Logo of jester cap with thought bubble.

Image source: The Motley Fool.

Okta, Inc. (NASDAQ:OKTA)
Q2 2020 Earnings Call
Aug 28, 2019, 5:00 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good day and welcome to the Okta Second Quarter Fiscal '20 Earnings Call. Today's conference is being recorded. At this time, I would like to turn the conference over to Dave Gennarelli. Please go ahead.

Dave Gennarelli -- Investor Relations

Good afternoon and thank you for joining us for today's conference call to discuss the financial results of Okta second quarter of fiscal 2020. With me on today's call are Todd McKinnon, Okta's Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Bill Losch, the Company's Chief Financial Officer and Frederic Kerrest, the Company's Co-founder and Chief Operating Officer.

Today's call will include forward-looking statements pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 including but not limited to statements regarding our financial outlook and market position. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements represent our management's beliefs and assumptions only as of the date made. Information on factors that could affect the Company's financial results is included in its filings with the SEC from time to time, including the section titled Risk Factors and its previously filed Form 10-Q.

In addition, during today's call, we will discuss non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures are in addition to and not a substitute for or superior to measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Reconciliation between GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures and discussions of the limitations of using non-GAAP measures versus their closest GAAP equivalents is available on our earnings release. You can also find more detailed information in our supplemental financial materials, which include trended financial statements and key metrics posted on our Investor Relations website. On today's call, we will quote a number of numeric or growth changes as we discuss our financial performance and unless otherwise noted. Each such reference represents a year-on-year comparison.

And now, I'd like to turn the call over to Todd McKinnon. Todd?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Thanks, Dave. And thanks everyone for joining us today. Our results mark another exceptional quarter of execution and financial performance. Total revenue grew 49%, subscription revenue grew 51%, calculated billings grew 42% and remaining performance obligation or RPO grew 68%. We added 450 new customers in the quarter, bringing our total customer count to 7,000. Once again, we made broad additions across our enterprise customer base with 46% growth in customers with annual contract value greater than $100,000. And once again, over half of these additions were from new customers. We now have over 1,200 of these $100,000 plus customers which demonstrates our enterprise momentum and the increasingly strategic role that Okta plays in our customers' environments.

Our momentum is powered by the massive and inevitable shifts that are enveloping companies today. The rapid growth of cloud and hybrid IT, digital transformation and security. Identity plays a critical role in each of these megatrends and organizations are turning to Okta because we are uniquely able to address the broadest set of use cases across even the most complex technology environments. Now, I'll share a few customer wins from the quarter. The first is a Fortune 50 company that wanted to replace its existing identity system with a cloud-based identity solution that would support its hybrid environment, while also deploying a zero trust security strategy. It was one of our largest contracts ever and covers Okta workforce products for over 400,000 global employees and contractors. With secure access to hundreds of cloud and on-prem applications as well as Okta customer identity to improve access to its partner portal. Deploying Okta will also provide visibility of application usage and reduce IT friction by automating the provisioning of cloud applications. Next, American Century Investments, a leading global asset manager was a new customer identity win. The company chose Okta to replace its legacy customer identity system with a cloud-based identity platform that will provide both authentication and step up authentication for its retail website and mobile application. The company selected Okta's customer identity products to provide a seamless and secure registration and login experience for its over 600,000 customers. The great up-sell was with the French company, ENGIE, a global 500 multinational electric utility. This up-sell is a fantastic illustration of how customers are expanding their relationship with Okta to help solve both their workforce identity and customer identity needs. ENGIE first adopted Okta's workforce identity products to support its cloud first strategy and quickly deliver a scalable, reliable infrastructure that facilitated collaboration among its employees. This quarter, ENGIE purchased an array of Okta's customer identity products to accelerate its digital transformation for the users of its large B2B customers.

Going forward, Okta will be the Identity standard across all ENGIE business units. And finally, while we just launched Advanced Server Access a few short months ago, we've already had some notable wins, including an up-sell with Discovery, a Fortune 500 entertainment company with a global portfolio that includes Discovery Channel, HDTV, Food Network, TLC, Eurosport and Gulf TV. It's a great example of how our new products help expand our use cases with existing customers. Discovery first adopted Okta to serve its diverse mobile workforce and support its cloud first initiatives. This quarter, Discovery purchased Advanced Server Access to help protect its infrastructure and extend the seamless authentication workflows to Linux and Windows machines. We believe that great customer wins like these are just the tip of the iceberg. And that's why we are making a concerted effort to focus our energy on winning the world's largest organizations. Companies are recognizing that their success depends on their ability to quickly and securely adopt the best technologies for their workforces and customers. Every company needs to become a technology company and we've built the Okta Identity Cloud to enable that transition with the speed, scale security and flexibility that our customers require. A good indicator of our progress with winning the world's largest organizations is the overall strength and 68% growth in total RPO. This is evidence that our deal sizes are getting larger and the contract term lengths are getting longer.

In fact, when looking at the top 25 contracts booked in Q2 by total contract value, the average contract size doubled when compared to Q2 last year. Well that's great progress. We still have a significant opportunity to further expand our business with these large organizations. Winning the world's largest organizations continues to be an important part of our overall strategy. And we remain focused on expanding our platform to better serve them. To refresh what I've talked about before, we are focused on building products and features that can leverage more integrations. Doing so unlocks more use cases, attracts more customers and generates more data insights that can be harnessed to build better products that make our customers more successful. It's a virtuous cycle where more customer success translates to more customer wins, which translates into more customer success and so on. So we're winning more customers.

