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Applied Optoelectronics Inc (NASDAQ:AAOI)
Q4 2019 Earnings Call
Feb 27, 2020, 4:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good afternoon. I will be your conference operator. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to the Applied Optoelectronics Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2019 Earnings Conference Call. All participants have been placed on mute to prevent any background noise. [Operator Instructions] Please note this event is being recorded.

I will now turn the call over to Lindsay Savarese, Investor Relations for AOI. Ms. Savarese, you may begin.

Lindsay Savarese -- Investor Relations

Thank you. I'm Lindsay Savarese, Applied Optoelectronics Investor Relations, and I'm pleased to welcome you to AOI's fourth quarter and full year 2019 financial results conference call. After the market closed today, AOI issued a press release announcing its fourth quarter and full year 2019 financial results and provided its outlook for the first quarter of 2020. The release is also available on the company's website at ao-inc.com. This call is being recorded and webcast live. A link to that recording can be found on the Investor Relations section of the AOI website and will be archived for one year.

Joining us on today's call is Dr. Thompson Lin, AOI's Founder, Chairman and CEO; and Dr. Stefan Murry, AOI's Chief Financial Officer and Chief Strategy Officer. Thompson will give an overview of AOI's Q4 results, and Stefan will provide financial details and the outlook for the first quarter of 2020. A question-and-answer session will follow our prepared remarks.

Before we begin, I would like to remind you to review AOI's safe harbor statements. On today's call, management will make forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions and current expectations, which could cause the company's actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminologies such as believes, anticipates, estimates, intends, predicts, expects, plans, may, should, could, would, will or thinks and by other similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes.

Forward-looking statements also include statements regarding management's beliefs and expectations related to the expansion of the reach of our products into new markets and customer responses to our innovations, as well as statements regarding the company's outlook for the first quarter of 2020.

Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this earnings call to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in the company's expectations. More information about other risks that may impact the company's business are set forth in the Risk Factors section of the company's reports on file with the SEC, including the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31st, 2018.

Also with the exception of revenue, all financials discussed today are on a non-GAAP basis, unless specifically noted otherwise. Non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for results prepared in accordance with GAAP. A reconciliation between our GAAP and non-GAAP measures, as well as a discussion of why we present non-GAAP financial measures, are included in our earnings press release that is available on our website.

Before moving to the financial results, I'd like to announce that AOI management will present at the Raymond James Institutional Investor Conference on March 3rd, and will host an investor session at OFC on Tuesday, March 10th at the San Diego Convention Center. This discussion will be webcast live and a link to the webcast will be available on the Investor Relations section of the AOI website. We hope to have the opportunity to see many of you there. Additionally, I'd like to note the date of our first quarter 2020 earnings call is currently scheduled for May 7th, 2020.

Now, I would like to turn the call over to Dr. Thompson Lin, Applied Optoelectronics Founder, Chairman and CEO. Thompson?

Thompson Lin -- Founder, President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman

Thank you, Lindsey, and thank you everyone for joining us today. We delivered revenue in line with our guidance range and achieved better-than-expected result on the bottom line. AOI delivered Q4 revenue of $48.7 million, non-GAAP gross margin of 37.6% and a non-GAAP net loss of $0.18 per share. During the quarter, the datacenter demand environment remained consistent with our expectations. However, we are continuing to see improved order pattern among two of our hyperscale datacenter customers.

We remain cautiously optimistic as demand continues to stabilize among our customers. We are pleased to report that we recently received a design win for our 400G product with the Tier 1 network equipment manufacturer, and we are encouraged by the customer interest we are seeing with this product.

In CATV, the overall CATV demand environment continue to be soft. While we expect this condition to influence our performance in the near-term, we believe AOI remain well-positioned given our innovative technology as MSO move to next-generation architectures. We continue to make good progress and diversify our customer base and during the quarter, we secured nine design wins, with eight out of nine design wins coming from new customers with 31 total design wins for the year, which is nearly 20% higher than our total design wins in 2018. We believe that this market [Phonetic] trend of new customer design wins activity reflects favorably on our technology domain and manufacturing execution, and ASO demonstrates the ongoing success of our strategy to extend sales beyond our core hyperscale customer base.

Before turning the call over to Stefan for additional details and our outlook, I'd like to first address the coronavirus outbreak as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak in China. We experienced change in our operation there in Q1. Our operation in Ningbo was shut down for approximately 2.5 weeks beyond our normal Lunar New Year holidays. We are currently up and running again at approximately 70% of our normal capacity, which is improving steadily as our staff is able to return to work. In order to reduce the impact of the shutdown on our customers, we have taken measures to increase production at our factory in Taiwan and in the US. And while we anticipate reduced revenue and some additional expense in Q1, we are working hard to minimize these impacts.

