Logo of jester cap with thought bubble.

Image source: The Motley Fool.

HealthStream (NASDAQ:HSTM)
Q4 2019 Earnings Call
Feb 19, 2020, 9:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the HealthStream, Inc. Info fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 earnings conference call. [Operator instructions] Please be advised that today's conference is being recorded. [Operator instructions] I would now like to hand the conference over to vice president, investor relations, and communications, Mollie Condra.

Mollie Condra -- Vice President, Investor Relations, and Communications

Thank you, and good morning. Thank you for joining us today to discuss our fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 results. Also on the conference call with me are Robert A. Frist, Jr., CEO and chairman of HealthStream; and Scotty Roberts, CFO and senior vice president.

I would also like to remind you that this conference call may contain forward-looking statements regarding future events and the future [Inaudible] of HealthStream that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Information concerning these risks and other factors that could cause the results to differ materially from those forward-looking statements are contained in the company's filings with the SEC, including forms 10-K and 10-Q. So at this time, I'll turn the call over to Bobby Frist.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Mollie. Good morning, everyone. Welcome to our fourth-quarter 2019 earnings call. It's a great call because we reflect back on the prior year's performance and set the stage for 2020 as well.

So as 2020 kicks off, HealthStream and all of our employees remain focused on delivering innovative solutions that develop the people of healthcare, the caregivers and the confident, competent and credentialed professionals. And to fulfill that vision and direction, we've had many exciting developments in 2019 that I think set us up really well as we enter into 2020. In 2019, for example, we added two members to our executive team: Scott McQuigg, a new senior vice president, heading up our hStream Solutions; and Scotty Roberts joined as our chief financial officer. We moved into new corporate office location in downtown Nashville, consolidating multiple offices and bringing nearly 400 employees together into a single site and location, which is really powerful from a coordination and operation standpoint.

We launched a new corporate social responsibility program, which we're really excited about. We've coined it Streaming Good, and all of our employees are engaged in streaming good back into our customers, into our communities where we work. We updated our logo and published a new constitution that guides our actions and behaviors in 2019. So all of this was a great refreshing of our culture and our strength as an organization.

In addition, we welcome over 90 new HealthStreamers to our range. So we're adding across the country into all areas of our operations targeting growth, including our sales organizations. We started the year with the acquisition of Providigm, and we ended it with the acquisition of CredentialMyDoc. We're really pleased to welcome the new employees from Providigm and CredentialMyDoc into the HealthStream family and excited about the contributions that their products bring to our customers.

We started the year off by launching a new American Red Cross suite program and a new skills validation program using technology-enabled manikins. And importantly, we ended the year with over $38.8 million in contract order value for these two exciting solutions. These updates set the stage for an exciting and productive 2020. And so just a few financial highlights.

We ended 2019 with strong financial results. For the full-year 2019, revenues were a record $254.1 million and adjusted EBITDA was an all-time high of $46.9 million. We ended the year with a cash balance of $172.9 million. And Scotty, in a few minutes, will dive into more details about our financial performance at the end of the year and also, importantly, our guidance in 2020.

I want to provide an update in this framework we started a few quarters ago of the three business transitions that are in front of us. They present challenges and opportunities. The opportunities are to enhance gross margins and strengthen our overall ecosystem. And the challenges, of course, associated with one of the transitions was the loss of a product revenue stream that's been important to the company in the past.

All three transitions are designed to move us toward being a higher-margin, more profitable company in the coming years. In fact, last quarter, we set a goal of crossing through the 60% gross margin by the third quarter of 2020. And already in the fourth quarter of 2019, we passed through the 60% gross margin. So in the first transition, we have transitioned our sales and marketing efforts from the legacy resuscitation products to our new resuscitation offering.

As a reminder, the new Red Cross resuscitation suite program is comprised of BLS, ALS and PALS competency development curricula. It brings an updated, highly adaptive competency-based development solution to healthcare professionals. It's really a world-class program, and we're excited to represent the Red Cross program to our customer base. It offers certification to healthcare professionals successfully demonstrating proficiency of the life-saving resuscitation knowledge and skills necessary to be consummate professionals.

The program is now live for multiple accounts, and we are seeing a growing number of healthcare professionals achieve certification through this exciting new program. And a little more color on the progress, and really, in some ways, we surprised ourselves. I think when we entered the year, it's a new product, a new market, a new brand, a new credential, even some new technologies supporting it. And we entered the year fairly conservatively, setting our budgeted expectations around $10 million in sales order value.

