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HealthEquity Inc (NASDAQ:HQY)
Q4 2020 Earnings Call
Mar 16, 2020, 4:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Welcome to HealthEquity's Fourth Quarter of Fiscal 2020 Earnings Conference Call. Please note that this event is being recorded. Please go ahead, Mr. Putnam.

Richard Putnam -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thank you, Olivia. Good afternoon, welcome to HealthEquity's fourth quarter of fiscal year-end 2020 earnings conference call. My name is Richard Putnam. I do Investor Relations here for HealthEquity. Joining me today is Jon Kessler, President and CEO; Dr. Steve Neeleman, Vice Chairman and Founder of the company; Darcy Mott, the company's Executive Vice President and CFO; and Ted Bloomberg, our Chief Operating Officer. Before I turn the call over to Jon, I have three important reminders to provide. First, a copy of today's press release posted earlier this afternoon is available for reference on our Investor Relations website at ir.healthequity.com. Second, our comments and responses to your question reflect management's view as of today, March 16th, 2020 only and will include forward-looking statements as defined by the SEC, which include predictions, expectations, estimates and other information that might be considered forward-looking. There are many important factors relating to our business, which could affect the forward-looking statements made today. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results to differ materially from statements made here today. As a result, we caution you against placing undue reliance on these forward-looking statements and we also encourage you to review the discussion of these factors and other risks that may affect our future results or market price of our stock detailed in the latest Annual Report on Form 10-K and subsequent Form 10-Qs or current reports filed with the SEC. We assume no obligation to revise or update these forward-looking statements in light of new information or future events. And third, during this call, we will reference certain non-GAAP financial measures included in our press release where you can find additional disclosures regarding these non-GAAP measures including reconciliation of these measures with comparable GAAP measures. I'll now turn the call over to our CEO, Jon Kessler. Thank you, Richard, and hello everyone and thank you for joining us on what we know is a busy and eventful day. Today, we are announcing strong results for HealthEquity's fiscal year ended January 31st, 2020 and we're providing guidance for 2021 with a focus on the strategic, operational, and financial impact on our business of the COVID-19 pandemic and of its economic fallout. After briefly touching on the results, I'll offer comments on the strategic implications of the pandemic fallout, Ted will provide an update on WageWorks integration and our operational response to the pandemic, and Darcy will lead us through details of the FY '20 results and our outlook for FY '21. Today we reported record operating results, market share gains, and fulfillment of our promise to deliver a measure of immediate accretion from the WageWorks acquisition. FY '20 revenues of $532 million are up 85% year-over-year and adjusted EBITDA of $196 million is also a record. We previously announced FY '20 sales including record organic HSA openings, a market-leading 5.3 million HSA members, $11.5 billion in HSA assets, and 12.8 million total accounts including both HSAs and complementary consumer-directed benefits or CDB participants at fiscal year-end. Earlier this month, Devenir Research published its calendar 2019 HSA market assessment quantifying HealthEquity's market share gains. HealthEquity estimates that HSAs grew 13% marketwide while HealthEquity grew HSAs 15% and that excludes those reported by Devenir in 2018 for the acquired WageWorks and 35% overall. Marketwide, Devenir estimates that HSA assets grew 23% while HealthEquity assets grew 29% [Technical Issues] and that again excludes those reported by Devenir in 2018 for the acquired WageWorks. If you to include those, it would be 49% overall. So -- that's a lot of numbers, according to Devenir, team purple delivered faster organic HSA account growth versus the market, we delivered even more faster growth in HSA assets on an organic basis, and even more added to its lead that we did with acquisition. At calendar year-end, HealthEquity had number one market share of 19% by HSAs and was a close second by HSA assets at 16%. We promised you a 10th straight year of market share gain. Devenir has been doing this report for 10 years and the team delivered that promise on an organic basis and then added significantly more with the WageWorks acquisition. From that acquisition, we also promised first year EPS accretion on a non-GAAP adjusted basis and again the team delivered. Last June, just before announcing the definitive purchase agreement, we guided FY '20 non-GAAP adjusted EPS between $1.35 and $1.42 per diluted share using our current definition of non-GAAP adjusted EPS. The acquisition was closed in August and today, as Darcy will describe, we are delivering FY '20 non-GAAP adjusted EPS of a $1.73 per share, which is 22% to 28% first year accretion versus our immediate pre-acquisition expectation. Darcy will discuss these results in a few minutes including the obligatory reconciliation to GAAP measures. We believe HealthEquity is positioned for a vigorous response to the COVID-19 pandemic and its fallout on our industry. I'd like to start with yields on custodial cash. In Q4, 23% of our revenue came from yield on custodial cash. That was down from 48% in our Q2 including cash in HSAs and CDB client health funds. Devenir reported that industrywide the comparable figure is 53% of revenue in calendar year 2019 was attributable to net interest margin. So we've become far more diverse and the main reason for this difference is our one partner total solution approach to HSAs and complementary consumer-directed benefits. The FY '21 guidance we provide today assumes the Federal Reserve Bank, which returned its benchmark rates to post 2008 crisis conditions yesterday maintains them there. The relatively modest implied impact of roughly 4% reduction in revenue from the midpoint of our prior guidance reflects the duration of fixed rate deposit agreements in our custodial cash program. As we've said many times, the program prioritizes relative stability over maximum return and from our perspective that prioritization is now paying off. Reduction in interest expense on HealthEquity's outstanding indebtedness significantly offset lower custodial revenue as Darcy will discuss. What happens over time though if these conditions persist? For HealthEquity, data from well over a decade of custodial operation provide a sense of how yields on our custodial cash program change with interest rates banks offer typical customers on time deposits. HealthEquity has typically earned on HSA cash of 75 basis point to more than 125 basis point premium to average three year to five year jumbo CDs, three years to five years being the target duration for HSA cash under our custodial policy. This premium exists not by accident, but because our depository partnerships are not average. HealthEquity provides high visibility to future deposits and flexibility on duration needs and carries all of the non-interest expense of attracting, retaining, and managing HSA members while our depository partners are those that are best able to make use of that visibility and flexibility from among well capitalized federally insured institutions. In fact, the company's lowest custodial cash yield for any fiscal year 1.52% occurred during FY '15. National average jumbo CD rates were at or near their crisis year lows during FY '15 with three year CDs averaging 0.51% and five year CDs averaging 0.80%. By contrast, HealthEquity yields on HSA cash have not maintained a consistent relationship to the gyrations of treasury yields over our history. Of course, the future doesn't always look like the past, but HealthEquity's experience during the last crisis as well as its lower exposure to rates versus competitors and versus its history should serve us well. Today's guidance also reflects a commitment to continue the integration process discussed over the last two quarters and to do so at full speed. We expect more growth opportunities as competitors with variable rate exposure with incomplete solutions or with outsourced platforms or insufficient scale find it more difficult to compete under these conditions. We expect greater attention to the proven cost savings to both employers and consumers from HSAs and complementary CDBs. Some portions of our solutions such as COBRA and commuter administration may see either increased or decreased utilization in the short-term, but in any event, we see this as an opportunity for long-term growth. Ted is going to walk through where we are in integration along with our efforts to deliver purple to our members, clients, partners and to each other during the pandemic. Ted?