Now, let's talk about the products that are increasing the use cases with our customers. Last quarter, I talked about a number of new products and features that we introduced at Oktane. We are transitioning our offering from products to a componentized platform and the investments that we have made in this area are really starting to bear fruit. We've opened up the platform into customizable blocks that enable unlimited use cases with the Okta Identity Engine. We've introduced new functionality to our customer base like extensibility with Okta Hooks. We've also added new products like Okta Advanced Server Access to secure access to critical infrastructure and Okta Access Gateway to extend the Okta Identity Cloud to on-prem apps. These are all great examples of how we are creating the preeminent platform to help customers successfully adopt any technology.

We are still in early days with each of these but we're very encouraged by the level of interest we're seeing in these new enhancements and products, especially with our large enterprise customers like Discovery that I mentioned earlier. We look forward to sharing more of this new product momentum as well as some additional enhancements we're making to the Okta platform at a new customer event called Okta Showcase on October 10 in San Francisco. Please stay tuned for more details on that event. The last thing I'd like to say before I hand it over to Bill, is that we're very pleased to be recognized as a leader by the analyst community for our vision, strategy and ability to execute.

Earlier this month, Okta was once again named a leader in Gartner's Magic Quadrant for access management. Okta define this category and we've been the leader since this Quadrant was created. You really have to see the graphic, where we're placed in this year's Magic Quadrant because it's absolutely striking and serves as validation that we're pulling further ahead from the competition. This recognition of our sustained leadership comes on the heels of Forrester Research recognizing Okta as a leader and their identity as a service for enterprise report. We value this recognition by the industry analyst because what it really means is that our customers are having great success with Okta and have the confidence to reference us with the analysts.

With that, I'll summarize by saying, it was a very strong quarter for us, driven by continued execution and market momentum. We are seeing great traction on all fronts and remain focused on capturing the massive opportunity in front of us. Thanks again for your time and now, I'd like to turn the call over to Bill to walk through our financial results. Bill?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Todd. And thanks again to everyone for joining us. I'll go through our results for the second quarter and then discuss our business outlook for Q3 and the full year. As Todd mentioned, we maintained the strong momentum we had exiting Q1 and experienced strength across the board with better than expected growth in many areas, including revenue, calculated billings and RPO. Total revenue was $140 million, an increase of 49% driven by 51% growth in subscription revenue. Subscription revenue now represents 94% of our total revenue, up from 93% in Q2 last year.

Revenue from outside of the US grew 45% and represented 16% of revenue, which is consistent with Q2 last year. We continue to view our international business as a long-term opportunity and are investing strategically to expand our international footprint. Total calculated billings grew 42% and current calculated billings increased 44%. The strength in billings continues to be driven by both new and existing customers across enterprise and commercial. Billings also benefited from stronger than expected bookings within the quarter. Total RPO or backlog, which for us is contracted subscription revenue both billed and unbilled, but has not yet been recognized was $914 million representing a growth of 68%.

As Todd mentioned, the exceptional growth in total RPO reflects the success we've been experiencing with large enterprise customers, where the contracts tend to be much larger in total contract value and longer in length up to five years in some cases. As we continue to see success with winning the world's largest organizations, we expect the average contract size and term length to trend upwards over time. Earn RPO, which represent subscription revenue, we expect to recognize over the next 12 months also experienced strong growth of 52% to $461 million. As I mentioned last quarter, RPO should be viewed as an additional metric to gauge our performance in the quarter. Year-over-year growth in current RPO is the more meaningful metric when viewed along with subscription revenue and billings growth.

Billings can sustain variability caused by changes in invoice duration and invoice timing while RPO can reduce some of the variability seen in billings because it eliminates variances in these invoice dynamics. However, RPO can be influenced by factors such as contract duration and renewal cycles. Turning to retention. Our dollar -based net retention rate for the trailing 12-month period remain strong at 118% and represents a 1.0 sequential decrease. This slight decrease is as expected and is impacted by the large initial deal sizes, we're achieving with larger enterprise customers. As I mentioned last quarter, the net retention rate may fluctuate a bit from quarter-to-quarter.

We expect it to remain very healthy, as we continue to experience growth in initial deal sizes. Before turning to expense items and profitability, I would like to point out that I will be discussing non-GAAP results going forward. Turning to gross margin. Subscription gross margin was 82.6%, up 230 basis points and total gross margin was 77.2%, up 390 basis points, gross profit grew 56%. Now looking at operating expenses, total operating expenses for Q2 grew 34%. Consistent with prior quarters, the increase is primarily driven by sales and marketing investments, as we look to capture more of our large addressable market, win more of the world's largest organizations and expand geographically. The overall expense growth aligns with the commitment we've made to invest in our strategic priorities, which include driving business with the world's largest organizations, strengthening the network effects of our platform, expanding our presence with customer identity and investing in security with the Okta Identity Cloud.

As usual, the biggest component to the spend increase is related to scaling headcount to support these strategic initiatives. We've been successful in attracting and retaining great talent and total headcount grew 40%. We continue to invest in our business as we scale for durable growth. Operating loss in the second quarter, narrowed to $10 million for a margin of negative 7%, compared to negative 20% in the same period last year. This is better than expected and primarily driven by our revenue outperformance. The timing of Oktane which was held in Q1 this year versus Q2 of last year also benefited the year-over-year compare and operating margin this Q2.

