and also the revised share in pricing assumptions described on the last call.

It is difficult to pinpoint the precise timing of all the reduction between Q3 and Q4. So there could be some slight quarterly growth rate variability along with other natural business movements. It all depend on the timing of the actions and how they play through these ecosystem.

In regards to -- I guess beyond FY '19, it's going to depend on multiple factors and multiple variables and the progress we're making around installed base in the type of units replacing usage share and pricing as well as any evolution in our business model. And so, I not going to comment any more specific on FY '20 or beyond at this point.

Toni Sacconaghi -- Sanford C. Bernstein -- Analyst

But just to follow-up, Steve. If you're explicitly saying that you've made a change in share and price assumption in your Four Box Model, I presume both of those were not positive, they were negative. And so, if that's the case then why wouldn't the structural longer term supplies growth rate be lower than what you had thought before? And why -- if you're taking down all the inventory, why wouldn't we be at that normalized rate in 2020?

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Well, you're correct that the assumptions -- changed assumptions were to the negative. We did bring down our share assumptions for remainder of this year as well as pricing. That's not to suggest that the actions that Dion described can move those in either direction and ideally, we're working to move those up and to share winback programs as well as to drive more consistent pricing across the ecosystem, including the omnichannel. So, those the actions we're working clearly to make sure we're addressing the supplies headwinds we are facing this year.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

And that's really Toni break the actions down into operational issues, which we do expect to have an impact on those levers, as well as the longer-term strategic focus areas, evolving our print focus, driving more toward contractual business and adopting new business models within the print business unit.


And the next questioner today will be Steve Milunovich with Wolfe Research. Please go ahead.

Steve Milunovich -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Hewlett Packard Enterprise just indicated that they've been seen fairly recently I guess maybe over the last four to six weeks a slowdown in business, maybe shifting out of business in the next quarter. And are you see anything like that? It doesn't look like you're seeing that on the PC side, but I would think on the commercial printers side, you might have some sense of that. So, are you sensing that larger accounts are taking longer to close?

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

We saw strength in commercial. So, I wouldn't highlight any beyond that strength in commercial.

Steve Milunovich -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Okay. Steve, you talked about trying to front-end load printer revenue a little bit more. Beyond contractual, are there other things that you're thinking you can do? And how significant could that be, and how long might it take?

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

So, when I sort of made the comment on your business model evolution, there are sort of multiple dimensions to that. I think the primary one we've been focused on is, what you alluded to, and it's the shift to contractual. And so we've been at that for some time and continue to make progress around our management services revenue as well as shifting more to Instant Ink, which continues to grow for the company. So I think that's been our primary driver.

In terms of the sort of where that the profit in the lifetime value of hardware unit is, we already are operating in certain geographies where we do have printers that generate more profit of the lifetime upfront. And so, I think we'll continue to work on different areas and different models in the future, but there's really not a whole lot more to describe at this point.


And the next questioner today will be Paul Coster with JPMorgan. Please go ahead.

Paul Coster -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

Yeah, thanks. Two questions. NPAs and tariffs. I'm wondering if you've identified any vulnerabilities or risks in your supply chain and whether there's any major sort of reconfigurations that you anticipate? And how, if it's all this should you will mitigate the risk there? And the second one, just a quick update on the metals printer and 3D printing, if you can give us some sense of the timeline again?

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, look we have manufacturing facilities as you can imagine all over the world and we're always working to optimize our manufacturing footprint. So, this is just an ongoing part of our business, so that we are not single point sensitive. So, that's how I think you should think about our manufacturing footprint and facilities. As it relates to metals, come really happy with the progress of the 3D printing business unit on multiple dimensions, not just the metals dimensions for which they've made really good progress.

We have some companies though in that we're working with to serve the auto industry. We have similar efforts under way in the healthcare industry. But we continue to perform well in the 3D printing business. We recently announced that over 10 million parts were produced using our 3D printing technology last year, with half of the parts manufactured for end-user products.

In quarter two, was a busy quarter, we launched our new HP Jet Fusion 5200 series, which is a printing platform that delivers improved economics and performance in part quality, really designed for manufacturing. We also launched a new TPU material and for those of you that want to geek gap with me here is really enables new classes of applications and ideal for a flexible and elastic parts. We also expanded our alliances with BASF Materialise and Siemens, very important announcement with Siemens just last week. And really there at the epicenter of all manufacture, if you want to get into manufacturing processes, you need to be doing that with companies that have been doing it for decades, and Siemens is an industry leader.