Ted Bloomberg -- Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

Thank you, John. Before discussing the progress on integration, I want to thank those responsible. Team purple has been nothing short of extraordinary providing remarkable service to our members, clients, and partners while embracing our integration goals all in very challenging times. Q4 is of course our busy season and this was the most successful one in recent memory. We couldn't be more pleased with how our team members wrapped their arms around our partners. clients. and members by meeting all critical service levels. We are especially delighted to report that we met or exceeded service levels on the legacy WageWorks platforms that had not been achieved in years all while delivering customer satisfaction scores significantly higher than last year. These successes were made possible in large part by the service case project I discussed last earnings call and the incredible commitment that our team members have demonstrated. We can't wait to see what the team is capable of as we make service delivery even more efficient and effective going forward.

The WageWorks integration remains on track. As of fiscal year-end, we have achieved approximately $30 million of permanent run rate cost and revenue synergies, up from $15 million at the end of Q3 and we are on track to meet our $50 million commitment this fiscal year, one year ahead of schedule. Our investments to deliver a total solution on a unified platform also remain on track. As of fiscal '20 year-end, we had spent $32 million on these investments with another planned $60 million in fiscal year '21. We will sunset five legacy platforms this fiscal year, one of which is already complete. We consider a platform to be sunset when there are no members actively served on the platform and all run out services for members have been completed. Just this week, we will deploy the first phase of our unified experience as our first HSA asset migrations are completed. We are on track to complete the onshoring around the clock member service in Q2 of this year. We appreciate the understanding and patience the bulk of our clients, partners, and members are showing as we make these changes. They understand that they are getting an upgrade as well as a step closer to the total solution they want.

I won't repeat a lot of what Bill said last month about our sales, marketing, and relationship management teams, nut let me simply reiterate that our pipeline is strong, our cross-sell efforts are delivering real impact, and we have been able to use the integration as an opportunity to reactivate and strengthen distribution relationships. Of course, every client, partner, and prospect is prioritizing their response to the COVID-19 pandemic that will likely slow some decisions. The economic fallout may, as John suggested, ultimately create new opportunities or accelerate existing ones. The team is committed to deliver on its integration, service, and sales goals even as we join many others in good citizenship to slow the spread of COVID-19. Per our business continuity plan, HealthEquity has transitioned to a work from home posture with offices opened for critical physical functions such as mail processing only. Team members are equipped to work at home for an extended period. We are monitoring critical service partners as they implement their business continuity plans. We have also taken steps to provide greater financial security to team members extending paid time off for those who may need it, paying for broadband, and other work at home costs and expanding our helping hands program for anyone in extraordinary need. We have asked members, clients, and partners for patience, but more importantly for feedback on where we can improve as we all adjust to these circumstances.

In closing, we are confident the measures and progress I just described will help us achieve additional synergies and improvements to enhance our purple service and drive margin increases and we are working hard to realize them in this fiscal year to help offset the revenue decline that Jon discussed. However, our first priority is to maintain our service levels and be where our clients and partners need us to be. I will now turn the call over to Darcy to review the financials and new guidance.

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Ted. I will review our fourth quarter GAAP and non-GAAP financial results. A reconciliation of our GAAP measures to the non-GAAP measures is found in today's press release. Our fiscal fourth quarter financial results include the operations of WageWorks which was acquired on August 30th. The WageWorks acquisition diversifies our revenue growth opportunity, reducing the overall impact of interest rates and rate variability on total revenue. In Q4 revenue grew overall and organically in each of our three categories. Service revenue grew to $122.2 million, rising from 30% of revenue in the pre-WageWorks second quarter to 61% in the fourth quarter. This is primarily attributable to the increase in CDBs to 7.5 [Phonetic] million along with the 5.3 [Phonetic] million HSAs that we now administer including those that came from the acquisition of WageWorks. Custodial revenue of $49.4 million in the fourth quarter increased 39% year-over-year attributable to growth in HSA assets and a higher year-over-year annualized interest rate yield of 2.41% on HSA assets custodied by HealthEquity during the quarter.

Custodial share of total revenue declined to 25% from 50% in Q2. As Jon mentioned, 23% was attributable to custodial cash assets. Going forward, we have multiple paths to grow custodial revenue continuing to grow balances, transitioning all accounts to HealthEquity custody, a process which as Ted mentioned is already under way, and growing revenues from client health funds. The HSA asset table of today's press release includes additional detail to help you assess these opportunities. Interchange revenue grew 104% in the fourth quarter to $29.7 million driven by the increase in average total accounts. Our large base of total accounts offers multiple opportunities to grow interchange revenue going forward, including more favorable interchange shares with partners.

Gross profit grew $113.7 million compared to $44.4 million [Phonetic] in the prior year. Gross margin was 57% including the change in revenue mix resulting from the WageWorks acquisition. Operating expenses were $99.1 million or 49% of revenue, including amortization of acquired intangible assets and merger integration expenses, which together represented 15% of revenue. Income from operations was $14.5 million. We had a net loss for the fourth quarter of $200,000 or breakeven on a GAAP EPS basis. Our non-GAAP net income was $28 million compared to $19 million, a 47% increase. Non-GAAP net income per share grew to $0.39 compared to $0.30 per share last year. Adjusted EBITDA for this quarter increased 125% to $61.3 million and adjusted EBITDA margin was 30%. For the full fiscal year revenue was $532 million resulting in gross profit of $325.9 million or a gross profit margin of 61%. Income from operations was $77 million and adjusted EBITDA was $196.5 million. Turning to the balance sheet. As of January 31, 2020, we had $192 million of cash and cash equivalents with $1.22 billion of Term A debt outstanding and no outstanding amounts drawn on our line of credit.