Net loss per share was $0.05 for the 115 million basic shares outstanding as compared to a net loss per share of $0.15 with 107 million basic shares outstanding in Q2 last year.

Turning to cash flow. Operating cash flow was negative as expected, due to typical seasonality. Operating cash flow was negative $1.1 million or a margin of negative 1%, compared to negative 6% in Q2 last year. Free cash flow was negative $4.3 million. Free cash flow margin improved to negative 3%, compared to negative 12% for Q2 last year. We continue to expect to end the year with positive free cash flow and also expect to see continued variability in cash flow margins due to ongoing fluctuations in working capital, the growth in enterprise business and seasonal factors.

We ended the second quarter with $557 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Moving onto our business outlook. We remain optimistic about the current demand environment and based on our strong second quarter results, we are raising our full-year outlook. Consistent with our approach throughout this year, we're using this opportunity to reinvest the upside, we're experiencing in investments to innovate our platform, fuel growth and further enhance our competitive positioning.

As a result, while we increased our profitability outlook for the full year, we've adjusted our Q3 outlook to invest some of our better than expected Q2 profitability. For the third quarter, we expect total revenue of $143 million to $144 million representing a growth rate of 35% to 36%. Non-GAAP operating loss of $17.5 million to $16.5 million. Non-GAAP net loss per share of $0.13 to $0.12 assuming shares outstanding of approximately 117 million. For the full year of fiscal '20, we are raising our guidance and now expect. Total revenue of $560 million to $563 million representing a growth rate of 40% to 41%.

Non-GAAP operating loss of $64 million to $62 million. Non-GAAP net loss per share of $0.44 to $0.42 assuming shares outstanding of approximately 116 million. In summary, we had another strong quarter and we are looking forward to building on those momentum in the second half of the year. We are uniquely positioned to capitalize on the tailwinds and extend our leadership in the market. We've achieved great progress over the past several years and we believe we're just getting started. The investments we're making today will help propel our future growth and solidify Okta's position as the standard for both workforce and customer [Technical Issues]

We are encouraged by the progress we've achieved and look forward to capitalizing on the tremendous market opportunity in front of us. With that, Todd, Frederic and I will take your questions. Operator?

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] And we will go first to Heather Bellini with Goldman Sachs.

Heather Bellini -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

[Technical Issues] taking the question. I wanted to ask if you could talk about a little bit about just to the competitive environment and maybe share a little bit given the cloud native heritage of Okta, if you can share a little bit about how customers are starting to react to your product that also can be deployed on premise and kind of how you see that -- how you see that playing it out and how you see if that changes any of the competitive dynamics that are out there today? Thank you. And then I have a follow-up.

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Cool. Yeah, this is a good question and it's really important part of how we think about the world. The major competitive dynamic really for the last several years has been, is a company moving to the cloud or are they not? And when a company is moving to the cloud. We do very, very well and the good news for us is that every organisation, every industry is moving to the cloud, and we're very differentiated between -- we're very, very, very differentiated between most solutions because they weren't built in the cloud, they weren't pre-integrated to thousands of services, they can't be upgraded, they can't be continuously connected to everything in the company's environment. So that's something we have benefited tremendously from. We added product that you're referring to. I think, Heather, called the Okta Access Gateway. We announced that at our conference back at Oktane and really what that does is it's a bridge to help those customers move a little bit faster over to the cloud. So it connects Okta back into their on-premise environment, gets more of their on-premise environment, connected to Okta more easily and really accelerates that journey in to the cloud, and it's still early for that product, but it's off to a very strong start and we're seeing early success of it and we're expecting big things over the next months and years.

Heather Bellini -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Great, thank you. And then just a follow-up for Bill. Bill, if you would share with us -- I mean you had very strong RPO growth this quarter, just wondering from a demand perspective, there has been some concern of late just of a slowdown. And in the overall macro environment, and obviously you guys are still in hyper growth mode, but have you guys noticed any change in sales cycles or anything that might make you think that the environment is a little bit more challenging than it was say, three months ago?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, Heather. We're not seeing any of those type of things. We're seeing very strong macro demand for our product. We're feeling like because these tailwinds that we have been enjoying for a while now with moving to the cloud, companies digitally transforming themselves, focusing on security. These tailwinds, we think are going to continue to remain C- level priorities as a result of that, we're feeling that from a demand standpoint. Demand is very strong for us.

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Yeah, one thing about the quarter two. I will just add to that. Heather. One thing about the quarter two is very balanced in terms of like success across the board, whether it was geographically or segments of our business or the Federal business, it was very balanced. So there wasn't underperformance in one area that was covered by another area, over performance, it's very balanced across the board's success.

Heather Bellini -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Helpful color. Thank you.

Operator

We'll go next to Jonathan Ho with William Blair.

Jonathan Ho -- William Blair -- Analyst

Hi, good afternoon and congrats on the strong results. I just wanted to start out with maybe getting a little bit more color, when you talked about some of the outperformance on the larger deals, can you give us a sense of what that's being driven by. Is this mainly cross-sell or up-sell, further penetration, multi-product deals? I just think it would be -- will be helpful to just understand a little bit what may be some of the stronger drivers were?