And obviously, with the $38.8 million, we've greatly exceeded that. In fact, if you look at how it transpired over the course of the year, the sales momentum grew throughout the year. Our new resuscitation offering, we added six new accounts in our launch quarter at the start of the year, that would be, really, during March, in the first quarter, and 15 new accounts in the second quarter, 48 new accounts for the third quarter and 39 new accounts in the fourth quarter. Together, for the full year of 2019, these 108 accounts -- and when we say the full year of 2019, we launched really in February.

So it's really around 10 months of selling. These 108 accounts totaled over $38.8 million in contract value for the new resuscitation offerings, which includes the skills component on the technology-enabled manikins and the Red Cross didactic and certificate part as well. These new contracts are from a mix of over 3,000 hospitals and healthcare facilities from across the continuum of care, including new and transitioning customers. So we saw acceptance in new markets of this Red Cross resuscitation suite program and the Innosonian skills validations program.

We saw acceptance of that in the acute market, as well as in the pre- and post-acute markets, we call the continuum of care. When we began the journey, there were three questions. There are many questions about whether or not the market would even accept another solution. It's clear that the market not only views our new resuscitation solutions, a growing solution set, as viable alternatives, but also they've embraced them as evidenced by the $38.8 million in contracted order values.

The second transition to cover involves the adoption and migration to our new VerityStream platform. This has been in progress many years as we've acquired many platforms and thousands of customers in the credentialing, privileging and enrollment space for providers. And now through this consolidation effort toward the new VerityStream platform, we're making great progress. In the first quarter of 2018, we announced the launch of VerityStream, our new platform for managing, credentialing and privileging in healthcare organizations.

In the fourth quarter of 2019, we updated our name of this business to VerityStream, which we believe better conveys our unique vision of providing customers a subscription to a continual stream of platform enhancements, evidence-based content and curated data. As of the end of 2019, new customer accounts to the VerityStream platform grew to over 200 contracted customers. This exceeded even our stretched goals internally, and a lot of this is new customer acquisition. On average, therefore, over four new customers per week were contracted during the fourth quarter.

These 200-plus customers represent a mix of new customers and existing customers who chose to migrate from our legacy credentialing and privileging platforms to the new VerityStream platform. Given the high quality of the new platform and our history of successfully migrating existing customers to improve solutions, we anticipate continued progress, both in terms of new sales and migrations of legacy customers. The migration journey is one that will require several years to fully accomplish, but we're seeing the benefits of the early adoption already for customers to get access to the broader suite of capabilities. The third transition to talk about involves our customers upgrading to the hStream platform-as-a-service architecture and platform.

We define that as the essential technology working behind machines that powers all activity in the HealthStream ecosystem. Features and functionality like a universal ID creates the potential for mobility of information across our applications, services and suites. In the fourth quarter, we added approximately 370,000 hStream subscriptions, bringing our cumulative total to approximately 3.15 million subscriptions, which is up from 2.78 million contracted subscriptions at the end of the third quarter of 2019. I want to remind everyone that these three business transitions all represent new multiyear journeys.

In fact, we kind of used a categorization or an analog to give an example of the expectations here. To provide perspective, last quarter, I said that we were nine months in to a 36-month journey. And what I meant by that was each of these, or migrations or transitions the company is undertaking, and each of them was a multiyear journey. None of them would be accomplished in one quarter, and yet, we don't expect any of them to take five years.

And so we set up this idea, this framework of our progress against the 36-month journey on each of the transitions. At 12 months into the 36-month journey, I can say we are making real progress on all three transitions. At the end of these journeys, we expect a higher-margin, more profitable company. At this time, I'll take a break and turn it over to our CFO, Scotty Roberts, who will give more detail and end with his guidance for 2020.

Scotty Roberts

Thank you, Bobby, and good morning. The discussion of our financial results today is for continuing operations only, and comparisons are against the prior-year fourth quarter, unless otherwise stated. Before I go over the fourth quarter, though, I'll briefly touch on our results for the full year of 2019. Our revenues finished the year at an all-time high of $254.1 million, which is up 10%.