Turning to guidance for fiscal year 2021. Based on where we ended fiscal 2020 and the economic environment now expected for fiscal year 2021, we expect HealthEquity will generate revenue for fiscal 2021 in a range between $770 million and $790 million. We expect our non-GAAP net income to be between $124 million and $132 million resulting in non-GAAP diluted net income per share between $1.70 and $1.81 per share. We expect HealthEquity's adjusted EBITDA to be between $245 million and $255 million for fiscal 2021.

Relative to our initial revenue guidance of $812 million to $820 million, today's guidance incorporates a reduction of approximately $30 million to $40 million in expected revenues in FY '21, which is due to the deterioration of interest rate conditions and other uncertainties. We have replaced the depository contracts that expired last year and have placed new deposits for this year in fixed rate depository agreements. We do have a modest percentage of funds exposed to variable rates and current conditions leave us cautious with respect to yields on cash placements we will make throughout the year in connection with the transition of legacy WageWorks' HSA assets to the HealthEquity platform.

Under present conditions, we expect the average yield on HealthEquity custodied HSA cash overall to decline in FY '21 compared to our prior guidance. Given the current rate environment, we now expect the yield on the HSA cash assets on the HealthEquity platform to be approximately 2.2% during FY '21. This reduction from our prior guide of 2.4% accounts for approximately $15 million of the revenue reduction. An additional $15 million reduction is a result of lower yields on client health funds, lower revenue anticipated from WageWorks HSA cash and lower HSA invested balances due to declines in asset value.

However, the lower rate environment is also expected to reduce the amount of interest that we will pay on our outstanding debt. As we've discussed in previous earnings calls, our variable rate debt is a natural hedge to rates on cash -- custodial cash assets. Assuming rates remain at current levels, we expect to pay approximately $20 million less in debt interest in FY '21 versus our prior assumptions.

Today's guidance includes the effect of approximately $30 million of achieved run rate synergies Ted discussed, which will be fully realized in FY '21. Our non-GAAP diluted net income per share estimate is based on an estimated diluted weighted average shares outstanding of approximately 73 million shares for the year. The outlook for fiscal 2021 assumes a projected statutory income tax rate of approximately 25%.

In connection with the assumed statutory tax rate, you will note that at the request of a number of our sell-side analysts that cover HealthEquity and in an effort to simplify modeling of our projected tax rate, we have revised the method for reconciling net income, net income to non-GAAP net income and GAAP net income per share to non-GAAP net income per share. We have provided two reconciling tables in the press release, the first showing a reconciliation under the methods that we have used throughout this year and the second table that provides a reconciliation under the new prospective method.

As Ted mentioned, we continue to focus on margins and the realization of synergies from our combined operations. We are off to a good start for achieving the outline synergies that Ted discussed earlier. Some of these synergies will be additive to both the top and bottom line for fiscal 2021 and beyond.

As we have done in recent reporting periods, our full year guidance includes a detailed reconciliation of GAAP to the non-GAAP metrics provided in the earnings release and the definition of all such items is included at the end of the earnings release. In addition, while the amortization of acquired intangible assets is being excluded from non-GAAP net income, the revenue generated from those acquired intangible assets is not excluded.

With that, I'll turn the call back to Jon for some closing remarks.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks Darcy. So I guess I get a whole minute or two to be human here. I think our investors and public market participants generally might wonder how ready the team at every one of their portfolio companies is to meet the challenges that we all are facing now and certainly the opportunities that we have here at HealthEquity. And I stumbled on one data point that might be useful.

Last -- one evening last week as many of our team members were assembling their workstations and work from home setups and taking their test calls, one of our permanent work at home member services specialists sent something out over our internal IM and I wanted to read it here. Dear office refugees, us homies just want you to know that we are 100% here for you. We sort of specialize in all, and she put the all in sarcastic quotation marks, that comes with being remote. So if you're feeling the need, hop on over to homey chat any time of day or night. You'll find remote experienced peers who are level experts and excited for the chance to help make things good as gravy. And then she signs that hashtag one partner. This little message went, if you'll pardon that terrible pun, viral with inside HealthEquity under the subject line -- under the following subject line which I think says it all. With teammates like this, we can't fail. And with that, let's open the call up to questions. Or maybe we won't open it up to questions. Only if the operator comes back.

Richard Putnam -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Olivia?

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] And our first question coming from the line of Anne Samuel with JP Morgan. Your line is open.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Anne.

Anne E. Samuel -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

Hi guys. Thanks for taking the question. Despite the lower revenue guidance, your EPS guidance was still really good for the year. And I was hoping maybe you could talk about where some of the incremental savings are coming from and maybe what you're seeing in terms of shift from the synergies maybe out of revenue into expenses.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure. Darcy, you want to begin speaking of that and we can -- Ted or I can add?

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Sure. So in the environment we've kind of gone through everything within our operating plan and we've tried to be understanding as we said that the revenue impact is approximately 4% of our total revenue as it was before. And not that it doesn't have an impact, but we have also taken a look at all of the things where we can actually make a difference. We don't control what the interest rate environment does, but we can respond to it and so, collectively as an organization we've gone through every one of our anticipated efficiencies and synergies that we previously we had been working on. So we already had a method in place to evaluate that and we've taken a really good hard look at that and we think that we've made a commitment about how we could achieve some of that because we are very committed to looking at not only our top line, but also our bottom line. And with that maybe Ted or Jon can add some specifics about how we thought about this, but we do believe that overall throughout the entire organization that there are efficiencies to be derived.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, Ted, anything to say and then I'll finish up.

Ted Bloomberg -- Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

Sure, just that I would support Darcy's perspective. We have been planning efficiency management, cost management since the day we announced this acquisition and so the good news is that we've been thinking about it really hard and that allowed us to be ready when we needed to get as aggressive as possible within reason and balance being -- managing cost as efficiently as possible, continuing to provide purple service. Our team has done an unbelievable job managing these integrations while finding efficiencies and delivering on those and so I don't think that there is any special sauce other than being ready and having have thought about it, you know, it wasn't like the first time we thought about expense management was when the fed cut rates the first time, we've been thinking about it for quite some time.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

And I think the last part of your question was about, really about the mix between revenue and expense within our synergy number. As you know we're anxious for the point where we can stop talking about synergies and just talk about increasing efficiency. Nonetheless, since it's the way things are, we laid out a $50 million synergy target originally to be achieved at the end of FY '22, accelerated that to the end of FY '21 and as you will recall, about $27 million of that was revenue and $23 million was expense. We are sticking with that $50 million number. Some of that revenue component probably comes down, but we will make it up on the expense side and much of that revenue will be just fine. As Ted said earlier, we're much happier getting paid for something then that we're doing ourselves than paying a third party to do it for us. So there is some real savings there on the revenue side that will hang on just fine. So there'll be some modest shift in that number, but it won't be terribly large.