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

Hey, Jonathan. This is, Frederic. Thanks for the kind words. As you mentioned, we're very excited about the traction that we're seeing with the world's largest organizations and that overall strength in the RPO indicates our progress there. The deal sizes are getting larger and those contract lengths are getting longer. In fact, we looked at -- to give you a piece of data, the top 25 contracts booked in Q2 by TCV as Todd mentioned, compared to last year and that average size of contract doubled. And so what you're really starting to see is more and more large organizations that are either adopting the cloud and thinking about how they're going to do that internally for workforce or for their customer identity management, good example was that Fortune 50 new customer of ours that was entirely a workforce deployment. They're thinking about zero trust and how they put that strategy in, you see a lot of up-sell so the example that we talked about with ENGIE, where they've been a strong workforce customer for a long time and are now seeing opportunity to use customer identity and access management. But what has really happened over the last couple of years is with so much innovation, not only in the platform, but in the different products and the introduction of new products. You are also seeing that we can continue to land in new places across these large organizations. So for example, our new Fortune 500 win for the quarter was with Pacific Life. Brand new customer for us, and that starting customer identity management, where they wanted to do some new portals for a new type of customer. So that was a new place where they're looking for innovation in a certain way and with the breadth and depth of the Okta Integration Network and the Identity Cloud, we can really address a lot of those complex use cases now.

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Yeah. And I'll just add to that. The largest organizations are have, first of all, they have a lot of things we can help them with. There is lot of complex technology, it's a very, there's a lot of friction in adopting technology there and we can help smooth out and speed their time to value across the board, but not only are the initial deals large, but there is a lot of white space to over time, because they have so much need. So we're not only just excited about the size of the deals initially, but we're excited about the potential to grow in these accounts over time.

Jonathan Ho -- William Blair -- Analyst

Got it. And then just as a quick follow-up on, you guys have talked a little bit about the server access product. I'm just wondering, particularly as it pertains to the public cloud, have some of the recent breaches may be led to more inbound interest or is there any potential to benefit from some of the concerns out there?

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

There's a lot of interest in the products and it's particularly strong in more modern development shops, where they're doing DevOps processes and they're being really agile and how the iterate and get code [Phonetic] out and that's where you've seen some of these breaches happen. And the people -- people are moving so fast and trying to innovate that sometimes they don't lock down the servers or lock down the S-3 buckets, like they should. So Advanced Server Access is a great fit for that, it fits into these modern software development processes and it can help close down some of this, the security risks, whether it's shared administration credentials, servers using a weak passwords, user accounts not created and maintained on the server as we can help shore that up and it's a great fit in this modern software development world.

Jonathan Ho -- William Blair -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

And we'll go next to Alex Henderson with Needham.

Alex Henderson -- Needham & Company -- Analyst

Great, thank you very much. Just one quick question on the deal lengths. So when you sign a five year deal. I assume that you're not providing any incentive for longer-term deals that you're in fact basically just extending it -- to their desire as opposed to incenting that, is that correct?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Yes, that is correct. I mean what we're finding is the larger enterprises because they're looking to Okta to really be the secure and scalable identity standard for them across their complex hybrid environments are really looking for that long-term partnership with us, where we can address use cases. Now, we can address use cases as they evolve for them. So they're really the ones driving the length of the contracts from the standpoint that it really from them is a deep partnership over time.

Alex Henderson -- Needham & Company -- Analyst

Great. I just want to make sure that was accurate. The primary question I wanted to ask is there around the Oktane pipeline. I continue to be incredibly impressed by how many people show up for that conference. And my sense is that its delivered a substantial pipeline of leads that you are now running down. Could you give us some sense of what your lead book looks like at this point and how long it takes to close the leads that were generated from that trade show?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

I don't have those numbers. I do know that the -- Oktane is tremendously influential both for existing customers that are learning about the breadth of the platform. One of the big things we try to do and keep in mind at Oktane is that, our product and our platform are very broad and we really need to make sure we spend a lot of efforts there telling our customers about the breadth of it, so they know the value we can provide. So that's an important part of it and then there is lot of new prospects there too that are just learning about the story for the first time and we try to -- we make sure that we convey the message of the value, the core product can provide in addition to explaining the breadth of the product. The -- we do see every year, we see a lot of impact on the marketing funnel and on the sales results from Oktane which is one of the reasons why we continue to grow and invest in that event, it is a very strategic event for us.

So we're happy with how it went this year and we're happy with the -- we're confident that it's going to have a positive impact again.

Alex Henderson -- Needham & Company -- Analyst

And one last quick question if I could. The Ping filing, they're obviously setting to go public, how often do you run into Ping, how do you see them competing? Can you give us any color around, what they might say or how you might position against them? Thanks.

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

It's -- so I talked earlier about the world is really separated into legacy in the cloud future and the best thing that's happened us over the last five or so years is that everyone in the world now, they know, they want to, they're either in the cloud or they want to get to the cloud. That's the future strategic direction. And I think that the competitors, we see are mostly in the legacy bucket.

They're software companies, they're part of a major suite of products like the IBM identity products or the computer associates or maybe they're stand-alone niche vendor like Ping. But they're all legacy on-premise software. And I think, the market as -- has basically decided that the cloud is the future and that's why you see our results, twice the size growing, twice as fast as someone like Ping.