Operating income was $14.7 million, which was down 5% but included a $2.2 million charge associated with the stock grant to employees that was facilitated by our CEO's contribution of personally owned HealthStream stock during the second quarter. Our earnings per share were $0.44 per diluted share, which was up 7%, and our adjusted EBITDA was also an all-time high of $46.9 million, which was up 13%. For the fourth quarter, our revenues were up 5% to $62.7 million. Operating income was up 18% to $3.3 million.

Our income from continuing operations was up 21% to $3.6 million. Our EPS from continuing operations was $0.11 per diluted share, compared to $0.09 per diluted share in the prior year. Our adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations was up 18% to $11.2 million. In addition, we completed the acquisition of CredentialMyDoc on December 16 for $9 million in cash.

Revenues from our Workforce Solutions segment totaled $50.9 million for the fourth quarter and are up 4% over the prior year. The legacy resuscitation revenues decreased by 11% or $1.5 million and were $12.6 million, compared to $14.1 million in the prior year. For the full year, revenues from these products increased by 8% and totaled $58.9 million, compared to $54.6 million for 2018. And I'll discuss our 2020 revenue outlook for these products in just a few moments.

Excluding revenues from both the legacy resuscitation products of $12.6 million and the Providigm acquisition of $1.7 million, our other workforce products grew by 4% in the fourth quarter. Revenues from the Provider Solutions segment were $11.8 million and grew by 10%. This growth is primarily from professional services for client implementations and sales of platform subscriptions. As I previously mentioned, on December 16, 2019, we acquired CredentialMyDoc, a SaaS-based credentialing company, which will be part of our Provider Solutions segment.

The acquisition brings approximately 300 new customers to VerityStream primarily in the continuum market. Fourth-quarter revenues from the acquisition were not material. Our gross margins improved to 60.3%, compared to 57.5% in the prior year. This improvement occurred because of the declining revenue from the low-margin legacy resuscitation products, which is being replaced by contributions from some of our higher-margin products.

Our operating expenses, excluding cost of revenues, were up 9% across the following categories: product development expenses increased by 12%, sales and marketing expenses increased by 5%, depreciation and amortization increased by 18% and G&A expenses increased by 6%. Overall, our operating expenses increased by $2.9 million compared to last year. Growth in operating expenses was primarily due to growth in staffing levels, which were up 13% since last year's fourth quarter. And in the year, we added over 90 additional employees.

The incremental operating expenses from the Providigm acquisition and higher depreciation associated with the relocation of our corporate office also contributed to the growth in operating expenses. Our operating income improved by 18% to $3.3 million, and our adjusted EBITDA also grew by 18% to $11.2 million. Now let's switch to our balance sheet and cash flows. Our cash and investment balances ended the quarter at approximately $173 million, and our working capital was $119 million.

Our cash flows from operations improved to a record high of $65.7 million for the full-year 2019, compared to $44.3 million in the prior year, which was an increase of 48%. Our DSO for the fourth quarter was also a record low at 39 days, compared to 51 days in the prior year. Our capital expenditures incurred in the fourth quarter were $4.7 million, and our full-year capital expenditures approximated $31.5 million. In 2019, we deployed $67 million of cash, which was used to fund two acquisitions, two minority investments and capital expenditures.

Ending the year with a strong balance sheet with $173 million of cash and investments and access to a $50 million line of credit facility, we believe we are well-positioned to continue making investments throughout 2020 to support our business development pipeline and other strategic initiatives to increase shareholder value. Now I'll turn to our financial guidance for 2020. For 2020, we anticipate that consolidated revenues will range between $247.5 million and $255.5 million, with revenues from the Workforce Solutions segment ranging between $197 million and $203 million, and revenues from the Provider Solutions segment ranging between $50.5 million and $52.5 million. When compared to the midpoint of these guidance ranges, consolidated revenues are expected to be down 1%.

Workforce is expected to be down 4%, and Provider is expected to grow by 13%. The decline in Workforce revenues is largely due to the $23 million or 38% decline in legacy resuscitation business. While we have discussed this headwind over the past two years, its impact will be apparent this year. For 2020, we expect revenues from the legacy products to approximate $36 million, with quarterly revenues expected to be as follows: first quarter of approximately $11 million, the second quarter of approximately $10.5 million, the third quarter of approximately $8.5 million and the fourth quarter of approximately $6 million, with approximately zero revenues thereafter.

