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B. Riley Financial Inc (NASDAQ:RILY)
Q4 2019 Earnings Call
Mar 3, 2020, 4:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good afternoon and welcome to B. Riley Financial's Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2019 Earnings Call. Earlier today, B. Riley issued a press release with its financial results. A copy can be found in the Investors section of the Company's website at ir.brileyfin.com. [Operator Instructions] A replay of today's call will also be made available on the Company's website.

Joining us today are Bryant Riley, Chairman and Co-CEO; Tom Kelleher, Co-CEO; and Phillip Ahn, CFO and COO. After management's remarks, we will open the line for questions. And before we conclude today's call, I will provide the necessary cautions regarding forward-looking statements.

I would now turn the call over to Mr. Bryant Riley. Mr. Riley, please proceed.

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Thank you and welcome everyone. 2019 was another year of continued progress and growth from for B. Riley Financial with total revenues of $662.1 million, a year-over-year increase of 54% and adjusted EBITDA of $207.9 million with net income of $81.3 million for the year, which is at the high-end of our previous guidance.

Our strong Q4 performance was driven by record investment banking revenues, as well as significant investment portfolio gains, which more than offset a large loss in our liquidation segment. Meanwhile, our consulting, appraisal, wealth management and principal investment businesses continue to perform steadily as we pursue new opportunity to create additional value from our platform.

Over the last few years, we've meaningfully transformed our business by building and purchasing assets with steadier and more recurring revenue streams. At the same time, we focus on growing market share on our more episodic capital markets and retail liquidation businesses. In Q4, we announced the formation of brand investment portfolio which aligned with our principal investment strategy and delivers additional steady recurring cash flow to our platform. Our brand holdings have already started contributing, generating $4.1 million in revenue and $2.7 million in operating income in the fourth quarter. We anticipate this new additional help to provide further down to our more episodic businesses.

Our recurring businesses contributed more than 50% of pre-tax income before corporate overhead and approximately 40% adjusted EBITDA in 2019. As we look forward to 2020, we expect more than $100 million of our cash flow generated by our steadier businesses, which will enable us to continue to proactively pursue opportunities with our more volatile markets. And as we discussed on our prior calls, we're seeing more and more opportunities, which we believe are uniquely suited to our platform, because of the diverse capabilities we offer under one roof.

A more recent example includes our role in the Alta Equipment Group listing, which went public last month through a reverse merger with B. Riley-sponsored SPACs from last April. We were involved in multiple levels of this transaction as banking and capital market advisors, as placement agent on the debt and placement agent on the equity financing. We brought a multiple groups to advice on the transaction and arrange financing, which resulted in a successful business combination competing just under 10 months. We're excited about the prospects for Alta, can't think of a better and more deserving company with a strong leadership and outstanding track record of delivering results. We look forward to continuing to be a partner to Alta in the future as it looks to scale business.

Another recent example is our ongoing work with the franchise group. This is the Company in which we're a shareholder and company held two Board seats. FRG completed its acquisition of American Freight Group last month, which is another instance where we're able to serve as an advisor and placement agent on the deal, again providing the Company with the necessary financing to support a successful closing. We see these types of opportunities time and time again and our combined teams are expanded universe and our proven-ability to provide a diverse set of end-to-end capabilities under one roof truly differentiates us from our competitors.

We will continue to leverage our balance sheet and create more opportunities, which not only benefit us, but also support our partners and our clients. And while I feel like I say this often, I can't emphasize it enough. We recognized that we are stewards of our shareholders capital, and we believe we have demonstrated through dividends and through our share repurchase program.

During 2019, we repurchased more than 870,000 shares of our common stock and warrants, and we just announced an increase to our regular quarterly dividends to $0.25 supplemented by a special dividend of $0.10 for a total fourth quarter dividends of $0.35. Upon payment of our Q4 dividend, we will pay the total of $1.76 in dividends on a common stock-related to our earnings for the full-year of 2019.

With that, I'll turn the call over to our CFO and COO, Phillip Ahn, to provide a summary of our financial metrics. Phillip?