We also announced last week a major incredible partnership between HP and Smile Direct Club he is the leader teledentistry and they really set to disrupt the orthodontics industry. Smile Direct Club will be deploying a fleet of 49 HP 3D Printing Systems produce more than 50,000 unique and highly personalized mold a day and that's one of the largest 3D printing manufacturing projects in the United States. And that's true example of industrial scale 3D production.


And our next questioner today will be Matt Cabral with Credit Suisse. Please go ahead.

Matthew Cabral -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Thank you. On Personal Systems, just wondering if you could talk a little bit about the impact of component cost, particularly given some of the renewed declines in DRAM. And just if you having to pass that through versus the ability to drop some of that down to the bottom line?

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, I think, broadly speaking, we have seen some easing around the overall supply chain cost in the basket of kind of commodities and logistics. That being said, given the current currency environment and volatility, we're seeing in the strengthening of the dollar. We've seen much of that offset in kind of even looking forward likely the increased headwinds will continue to be an offset of some of the changes we've seen in the overall supply chain cost.

So, exactly how this is going to play out in the next quarter, quarters to come, will really depend upon overall market and competitive dynamics because we've got some puts and takes as it relates to the overall cost on the Personal Systems side.

Matthew Cabral -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Got it. And then on Printing, just wondering if you could provide an update on how the Apogee acquisition is playing out so far? And just what the learnings from that mean for your wider distribution strategy you push more toward A3 overtime?

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, look, let me start out by mentioning it's now being several quarters since the acquisition of Apogee and while we are running it as a stand-alone business from a go-to-market perspective, it's very much aggregated into our overall OPS business unit. I'll also remind you that Apogee enables HP to gain access to new profit pools by expanding our ability to deliver value-added services and it accelerates the deployment of what we know is superior technology into the growing contractual office printing market, especially among SMBs.

The transaction augments have existing go-to-market channels and it enhances our ability to deliver solutions and services that are necessary to win in the contractual market. This is all on point and on strategy and more and more customers are shifting to contractual. So, we feel as we did when we made the acquisition that this is absolutely leading us in the right direction.


And the next questioner today will be Shannon Cross with Cross Research. Please go ahead.

Shannon Cross -- Cross Research -- Analyst

Thank you very much. I also have two. I guess the first is, can you talk a little bit, you mentioned uncertainty in the environment, which makes sense these days. But can you provide some more details on what you're seeing geographically in terms of demand, and if you specifically maybe what you're seeing in China with regard to US brands? And I have a follow-up. Thank you.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

Shannon, I'll give a first step. So, what we saw in our results in constant currency was Americas was down 1%, EMEA up 2% and APJ up 11%. In the Americas, I think we saw the driver there was primarily on the Personal Systems business and candidly, I think that was driven by the industrial -- industrywide supply constraints we had, and how we ultimately allocated a products. And I think that was the largest driver in the Americas. I think we are seeing different geographic pockets of strength in those that are softening, and maybe Dion will comment on China specifically.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, look, I think we've experienced some recent slowing in our China business. And having said that, I think it's important to mention that we can't conclude that slowed down, but we are seeing is solely related to any of the discussions they currently under way. China has been and continues to be a strategically important market for us. We have a really strong brand in the country and we've been there for decades. The geopolitical environment remains, let's call it, dynamic and we'll continue to assess and respond to the situation and the potential impact to our business.

That said, we continue to drive insight driven innovation to our portfolio. That's one of the ways in which we go about running our business is through local insights and local product development. For example, in China, gaming has been a great success for us, including the most recent launch of our dual-screen OMEN gaming laptop, which we launched globally out of China. It's also worthnoting APJ region just as Steve mentioned, as a whole, grew 11% in constant currency in quarter two, against that backdrop of a slowing business in China. And so we are seeing, for example, other areas within APJ like Japan being particularly strong.

Shannon Cross -- Cross Research -- Analyst

Thank you. And then maybe Dion, if you can talk a little bit about the relationship with Canada. And I'm just curious, do you feel like you're working more closely with them, given some of the pressures on Telenor and the need to reposition against the aftermarket? And do you think they're reacting as aggressively as you'd like from a litigation standpoint? Because I know they have started talking about it a bit more than they have historically. Thank you.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, look, Shannon, as you know, you've been following us a long time, we have an incredibly close 35-year partnership with Canada and I think it is stronger now than this has ever been. I just came back from Japan a couple of weeks ago and met with Mitarai-san. Clearly, aftermarket alternatives is not what we would want, either of us and we're working very closely together to really think through the multi-dimensional levers that we have available to us and I think both companies are being appropriately aggressive.