Excluding the legacy resuscitation business, we anticipate Workforce revenues to grow between 7.5% and 11.5% based on our guidance ranges. For Provider Solutions, we expect revenues from the recent acquisition of CredentialMyDoc to contribute approximately $1.5 million, with the remainder of the growth coming from new sales, conversions and implementation of the VerityStream platform. We are in the early stages of VerityStream customer conversions, which were going slower than we anticipated, while new sales have exceeded our expectations. Our ability to balance new customer acquisition, conversions and timely and scalable implementations will be the biggest drivers of growth in this segment over the next several years.

We anticipate that operating income will range between $12 million and $14.5 million. This range includes a one-time favorable contractual adjustment of $3.4 million that occurred in the first quarter of 2020. This contractual adjustment resulted from the resolution of a mutual disagreement relating to various elements of a past partnership. The amount of $3.4 million related to accrued but unpaid royalties associated with the partnership agreement and the resolution of the agreement resulted in no royalties to be paid.

The favorable adjustment will be reflected as a reduction to cost of goods sold in the first quarter of 2020. Even factoring out the benefit of this one-time adjustment, we still expect gross margins to exceed 60% for 2020. Our guidance anticipates operating income will be down compared to last year, the most significant reason being the $23 million decline in revenues from the legacy resuscitation products. The CredentialMyDoc acquisition is also expected to result in a reduction in operating income of approximately $1 million primarily due to amortization of intangible assets and deferred revenue writedowns.

In addition, as in past years, investing back into the business is a top priority. 2020 will be focused on continued investment in our product offerings, including developing or acquiring more content assets to improve long-term gross margins, and expanding our sales, product development and operations teams. We anticipate growth in headcount of approximately 70 new employees over the course of 2020, which equates to an increase of approximately 8%. We also expect an increase in amortization expense from capitalized software and content to increase between 17% and 19% as a result of our investments.

We anticipate that capital expenditures will range between $24 million and $26 million, and we believe that having ownership in content assets will improve our margins over time, and we anticipate doubling our spend from $3 million in 2019 to $6 million in 2020. Our annual effective income tax rate is expected to range between 23% and 25%. And finally, from an acquisition standpoint, we maintain an active business development pipeline, but our guidance does not include the impact of any acquisitions that we may complete during 2020. And that concludes my comments, and I will turn the call back over to Bobby.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Scotty. I got a few closing remarks here, and then we'll move to questions. As part of our vision to improve the quality of care, HealthStream is helping our customers tackle the national opioid crisis by partnering with thought leaders and innovators to share knowledge and best practices with learners across the continuum of care. We've selected two partnerships to be part of the solution on the opioid crisis.

We've partnered with the National Quality Forum, a national, not-for-profit organization, to transform their NQP playbook on opioid stewardship into an online learning curriculum offered exclusively by HealthStream. The opioid stewardship program will be released next quarter. Also, Aspenti Health, an industry leader in addressing substance use and pain management population health issues, is partnering with HealthStream to codevelop a responsible opioid administration solution. This program includes three micro certificates geared toward clinical care providers across the continuum, meeting the 2018 enhanced pain assessment and management standards from the joint commission, as well as the Center for Disease Control, the National Quality Forum and other industry-leading authorities.

We're excited to be part of the solution for our nation's opioid crisis through our partnerships with the National Quality Forum and Aspenti Health. Given the ever-changing nature of the healthcare industry, a lot of pressure to navigate through the challenges of increasing regulation, new competition, shifting reimbursement models and new technology often falls directly on the healthcare workforce. Developing this workforce to be confident and confident and credentialed is necessary for healthcare organizations across the continuum of care. Our vision to improve the quality of healthcare by developing the people who deliver care has never been more relevant to our customers.

Alongside the transitions that we are going through, we never lose sight of the big picture and our purpose as such transitions are temporary, while the opportunity to positively impact the industry is ever-present and ongoing. Whether through our contributions addressing the opioid crisis or advances in learning methodology, like our recently announced new virtual reality-based team leader training program, HealthStream is making a difference broadly in the industry. As we conclude, I want to take a moment to thank our employees for their hard work in delivering a great year in 2019. It really set us up well for 2020 in spite of the challenges we faced with some of our legacy products.

They're an outstanding group of vision-driven employees and individuals, and I'm proud to work alongside of them as we deliver this change and improvement into the healthcare industry. At this time, I'd like to turn it over to questions.