Phillip Ahn -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer

Thanks, Bryant. Welcome everyone. For the fourth quarter, revenues totaled $165.2 million, up from $102 million for the same period of 2018. As Bryant mentioned, the increase in revenue for the quarter was primarily driven by investment banking and gains in our prop investment portfolio, which offset a large loss in our liquidation segment for the quarter. For the year, our total revenues were $652 million, which is a 54% increase, compared to $423 million in total revenue for 2018.

Now turning to our individual segments. In capital markets, fourth quarter revenues increased to $172.2 million, up from $60.6 million for the same period of 2018. Segment income increased to $88.6 million, up from a loss of $12.5 million, which included restructuring charges incurred during the fourth quarter of 2018. The significantly quarterly increase in our net capital markets segment was primarily driven by an increase in banking revenue, as well as investment gains related to the Company's equity portfolio.

For the year, capital market segment revenue increased to $485.9 million, up from $275.1 million for 2018. Segment income increased to $179.3 million, up from $10.2 million for the prior year. The year-over-year increase in our capital market segment was attributed to an increase in investment banking gains in our investment portfolio and a full-year's contribution from GlassRatner, which we acquired in August of 2018.

Now turning to our auction and liquidation segment, auction liquidation recognized negative revenue of $44.4 million and a segment loss of $60.8 million for the fourth quarter. This compares to $10.1 million of revenue and $2.3 million in segment income for the same period of 2018. The fourth quarter results were impacted by significant expected loss accrual related to a liquidation transaction that started in 2019 and is expected to be completed in 2020. We have estimated the total expected loss for the entire project through completion and have booked the total loss into our Q4 results.

For the year, auction liquidation segment revenues total $22.5 billion with a segment loss of $25.5 million. This compares to $55 million in revenue and $27 million in segments income for 2018. As we noted on prior calls, our auction liquidation segments results are expected to vary from quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year due to the episodic impact of these large scale retail liquidation engagements.

Next in our valuation and appraisal segments, for the quarter, revenues were $9.7 million, compared to $11.3 million for the same period of 2018. Segment income was $2.7 million, compared to $3.4 million for the same year ago period. For the year, revenues and our evaluation and appraisal segments increased slightly to $38.8 million, up from $38.7 million for 2018. Segment income totaled $10.2 million, compared to $11.1 million in the prior year. Our valuation and appraisal business continues to be one of our consistently performing businesses generating steady cash flow for us, quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year.

Next is our principal investments segment, which is primarily driven by results from United Online and magicJack, which we acquired in November of 2018. For the quarter, revenues increased $23.7 million, up from $20 million for the same period of 2018. Segment income increased to $8.8 million, compared to $5.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.

For the year, revenues increased to $100.9 million, up from $54.2 million in 2018. Segment income increased to $33.2 million, up from $19.4 million for the full-year 2018. As Bryant mentioned, we acquired a majority interest in a brand investment portfolio during the fourth quarter of 2019. Our newly added brand holdings contributed $4.1 million in revenue and $2.7 million in operating income for the fourth quarter and the full-year.

Now turning to B. Riley Financial's profitability metrics, which are attributable to the Company as a whole, net income for the fourth quarter increased to $16.9 million or $0.59 per diluted share, compared to a loss of $8.8 million or $0.34 per diluted share for the fourth quarter of 2018. For the year, net income increased $81.3 million or $2.95 per diluted share from $15.5 million or $0.58 per diluted share in the prior year.

Adjusted EBITDA increased to $15.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, compared to $11.2 million for the same year ago period. For the year, adjusted EBITDA increased to $207.9 million, compared to $89.6 million for 2018. Adjusted net income for the fourth quarter increased to $23.6 million or $0.83 per diluted share, compared to $700,000 or $0.03 per share for the same period of 2018.

For the year, adjusted net income increased to $108.3 million or $3.93 per diluted share, compared to $38.8 million or $1.45 per diluted share in the prior year. For more information about adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income and for reconciliation to the nearest GAAP measures, you can refer to the section of today's earnings release regarding the use of non-GAAP financial measures.