We have included our current estimates of the impact in our guidance. However, I was cautious that there are still significant unknowns with respect to the extent and duration of the impact to operation. At this point, we expect that these issues will be temporary as the situation in China gradually gets back to normal. Stefan would provide additional detail, but I wish at a time to send our staff and leadership in China for their dedication in dealing with this very evolving situation, and all those go out to all those individuals in China and around the world who are suffering [Indecipherable]

We are encouraged by the traction we are seeing with our 400G product and the continuous sign of recovery from several of our datacenter customers. There also we continue to be pleased with our design wins. We remain focused on delivering innovative technologies to our customer and are well positioned to capitalize on opportunities ahead of us as the market improves. We are looking forward to [Indecipherable] our technology solution, and meeting with many of you and oversee next month.

With that, I would turn the call over to Stefan to review the details of our Q4 performance and outlook for Q1. Stefan?

Stefan Murry -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Strategy Officer

Thank you, Thompson. Our Q4 financial performance and demand environment were broadly in line with our expectations. Total revenue for the fourth quarter was $48.7 million, which was at the high end of our guidance range. Our datacenter revenue came in at $39.3 million compared with $42.6 million in Q4 of last year. In the fourth quarter, 49% of our datacenter revenue was from our 40G transceiver products and 42% was from our 100G products.

As Thompson mentioned, we are pleased to report a design win for our 400G product with a Tier 1 network equipment manufacturer, which we received subsequent to quarter end and are pleased with the interest and customer engagement that this product is generating. We remain in active qualification with other customers for their 400G datacenter transceiver needs and look forward to additional design wins as these activities culminate over the next few quarters.

Datacenter market dynamics played out similarly to the last few quarters with a slight improvement in Q4 compared to Q3. We are continuing to see a modest recovery among two of our hyperscale datacenter customers, while one customer continues to purchase product from us but with reduce demand. Looking ahead, we remain cautiously optimistic about the demand picture in the near-term. We had seven design wins in the quarter in our datacenter segment with four out of the seven wins coming from a new datacenter operator customer. We are very pleased with this new customer traction and expect to begin generating revenue from this new relationship this quarter.

Turning to our cable television product segment. Revenue from CATV products was $6.8 billion compared to $12.7 million in Q4 of last year, primarily driven by weaken demand from our North American MSO customers. We continue to believe that MSOs are delaying upgrades pending the availability of new technologies such as DOCSIS 4.0. Looking ahead, we believe this environment will continue through the first half of this year, driven by demand dynamics we discussed and coupled with typical seasonality. While we believe these conditions will impact our near-term outlook, we believe that AOI remains well-positioned as these new technologies roll out, given our key technologies like Remote PHY.

Revenue from our telecom products was $2.2 million compared to $2.8 million in Q4 of last year, in line with our expectations, primarily driven by a decrease in sales of certain legacy products, partially offset by increasing sales of newer products such as those designed for 5G network deployments. In addition to the seven design wins in the datacenter segment, we had one design win in our telecom segment during Q4. This design win is with a network equipment manufacturer of 5G networking equipment. For the quarter, 81% of our revenue was from datacenter products, 14% from CATV products with the remaining 5% from FTTH, telecom and other.

In the fourth quarter, we had two 10% or greater customers both in the datacenter market that contributed 39% and 28% of total revenue respectively. For the year, we had four 10% or greater customers, three in the datacenter segment that contributed 32%, 24% and 11% respectively and one of the CATV market that contributed 10% of total revenue. In total, for the fourth quarter, we secured nine new design wins among six customers, five of whom are new to AOI, bringing our total design wins in 2019 to 31, up from 26 design wins in 2018.

We made good progress this year in diversifying our revenue base with the declining revenue concentration. The concentration of revenue among our top 10 customers decreased from 92.9% in 2018 to 88.1% in 2019. In Q4, our top 10 customers combined to account for 87.5% of our revenue compared to 91.5% of our revenue in Q4 last year. In Q4, we generated a gross margin of 27.6%, up from 24.7% in Q4 of last year and within our guidance range of 26.5% to 29%, primarily driven by operational efficiencies and a favorable product mix.