Questions & Answers:


Operator

Thank you. [Operator instructions] Our first question comes from the line of Ryan Daniels with William Blair.

Ryan Daniels -- William Blair and Company -- Analyst

Hey, guys. Thanks for taking the questions. Bobby, one for you. Obviously, great momentum with the new resuscitation product, nearly $40 million in contract value.

What has been the reaction? What drove that kind of surprise outperformance there? Is it better pricing? Is it the flexibility of the modules, the VR, expanded sales force? What's really driving that significant upside for you guys?

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Well, as we entered, there's just a lot of trepidation in general because the market really had been defined by one player for 20 years. And there's just generally budget cycles, acceptance issues, longer sales cycles. But what I think has happened is a unique confluence of modernization of the approach, the combination of the flexibility we've built into the HealthStream platform, we call it the interval flexibility, allows for a more flexible use of the program. And the incredible thoughtful and modern development that went in by the Red Cross to build kind of a modern adult learning methodology, video-based, using healthcare professionals, not actors and not animations, that's really striking a cord as a progressive, thoughtful and effective program.

Price has been a variable, but it hasn't been the main driver. We think it's important to have disruptive technology that is enhanced and better at a lower price, but that hasn't been the driver. It's an important part of the equation. We definitely, as you noted, strengthened the sales team throughout last year as we saw momentum building.

We actually added to the sales team, and that continued through as recent as January of this year. So it's a confluence of many things. And this has been carefully in development for almost three years now and now 10 or 11 months in the market. And I think the Red Cross has the scientific credibility.

The international standards and guidelines are met in its development. The sales team had growing confidence in the application. And I think importantly, too, HealthStream has been in the market so long. We're a trusted advisor to our customers.

And when we offer up new programs to our customers, it's been our experience that they at least listen and take a review of those new programs. So we were conservative in our original budgeting because we just didn't know. We just flat out didn't know how it would go. And we have growing confidence that some of the first initial hurdles were through.

There'll never cease to be a challenge to continue growing it, but for many reasons, we have confidence. And related to that, just as an FYI, this will be the end of reporting the quarterly sales momentum of the product. We're going to fold it into the Workforce. It's now part of our guidance overall.

We think it's competitively unnecessary to talk about account wins and number of accounts and order value. We've established now over $38.8 million in orders. It's a valid product scientifically, valid and accepted by customers. And so we're going to fold the results of this back in like we always have as a product.

And we've reported in great detail the quarterly runouts through this year of the legacy products. So all of the detail necessary for modeling for the legacy products is now in your hands as analysts and the investor community. In addition, we've clarified that in 2021, we expect approximately zero revenue from the legacy products. So from a modeling standpoint, as you look forward to 2021, you should be careful to model those declines because they're rather steep and continuous declines in the legacy products from here forward and, again, well articulated.

So I didn't mean to jump off in the legacy products, but thank you for the question. I think we surprised ourselves on all fronts. But it really shouldn't be a surprise because we had teams of excellent people working on this for over two years before the launch. And they've really delivered a great product to the market.

Ryan Daniels -- William Blair and Company -- Analyst

Yeah. No, that's very helpful detail. And I guess the follow-up would be in regards to the $38.8 million, can you give us a feel for the average length of those contracts? I guess the missing piece of the puzzle is how quickly that $38 million will roll into the revenue stream. I'm assuming those are kind of multiyear contracts.

So just trying to get a feel for the impact on --

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, sure, sure. So we'll provide that color now and then, again, probably won't talk about it anymore. But right now, we're fortunate that most of our contracts are averaging four years or more. And so that will spread the revenue recognition.

And as you said, the inboarding of revenue, they have to be implemented before they can be recognized, of course, and then the revenue starts, and the average contract length is probably north of four right now, four years. And so that should help you figure out how to model the inbound revenues from the initial orders in 2019.

Ryan Daniels -- William Blair and Company -- Analyst

Thank you for all the color there. I really appreciate it. Thanks.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Certainly.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from the line of Matt Hewitt with Craig-Hallum.