Anne E. Samuel -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

That's very helpful, thanks. And then maybe just a follow-up, you talked about some of the moving pieces of the yield that's driving some stability there, but assuming interest rates hold, is there a rule of thumb that we can think about in terms of what the out years would look like or the impact of how the current change in yields would flow through?

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, I tried to give some guidance on this topic in my opening remarks and let me unpack it a little bit here and again recognizing obviously we're not providing out year guidance and all that kind of thing, but if you look at -- we do have the luxury of having been specifically in our business in custodial operation for I don't know 15 years now and if you look at the data over our history, a couple of things become very clear, one which I mentioned earlier, which is our yields do not -- by design, do not follow the gyrations of global fixed income markets, which are influenced by all kinds of things positively or negatively around global trade, currency et cetera and we never designed the program to do that and it doesn't. What they are highly correlated to as you might expect, is the interest rates that banks pay on comparable duration, large, which you can [Indecipherable] $3,000 but nonetheless what are referred to as jumbo CDs and if you look out over time, what's tended to happen is that we have generated a premium to those of, as I said in the remarks between 75 basis points and 125 basis points. If you look at the underlying behavior of the rates, which I think is key to answering your question right, obviously, there is a correlation. These rates will drift down relative to where they were a month ago or are today, but they will likely drift down somewhat slowly because they always do because in part that is the rates that banks are charging because there are a lot of factors at play and banks continue to need money and so forth. And so, I guess our basic view Is that a couple of useful guide points are what -- as we said in the discussion where rates have been, where rates have been at the bottom of the last crisis and in general where our premium has been to what banks are paying their more typical customers and there's nothing we've seen in the past few weeks or frankly past few days that would lead us to a different conclusion than that.

Anne E. Samuel -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

Very helpful. Thanks for the color, guys.

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Sure.

Operator

Next question coming from the line of Greg Peters from Raymond James, your line is now open.

Greg Peters -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Good afternoon, in your comments you said $20 million of lower debt expense. I'm assuming that's in your EPS guidance. Can you talk about your free cash flow for this year and remember, Jon, you previously said or suggested that you were going to use free cash flow to pay down debt. So can you give us an update on the debt situation please.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, Darcy you want to take this one and I'll chime in.

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yeah. So we expect to generate cash from operations. We have a few expenditures that we haven't had in the past. One has been interest expense, which has [Phonetic] been incorporated into our our modeling and additionally as we're making the transition of HSA assets from both the Mellon platform and the Webster platform, there will be some cash payments made to facilitate that going on and those have been incorporated into our cash flow, but we feel pretty good about our cash levels that we will maintain throughout the year and we will evaluate as our cash balances grow about paying off debt earlier in light of the current environment. We are -- the interest benefit that we get from lower interest rates on the debt helps cash flow by that $20 million and so we're very pleased with that also.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, I mean just to be clear there, Greg, I think part of the gist of your question was, is the $20 million rate driven or is it based on repayment? The answer is it's entirely rate driven. At some level, it was I guess I'd call it a happy accident. Darcy might call it brilliant planning, but there is a bit of a natural correlation there or hedge between our variable rate exposure on the cash that we manage and of the borrowings of our own corporate money. So it's not an accident that again looking at it from an EPS perspective or certainly a free cash flow perspective, that that $20 million significantly offsets the $30 million that Darcy talked about on the other side of this. As to your question about repayment what and generally the situation of our debt. We've gone through and modeled out not only this year, but our thoughts with regard to the subsequent years and at this point, what we expect is that the cash -- absent -- let me put it this way, as Darcy said a moment ago, absent an early repayment, our cash position at the end of the year would be more or less the same place it is now, perhaps little [Phonetic] better and that it would grow in subsequent years. So we don't really see a circumstance where -- well, I guess I'd put it this way, so that does raise the question since we do have excess cash of whether we should take this opportunity to repay debt, it would be a little bit of a contrary move to what we see other people doing right now, obviously, but it's something we'll talk with our Board about and we'll think about and if it makes sense, we'll do it, but whether we do so or not, I think the bottom line you should take from this is that that there is -- that we feel pretty good about where we are from the perspective of our debt [Phonetic].

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, I would add one other piece of that that would probably be a later question anyway. So I may as well answer it right now. In the current rate environment, we do believe that there will be opportunities for additional portfolio acquisitions. As rates generally go down then, those portfolios become a little bit more attractive in the marketplace. And so we want to still maintain the flexibility to be able to purchase those portfolios as they become available.

Greg Peters -- Raymond James -- Analyst

That was great you nailed a couple of answers with my question. So my...

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

It was a four-part answer instead of a four-part question, please.

Greg Peters -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Yeah. I want more of those, please. So my second question or my follow-up, I should say, so I'm curious about how the C19 virus has affected call center volume in the last couple of weeks. And I'm also curious about how you think it might affect the RFP and sales process this year as we think about results for year-end fiscal ' 21.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Ted, why don't you take this one?

Ted Bloomberg -- Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

Sure. So I will endeavor to give you a multi-part answer to that question. First, let me start with the member services organization. First off, just a huge thank you to our -- both our member services leadership and our IT leadership. We have well over 80% of our team members working from home today, today being the first day of the work from home experience, which is just with no degradation in service. We met service levels on all critical platforms, give or take in a day, which is great to see in that first day. We haven't seen an appreciable volume spike maybe a little bit in the COBRA arena. But I don't think anything quite yet COVID related although we'll certainly keep an eye on that and report back. But our most important concern operationally, we're just making sure we can continue to answer all the phone calls we get every day, both ourselves and our outsourced partners and everyone has answered the bell thus far today, It was a great service day in that regard.

As it pertains to the RFP and sales process, we've been, as you would expect, monitoring this very closely. We keep tracking sales force kind of down to the meeting. Did the meeting get rescheduled, did the meeting got postponed, did the meeting get canceled, did the meeting go from face to face to virtual. And by far the -- most of the sales meetings that we have scheduled are not getting postponed or canceled. They're getting rescheduled to virtual. And -- so we consider that to be a positive sign. That doesn't mean we expect that no one will delay these meetings or delay their decisions. I think everyone's trying to grapple with how COVID impacts them, But thus far, the vast majority of any changes that Bill and his sales team have seen have just been to go from -- going face to face to virtual which is what we hope to see.

Greg Peters -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Thank you. Thanks, Greg.

Operator

Our next question coming from the line of Jamie Stockton with Wells Fargo. Your line is open.