Alex Henderson -- Needham & Company -- Analyst

Perfect, thank you very much. Great quarter.

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Thank you.

Operator

We'll go next to Sterling Auty with JP Morgan.

Sterling Auty -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

Yeah, thanks. Hi guys. So Todd, you mentioned, kind of the change to the packaging and -- of products and the component size, nature of it. What does that do to pricing and how the procurement act process actually works relative to how you had it structured previously?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

The -- turning the products into a componentizable platform is really about addressing more use cases. So it's giving the customers, the flexibility to use Okta very seamlessly for use cases that may have been difficult before or maybe not possible before. And so it's not like a repricing, it's making sure that the platform and the products can be used for ever use case, the customer has whether it's -- maybe they just want to use a very small part of our multi-factor authentication infrastructure to get started right or maybe they want to do, a scenario where we do the authentication but they rely on third-party to do the address and identity verification improving, right. It's -- all of those use cases that are addressed by what we call the identity engine that make it really powerful.

So it's basically more flexibility, more power to address more use cases, which means more users and more, more products sold.

Sterling Auty -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

All right, excellent. And then one follow-up. I missed, if you said it on the competitive landscape but that server access solution, what do you see in terms of head to head competition, if there is an RFP or what is the other alternative that customers are considering before they actually purchase your solution?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Yeah, it's a great question. It's -- it really it's -- we're competing with bad security. So we go into an environment, and if they have shared admin credentials, they're not -- they're using one admin account across all their operators or all their engineers. We can go in there and put fine grain access control, very easy, very flexible, it works in all of the DevOps workflows that that company has.

So it's really that evolving modern development and DevOps environment is really greenfield, it's not, we don't -- we're not competing with people like CyberArk or some of the other PAM products . Those are more for their traditional IT, PAM workloads and we partner on those. We're really focused on more of a modern development DevOps type workflows.

Operator

And we'll go next to Melissa Franchi with Morgan Stanley.

Hamza Fodderwala -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Hi guys, this is Hamza Fodderwala in for Melissa Franchi. Thank you for taking my questions. I wanted to follow-up on the macro question, obviously, that's top of mind for companies and investors. I know, it's still early days outside the US, but did notice that the international revenue growth decelerated quite a bit versus 60% year-on-year in Q1?

Anything to read into there, whether it's currency or under-investment -- yeah, then I have a follow-up?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, I mean the international growth remain strong. One of the things you have to think about is, the outperformance of the US. So as a percentage of the business, it remained consistent. So it is still very strong. I think the comments I made earlier on the macro environment that's worldwide as far as demand for us. We still believe that given the key things that we are benefiting from these key tailwinds that we're having of companies moving to cloud transforming themselves digitally and focused on security is true both here in the US and outside the US and they're going to be, we believe high C-level priorities.

In addition to that, when we talk about the success we're having in the world's largest organizations, we are talking about world's largest organization. So we are seeing success outside of the US. Todd mentioned one of those companies being ENGIE in Europe. So we're seeing very strong demand across the board.

Hamza Fodderwala -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Got it. And just a follow-up. The -- could you help us square maybe billings growth came in around 42%, current RPO and subscription were above 50% year-on-year. Is that just duration? I know that there was some early renewals in Q1 as well, if you could help us sort of understand the puts and takes there?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, sure. So we do think that, and we said this in the last couple of quarters that current RPO is a very meaningful metric when you view it with billings growth. Our current RPO did grow 52% and the reason we think it's a meaningful metric in conjunction with looking at billings is really the reasons you just said, which is RPO, current RPO really eliminates some of that timing that you'll see with invoices, invoice timing and invoice direction and actually is a good metric to look in conjunction with billings because it eliminates that type of timing that we did see over the Q1, Q2 period.

Hamza Fodderwala -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

And we'll go next to Francois Yoshida-Are with Berenberg Capital Markets.

Francois Yoshida-Are -- Berenberg Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hi. I'm in for Josh -- Joshua Tilton. I believe until now, the large enterprise businesses have mostly been direct. Can you just comment on what contribution from partners and specifically system integrators was driving enterprise business this quarter?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Yeah, happy to do that. So I mean, we're seeing that the investments we've been making in the partner channel continue to pay-off. We're investing in those both domestically and internationally, especially as we find more global reach and scale. It's going to be an important part of our strategy. You talk specifically about the system integrators like Deloitte, Accenture and PwC as examples. Continues to be very strong partners of ours. The reality is, when you talk about the world's largest organizations, they always have relationships with at least one if not all of those in different parts of the organization.

All of those large system integrators are thinking about how they can both enhance their identity practices and enhance the security posture of their customers, but there are also thinking about how they can help them build digital transformation practices too, that's what Accenture, Deloitte, PwC, think about. Conveniently, the Okta Identity Cloud become so strategic that we can help them with both of those things. Both helping their customers become more secure, adopt the cloud more easily, but also as they think about enhancing their relationships with customers and partners and vendors. So those partnerships are going very well. We've had strong continued support from them at our -- at the conferences and events that we go to as well as the number of employees, if there is that are getting trained and certified on the Okta service continues to grow very fast. We're very excited about those partnerships and I think there are very bright days ahead.