Total operating expenses in the quarter were $19.4 million or 39.9% of revenue compared with $18.7 million or 31.8% of revenue in the same quarter last year. We had $0.3 million in direct economic incentives from the Chinese government in Q4. Operating loss in the fourth quarter was $6 million compared to an operating loss of $4.2 million in Q4 last year. GAAP net loss for Q4 was $35.4 million or a loss of $1.76 per basic share compared with GAAP net loss of $8.6 million or $0.43 per basic share in Q4 of last year. The increased net loss was primarily driven by a valuation allowance against certain of our deferred tax assets totaling $25.7 million. On a non-GAAP basis, net loss after-tax for Q4 was $3.6 million or a loss of $0.18 per basic share, which was favorable to our guidance range of a loss of $4.3 million to $5.9 million or $0.21 to $0.30 per share and compares to a net loss of $0.5 million or a loss of $0.02 per basic share in Q4 of last year. The basic shares outstanding used for computing the net loss in Q4 were 20.1 million.

Turning now to the balance sheet. We ended the fourth quarter with $67 million in total cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and restricted cash. This compares with $72.4 million at the end of Q3 and reflects $3.2 million in cash used for operations. As of December 31, we had $85 million in inventory compared to $82.1 million in Q3. The increase in inventory was mainly driven by inventory buildup ahead of the Lunar New Year. Although this was planned, we believe this extra inventory will be useful to us as we continue to recover normal operations following the coronavirus shutdown. Longer-term, we continue to believe that inventory levels will rationalize. We made a total of $5.2 million in capital investments in the quarter, including $2.2 million in production equipment and machinery, and $2.7 million on construction and building improvements.

Capital expenditures in 2019 of $37.6 million were below our expectations of $46 million, and the difference was primarily related to delays in the construction of our plant in China. We expect most of these expenses to be incurred in 2020, although the timing within the year is still uncertain due to the coronavirus. As Thompson mentioned, the COVID-19 outbreak in China continues to affect our operations there, although the situation is gradually returning to normal. Our factory in Ningbo is not located near the epicenter of the disease but like many cities in China the government there ordered all factories to shut down for an extended period following the Lunar New Year.

In total, we were shut down for approximately 2.5 weeks beyond our normal holiday period. We have resumed operations there and are already operating at 70% of our normal capacity, which is improving steadily as staff are able to return to work. As far as financial impact, there are three areas that we are monitoring; one, reduced manufacturing capacity in the quarter due to the shutdown and lower than typical head count in the factory; two, additional expenses incurred as a result of the outbreak; and, three supply chain issues. As many of our suppliers are in China, we are working closely with them as they return to work to assess whether they will be able to supply necessary raw materials for our production.

At this point, the vast majority of our suppliers in China have returned to work and we currently believe that we will not have constraints on our production capacity in Q1 due to virus-related supply chain disruption. In order to reduce the impact of the shutdown on our customers, we have taken measures to increase production at our factories in Taiwan and in the US. The flexibility that we have in maintaining multiple manufacturing locations is an essential part of our strategy and our ability to ramp production outside of China has allowed us to offer product to certain customers whose regular suppliers were more acutely affected by the virus than we have been. Our production cost in Taiwan and the US are typically higher than in China, So this may also temporarily press pressure margins. But as China returns to full operations, we anticipate this margin pressure will be short-lived. So, while we have many challenges in dealing with this very fluid situation, we feel that our diversified manufacturing strategy and relatively high level of automation have allowed us to address these challenges proactively.

Moving now to our Q1 outlook; we expect Q1 revenue to be between $43 million and $47 million and non-GAAP gross margin to be in the range of 23% to 25%. Non-GAAP net loss is expected to be in the range of $6.8 million to $8.3 million and non-GAAP loss per share between $0.34 per share and $0.41 per share using a weighted average basic share count of approximately 20.3 million shares.

With that, I will turn it back over to the operator for the Q&A session. Operator?

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] The first question comes from Samik Chatterjee of JPMorgan. Please go ahead.

Bharat Daryani -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Yeah. Hi guys. Thanks for taking my question. This is actually Bharat on for Samik. So the first question I had on the datacenter side, it looks like the 100 gig revenues were up sequentially quite a bit. And then, if I'm not wrong, you highlighted three datacenter customers that were greater than 10%. So, one large hyperscale customer that we had talked about in the last call that had higher inventory and was at reduce spending level. So, are you seeing that return to normal and are you seeing normal capex levels return from that customer?

Stefan Murry -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Strategy Officer

So just to clarify, during the quarter, we had two 10% or greater customers in the datacenter segment...

Bharat Daryani -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Okay.

Stefan Murry -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Strategy Officer

...that were 39% and 28% respectively, so not three but two. With respect to the -- we did have for the year, we had three datacenter customers, and just to clarify, so two in the fourth quarter and three for the year. I would say the -- as we noted in our prepared remarks, two of our datacenter customers are increasing their orders and one continues to order from us but with a reduced level from what it had been historically.

Bharat Daryani -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Okay. Yeah. Thanks for that. And then, one follow-up I have is the new 400-gig design win that you talked about, how should we -- can you quantify probably the magnitude of that and how should we think about the benefit of that coming through, do you expect that meaningfully come starts to benefit the revenue toward the latter half of this year or that's more a 2021 kind of story. Thanks.