Jamie Stockton -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Yeah, thanks for taking my questions. I guess maybe the first one, just I think Darcy you kind of held out two buckets of headwind for revenue, one from yield on the cash that you're cutting [Phonetic] and the other $15 million on client held funds. Is that second bucket hitting the services line from a revenue standpoint, instead of custodial?

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

No. So what I would characterize the second bucket, the first one being kind of the legacy HealthEquity cash yields, the second one is kind of variable rates for both client held funds and the understanding that as we place new money from the transition from the wage [Phonetic] cash as it comes in, that those will be just at lower rates than what we previously anticipated. But what we did do and we anticipated this, we've been in contact with several of our depositories over the past few weeks. We've been in contact with our banking partners etc. And we expected that the rate action would ultimately be taken whether they took it yesterday or they were going to take it on the 18th. It's what we expected to happen, and so as we've talked to people about what we expect those rates to be that's what we've included into our forecast for yields and for custodial revenue. So we anticipated taking the fed rate would go to a zero balance, which has an impact on the labor rates that that have some variability in our contracts and so those we anticipated going to the zero bound and that they would remain there for the remainder of this year. And so we've incorporated that into the model.

Jamie Stockton -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Okay. And then maybe economic environment looks pretty choppy. Can you just talk about the trade-off here of potentially higher unemployment as a headwind for the number of active accounts and maybe an increase in demand for COBRA services? How do you think about that?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, I think that first sentence was probably the understatement of the week. That looks a little choppy. Look, we're fortunate, I guess in this regard and that we have the benefit not only of the experience of HealthEquity but also can reach back into the experience of WageWorks all the way back to its founding in 2000. And in case we take from that. In general, the business -- first one point, in general, the business is less cyclical than people think in both directions. And I think we've seen that, certainly on the upside in recent years, but importantly also in the other direction. That is to say, I think it's pretty steady. There are some things that do happen in down environments that are helpful to the business and it's kind of funny because the original investment that was made in WageWorks was made roughly the day of the market peak in March of 2000. So you can imagine that the investors were asking do you regret this etc. over the next couple of weeks and months, and their answer was no we think this is going to be something that's a survivor and a fighter in this environment and it was. And the reason for that is as follows.

First, actually something you didn't mention, which is in general, I mean these environments, people are more concerned about the cents and the dollars and we offer solutions that help employers and employees save money and at some level it's that simple. And that's something that -- that message resonates in this kind of environment.

Second, as you mentioned -- as you did mention there is the element of COBRA where you will see increased activity in all likelihood over the course of the coming months and we get some benefit from that because COBRA is priced in part based on the actual activity that is acceptance of COBRA. And as I mentioned in an earlier call, this also kind of really -- what's happened is really gotten us to think hard about everything that we can do for our members who are in that situation so that we can really serve them well whether it's by offering COBRA or by directing them to other alternatives.

So I think the short answer is that I think the business is mildly counter cyclical, I don't want to overstate that. But I think in general, there is that element to it. The thing that really does offset that I think more so than the lack of employment therefore lack of accounts is just the rate at discussion. We've been having the fact that you don't get obviously market increases that can help you out. And one sort of a factor that I don't know how it will turn out in this instance, and in the 2008 period there was a fairly dramatic increase in saving behavior and that was helpful to the business. Whether we will see a similar increase in this time around, I don't know. Obviously the crisis is much more related to something health than a financial thing and all that. So, who knows, but that's another variable that's out there. So that's again a long way of saying, sorry for the long answer, but that we think that there is a mild counter-cyclicality of the business that I don't want to overstate, but it's definitely there.

Jamie Stockton -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Richard Putnam -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, Jamie.

Operator

Our next question coming from the line of Robert Jones with Goldman Sachs. Your line is open.

Robert P. Jones -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Great. Thanks for the questions. I guess maybe just to pick up there around just the economic pullback and thinking if there's risk or precedence. You started touching on this a little bit just to the cash levels that are kept in HSAs, any any historical reference on those being drawn down more rapidly than a typical period. And then I guess just thinking about new HSAs, any precedent from more challenging economic periods about just levels of of money and savings that people are willing to put into HSA is that you would reference?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, I mean, I guess I would -- It's hard because you don't have the counter factual, right, but all you have is the data but in the aftermath of the 2008 crisis and certainly as it kind of seeped in that this was going to be around a while, what you saw more generally in the economy obviously was increased savings rates and that translated into what were perceived to be increased deposit rates into the HSAs. It's interesting that the drawdowns really do not appear to have much, if any, correlation to broader economic activity with the important exception that obviously when people leave their job, if they are not on any HSA qualified plan, many will draw those funds down, that kind of thing, but in general, the behavior you might expect and I think this is echoed in other areas of retirement, which would be to see massive drawdowns at this point and I think people are willing to take a pause on that and instead try to manage their expenses elsewhere rather than to drawdown funds that are there for their healthcare or what have you, but that's been our experience. Obviously, as I say, we don't have the counter factuals. So it's not perfect, but in general, we don't see that one as a material risk in the short to medium-term.

Robert P. Jones -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

No, that's fair and then I guess maybe just a follow up on the commuter benefit. I know it's not a huge piece of the overall pie, but was there any risk. Is there any risk around just reimbursement as in fact many employees are in fact not commuting and then thinking forward, is there any precedent or risk that you've seen for folks may be not utilizing the commuter benefit as much given an economic pullback like we're seeing?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, we have thought about this one and there is some and that's a little bit reflected in the caution of our guidance that is, you know, there are some upsides maybe around COBRA, this could be a downside. I think the issues that we are concerned with here are the more practical ones and serving our customers well. So, we mail out a lot of trans passes every month as well as load cards and so forth and it's fair to say that I think for the month of April and into May, transit agencies around the country are evaluating what their posture is going to be about people who want refunds for their monthly passes or that kind of thing and it's our job as the most connected entities [Phonetic] of those agencies to be able to explain those policies where people ask us get into the right place if we need to get them somewhere else and to make that happen. So at some level, some of those answers boil down to what the public agencies that are for the most part on transit side are willing to do, but I expect that they'll figure it out and we'll be there to from our perspective to make sure that our members get to the right place, but I think it's fair to say that in the short-term, there is something there. Do I think that people coming into Manhattan are permanently going to stop taking transit, I doubt it. It's possible. If they do, they may have to park and I'm not sure where they're going to park but they would be using our benefit there too. So I feel like in the long-term, this is an excellent benefit and it will be fine, but yes, it's certainly possible there'll be some short-term blip there.