Francois Yoshida-Are -- Berenberg Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thank you for that. And just one more follow-up, as you move into the enterprise. How do we think about the competitive positioning of the product suite with single sign on and multifactor authentication. We think that it's going to be highly disruptive but in regards to lifecycle management, what is the demand like there, and do enterprises view that product as enough from a functionality perspective?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

The competitive position in the world's largest organization is very solid. I mean if you see -- if you take a look at the new Gartner Magic Quadrant. We're very happy with how that comes out and that's -- that feedback and our positioning there is largely influenced by Gartner talking to the world's largest organizations, some of which are our customers already. So they're having success, they're willing to talk with it about Gartner and it's -- that's a really good testament to the value we're delivering. Specific on -- specific use cases, large organizations have -- they have many, many use cases. It makes sense, right? And they have single sign-on use cases, multifactor use cases, lifecycle management use cases. And we're working across the board to make the products -- continue to enhance the products to make sure that they're more flexible, more ability to address ever use case and and that goes across the board to all the products whether it's single sign-on, multifactor lifecycle management. And I talked earlier about the Okta Access Gateway, which really is a way to, -- it's a gateway to help these large organizations move from on-premise to where they all want to go, which is the cloud. It's like their bridge to the cloud. And it's a way for them to connect Okta back into that legacy infrastructure and keep it integrated as they move it. So we're focused on making the product. Even though they are by far the leaders in the industry, we're focused on making them even better, because there's a lot of value we can deliver across the board.

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

Two things I would add to that are the first as we mentioned in the prepared remarks that Fortune 50 new customer of ours. I mean one of the big things they were looking for specifically was around reducing IT friction by automating the provisioning of applications. So that speak specifically to their lifecycle management interest. And then in addition to that, as we discuss our new workflows capabilities are going to continue to strengthen the end to end use cases. We can provide for large organizations for automating multi application, multi-step workflows, HR as a master, employee onboarding and off boarding. There's just a lot of opportunity there and we're very excited to provide that value for large organizations.

Operator

We'll go next to Andrew Nowinski with Piper Jaffray.

Andrew Nowinski -- Piper Jaffray -- Analyst

Great, thank you and congrats on a great quarter. You talked about getting into more large enterprise deals, which contributed to your RPO growth. Can you just give us any color on the large enterprise customers and how they're using the product relative to internal workforce for it's external customers? Really, just wondering if that mix is different in those large deals versus your historical customer base?.

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

Thanks Andrew for the comments. Yeah -- absolutely happy to talk about that. I think what you're seeing is that there are more and more opportunities for us to help large organizations. Think about again these three macro trends they are addressing. So whether it's trying to reduce cost and accelerate with the cloud whether it's enhancing security whether it's trying to accelerate their revenue streams and think about growing their business using customer identity and access management, you're really seeing them use more and more components of the platform in both of those use cases both the workflow -- sorry workforce and customer identity management.

So there is nothing significantly different than what's happened in the past, we have had large organizations as customers for some time. I think what is exciting is all the new ways that they are able to find value quickly with specific parts of the organization and the application suite and then grow from there. A good example is we put out a commentary today about Signage, large customer of ours. One of the largest providers of learning -- digital learning for university students. I mean, they have been a customer of ours, just for a couple of quarters and within six months, they were able to deploy their customer identity and access management to tens of millions of students for the new fall quarters and fall semesters in college that are just starting right now. So I think that time to value and that speed to market is something that is very attractive and the fact that we can help them get started quickly, find success, find value and then grow with us, I think pretends well for the times ahead.

Andrew Nowinski -- Piper Jaffray -- Analyst

That's great. Thank you. And then maybe just one follow-up. Your new customer add, the 450 were very strong again. But it is surprisingly consistent over the last five quarters, regardless of the seasonality in the quarter. I'm just wondering is -- why is your new customer growth, perhaps not -- not increasing or accelerating considering you're getting into these more -- more of these large enterprise customers and are relatively new segment now? Thanks.

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, I mean you're right, the 450 customers, it's a fairly consistent growth we have every quarter between 400 and 500 and it has remained in line with that historical trend. What I'd point to is really the larger enterprise. The significant growth that we continue to have in the larger enterprise, we grew 46% year-over-year and greater than $100,000 [Phonetic]. But even more than that, is the fact that we're with these new customers, the larger enterprise customers, we're doing bigger deals and we're doing longer term lengths that's reflected in the 68% growth rate on the RPO that we talked about, it's also reflected in the metric. We've been talking about where the 25 largest contracts we booked this quarter were double what we booked last quarter. And so as we think about the business, obviously where we're focused on is adding new customers, but we're also focusing on adding those large enterprise customers. As we've talked about winning the world's largest organizations and we're seeing a lot of success with that -- with larger deal sizes, longer contract lengths and overall value.

Operator

And we'll go next to Gray Powell with Deutsche Bank.

Gray Powell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Great, thanks for -- thanks for taking the questions. Just a couple. So I know there are lot of metrics to focus on and maybe I'm oversimplifying things but if I look at the absolute dollar growth in subscription revenue in Q2, it almost doubled off the pace of Q1. So -- so can you talk about the main driver there and how much of that's just normal seasonality versus improved sales productivity and execution in the quarter?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, I mean I think that what we're seeing really is all being -- not all being but primarily being driven by again the business that we continue to traction, we continue to see with the large enterprise, and the fact that when you see the metrics that we've been talking about specific to RPO, where the long-term RPO, the total RPO that's from a growth that actually accelerated, the growth of the current RPO accelerated quarter over quarter. All of those things, because of the larger contract lengths, or longer contract lengths, much larger value is really what's driving, what you're seeing.