Matt Hewitt -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC -- Analyst

Good morning. Congratulations on the strong year.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Matt Hewitt -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC -- Analyst

First up, regarding the VR-based training, obviously, you're still in, I guess, beta testing. How should we be thinking about that market opportunity, either from a number of subscribers or -- and I know you don't typically talk about TAMs. But just trying to get a sense for how big that opportunity could be and when you expect to go live with that.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

So what's interesting about that is that it's largely an ignored paradigm in this training approach. So for example, a lot of emphasis in the legacy and existing programs is on the skills and competence of the individual. We believe that the team dynamic, the dynamic of the responding professionals, their interaction, the decision-making they have during a code crisis is an essential element to the outcome. In fact, it may prove over time to be a very essential or important or statistically relevant impact.

And so VR, what it does in general, it allows for interactions of multiple individuals, realistic simulations of stress in the environment, resources to be aligned with the experience of the environment. So if the hospital is equipped in the ER in a certain way, it's different than a field-equipped situation. So it allows for a different type of learning. Now Matt, I think we're very new.

And what I'm most excited about this program that we announced, has been in development for over a year, probably closer to two years, and we did just announce it, the hardware that powers it is evolving at such a rapid pace. It's what's making me most excited is that as little as six months ago, to effectively run a VR program required almost a dedicated room with spatial sensors in the room and a dedicated PC plugged into a headset. There are new technologies emerging as we speak, that everything is self-contained in a sub-$1,000 headset, no PC, no spatial monitors set up physically in the room. And so we think that the adoption soon, like now, can begin to see some early uptake.

All that said, though, it is a new modality, a new methodology, a new technology, and we're excited that it's now a component piece of the story. We think it will have a growing importance over time for not just resuscitation training but all forms of clinical training that have a team dynamic or situational awareness that is critical. That said, I would be extraordinarily conservative and not put any line items down our revenue expectations for now. We'll report on the progress of our pilot programs throughout this year and its impact and maybe some early adopters.

But I wouldn't be modeling it as a financial opportunity in this calendar year. Stick with the guidance we've provided you. There's small assumptions for pilots in that guidance that are paid. But I would view this as kind of the dawn of a new era of training and training models.

And we're glad to be right at the front of it with [Inaudible]. And the product will be available for sale as an add-on module. We think it's relevant to the entire market. And how fast they adopt it will require change management and adoption of new methodologies.

So ultimately, I think that this is a method of training that should be relevant to essentially every professional in every environment.

Matt Hewitt -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC -- Analyst

OK. That's helpful. And then regarding CredentialMyDoc, how should we be thinking about the cross-selling opportunity for those apps as this year progresses?

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

How should we think about what?

Matt Hewitt -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC -- Analyst

The cross-selling opportunity. Yes.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

I think, again, it's a small tuck-in. They've got a great audience. They focused on a particular niche of the market. And so it will take us some time to figure out the exact cross-sell opportunities.

The main thing it did was add a really nice niche, over 300 customers that become opportunities for us. But for now, I wouldn't model extreme synergies or cross-selling for now. Give us a little time to bring it in like we've done the other three and consider how it can be migrated to upgraded technologies or access to more of the technologies we offer. So for now, again, I'd just kind of conservatively model.

We gave an indication of its revenue, and Scotty did, about $1.5 million.

Scotty Roberts

$1.5 million.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. And so I'd kind of stick with that.

Matt Hewitt -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC -- Analyst

OK. And then last one, regarding hStream, obviously, you continue to make progress on converting customers to the new platform. Are there any large contracts that are up for renewal that we should be watching for or trying to model for this year?

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

No. I don't think individually modeling that is necessarily still useful just yet. We're still converting the existing core foundations and HLC subscribers. So a large part of these are conversions.

But also, of course, new additions are coming in as well. We have factored into the guidance we gave you the overall financial impact of our expected renewals, nonrenewals, the challenges and opportunities we have for renewals and nonrenewals. So the guidance we've given you financially sets you up to have an accurate -- we believe, an accurate way to model it.

Matt Hewitt -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC -- Analyst

Understood. All right. Thank you very much.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from the line of Andrew Cooper with Raymond James.

Andrew Cooper -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Hey, thanks for the question. We've covered a lot of kind of the qualitative grounds, so I think I'll ask a numbers one. But just as we think about gross margin, obviously, the quarter was really strong. Is this a new sort of run rate baseline to think about from here? Or is there any sort of noise as we go through 2020 where there could be some sort of lumpiness up and down, especially as we think about the legacy resuscitation obviously sort of rolling out through the course of the quarters? Just should we be thinking about 4Q as the floor and continued progress? Or is there any noise on that front?