Robert P. Jones -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Great, thanks so much.

Operator

Our next question coming from the line of George Hill with Deutsche Bank, your line is open.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hey, George.

George Hill -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Hey, good afternoon, guys and thanks for taking the question. I'll say it first, I'm still trying to wrap my head around the -- it's a little bit choppy economically out there [Speech Overlap] hard time about that later. I guess just --

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

You know, Wells is a lot less fee dependent. There [Phonetic] is fee use than other banks as we all read this morning in the Wall Street Journal, so that's sitting pretty. [Speech Overlap].

George Hill -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

[Speech Overlap] No, I'm not touching that one. So Jon you said something to the effect of this weekend wasn't the first time that you guys thought about the interest rate environment when you saw the Fed's comments and I guess my question is, it's more of an anecdotal question like what can you do as you start thinking about what are going to be dramatic changes in the rate environment, I guess when do you start to put the plans into place, but I guess like the quantitative question I would ask is, could you talk about with the duration of your rig contracts are right now and kind of how should we think about the timing of the visibility that you guys have. Like you've talked about spread, you talked about thinking jumbo CD rates. Kind of like, can you talk a little bit about the laddering of the rates contracts and stuff like that. Just how do we think about the visibility there?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, so our rate contracts are laddered to a maximum of five years with a target, average duration of between three years and five years and as we've said in the past, we tend to be in terms of average duration closer to the three years than the five years, but with the longest operations at this point in the year because we will have just struck these in the last few months for new cash and the like. So that kind of gives you a feel for how this sort of spools out over time, consistent with Darcy's comments. I think to your earlier question, we first of all, I want to say, this is something we always want to have some level of contingency for recognizing that our actual job is to run the business as efficiently as possible recognizing that there are factors we don't control and so we should try and run the business in such a way that we don't try and run around adapting to them when when it doesn't make sense. So we actually in this regard -- I want to say as we got into late -- certainly into mid-to-late February, oddly enough around the time of our initial guidance on the revenue side, this was definitely something we began thinking about. We admittedly, I think -- we're not economic forecasters as you know, George, but we I think internally had the view that it was possible that this would be worse than it appeared to be just looking at what the pictures were showing about economic activity in other countries that have been affected and the tendency of our Federal Reserve and so forth to jump in and try and save the day. So we've been thinking about that over the last number of weeks and as Ted said, kind of said -- OK, what does that imply about the -- for lack of a better term the IRR on any investment we are making and if the answer is that it made a change, then we made a change and I think that's how you want us to handle it rather than imagining oh you know there is some cost thing we would have gotten otherwise that we're not getting now. So or that -- it's the other way round, there were some cost savings we were just sort of hanging around with and so the effect of that is fairly modest, I mean obviously most of what we're saying is there is going to be a rate reduction and that will affect the top line and it will have a little more modest effect on the bottom line, but most of it does flow through. I guess I'd say one other thing, which we haven't said thus far and that is one thing that isn't clear is how, how quickly others in our industry and so forth will respond to this in terms of the rates they pay the members. We, as I think you know George, we define how we approach that issue in our custodial agreement with members. It is a formula, it's based on what's going on in the competitive market so that we don't employ any discretion in that area, but it will affect the end result. We have conservatively I think assumed for these purposes that there is no change in what we pay our members and so forth whether that turns out to be the actual outcome is debatable but that seemed like an appropriate conservative assumption since we have no control over it.

George Hill -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

That's super helpful. I guess if I can have a quick follow-up. As we think about the competitive environment and the sales environment, I guess how long it sounds like you're not seeing necessarily an impact in selling but one would think that churn is probably going to go down. I guess how do you think about how long this kind of crisis drags on, like when do things need to start to share signs for here improvement for you guys to continue to have the ability to take market share.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

I guess I can join the thousands of other corporate executives who said, I'm not an epidemiologist because I'm not. Sorry, I was just trying to add a little levity there as I usually do, but I think what the answer to that question in both directions and I want to be clear that I think what Ted was trying to say is, of course, there will be some impact on sales. That will be true for every company. Just people will kind of be frozen in place to some extent, but we have been heartened by the fact that HR is one of those functions that can work virtually and how quickly our customers and prospects have transitioned to working in a virtual environment and focused our energy on both for our sales teams and to your point about churn our account executive teams and our client service teams getting -- those are the first people we wanted to get trained up on exactly how they would conduct themselves in a remote context, I mean, not just trained up on how the software works, but again how to look your most professional in that environment. And -- I mean I was in a finalist meeting at the end of last week while I was trying to rescue college refugees from Boston and they're so broken up about their school be canceled by the way. It's just -- they are just crying, it's terrible. But that's also sarcastic as I'm sure anyone with college and the kids [Phonetic] knows. But in any event -- at some level it's a different version of how you use your time and how you present your best, but it may be the case that sales executives can be just as a little more efficient in this environment than they are in the normal way of selling. It's just different, and those who adapt to it well will be well and we are going to try and adapt to it well.

George Hill -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Okay. I appreciate the color. Thank you.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure.

Richard Putnam -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, George.

Operator

And our next question coming from the line of Donald Hooker with KeyBanc. Your line is open.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hey, Don.

Donald Hooker -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Great. Good afternoon. I think a conference call or two ago, you had referenced that there might be some intentional churn in your business, i.e. you might consider walking away from some unprofitable contracts with WageWorks were a couple of quarters in as you've gone. Have you pruned off anything in your -- when you think about your revenue guidance? That's what I was wondering in your revenue guide and does -- is there any kind of pruning of some unprofitable businesses as well, or what can you say about that?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Nothing has changed in that regard from our prior revenue guide. I mean I think actually Ted can provide some good color on how we've approached this in different situations, because we have identified cases where we have unprofitable business and we're trying to do something about that. So, Ted, do you want to speak to some of that a little bit?

Ted Bloomberg -- Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

Sure. I think the headline is it is not yet a material revenue number where we are having these types of conversations, but nonetheless we are having them and they are -- basically, what we're doing is kind of a full throttle contract review whereas contracts come up we are taking the opportunity to ensure they are fair for both sides. And what we're finding is that where perhaps legacy Wage bit off more than they could chew is really around sort of providing certain services and certain customizations, which were probably unnecessary and in any event unprofitable. And we're just having candid dialogs both with partners and with actual employers about whether or not we can continue to do those things and if so, if they really need them, would they be amenable to a price increase to support them. And those conversations, while modest in number, are going reasonably well because we're just being kind of candid and forthright about how we see the world and the fact that we want to stay partners with folks, but that we won't be able to do it under the terms of the agreement and we've achieved some successes in renegotiating some of those deals. But I mean, we're not talking a material revenue move relative to the size of the overall business. It's just kind of -- it's really more of good hygiene and we have to continue to do it.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

I mean I will take, Don, I think part of maybe where your question is going is to understand year-over-year growth, that kind of thing. We did both in acquiring the company, in our initial guidance after we acquired it and then certainly in our most recent guidance we did assume some level of incremental attrition in the current year, whether as a result of pruning or of just stuff happened for the moment, let's put that aside and we've, I think, done pretty well thus far as we reported, with the sales numbers, but but that is part of our thinking.