Gray Powell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Got it. That's helpful and then just on the product side really quickly. How should we think about the opportunity with the Advanced Server Access products, and I know it's early, but for the customers that have signed up so far, what kind of uplift, are you seeing on the overall build of Okta?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

It's -- the great, it's a good area to drill it to and understand. It's something we think about a lot. We -- the product was made generally available. Just a few months ago at Oktane and the early success is very positive. It's both selling into new customers. So a new way to land and also expansion in existing customers. It's, we've had a lot of success with -- as I mentioned before into a previous -- answer to a previous question, so companies that are really doing modern agile development and most often with using infrastructure as a services, where they deploy the software. And I think long term, what we get very excited about is that, is the future of software development and the early indications are strong, but over time, we hooked on to another major macro trend there. And as we've seen in our other businesses, building a product that is in the right place at the right time on a big macro trend like cloud or digital transformation or security is a powerful place to be. So we're very excited about that one.

Operator

And we'll go next to Gregg Moskowitz with Mizuho.

Gregg Moskowitz -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Okay, thank you very much and congratulations on a good quarter. Most of my questions have been asked, but Bill I was wondering, if it were possible to provide a little more color around how much your average contract duration changed this quarter on a year-over-year basis as well as what your expectations are around duration over the next few quarters or so?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, Greg, so we've -- our average contract duration has been in the two year to three year range because of what I said earlier, as far as these large enterprise customers. And what was driving the RPO with longer contract lengths that is ticking up within that range. I think, we believe that as long as we continue, which we do believe we will continue to win more and more world's largest organizations, but that average contract length will tick up over time.

Gregg Moskowitz -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Okay, that's helpful and then just as a follow-up, if you look at our headcount, it again grew about 40% year-over-year, do you continue to expect the hiring growth rate to accelerate in the back half?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah. So when you, as we talked about or as I said in my prepared remarks, where we saw upside in Q2, primarily driven by revenue upside, we're going to make -- take that upside and invest it later in the second half of the year primarily in Q3. Those additional investments will primarily be in our customer facing headcount and innovation and headcount- related innovation.

So our expectation is the growth in headcount will accelerate in the second half of the year.

Operator

And we'll go next to Keith Bachman with Bank of Montreal.

Keith Bachman -- BMO -- Analyst

Hi, thank you very much. I was wondering, if I could ask about the market segments, in particular, if you think about employee versus customer, could you give us any dimensions on growth rates between the two segments? How do you really see this unfolding over the next couple of years in terms of which being a larger TAM in terms of incremental opportunities and then how you see the pricing variances between the employee and the customer segment? Thanks very much.

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

So the workforce market or what we call the workforce identity is still and continues to be our largest piece of our business and continues to be very strong. The customer identity also contributes to incremental upside growth and is also growing well. We think that the addressable market on both those markets is very big, which is what's exciting for us in many ways because, we're one platform, which services those two markets and so there's a lot of synergies between those two. That allows us to do a lot of up-sell and cross-sell with our existing customers and with potentially new customers when it comes to workforce moving them then to customer identity and vice versa. So we feel really, really positive about that.

I think from the standpoint of pricing, just from an overall pricing structure, workforce is based on an end user pricing structure and customer identity is based on an active user pricing structure just because of the different nature of the users. But like I said, we think there are both big opportunities for us and feel good about our ability to grab those opportunities.

Keith Bachman -- BMO -- Analyst

Okay. Just as a follow-up. And then -- sorry, go ahead.

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

[Speech Overlap] I was just going to say real quickly. One thing that's missed in the competitive conversation a lot of times is that we're the only Company that has scale in both of those businesses. So we're very differentiated if you like, going back to the Gartner report, one of the big things they found is that customers really value a vendor that can provide both of those. So we're very excited about both and really, we're excited about the ability to offer both because it means we can land in a more variety of ways. We have more up-sell avenues and that's an important part of our strategy.

Keith Bachman -- BMO -- Analyst

Okay. Well, that actually was my follow-up in terms of the competitive dynamic because paying in the registration statement talks about a fairly meaningful size of revenues from the customer side, and I just want to tease out a little bit, I think you answered the question, do you see any different competitive landscape between the employee and the customer side? That sounds like you don't really see a difference from your competitive landscape, even if you looked at ForgeRock or Ping or yourselves or some of the legacy players?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

I do think that there is, there is like, you see ForgeRock more on the customer side. So there is a slight difference in the competitive set of competitors, you see. The bigger difference I think our customer identity. It's more of a build versus buy. The -- we're educating people on the fact that there is a scalable proven solution that can solve this problem for them, they don't have to build it themselves. Or for work -- on the workforce side, no unbilled [Phonetic] themselves. It's -- there's leading vendors like Okta that can do it for them, that's pretty well understood.

Operator

We'll go next to Rishi Jaluria with DA Davidson.

Hannah Rudoff -- DA Davidson -- Analyst

Hi guys, this is Hannah on for Rishi. Thank you for taking my questions. First, just following-up on an earlier question, I was wondering if you could talk about how long it takes to ramp new hires to full productivity and if you are facing any challenges with the tightening labor market?