Scotty Roberts

Yeah, Andrew, this is Scotty. I'll try to answer your questions. Gross margins in Q4 were definitely impacted by the decline in the legacy business. And we've given you guidance on revenue expectations for 2020 in that probably the biggest driver of the gross margin improvement is going to continue to be the -- as that low-margin product line rolls off, margins will improve.

And of course, we're also introducing some of our new products which have higher margins that are factored into our guidance. And so the combination of low-margin product rolling off and higher-margin products coming in. I would also mention, and I talked about it in the guidance, there's a first-quarter event that occurred that's going to give us a benefit to both operating income and to gross margin. So there was a $3.4 million benefit that we are reporting in Q1, and that will create a reduction in the cost of revenues, which will increase our gross margins in Q1.

So I wouldn't model off of the expected Q1 margin that we'll likely see, but I think getting into the 60% range is where we're expecting to end the year.

Andrew Cooper -- Raymond James -- Analyst

OK. That's helpful. And then as we think about that sort of further out and from a little bit more of a strategic perspective, I think you had said 65% as kind of the bogey for the start of '21. Is that still sort of the longer-term kind of goal to get to once you've rolled off the -- obviously, the entirety of the legacy resuscitation? Or with some of these higher-margin new products, is there a potential for that to continue to creep higher as we think longer term and what HealthStream could look like from a margin perspective at scale on some of these newer products?

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I think you heard in some of our dialogue our increased investment in content from $3 million to $6 million. We believe that should have a potential impact, positive impact on gross margin. Obviously, the roll-off of the legacy resuscitation product, introduction of new products like the VR team leader training that we helped develop where we put some development dollars in, should help our gross margin.

So I think, overall, we would stick to what we said, which was we initially said 60% at the second half of 2020. We do think, at this point, it's safe to say we've crossed over the 60% for 2020, so couple of quarters early. We'll reiterate that in Q1 of 2021, we believe it should be around 65%, plus or minus a point. And without going any further, I think that's probably as far out as we want to get in front of ourselves.

But I think as you think about modeling that next year, we should be in that 63% to 66% range for 2021.

Andrew Cooper -- Raymond James -- Analyst

OK. That's helpful. I'll leave the rest for follow-up. Appreciate it.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from the line of Vincent Colicchio with Barrington Research.

Vincent Colicchio -- Barrington Research -- Analyst

Yeah, Bobby, I'm curious, what portion of the resuscitation accounts added were prior users of the Laerdal product? And also another question is, has there been any competitive response from Laerdal from your early traction?

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So it's a nice mix of new and converted customers, both large and small. So we had some big wins that were conversions and some big wins that were new. For example, Fresenius is a global provider of dialysis services.

That was a huge head-to-head win, a complete conversion of Fresenius in hundreds and hundreds of locations. That was a net new account. And CHS that we announced earlier is an example of a large-scale conversion of an existing account. And I think those two are a nice example of -- was a nice mix of newly acquired and in legacy.

Again, without disclosing the exact percentage because I actually don't know it, it was a really balanced selling and growing opportunity.

Vincent Colicchio -- Barrington Research -- Analyst

Yeah. And then the other question was, has there been any competitive response from Laerdal?

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

There'll always be competitive responses. And there's some irony into that as well because, as you know, we have a business relationship and a functioning operational partnership with them to ensure that their products are available to our customers as well. We do not sell or market or distribute them, but we do have a good compatibility agreement in place so that our customers can benefit from their products if they select them. And so their competitive response is up to them, and we're here to facilitate the delivery of these great programs to a very large customer base.

Vincent Colicchio -- Barrington Research -- Analyst

OK. Thanks. Nice quarter.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. I'm showing no further questions at this time. I will now turn the call back over to CEO, Robert Frist, for any closing remarks.

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you for listening and participating in this earnings call. We look forward to reporting the next quarter. It comes a little faster. The next call is right around the corner.

Thank you, and enjoy the rest of your day.

Operator

[Operator signoff]

Duration: 50 minutes

Call participants:

Mollie Condra -- Vice President, Investor Relations, and Communications

Bobby Frist -- Chief Executive Officer

Scotty Roberts

Ryan Daniels -- William Blair and Company -- Analyst

Matt Hewitt -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC -- Analyst

Andrew Cooper -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Vincent Colicchio -- Barrington Research -- Analyst

More HSTM analysis

All earnings call transcripts