And now turning to some highlights of our balance sheet. As of December 31st, 2019, B. Riley Financial had a $104.3 million of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents, $23.8 million in due from clearing brokers, $409.7 million in net securities and other investments owned, $27.3 million in advances against customer contracts, $213.4 million of loans receivable, net of loans participation sold, and $792.9 million in total debt.

As of year-end, B. Riley Financial had a total cash and investor balance of $832.2 million, which includes approximately $53 million in equity investments included in prepaid and other assets. Net of the $792.9 million in total debt, we had a net cash and investment balance of roughly $39.2 million at the end of the fourth quarter. Our total B. Riley Financial stockholders' equity was $360.7 million as of December 31st, 2019. As Bryant mentioned, we purchased more than 870,000 shares and warrants under our existing share repurchase program during 2019. Shares outstanding at the end of the quarter totaled approximately $27 million.

Lastly, our Board of Directors has declared a total quarterly cash dividend of $0.35 per share on our common stock. This reflects an increase in our regular quarterly dividend to $0.25 per share, supplemented by one-time special quarterly dividend of $0.10 per share. Our common stock quarterly dividends will be paid on or about March 31st, 2020 to stockholders of record as of March 17th, 2020.

That completes our financial summary. I'll now turn the call over to our Co-CEO, Tom Kelleher to share a few specific highlights from our individual operating groups during the quarter. Tom?

Tom Kelleher -- Co-Chief Executive Officer

Thanks Phil. B. Riley FBR realized record quarterly revenues primarily driven by increased investment banking and capital markets activity. We continue to assert our leadership position in the SPAC space, and our outlook for the sector remains strong. Noteworthy highlights in the quarter include our role as capital markets advisor and the still placement agents to Trinity Merger Corp in support of its combination with Broadmark Realty, which created a $1.5 billion mortgage real estate investment trust and resulted in one of the most successful real estate back of all time.

Additionally, we served as the sole underwriter for the software acquisition group and its $150 million spec IPO. During the quarter, we also saw increased contributions from our At The Market or ATM business, as well as from our securities lending and fixed income group. In research, we continue to aggressively reposition our coverage universe to drive further value from our position as the middle market lead.

In wealth management, year-over-year revenues remain relatively flat. However, we continue to focus on cross-selling our platform and improving profitability through organic growth with our current and new advisors. Our mandate to add high quality advisors has resulted in a robust pipeline for extremely reputable financial advisors. Those are markets where we have an existing presence and in new markets where we have identified an opportunity for rapid growth.

Since last week, we were pleased to announce the addition of MJP Wealth Management Group in our Philadelphia branch, which we established just last year. Our GlassRatner Consulting Group has experienced tremendous growth since joining the B. Riley platform 18 months ago with average monthly mandates doubling in that time period. This growth is due in part to an increase in cases and relevant opportunities to collaborate and cross-sell with other B. Riley Financial divisions, as we've increased internal awareness about bankruptcy, litigation, forensic accounting, and due diligence service line. Key industries for GlassRatner continued to be healthcare, agricultural, real estate, energy and retail.

Turning to Great American Group, while our retail liquidation business experienced the challenging quarter related to a large project. The group continues to be actively engaged in multiple ongoing store closing projects, which we expect to continue in 2020. For context, on the scale of this activity, we participated in more than 3,900 store closing and liquidated nearly $3 billion in retail inventory in 2019. We continue to expand our collective capabilities to capitalize on the trends in retail whether through brand licensing, distressed real estate or other restructuring entry points.

And we expect this will remain a meaningful part of our business that the retail industry continues to adjust the current market conditions. Meanwhile, our appraisal business saw a modest decline compared to a strong fourth quarter in 2018. Our appraisal business maintains steady performance quarter-to-quarter and continues to prioritize expanding revenue sources across the automotive, energy, metals and mining and retail sectors.

Our final segment is principal investments, which primary consists of magicJack and United Online. Both businesses continued to outperform our initial investment estimates and are generating strong cash flow for our platform. However, we are actively pursuing investment and acquisition opportunities to grow this segment and continued to assist WB, B&W, FRG and other portfolio companies with the respective acquisition efforts.

Lastly, looking ahead, we intend to continue to focus on our branding and marketing to better align and leverage the external relationships of our associated company. We have been beneficiaries from the growth of our platform and increased recognition of our brand. Much of this is to the credit of our employees and our partners. We recognized that we could not have accomplished what we had without their support and dedication.