Donald Hooker -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

And maybe one follow-up on the renewal cycles. In your guidance, how much is sort of -- I think last call you were happy with some renewals that you had achieved.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes.

Donald Hooker -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

It sounds like these are like an ebb and flow -- I assume ebb and flow, year-to-year renewals. I don't know if one year is tougher than another. Like last year, you get a bunch of them intuiting [Phonetic] here. Is there anything to think about in this upcoming year or that you're watching in terms of renewal cycle? Thank you. And that's all I have. Thank you.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, I'll give a partial answer and then Ted, if you'd like to add to it or Steve -- Steve participates in these two and he is available with us. We were happy because we had a lot of, what's the word, guinea pigs going through that python or whatever it is, last year of renewals and we were very happy about the result of the renewal process even we didn't win them all. But particularly as the year went on we won a lot of them and we felt real good about that.

So I think as the merry-go-round goes around again, it's probably the case this year to an earlier question that there will be a little less work done on this and that will help us on the renewal side and we will certainly try to have it help us on the renewal side. But, Ted, anything to really add to that?

Ted Bloomberg -- Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

Yeah, I would just make two points. The first one is, it's a little early in the cycle, but we are monitoring very closely all of the RFPs that come in both from prospects and also from existing clients. And I think thus far, the ratio is reasonably favorable, but it's early. And second we understand that the bigger we get, the more territory we have to defend. And out of every 100 RFPs in the industry, last year, maybe 17 of them were our clients and this year 19 would be or whatever the market share would dictate. And so we're allocating more resources to our enterprise clients precisely for that reason. We've doubled the size of our account executive team year-over-year to make sure that we build deep and mutually beneficial relationships with these clients to try to head RFPs off at the past or at least be ready to respond to them. But it is something that we watch very carefully and thus -- it's a little early to tell, but thus far, we feel like we're on top of it, meaning there is no surprise RFPs or we found out after the client was gone that they took winter RFP. We feel like we have a pretty good handle on and where we said and so far so good, but it's early.

Donald Hooker -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

One other point here is every, especially as we get really accustomed to and as everyone understands the total solution we have to offer, I mean, at some level almost every RFP is an opportunity for business expansion and we talked about -- Bill talked about in February's call some of what's going on there. And so if you are a, let's say, a commuter and FSA client now, the farther we get down the road of total solution one team, one company, one partner, one platform, the easier it is for us to offer you incremental services and to light those up in a way that a few of our competitors can do one, two or three or whatever but no one can do them at the scale that we can. And so I guess that's just the way of saying we also -- I think that Steve Lindsey and the team and Mary Lynn Yakel and team and the managers are strategic relationships with our larger employers. In particular as Larry focused on taking every one of these as an opportunity to increase the number of services we offer, which again in a frugal environment may really help us out. We can -- I mean they really are genuinely scale advantages there that we can take advantage of and in part pass on to our clients.

Donald Hooker -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thank you.

Steve Lindsay -- Senior Vice President of Relationship Management

Don, this is Steve. Just to add one comment. I am maybe the only person in America that actually had a business meeting today. [Indecipherable] one of our health line partners was really here in Utah. They can offer a ski trip and all the ski resorts are closed. And so they asked if we wanted to have lunch with them. So that's exactly what they said that we were talking about what they're looking for and they said look, we want to extend our partnership with you. What do you know about individual coverage HRAs. I see HRAs [Indecipherable] as people say and had a nice discussion about it. So I think what I'm thrilled about is I am out with our partners is that we can say yes so much more often and not just yes, we can do it, but yes, we do it in scale, which is pretty exciting.

Donald Hooker -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

Operator

Our next question coming from the line of Mark Marcon with Baird, your line is open.

Mark Marcon -- Robert W Baird -- Analyst

All right, good afternoon and thanks for taking my questions. Just with regards to the slight economic volatility that we may end up experiencing, how are you thinking about the amount of increase in COBRA activity and how does that actually flow through in terms of when somebody goes on COBRA and what's the incremental expense and how should we think about that? And then as it relates to the rate environment. how are you thinking about how your competitors may react with regards to increasing their monthly account fees?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure, on the COBRA point, let me say, you have sort of a Part A and a Part B and Part A was sort of when might that activity hit etc and the answer really is, we don't know, but I could Male Answer Syndrome you, but I won't. The second part of your question regarding COBRA was sort of when someone goes on COBRA, how does it work? Depending on the arrangement, there are sort of two components to the revenue stream from COBRA. One is a general fee that's typically on a per employee basis rather than per participant basis that sort of reflects the fact that we're there, we're at the ready and there is a general -- all businesses have a general amount of of churn that occurs and so forth. So that doesn't change very much, but what does change is the acceptance rate and there essentially the way that it works as I think you know is the law allows us to retain a portion, a small portion of the premiums to cover our expenses. So the more people that are -- it comes back to. You have to offer COBRA to everyone regardless of why they left your employment. So in a different environment. right, you might find that well if people were leaving for their next job and their next job at health insurance, you have to send them the same paperwork, but they don't pick it. Here you may see more people take it and so that's sort of the way the economics work. That's when the economics can get better for you, but -- and then as I said earlier, we're going to continue to look at how we can offer more to these participants so that they have a number of options depending on where their needs are, but -- so I don't think anything would happen immediately in the first quarter or second quarter, but in terms of sort of the first quarter in terms of economics, but as things spool out, I think we might see some -- obviously some of this will depend on legislation too and what Congress may mandate that employers do one way or the other. And then your second question, can you repeat the second one, I kind of remember it, but I don't want to get it wrong.

Mark Marcon -- Robert W Baird -- Analyst

Yeah, just some of your competitors have been a little bit more aggressive with regards to the monthly account fees, thinking that they're going to make it up in terms of rates and so I would think that some of them are upside down on that part of the equation and I'm wondering if you go back to your of '07 through '09 experience, what did you end up seeing with regards to how quickly they started adjusting and how did that competitive dynamic [Speech Overlap].