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

Yeah, happy to talk about that. In terms of ramping new customer facing employees, we continue to see very strong learning and development internally in the organization, obviously with the success that we're having in the market. Customer facing, our account executives talk to each other and so we're getting better and better quality of talent every day. So that's the first thing is just when you think about who is coming to Okta and their interest level, we are certainly attracting the quality of sales person that we were not able to do 24 months ago.

Secondly, in terms of the tightening labor market. When you think about what we're trying to do, we're trying to hire the best people across the entire organization, whether it's customer-facing, R&D, engineering or otherwise. Those people are always well-employed and so we are always looking for the best folks, we haven't seen any significant change in our approach, or in the results. You see the very strong 40% headcount growth in the first half and we expect that to continue strong throughout the rest of the year then we're very excited about that.

Hannah Rudoff -- DA Davidson -- Analyst

Great, that's helpful. And then a second question, I know there was a slight decel in the dollar-based net retention rate and that was impacted by larger initial deal sizes. I was wondering if you could talk about how we should think about that going forward, especially as you continue to land larger and larger customers?

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, I mean, I think as we've talked about, you're right that this was impacted by larger initial deal sizes. I think as we talked with RPO growing 68% and we're landing not only longer term deals, but bigger deals. Referring back to the metric we talked about earlier, where the top 25 contracts we booked in Q2, the average contract size doubled when compared to Q2 of last year. A significant portion of those contracts were net new business and therefore net new business meaning large initial land. So those larger initial deals are going to have an impact and we think that the net retention rate will continue to remain healthy like it did this past quarter at 118%, but it may fluctuate a bit further remaining at this very healthy level fluctuating at a range of up or down a few points.

Operator

And we will take our last question from Shaul Eyal with Oppenheimer.

Yi -- Oppenheimer & Co. -- Analyst

Thank you for taking my question, gents. And congrats on the quarter. This is Yi [Phonetic] in for Shaul. Just two quick question. One, the first one is, in terms of the larger sized deals, what is the duration in terms of the sales cycle between the large ones as compared to the small SMB ones?

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

Yeah, that's a good question. As we talked about the overall strength that we're seeing with large organizations, the deal size is obviously getting larger and the contract lengths are getting longer, if you think about how strategic identity is becoming in large organizations, when they make these kinds of decisions they are obviously making it for three years to five years.

And so that's what we're starting to see and when it comes to small and medium business, these are still very important decisions. We see -- we do at least annual contracts billed upfront, but we see more and more multi-year contracts across all the different segments of the business.

Yi -- Oppenheimer & Co. -- Analyst

In terms of like sales cycle, do you have an estimate of like the duration, how long it takes the sales team to close the SMB deal versus a, I guess larger enterprise deal. I guess that's...

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

Yeah, I mean obviously larger enterprise deals do take longer. Typically, there are more folks involved, it's more strategic. You have to touch more parts of the organization, whereas in smaller organizations, frankly there is just less folks that are involved in that decision. So it's pretty typical of what you would see in enterprise software as a service companies like ours.

Yi -- Oppenheimer & Co. -- Analyst

Okay, fair enough. And the last question is really, you mentioned about the displacement opportunity on legacy on-premise vendors like IBM as well as CA, do you have an estimate of how many customers this opportunity can be in the magnitude that -- that I guess, Okta could take advantage of?

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

I think of -- when I think about our opportunity. I think of every company and it's -- the problem with some of that legacy technology is it wasn't sold very broadly. It was only some of the largest organizations in the world that could -- could spend ten of millions of dollars on a Identity Implementation. So I wouldn't, I think our opportunity is much, much broader than just the largest organizations in the world. Those are strategically important for us, but it's much brighter than that and I think that in terms of the desire to move away from that legacy technology in the world's largest organization, the desire is really high and now it's up for -- it's up to us to keep executing and keep delivering a robust industry-leading platform that can help those customers get there and that's what we're focused on doing.

Operator

At this time, I would like to hand the call back over to Dave Gennarelli for any additional or closing remarks.

Dave Gennarelli -- Investor Relations

Thanks, operator. As Todd mentioned in his opening commentary, we're going to be hosting a customer event called Showcase at our headquarters in San Francisco on October 10 and you can look for more information on that next week. We'll also be hosting a number of bus tours and we'll be marketing in Boston, New York and Los Angeles this quarter. As well as attending the Berenberg US Stockpicker Conference in New York on October 3. So we hope to see you at one of those events. Thanks.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 59 minutes

Call participants:

Dave Gennarelli -- Investor Relations

Todd McKinnon -- Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder

Bill Losch -- Chief Financial Officer

Frederic Kerrest -- Executive Vice Chairperson, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder

Heather Bellini -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Jonathan Ho -- William Blair -- Analyst

Alex Henderson -- Needham & Company -- Analyst

Sterling Auty -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

Hamza Fodderwala -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Francois Yoshida-Are -- Berenberg Capital Markets -- Analyst

Andrew Nowinski -- Piper Jaffray -- Analyst

Gray Powell -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Gregg Moskowitz -- Mizuho Securities -- Analyst

Keith Bachman -- BMO -- Analyst

Hannah Rudoff -- DA Davidson -- Analyst

Yi -- Oppenheimer & Co. -- Analyst

More OKTA analysis

All earnings call transcripts

AlphaStreet Logo