With that, we will now open the line for questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. We'll be now conducting a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Thank you. Our first question comes from the line of Wes Cummins with 272 Capital. Please proceed with your question.

Wes Cummins -- 272 Capital -- Analyst

Hi, thanks. Hey Brian, just to start I think the obvious question is the Great American Group historically has been very good, it's been about losing little or really ever losing on projects. Just kind of curious to your take as to what happens on the projects you mentioned in the quarter? And then kind of what the outlook is on larger potential projects in 2020?

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Sure, thanks. Thanks for the question. Yes. So, I will say that I'll take the bullet on this one. We've been very aggressive in our approach to liquidation, whether it was on successful ones like Bonton, when we teamed up to the bondholders to credit bid and we own the real estate. And we did things that I think were probably more expensive than we've done historically and worked out. With Barneys, we effectively won this liquidation by taking out the ABL. That was something that I haven't been done before. With that comes a lot of reward effectively after sales and liquidation, but also more risk, risk around line down, risk around obviously, liquidation analysis, add-on. This is a pretty small base of stores with a high-end customer. We put all those things together and we felt like we're creating the asset at a level that would make a lot of sense for us we make a lot of money add.

In retrospect, clearly, I think we've got all three things wrong. Recoveries were lower than we thought lower than -- we had some insight tour competitors and grow than they thought. The expenses on the wind down were higher than we expected and the Company was in low shape and some of the inventory was in more trouble shape. So, we need to acknowledge that we need to think through that and then take responsibility for it. And then at the same token, I think we have to look at the mirror and say. What brought us to the dance? Did you get to $270 million EBITDA from $80 by going -- work on projects right in the middle of the fairway and clearly the answer is no. So, we need to make sure that we're learning from our mistakes. We're thinking thoroughly about each deal, but also recognize that if your -- if part of your business model is to take advantage and we think sometimes it's the ability to take risks than calculated risks and get an outsized return, sometimes you're going to have these. This is obviously bigger than anything we would have expected.

But as I looked through the whole year, I think we've got a lot of to be proud of and mentally I think we've all -- we've accrued for it as the estimated losses, as Phil said. And the markets are all at the one-time event, but if you looked at the market for retail and liquidation and environment. And where we said, I'm really excited about that, nothing will change. I mean, we will continue to be aggressive, we'll just -- we got take a deep look at the mirror and say. Where did we go wrong? Where do we go right? And make sure we learn from it.

Wes Cummins -- 272 Capital -- Analyst

Great, appreciate that. And then just to going ahead, I think I heard this right. Did you say that in 2020, you expect at least $100 million EBITDA come from your more dedicated businesses?

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So, you know, Wes if you look at Principal Investment Group, if you look at the appraisal side of our business, GlassRatner and now our branded business, that business has been growing through acquisition, we got a couple of businesses in there that are declining, and then we have a couple there growing rapidly. So, we really try to basket some of the profits we had on the episodic side and be opportunistic buyers of asset that that we think, we're buying them cheaply whether by taking orphan company private as the case of magicJack or United Online or having a partnership with a team at Bluestar that we worked with in multiple project that we think would have and have partner with them. So, yes, I think we're -- we've got a really good base of cash flow to work off of and take some of those calculated, but hopefully more profitable risk than we did in Q4.

Wes Cummins -- 272 Capital -- Analyst

Great. And last one for me just on the capital returned to shareholders. Is it good to see that regular dividends going up again? And do you expect that to kind -- is that a signal that more of the strategy to have to be a larger regular dividend in a smaller special dividend in the future and maybe allocate that capital for acquisitions or stock buyback? Just curious on the thought.

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

No, I think, Wes look, I think, there's -- we just bought a big slug of stock which we announced in Q1, we bought 880,000 shares. We have publicly traded bonds that create the opportunity to buy them, or if we think there is a proper use capital to sell them and then we've got shareholders. And so, I think that maybe -- I think there's an opportunity -- there's some opportunities around the stocks and around other things. But for the most part, I would not -- our focus has been 20% of our EBITDA roughly, will be returning to shareholders and we just -- we moved it up because of that recurring revenue, but the whole year it was over $1.70. So, I think there is base strategic change. We feel pretty good about our balance sheet and the opportunity to take advantage of some of the disconnection in stock or in other opportunities.