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

In the '08 -- I mean that's exactly what happened in that period where you did have people who were kind of upside down and either they exited the business or they adjusted and they did that in fairly short order and I have to believe that to some extent in sales processes and the like, that just as we are, that all of our competitors are looking at this issue right now and what I think is maybe the difference is that we are all looking at it from different perspectives depending on where we are in the industry. We, as I commented upfront, the way we see the marketplace going is that people want a total solution that includes the HSA and the complementary program just because you happen to be a custodian or you happen to be an investment firm or what have you doesn't mean that they only want this from you that they want -- that they only want that service. They want you to provide the solution looked at from their perspective and we are in a great position to do that and one of the happy accidents in this context is that looked at in the aggregate that solution is far less exposed to rate uncertainty and variability. So we think we have a lot of levers that we can pull and that's reflected in the data. I mean if you look at as Devenir described, the average HSA generates more than 50% of its revenue from cash net interest margin. That number would actually be bigger if the accounting were the same way we do it, that is to say, and I'm not saying it has to be, but that is to say because we're not a bank where you do gross accounting, but the point is that most HSAs generate most of their profits from net interest and to the extent that you are at a place where that's sort of all you're doing, in this kind of environment, you can't make it up on volume. So I think the net of all that is to say, I think we and other competitors who are on the -- but certainly, we -- where we have we think the service that people want and that provides us some different -- it provides us some sort of cushion for lack of a better term from rate variability we think we'll be in good spot, but to answer your question, I think people are looking at it right now.

Mark Marcon -- Robert W Baird -- Analyst

Great, thanks a lot.

Operator

Our next question coming from the line of Sandy Draper with SunTrust, your line is open.

Sandy Draper -- SunTrust Robinson Humphery -- Analyst

Thanks very much. A lot of my questions have been asked, but maybe one, I think it was about a year ago or maybe at the end of last year, you guys talked about a lot of of new initiatives, investments in technology and other areas that because things were going well, you had a lot of margin you were going to, you were essentially more aggressively investing in the business. It sounded like what -- in the prepared comments that you certainly weren't slowing down any on the integration, but are any of those projects being sort of put on the back burner right now as things that you can do to offset and sort of factor in the guidance how you're holding may be EBITDA a little bit better even though there is a headwind. Are you delaying those things or are those things still pretty much going as planned and it's really just the cost savings you get as you continue to integrate the businesses?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

I think at the moment really the latter. We -- the things that as an example, I mean, probably the prime example of this, as we said, we at the time, we are -- we've made a considerable investment to assure ourselves that as the entire world including we move from kind of from on-prem data to cloud-based data right that we can develop in a scalable way and continue to get product to market fast and all that kind of stuff and that's definitely a future facing investment we've tried to design what we do in a way that it generates return along the way and most of that return is not in interest rate etc, it's in the speed to bring product to market and therefore lower development costs. So these changes haven't really affected the IRR there at this point, but it is something we'll look at. We'll probably have a discussion on this topic for example at a board level just to think about what we're doing. We're certainly mindful of the fact that if we needed or if we felt that it was prudent to manage cash or something along those lines, then those are the kind of things we would do, because that, you're effectively increasing cost of capital, but for the moment since the return on those projects is not based on changes in interest rate, there is no reason not to do them and we've always said that we're prepared to do things as long as they -- we feel like they're generating a positive return. We're going to do things we generate the most positive return to you as investors and so, so that's what we're doing.

Sandy Draper -- SunTrust Robinson Humphery -- Analyst

Great, that's really helpful and then just a quick one maybe either for you, Jon I think you said or Darcy. I think you said you're pretty much assuming the $30 million reduction in revenue guidance from the last time you gave it, you're assuming it's pretty much all flowing through to EBITDA. Was that correct?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, Darcy you want to hit that one.

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, that's correct. We gave a little bit broader range on there may be some uncertainties that we've included in the revenue, but generally speaking, that's correct. The rate information we gave flows to the bottom line.

Sandy Draper -- SunTrust Robinson Humphery -- Analyst

Okay, great, thanks.

Operator

Our next question coming from the line of Allen Lutz with Bank of America, your line is open.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Hey, Allen.

Allen Lutz -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Hey, thanks for taking the question. On the 4% reduction in revenue guidance. I guess what would need to happen in order to miss this new range? Would LIBOR and treasuries have to go below zero? Is there any way to just kind of frame what's embedded in this updated range?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, the short answer is yes. That is to say, we have not assumed negative rates mostly because very candidly we're not exactly sure how to do so. I hate to put it that way, but in other words, a negative rate is really a fee. What do you do with that and so and we've had a lot of conversations both with the folks who advise us from a policy perspective, but also with our bank partners and the like and and certainly Jay Powell has said that he would be extremely reticent notwithstanding the situation to go to negative rates that he is not sure it's a viable policy tool. So I mean that's certainly something we have not assumed. Second I guess I'd say and then that's the biggest thing. I'll stop there actually and there are some other things that could occur that would have modest impacts, but that's about it. We've tried to be as conservative as we can recognizing that these are good times to be conservative.

Allen Lutz -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Okay and then for my follow-up, have you seen, I know it's very very early but have you seen any increased spending trends as it relates to the coronavirus or any shifting of assets from invested assets to cash or is there anything that you're able to call out at this point?

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Not really.

Allen Lutz -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Great, thanks.

Operator

Thank you and I'm showing no further questions at this time. I would like to turn the call back over to Mr. Jon Kessler for closing remarks.

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, thanks. Thanks everyone for being patient with us today. We certainly went a little long, but probably for good reason and we'll continue to try and keep you informed as we know more, but I think kind of the message that you heard today is a little bit, obviously, we're not ecstatic about the rate environment, nobody is, but it's also true that as Ted said, we've got a team that's performed extremely well and really performed extraordinarily over the last few months and is ready to do more and that's what we're here to do to deliver for you. So thanks for your patience and we'll keep at it. [Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 80 minutes

Call participants:

Richard Putnam -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Ted Bloomberg -- Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

Darcy Mott -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Jon Kessler -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Steve Lindsay -- Senior Vice President of Relationship Management

Anne E. Samuel -- JP Morgan -- Analyst

Greg Peters -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Jamie Stockton -- Wells Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Robert P. Jones -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

George Hill -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Donald Hooker -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Mark Marcon -- Robert W Baird -- Analyst

Sandy Draper -- SunTrust Robinson Humphery -- Analyst

Allen Lutz -- Bank of America -- Analyst

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