And the next questioner today will be Rod Hall with Goldman Sachs. Please go ahead.

Rod Hall -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Yes, hi, thanks for the question. I just wanted to drill into the consumer PC deterioration. Net revenue down 9%. It was up 1% last quarter. And I just wondered if maybe you could comment on regionally, where you saw that I think maybe, we can tie back to your other comments, but I'd love it if you would give us some color.

And also just comment on whether you think that in those regions, you're seeing, I heard you talk about Asia, and China in particular, Dion. But just kind of what you're seeing from a consumer demand point of view across the globe? Thank you.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Look, I'll take a first stab, and Steve might want to take chime in. I guess on a macro level is being volatility in the market and that causes uncertainty around the world. And in this type of environment, consumers tend to react more quickly to market conditions, both on the positive side and on the negative side versus commercial customers, which has less sensitivity to the short-term.

The current environment has seen some slowing in consumer and varying levels by country and it takes a longtime to go through every single country, but it does vary country-by-country. We continue to innovate, that's the most important point. We need to continue to innovate with our products like the Tango X in the printing side of the business and the Spectre Folio in the Personal Systems just two examples. And when we do that, we are giving consumers a reason to purchase, but I only do that when they have great innovation.

So, while we broadly agree with the industry views that both PCs and print, flattish markets over the mid to long-term we will continue to play our own game. We will segment the market then we'll segment it again, we will find the heat in the market and we will focus on outperforming the market that's exactly what we've been doing, what you can expect us to do.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

Maybe Rod other small comment I add is, our consumer performance is really in line with the market .


And our next questioner today will be Ananda Baruah with Loop Capital. Please go ahead.

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital -- Analyst

Hi, good afternoon. Thanks for taking the questions. Just two if I could real quick and there's sort of partial clarification. Just going back to supply dynamics, do you feel that you've fully identified the problem areas such that you have your arms completely around the dynamics that manifested in last quarter. And if not yet, what remains to be done? How long until you think you do? I just want to make sure I'm fully understanding where you are with it? And then I have a quick follow-up as well. Thanks.

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

So, the short answer is yes. As Dion said, we've put a task force of our most talented individuals both Dion and I've spent time in EMEA. And I think Dion described some of the actions we are doing. We would expect that these actions and in particular, the impact on the overall channel inventory levels, which I sized at approximately 100 million including the downstream that those channel inventories will be reduced through this year.

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital -- Analyst

Okay, great. That's really helpful. And then a quick follow-up. I believe your comment around chipset constrains was into 3Q. Does that imply that you think after 3Q, you will actually start to get some relief? And any context there in addition would be helpful with that. Thanks so much.

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, look, I guess you are referring to the fairly well-known Intel shortage, which has come along with chipsets they go with it. I'll start by saying, it's probably not fair or appropriate for me to second guess the supply updates that Intel has provided over the past several weeks. Based on the most recent update from Intel, we continue to expect supply constraints through calendar quarter three, just as we have through calendar quarter two and calendar quarter one. I think you've seen us optimize as best we can on behalf of our customers and partners their demand is really strong for our products, particularly in commercial. And we'll continue to work closely with Intel to ensure that we drive the best outcomes.

So, thank you all for taking the time to be with us. We're at the bottom of the hour. Let me end the call, we're up again. We're delivering on our plans and we're striking the right balance between driving performance for today as well as investing for the long term. While we will always have more work to do, we're making good progress against our priorities. We will continue to put our customers at the center of everything we do and we remain consistent and true to our strategy to engineer experiences that amaze, while driving profitable growth. And I have high degree of confidence that will continue to execute on that strategy with vigor and focus. So, thank you very much for joining us today.


And the conference has now concluded. Thank you all for attending today's presentation, and you may now disconnect your lines.

Duration: 55 minutes

Call participants:

Beth Howe -- Head, Investor Relations

Dion Weisler -- President & Chief Executive Officer

Steve Fieler -- Chief Financial Officer

Jim Suva -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Toni Sacconaghi -- Sanford C. Bernstein -- Analyst

Steve Milunovich -- Wolfe Research -- Analyst

Paul Coster -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

Matthew Cabral -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Shannon Cross -- Cross Research -- Analyst

Rod Hall -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital -- Analyst

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