Wes Cummins -- 272 Capital -- Analyst

Okay. Yes, it's been good to see the regular dividend go up so much. So thanks, appreciate it.

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Alright. Thanks, Wes.

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] Our next question from the line of Sean Haydon with THC. Please proceed with your question.

Sean Haydon -- THC -- Analyst

Hey, guys congrats on a really terrific year and fourth [Phonetic] quarter. Given that I believe and I'm sure you agree, you guys have a really nice story of growth and capital return. Have you looked to engage with any sell-side firm to kind of get the word out, because it seems like where your valuation is, the disconnect really is just people not knowing beyond kind of your research people on the street knowing the full story?

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

So, I think that's a fair question that. I was -- we did a couple of conferences a year. I guess at the end of the day, if you were to look at, I always focus and just take a step back and say look, what's happened in the last five years? I don't know the exact number, maybe Phil knows, but I think we paid $350 in dividends from that initial $5 effective IPO. So, that's $1.50 or $2 cost basis. And the stock is where it is whether -- and looking. I think what we think to ourselves is, let's focus on the business -- let's focus on being disciplined about returning capital to shareholders. We acknowledged that our story is as difficult as a variety of business has been here. And our responsibility in the way that we kind of think about making up for that complication is by being very aggressive and returning capital.

And so when we like coverage, I mean, look, we absolutely like to get some coverage and get some more sponsorship. But I think, at the end of the day, you've been around stock that are not great stories, but really high market caps and you've been around and stock to get the nose down and just really worked hard. And I usually will always want to own the ones that they keep the nose down and just work hard. And that's kind of where we are, but I appreciate the point.

Sean Haydon -- THC -- Analyst

Yes. And then I guess just the courtesy question. How does this rate cut affect the business?

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Well, the disconnects and I think credit have been a really meaningful beneficiary of whether it's in the capital or whether it's on our balance sheet. There is a world of kind of have and have not in getting credit. And to the extent that our ability to get credit at lower rates, I mean, must be some bond often was meaningfully lower than the first when we did over a percent lower. And the flow that we see that arbitrage or cost to capital put money to work at a higher rate and get significant fees. And at the same time, that's really good for us. And so we're -- we -- volatility is good. It's painful in the short-term. It's tough when market sell off 10% or 15%, but at the end of the day, starting from when we started in '97. There opportunities always have been around volatility and others that might not have been in position as we are in our operating expenses are the way of diversification now. So, I like the volatility. I think this is opportunistic for us.

Sean Haydon -- THC -- Analyst

Alright. Thanks guys, and again congrats on a great year.

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Alright, thanks a lot.

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] This concludes our question-and-answer session. And, I'd now like to turn the call back over to Mr. Riley for his closing comments.

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Great, well, thank you operator. Once a quarter, we get to thank our partners, our shareholders, everybody that works here. And obviously, we appreciate all of the support and look forward to continue deliver and look forward to talking next quarter. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Before we conclude today's call, I will provide B. Riley Financial's safe harbor statement, which includes important cautions regarding forward-looking statements made during this call. Statements made during this call about B. Riley Financial's future expectations, plans and prospects and any other statements regarding matters that are not historical facts may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Actually of 1995.

Investors should be aware that any forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed here today. These risk factors are explained in detail in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Please refer to these filings for a more detailed discussion of forward-looking statements and the risks and uncertainties of such statements.

All forward-looking statements are made as of today and except as required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether because of new information, future events or otherwise. This conference call also included a discussion of non-GAAP financial measures. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measures and information reconciling these non-GAAP financial measures to the Company's financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP are included in the earnings release.

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 29 minutes

Call participants:

Bryant Riley -- Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer

Phillip Ahn -- Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer

Tom Kelleher -- Co-Chief Executive Officer

Wes Cummins -- 272 Capital -- Analyst

Sean Haydon -- THC -- Analyst

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