Stefan Murry -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Strategy Officer

We may see some contribution late this year. I'm expecting it frankly to be more of a 2021 ramp, but it could come as early as later this year depending on how things play out. This particular win is a sizable opportunity for us, but I think more than the absolute dollars that could come from this win. I think it really is a testament that the technology that we have is playing well with customers. As we noted in our prepared remarks, we have a number of ongoing qualifications with other customers, and I think this provides some tangible evidence that the product is working as intended and customers are accepting the product and the pricing and other aspects of the product that we have. So, we think it demonstrates our capabilities and we're excited about the other accepting the product and the pricing and other aspects of the product, that we have. So, we're -- we think it demonstrates our capabilities and we're excited about the other qualifications that we have ongoing in.

Bharat Daryani -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Great. Thanks for taking the question. Thank you.

Lindsay Savarese -- Investor Relations

Thanks.

Operator

[Operator Instructions] The next question comes from Joe Flynn of Craig-Hallum. Please go ahead.

Joe Flynn -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group -- Analyst

Hi guys. I'm on for Richard Shannon. Just a quick question regarding the 400 gig products. Would you be able to tell us is it the 4-channel or 8-channel product design?

Operator

It's a 4-channel design.

Joe Flynn -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group -- Analyst

Okay. Thanks. And I guess, looking out forward, what does the path of breakeven look like, anything upright [Phonetic] maybe like on sales levels, gross margin, maybe the main market drivers that will be there.

Operator

Yeah. I think, Joe, there -- obviously there's a couple of different knobs that we can turn. One is increasing gross margins, and the other is increasing revenue. I think our operating expenses are likely to be, relatively well controlled at around this level. They may, you know, on a quarter by quarter basis, they may they may balance around a little bit, but overall I don't expect major changes in our operating expenses at this point. So really it comes down to revenue and increase in gross margin. And I think as far as revenue contribution, I think the main factors that we expect to see are improvement, especially in the back half of the year in our cable TV market. Q1 is always a seasonally down quarter for us in cable. And as we noted in our prepared remarks, we're also are kind of a nattered in terms of industry revenue, I believe at least from the commentary that I've heard from other companies in the industry so far this reporting season. It seems like revenues are generally depressed across the cable TV space.

We do believe that several MSOs are in the process of contemplating or making plans to begin upgrades later on the year and that should be good for the industry as a whole, and hopefully AOI in particular participating in that. We do think some of our newer technologies like Remote PHY and some of our other newer products for the cable space could contribute positively to both obviously revenue and gross margins as well. So that's one factor I think that lead us to improving condition. The other is continued growth in our 100 gig datacenter products. As you noted,our 100 gig -- sorry, it wasn't you, it was a previous question noted that the 100 gig was up sharply was nearly double what it was last quarter. And as long as that trend can continue I think that's positive for us. It portends revenue growth is well.

400 gig as I noted in my answer to the previous question is likely to be not that bigger contributor in 2020, but longer-term could meaningfully contribute to both revenue and gross margin. And then, the 5G network build out. Currently I think with the coronavirus that does put a little bit of a question mark on the pace of rollouts, particularly in China where some of the early rollouts were expected to happen, but nevertheless I think over the longer-term as we move past that the virus-related concerns that certainly should be positive for us in terms of revenue growth.

We also think it could be positive in terms of gross margin, it depends a little bit on product mix there, but there are opportunities where we can extract higher gross margins certainly than our current levels there. So, those are all the kind of knobs that we expect to turn and the market dynamics that are playing out. And overall, I think we're pretty optimistic that datacenter recovery is under way. Cable TV still not recovering yet, but I think there's reason to be optimistic about the back half of the year. And then, 5G should be a contributor to us as well, and all three of those things are kind of pointing in the right direction if not immediately evident in this quarter.

Joe Flynn -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group -- Analyst

All right. Thanks. That's helpful. That's all from me.

Stefan Murry -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Strategy Officer

Yeah. Thank you.

Operator

[Operator Instructions] At this time, we have no further questions. And I will turn the call over to Dr. Thompson Lin for closing remarks.

Thompson Lin -- Founder, President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman

Okay. Thank you for joining us today. As always, we thank our investors, customers and employees for your continued support and we look forward to seeing many of you at our upcoming investor conference at OC.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 29 minutes

Call participants:

Lindsay Savarese -- Investor Relations

Thompson Lin -- Founder, President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman

Stefan Murry -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Strategy Officer

Bharat Daryani -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Joe Flynn -- Craig-Hallum Capital Group -- Analyst

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